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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Frew arnTUnited Press Full Lease Wires HOME EDITION Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 15 1950 Paper Consists of Two ttt Yanks Give Ground on Central Sector Hill Writers Weighing SuperTax National Wholesale or Retail Levy Under Consideration By FRANCIS M LE MAY Washington tax law writers Tuesday weighed the possibility of putting a super tax in 1951 on warinflated in comes of individuals as well as upon the excess profits of cor porations Moreover in a search for new revenue the taxframing senate finance committee ordered its staff to explore the possibilities of 1A national wholesaleor retail sales tax 2 A national transactions levy which might be an expansion of the retail sales tax idea to put a tax on each transaction for goods or services Chairman George DGa said the staff will study proposals that new excise levies be put upon nonessential goods to discourage buying No Excess Profits Tax Now The finance committee voted not to make an excess profits tax on corporations an addition to Presi dent Trumans 1st installment tax boosting bill but told its staff to prepare proposals for such a levy to be effective January 1 1951 with its possible extension to individuals and part nerships Senator Hbey DN Car a Northerners Open New River Bridgehead Casualties Big GUARD POHANG AIRFIELD S infantrymen keep watch from a ridge overlooking burning village in the Pohang area on the northern Korean front U S forces were bolstered by a full South Korean division as they battled to hold the im portant Pohang airstrip now in enemy artillery range and no longer operational committee member said I think the committee action gives notice to all corporations that in all prob ability an excess profits tax be enacted next year effective Jan I 1951 Theire still remained the possibility of a senate floor fight to Iputan excess tax on corporations into the present bill Chairman George DGa said the finance committee and the house ways and means committee will meet in November and De cember to work on the 2nd in stallment tax measure regardless of whether congress isin session at the time George told reporters the idea of extending the excess profits levy to individuals is an effort to preserve people with fixed and limited incomes who would be crushed by making regular inr come tax rates higher and higher If were to save our whole system weve got to preserve the income people George middle said We crush them On SuperIncreases George did not elaborate on what is contemplated in the way of an excess profits levy on in dividuals There were indications the study would cover the possi bilities of putting a supertax on increases in income since the Ko rean war commenced or from some other fixed date The idea might be to put higher rates on that part of a persons in come that is above the preKorean war income so that it may not be necessary to impose highest rates on persons whose income has not increased However George and other committee members said they did not regard the order for the stud ies as in any way a commitment for later approval of sales taxes transaction taxes and excess prof its levies for individuals and part nerships The committee already has ap proved unanimously a boost of about a year in individual income taxes and 500000000 additional for corpora tions Congress may put it on Mr Tru mans desk by September 1 UN May Let Small Nations FindPeace Lake Success security councils big battlers Tuesday studied an Indian proposal to let the small nations seek a path to peace in the Korean war As the council recessed until Thursday afternoon Indian dele gate Sir Senegal N Rau suggested that the 6 elected nonpermanent members might be better able to find a solution in public and pri vate meetings at which cold war ring Russian and American dele gates were not present Rau suggested that such a little council study all resolu tions or proposals that have been or may be presented for a peace ful and just settlement in Korea and submit their recommenda tions to the council bya specified date The western big 3 France Britain and the United gave the idea a cordial reception in principle but said they would like to hear more details However Russias delegate and the current council president Jakob A Malik made no refer ence to the Indian suggestion in statements lashing back at Nor wegian and French attacks on the way he has been filling the chair The council Monday continued procedural war of words over the Russian opposed proposal to let a South Korean delegate sit in on the ses sions Continuing the western counter to Maliks speechmaking both the Norwegian and French dele gates said the Russian by failing to make rulings for the council to act not ful filled his presidential functions Frances Jean Chauvel accused Malik of a Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde act AnsweringNorwegian Delegate Arne Sunde Malik said threats had been made in the U S senate that Marshall aid would be with held from any country failing to help the UN effort in Korea And the term UN was used here as a cover the Russian added Induction of 1Year Students Is Postponed Des Moines lective service The Iowa se administration Tuesday postponed induction of all registrants who this spring com pleted a full year of a fulltime course of instruction in a college university or similar institution of learning provided the registrant can show he had intended to turn to school this fall The order copies of which were sent to all local boards com mented The time element between to day and the date the next aca demic year of the majority of col leges and universities opens is ex tremely short Short Time Element This time element in many if not most instances will not