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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 15, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME An f DEPARTMENT OF Ant A s c H I V C THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS rout Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 15 ThisPaper Consists of Two One NO 2U INVADE SOUTH FRANCE Air Observer Declares No Sign of Fighting Is Seen BOMBS SHELLS SEAL GAP FOR TRAPPED NAZIS Von Kluges Forces Writhe m Cofiin Pocket in France BXJL1ET1X Supreme Headquarters German 7th u lashed out in a desperate attempt the assault to break the allied trap in Nor By dawn mandy Tuesday but was turned invasion of Europe back by a heavy crossfire of al doubled in scope miles and sealed that off with a wall of bombs and shells The powerful new Mediterra nean invasion opening a 4th ma jor front is designed to chase the Germans from France and link with General Eisenhowers war riors in Normandy and Brittany Americans who spanned the Loire below Brittany already are only 400 miles from these latest allied liberators American British troops stormed By KENNETH DIXOX AEF army Underground Gives Allies Stout Backing Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force ing a giant vise upon France the allies invaded the Toulon area in v Mediterranean Tuesday un Nke tremendous nuval and aii hnw onsouthern support quickly seizing initial pb hold on soutiievn UcUves To the 430 miles away annihilation battles cut up within an limes a fleet of 800 ships backed I Freneh comhig kome fighting again on its own soil for Tuesday the western venegeance against Hitlers con the coast of France and there was 110 apparent explanation for it On a B25 Mitchell bomber over I pieces flew in all directions The Southern France far as llbodies of the men aboard seemed could see from a height of 1000 hike giant scarecrows as they were ieet above the beaches where the I hurled into space standing out allies smashed ashore less than an starkly for a moment against the hour ago no major fighting had sunrise and then tumbling down yet developed Ho splash into the quiet sea As far as 20 miles inland a comWhile it was impossible to check plete lack of any sign of struggle with perfect accuracy the terrain marked the rugged landscape which previously had been Feeble Nazi Defenses Quickly Overran Along 100 Mile Coast Strip and French ROME mighty allied invasion force struck into From point the map it seemedi southern France from sea and sky Tuesday and within a matter of Selln neafZ hours overran the Germans feeble shore defenses and established Sance0 over the inland area firm beachheads along a 100mile strip of the Mediterranean coast between Nice and Marseille A mileslong sky train of gliders and transport planes swept in over the coast before dawn to shower thousands of American and British paratroopers across the rolling hills behind the nazi coastal defenses and the main assault force splashed ashore from landing craft at 8 am Between the two forces the stunned Germans were made al most helpless and their onceformidable fortifications were breach ed almost without a struggle was plenty of visual evi dence however that the preliminHowever most of the marking ary stages of the allied operation was unnecessary because the had been querors of 4 years ago The underground was rising in lied bombs and shells after a I yon Kluge writhed in a coffin stout support of both jaws of the number of tank and infantry units pocket already narrowed to half j pincers thrown on France succeeded in escaping to the eastlus earlier size and apparently was patting up a forced last stand IJttle movement was observed Supreme HeadQaiarters AEf overniRht in the Falaise escape Cones natch pondent Richard ByMcMillan re Berlin broadcasts said a vio norted Tuesday night that battle unprecedented in liv ing memory is being fought for this narrow gap Biting off this final avenue of flight were the American George S Patton Jr and the Canadian first army pounding down from north of Falaise and and glider landing were carried out successfully We came in with the first wave glider troops to strike southern France Some miles inland they cut loose from C47 tow planes and glided down into little meadows between rugged crags just within the coastline With the exception of o few which crashed into ditches ond fences or turned over on their London P The supreme backs the gliders seemed to make hour has struck ra it safely thousands of parachutes outlining the areas NAZIS SUPREME HOUR STRIKES dio said Tuesday night It is the Nowhere was there any sign of hour when we must throw into ported Tuesday massed guns of the American and Canadian armies were spreading panic fire and death along the highways funnelling through Fa laise where the nazis had at tempted their