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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 17, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10 WANS NI1GHIORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Presi and United Preu Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 17 19S3 ThU iaprr ConsliU of Two On No I One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Boulders in the Path of Progress M sure there must be books about how tough the march of progress has been down through the centuries since man stood up on his hind legs and began dis tinguishing himself from other members of the animal kingdom by using his head to think But 1 havent happened to encounter such a volume I could furnish a chapter or two for such a book from things that have come to my attention as an editor but my contribution would be a bit on the superficial side To do a good job on the assignment one would have to engage in some rather exhaustive research Theres something in human think it could be referred to as an causes all of us to cling to those customs and practices which were handed down to us by our progenitors That fa miliar saying What was good enough for my father is good enough for me is quite largely explained by that instinct to which Ive referred Here let me pause long enough to make it clear that Im not wholly critical of this trait Certainly it has led to less pain and unhappi ness than would have been man kinds lot if it had taken its cue from those few among us who think that all change anything new is progress Not Necessarily Progress While it has to be something of guess by its very nature I hold to the view that change for the sake of change is as likely to be in reverse as somebody has stated it is to be true progress I have no Id like to make this unmistakably with the reluctance to change which grows out of an open mind Its profoundly true that the lamp of lessons of his the one most reliable chart and compass for the future My thats what it is with the resistance to change which proceeds from prejudice or from the closed mind Perhaps I can best illustrate my point by re calling a story which had its set ting along the banks of the Hudson river above New York City I was reminded of it one day not so long ago as I took that scenic drive be tween New York and Albany via VYest Point Boats vs Railroad An incredulous spectator watched Robert Fulton as he pushed his final preparations for what was to be the first successful operation of a steamboat Theyll never start her he kept muttering to himself A few moments later the tiny steampropelled craft began mov ing Theyll never stop her he mut tered in the same doleful tone Thats what I mean by the closed mind by an unreasoning resistance to progress Its an at titude of mind which has no re lationship whatever to the course of past events Within a half century that Hudson incident to which I have referred all the novelty of steamships had worn off and those engaged in the business were as suming a vested interest in the transportation industry They were highly critical of a new upstart in the field called the railroad One of the most interesting pieces of litigation participated in by Abraham Lincoln in his days as a specifically a rail road to do with a de liberate attempt by a steamship skipper to knock down and set fire to the first railroad bridge across the Mississippi River between Iowa and Illinois It was at Davenport Its Always Been So Men of little vision had the utter ly juvenile notion that by destroy ing that bridge they could turn back the tide of progress And it has always been so Weve been slow to sense that the onward sweep of progress is inexorable No immovable object has ever been evolved that could hold back its irresistible force In every craft or profession I venture examples can be cited of futile attempts to do what the steamboat captain failed so dis mally to accomplish when he butted into and set fire to the Dav enport bridge My own field the newspaper and printing art is not without its sorry chapter Some seven decades ago the lino type a mechanical typesetter which could do the work of almost 10 men was invented and put into production by a Germanborn CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 U 5 Snubs Russian Plan for Germany WASHINGTON W The Slate Department Monday accused Rus sia of delaying both a Big Four meeting and free elections through out Germany The accusation came in a state ment made at a regular news con ference by Press Officer Joseph Reap It was the departments offi cial comment on the Russian pro posal for a peace conference with Germany Two Main Points The State Department had two main points to raise in regard to Lhe Russian note 1 While the three Western powers had made a concrete pro posal for a meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in their note of July 15 the Soviet note seems to put off any