per mit the colleges or universities to furnish the certifications neces sary In order to give reasonable assurance that no student who may meet specifications in in ducted the postponement action is taken The order said local boards should give serious consideration to occupational deferments when The registrant has completed the last full academic year in a fulltime course of instruction having majored in physics chem istry electrical engineering civil engineering hydraulic engineer ing and other related subjects The college or university at ivhich the registrant completed Neglect of Child Charged to Couple Cedar Rapids and Mrs Merle Coon of Marion Tuesday faced trial on a charge of wanton neglect in connection with the drowning of their 3 year old son The parents pleaded innocent Monday to the charge and Judge William Matias in juvenile court set trial of the case for Aug 24 Bond for each was set at The child drowned last Wed nesday in a ditch which had been dug in front of his home for re pair of a water main Violent Quake Registered on Seismographs Boston most violent earthquake in many years has shaken the world But its violence was so great that seismologists studying the records could not interpret them and their estimates of the point of origin ranged from north or northeast Turkey to the south Pa cific Only Boston college seismo graph station in Weston just out side Boston offered a positive es timate of location within 3 hours after the earthquake wave wrote records on the Daniel Linehan wild incoherent instruments There Father irmffla tfeath In put 34 said he would estimate the quake 5215 miles distant from possibly in north or northeasl Turkey or the area of the Caspian sea A few minutes earlier Observer Philip R Berger of the Harvarc university seismograph station in the town of Harvard Mass haz arded a guess that it originatec 7500 to 9000 miles distant prob ably in the south Pacific a Both agreed that the records were so violent as to be hard to interpret he immediate last full academic ear of a fulltime course of in truction having majored in one of the subjects outlined certifies hat the registrants standing was uch as to give reasonable assur ince of successful completion of he course The local board is satisfied by he record of the registrants ac ion in making the normally re quired arrangements that he hac iilly intended prior to Aug 1 950 to enroll in a fulltime course of instruction at a college uni versity or similar institution of earningfor the academic year beginning next month and end ng next The net effect of the new or der is to guarantee another full academic year of schooling to col ege students who had completed at least one full year of college or university work in the spring of 1950 Must Convince Local Board Coupled with this is the proviso that they can convince their local draft boards that they had taken steps to assure Iheir return to school this fall The state directive rules out the requirement that students must be in the upper half of their classes scholastically to be eligible for the induction postponement The order applies only to stu dents in colleges and universities or similar institutions of learn ing It does not include business colleges correspondence schools barber colleges trade schools and the like The Iowa college students who win postponement of induction under the new order may be called on to take physical exams for the draft But even if they pass the physical tests they will not be taken at least before com pletion of the 195051 school year In a separate category are the college students who may be elig ible for actual deferment on the basis of national health safety or national interest These deferments apply par ticularly to the colleges of medi cine dentistry veterinary medi cine and osteopathy Such defer ments are for oneyear periods and must be renewed annually by local boards Local boards also arc authorized lo give serious consideration to Students Can Resign From ROTC Course Washington fi in advanced air force reserve officer training can resign from reserve forces or the national guard in order to complete their ROTC work An air force announcement Tuesday said advanced training was considered to be 3rd and 4th year courses It said these advanced course students will be deferred from the draft after they have left the reserves so long as they partlcir pate in the ROTC program The policy of permitting resig nations from reserve status does not apply to students in the basic course 1st and 2nd years of the air force ROTCBasic course stu dents if members of a reserve or ganization will continue eligible for call to active duty GoAhead on Deferments The navy meanwhile told its re servists how to go about request ing deferment from active duty The navy is calling up reserves on selective basis with quotas being made up from organized units In a statement amplifying ear lier instructions the navy said that all deferment requests must be submitted within 48 hours after a reservist receives his orders No request will be considered before the reservist gets his orders to report for active duty Such orders the navy explained will normally allow officers and enlisted men a minimum of 10 days including travel time to re port for duty Deferment requests should be addressed to the commandant of the naval district from which the reservist receives his orders In the case of air reservists orders generally will be issued from the air reserve training headquarters at 111 Considered on Merit Reservists who have received denials of their deferment re quests and those who have not received any reply to such re quests must comply with the orig Dive Bombers Plaster City With Rockets By JACK BURBY With U S Task Force 77 Off Korea UR Dive bombers and fighters plastered Pyongyang withbombs rockets