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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ANw 1 E5 I NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIU Amodated pita and United Pros Full Luscd Wlrts Five Ceou a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 15 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No Z6J HURRICANE HITS GULF OF MEXICO REJECT SOVIET 4POWER SETUP ON JAP TREATY U S Maintains Its Stand for 11 Nations to Draft Pact Terms Washington United States has rejected firmly a Soviet demand that the job of drawing up a peace treaty for Japan be left to the Big 4 Pacific United States Britain China and Russia The American position was dis closed in a note made public Fri day by the state department It was delivered to Semen K Tsarap kin Russian charge daffaires by Charles E Bohlen departmental counselor 2 days ago In the note the United States maintained its unbudging position that the treaty should be drafted by an 11nation conference And it made plain that this country will proceed with that work even if Russia refuses to at tend However it expressed its hope that the Soviet Union would par ticipate in the Japanese peace treaty conference to be held in the near future There has been no definite date set as yet for the conference but the 11 nations which have been invited to attend are this country Britain China Russia Australia New Zealand the Netherlands France the Philappines India and Canada All but Russia have accepted the invitation The United States note was in answer to one from Russia July 22 in which the Soviet Union called for examination of the Japanese peace treaty problems by the council of foreign ministers This would be in line with the procedure followed in drawing up peace treaties for Italy andHitlers Balkan satellites which produced long wrangling before the drafts were finally completed and ap proved Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov in suggesting that procedure be followed in the case of Japan ac cused the united States of acting unilaterally by inviting the 11na tion conference In its reply the United States said that none of the agreements reached at Cairo Yalta or Potsdam contains provisions giving the council of foreign ministers any outhority in connection with a Japanese peace settlement Hot Spots New Haven Conn of Connecticuts hot spots during the current heat wave have been Satans Kingdom 98 Devils Den 97 Also Promised Land 97 Lords Corner 96 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night and Saturday warmer Saturday Lowest Friday night 5560 high Saturday 8688 Iowa Fair Friday night and Sat urday Some cloudiness near the Missouri river Slightly warmer Saturday in northwest portion Friday night Law Friday night 5564 high Saturday 8992 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook The mean temperature will average from 4 to 8 degrees above the seasonal normal of 72 Wanner Saturday Sunday will be mild Changing to cooler around Mon day night or Tuesday Precipita tion will be quite spotty aver aging about onefourth inch oc curring as scattered thunder showers in west and northcen tral portions Monday and in the remainder of the state Monday night or Tuesday Minnesota Fair south and partly cloudy north portion with scat tered showers extreme north west Friday night and along the northern border Saturday Slightly warmer Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 82 Minimum 52 At 8 a m Friday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 65 New Ocean Air Service New York OJR Ameri can World Airways announced Friday that nonstop service be tween London and New York will be inaugurated Aug 29 and non stop sleeper flights on the same route will be started Sept 29 Survey of Living Costs in United States Shows 1939 Dollar Is Worth About 50 Cents Now By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Your 1939 dollar is worth only about 50 cents today in buying the ordinary necessities of life but it buys a lot more in some parts of the United States than in others An Associated Press survey of retail prices in 13 leading cities in all sections of the nation revealed strikingly irregular increases Some products have soared out of all relation with others com pared with prewar days Some cities where living costs were lowest in 1939 pay the most now The survey showed You can eat for less by and large in Minneapolis than In most cities You pay more for meat in the packing capital of Chicago than elsewhere Your housing dollar buys more in San Francisco and St Louis and least in Denver compared with the other cities Your clothing dollar goes about as far one place as another but buys a lot less than in either 1939 or 1946 Your meat bill has gone up much more percentagewise than your bread or milk bills Butter and eggs rate much higher on your budget than they did compara tively before the war In most items half or more of the price increase has come in the last year But while your housing dollar buys only half as much in