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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1939, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H4RLON ft H 1S r MEM 4H T 0 C P f or COXP s uoiwes iA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY kTH8 BRIGHT JPOT VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES riVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 151939 THIS CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO ENGLISH PONDER DANZIG PLAN Would Represent Critics as Liars adminis tration has been more successful than perhaps any other in con cealing its defects silencing its opposition by ridicule and induc ing people not to believe any an alysts except its own All poli ticians have tried since the be ginning of time in some fair or unfair way to get the same results It seems to be an indis pen sable quality of po litical human nature dem ocratic repub lican Hitleris tic Stalinistic or what you Paul Mallon wil1 a11 want everyone to believe they are always right and their critics are always liars even in matters of no particular significance The new deal has been able to get away with more than most not only because it is exception ally publicityconscious and has an army of publicity men but also because so many people want a new deal and want to believe in it i Minnesota Example Never was there a more re vealing case of methods than in an incident which occurred to a young couple Mr and Mrs Paul F Warburton They operate a 160 acre farm in Minnesota and have developed a way of speaking out in meetings about the farm programs At one AAA meeting conducted by AAA committeemen and leaders they spoke out against this government selling wheat to Great Britain at 20 cents a bushel when its own citizens were pay ing twice as much They com plained the U S taxpayers were required to pay the cost of this means of disposing of surpluses The AAA committeemen and the leaderof the eyeningwho were farm experts designated by the government to inform the wheat farmers of Minnesota what was going on promptly said they had never heard of it Such a thing was not possible If any one was doing it it must be private business and not the gov ernment they told the Minnesota farmers Where do you get your information they asked The Warburtons confessed they had read of it in this column as published in a newspaper Oh said the AAA officials The newspaper and Paul Mallon are antinew deal propagandists This shushed Mr and Mrs War burton and led all the farmers present to believe the agriculture department was not selling wheat abroad at a subsidy Proof Is Provided But the Warburtons taking more interest in such matters than people usually take wrote in to me asking how I got that passing out false information Could you refer us to some offi cial source Three official mimeographed announcements of the agriculture department were forwarded to the Warburtons One was a three sentence announcement of the sale of 20 million bushels of wheat to Britain by the federal surplus commodities corporation a di vision of the department of agri culture Another was an an nouncement disclosing the losses were approximately 25 cents a bushel and still another pointin outhow these losses were going to be paid from customs receipts of the treasury as congress had provided Mrs Warburton tucked the in disputable proof into her brief case and went to the next meet ing at which a university exten sion expert was to explain the advantages ot the AAA to the women under the auspices of the AAA county chairman and county committee Mrs Warburton raised the question about the subsidy The expert had not heard of it and the AAA county officials were accustomed by this time to saying they never heard of it either it was just antinew deal propaganda Mrs Warburton dug down into her brief case and came up with the official agriculture depart ment bulletins Consternation en sued such consternation that the Warburtons are not sure whether the AAA experts and agents yet know an export subsidy program for wheat is being conducted by their own Washington headquar are ready to admit it Copyrifbl Kinr Fealnres Inc WTNS SPEARING CONTEST AMES D Hoff man 18 of Walnut 111 won the north central region public speak ing contest sponsored by the Fu ture Farmers of America here and will represent the 12 state region in the national meet in Kansas City Mo Oct 16 Twelve com peted here Fast Horses Race at North Iowa Fair SHOW INCREASE IN ATTENDANCE AGAIN TUESDAY Pacers and Trotters Try for in Stakes on Tuesday Indications that attendance at the North Iowa fair would sur pass last years mark for the third straight day were seen Tups day in the rapid filling of the grandstand for the afternoon pro gram of horse races The estimated attendance at p m was 5000 compared with a total of 7106 for the en tire day last year and the turn out for Ernie Youngs outdoor musical stage spectacle in the eve ing was expected to push this p open to public Mason City municipal band in stage pit p performance of Ernie Youngs musical revue Under the Stars with cast of 70 talented performers featur ing the California Varsity Eight Carl Freed and his Har monica Rascals Duncans Col lies Willam and Joe Mandel and others p of ThearleDuffield fireworks the infield Fairly and Little shows on the midway all day and evening WEDNESDAY Mason CityClear Lahe Day a of Hereford cattle begins swine judging continues 10 a and Little shows on Midway 11 a high grade acts free on the new midway stage at entrance to machinery grounds 1 p cattle and sheep