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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 17, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL 14 THE NEWSPAPER THAT Aooctated Prep and United Pros FuU Leawd WIra Five Cents a Copji MASON crrr IOWA FKIDAY AUGUST 17 1945 JAPS SUBMIT This Pajjer Consists of Two O MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS RUSSIANS GIVE JAPS WARNING IN MANCHURIA After Nip Offensive Soviet Allows Japs Until Monday to Quit London Russians charging that the Japanese had launched a widespread counter offensive in Manchuria at the same time its headquarters asked soviet troops to cease hostilities Friday gave the Japanese until noon Mon day to disarm and surrender The Japanese government in a broadcast recorded in the United States by FCC urgently re quested Gen MacArthur Friday to take proper steps to bring about the immediate cessation of the soviet oHenslve The broadcast said Japanese troops were unable to cease hos tilities because Russian troops are sllil positively carrying on the offensive The message did not mention the soviet charge that the Japanese were continuing to Marshall Alexander M Vassi levsky said in a broadcast order as soon as the Japanese troops begin surrendering arms soviet troops will discontinue war operations j The soviet marshal ihe Mos cow radio reportedsaid alsothat the Japanese did not mention a word about capitulation in their request that the Russians halt fighting Japanese commander was given the added time so that he could communicate with all of his troops Three hours after VassUeVskys message was radioed to the Japa 4 nese the Japanese Domei agency in a dispatch recorded in America by the FCC said the Kwantung commander would send small type aircraft over the Manchur ian front between 10 a m and 2 p m to effect swift trans mission of the order to cease all military activities and to surren der all arms Later however a Kwangtung army headquarters broadcast in English recorded by the FCC said bad flying weather which makes flying by lowspeed aircraft prac tically impossible prevented de livery of the written order The broadcast which was directed to the allies supreme commander said the order would be delivered tomorrow between 10 a m and 2 p m A soviet communique said the Japanese counterattacks were made at 3 points and were re pulsed with the Russian capture of the key communication cities of Wangching Kiamusze and Taon Keep Green Gas Stamps OPA Advises Washington office of price administration said Friday that consumers shouldnt throw away their gasoline ration books and the green stamps in their food ration books While no longer needed for buy ing gasoline those A B and C books still will be of help to mo torists wanting tires A new system of tire rationing based on occupational driving re quirements rather than type of gasoline ration book held by the motorist has gone into effect However retention of the old gas oline books will expedite the granting of tire purchase certifi cates since ration boards can use them in determining occupational needs As for the green stamps in ra tion book 4 you had better hang on to them because these are the future meat rationing stamps The green stamps originally were in tended to replace the blue stamps which became obsolete when canned goods rationing ended No more ration books will be printed OPA advised that air plane stamps for buying shoes also will be wisely used until it is determined how long shoe ration ing will continue Too Late Denver Colo notes of silly behavior A thief broke into a filling station Friday and took gas oline coupons for 60 gallons Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your Globe Gazette earner boy TROOPS ARE DEPLOYED IN THE PA i map shovvs wheve JaPanese troops are de ployed in the Pacific theater with boxes listing the num ber m various areas according to estimates of military authorities Japan m answer to General MacArthurs order calhng a conference in Manila said it would take as long as 12 days for the emperors cease fire order to reach scattered remnants of its armed forces AP wire pnoto K A engr See Reorganization in U S Foreign Service With Appqintment of Acheson ft i ftt Washington of Dean G Acheson to be the new undersecretary of state indicated Friday that a thorough reorgani zation of the U S foreign service may be in prospect Secretary of State James F Byrnes cast aside a usually fol lowed custom when he selected the 52 year old Acheson who is The attendant complied As thi not a career diplomat to be his motorist drove away the lull gas No 1 assistant in the conduct of anh unuse1 to tne strain dropped Id tnft foreign affairs Foreign service upon the under secretaryshlp as the top post for one of their ranks inasmuch as the secretary is a political appointee Acheson is known to believe that the foreign service needs some drastic reforms as well as a lot ol new personnel The promotion of Acheson from assistant secretary to undersecre tary to succeed Joseph C Grew resigned is the first in a number of toplevel changes that Byrnes is expected to make in the state de partment He is now studying a budget bureau recommendation for reorganization One of Byrnes major objectives is to create some system whereby the various departments and gov ernment agencies Involved in for eign affairs will have closer and better between the armed services and the state department President Truman accepted Grews resignation late Thursday