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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 18, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF I STO Y A i C E S v C I N L C 0 V P THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIU ASSOCIATED TRESS AND UNITED PRESS CULL LEASED WIRES coipr FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 18 1942 THIS PAPEll CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 266 UNITED NATIONS CARRY WAR TO FOE Nazis Fall Back Before Stalingrad Marines Firm on Solomons BRAZILS FURY RISES AFTER 5 SHIPS ARE SUNK Piracy Denounced by Vargas as AntiAxis Demonstrations Occur RIO DE JANEIRO If The rising fury of Brazilians over the sinking by axis submarines of five Brazilian ships in three days brought President Getulio Vargas himself Tuesday to denounce the sinkings as acts of piracy in an address to a tumultuous crowd that paraded to the prcsidentia palace Latest tabulations showed the five sent down off Brazil coast carried 830 persons includ ing 274 soldiers and that onlj 157 have reached land The government already has promised that crimes prac ticed against the lives and Roods of Brazilians will not go unpunished but urged the public to remain calm Irate newspaper editorials an street demonstrations spread til war fever Tuesday The steel shutters fronting bus ness houses suspected of bavin axis connections banged shut a crowds moved through the center of the city and converged on the presidential residence Guanabara Stassen Backs Chye for Post n Minnesota ST PAUL Minn iarold E Stassen Tuesday in orsed Ed Thye former deputy griculture commissioner for the epublican nomination for lieu enant governor Stassen said the people have ecognized in Thye Northfield armer the qualities of leadership needed in the critical war period He predicted Thye would be elected Referring to his announced intention to resign the jrovemor ship if reelected and enter active duty with the navy next spring Stassen said he fre quently had been asked What will happen in the state government if you as gov ernor leave to enter active serv ice after the next session of the legislature Slasscn said he would give a straightforward answer to that question The people of Minnesota in tend to nominate and elect EC Thye as the next lieutenant gov ernor of Minesota Stassen sait in his prepared speech From what I hear the peopl have thought this over since made my announcement fiv monlhs ago and they have decid cd that Ed Thye has the ability and strength and rugged character to carry on as governor when 1 leave and to handle well the war md postwar problems of Minne Back to War Again NAVY REVEALS FIRM TOEHOLDS ON SOLOMONS Allied Planes Comb Wide Areas to Blast at Jap Ships Harbors GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia United States marines have won solid toeholds in the Solomon islands the first step to victory in the first allied offensive in the Pa cific while allied airmen comb the southern seas lo blast the lap sncsc in their ships and harbors wherever they may be trying lo go lo the rescue That was the broad picture Tuesday over thousands of square miles of Ihe South Pacific where the fighting forces of the united nations have begun to roll back the enemy in a campaign of growing magnitude Growing Air Offensive Is Under Way By WES GALLAGHER AN AMERICAN BOMBER STA TION IN BRITAIN A growing American bombing offen sive to smash at nazi strongholds in Germany and occupied Europe in coordination with the RAfc until the war is won was under way Tuesday after a highly suc cessful allAmerican bombing at tack on the Germanheld railway yards at Rouen France Twelve flying forlrcsscs with Brig Gen Ira C Eakcr in one of the leading planes flew Monday through all the anti aircraft fire the Germans of fered faced the best of Ger manys fighter planes and lefl their target under a great pall of smoke and sand Six other flying fortresses exe cuted diversion attacks on Dun kerque and Cherbourg All 18 of the giant bombers re turned safely to their base GERMANS S W OF STALINGRAD MAKE RETREAT No Indication Seen However of General Withdrawal by Nazis HARRISON SALISBURY palace There they sang the national anthem and shouted for Vargas and Brazil until thepresident ap peared The press department in a summary of the presidents im promptu speech quoted him as declaring he well understood the feelings of sadness and pa triotic excitement which now fill vibrant hearts He said all Brazilians should share these feelings and at the same time feelings of repulsion and indignation at being con fronted suddenly by acts of piracy We have done nothing that oui merchant ships operating on coast al lines should be attacked and One hundred and seventyseven tanks veterans of tlie last war and residents of a Fort Meade junk pile since then arc going back to the wars They are being smashed into scrap in a Baltimore scrap yard When reduced to piles of metal theyll wind up in fur naces eventually to take on new shapes and pick up where they quit in 1918 It was the official story of the United States navy and of Gen eral MacArthurs headauarters A navy communique issued in Washington showed the attack on tlie Solomons to have been a mighty onslaught which caught the Japanese flatfooted on Aug 7 