judging begins 2 p day of harness races begins including pace Ideal Sand and Gravel stakes S600 prize trot added money S300 and a special event p mThree high grade acts free on the new midway stage at entrance to machinery grounds p open to the public Mason City munici pal band in the stage pit p performance of Ernie Youngs complete Un der the Stars revue before the grandstand p Thearle Duffield fireworks in the infield facing the grandstand Fairly and Little shows on the midway all day and evening years figure well above Tuesday mark in 1938 The harness races saw a large field of outstanding thorough breds pounding the reconditioned fair oval in search of purses to taling and the fame which went to the winners Another in prizes will be at stake on Wednesday afternoon closing program of horse racin events C Probably the outstanding record to date made by any one livestock exhibitor is the showing made Monday by the Knoeppel Jersey farm Colony Nebr which woi the premier exhibitors blue ban ner in the Jersey cattle class tak ing H firsts and showing fou champions Competition in the Percheron division Monday was close as far as the premier exhibitors awar went with Merton Wearda Shef field finally winning the honor C M Gross Lone Rock also ha a fine group of horses entered ii the competition and very nearly took the coveted blue banner A Cerro Gordo county tH boy Kenneth Johnson was an nounced Tuesday oming as the Queen at North Iowa Fair OODSHORTAGE S SERIOUS IN AREAS OF CHINA Rice Stocks Dwindling Fast as Prices of Products Skyrocket SHANGHAI food short ge threatening to develop into lunger riots and famine became ipparent in large parts of Jap meseoccupied China i byproduct of more than two of war Floods drought crippled trans lortation facilities and Japanese rade and military restrictions caused the shortage which was ivident here and in Shantung Honau and Anhwei prov nces In drought areas Chinese Chris ians prayed for rain Other Chinese carried idols into the parched fields so that they might see with bronze eyes the woe that lad befallen the peasants Miss LaVohn Schlawin wore a bie smile after her second year Hotstein heifer had been champion dairy lierdsman of the district as well as of his home county In the 4H boys district livestock judging compe tition Butler county led 13 other county groups to win the championshipGalal Weibke Butler county entrant won first in the individual contest ac cording to an announcement made by the county agents of fice Tuesday morning The fair management decided Tuesday that the lengthof the evening program made it inad visable to attempt to repeat the performance two times Wednes day evening as planned previous ly It was decided therefore to have only one complete grand stand show in tile evening begin ning at 8 oclock with the Thearle Duffield fireworks spectacle shortly after 10 oclock Mondays attendance figure was 7258 not including children who were admitted free as a childrens day observance This figure vas 600 more than the cor responding total for the same day last year Defying death Jimmy Lynchs Death Dodgers thrilled the Monday afternoon grandstand crowd with a variety of stunts on the track Despite the many difficult feats attempted the show went oft smoothly with but one exception when Eddie Dawton of Spring field 111 lost control of the car he was trying to roll over and it crashed into electric wiring and a pile of timbers near the plat form Dawton escaped injury and fortunately there were no specta tors at that particular place al though they had been standing there only a few minutes pre viously Dawton tried the stunt again and succeeded in rolling the car over Jimmy Dawton drove a car over a ramp and hurdled a truck as the momentum of the leap carried the auto more than 40 feet through the air Tommy Cooper from arkana Texas provided one of the main thrills of the day by crashing bioadside into another car on the track Frank Dinkley of Minneapolis who was here with the Suicide Squad of stunters last year was also in charge of the Lynch unit The troupe left after the local show for Bloomfield to give an other performance LOOK INSIDE FOR WENDELL L WILLKIE Says U S Forced Power Company to Sell Out PAGE 2 Preps Must Fill Gaps in Football Lineup PAGE 9 Winneshiek Fair to Open Next Thursday PAGE 8 20 Americans to Be Freed by Spaniards HEN DA YE FrenchSpanis Frontier UR Aviator Harok Dahl and 19 other Americans held prisoners by the Spanish nationalists since their capture during the civil war arrived at San Sebastian near the border during the night and were ex pected to cross into France Tues day Most of the were members of the republican international brigade old SAFETY PLANS AREOUIUNED Educational Program to Be Completed by Committee Sept I DBS MOINES Wilsons advisory committee an nounced Tuesday that it plan to have the new Safety Education Program outlined by Sept 1 The committee named recently to supervise spending of 2li appropriated by the 1930 legis lature for safety education held its third meeting Monday a Ames M C Nelson of Des Moines i chairman W Earl Hall of Mason City president of the State Safetj Council and Karl W Fischer state commissioner of publii safety are the other members The committee Issued the fol lowing statement Our committee has been to gether on three occasions for ex tended discussions M C Nelsoi of Des Moines was elected chair man of the committee We shal be ready by Sept 1 for the an nouncement of a program de signed to become the most com prehensive and effective of an statewide program