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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 16, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LIV This Paper Consists of Two Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A Political Platform Should Say Something MY previous commentaries 1 having to do with the 2 major political party conventions which T attended in the role of reporter Ive dropped more than a veiled suggestion that I held convention oratory in rather low esteem The 2 weeklong doses of it really left me with an unprece dented appreciation of silence Hearing one speaker after another drone out the praises of his party none of them admitting any devia tions from perfection was ust about more than I could take About the only thing I can think of thats more meaningless than a convention speech is a party platform In the past 20 years Ive seen an even dozen ol these platforms being built When I venture the opinion that neither the material nor the workmanship is good Im not guessing Viewed as a Springboard The fundamental reason for this is that the ordinary politician regards a party platform as a campaign springboard rather than a set of principles upon which to stand Whereas the question uppermost In the minds of platform carpen ters ought to be Whats good for America and for the world it actually is I wonder how we can get the most votes In Websters dictionary theres a word which can be applied with special pertinence to political platforms That word is obfus cate and it means to darken or to render obscure Thats what platform builders do and they use words to attain their objective Tweedledee and Tweedledum Carried to a logical conclusion such an approach inevitably leads to a pair of platforms about as nearly alike in true meaning if such a term is permissible as Tweedledum and Tweedledee Thats true this year with re spect to the republican and the democratic platforms so far as fundamental issues are concerned If voters were seeking a true choice or alternative they would have no other course than to turn to the procommunist platform whittled out by the Wallaceites Both platforms ask for a tax re duction for an extension of social security for civil rights for ail citizens Both decry high prices end blame the Both prom ise more housing aid for agricul ture aid for veterans recognition of Israel restraints against com munism etc Please None Republicans refer to the Taft Hartley labor act as a sensible reform democrats call it a fail ure and ask repeal this is so typical of platform buildin TaftHartley law in con gress had a majority backing from democrats as well as from republicans And so it goes clear on down the list The formula is to wore the planks in such a way tha they will give offense to nobody Its a wateringdown process anc the end result is something les nutritious than skim milk One and only one speaker a the 2 conventions rose above nar row partisanship and political motivation He talked as a states man For his performance he re ceived an ovation the likes of which I have never before seen or heard Wouldnt it be refreshing just once to witness such an approach as this in the writing of a plat form The Broad Gauge Approach I wonder just what would hap pen if those charged with the task could eliminate from consideration all questions of political expedi ency and address their efforts to finding an answer to the question Whats good for America and lor the world T go down the list as time permits and see what would happen Well start with taxes A first consideration would be that our nation faces a national debt of billion which should be retired as rapidly as possible without injury to our economy Incentive Is Important Second wed turn to the neces sity for incentive under our free enterprise system This would lead us to recognize that our res ervoir of capital would dry up in the face of anything approaching confiscatory taxation Third we would face the fact that inflation stems from just one fundamental condition namely an oversupply of dollars bidding for an undersupply of goods or services With each of these factors weighted by common sense and logic we would arrive at a tax program calling for as heavy a levy as the traffic will bear with as heavy an application as pos sible of the tax income to our burdensome national debt Not Natural Enemies Coming down to the subject o labormanagement relations we would quit thinking of a worke his employer as natural en and focus attention on ere Continued On Page 2 JDAY AUGUST 16 Chambers Hiss to Meet in Spy Case Spy Blast Viewed as jCover Up State Department Insists Charges on Dreher Framed Photo Washington Russias be 1 lated spy blast at an American A AT PATHFRCI Thp kniehts of the open road are beginning to gather at Britt lor naval officer is viewed byofficials hws 3 ol the candidates for kmg as Uere Monday as an attempt to theannotenbponynHl The men left to are Jon Prevail Sobo Humboldt Ben Hobo Benson New York and ex Neb The hoboes wiU caucus Monday 0 ce cinto fnr Tuesdays election The picture was taken an the jungle at jsiiu wiitie housekeeping with new cooking and dining room utensils Surgery for Child Slated Pamelas Mother Reverses Stand Chicago Irene Lam phere 21 agreed Monday to let her 22 