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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AtL NORTH IOWANS NtlGHIORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PBrSS ANE NITOn PRESS FUU LEASED HOME EDITION TTTTTTl FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 171943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OFTWO SECTIONS ALLIES CAPTURE MESSINA Exposed Area of Italy THINK F R TO Rickenbacker Nazis Wont BE GUEST FOR QUEBEC DINNER Conference Method Is Believed Designed to Make Axu Nervous By DOUGLAS B CORNELL QUEBEC Earl of Alhlone Canadas governor gen eral and Princess Alice arrived here Tuesday from Ottawa for a oneday stay in the citadel and will entertain Tuesday night at a dinner at which it was believed President Roosevelt would be a guest The foregoing passed Canadian censorship The Quebec war conference entered its second week Tues day amid strong indications that the unique manner in which it has been handled has been de signed deliberately to intensify axis nervousness over the major military developments pre dicted by President Roosevelt Meanwhile Dana Doten repre senting the office of war infor mation at the war councils here described the Quebec conference as one of the greatest gatherings of military experts ever held addition to the highest rank ing military officials of the United States and Great Britain he said the officers directly re sponsible for the practical plan ning of major allied operations have been brought together It has been obvious all along Doten said that these planners have been here Probably most of their names never will be re leased so as to avoid any dis closeuvcs which might be useful to the enemy Don Iddon London Daily Mail correspondent suggested in a dis patch from Quebec that Gen Dwight D Eisenhower may at tend the meeting and added that he might already be in Canada though he said this could not be confirmed There is a growing impres sion in Quebec that allied leaders and the military staff are waiting for something and just President Roosevelt Iddon wrote It may be they are wait ing for In previous meetings of the two united nations leaders starting with the one two years ago at which they formulated the Atlantic charier secrecy has been the rule There were no advance and strict censorship control pre vailed But this lime the entire pattern was coming across the His arrival in Quebec was an nounced The press was allowed mind waarssSS Declares Italy Being Out Hints at Shock This Winter NEW YORK Eddie Hickertbackcr home from a 55 000mile inspection tour of the war zones said Tuesday that Italy is being bombed out of the war but that Germany will not even crack before the fall of 1944 at the best at the present rate of the wars progress Germany still has a vast army tons of materials million engaged in slave labor and she is relieving men from her own forces for additional labor and in addition the Germans are courageous and Intelligent he said at a press conference am not a fanatic on airpow er but I firmly believe that Ger many must be broken from the inside out not from the outside in He said anything can happen in day I think it will be a complete blowup Rickenbacker expressed belief that except for air power the al lies would be unable to capture Italy and predicted an immediate crumbling within Italy as a result of bombings He said that the Germans might make a stand at the Po river but that if allied air bases could be operated from northern Italy we can get in the back door of Ger Its a question of morale he said the same as in Hamburg The bombing of Hamburg is something no people on earth can people on earth includ ing ourselves Rickenbacker pre dicted use of airpowcr would eventually bring a crackup in German morale The famous flyer who rep resented Secretary of War Stim son on his battlefront lour but who said he spoke as a private citizen predicted that some thing K coming this winter that will shock the sooner He decline to elaborate In a formal statement he said it would take at least a year after the fall of Germany to defeat an other savage and treacherous enemy in the Pacific and added only a miracle can bring vic tory sooner But Rickenbacker added I have confidence in the pos sibility of that miracle and the accomplishment of that miracle of every American man and child and your faith in God Rickenbacker who made his tour for Secretary of War Stimson but made clear he was speaking as a private citizen asserted that if Mr Stalin has not seen til or considered it ad Russian soklieis and their com manding officers Rickenbacker praised he Stormovik Russian tankbusting airplane which he said U op erated just like a dive bomber but always below 500 feet al titude and dwelt at length on the Russian system of speeding up war production through in centive payments AH employed in all plants in Russia are on the incentive plan with all a minimum base wage for he said For quality and quantify they are paid in addi tional wages first ami for out standing effort on the part of em ployes additional quantity and quality of food is added to the in creased wages There is no absenteeism prob lem he said explaining tardy workmen were first reprimanded then suffered reduced wages and food allowances and finally in flagrant cases were discharged Rickenbacker also reported Bolshevism in Russia is not as we have been led to believe by communistic enthusiasts in this country They have been con stantly turning to the risrtit as evi dence in many wars during the past 12 months7 Regarding Premier Stalins ab sence from conferences