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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AHO COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIH ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 15 1942 TU1S PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 264 JAPS ADMIT REVERSES IN SOLOMONS Time Is Short to Train Yankees in Britain rinp tninnnnuc i Amrmrr mine iniiAimr FACERIGOROUS OPERATIONSIN EUROPEANAREA Eisenhower Praises CoOperation Between U S English Forces LONDON UR Lieut Gen D wight W Eisenhower American commander in the European thea ter said Saturday that the time is short for training American forces to stand the most rigorous operations Eisenhower said that the American troops under his com mand must get the most inten sive training in all bases This is true he said with emphasis because the time i the problems wi have demand the ultimate ii trained our men must be toughened and hard ened physically to stand the most rigorous operations Eisenhower praised cooperation between the British and American forces and denied that conflict be tween the Royal Air Force and American air units had arisen to impede the promised bombing of fensive against Europe The American commanderin chief said that the training of i U S forces must be intelli gently directed so that every in dividual including the last pri vate in the ranks can under stand the reasons for the exer tions he will be called upon to make Morale he said is the most highly important any military attribute But we must produce a type of morale that results from self respect through discipline in Huge Cargo Planes on Production Line With cargo capacities equal to those of standard railroad boxcars these giant four motored C54 transports are in fullscale production at the Douglas Aircraft company plant at Santa Monica Cal Planes of this type said an armyapproved announcement by the company already are engaged in conveying men and materials to battlefronts of the united nations tensive training leadership and adequate British Warships Bombard Rhodes US Army Flyers Downed 190 Jap Craft While Losing 104 He paid tribute to British will ingness to cooperate with the Americans and said that goes from the prime minister right on down SET FIRES ON ITALIAN ISLAND Shelling Is Accurate Perfectly Timed Takes Fascists by Surprise LONDON British naval squadron bombarded the town of Rhodes on the Italian island of the same name for 12 minutes STUDY DRASTIC INDIA MEASURES British May Apply Severe Penalties to Put Down Disorders BOMBAY Apiication severe penalties including death and collective fines was reported under consideration by the Brit ish Saturday to put down the wave of destruction by riotous Indian followers of Mohandas K Gandhi after he had sponsored a nonviolent independence drive At Daccap police fired on an un ruly crowd killing five and in juring four it was reported Sat urday Wilful damage to railroad prop erty and telegraph wires which lias occurred in several parts o India in past day even while most violence was subsiding was said to have prompted the Britisi lo study more drastic measures o repression Under one existing ordinance sabotage of railroads and tele graph lines is punishable by deatl or whipping Under another fine may be imposed on inhabitants o communities where acts of sabo tage are committed Two members of the Bombav city council Dr Ghorpure and S Khadir were arrested as polic prepared to meet the allIndi congress next step Mayor Hu slid Mcyerally is already undc arrest Dr Ghorpure is believed b informed circles to be the brain of the undercover operations o the congress Willing to Sell Car Which Runs 30 Miles on Gallon of Kerosene KANSAS CITY gasoline rationees J B Kelly is willing to sell h automobile which will run 30 t 40 miles on one gallon of kerosen and one gallon of water Its a 1910 white steamer com plete with four good tires Kellys joining the army GANDHIS SECRETARY DIES BOMBAY Di Mohandas Gandhis priva secretary under detention Poona died Saturday of heart di ease iily Thursday setting great fires nd causing extensive damage outers reported Saturday The island lies in the extreme istern Mediterranean close to urkey It is the largest of the odecanese A dispatch from John Nixon Reuters correspondent with the squadron said the shelling was accurate and perfectly timed catching the Italians com pletely by surprise As the squadron steamed away big fire and numerous smaller nes that sent up columns of lack smoke could be seen on the vaterfronl Nixon said The exchange telegraph agency aid the squadron under Rear dmiral P L Vian carried out lie bombardment the ac uracy and perfect timing of a lostman delivering the morning mail The British warships entered mcmy waters and approached the Reports Steady Stream of American Pilots Planes Sent to England WASHINGTON UR Lieut Gen Henry H Arnold commander of the army air forces disclosed Saturday that 1110 U S army planes have met 1459 Japanese craft in aerial cnmbat and have shot down 190 oC them with a loss of 104 American ships The figures did not include operations of the American vol unteer group in China which up to the time it was disbanded on July 4 shot down 218 Japanese planes with a loss of 84 of its ships Including the AVG re sults tile score would he 408 Jap anese planes shot Sown against a loss of 188 American craft if These figures included only ver ified losses of both sides Planes