month old daughter Pam ela undergo an operation even though the child might not sur vive n But Mrs Lamphere refused to make up with her husband Fred 24 even though her decision elim inated the cause for their separa tion Pamela was born with her blad der inverted outside her body Doctors had told the Lampheres that the child would not live be yond the age of 5 years They saic the condition could be corrected Dy surgery but there was only one hance in 1000 that Pamela would urvive the operation Quarrel Bitterly The doctors information causec he Lampheres to quarrel bitterly Lamphere wanted to risk the op eration on the chance that the child might be able to lead a nor mal comfortable life even though she might die under the knife Mrs Lamphere preferred not to oOP Claims Truman Juggles igures in Budget Forecast wanted oossi risk the operation Pamela with her as long ble Divorce Courts As result of constant quarreling over the question the Lampheres wound up in the divorce courts Meanwhile however Mrs Lam phere took matters into her own hands She read in the newspapers of many children who had sur vived similar oj orations Report ers brought one child is visit her That convinced On Sunday she decided to let e child under go surgery Washington President Trumans forecast that the govern ment will be in the red next June loosed an angry flood of republican charges Mon day thad he had deliberately jug gled his figures for political effect GOP lawmakers insisted the treasury will wind up between 5 and 6 billion dollars to the good They said there definitely will be money left over to pare down the national debt and possibly to cut taxes again Mr Trumans sharply worded midyear budget review blamed the republicans illtimed 000000000 tax cut for putting the government back in a financial hole He said federal spending in the year ending next June 30 will hit a near peacetime record of than 000 over the outlay last year And instead of the record 400000000 surplus of last June Mr Truman declared the treas ury faces an operating deficit of and a return to deficit financing Actually even if his figures pan out the treasurys books will show Negotiations at Rath to Be Resumed Waterloo be tween the Rath Packing company and Local No 46 of the United Packinghouse Workers of America are expected to be resumed in a day or 2 A D Donnell secretary or me Rath Packing company said that the company has suggested that negotiations be resumed Tuesday cr Wednesday Leo R Guynn president of the local said that negotiations are being scheduled this week but times ior the sessions hadnt yet been set here Monday as cover up waning Moscow interest in the KosenkinaSamarme school teacher cases Moreover the state department insists that the espionage charge against Lt Robert Dreher is a de liber die soviet frameup The department disclosed American Ambassador Walter Be dell Smith bluntly told Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andre Vishinsky last April that he con sidered the evidence against Dreher had been arranged with the connivance of the Rus sias famous secret police The Moscow press and radio made a tremendous iuss Sunday about the apprehension of the al leged American spy last April 23 at the very moment when he was receiving secret and unauthor ized information from a soviet customs official identified only by the mysterious designation E an surplus of 000000 Thats because congress specified that of last years excess funds should be shifted to this years accounts to help cover foreign aid costs Mr Truman called this a convenient bookkeeping service to yield a paper surplus To Protect Right of Danube Navigation Belgrade Babe Ruth Takes Turn for Worse New York UR Babe Ruth took a turn for the worse Monday A bulletin issued at Memorial hospital for cancer and allied dis eases shortly after 2 p m said that Ruths temperature rose dur ing the morning He had difficulty taking nour ishment and moderate pulmonary 0 Yugoslavia Italy Greece and Belgium formal ly notified the international con ference on Danube shipping Mon day of their intention to protect their right to operate on the Dan ube Europes most important in land waterway They sent letters to the confer ence notifying it of their intention to preserve their rights as par ticipants under the 1921 conven tion covering shipping on the Danube 2 Dead3 Hurt in AutoTruck Crash Marshalltown persons were dead Sunday and 3 others injured one seriously as the re sult of an autotruck collision late Saturday night near the junction of highways 64 and 30 west of here The dead were Arnold Chris tiansen 24 and Jasper Overland Jr 23 both of Stanhope In Deaconess hospital with broken right arm and internal in juries is Irving Thorson 22 o Story City Hospital attendant said he was in serious condition Tilford Teig 23 of Stanhope and Harold E Caster 23 of Web ster City were not seriously hur L E Chavalier state highwa patrolman who investigated th accident said the car and Officials here immediately raised 2 questions Why had the Russians waited almost 4 months to break the case and then chosen a moment of great excitement here and abroad over the Kosenkina and Samarine incidents Also why should the customs of ficial be designated only with the tter E in the public release if he