between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Rickenbacker am certain if our frontiers were pushed back to Cleveland Pittsburgh and Atlanta in the east and back to Spokane Salt Lake City and Tucson in the west with the enemy holding both coasts with many of our large cities de a loss of better than four and onehalt million battle casualties and a loa of twelve to fifteen million men women and children in the occupied areas from starvation and disease that our president would feel the same as Mr Stalin probably does No News About Kiska Is Good News Says Navy Secretary Knox WASHINGTON Secretary Knox said Tuesday of the navys prolonged silejjce on operations against Kiska island No news is good news There has been no announced action against Kiska since July n 6 navy secretory of information about an island on which announcements previously had been made almost daily he first said that he presumed bud in 01 considerec Churchill must beat of a UUI1 utit ucie i confer with British staff chiefs Censorship restrictions on movements of the chief executive were lifted to permit advance dis closure that he was coming here for the war parleys This was the first time since the United Snakes went to war that such lib erty had been allowed the press Thc policy apparently has been one of encouraging all sorts of speculation on what was going on in this ancient provincial capital and on what was likely to occur Loot Suit Worn by Man Nabbed 28 Times j on Theft Charges ish better Consequently he said let us keep an open mind Let OUr treat leaden if necessary in cluding our president and Mr Churchill visit Sir Slalm with the hope of a more complete and better understand only during Jhe war but for the postwar period nell as It is my conviction we will need them ana they will need us to preserve world peace and eliminate the pos sibility of a third world war within the next 23Tyears the 28 he NEW YORK loot suit David Hauser arrested times as a pickpocket so scribed his costume when ne pleaded guilty to a petty larceny charge It had widewaisted trousers with snug cuffs that prevented stolen articles from slipping out Hauser was accused of attempting to steal furs from a wholesale shop by hiding them in his trousers tail Rickenbacker described in de il what he saw on his lalest world trip starting from Miami Fla last April 29 He said the experience level of German fighter pilots on the Rus sian front had shown a decided decline in the last sixmonths and the best German pilots had been withdrawn from the Russian front to combat the English and Americans in the west Rickenbacker said the Russian pilots were enthusiastic over the American types of planes Everywhere he said was found the passionate conviction of ultimate victory on the part of Rested that warships which bom barded the island several rimes during July should be able to op erate regardless of the weather Knox grinned and said Well you know the old news is good news TURIN HEAVILY BOMBED BUST EUROPE BY DAY Large Formations Roar Out to Continue Great Aerial Offensive LONDON forma tions of allied many twinengined American at western Europe by daylight Tuesday after the RAFs big bombers had ham mered Turin in their third suc cessive night assault on northern Italy Reports from the British southeast coast said that squad ron after squadron of planes headed out across Dover strait in midmorning to continue a great offensive which has been under way for nearly 48 hours with only minor interruptions The RAF attack on Turin Mon day night represented the fourth raid on northern Italy in five nights The Turin show cost the British four bombers Turin got what was officially called a well concentrated at meant that many tons of explosives fell upon it although perhaps not with such a paralyzing effect as in the recent raids on Milan Axis troops using the main Mont Cenis railway route must pass through Turin going north British fighter planes simul taneously attacked nazi air dromes and communications in France and the lowlands and destroyed one enemy bomber over its base The three previous assaults on north Italy all were directed against the industrial center of Milan which was reported jn ruins as a result ot the repeated concentrated bombings Milan apparently expecting another bombardment had an alert again last night as the British raiders struck at Turin Swiss radio rc porls said but it proved a false alarm Londoners were treated to a rare sight Monday night as the fleets of British bombers setting out on their mission flew direct ly over the course they seldom fake Thousands in the slieets cheered as the big planes roared over one of the bombers signalling by flash ing its cabin lights in the V for xictory dots and a the way across the city Minor enemy aerial activity meanwhile was reported over the Thames estuary and a few bombs were scattered along lln coast Only one fatality and slight damage ivas reported however Soldier Gets His Smokes ABILENE Tex UR When area However emplojes of the local CocaCola uv nit kucauoia suuncicci soon atlerxvard company bought cigavets for men Londons first night alert overseas they said they hoped the July 29 smokes went to somebody they sounded soon afterward It Monday flying fortresses and vvr Jvtcuijvv iimv ivivnutiv nyins inrl knew Shortly afterward they re marauders swept over France dur ceived a letter from one ot their ting daylight hours blastine form former fellow workers he liadiBourgel Pariss been given he cigarels on a ship where Charles bound for rsorth Africa SOLOMON ISLANDS Arrow points on the above