kind of meeting until some lime next year The state ment added that it would be dif ficult for the German people to understand why the Soviets are reluctant to get on with concrete discussions regarding Germany 2 The Soviet note sets up an obstacle to free elections through out Germany by insisting that a German provisional government be formed first United Government Russia had advocated formation of a provisional united German government and a Big Four con ference on the German peace treaty within six months The Soviet Union also called for free German elections without foreign supervision and reduction of Germanys World War II debts These Russian desires were made known Sunday when the Soviet government handed notes to ambassadors of Western nations The note argued that fourpower preliminary talks should begin im mediately with the Germans sit ting in on the conversations It also proposed that the East and West German parliaments should gettogether and organize a unified provisional government which would participate in prepa ration of the peace treaty and draft an election law The note proposed that Germany cease making reparations pay ments on Jan 1 1954 and that all of Germanys postwar debts ex cept those made in trade agree ments be cancelled Occupation costs should not ex ceed five per cent of the combined East and West German budgets the note said The note to the Big Three am bassadors said the provisional gov ernment should discuss barring the inclusion of Germany in coali tions and military alliances di rected against any state which took part in the war against Hit lers Germany In addition to the Big Four na Lions Russia the United States France and Great Britain Poland zechoslovakia Belgium Holland and other states who fought against Hitler should attend the peace treaty conference The Soviet plan would guarantee to all Germany freedom of speech the press and worship and the right to assemble The note said organizations hos tile to democracy and opposed to democracy should be banned from German territory It would fix Germanys frontiers according to the Potsdam agree ment which would establish the eastern border on the Oderneisse line AP Wirrpluitu Lawrence POW SON GREETS DYING Buzbee won his race against time to sec his father L E Buzbee whose last wish was to see his son before he died Sgt Buzbee from Ruskin Fla was released from a Com munist POW camp Aug 10 Sets New Record More Than 702000 Sow North Iowa Fair A new attendance record for the North Iowa Fair was set for the sixday run which concluded Sunday night Although final figures were not available Monday M Cap Lawson secretarymanager said the total attend ance would exceed i02000 Last years total was 100091 More than 18000 persons attended the fair during the final day Lawson said rowd of 4300 in the after noon watched the big car auto races in which Mason Citys Leon DeRock captured the feature event A grandstand audience of 2500 saw the final evening show featur ng Sam Howards Water Frolics and the Dorothy Dorberi dancers Lawson said directors of the fair would meet Friday to make plans for 1954 rAll About The Weather City Mostly fair and little warmer Tuesday Iowa Fair Tuesday and a warmer little Minnesota Fair and a little warm er Tuesday GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Monday Maximum 80 Minimum 51 At 8 a m 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 58 Europe Has to Help Self Ike Says Aid Canf Do All WASHINGTON M President Eisenhower told Congress Monday Western nations should strive for greater selfhelp toward collective security because American aid cannot do the whole job His report reviewed the mutual security program for the six months ended last June 30 It said Soviet Russia continues a serious threat to peace and that US aid to check Communist expansion now is shifting in emphasis from Eu rope to Asia and the Pacific While if is clear that the strength needed by other free na tions cannot be developed and maintained without substantial American assistance the report declared it is equally clear that the mutual security program alone cannot do the whole job Other measures are necessary and it is important that the mutual securty program and our foreign relations asa whole be conducted in such a way as to facilitate the taking of these measures Ratification of the European De fense Community Treaty trade expansion and greater investment of private capital in underdevel oped countries were three steps the President mentioned Eisenhower limited his own re marks to a twosentence letter of transmittal saying Americas safe ty is inextricably tied in with the security arid wellbeing of other free nations t AP Wircphoto NOT from Syria that President Adib Shishekly above had been assassinated were officially refuted later Mon day The first report said he was mowed down by machine gun fire Walker Dies While Fishing Edward Walker G2 423i 3rd NE Sunday