and cannon fire Monday in the Korean wars largest single carrier strike against the enemy capital r Other carrierbased planes hit railroad marshalling yards with in 15 miles of the Manchurian border There was high overcast over Pyongyang and pilots had to thread their way through the heaviest flak they have encount ered so far Nevertheless they re ported that they never had it so good It was the 1st meaty target of fered this task forces warplanes after more than a week of hunt ing along central Korean highways and trails for the hardtospot communist supply litres Lt Commander Jerry Lake 35 of Los Angeles who led a dive bombing attack on the Pyongyang air field said they walked big puffs of flak right in with us but it was not very accurate We pushed over near the air field and the first 3 planes got their bombs right in the machine shop and building area I think we ruined that air field Lake then led his dive bombers along the railroad tracks and they wiped out 8 locomotives on their way home Icaught a live one with a burst of 20millimeter Lake said It was the first locomotive Ive seen moving and it really blew up Iowas 1st Draftees Report in August DCS Moincs fP Iowas 1st draftees under the current selec tive service call are to report to induction centers by the end of August it was announced Tues day Col R A Lancaster deputy director of Iowa selective service said the 1st groups may go as late as Aug 30 or 31 They will be the 1st of the 860 men Iowa must furnish under the September draft quota It is ex pected that another 860 men will be called in the October quota The draftees vill report to in duction centers at the old Federal building in Des Moines at Omaha Neb and at Sioux Falls S Dak These are the centers where they received mental and physical examinations It is believed the men will be sent to Fort Riley Kans for training although that has nol been announced definitely inal order to report for duty All deferment requests the navy emphasized will be con sidered on their individual mer its No blanket deferments will be made the navy stated The navy explained that initial deferments be limited to 6 months in line with defense de partment policy Deferment categories established by the defense department Aug 3 may apply to naval reservists who are enrolled in educational insti tutions pursuing professional graduate courses or who are en gaged in research in a field of primary interest to national de efnsc Deferment also may be consid ered in individual pjcrsonal hard ship cases and for reservists em ployed in critical or essontial ci vilian occupations Dubuque Okays Commission Dubuque resi dents in a special election Monday approved formation of an airport commission to operate the citys airport The proposal had been made by Richard L Wynes Du buque city councilman who was killed Monday in a plane crash near Kellogg deferment of students majoring in physics chemistry electrical en gineering civil engineering hy draulic engineering and related subjects Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday High Wednesday 85 to 90 Low Tues day night 62 to 66 Iowa Partly cloudy and warm Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered showers or thun derstorms south Low Tuesday night 62 to 66 High Wednes day 85 to 90 Moderate humid ity Further outfbok Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday and Friday Widely scatterec showers or thunderstorms be ginning Thursday and becoming more numerous Friday FiveDay Iowa Weather Outlook Temperatures will average neat seasonal normals Normal highs 83 to 85 Normal low 59 to 62 Warm Wednesday Turning cooler by Friday Rainfall wil average around one inch with recurrent showers bcginnin Wednesday or Thursday anc continuing into Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy and warm Tuesday night and Wed nesday Scattered showers or thundershowers north portion Low Tuesday night 5865 High Wednesday 8488 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 86 Minimum 61 At 8 a m 75 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 63 Y m AP Wirephoto YANKS AND REDS BATTLE ALONG NAKTONG RIVER FRONT North Korean counter attacks A wiped out II S gains in Changnyong bulge Tuesday as reds continued to push Droops across the Naktong river in an effort to break allied defense lines Two battalions of reds B crossed the river at Tuksong southwest of Taegu In Waegwan area C between 700 and 1000 com munists were killed attempting a crossing In Pohang area D U S and South Korean forces continued on the attack U consolidated positions at Chinju in the south Sees Desperate Measures by Reds as Planes Blast Cities By HARRY FERGUSON United Press Foreign News Editor The problem that is keeping the communist high command awake at nights is h o w to put some planes in the air and keep them there The United States air force has drawn blood in Korea There are signs Tuesday that the commu nists are about to take some des perate measures in an attempt to stop the ceaseless rain of bombs on their troops and supply cen ters American pilots have returned to their bases with some interest ing pictures and observations They flew over the Korean east coast city of Wonsan which has been well plastered with Ameri can bombs They observed that the communists are trying to re pair the Wonsan air field and are going in for an elaborate system of revetments designed to protect fighter planes on the ground Out of Hiding From that they drew the con clusion that the red air force is about to come out of hiding and challenge our fighters and bomb ers The reds havent much choice No matter what is hap pening on the ground the United Nations is winning the war up stairs and the communists are smart enough to know that no modern army has won a war without having at least equality in the air The communists had