map to Vella Lavella island which Americans have captured in their rioitlnvarci thrust after taking Rnndova A and Mutulv Vella Lavella in Northern Solomons Taken by Americans Surprise Invasion Is Made 34 Jap Panes Downed in Operations Yanks Smash Last of Lingering Resistance in Hand to Hand Fights liy HELMAN MORIN ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP The American seventh army surged into Messina Tuesday writing a spectacular finish to the 38 clay campaign in Sicily Ross Mttnro Canadian piess war correspondent with the British eighth army in dispatch from the front Tuesday said the bombbattered city ol Messina has The German radio declared the last German and Ital ian soldiers had been evacuated to the mainland In the scarred streets of the sprawling hillside port of Messina invincible doughboys of the American third division smashed at lingeringenemy resistance In handtohand fighting after reachingthe outskirts at 8 oclock Monday night They were the first to reach the city but eight miles to Uie south British commandos after a devil maycare landing from the sea MEDITERRANEAN DOOR WIDE OPEN Sicily Entering Wedge Into European Fortress By RELMAV ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA wedgeshaped islnml of Sicily is the entering wedge driven into the fortress ot Europe Tactically the Mediterranean doors are wide open now With the complete occupation of Sicily whkh wont take many more hours the allies possess a big advance base from which they into the Italian off Sardinia and can hop over mainland nip Corsica or immobilize soutbern Italy while Greece is retaken The possibilities for the next move are virtually unlimited The Sicilian harbors of Palermo Catania Augusta and Syracuse are fully capable oE accommodat ing the huge fleet necessary for another operation But thats one advantage in having accumulation of allied shipping there wouldnt necessarily mean the main thrust wns coming from there It might disguise an expedition moving out from Tunisia toward Corsica Sardinia or even southern France Or it might mask one as sembling in Ihc middle cast and aimed at the Balkans Our posses sion of Sicily automatically re doubles the axis problem of know Airfields in South Italy Are Bombed irum inc sea m CAIRO formations defiance of the enemys guns on of United States liberators bombed both sides of the strait had cleared By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American seaborne forces sharply imperilled Japans last major strongholds in the Solomon islands Tuesday as Gen Douglas MacArthur disclosed thai U S troops had captured Vella Lavella island 50 miles northwest of fallen ATuncln in a surprise invasion on Sunday Vella Lavella lies in the heart of the enemys northern Sol omon defenses only 70 miles below the Japanese network of six air bases on and around Bougainville at the upper tip of the BOO mile lone archi The coup not only threatened Bougainville bul jeopardized the Japanese bastion hi Vila on Kol ombangara island immediately above Munda Japanese garrisons on four intervening islands be tween Kolombaneara and Vella Lavella were in danger of being starved out through lack of com munications A communique said 34 Japnnesc planes were shot down during the landing on Vella Lavella Two U S planes were lost Imperial Tokyo headquarters asserted without confirmation that Japanese uava nir units sank airfields at Foggia in south ern Italy Monday and shot down 43 enemy fighters which at tempted to intercept them n mid dle east air communique an nounced Tuesday Eight United States planes are missing from the days operations which included attacks on the landing ground at Tortorella and San Nicola in southern Italy the communique said The landing ground at Torfor ell1 wns heavily spread with bombs several large fires were started and railway lines along side were hit the announcemeni id Similar results were obtained at San Nicola where workshops administration buildings and liv ing quarters were damaged Nearly inn enemy lighters bat tled the raiders the communique said ing whcic to commit their main forces on the shores or the Mecli Just before midnight an air rate tcrrancan sounded in London and the from the standpoint of logistics sound of gunfire was heard from an invasion of the Italian loe outlyme districts of the London Pears the most feasible of any of area H the allclear these possible operations Large was ships are hardly necessary to ferry troops and equipment across the two mile wide Messina strait Air Kxnrcss at New Hieh s n LAGUARDIA FIELD N y main airport More than pounds Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued coo Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IOWA Continued cool Tuesday afternoon and night SlighJy wavmer by Wednesday noon MINNESOTA Continued cool Tuesday night rising tempera ture Wednesday forenoon Light frost exposed low places cast and south portion Tuesday night Broadcast authorized IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 63 Minimum Monday night 47 At 8 a m Tuesday iS YEAR AGO Maximum 7fi Minimum 55 Precipitation 01 A Lindbergh landed at the end of his transAt lantic flight in 1027 Six other na7iheld fields in France and the big steel and engineering works at Ocnain near Valenciennes tell J the weight of allied bombs Fires and explosions were observed at the latter targel A communique reported M enemy planes destroyed with 20 allied planes missing 1 t Thunderbolts of the eighth air force hit the Paris area hard knocking down 17 German fight ers in dog fights over the city while the fortresses and