instituted to this time in any state up 0 The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy to cloudy tocal thunderstorms cen tral and west Wednesday and probably extreme west Tues day night cooler extreme north west Wednesday M I N N E S OTA Increasinc cloudiness scattered showers Wednesday and probably ex treme wast late Tuesday night warmer northwest slightly cool er near Lake Superior Tuesday night cooler west Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics iUaxfmum Monday 8G minimum Monday night 60 At 8 a m Tuesday 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 89 Minimum 66 R International settlement au ihorities in Shanghai viewed with concern an impending rice short Rice stocks are dwindling fast Prices are skyrocketing Officials iave been unable to keep more than a few weeks ahead of the needs of the 4000000 Chinese in this tiny neutral island who are dependent on them for the staple League Ready to Abandon Danzig Rule GENEVA The league ot nations is ready to abandon its protection over the free city of Danzig league sources said Tues day Poland approves such ac tion as a step toward solution of its quarrel with German v Prof Carl J Burckhardt the league high commissioner to Dan zig has returned to the free city after consultations last week with Hitler A formal report by Burckhardt on his talk had not been received by the league secretariat but un official reports indicated that ne gotiations were under way for a PolishGerman compromise Weight was given to these in dications by conferences Burck hardt had with nazi and Polish officials on his return to Dan zilf Any settlement it was as sumed in these quarters would involve the leagues withdrawal from Danzig and its replace ment by a joint GermanPolish authority The question of league aban donment of Danzig has come up wice before the council once ast January and again last May sut each time Poland opposed it Wow league officials said a proposal to take the league ou of Danzig would certainly be adopted at the coming council ses sion Sept 8 if supported by Po land The procedure they said woulc be for Burckhardt to file a repor requesting abolition ol his post o high commissioner and severin the leagues power over Danzig a set up by the Versailles treaty Such a report would go first t the committee of three of Britain France and Sweden handling th Efforts of settlement authori ties toobtain rice from surround ing Japaneseoccupied territon have met with little success the Invadess saying it is very diffi cult to transport grain from Wuhu and other Yangtze valley concentration points leagues protection of Danzig an then to the council NAMED JUVENILE AGENT DBS stat board of control Tuesday an nounced appointment of Mrs R Minish of Mount Vernon as state agent for the Iowa juvenil home at Toledo She will succee Genevieve Nichols of Iowa Falls Iowa Turkeys Behind 8 Ball as F R and Wilson Differ Owners Would Revise Feeding Schedules to Get Prime Fowls DES MOINES Thousands of Iowa turkeys were literally be hind the eight ball Tuesday as President Roosevelt and Gov dent although in the past gov ernors have followed the action of the president in the routin proclamations setting aside th last Thursday of the elevent month Im not sure about it Gov ernor Wilson said Ill have I George A Wilson took opposing views on the date for observing Thanksgiving day The president said he planned to move Thanksgiving day ahead a werk from the traditional last Thursday in November Governor Wilson asserted that if he had anything to say about it Thanksgiving day in Iowa would he observed as usual on the last Thursday in November which would be Nov 30 this year In the midst of the differences of views were thousands of tur keys and their owners The turkeys didnt know er to begin eating an extra helping of grain a day or to continue their leisurely gobbling No selfrespecting turkey would think of being anything short prime condition on Thanksgiving day As much perplexed as the tur keys were the owners there are scores in Iowa who took an alti tude of watchful waiting until the controversy is settled It was acrectl that a change would make only a slight differ ence in the turkey situation hut owners were anxious neverthe less to have the matter selllcrl so they could revise feeding and slaughtering schedules if neces sary to avoid underweight tur keys Governor Wilson said he was under the impression that the set ting of a date for Thanksgiving was up to the various state chief executives and not to the presi check it up but Im in favor o having Thanksgiving day in low on Nov 30 in keeping with a tra dition 75 years old V ft W H Nielson secretary of th Retail Merchants bureau of th DCS Moines Chamber of Com merce said his first impression was that President Roosevelt proposal would meet with a grea deal of favor with retailers here He added however the chang would be satisfactory only if na tionwidc and that if some state balk no change in the present cus torn would be preferable W t HITLER VIEW ON BURCKHARDTS ROPOSALSENT Officials Refuse to Discuss Parley Polish Attitude Sounded Out LONDON Carl T urckhardt league of nations high ommissioner for Danzig Tuesday ent the British government a re ort on the general tenor of his ilk with Adolf Hitler at Berchles Friday night Official circles however refused i discuss tlie report declaring that lis and any further communlca ons arising out of the Burck ardtHitler conversation would e treated in strict confidence The situation was made more puzzlinff by an emphatic state ment from a government