days after Japans acceptance of the allied surrender terms It has been rumored but without confirmation that Grew will be appointed political adviser to Gen Douglas MacArthur in his post as supreme allied commander in Japan Grew was U S ambassador to Japan for 10 years prior to Pear Harbor Since his repatriation from internment he has been the state departments expert on Far Eastern affairs MAKE ARREST ON FOOTPRINT Fairfleld Iowa of a small barefoot print has led to the apprehension of 2 small boys who have confessed Sheriff Tom Howell said to damaging the inside of a Woolson Iowa home while the occupants were out of town Howell said the boys one 7 years old and one 8 had admitted splattering the walls both upstairs and downstairs with eggs break ing dishes tearing down curtains ripping op sheets and pillow cases upsetting and breaking furniture He said the damage was dis covered by its occupants Mr and Mrs Ben Young when they re turned from an outoftown trip No motive for the youngsters ac tion was divulged The boys were being held for juvenile court he said Too Much Trinidad Colo motorist drove into a filling station and ex ultantly told an attendant to fill er up The attendant complied As the to the pavement Youth Drowns in Winnebago at Fertile Nickerson 13 son of Mr and Mrs R R Nicker son living a mile and a half south drowned in the Winnebago river while swimming near the mill dam at 9 p m Thursday Up till a lafe hour Friday morn ing the hody had not been recov ered although a large number of searchers had worked all night Young Nickerson had been swimming in the river swollen by recent rains with Marvin Tib bets 15 son ot Mr and Mrs Wil liam Tibbets who live 2 miles south of Fertile The boys were diving from a board by the mill above the dam where the water is high and swift Gerald made a dive and in a few moments Marvin noticed he came up feet first and tumbled over the dam Marvjn ran down stream and tried to locate him but was unable to do so even though he plunged in to search at tte foot of the dam Marvin called for help and soon a considerable crowd was search ing the shore line for considerable distance downstream The river was so rough that older men dis suaded boys from diving in for the missing youth Officers stretched a net across the river farther downstream in an effort to catch the body if it should become loosened during dragging operations Lights were strung along the river so men could work all night but because of the swift current it was almost impossible to operate with boats Highway patrolmen from Ma son City assisted local officers in the search for the body Thief Has Too Much Reconversion Spirit Dallas Tex is carrying this reconversion thing a little too far one citizen reported Friday to police Mr and Mrs Ezell Foster said burglar evidently feminine left a complete wardrobe of work slacks and in their home Thursday night She left with a much snappier outfit a red and white dress blouse and suede slippers Petain Gets Life Sentence For Treason Paris De Gaulle Fri day commuted Marshal Petains death sentence to life imprison ment The action consisted of approv ing a statement the court wrote into its verdict which expressed the wish that the execution not be carried out MoreWartime Controls Are Wiped Out Washington Fri day entered its 3rd big postwar day with 1 More goods released for ci vilian use 2 More wartime controls wiped out 3 More men looking for jobs 4 The government striving to keep peace on the labor front This was the picture MORE army cut its coalorders and said the na tions coal problem is solved The sclid fuels administration flatly denied this But there was no doubt that the cut would help ci vilians The army also announced more meat is being released for civilians and it threw oh the market 10 000 jeeps and vast quantities of other articles It said too that re duced shipments should end rail road freight congestion immedi ately FEWER pe troleum administration said con trols over the oil industry will be removed fast and that the agency wU start Once The office of defense transpor tation abolished controls over taxicabs rental cars auto racing state and local fairs It also au thorized bigger conventions MOKE army an nounced it will bring frck from overseas 4000000 troops in months and will be releasing half a million a month by Jan 1 Wholesale canceling of war con tracts threw thousands out of work Friday The civil service commission announced it will ac cept federal job applications from veterans only INDUSTRIAL FEACE dent Truman asked labor and management to keep their no strike and nolockout pledges un til a new plan can be worked out at a labormanagement peace con ference this fall Mr Truman also announced that voluntary wage boosts will be permitted if they dont result in higher prices The war labor board will keep operating for a time and the president said he ex pects industry and labor to obey it But the board will start wind ing up its affairs soon after the autumn conference CIO President Phillip Murray indicated every major CIO union will ask for wage increases right away under the new policy Army officials announced re lease of 120 million tons of coal within the next 12 months saying this would solve the nations shortage of 25 million tons Abe Fortas acting as solid fuels administrator in the absence of Harold Jokes said that regardless of army actions the situation on anthracite used for heating homes in the east will not be sub stantially eased As