Soviets considered the charges gitimate and were bringing legal ction against him AP Wirephoto NAVY OFFICER IN SPY CASE The state department has said soviet authorities framed an es pionage case against Lt Robert Dreher 32yearold na val officer while he was assist ant naval attache at Moscow remlin Talk With Molotov 4 Hours Long Moscow diplo mats held their longest conference of the current negotiations Mon day with Foreign Minister Molo tov talking in the kremlin for nearly 4 hours The ambassadors of the United States and France and a special envoy from the British foreign of fice ended their 6 conference with Molotov since July 31 at p m p m Central Standard Time They seek a solution to me Berlin crisis and a basis for talks to end other differences between the West and East Dewey Confers With Warren Campaigning to Start Next Month By United Press Gov Thomas E Dewey and his running mate Gov Earl Warren huddled Monday with their politi cal quarterbacks to talk over routes issues and general policies for the coming campaign We are going over every de tail said Dewey as the 2day con Phone Union Company to Have Parley House Group Sees Accused by Himself Former Official in State Department Called Communist Washington Whit taker Chambers and accused Alger Hiss may lace each other Tuesday in a dramatic closed meeting ol the spyhunting house unAmeri can activities committee Aiger Hiss former state depart ment official accepted an invita tion to appear Monday and walked alone into the committee room in midafternoon Chambers also in vited was permitted to wait until Tuesday due to pressure of his own business committee members said They expect both men to appear together Tuesday they added Chairman Thomas RN J told reporters he expected to have a statement after hearing Hiss Original plans were to have the 2 and face each other Monday and see whether they would repeat con flicting testimony given the com mittee in its investigation of al leged communist spy activities Thomas said the committee still ference got under way in Albany N Y Warren said he and the GOP presidential nominee will start campaigning about the middle of next month That will give them the jump on President Truman who has indicated he will make a Labor day speech in Detroit and then lay off until the end of Sep tember The republican standard bearers hopes to bring the 2 men together at some time Chambers now a senior editor of the Time magazine has testi fied he was an active communist in the 1930s He said he knew Hiss as a member of an elite com munist underground movement that once operated here Chambers also he broke with Work Stops at Morrell UPWA Head Starts Talks With Firm th complications have the bulletin said reappeared No Parking Please Fitchburg Mass OJfi When Raymond E Handley returned to his automobile parked in front of a driveway he found scrawled with lipstick on the hood Please do NOT park in front of exit West Goes On With Plans for Unified German State Berlin military leaders went ahead Monday with plans to create a western German state despite indications from Moscow that this is the prime tar get of Russian opposition Gen Lucius D Clay and the British and French commanders in Germany were scheduled to meet German leaders in Frankfurt Mon day to push the project ahead The 6 western nations which signed the plan for a western Ger many are expected to meet next month to work out a detailed blue print for joint control of the Ruhr No Postponement There has been no postponement of plans to proceed in September with a meeting of German repre sentatives in Germany to work out a provisional constitution for a western German state Available information on the se cret talks in Moscow indicate the Russian insistence on halting the plans for a western German state may be the stumbling block that is holding up agreement The split in Germany proper is reflected by the situation 5n Ber lin where the city council was re ported prepared to throw off a pretext of cooperation with the soviet sector of the city semitrailer truck driven by Gas ter apparently sideswiped All th other men wore riding in the ca Crash Injury Fatal to Washington Man Washington Charles W Davis 66 died at a hospital here Monday of chest injuries suffered n an auto accident Davis a retired dry cleaner eft the hospital a few days ago fter undergoing treatment for a leart ailment Sunday afternoon Davis was re urning to the hospital when his car went out of control and crashed into a stone pillar at the entrance to the structure The pillar fell across the hood of Davis car and the top of it crashed through his windshield He died of his injuries at a m Ottumwa came o a virtual standstill in the big VIorrell packing plant here Mon day after what the company callec a fresh series of sitdowns anc slowdowns occurred in variou departments The company announced it ha closed its hog market for the day Meantime Ralph Helstein inter national president of the CIO packinghouse workers union went into session with company offi cials to discuss negotiation of a new UPWA contract The union denies it is engaging in sit downs The company said shortly be fore noon that only a few skeleton operations were proceeding The workers who streamed out VIonday after being directed to eave