destroyed on the ground in bomb ing or strafing attacks were not taken into account Arnold said that a steady stream of American pilots and planes is being sent to England The pilots complete their training on the other side in order that they can learn the British techniques He also said that in every way we can we are standardizing our equipment with that of our allies NAZIS KILL 5 DUTCH HOSTAGES Reprisal Steps Are Taken for Wrecking of German Troop Tram LONDON government sources reported Sat urday that five Dutch hostages had been shot by the Germans in re prisal for wrecking of a nazi troop train a week ago Aneta Netherlands news agen cy said the information from the nazicontrolled Netherlands radio The Germans had threatened to start executions among 1000 host ages unless persons who wrecked the train were surrendered by Friday midnight The report of the slayings was taken here as an indication that surrenders had not been made lowan Among 9 Killed as Bomber Falls HASTINGS Mich army officers and five enlisted entire crew ot a B24 army bomber stationed at the Willow Run airport in were killed Friday night when the ship crashed in a corn field Officials at the airport where the army air forces 90th heavy bombardment group set up head quarters only a few days ago said the ship crashed about Fri day night No details are known they said hut a military investi gation is underway They added that the huge fotir I motored plane was demolished I Witnesses here said wreckage was strewn for hundreds of yards aft er the ship apparently developed motor trouble lost a wing when it hit a high tree and crashci into the bank of a creek Willow Run officials releasei the following list of dead 2nd Lieut Eugene C King pilo Brawley Cal 2nd Lieut Lewis II Talley co pilot Aledo Tex 2nd Lieut James H Dale bombardier Upper Darby Pa 2nd Lieut Morris E McCal navigator Estherville Iowa Staff Sgt John D Hozen racli operator Lewistown Mont Corp George E Strenge eng neer Mountain Lake Minn Corp Ernest L Prather assis ant engineer Schoolfield Va Pvt Steve Apatara assistant radio operator Wellsburg W Va Pvt Raymond W Carillon gun ner Mtllersburg Ohio Next of kin of all victims have been notified it was said Bad weather hindered the pilot said and he circled over the brilliantly lighted Barry coun ty fairgrounds in an apparent at tempt to find his bearings He then headed south flying low toward Battle Creek site of Fort Custer NAZIS ADVANCE N NEW DRIVE ON ASTRAKHAN Threat to Lower Volga Believed as Dangerous as That to Stalingrad MOSCOW forces n the Kotelnikovski region south vest of Stalingrad fanned out in a hrentening new drive Saturday oward Astrakhan where the Volga meets the Caspian dispatches from he front said Other nazis made fresh prog ress toward Stalingrad forcing a deep wedge in red army de fenses south of Kletskaya in the Don bend and pushing he Rus sians back even further to the northeast of Kotelnikovski which lies 95 miles from Stal ingrad The new threat to the broad Volga which is Russias main wat erway was considered as danger ous more so than the twin thrusts against Stalingrad great industrial city on the river At Kotelnikovslci the Germans still were 245 miles away from Astrakhan but the Germans ear lier this week claimed the capture of Elista which lies only 160 miles Planes Smash Jap Efforts to Bring Aid GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia tUR United States marines are teadily strengthening their bases n the southern Solomons while American and allied planes smash Japanese attempts to push to the islands dis patches indicated Saturday to the west Vast wastelands traversed by and Kellogg air field Mrs Mann Leads 2 Up at Half Way Mark in Womens Western Meet SPORTS BULLETIN CHICAGO Russell Mann Omaha Near was two up on Betty Jameson San Antonio Tex Saturday at the end of their 18hole morning round in the championship match of the wom ens western amateur golf tour nament Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Nazis Gain in Russia arget without being detected be ore they opened fire Reuters said planes cooper ated in the action dropping flares spotting targets for the ships and bombing the airdrome simultaneously with the sea at tack Despite efforts of Italian shore latteries and the presence of E boats all our ships and aircraft returned without a scratch the Reuters correspondent wrote Cooperation between sea and air forces was perfect Exchange telegraph said the Italian shore batteries did not re ply until after several salvoes had left the British guns and their shells came singing our heads then Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Saturday night Continued cool Sunday forenoon IOWA No decided change in tem perature Saturday and Saturday night MINNESOTA Scattered light showers north portion and some what cooler south portion Satur day not much change in tem perature Saturday night mod erately strong winds Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 78 MinimumFriday night 57 At 8 a m Saturday 62 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 59 for interchangeable operations The air commander at a press conference described the prob lems of airplane production as something like eating buns with jam first one then the other runs out As an example he said we once had 50 planes sil ling on the ground for lack of generators This problem was soon solved but was immediately replaced with another one