most places as in 1939 in Columbus and San Francisco it buys more than it did in June 1946 Surveying typical products in the 3 fields of food clothing and housing marked by the depart ment of justice for price conspir acy investigation the Associated Press survey found in the 13 ci Economic Aid Main Topic at PanAmerican Petropolis Brazil in terAmerican Conference on Hem ispheric Defense opened Friday with the accent on economic rather than military problems The corridors of this lavish gambling resort buzzed with dis cussion of proposals for American financial help The eyes of Latin American delegates were focused on Secretary of State George C Marshall who with a powerful delegation already dominated the conference Marshall whose name is asso ciated with the strategy that won the war now is associated pri marily with economic aid His Marshall plan for Europe has electrified this part of the world as it did Europe and has raised the hopes of the economically de pressed Latin Americans that he will devise some formula for aid ing them The formal opening of the con ference was set for 4 p m but top delegates met as a steering committee Friday morning and elected Brazils foreign minister Rual Fernandes as their perma nent chairman They also de termined the order of precedence of conference participants and set up their committees At the preparatory session the delegates agreed to take up the Paraguayan civil war at a future meeting in hope of mediating and bringing peace to that country Delegates were overwhelming ly confident that the defense pact replace the wartime act of Chapultepec would be drafted without difficulty The major question mark was Argentina but every sign to date has indicated Argentina planned to be most co operative The agenda definitely was lim ited to the defense pact but some outside issues on such things as economics the threat of com munists in the western hemis phere and the future proposal for standardization of arms may over shadow the conferences primary objective One of the major objectives of the defense pact will be to aban don the decadesold policy of in sisting upon unanimity within the PanAmerican system before ac tion could be taken Most dele gates favored the United States proposal to let a twothirds vote be decisive Argentina however has insisted that any decision to begin sanctions against a coun try must be made by a unanimous vote JURY CONVICTS GERHART EISLER Washington federal court jury Friday convicted Gerhart number one com munist inthe United States of a charge of giving false information on a passport application in 1945 AP Wirepholo ENGINEER DIES AT L P Duffield of Woodbury N J died at the controls of this Pennsylvania railroad locomotive Friday when it turned over near Philadelphia a short distance from where Thursday nights suburban train rammed an other crushing to death a motorman and injuring a score of others No passengers were injured in the locomotive upset India Hails Independence as HinduMoslem Strife Rages Death Toll Mounts to 268 in Capital of Partitioned Punjab New Delhi dominion of India as its first official act appealed Friday night for cessa tion of HinduMoslem violence in both this country and the domin ion of Pakistan Whatever difference we have must be resolved by peaceful and democratic methods Prime Min ister Jawaharlal Nehrus cabinet declared We are a free people today Let us act then as free men and women Great throngs of the dominions 400000000 celebrated joyously their new independence of British rule Communal warfare which has left scores dead this week in the Punjab lessened in some cen Mountbatten transferred ters Lord British authority at midnight to the larger dominion of India whose residents are ov erwhelmingly Hindu He changed title from viceroy to gov ernor general M A Jennah the monocled Moscow Radio Hints Break in Diplomatic Ties With Greece London Moscow radio charged Friday that Greek author ities have been arresting and even subjecting to torture persons em ployed by the soviet embassy in Athens and hinted at the possibility of a break in diplomatic relations with Greece The radio quoting a Tass dispatch from Athens said the Russian charge daffaires in that capital had protested to the Greek govern ment that its actions were incompatible with the maintenance of dip lomatic relations between Greece and the Soviet Union The dispach asserted that reported arrests included employes of other soviet institutions in Greece besides the embassy and added that persons who have commercial ties with the trade delegation of the U S S R are subjected to repressions Police observation has been established over soviet official persons which for instance in Salonika borders on hoolligan ism Tass said AH these and a number of other illegal actions of Greek po lice authorities are obviously di rected towards hindering the em bassy of the U S S R the soviet trade delegation and official soviet representatives from fulfilling their functions and constitute an attempt to prevent