for bituminous coal Fortas said the shortage was last esti mated at 43 million tons includ ing 6 million scheduled for ship ment to Europe He refused to say what the full effect of the arrays actions will be pending a new study of the coal situation The meat no longer needed by the army was to have been sent abroad as C rations The amount released was not specified Goods declared surplus by the army were valued at 000000 They include not1 only jeeps but razor blades pillows sheets towels steam shovels trains tractors barbed wire paper bags and spark plugs Army Cutback Improves Civilian Meat Problem Washington of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson said Friday that the armys 20 per cent cutback in food buying along with other factorswill substantial ly improve the civilian meat situ ation In announcing the food pur chase reduction the war depart ment explained Thursday that it was possible because the packing of canned field rations was being stopped VICTORY AND PEACE the Philippines visits with his old friend and faithful liber ator of the islands General Douglas MacArthur at Manila Accompanied by his entire cabinet Osmena extended con gratulations upon the successful conclusion of the war and MacArthurs appointment as boss of Japan ORDER MacArthur Rules No More Delays BULLETIN Manila Japanese government reacting quick y to a stern hurryup order from Gen Douglas MacArthur broadcast word Saturday Japanese time that its surrender envoy would fly to Manila for the armistice terms Sunday Japanese A brief message Hashed over the Tokyo radio and addressed directly to MacArthurs headquarters said the unidentified Japanese envoy had been selected and would leave Tokyo Sunday Further details will follow the broadcast said There was no immediate confirmation of the Japanese reply at MacArthurs headquarters By LEONARD MTLLISIAN Associated Press War Editor General MacArthur cracked down on Emperor Hirohito as 10 Japanese fighters attacked U S photographic planes over the Tokyo area Friday In the newest of a series of Nipponese post war at tacks 4 B32s photographing the Tokyo area were met by antiaircraft fire and 10 interceptors Two Japanese fighters were sent down smoking MacArthur flatly told the mikado to comply with U S directives without further delay His order interrupted a series of messages from Tokyo now in their 2nd day Because of Tokyos delays the scheduled surrender meeting in Manila has already been postponed Irom Thursday until probably sometime next week and bickering developed Friday as to whose armies were responsible for continued lighting in China Manchuria and Korea Emperor Hirohi to told his armed forces again that the war was over asked MacArthur to hurry up and tell the Russians the same thing while one the mikados Political Honeymoon Due lor Abrupt Ending Over Draft Act Continuance Washington honeymoon President Truman has enjoyed with congress may come to an abrupt end when the legislators reconvene next month Whether the legislative branch and the executive come to a part ing of the ways may depend large ly on Mr Trumans attitude to ward continuance of the draft act The law would cease to exist next May 15 Either the president or congress could end it sooner Congress could end it by adopt ing a joint resolution President Truman could end it by proclama tion There is strong sentiment in both senate and house to termi nate it promptly after congress convenes on Sept 5 Several termination measures are ready for introduction by various mem bers The presidents attitude is not yet known Many on capitol hill believe he would like to allow the law to run its course so that inductions on a sloweddown basis could continue furnishing replacements for men with long service records At his news conference Thurs day air Truman said it was up to congress But hesaid he saw no reason why many young fellows with out much else to do should not be used to relieve men on far away shores Many congressmen see no ob jection to that they feel that the replacements should be volunteers not inductees Con gress objected vigorously to low ering the draft age to 18 in the first place yielding only on the plea that it was essential to the war effort Whether Mr Truman will cross swords with congress on the sub ject of peacetime military train ing will depend on the nature of recommendations he said he would make soon The chief executive indicated he would recommend a postwar military training program which he emphasized would not be con scription Congress is in no mood to accept any form ot peacetime program calling for compulsory training under army supervision Bossie Takes Off for Celebration St Paul Minn Paul residents celebrating the Japa nese surrender who had cause to see pink elephants and Guernsey cows may actually have seen the cow The bovine fondly called Sun shine by her owner Mrs Frank Heintz Hazel street near upper Afton road Jeft her barnyard Tuesday evening when the sur render was announced and started downtown to join in the festivities Police reported she has neither been seen nor heard from since LTESJAROSH ACCIDENT VICTIM Mason Cityan Reported Killed in Oklahoma An automobile accident 3 miles north of Sapulpa Okla about a m Thursday claimed the life ot 2nd Lt Edward C Jarosh ac cording to word received here No details are available He is the son of Mr and Mrs John Jarosh 518 Oth S E Commissioned a 2nd lieutenant at Pampa army airfield Pampa Tex in February he was later LT E S