Australian time in the Guadal Stassens announcement was his first public indorsement o Thye although it had been rumored for some time that the governor would back Thye instead of Lt Gov C Elmer Anderson who was his running mate in the past two elections Because of Stassens intention to enter the navy the lieutenant governor will become governor for virtually the entire term if Stassen is reelected to a third term this fall Stassen said people had praised Thyes leadership and administrative ability Ms experience as a farmer and his attitude toward tabor I believe the people are right Stamen added The governor also said that the needs for help on farms must cut down nonessential spending must reduce the states indebtedness and should set aside a special re serve fund to help men in the service get started again when they come home after winning the war sunk with the deaths of sailors next session of the legislature must who operated them and even of action on six important s Iho soldicrs The Brazilian steamers Bagc and Cuyaba due lo take axis diplomats to Europe were held in port Just before noon a crowd tore Brazilian flags from the offices of two pronazi newspapers and marched to the foreign ministry where a spokesman for the dem onstrators declared This demonstration is to show the Brazilian government that people will follow the government anywhere A functionary of the foreign ministry accepted the flags and then the demonstrators estimat ed to number 2000 observed nne minutes silence in memory of all who have died through out the world in the struggle against aggressors y Special police prevented dam age to the newspaper buildings bu there were other cafe of attack on German property by enragec Brazilians There was one attempt to at tack a suburban German hospital A German bar was sacked Dem onstrations occurred against var ious business houses known to b German controlled Dispatches from Porto Alegr told of antiaxis demonstration by a huge crowd there Strongly worded editorials the Brazilian press fanned th public feelings Il was learned that the fiv sunken ships carried 836 person including 274 soldiers Govern ment information up lo neon showed 157 had reached the Bra zilian coast leaving G70 still to be accounted for He said Ihe legislature must rovidc for carrying on a strong efctisc program in Minnesota ust seek to maintain continuous reduction of war supplies with ut stoppages through labor dis utes must provide for emergency Concrete Rises Above Ankles Man Making Protest Loses Debate POINT PLEASANT W Va state road foreman won the argument when a home own er protested against laying of a sidewalk ill front of his home The man said no settlement had been made with him on puttin in the sidewalk on his property as part of an access road pro gram He stood in the middle of the walk declared he wouldnt move But workmen went ahead and he moved when the concrete rose above his ankles 24 Hour a Day Air Offensive Carried Out Against Nazis Allied Fighters Engage Force of German Planes Off French Coast LONDON fighter planes carrying on a 24houra day offensive by United States and British air forces engaged a force of nazis planes off the French coast Tuesday and destroyed one lleinkel patrol ship and damaged another despite their strong tight er escort the air ministry an nounced Tuesday After the British and American air force commands said Monday niglil Ihcy were prepared lo launch the grcalost sustained canalTulagi area one most valuable bases ol their aerial assault in swept over the history planes channel early Tuesday in a continuation of Mon days American bombing raids on Rouen and the RAF attack on the RhinelandRuhr area The two Heinkels both termed Selectees Leave for Army Service 5 Killed When Train Hits Car in Nebraska WEEPING WATER Nebr members of the William Stubbendick family farmers liv ing one and onehalf miles west of Weeping Water were killed Tues day A Missouri Pacific passenger train enroute from Union to Lin coln struck the Stubbendick car loaded with seven passengers at a crossing leading from the farm of John Compton across the road from the Stubbendick farm lo the highway V float planes and one carrying tor pedoes were protected by six FockoWulflQOs the newest type German fighters but the Brilish spillircs broke through the screen and caught the Heinkels just above the water The entire British squad ron attacked and the pilots saw the Heinkel115 break up in the air The second Hcinkcl only nne motor functioning alter Ihe Spit fires hit it with cannon fire was forced to land oil the water Then it was a real mixup one Spitfire pilot said The Pockc Wulfs attacked us and they were joined by 12 more from the shore Two British planes arc missing from the engagement American flying fortresses made the attack on Rouen while the British in their attack which cen tered on Osnabruck a railway and var factory center used their own heavy bombers They shot down one enemy plane and five of their own craft were missing indicating that probably about 100 planes made the attack KILIED IN CRASH CORPUS CHRISTI Tex IJPi navy training plane plunged into the walciv of the Lagunn iUadre 20 miles south of the Corpus Christ naval air station Monday killing Aviation Cade Xrirfil E 25 of Minne apolis The harbor of