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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U pna and CniUd Pnx PuU Leued Ceati a Cop7l MASON Cmr IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 14 IMS This Paper Consists of Two One JAP NOTE PUZZLES WORLD Flares on Every Pacific Front Big Waves of B29s Hit Jap Homeland BULLETIN Guam 950 and 1000 Superforts and fighter planes smashed heavily in dreaded fire demolition and strafing attacks against Japanese war industries Tues day and early Wednesday Japanese time while the world awaited the emperors answer to allied surrender demands About 6000 tons of bombs were dropped on 6 military tar gets in the last 24 hours strategic air forces headquarters announced This made that period one of the busiest days in the history of the 20th air force BULLETIN London Japanese defenses in western Man churia collapsed Tuesday before a Russian onslaught that carried 93 miles eastward in a single day and swept up thou sands of enemy prisoners BULLETIN London communique announced Tues day night that the Japanese defensive on Sakhalin island had been broken by the Ted army By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor Paced by tankled Russian armies war flamed on every Pacific front and great waves of Superforts hammered Ja pan itself Tuesday as a Tokyo radio report touched off peace celebrations from Guam to New York Tokyos broadcast said an imperial message accepting the Potsdam unconditional surrender proclamations will be forthcoming soon Paris radio said the message had already been received by Switzerland for relay to the allies But nothing short of a direct order from allied overall commanders will stop the lighting The soviet radio called on red arms forces which rolled through 22 Japanese strong points Monday in gigantic Manchurian offen sive to pound the Japanese mercilessly Pacific fleet headquarters Admiral Halseys 3rd fleet prowl ing within easy reach of Tokyo bay wouldnt be called off unti official word from Washington Superfort headquarters said B29 attacks such as the 5000 tons of explosives poured on south ern Honshu Island Tuesday would continue until peace is official Potential American occupation forces were ready on Okinawa 325 miles south of Japan in the Marianas islands and the Philip pines Clotest were the Russians reported by Tokyo to be pressing amphibious and land invasions of Karafuto Japanese controlled southern half of Sakhalin island Just off the northern tip of Ja pan proper Tuesdays Superforts strike made by at least 430 big bomb ers and possibly close to 700 was coordinated with rocketing and strafing raids by fighter planes The B29s struck on the heels of Mondays carrier plane attack in the Tokyo area which knocked out 138 Japanese planes Twenty one of them were shot dovm in the strongest recent Nlpnoese at tempt o reach the pitied fleet None got through Sunday cruisers and destroyers of the North Pacific fleet bom barded the TCurile islands and more than 600 air raiders from Okinawa disposed of 43 Nippo nese vessels including a heavy cruiser left dead in the water Tokyo admitted Tuesday by soviet new gains armies pour ing into Manchuria but claimed reverses were inflicted in Korea and Karafuto on invasion forces Moscow announced that arm ored columns driving a 5 pronjred thrust toward Hnrliin in the hft of Manchuria had rut the last rail communication line for en emy forces in the SnnRsriTJss river vallev and threatened to break the 950 mile link ing Dairen anfl Mukden One column seized the mp railjunction of Linkow 177 miles east of Harbin Another canturec Mientxiho 350 northwest of Arsen al City Red cavalrymen rode info Wenchuan terminus of the rai line to Hsinking Manchurian capital which Tokyo said was be ina evacuated Enemy broadcasts reported gen eral advances and fierce fight ing as soviet troops smashed from outer Mongolia into western Manchuria It was the same story on a lesser scale from other China Burma Philippines Bor neo and Bougainville United Press Pushes False Flash Inquiry New York United Press stepped up its investigation Tuesday into the false flash which was fed into its wire system Sun day night and which said Japar had accepted allied surrende rms A reward of was offered by the U P for the identificatioi and conviction of the person re sponsibte The American Telephone Telegraph Co reported to the fed eral communications commissio and the U P that an investiga tion had shown that the fals flash did not originate in any o its test stations The U P leases its news wires from the A T T The American Telephone an Telegraph company Monday com pleted a check of its various tes stations along the route of th United Press circuit where Sun day nights false Jap surrcPde flash originated As a result of this inquirv the A T T reported to the federal