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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C E P A R T E ti T C MI3T 0 Y Lt i i i N C C M P THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIKES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 17 1942 THIS IAPiat CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 265 CHURCHILL STALIN MAP STRATEGY n n W A n n n British Prime Ministers Secret Trip to Moscow Is Revealed CONTROL IN SEA LANES AT STAKE AS SHIPS FIGHT American Marines Reported Consolidating Positions on Islands GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia Ufi American marines were reported steadily consolidating their Solo mon islands positions Monday and it was believed a series of naval engagements rivaling those of Coral sea and Midway still were in progress At stake in Hie naval warfare is control or the seas off north east Australia en which de pends the ability of the allies to maintain the necessary flow of seaborne supplies to the fighting Americans in the Solomons Some experts believed that when the full story of the naval engagements becomes known it will rank as more important than cither the Coral sea or Midway battles as a test of naval power in the southwest Pacific An Auckland dispatch reported tliat landfighting in the Solomons had developed into a knockdown dragout encounter but doubted that reports of the capture of thousands of Japanese prison ers were correct Auckland quar ters tended to minimize the extent naval engagements fought thus far It was noted here that if the allies are to maintain and develop the Solomon islands positions an offensive base for a pincers at task on Rabaul they must control the sea lanes leading northeast from Australia W The Japanese command has had the advantage of operating on an interior line of communi cations from the north which Rave them a marked initial ad vantage This was believed to account for the delay the Ameri can forces have encountered in narrowine the extended Japa nese tentacle into the Solomons An additional Japanese advan tage was the fact thnt the Japa nese are not being pressed on any other front and thus are able to concentrate their forces to parry the Solomon islands attack The Japanese it was reported have thrown in naval forces against the American marines and were said to be showing determin ation iu contesting every foot of ground in the islands It was believed that the ma rines had a firm hold on the Tulagi area in the southern Solomons including Tulagi the swampy shore of Florida the atolls of Ga vutu and Makarnbo off the Florida shore probably the Kukum air base on Guadalcanal island and possibly a beachhead on Malatai island cast ot Florida There were indications that the navy supporting the marines was now able to base seaplanes if not land planes in the Tulagi area But there were indications also that the Japanese in a des perate attempt to draw atten tion from the successful marine landing in the Solomons and if possible lo divert strength from the area miffhl he girding for a drive on Port Moresby the al lied base on the south coast of New Guinea and that they miijht even try a land attack on Darwin the chief allied base in northern Australia General Douglas MacArihurs southern Pacific communique in dicated that the allied forces in the New Guinea interior had again been driven back from the Kokoda fl3ring field 55 miles from Port Moresby and were holding the 8000 foot pass in the Owen Stanley mountains against an ex pected Japanese assault Persistent allied attack on DutchPortuguese Timor indicat ed that MacArthur suspected that the Japanese were concentrating forces there for a possible diver sional attack on northern Aus tralia which would change the en tiro strategic picture in the south west Pacific AlacArthurs medium bomb planes made their fifth big raid in seven days Sunday on the Timor area attacking an enemy occupied town on the southeast coast and puttinjr all their bombs in the target area A hi fire was started before the allied planes returned un Where Americans Have Launched Offensive Palms line this street in Tulagi capital of the Solomon islands where Japs bitterly resisted an American attack Success for the U S forces will give access to Tulagis harbor host fleet anchorage Ucr heavy antiaircraft fire without loss It was reported that allied troops including sturdy Dutch men Netherlands Indies natives and Australians were still offer ing organized resistance to the Japanese in Timor Of the Kokoda situation on New Guinea MacArthurs com munique said Patrol skirmishes continue be tween small enemy forces and our out guard elements beyond the barrier line of the Owen Stanley range The barrier line is the pass be tween Kokoda on the north side f the mountains and Port Mores by on the south side Previously Australian troops had retaken the rCokoda Hying field and were fighting there The London News Chronicle in a dispatch dated from an ad anced base reported that losses which might fairly be described as terrific had been suffered by American parachute troops in proportion to the number of men engaged The dispatch quoted an authorized report from a south Pacific base but there was noth ing to substantiate it There had been only unofficial reports that parachutists were used at all The News Chronicle Hie navy department had im the marines had won llicir beachheads and said that Hie cost of winning more ground would inevitably be as heavy The dispatch insinuated that the Solomons operation had been plannedfor a later date and that recent Japanese activity might have precipitated it earlier The dispatch generously conceded that mistakes would be inevi table in such an operation Correspondent Sees Allied Victory in Solomons Clash Believes Battles Won With Land Sea and Airplane Operations LIGHT CRAFT CLASH IN STRAIT LONDON light German patrol boat sunk and three others were severely damaged in a spirited clash with British light coastal craft in the Straits of Dov er Sunday night the admiralty announced Monday All the British craft engaged in the clash returned to their base but there wrere a few casualties aboard the admiralty said The German force