following arguments with heir supervisors included many who had returned through the personnel office after being simi larly sent home Saturday management of the Bell Telephone company will con duct exploratory sessions here Tuesday in an attempt to find a basis for settling a 4month old wage dispute Th conference called by U S Conciliator E H Ries will be be tween a 3member coordmatmg committee of the Northwestern division 45 Communications Workers of America represent ing 17700 employes in North western Bells 5 state region and the companys bargaining com mittee The employes have been work ing without a contract since May 15 Tuesdays conference will be communists in the fed eral government and will accept the presidents challenge on prices Dewey also has let it be known that he considers the administra tions handling of the bipartisan oreign policy fair game for the campaign Meat Sales Fall Off in Some Cities said that after communism he pTeadedVith Hiss to do likewise but Hiss refused Hiss in public testimony has denied any communist connections and declared he does not know Chambers the first since negotiations broke down on July 2 The union said it would not strike if itcould help it pre fering instead to exert pressure on the company through publicity The union said it had for specific wage in campaigns not asked cresses By UNITED PRESS Butchers in eastern cities ad Announce Jap Quake Killed Over 3000 Tokyo General MacAr thurs headquarters announced Monday the June earthquake at Fukui killed 3238 persons and injured 10157 The official figures were in corporated in the allied comman ders regular report on Japan cov ering the period milted Monday that their sales have fallen considerably due to the meat strike but elsewhere m the nation meat dealers claimed business was normal Many markets in Washington re ported that sales were times as much as 30 per cent even though no organized meat strike had been set up At Cleveland the retail meat dealers association came out and admitted it was worried about the possible spread of a strike to great er Cleveland One dealer said his sales fell 60 p2r cent Saturday Frank Klinger association pres ident called a meeting of 700 in dependent butchers to discuss ways of coping with a strike if it spreads to independents A strike now being pushed by Cleveland residents is concentrated mainly against chain stores Try to Head Off Strikes Harvester Workers Planning Walkout Chicago CIO United Auto Workers Union and the In ternational Harvester company met Monday in a last ditch ef fort to head off a strike on Tues day of 24000 Harvester workers After a 48hour roundthe clock session company spokesman said Harvester offered to sign a contract which would include articles already agreed upon and use articles from last years con tracts to cover matters on which no agreement has been reached A union spokesman said that the union had not received an official proposal of this offer He said the company has refused persist ently to grant any concessions during the meetings He said the union is dissatisfied with inequities in pay between men on the same job and wage cutting through time studies It also wants 2 additional paid holi days The situation in Berlin remained tense Western authorities how ever continued to avoid any ac tion that might lead to a show down and jeopardize the chance of success at Moscow Flight of Marks Authorities admitted they wer concerned seriously by the fligt of western marks into soviet hand in Berlin which has been going o since the Russians froze eastern mark accounts The Russians are suspected of accumulating western marks for us either in financing communist activities in the western zones of Germany or for future dumping in the western zones in an effort to inflate the new currency Berlins 3 anticommunist par ties presented a memorandum to western authorities during the weekend demanding that the west ern mark be recognized as the only legal tender in western Ber lin Trucker Dies After Automobile Wreck DCS Moines C Brown 53yearold Des Moines trucker died in a hospital early Monday of injuries received in a truck crash Sunday Browns truck went out of con trol and crashed into an intcrur ban loading dock Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair skies with a lot of sunshine and rather warm Low Monday night near 60 High Tuesday near 80 Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night t e n OiUO Minnesota Partly cloudy south and mostly cloudy north por tion Monday night and Tuesday with occasional showers north portion Monday night and northeast portion Tuesday Cool er north and central portions Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 82 Minimum 59 At 8 a m Monday 76 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 85 63 SAME Black mom iraffio la AP wlrcphoto FREIGHT TRAIN IN FREAK Twenty cars of a Pennsylvania railroad doubloheader freight train were derailed in a spectacular crash near Cravrfordsville lu when its 2 engines collided The first engine had gone ahead to get repair nu when its 2 engnes parts for the 2nd and the collision occurred on a curve as it retuined GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 83 Minimum 63 At 8 a m Sunday 70 Precipitation 08 YEAR AGO Maximum 82 Minimum 52 ;