communications commission and made a copy of its report available to the United Press that the flash could not have originated in any A T T test station The reason for this is that the flash was trans mitted by automatic tape and these test stations are not equipped with the equipment to perforate tape The A T T said it would continue to cooperate with the United Press andthe FCC in their investigation of the incident BULLETINS London exchange tel rraph dispatch reported Tuesday lat radio Tokyo had announced te withdrawal of Japanese forces om southeastern Burma Japa ese forces after completing their rategic task of hampering enemy upplies and preventing the exe utton of the enemys operational lans have cleared the area east Rangoon and Ma nd a lay and succeeded in withdrawing cross the Sittang river in an asterly direction joining hands ith the Japanese main force ic broadcast said according to he dispatch The broadcast indi ated the Japanese troops had oineci with the main enemy force Thailand London Minister At ees office issued a statement lortly before 6 p m noon Cen ral war time Tuesday night saying that no official confirma lon has yet been received of the lany rumors at present circulat ng about the acceptance by Japan f the allied terms of surrender Oak Rid re Term was evealed Tuesday that a planaec tlempt was made to espionage he American atomic bomb pro ect here and that it was thwarted jy a specially trained unit of the rmys counter intelligence corps WHERE RUSSIANS ADVANCE INTO areas have been captured by Russian forces in their severalpronged drive for Harbin arsenal city of Manchuria Arrows indicate areas of greatest activity AP wirephoto K A erigr AFL PLEDGES VET SUPPORT Chicago UR The American Federation of Labor Tuesday pledged itself to assist veterans in obtaining jobs and reiterated its opposition to affiliation in the newlyformed world federation of trade unions The unions executive council meeting here in quarterly session called upon its central labor bodies to set up special commit tees to help veterans get fobs and job training on a fair and equi latlr basis In addition the AFL council said that it would support legisla tion proving benefits for veterans and would insist that they were granted accumulated seniority for time spent in the armed forces The council rejected a petition for a hearing on proposals that the AFL take part in the new world labor body on the grounds that the 1944 convention had de cided unanimously not to af filiate with the W F T U AP MANAGER URGES ADDED REWARD In a note to member of the As sociated Press association Kent Cooper executive director of the AP urged the board of directors of the Associated Press Tuesday to add an appropriate amount to the reward offered by the United Press associations for the appre hension and conviction of anyone who is guilty of the incident of fraud as reported by that news agency Japs Weep Bow in Shame at Palace of Hirohito By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Domei Japanese news agency said in a broadcast recorded by the FCC Tuesday that on Aug 14 1945 the imperial decision wa granted and that weeping people had gathered before his palace am bowed to the very ground in their shame that their efforts wer not enough The broadcast did not say what the emperors decision was Domei transmitted only about 130 words of the item and then broke off tosay to editors Hold this item The portion of the Dornei dispatch on the emperors decision said Hirohito had felt extreme concern ever since his rescript o Dec 8 1941 with which he dared war As recorded and translated by FCC the dispatcli read How shall the 100000000 peo ple filled with trepidation reply to the emperor His majestys subjects are moved to tears by his majestys boundless and infinite solicitude Aug 14 1945 the imperial decision was granted The palace grounds are quiet beneath the dark clouds Honored the imperial edict in the sublime palace grounds the mob of loyal people are bowed to the ground in front of the NljuBashi the bridge which leads to the palace Their tears flow unchecked Alas In their shame how can the people raise their heads With the words Forgive us O Emperor our efforts were not enough the heads bow lower and lower as the tears run unchecked Ever since Dec 8 1941 when we received the imperial rescript causing his majesty deep anxie ty It was at this point that Do mei broke its transmission to ask editors to hold it up Domei never resumed trans mission of the dispatch but sub sequently put out a message t editors saying Tomorrow Aug 15 at noo sharp 10 p m Tuesday CWT an important transmission wi be made This transmission will be o unprecedented importance so th 100000000 people without excep tion must listen attentively Investigate Theft Osakis Minn au thorities Tuesday were investiga ing the