consisted of or six enemy Rboals the communique said LONDON Speight the London Stars correspondent in Sydney Australia said Monday that despite the cautious tone of united nations communiques it stems clear the allies have already won in land sea and air operations in the Solomons the greatest vic tory yet achieved against the Jap anese Attributing Washington reluc tance to give details on the Solo mons action to security reasons Speight said it was reasonable to assume that the U S marines have achieved their major initial 1 objectives Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Slowly rising tem peratures M o n d a y afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IOWA Somewhat warmer Mon day afternoon through Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Somewhat warmer M o n d a y afternoon through Tuesday forenoon IN aiASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 76 Minimum Sunday night 55 At 8 a m Monday 61 Rain 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 60 25 V7 48 85 50 Governor Is Speaker at Rotary Club Faith in the people of Iowa lo meet the demands thrust on them by the war was expressed by Gov George A Wilson in a talk to the Rotary club Monday noon at the Hotel Hanford Iowa is and has been long well prepared for whatever emergency may he said Iowas great asset is its commu nity spirit he stressed The fine qualities developed in the build ing of the community are trans cendant in the development of the slate and nation Iowa communi ties he said were fortunate in be ing well organized in coopera tive effort before the war so that they were able to fall in line with the war effort easily He praised the quick and ready response of industry to the demand for full production both in field and ma chine shop V Today most important he said is lo win the war that has been thrust upon us and to avenge the dragging in the dust of the Star Spangled Banner At the final peace right and justice not might will rule Governor Wilson concluded by paying that the final peace treaty must be headed by the words This is the last war Then he said the doctrine of the father hood of God and the brotherhood of man will be in operation1 Guests of the Rotarians at the meeting were 69 members of the Kiwanis and Lions clubs and the Cerro Gordo Bar association Roy Bailey Lions president Evron Karges of the Kiwanis club and Charles Barlow of the bar associa tion Governor Wilson was introduced by Frank Curric after group sing ing led by Charles Ncvcln bor and of the big Guadalcanal island This has apparently been done by seizing control of Tulagi liar air base on which was nearly ready for use by the Jap anese when it was taken he said When American and Australian fighting planes are able to op erate from that field in substan tial numbers the Japanese wil have lost all chance of driving them from the island he asserted That stage may be very he added DRIVE OF ON DON BEND IS AT FULL FORCE Russians Blast Maikop Oil Fields to Ruins Before German Advance MOSCOW The German ffcnsive in the Don bend flared o full forceMonday in i power ill new drive toward Stalingrad vhile in the Caucasus the Rus iuns fell back from the ruins of he Maikop oil fields toward their icxt petroleum producing area at Grozny A Russian communique reported terrific toll o new nazi man lower and material thrown into he assault southeast of Klctskaya md northeast of Kotclnikovski against the flanks of the fortified ine guarding Stalingrad Date for 2nd Front Has Been Set LONDON unnouncc nent that definite decisions hud jcen reached at Prime Minister Churchills conference with Prc nier Stalin in Moscow was re arded in London Monday as evi dence that the soviet union Brit ain and the United States had reached a definite formula on how LO beat the axis and when lo open a second front INSANE CONVICT MAKES ESCAPE Dangerous Man Slips Down Bedsheet Rope a Independence Hospital DES MOINES ii sane convict who went to priso 1928 following a gun battle in which he wounded a Crawford county Iowa sheriff escaped Monday from the Iowa state hos pital at Independence the board of control reported The man Eugene Glasgow 4 Horlon N Dak managed to make his way to the roof of a building about midnight and slid down a rope of bedsheets to freedom the board said Officers described as dangerous Glasgow was shot and serious ly wounded March 3 1928 in the gun fight at Denistn in which Sheriff A C Greene xvas wounded in the head and another man companion at was fa tally hurt near SENTENCED FOR MURDER CHICAGO Harriett Tracy 72 was sentenced Monday i to 11 years in prison on a rharge of murdering Morris DC Young iGG Are YOU Doing Your Part Ccrro Gordo county is 5872920 behind on its war bond quota in the American Way pledge campaign What is your answer to this Have you pledged an amount in keeping with your income for 1942 Do you want inflation Do you want to win the war Just how patriotic are you Investment in the worlds greatest security war bonds is a measure of patriotism today Pledge to buy See your minuteman and fill out a pledge Visit the county headquarters and make a new additional pledge Cerro Gordo county must be on the U S treasury department honor roll by Aug 31 SEE REPORT ON PAGE R Baltlefront dispatches said the Germans rolled forward at tremendous cost in the Klels kaya salient 75 miles northwest of Stalingrad but were held firmly al the Koteinikovski flank 95 miles soutlvwcst of Stalingrad In the Caucasus extending axis lines appeared checked on the Krasnodar flank where the Ger mans arc thrusting toward the port of Novorossisk but they stretched ever farther to the southeast along the rail and oil pipe line toward Grozny and the The Russians reported fighting southeast of Mineralnye Vody 140 miles from Grozny In acknowledging the loss ot Maikop they said that the valu able oil installations of thai area which produced seven per cent ot Russias petroleum had been blasted lo The German fascists who ex pected with the capture of Mai kop lo enrich themselves al the expense of soviet oil have mis calculated the communique said They did not gel soviet oil and will not get it The Russians had plenty of lime to