was found dead of a heart attack while fishing in the Winnebago River near the Sweet Clover Dairy 3008 Carolina NE An unidentified companion told deputy sheriffs thatWalker had gone to their car to get something to eat He became suspicious when Walker failed to return He found Walker dead near where they had parked the car Ccrro Gordo County Coroner Ralph Smiley Monday ruled the death was caused by a heart fail ure Funeral services have Jjeeii set tentatively at pm Tuesday at the PattersonJames Chapel In terment will be at ElmwoocJ Ceme tery Testifies U S Worker Is Onetime Communist Man Able to Obtain Secret Data Works in U S Print Office WASHINGTON Vf A govern ment printing office employe idcn tified a fellow worker Edwan Rothschild facotoface Monday n a one time member of the Comma nist Party Jaiims Phillips i bookbinding machine operator told Senate in vesligators that Rothschild has no direct access to secret material in the government printing plant bul could easily get such material from other workers Phillips confronted Rothschild at a hearing by the Senate Investi gations Subcommittee which is looking for evidence that secret material in the government print ing office has been leaked to the Communists Met in 1938 Phillips testified he first met Rothschild in 1938 He identified Rothschild as one of 25 or 30 per sons who attended a meeting in a private home to organize a Com munist cell in the government printing office Later Phillips said Rothschild and a Fred Sillers approached him on the street and asked him in a threatening and belligerent atti tude whether he was for or against their efforts to organize such a cell Phillips said he thought it over and gave them thek answer by going before the House Commit tee on unAmerican activities and testifying about the whole affair Phillips also testified he once saw another fellow worker Bertha Lomax try to leave the govern ment printing office with secre material in her pocket That employe continued to work at the printing office for three months after she was caught Phillips said Chairman McCarthy RWis commented that the incident showed how easy it would be for a government printing office em ploye to come into possession 01 classified material He added the Lomax woman wouldnt have been caught if Phillips hadnt seen her takc the material Identifies Wife Earlier a former FBI under cover agent identified Rothschilds wife Esther as an active worker for Communist Party organiza tions in the 1040s Mrs Mary Markward of Silver Spring Md who said she asso ciated with Communists and re ported to the FBI pointed to Mrs Rothschild at a Senate hearing and said she most definitely knew her in the Communist movement Under questioning Mrs Mark ward said she could not say how ever whether Edward Rothschild husband of Mrs Rothschild was a member of the Communist Party Mrs Markward was the first witness in public hearings by the Senate Investigations Subcommit tee into alleged leaking of secret data from the governments print ing plant McCarthy said at the outset he matter is one of alleged cspion age Serious Espionage If the testimony that has been given previously in secret ses sion is true then there is a very serious question of espionage Me Carthy said If not of He did not finish the sentence Mrs Markward has appeared as an antiCommunist witness in pre vious proceedings Soviet Role in Parley Up to Reds UNITED NATIONS N Y Russia appeared assured Monday of a seat at the forthcoming Ko political her satellites North Korea and Com munist China want her there In dias chances of being asked to he parley dimmed however Diplomats gathering for ihe JN General Assembly beginning Monday afternoon freely pre dicted approval of a carefully ivorded Western resolution tossing the issue of Soviet participation to the Communist side Two British Commonwealth and New Zea up with this formula Sunday to patch up part of the split between the United States and Britain Both agreed to sup port it The AngloAmerican differences over the proposed inclusion of In dia at the conference table how ever remained as great as ever and it was doubtful whether India could win a twothirds majority in the COnation Assembly U S Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr said frankly Sunday that the United States would not vote for a Britishsponsored resolution to include the conference Lodge insisted Indian member ship would not be in accordance with the terms of the armistice agreement which in the U S view calls for representation only of fighting participants in the con flict India had oniy an ambulance unit in Korea and has frequently claimed neutrality Some diplomatic quarters pre dicted that India might withdraw her name in view of the strong U S opposition Indian delegate V K Krishna Menon already has de clared his country is not a can didate for a place at the confer ence The resolution on the participa tion of Russia merely