offi cial that Britain had not received cither from the high commis sioner or from any other quar ter any proposals for a settle ment of the Danzig question Reports from abroad have hint d that Hitler and Burckhardt iscussed a peace plan If these eporls were true Burckhardls eport to the British government laturally would have outlined the ilan Official circles declared that the ligh commissioner did not con ult the British government be ore he visited Berchtesgaden and hat he did not ask approval for lis visit He did inform Britain lowever that he was going to Berchtesgaden at the invitation Hitler These quarters said that Burck lardt conveyed no message from theBritish government but that he was familiar with Britains at titude on the Danzig question and he might have expressed his owii views of what Britain might do The British foreign office said nothing was known here of any intention of Burckhardt to visit London for a personal report to Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax as reported in Berlin A government spokesman said the high commission is in close contact with the Polish govern ment through the Polish commis sioner general in Danzig Britain as clearing house for the league committee of fhree which is responsible for Danzigr wil keep the other two members of the and on all com munications from Burckhardt The British government dis played willingness Tuesday to ne gotiate a European peace plan provided a formula acceptable to Poland could be found At the same time as a pointed reminder Polish interests must not oe ignored it was disclosed Great Britains undertakings to Poland were being put formally into a treaty of alliance to replace present exchanges of guarantees Officials kept silent on reports of peace moves from Rome and Berlin but authoritative circles pointed out a negotiated settle ment if approved by Poland would only be consistent with Britains policies and commit ments Prime Minister Chamberlain it was recalled left the door to ne gotiation open in his house ot commons speech July 10 he pledged rearmed Britain to aid Poland in resisting any nazt coup in Danzig Asserting we have guaranteed to give our assistance to Poland in a case of a clear threat to her in dependence which she considers it vital to resist with her national forces Chamberlain said then oC Danzig it may be that in a clear er atmosphere possible improve ments could be discussed Execution Dale Argued NEW YORK Roosevelts announcement he would break a 75 year old tradition by moving Thanksgiving day up a help out business stirred both protest and praise Tuesday from governors turkey growers nd football coaches The president said at Campo bello fsland Monday he had de cided the traditional last Thurs day in November was too late for Thanksgiving so he was advancing the date from Nov 30 to Nov 23 this year used since the Pilgrim Fathers celebrated the first Thanksgiving in 1621 the president pointed out He said business people had com plained the last Thursday date established by President Lincoln usually threw the holiday too close to Christmas and cut down on Christmas shopping This sounds silly President Roosevelt said but added he was willing to go along with mer chants on the matter The precedentshattering change 1339 calendars promised to upset the nations multimillion dollar Turkey Day football industry It also raised the possibility that for the first time since nation wide observance was established by George Washington Thanks giving might be celebrated on dif ferent days in different parts of the country Some of the seasons biggest and oldest grid games are scheduled for Nov 30 which the schedule makers thought would be Thanks day Moving the game back to Dec 2 or up to Nov 23 will be impossible in some cases because the teams already have games on or near those dates Well vote the republican ticket if he interferes with our football said Bill Walton coach of Qua chita college down in Arkansas where republicans are practically museum specimens More seriously James Frasier chairman of the selectmen of his toric Plymouth Mass where Thanksgiving started said he heartily disapproved nnd would place the matter before the select men Plymouth and Thanksgiving are almost synonymous and merchants or no merchants I cant see any reason for changing it he said On the other hand Gov Wil liam H Vandcrbilt of Rhode Is land another republican said there appears to be some com mon sense in the idea A third republican governor Ralph L Carr of Colorado said President Roosevelts actio seems rather arbitrary and con tinned He has the power to make th nation thankful if he would b improving the lot of its people I could better speed the time f Thanksgiving in that way th by changing the calendar1 A democrat Gov A Har Moore of New Jersey decided 01 day is as good as another But many a football coach failc to agree and from many parts the country came perturbation Calendar Printers Ciy No No to Any Thanksgiving Change RED OAK the Thomas D Murphy company of Red Oak one of the largest calen dar manufacturers in the U S among those crying no no to President Roosevelts Thanksgiv ing day change from Nov 30 to Nov 23 The change said J L Turner firm treasurer will cost the com pany thousands and thousands of dollars Turner said the problem is viewed so seriously by the firm thnt a board f directors meeting has been called for Tuesday after noon He explained that the calendar business operates a year ahead and 50 per cent of the firms output for 1040 has been completed and shipped to buyers ;