destroy Ihe oil installa tions at Maikop and an official announcement that oil supplies had been removed and oil es tablishments themselves made c n m n I c I c 1 y umiscablc was taken here to mean that a typi cally thorough job of destruc tion had been performed The Germans claimed the canture of Maikop Aug 9 The great weight of numerica superiority especially in mechan ized equipment was giving the German drive toward Grozny its impetus as the red army con tinued to fall bad to new line southeast of Mineralnyc Vocly HO milcs from Grozny There no indication of a stiffening of resistance although the midnight said the soviet for ces retreated to new positions and continued fighting At Krasnodar north of Mai kop and CO miles northeast of President Roosevelt and Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek were informed daily of the de cisions il was disclosed The Moscow conference which W A Harriman attended as President Roosevelts represen tative following a scries of meet ings in London of United States British and Russian military and government leaders The belief was expressed that the possibility of an attack on Si beria by Japan also was discussed However it was noted thai the joint announcement specifically referred to Hitlerite Germany and her associates in Europe lending emphasis again to Rus sias position as signer of a non belligerent pact with Japan Meanwhile speculation on what the United States and Britain might have undertaken lo do to aid Russia ranged here around hrec possible moves of Norway to safe guard tiic Murmansk supply rente and establish a common front with Russia in the north of air attacks Germany to cripple her war pro duction while at the same time building up the flow of supplies to Russia by all routes of Europe in series of operations from Norway U S AVIATORS TAKE PARTY ON VISIT TO REDS Secret Decisions on Stopping and Defeating Germans Are Reached MOSCOW CAP Prime Minister Churchill of Britain lias concluded a fourclay trip to Moscow in which lie and Joseph Stalin reached secret ledsioiis in conjunction with United States statesmen on defeating the generals and stopping and Germans it the Black sea vorossisk the they repulsed naval base of No Russians reported heavy attacks by German tanks and infantry kill ing1 more than 300 Germans The red armys most critical front scmcd to be that in the Don bend northwest of Stalingrad especially in the Klctskaya sec tor where the Germans were ap plying extreme pressure night and day in an effort to reach the im portant industrial and strategic center of Stalingrad on the Volga to Italy to case the strain on the red army The presence of both Gen Sir Ainu Francis Brooke chief of the British imperial general staff and Gen Sir Archibald P Wavcll British commander in India in dicated extraordinary scope to the military side of the Moscow con ferences Brooke is commander of the British home army which would spearhead any allied invasion ot the continent while Wavcll in India guards the last main allied bastion separating the opposite ends of he Japanese in Burma and the Germans in the Caucasus Wavell predicted last Novem ber thnt the Caucasus and Iran might vcll be the main theater of the war this year when and if the Germans struck out for oil There have Iiccn persistent reportsof the presence of in creasing numbers of British am United States forces and supplies in India Iraq and Iran ff What Churchill and Roosevelt ialked about and decided at their meeting no doubt was dis cussed fully with Stalin and it was the basis of what the United States md Britain can offer Russia in the way of war material or diver sionary action that the decisions in Moscow were reached Vyacheslav Molotov who visit ed the United States after coming to London to sign the AngloRti sian mutual assistance pact June 11 undoubtedly prepared the way for the Moscow meeting was disclosed officially Mon day American pilots flew the prime minister and his Anylo American party of 20 to Moscow in three big Consolidated Liber ator B2J bombers They arrived on the afternoon of Autf 12 and departed Sun day morning Comiminiiiucs issued here and in London Monday after noon following Churchills departure from soviet soil said that the conferences had resulted in a number ot decisions on the conduct of the war and that the existing understandings between Russia Great Britain and the United States had been reaffirmed in an atmosphere of cordiality and complete sincer A source close to the British prime minister when asked what the conferences were about re plied Any child in the street should know the answer to that The fact that the U S Britain and Russia were in agreement on the urgency of establishing a sec ond front in Europe this year was announced this spring following soviet Commissar Mololovs trips to both London and Washington Y V Twenty persons including six Americans were in the Churchill parly mi Ibis firsl journey by a Rrilish prime min ister lo the soviet union They included General Sir Archibald P Wavell the British commandcrinchicf in India and Major General Russell P Max well U S commander in the middle cast The communique after listing the participants in thr confer ences thus summed up the rc ults A number of decisions were reached covering the field uf llic war against Hitlerite Germany and her Europe This jusl war of liberation both gov ernments arc determined to carry on with all their power and en ergy until complete destruction of Hitlerism and any similar tryanny has been achieved WONT SEEK REELECTION WASHINGTON V Senator Norris IndNebr reiterated Monday his determination not to seek reelection despite a plea in the senate by Senator Lucas D 111 that he announce his candi dacy for another term The discussions which were carried on in an atmosphere of cordiality and complete sincer ity provided an opportunity of reaffirming the existence of close friendship and under standing between the soviet union Great ISrilain and thr United States of America in entire accordance with the allied Among Those Who Attended Conferences in Moscow PRDIE MINISTER CHURCHILL k FREMIER JOSEPH STALIN BRIG R P MAXWELL SIR ARCHIBALD WAVELL AVEKELL HAKRIMAN ;