the mainten ance of any economic cultural and other ties between the Soviet Union and Greece In Athens some diplomatic and political observers said Friday it appeared likely that both the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia wished to break off diplomatic re lations with Greece The Soviet Union awaited a re ply from the Greek government to a sharp protest that Russian aides were being molested by Greek authorities It was disclosed also that the Yugoslav charge daffairs had gone to Belgrade for consultations leaving only one person in the Yugoslav legation here Yugoslavia has been repre sented by a charge daffaires since her minister Dr Isadore Cancar left unexnectedly last fall Moslem league leader whose adament stand largely caused di vision of the country became gov ernor general of Pakistan and its 70000000 mostly Moslems at Karachi Mohandas K Gandhi the frail little lawyer who became known as the architect of Indias free dom by his lengthy mild cam paigning beganfasting praying and spinning at his Belliaghatta peace mission in East Calcutta The sorest spot appeared to be Lahore capital of partitioned Pun jab where communal violence continued The unofficial toll in 3 days of rioting there mounted to 268 dead and more than 200 in jured At least 36 fires blazed in Lahore and mobs were reported looting British Gov Sir Evan Jenkins handed the Punjab government Thursday to the congress and Mos lem league parties on a temporary basis of national division into east and west Punjab provinces as determined by a boundary com Auto Accident Injuries Fatal to Iowa Woman Sioux City IP Mrs Agnes Rush 53 of Danbury Iowa one of 3 persons injured in a headon collision of 2 automobiles Wednes day night near Danbury died Fri day in a hospital here Henry Rush 52 a brother of the victim and Miss Josephine Rush 50 a sister also were hos pitalized Mr Rushs condition was reported as good Friday The sister was dismissed from the hospital after treatment SAME Black ilac means death In past U hmra The American eagle first ap peared on a copper cent coined in Massachusetts in 1776 In 1787 it appeared on a copper coin in New York SEE ARBITRATION OFFER BY DUTCH Expected to Propose 3Man Board Creation Lake Success Nether lands was reported ready Friday to propose creation of a 3man arbitration board to try to settle the Indonesian dispute independ ently of the United Nations A reliable informant who said he had talked with Netherlands Representative Dr Eelco N Van Kleffens reported thenew Dutch plan to be as follows 1 A 3man arbitration board would be set up along lines sim ilar to terms F article 17 in the Linggadjati agreement signed at Batavia last March 25 between theNetherlands and the Indones ian republic 2 The international court of justice would be asked at the same time to decide whether the U N security council had juris diction over the Indonesian ques tion Millions of sea birds have been victims of oil dumped on the wa ter by ships the oil film on feath ers making it impossible for the birds to rise from the water ties item by item Bacon Prices jumped 300 to 400 per cent in many cities in all sections of the country between 1939 and the present In money the range of increase was from 36 to 63 cents a pound Pork Chops Chicago led the nation paying the highest price 85 cents a pound and reporting the greatest in crease 66 cents over 1939 and Jewish Gang Kills Arabs in Palestine Tel Aviv Palestine Jewish underground militia Ha gana announcing it was striking at Arab brigands killed 4 chil dren and 7 adults with a bomb and machinegun attack in an Arab orange grove near Ramat Gan Friday Hagana broadcast that it had trailed to the grove an Arab who had led bands in repeated raids on Jewish settlements and shot him along with 3 other Bedouin arabs Then 3 explosions leveled his stone and steel house killing his wife 4 children and 2 grown sons When word of the childrens death spread an Arab spokesman in Jaffa declared Now watch for some Arab reaction The toll of dead and wounded mounted steadily in the bloody racial clashes between Jews and Arabs in the area of allJewish Tel Aviv and its neighbor city all Arab Jaffa Two more Arabs were found stabbed to death in the Sheik Mu rad quarter of Jaffa and another Arab watchman was found dead near Ramat Gan in the Tel Aviv area 3 Killed as 76 Escape Death in Mine Blast West Frankfort 111 cue workers Friday brought up the bodies of 3 miners killed in an explosion deep within the corridors of the worlds largest shaft coal mine Orient Mine No 2 Seventysix other miners es caped from the diggings Two crawled out of the explosion area with minor burns and were per mitted to go home after receiving first aid It was West Frankforts sec ond mine disaster within a month and the third in Illinois this year An explosion at the old Ben Mine No 8 here killed 27 miners on July 24 Earlier 111 miners died in a blast at the Centralia Coal Co mine at Centralia 111 on March 25 The explosion described as very localized