Tulagi is one of tlie best in the southwest Pacific and the airfield on Guadalcanal makes that island a gigantic air craft carrier anchored athwartthe sea lane from America to Aus tralia Without divulging details of the still continuing and still growing battle the communique gave these assurances thai the first phase has ended in defeat for the Japanese in the air ashore and afloat 1 The marines have made sev eral landings in the Guadalcanal Tulagi area rapidly overcoming enemy resistance and their cap tured shore positions have since been developed and are now well established 2 Japanese naval forces closed in for action with the allied fleet on only one night Aug 89 and backed vessels engaged in the operations 3 Enemy air attempts nn the They were escorted to their tar gets by RAF Canadian and United Stales fighters and two of these were lost But the fighters shot down two German planes and 21 year old Scrgt Kent L Wesl of West Blockton Ala belly gunner in one of the fort resses Dlasted another German fighter out of the sky It an American show and from General Eaker on down the boys were delighted Flying at heights where tanksupplied oxy gen was almosl constantly nec essary the forlresses hardly broke formation throughout the run American ground crew waited to cheer them as the fortresses skimmed in to a landing here aft er the raids The bombs which tangled up the railroad yards at historic Rouen 87 miles northwest of Paris poured out of sleek shins hcariiiff such designations as Baby Doll Peggy D John ny Rch Birmingham Blitz krieg Big Funk and Berlin Sleeper General Eakcrs plane was labelled Yankee Doodle Maj Gen Carl Spaatz com mander of the U S air forces in the European thcalcr was plain By United Press Slaff Correspondent Allied forces in Ihe southwest Pacific on the long Russian front and in the British Isles were re ported Tuesday to be currying the fight lo the enemy From each of the key seniors reports had assumed al least lemporarily a more optimistic lone f Front line dispatches from Rus sia reported lhal powerful soviet defenses on the approaches to Stalingrad and Ihe Volga river have taken so heavy a loll of nazi the Germans have to fall back several troops that been forced kilometers into new defense posi tions There was no indication that a general German withdrawal was involved but the Moscow reports said that on the Kolelinkovski front 90 miles southwest of Stalin grad nazi force were compelled to retire and reorganize These reports might indicate that Marshal Semeoii Timoshcriko has Amassed substantial masses of men to protect the approaches to Stalingrad and the vital Volga river communications line f 3f If Berlin reports mentioned no specific gains in south Russia hut complained of tropical heat in the Caucasus which apparent ly was slowing down the nazi spearheads The Germans also again took note of powerful so viet diversionary attacks in the Vyazma and Kzhcv sectors V Moscow continued to emphasize the soviet desire for a second front However there was no hint in cither London or Moscow re ports of the conference of Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin that any such move one iigiii miK ami enlulsi1stic off before reaching the We will bomb Germany ns fasl first two days of the landings in flicted only minor damage on the American troops The communique mentioned damage to both sides in the naval encounter but it kept the enemy guessing of course both what the United Stales lost and what the United Stales knows of Japans cost in trying to defend the Solo mons shores landingUnd as often as possible until win Ihc war he said This marks the real starl of an ever increasing American bombing offensive He predicted devastating high altilude precision blows at se lected targets from the graceful flying fortresses while the giant RAF bombers continued massive assaults on German cities one by one at night The fortresses with 13 Runs each arc the most heavily armed bombers in the air today The Germans seemed lo pull away and aopearecl leery about 11 awav anu aupiiicu HJLI tmiui Its only igurc was at east MK lls Uid Maj Paul Tib Tapancsc planes destroyed 18 of if Minmi F them seaplanes demolished before Ihey could gel into action and of 1C Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon Scattered showers Tuesday night and early Wed nesday IOWA Continued warm Tuesday Wednesday somewhat afternoon through forenoon except Ten selectees including several in the 1B classification left for Jefferson Barracks Monday afternoon at oclock on the M and St L railroad Four were from draft board one and six from draft hoard two Mason Citys municipal band and a usual sized crowd with the color guard formed by members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and American Legion gave the boys a warm sendoff Gifts were presented to each of the selectees by the Citizens Good Will committee before boarding the train Reading from left to right the selectees are front row Howard Halley Francis Weaver Norman Lovik Clifford Quinn second row Francis Rozen Marvin Larson Lester Dorenkamp Paul Simmons John Mitchell and Peter Rickoff The color guard in the back row composed of members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion are lett to right Gns Vnrs Fd Hickman J V Wilson