breakthrough Only 49000 of the 100000 Ger originally trapped in the EISENHOWER IN NORM ANDY FIELD London Dwight D resistance to them We sometimes battle the got as low as 200 or 300 feet over strength he treetops and not a shot was ired at us first sigp oE movement as scores to a stop in clouds of dust came from near an overturned glider which apparent ly was badly wrecked A small machine moved beetlelike from under the wing of a nearby glider last little ounce of his the final Normandy pocket remained alive there Tuesday night Many of them died under the rain of al lied bombs and shells but it was indicated that a sizable force had managed to ram its way through Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force armies clamped a giant nutcrack er upon France Tuesday hitting with a massive invasion in the south even as the dying German 7th army struggled in an inexor ablytightening Normandy trap 450 miles to the north Four separate American Brit ish and Canadian armies squeez1 ing upon Field Marshal von Klufces forces of perhaps 100000 to 200000 men pinched his es cape gap below Falaise to only 10 now within 2 miles of that com munications center Patton was a scant 8 miles below Falaise The American first army pressed in from the west aided by the British 2nd between it and the Canadians LtGen Omar N Bradley is commanding the U S 12th army group the greatest American force ever massed in battle it was disclosed This includes Pattons 3rd army and the first army now headed by LtGcn Courtney W Hodges Bradley had led it before allied armies in the battle of a BBC broadcast said Tuesday night Weather Ileport FORECAST ed glider which apparentI M son CUy scattered thunder showers Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler Wednesday Brief wind squalls during becoming der army group com man HAD ISOLATED LANDING AREA Rome air force spokes man said the southern France landing area had been virtually isolated by the destruction by bombers of every rail bridge in the Rhone valley from Valence to distance of 120 miles the Riviera rail line into Italy had been blocked for sev Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy eral days Enemy airfields in the Mar seille area appeared to have been knocked out or abandoned and headed toward the one in trouble There goes the first airborne jeep into action in southern France said Cpl Bill Luneback of Chicago the bombers 22 year old radio operator Along the coast and out at sea j there was a complete lack of gun flashes or other sign of action Al though we only traversed the northern sector of the beachhead and due to fleecy clouds ond the ow altitude could not observe the entire assault area still we were unable to note anything resem bling stiff resistance When I last flew over this sec tor some weeks ago the entire coast line was alive with flak This although hundreds of allied planes were operating over the entire area I did not see a single one shot down Once we thought we were in a flak zone when one glider ap parently disintegrated in the air This however was still far from thunder storms Iowa Scattered thundershowers west and northcentral portions Tuesday afternoon and entire state Tuesday night and Wed nesday Cooler Wednesday be coming fair and cooler Thurs day Minnesota Partly cloady with showers and thunderstorms Tuesday night and scattered light showers Wednesday No decided change in temperature occasionally strong fresh to winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 89 Minimum Monday night 63 At 8 a m Tuesday 73 YEAR AGO Maximum 85 Minimum 60 Precipitation 137 By midmorning all the landings were proceed1 ing successfully according to schedule against only light ground opposition and no air opposition a headquarters communique announced The supporting airborne operation was also successfully executed iFirst reports said American and French infantry men the pick of the veteran armies massing in the Mediterranean theater for months made up the bulk of the assault force put ashore by an armada of some 800 warships and transport craft American and British paratroops and airborne nf antry spearheaded the attack but it was indicated that the initial British army participation was lim ited to this phase of the invasion x Reports trickling back from the thousands Of al ing from the beachhead said lied flyers who swept unchallenged over the beaches said the invading army was striking swiftly inland aid not indicate specific in a drive aimed to the northwest at the Rhone leiT ley less than 30 miles west of Marseille Gen Sir Henry Maitland Wilson supreme allied nmander in the Mediterranean declared that his orces would sweep the Germans from their path clear weather and put their car joes of menand machines ashore exactly on schedule under coyer of a terrific naval and air bom bardment