about 300 planes when they invaded South Korea There was a flurry of fighting in the air for about a woek after our planes joined in the battle and then the red air force pulled out of the fight They were using mostly Yak and IL8 planes manufactured in Russia Those planes are obsolete slow and undergunned and the American pilots had what they call a turkey shoot every time there was a fight There are no plane factories in North Korea and none of any con sequence in communist China If the reds are going to make any serious challenge in the air they are going to have to get on the telephone to Moscow They will have to ask not only for planes but for pilots That means Rus sian pilots and if and when Stalin is forced to make that decision he also will have to decide whether he is ready for World war III Saved the Day Even our ground force officers admit that the U S air force saved the day in Korea We prob ably would have been pushed into the sea in the early days of th our planes makin hops from Japanese fighting if overwater bases had not torn into the com munists in groundsupport ac tions Now we have bases in Korea and can step up the ai assault But from a longrange stand point it is MajGen Rosy ODon nells big bombers which are giv ing the communists bad nights and days They are hitting at th places where the communis ground forces get their gasoline guns and ammunition and grad ually are drying up the enemy sources of supply Charles Corddry United Pres aviation writer sends this not from Korea telling how the B29 are pin pointing their slrategi targets I saw the pictures today of the result of the raid by 50 Super forts on the chosen oil refinery at Wonsan The refinery was flat tened Across the river the resi dential areas were untouched ODonnells bomber command has far exceeded the 5000 tons of bombs per month which he prom ised to deliver and more than half that tonnage has been dropped on 5 strategic targets There is a saying that an army travels on its stomach That was true in Napoleons day but it isnt true any more A modern army travels on gasoline 24th Division Drops Back 6 to 7 Miles Officers Confident Communists Can Be Pushed Across River Tokyo troops with tanks burst out on the Naktong defense line Tues day below Changnyong and surged to points 6 or 7 miles east of the river They overran segments of the U S 24th infantry divi sion in bitter fighting that piled up casualties on both sides v General Mac Arthurs head quarters in Tokyo early Wed nesday announced his usual morning report would be omitted because there had been no change in the South Korean situation The head quarters war summaries us ually are hour behind field dispatches The allied resistance to the communists had slowed the red war timetable North Kor ean prisoners said the schedule called for capture of Taegu South Koreas emergency cap ital on Tuesday 5th anniver sary of VJ day and of Ko reas liberation from Japan The Changnyong fighting was bloody but indecisive Throw Everything Thirty miles northward along the snaking river U S and red troops were re ported throwing everything at each other but not getting anywhere A field dispatch said the reds surged 6 or 7 miles east of the Naktong on their deep est penetration in the Changn yong sector The red gain was considered serious but an American division al staff officer said We are still confident we can push the gooks back across the riv er but it may take time One red battalion fought des perately to link up with guerrillas behind the Americans California Woman Killed at Hawarden Hawarden fP A California woman was killed and 4 other per sons were injured in a two car collision which occurred at a country crossroads near Hawarden early Monday evening Mrs Steve Voss of Bellflower Cal died in an ambulance on the way to the Hawarden hospital Those injured are her husband Steve Voss their yearold son Harvey and and Mrs Walter Witt of Hawarden The Witts daughter Luann who was with her parents wasriot reported to be hurt School Bond Issue Defeated at Algona Algona At a special election here Monday voters of the school district opposed an bond issue for a gymnasium and audi torium The vote was 217 in favor and 348 opposed Yak Shows Up A Russianmade Yak plane on the 1st North Korean combat mis sion in days dropped two 500 pound bombs on Masan southern port and strafed the important communications center to the rear of U S lines Frontline reports said the reds at Changnyong 23 miles south west of Taegu rubbed out most of the gains made by the hard fight ing 24th division Monday Taegu is the south republics emergency capital and objective of 60000 reds poised in the Waeg wan sector 12 miles northwest of Taegu Red tanks and armored cars hit hard in the Waegwan area They availed themselves of a Russian style submerged suspension bridge to move a regiment about 3000 men and tanks over the river against South Korean defenders Such bridges are built just below thewaters surface to hide them from observer detection and are capable of supporting armored rivercrossings A U S 8th army communique issued at p m Tuesday said the South Koreans successfully counterattacked the rivercrossers near Waegwan and found that al lied air support presumably had knocked out red armored cars Tactics Undetermined Intelligence officers were un able to learn whether the Waeg wan crossing was the beginning of the expected smash by 60000com munist troops massed there or whether the reds were feeling South Korean lines for a weak spot As the critical river front bat tle in the center shaped up gallant U S Negro foot soldiers stormed the little Cassino redoubt 7 miles northwest of Masan Masan Is a south coast port 27 air miles west of Pusan No 1 US supply base on the southeast Up of the penin sula The fight went into handto hand combat with bayonets and ;