Louis Tcrhufen Tyler Stewart and Ed Pearson Lock photo Kayenay engraving warmer in cast and central por tions Tuesday afternoon and in southeast portions Tuesday night Scattered thundershowers in cast and south portions Tues day nighl MINNESOTA Slightly warmer north and central portions Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday nighl Continued warm Wednes day forenoon Scattered showers and thunderstorms cast and south portions Tuesday night and early Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 83 Minimum Monday night 57 At 8 a mTuesday 61 Rain 223 inches The downpour early Tuesday morning was the heaviest rain fall for a 24 hour period since Sepl 8 1941 when 380 inches of rain fell The heaviest fall so far this summer up until Tuesday had been 201 inches on June 29 YEAR AGO Maximum R5 Minimum 58 Precipitation 13 fully as many more land planes knocked out in the vain attempt to stem the marines ruth from transports The navy previously had an nounced tlial one Uniled Slates cruiser was sunk and Ihat two cruisers tvro destroyers and one transport were damaged The new information that the close quarter sea battle lasted but one night and ended in the enemy fleets failure lo reach its quarry however evi dently exposed as false Ihc Tokio claims of some 40 united nations ships sunk or damaged Airmen of General MacAr thurs command mcanxvliile scoured the Japanese held har bors in the South Sea islands close enough to the Solomons to reinforce their imperilled gar risons A that Kakcr warned Ihat one suc cessful flifcht dill not prove Dial a heavy daylight attack would always work but lie said Ihe raid went exactly according In plan and we are well satisfied with the days work Some Brilish aviation writers lad expressed doubt of the flying fortresses ability to execute a successful daylight raid over the continent It way was smooth sailing all the said Second Lieut Richard communique Tuesday said allied planes on offensive reconnaissance bombed shipping in the port of Kavieng on Ihe island of New Ireland but thai the re sults were unobserved New Ire land i northwest of the Solomons in another link of the island chain at the top of the Coral sea Medium bombers also raided Timor for the third attack in as many days on that island far to the west where scattered Dutch Australian forces are said to be continuing a guerrilla resistance against Ihe Japanese For the first time since Aug 1 however enemy raiders struck back forcibly at Port Moresby in southern New Guinea causing casualties and damage to instal lations Stark of Midway K pilot of Johnny Reb Second Lieut Jesse F Baker ol San Francisco navigator of the Baby Doll said it was easier than I thought and we were the last and hot unit too It was a typical American line up Some of the names Second Lieut George A Pucilowski De troit pilot Second Lieut Jamc Sammons Louisa Ky pilot Firs New London Second Lieut had been determined upon London press reports took a cautious line concerning the meet ing The opinion was expressed lhal the discussions were pre dicated oti belief thai Russia can hold on through the winter de spite the fcrocily of Ihe nazi al tack According to this view Ihe chief object of discussion was the question of supplies for the red army and the possibility of allied reinforcements frcrn the middle east if the Caucasus situation should become desperate There was speculation that Churchill might summon a special session of parliamenl or make a orld wide broadcasl concerning s Moscow discussions Moscow press comment was re rained bul the communist parly cwspaper Pravdei declared that ic meeting furthered close iboration between the united ations Although the second land front ossibililics seemed dimmer the Hied air front against Germany as building up rapidly American and British planes peraling from the British Isles vcrc on almost a 24hour basis of ttack upon continental objcc ivcs The objective of Ihe night Hack was the RulirRhineland n daylight AngloA m e r i c a n ilancs raced over the French oast for a bombardment ilivitegic points in narioccupicd Lieut Will Hay Conn navigator Harry Nucsslc Lnndsdownc Pa navigator Capl William B Mus scHvhite Jackson Miss pilol an Second Lieut George Ludolph St Paul Minn bombardier of bi stuff General Spaatz and an anxious group of Kround workers waited at the base for the return flight and broke into cheers as Ihe fortresses came in grouped in threes They gathered around the rcturninR flyers to hear their slorics We laid em righl on Ihe loco motive sheds blew cm sky high i said Bombardier Ludolph American bombers were active oo in Ihc middle east where me dium planes blasted al Matruh md heavy bombers attacked an axis convoy in the Mediterranean In the soulhwest Pacific opti mism was running high over the American attack in the Solomon islands because of the U S com munique indicating that Ihc initial phase of the operation was suc cessful Australian observers believed that in 12 days of fighling Ameri can marines and naval units had won an historic victory Reds Make Heavy C outlierAttacks MOSCOW Red army Iroops counterattacking southwest of Stalingrad were reported Tues day to have thrown the Germans into retreat and rcoccupicd an im portant line even the in vaders wedged into the Don bend ;