occurred Thurs day night between and 9 p m There was no fire The mine is owned by the Chicago Wilmington and Franklin Coal Co Mine inspectors said the ex plosion was caused by an accu mulation of gas but they did not know what touched it off In vestigations were being planned Friday Fear 118 Miners Are Trapped in Britain London British Press association reported Friday night that 118 miners were feared trapped by an explosion in an undersea coal mine at Whitehav en in nortwest England ExStudent Describes Beating of Jewish Rabbi at SUI May 6 Iowa City Daily lowan said In a copyrighted story Fri day morning that a former University of Iowa student had admitted being a party to the beating of Elihu S Cooper a Jewish rabbi and a former university student in the school of religion last May 6 The lowan said the man who requested that his name be withheld because his mother js in poor health gave this version of the incident About 10 p m on May 6 I a casual acquaintance on the street and he suggested we go get a cup of coffee and something to eat I had had a couple of beers but I certainly wasnt drunk The other fellow and I walked to the Jefferson hotel and went into the lobby We found a line waiting to get into the Huddle the coffeeshop and we got into the line When we got to the head of the line the doorman let 2 couples in ahead of us My ac quaintance then made the re mark it looks like you have to be a Jew to get something to eat I casually glanced around and saw some fellow who I later found out to be Cooper motioning for me to tell the fellow with me that he wanted to talk to him He went over to Cooper and I heard Cooper say Lets go outside and talk this thing over I saw them go out into the ves tibule and heard Cooper and my acquaintance talking about the army Both of the men acted quite angry AsT watched what seemed to be an exchange of blows followed Cooper fell to the floor near the vestibule door and as he lay there someone pushed the door open The door hit Cooper in the head The fellow that came through the door was the manager of a local department store I did not hit Cooper All I saw was what looked to me like an exchange of blows As far as I could tell the main injury Cooper received was from the door hit ting his head I dont think Cooper was kicked as he claims I didnt kick him I know the greatest jump 48 cents since June 1946 Minneapolis paid the lowest price Friday 67 cents and had the least increase over 1939 or 37 cents a pound Round Steak Wide variations both in pres ent prices and in increases in the last eight years were re ported by various cities Chicago has the highest present price 95 cents a pound and the highest rate of increase over 1939 of 70 cents and over June 1946 of 52 cents In 1939 the packing city along with Denver and San Fran cisco paid the lowest price 25 cents Minneapolis reports the lowest price 66 cents Bread Between 1939 and the present bread prices advanced from two to nine cents a loaf and between June 1946 and Friday the in crease varied from none at Den ver to four cents at Philadelphia Butter Prices Friday were from 26 to 54 cents a pound higher than in 1939 in the various cities report ing and from one to 27 cents above June 1946 Atlanta cur rently pays the lowest price 70 cents and San Francisco and Phil adelphia the highest 86 cents Eggs Price jumps were erratic across the nation Fridays quotations were 52 cents a dozen higher than 1939 in Boston and San Francisco and only 19 cents higher in Kan sas City The increase over June 1946 varied from two cents in New York to 26 cents in San Fran cisco The west coast city paid the highest figure Friday 79 cents and Minneapolis the lowest 54 cents a dozen Milk Effects of government subsidi zation and control are shown in the comparatively stable course of milk price rises Increases over 1939 range from five cents in Boston to nine cents in St Louis New York and Dallas over June 1946 the range is from one cent in Dallas and St Louis to five cents in Seattle Tomatoes No 2 Can Retail prices varied widely around the country in both 1939 and Friday Price increases over the eight years ranged from 5 to 18 cents a can since June 1946 from one to 10 cents a can Fri days quotations find Dallas and Atlanta low at 14 cents and Phil adelphia high at 27 Mens Suits The average man is paying from to more for a suit than he did in 1939 but in many cities he pays no more than he did in June 1946 and in others from 5 to more Shirts The common mans shirt costs him from to more now than in 1939 depending on where he lives Kansas City reports it pays less than in the days of OPA and scarcity Dallas 75 cents less San Francisco and Chicago 50 cents less Seattle and Colum bus pay the same as in June 1946 Atlanta pays 50 cents more Bos ton pays a dollar more and New York more Mens Shoes Price increases over 1939 aver aged a pair across the nation but the hikes varied widely in the different sections Changes since June 1946 were even more con fusing San Francisco reported a shoe costing