The naval formations also cleared out minefields and kn ocked out enemy sh ips in the way of the armada The naval commander ordered the assault pressed home with relentless force a naval communique said A broadcast from one of the beachheads said 7 waves in fantry totaling about 2000 men landed in the first 2 hours of the invasion against a minimum of resistance while one company of the first wave ashore reached ts final objective in leas than an hour An NBC correspondent report H march northward through the heart of France and oin up with the allied armies closing in on Paris from Tormandy Victory is certain he claimed in a ringing message to the people of France Remem ber 1918 Even as Wilsons armies storm ed ashore Gen Charles De Gaul les French committee of national liberation broadcast a call to arms to all of France ordering patriots throughout the country to rise against the nazi occupation armies The last blow is about to be struck the committee declared The first special allied com munique announcing the success of the landing carefully maskec the principal assault points in an bvious attempt to spread and 70 miles east rseille German communique said the allies landed in the Toulon Cannes area Tuesday morning and were engaged by coastal dc fense forces The German DNB main attack More than 4000 paratroops par BULLETINS Rome broadcast from one of the southern French beach heads showed allied troops had penetrated several miles inland London dispatches said 14000 troops were landed in the first 2 hours Rome after sun rise 7 waves of infantry splashed ashore in southern France in the first 2 hours and seized their ini tial objective with great rapidity at many places alone a 125mile stretch of the Kivira between the great port of Marseille and Nice her confusion among the German agerlcy said the allies dropped oastal garrisons dummy parachutists in the Mar Berlin broadcasts however I seuc avca apparently to mislead said Ihe main weight of the intne nazis as to thc direction of the vasion fell upon a rocky 16mile stretch of coast extending west ward from St Raphael 15 miles j ticipated in the invasion most of southeast of Cannes and 68 miles them uoating clown from hun west of Marseille to Cape Camclvcds c47 American transport A 11 v 11 r planes before dawn A second A full battalion of American wave was dropped from another paratroops about 1000 men group planes numbering in the landed in the St Raphael area Fourteen thousand air combat crewmen took to the air in bomb ers fighters and transports in support of thc landings Landing of thc invasion forces between Marseille and Nice indi cated thc allied command intends to wheel west toward the Rhone valley the ancient southern invas ion route to the heart of France enveloping both the Toulon naval base and Marseille Marseille at the mouth of the Rhone lies some 420 miles south outheast of Paris and approxi mately 415 miles southeast of the mcrican 3rd army at Le Mans The German army commander t Marseille only Monday ordered Komc The air forces dropped several million leaflets Tuesday in southern France some inviting German troops to sur render others instructing Frencl civilians to keep off the roads am away from military objectives and yet others advising ground what to do the under INVADE SOUTHERN in the above map shows points of newest landings of allied troops onthe coast of southern France providing a 4th front to worry Hitler Little opposition from German defenses was encoun tered by the allied forces Rome UR Pilots returninc from attack missions over south em France reported Tuesday tha tilled troops have secured thci beachheads on the Mediterranca coast while another landing attempt at Port Dramont 4 miles to the east was repulsed German reports of furious fight ing along the coast appeared to he purely for home front con sumption however Hitlers Med iterranean wall had been breach ed beyond hope of repair by the first shattering wave of allied planes and shock troops and the thunderous bombardment laid down by British Admiral Sir John H D Cunninghams warships Thc allied Mediterranean air orces hurled some 2700 planes ver the invasion beaches in their limactic DDay punch riddling he enemys coastal defenses and uttin their lines of communica ion to ribbons Some 500 Mitchell and Marau der bombers raced in before the anding craft to drop their bombs it the waters edge touching of he land and sea mines strewn across the path of the invasion armada Swarms of fighter aombers followed the troop ashore and methodically knocked out enemy strong points at th direction of the ground com manders The bit invasion armada o American British French Canad ian Dutch Polish Greek an Belgian warships transports an other landing craft sailed from ports in Italy Corsica Sardin Sicily and North Africa in calm 1 ;