other al lied bombers recounted for the rest of the allied score Opposition over Paris was the most violent of the day The Ger man controlled Vichy radio said 180 persons were killed in the northeast and southeast suburbs of Pans by several squadrons of AngloAmerican bombers which atacked in three waves for half an hour Lc Bnurgel is less than seven miles from thr heart of Paris air express have funnclcd through this field since lie be ginning oi the year it has been reported by the Railway Express company This figure is 4Re per cent higher than the sixmonth figure in 1942 four large American transports two cruisers n destroyer and i landing boat off the island anc shot down 28 plants On thf Guinea front teneral MacArthitrs headquar ters announced Australian jungle fighters ivipcd nut Japa nese forces at TambBay only six miles south of the enemy air at Salamaua killinc at least 200 Janxnese I U S fighter planes intercepted a force of 25 Japanese dive bomb ers over the New Guinea battle area and shot down at least 12 at a cost of only one plane whtlr range U S liberators again flew 2500 miles round trip to blast the BULLETINS OTTAWA Tile Home radio said Tuesday that a large allied invasion fleet had been sighted off Catania on the east coast of Sicily Invasion harxes were declared laden with troops and tanks The report recorded by the Canadian Broadcasting company was not confirmed by any allied source LONDON Swiss radio said Tuesday that American fly ing fortresses raided the German city of Kriedrichshafen by day light md thai violent anliair fire was seen from tiie Swiss j side of Lake Constance cast recorded by The Associated Press said two of the fortresses made a forced landing in Switzer land STOCKHOLM Bitter public reaction to the latest German moves in Norway swept Sweden Tuesday anil broke out in violence Stock holm the windows of the German tourist agency in the Kunesgatan were smashed Meanwhile Oslo reports said thousands of Norwccian police men were inducted into the armed forces under a decree uitdi me miner a nccrcc enemy oil port of Balikpapan in signed by Premier VirtUnn Qiiis I h D y n the Burma front allied orders from German IitlB ie orers rom erman oc Planes continued their punishing I lion authorities haunted attatks on Japanese troop conccn nrtcr direct occiipa liy Iralions river shipping and other targets Tins city s circular harbor open on the north side onlv is formed by a strip of land curved like a sickle which gave the city its name Messinas population is 192 051 fears of an allied invasion ALLIED HEADQUAKTKUS NORTH AFRICA axis lost nearly 2000 airplanes in a futile attempt to defend Sicily lie northwest African air forces dis closed Tuesday night as Die cam paign drew to an end DIES OF PARALYSIS MUSCAT1NE IP William Schreurs 20 died after being briefly ill of infantile paralysis His is the first death in an epi demic which has sent eight vesiI dents of the area in the University hospital at Iowa City for treat ment COMMANDS SIOUX CITY BASK SIOUX CITY John L Eaton has assumed command of the Sioux Cily army air base suc ceeding Maj Charles K Tow the way fur the approach of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys Brit ish eighth army American long Tom artillery had already opened fire on the enemy in Italy across the two milewide strait Fearful ol immediate allied amphibians attacks against the exposed Italian loe axis forces were observed carrying out de molitions in the Calabria region across Ihc narrow waters This first indication ot a pos sible enemy withdrawal op the Italian peninsula came as British naval batteries buifl a wall of gun fire around the foot of Italy to within 100 miles of Naples The complete occupation of Sic ily the entering in the fortress of Europe was only a matter of hours as the Americans on the cast coast of the island wiped up hapless Italian forces left stranded by their German allies Already their American 15 milliniclcr long Tom artillery had shelled the enemy on the Italian mainland said dis patches from the front The American third division in which Gen Dwight D Eisenhow or once commanded a regiment reached the outskirts of the city about 8 p m Monday then stormed into the city Tuesday morning This was the division which was first into Palermo Meanwhile a vanguard of the British eighth army forced to deal with greater demolitions and to set back a strong enemy coun terattack had leapfrogged In a point eight miles south of Mcs sina by staging a commando Innd The main force an allied headquarters communique sasci was at Santa Teresa di Riva approximately 20 miles south of Messina The German radio in a broad cast recorded in London already had conceded the fall of Sicily It said German and Italian troops had been evacuated from Sicily with all their equipment to the last machincgun after de struction of all military installa tions and harbor works at Mes sina only all wounded but also several thousand of British American and Canadian prison ers o wir were brought to the mainland it said Mnj Gen Hubc was said to have been the German general in Sicily Although admitting that the withdrawal was carried out in the course of heavy ficMing Ihc Germans pictured the evac uation as a first class achieve uhicli hail concluded the ficrlit for one outpost of Thc lightning advance of the Americans H miles from Messina Monday too was facilitated by a senborne landing This latest landing of amphibious troops by the U S navy the fourth such at tack in he last 10 days was near Milazzn and was carried out Mon day morning without great diffi cully ;