Arnold several limes ferred to American pilots Asked about it he said that in fact that is what they are We want young men at their prime when they have the confi dence of youth and when they know theres nothing in the world they cant do he said Older men tend to become a little too cautious for modern aerial combat He said the ideal age for pilots was around 27 years 8 Merchant Vessels to Be Launched in 1 Day PORTLAND Maine of them at one ship be launched in Maine Sunday as part of the united na tions effort to maintain suprem acy of the seas Shipbuilding cir cles said that when five freigh ters are sent into the water at the ToddBath Shipbuilding corpora tion plant here it would be the first time that one yard had launched that many in a single day since the United States stepped up its merchant fleet program SOVIET RUSSIA poor roads lie to the southeast of Kotelnikovski Astrakhan is one of Russias chief food sources and is a key to the northern Caspian sea as well as the allied supply route from the JPersian gulf jjjt The nazi drive in the Caucasus is so swift and mobile that red army units are forced to be vigi lant day and night to prevent en circlement No such thing as a stable front exists in the Caucasus dispatches said Heavy fighting was flaring in all sectors of the Don bend the bul letin indicated The withdrawal below Kotelni kovski was made under pressure of superior enemy forces the midday communique said adding that after withdrawing slightly the Russians had consolidated themselves in advantageous posi tions The Germans also broke through northeast of Kotelnikovski reach ing the outskirts of an unnamed village hut in a swift and unex pected counterattack the red army threw back the invaders the com munique said Again the Germans struck on the same battleground this time with the support of 15 tanks Soviet artillery smashed six German tanks the commu nique said and the Russians launched a countera 11 a c k against the confused Germans routing them once more The Germans were reported suffering great losses in fighting south of Kletskaya 75 miles northwest of Stalingrad where succeeded in driving the wedge into Russian defenses and reaching the west bank of the Don the red army fought grimly at the approaches to Stal ingrad the struggle for the Cau casus moved on bitterly and the Russians acknowledged that small forces of German automatic rifle men had succeeded in crossing tlie Kuban river at Krasnodar in the northwestern Caucasus Kras nodar is only GO miles northwest Gen Douglas MacArthurs southwest Pacific air force made a heavy attack on an enemy convoy struggling south ward from Rabaul in New Britain island and other Amer ican and allied planes were harassing the Japanese over a wide area between New Britain and the Solomons An Australian broadcasting commission correspondent report ed that allied attacks had forced the convoy out to sea It was believed that important raids not mentioned in communi ques were being made on such Japanese harbors as Kieta on the east coast of Bougainville and Carola on the west coast of little Buka island at the northern end of the Solomons io keep back enemy reinforcements A navy department communi que issued at Washington report ing that consolidation ot marine shore positions was progressing satisfactorily that naval units were protecting supply lines and escorting supply vessels lo our occupying forces and that army and allied planes were attacking enemy air and harbor bases was taken to mean the marine hold on the Tulagi area of the Solomons in cluding the harbor the seaplane base and probably the Kukum airdrome and harbor base on Guadalcanal island was now firm enemy naval units had been dispersed so that supply ships were able to move up under escqrt USHAVYTELLS OF PROGRESS IN INVADING ISLES Dispatches to London Paper Indicate Marines Are on 5 or 6 Islands By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Japanese dispatches acknowl edged for the first time Saturday that United States marines have landed on one of the Solomon islands 900 miles northeast of Australia and that Japanese troops were engaged in fierce fighting to word oft the Ameri can seaborne invasion The acknowledgment that American leathernecks are ashore was the first admission of an adverse trend on the battle from the axis side In Washington the navy an nounced that the marines were progressing satisfactorily in consolidating beachheads on three islands in the Solomons to the marine positions allied planes Mere tak ing he attack lo the enemy in order to break up reinforcing fleets of ships and planes and that so far they had been successful because it was apparent that no big enemy force had arrived in the southern Solomons Flying fortresses made the at tack on the convoy bound for the Solomons from small convoy MacArthur reported Two of six Japanese Zero fight er planes which tried to protect the convoy were shot down and three were damaged In three heavy attacks on a con voy off New Guinea the day be fore three enemy Zeros bad been downed and three damaged out of a total of 13 This brought a threeday score in this New GuineaNew Britain area to six enemy fighters dam aged and between nine and 12 damaged by allied heavy and me dium bomber planes out of a total of 27 cliallcngine enemy planes Not a single allied bomber was lost in the three days though some returned lo base damaged and with casualties It was indicated hat aside