JAROSH appointed instructor at that field Lt Jaiosh recently flew a B25 bomber over Mason City in a cross country flight from Pampa to Minneapolis A brother Pvt Donald Jarosh is stationed with the army anti aircraft in Mendenawak Charles City Oliver Plant Needs Men Charles City George Bird manager of the Oliver Corpora tion which has been making re verse gears for amphibious land ing craft stated that he momen tarily expects cancellation of the navy order but there would be few if any discharges The man ager stated that in fact the plant could use more men than its pres ent 1500 in the manufacture of farm tractors ft Little Steel Wage Setup Is Discarded Washington little steel wage formula went into the dis card for undetermined thousands of workers Friday One immediate result was to set the staje for a potential wide struggle among employers and unions whose contracts call for reopening of negotiations tlierc is a change in national wage policy President Truman announced the new policy late Thursday in a statement in which he also called upon labor to continue its wartime nostrike pledge The new wage stand authorizes the war labor board to permit voluntary wage increases without WLB approval so long as employ ers certify that such increases will not lead to price increases It alia authorizes the WLB to grant pay boosts in excess of the little steel formula in cases designed to cor rect maladjustments or inequities or to aid reconversion This would open the way for increases for untold thousands of workers pay during the war has been held to 15 per cent above January 1941 levels by the little steel measuring rod WLB has been receiving about 4500 applications for voluntary increases each less than one per cent of the employ ers seeking higher prices With the labor market fast loosening however the number of voluntary agreements is expected to drop considerably Mr Trumans new wage policy followed recommendations made by WLB public members several weeks ago Before the vhiie house an nouncement was issued Thursday CIO President Philip Murray told a new conference it was reason able to assume that major CIO unions would take immediate steps to reopen wage negotiations Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with casional thundershowers No decided change in temperatures Iowa Partly cloudy through Sat urday with scattered showers in extreme west Friday and Friday night and over north and west portions Saturday Warmer in north and east Friday and in cast Friday night Cooler in west Saturday afternoon cloudy Friday night and Saturday widely tory scattered showers Continued warm Friday night becomin cooler Saturday IN ftlASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 75 Minimum Thursday 60 At 8 a m Friday 63 Precip in Mason City 08 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 55 Precipitation 93 puppets stuck a thorn in the side of peace Tokyo admitted without apology that its bombers attacked 12 allied transports off Japan aft er the surrender and probably in flicted some damage Hirohitos spokesmen explained again that it takes time to stop the war machine that has been rolling for roughly a They asked MacArthur to keep afljed ships out of Nippons home waters a little longer and asked him for further clarification of his orders It was in response to this that MacArthur replied that the di rective from this headquarters is clear and explicit and is to be complied with without further delay The mikado and his henchmen did take their first notable series of steps toward actually ending hostilities Hirohito Issued an imperial re script to cease fire augmenting his previous order to the same effect He dispatched members of his household in 3 aerial parties to tell risingsun troops in Man churia China and the southern areas to lay down their arms In his first official act as pre mier Gen Prince Naruhito HigashiKuni ordered the army to comply in profound with the order to cease fire and return to peace Gen Yashuji Okamura reportedly issued the same directive to Nipponese troops in China at dawn Friday Tokyo announced the begin ning ot the voluntary disinte gration of the mikados warbuilt empire announcing that Portu gese Timor would be returned to Portugal at Lisbons recmest A short time later the govern ment controlled Domei News agency announced that the pup pel kingdom of Viet Nam in Indo China planncil to defend its in dependence Viet Nam was the French protectorate nf Annanv Major postwar difficulty out side Japan itself loomed current ly in China Credible reports said Japanese puppet troops in Shang hai and Nanking had gone over to Generalissimo Chinng Kai Shek giving him the edge over Chinese communists in the race for thesekey north China cities Shanghai will be the head quarters for u S forces in China Mao Tze Tung communist leader was reported to have de clined Chiangs invitation to a unit conference The same sources understood Maj Gen Patrick J Hurley U S ambassador would fly to Yenan to try to get Mao to reconsider On Japans home front Vice Adm Tajikiro Onishi vice chief of the naval general staff com mitted suicide in atonement to suicide airmen who fell gallant y as human bullets in the be lief they would help bring vic 2 Firms Study Use of Des Moines Ordnance Plant for Industry Des Moines for purchase or lease of the Des Moines ordnance plant site in clude 2 firms which build pre fabricated farm buildings John D Adams secretary of the Chamber of Commerce reported Thursday ;