in 1939 sold for last year but only Friday On the other hand At lanta reported the shoe of 1939 went to in 1946 and to at present Cotton Dresses Womens housedresses advanced about 50 per cent in price since 1939 but changes srnce June 1946 were highly irregular Womens Shoes The housewife was nicked less than her husband by shoe price increases since 1939 but her shoe costs rose a little more since June 1946 than did his Nylons Practical uniformity in nylon hosiery prices was shown across the nation although 5 of the cities reported price declines since June 1946 and only 2 noted price in creases Housing Thirteen cities were asked to compare the present and June 1946 prices of a house valued in 1939 at Present prices varied from 000 in Denver to in St Louis The price had doubled in Dallas Seattle and New York Cities giving or more in cluded Philadelphia Kansas City Chicago Minneapolis and Atlanta In the range were Boston and At San Francisco the house was valued at Two cities reported present prices below June 1946 Columbus said prices had dropped San Francisco said Increase since June 1946 in cluded Minneapolis Phila delphia Kansas City 000 Chicago Atlanta 500 Boston and St Louis 90 TO 95 MILE WINDS RAGE AT TAMPICO HEX Coastal Residents in Texas on Alert as Storm Sweeps Inland Tampico Mex major tropical hurricane with winds well over 100 miles an hour struck the coast near this oil city at dawn Friday ravaging Tampico itself with 90 to 95 mile winds For 2 days the storm had moved along the Mexican coast playing with Tampico like a cat toying with a mouse Streets were deserted at a m CST Friday as winds up rooted trees shattered windows and destroyed signs and foliage Damage to oil wells was expected The weather bureau here said many of its instruments were broken and accurate measure ments had become impossible for he present A U S weather bureau report at Brownsville earlier had said the storm definitely was moving in land Warnings had been issued to ships to remain in port The Red Cross was standing by Residents had taken precautions remembering the 1933 hurricane which killed about 30 injured and cost millions in property damage in the lush val ey The hurricane termed of ma jor proportions with 100 to 120 mile an hour winds at its center had zigzagged a crooked course near Tampico since Wednesday Owners of houses near the sea stripped them of furnishings and hastily evacuated the area Tour ists deserted the beach area and took refuge in downtown hotels At Kuxtan Mexico about 100 miles south of Tampico west southwestward winds up to 40 miles per hour and continuous heavy rain were reported ac cording to information received by the weather bureau here It was a different setting in Browns ville Coastal residents in Texas long familiar with the tricks of tropical disturbances kept on the alert through the night in case the storm should suddenly change its course and head in their direction The New Orleans weather bu reau advised residents on the low er Texas coast to prepare for squally weather and repeated its warning for ships not to ven ture out from port until the storm has passed inland and the squalls subsided Threequarters of all logs and lumber in the United States are shipped entirely by truck Shelve Russ Proposal for Atom Control Lake Success N Y bers of the United Nations Atomic Energy commission formally con demned Russias atomic control proposals as inadequate Friday and shelved them indefinitely over the protests of Soviet Dele gate Andrei Gromyko The majority left the door open for a later and more comprehen sive discussion of the Russian pro posals but said that as they now stand they do not provide an adequate basis for the develop ment of specific proposals for an effective system of international control of atomic energy Promptly after the vote was taken in the atomic commissions controls committee British dele gate Richard Miles emphasized that the action did not mean the atomic commission was rejecting the essence or content of the Soviet proposals but that it was turning them down as a basis for the current atomic debate in the controls committee The Soviet proposals were those which Gromyko submitted June 11 They call for an interna tional atomic control commission aform of international inspection and controls on atomic research and development The Americanled majority on the atomic commission opposed them on the grounds that they leave to much power in atomic matters in the hands of national governments Poland and Russia were the only countries which did not vote for the formal Canadian resolution which in effect ruled out any im portant mention of Russias atomic proposals in the forthcoming atomic commisison report to the general assembly No negative vote was taken and Gromyko did not ask or one Gromyko warned delegates be fore the vote that the refusal to discuss the Soviet proposals on anything more than a general ba sis would make more difficult the job of breaking the eastwest stalemate over atomic control ;