from trying to get ships south ward the Japanese had moved some planes toward the Solo mons possibly to Buka and Bou gainville islands Dispatches to the London Daily Mail said U S marines were believed to have seized the two small islands of Ma kambo and Gavutu near Tu lagi in the Solomons If true this would mean that the leathernecks had footholds in at least five and possibly six islands and apparently were spreading out in a general attack on the southeast group of the 900 mile long chain islands The Daily Mail said United States warships had come to close grips with large units of the Japanese navy and that for seven days they had been deal ing crippling blows to enemy naval power There were indications too that inlicd flyers had won vitalsuper iority in the southwest Pacific skies if if if English dispatches from Syd ney Australia said the Ameri cans have or soon will have complete control over Tulagi Island site of one of the best harbors in the South seas war theater German troops advanced 50 miles to Mineralnye Vocly on the rail route to Baku as red troops battled the nazis in the Krasnodar and Maikop sectors Nazis claimed cap ture of Elista 2 and made thrusts at Kletskaya and Kotelnikovski The Russians reported gains at Vor onezh 4 while heavy fighting was reported at Rzhev A German air raid was reported at Leningrad of the red fleets Black Sea naval base at Novorossisk Fighting is now going on to exterminate the German rifle men who crossed to the south bank the communique said Earlier the Germans had at tempted to move tanks and mechanized infantry across the Kuban the bulletin declared but Russian planes came to the aid of the harried ground de fenders knocked out the Ger mans pontoon bridge and struck heavy blows at German troop concentrations The communique reported that in ddition to dispersing three battalions of infantry and German cavalry units the red flyers de stroyed 16 tanks 20 trucks and 17 guns The German drive in the Mai kop region and elsewhere in the Caucasian foothills was reported by the army newspaper Red Star to be moving more slowly Fight ing was heavy however at Min eralnye Vody 140 miles from the Grozny oi fields toward which the Germans are heading United Press dispatches from Pearl Harbor indicated tbat no more doubt was held there that the marines were in the Solomons to stay There was already lalk there of the way the marines were expect ed to push northward through the Solomons and probably to continue to New Britain island northwest of the Solomons and east of New Guinea to take the great base of RabaulThe loss of Rabaul would make the Japanese position in all New Guinea untenable and Mac Arthurs forces would be able to push Japanese troops at the Lae Salamaua and BunaGona bases into the sea The huge naval battle oft the Solomon islands which resulted in overwhelming victory for the Jap anese navy has been concluded according to latest reports as serted a Tokio dispatch to DNB official German news agency In its main phases the battle lasted without interruption three whole days beginning Aug 7 Only a few enemy units suc ceeded in escaping apparently iu the direction of Australia Fierce fighting is reported to be taking place between Japanese forces and United States marines who have landed on one of the Solomon islands Tokio offered no explanation of how American leathernecks established beachheads even on one island in the face of its claims to have routed allied naval forces By contrast a U S navy com munique Friday night declared Naval units are engaged in Bride Asphyxiated While Taking Shower Bath at Burlington BURLINGTON Mrs Chester Scott 21 a bride of two weeks was accidentally asphyxi ated Friday night while taking a shower bath in her home here Gene Zerwas deputy coroner said Saturday following an investiga tion Authorities at first had believed death was due to cither carbon monoxide or dioxide poisoning but Zerwas said a gas heater had burned all the oxygen out of the room and the woman col lapsed from lack of air Authorities reported she was found by her husband at p m and he summoned firemen who used an inhalator for 22 hours in a vain effort to revive her protecting our lines of communica tions in the Solomons and es corting supply vessels to our oc cupying forces This clearly indicated that the Japanese fleet had not dispersed allied naval forces and that steady allied reinforcements probably were moving to bolster the ma rines Previously the Japanese had boasted that the naval battle was a onenight engagement claim ing that 40 allied warships and supply vessels had been sunk or damaged and a Japanese military spokesman asserted that the U S marines had been repulsed Dispatches from Australia said the marines now were so strong ly entrenched that nnly the heaviest reinforcements could dislodge them Winging far out over the South seas Riant V S army flying fortresses and attack bombers were striking round theclock blows to prevent the enemy from transporting re inforcements lo the battle scene Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters said allied flyers pounced again on a Japanese con voy including troop transport cnroute toward the Solomons off New Britain attacking it for the fourth time Bad weather obscured the re sults but a communique said allied gunners shot down two Japanese Zero fighters and dam aged three others out of six ene my planes which attempted to break up the attack ;