calis on the Assembly to recommend that the Soviet Union take part provided ho other side desires it HOLD UPPER HAND IN Minister Mohammed Mossadegh righthand man Foreign Minister Hossein Fatemi right hold control in Iran Monday after Mossadegh crushedan attempt by the Shuhs palace guards to oust him Fatemi and two other top Mossadegh officials were held hostage for several hours before being released See End to Monarchy in Iran After Coup Fails Mossadegh Now Rules Supreme TEHRAN Iran Wl Aged Pre micr Mohammed Mossadegh holt supreme power in Iran Monday after crushing a bloodless attemp to unseat him by supporters of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi The young ruler and his beauli ful Queen Soraya fled to neighbor ing Iraq and Communist mobs screamed for an end to the archy Acting Swiftly Acting swiftly in the wake of the him early Sunday Mossadegh jailed top leaders o his opposition and dissolved the remnant of the Parliament Though the 34ycnrold monarch had no abdicated the government was be lieved readying a regency counci to take over his powers The leader of the coup attempt Maj GcnFazellahZahedi hid in the hills In a statement to news men he claimed the Shah hnd given him an imperial decree ousting Mossadegh and proclaiming Zahecl Premier Police and troops armed will rifles and sten guns started a dc termincd hunt for the rebel leader Tehran radio broadcast orders from Mossadegh to customs anr frontier forces to prevent hi escape abroad at any cost Tension lessened in Tehran Mon ay as truckloads of armed troops and Sherman tanks called out by Mossadegh rumbled back to their barracks and bases Sunday the city had bristled with troops pro ccting the government against heir titular commander in chief the Shah Clear Away Glass Along the capitals main streets Monday shop owners cleared nway broken glass left by antiShah dem onstrators who stoned the mon archs portraits in shop windows Sunday night The mob of Communist and tfossadcgh than 00000 packed the capitals main Parliament Square lowling for the rulers blood Banners demanded Death to the Shah and End the dynasty The meeting bawled assent to a lemand for a regency by Foreign Minister Hossein Falcmi who was seized by the coupattempting im jerial guards and held for jours in a palace strongroom Christmas in August RICHMOND Vn kids Santa Glnus hascome to Rich mond Thats August One block of the citys mnln thoroughfare Broad Street Is all decked out in Christmas lights gaily orna mented trees reindeer andfiguresof Santa and his helpers The outofseason yuletlde is the work of local merchants and orna ment manufacturers They to have aitearly look at their ware before December rolls around Retired Farmer Killed in Crash Near Nora Springs NORA E Rynor G7 retired living in Rudd Sunday was killed when his car collided with another atthe junction of Highways 147 and 18 abouttwo miles east of here Mrs Ryner 55 and the two occupants of the second car Mr and Mrs Don TrunneU Cedar Falls were taken to Mercy Hospital in Mason City observation M r s TrunneU was released after being treated for leg injuries According to highway patrolmen Ryncr was driving cast on High way 18 in a 1953 Chevrolet Trim nell also was headed castina195 Oldsmobilc Patrolmen said Ryner apparent ly pulled off on the shouidci as if to turn right on Highway M7 However Ryncr turned to the north instead to enter a side road The two cars then collided In the middle of Highway 18 The accident took place at p m Both machines received con siderablc damage Coroner Carl Hnuser of Charles City was investigating the accklen Monday morning The body was a the Shcckler Funeral Home a Nora Springs where riles were pending the investigation to be helc there and at Mason City BULLETIN UNITED NATIONS N YA Cpmmunlft diplomat said Mon day the Russianbloc wants the Korean political conference to include some nations which did not take part in the fighting The diplomat made his statement the U N assembly opened a special session to the coming political conference on Korea Stories on Clear Lake School Site Pages 4 and 20 Rhee Claims US to Fight If Talks Fail WASHINGTON MPI President Syngman Rhee of South Korea said Mondny he believes that tho Korean peace talksfail the United States will resume the fight to ac complish the of unifying his embattled country His statement made in a copy righted interview with the maga zine U S News and Report came in the wnke of one by Walter S Robertson t h a t the United States has not mapped out a specific course of action if it is necessary for the Americans to walk out of the peace talks Robertson is the assistant sec retary of state whoj as personal representative of President Eisen hower persuaded Rhee not to ob struct the truce Robertson in a television inter view Sunday said the United States has not agreed with Rhee to help him in resuming battle unless he Communists break the peace irat SAMSDAT i if ;