mysterious theft of 70 chickens and the equally myster ious death of 300 others on th farm of Joe Brouns near here May Urges Draft Halt Reply SentTokyo Not ReceivedBern BULLETIN Bern Japanese minister arrived at the Swiss ederal building at p m p m CWT Tuesday By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Tokyo radio said Tuesday It is learned that an im perial message accepting the Potsdam proclamations will be iorthcoming soon andlater announced that the Japanese governments answer to the 4 allied powers was on its way o Switzerland However the Swiss political department foreign of fice said at p m a m central war more than 9 hours after the original Tokyo announce ment that no Japanese communication concerning surrender lad been received At a m central war time the Japanese Domei agency once more asserted that the message was en route The Swiss communique cast doubt oh the basis for a Swiss radio broadcast 4 hours earlier which asserted that Japan has accepted the capitulation offer A Paris broadcast originating with the French news agency said the Japanese communication was quite long The time required for and translating a engthy message might account lor any time lag in the capital of between govern ment for the allies and the Japa nese If indeed the message was lengthy the possibility emerged that the Japanese might be spec ifying interpretations of the Pots Washington fp Chairmai May D Ky of the house mil tary committee Tuesday called fo in immediate halt to further in ductions once Japan falls and tht earliest possible release of men already drafted May said in an Interview he vould introduce as soon as con iress reconvenes next month leg islation to end all draft calls thu assuring similar bills before both louses Senator Linger R N Dak announced Monday night he would act similarly in the senate May added he also plans to dis cuss with President Truman the subject of early action to declare hostilities at an end lor the pur ose of the selective service act Such a declaration he said would mean that inducted men would be discharged not later than months after its effective date Under provisions of the draft act men must serve for the dura tion of hostilities plus six months Army legal authorities said the six months can only start upon conclusion of a peace treaty upon a presidential proclamation end ng the war or by a joint resolu tion of congress Des Moines Adel Companies Named in Unpaid Wages Suit Des Moines IP TheKascr Construction company of Adel and the Lytle and Green Construction companies of Des Moines were named Monday in a suit filed in Poik county district court by Ken neth D Mayer of Des Moines who contended that the Iowa concerns owed him S243D in wages for work on the Alaskan highway project Mayer said he had worked 750 hours overtime between April and October 1944 He joined the high way construction crew as a time keeper at S325 base pay month City Takes Surrender News Quietly Mason City retail stores opened business as usual Tuesday morfiing in line with a prear ranged decision not to begin local celebration of victory over Japan before official cprifirnjation of the surrender Many Mason Cityans kept at their radios during the early hours of the morning bat there was none of the spontaneous hil arity which marked the recep tion of news of the Japanese radios surrender declaration in cities from Guam to New York Police reported a slight demon stration on North Federal in front of the Kirk apartments but it was shortlived The GlobeGazette published an extra edition carrying first reports of the surrender at 4 a m Radio station KGLO went back on the air at a m with the news after its regular midnight signoff All plans were completed for a itywide observance of the vic tory over Japan pending Wash ington confirmation On the pro fram are a community gather at East park a retreat in Cen tral park and a street dance Retail stores the state liquor store and all taverns and clubs lOlding B or C beer licenses planned to close as soon as of ficial word of the surrender comes The Midwest Roofing company management told employes who reported for work as usual Tues day morning to take a halfday off it was learned Tuesday noon This was the only reported holi day taken by local industrial or retail firms Japanese Surrender News Stirs Snowballing Celebrations in Nation Runaway Victim Red Oak suffered when he was thrown from a wag on after the team he was driving ran away were fatal Monday to Robert Selser 67 Red Oak fann er and former steward of the Montgomery county home Sur viving are the widow 3 daughters and a son By UNITED PRESS The nation reacted slowly Tuesday to the Tokyo broad cast that Japan has decided to surrender unconditionally to the allies But all indications pointed to a snowballing cele bration that would increase throughout the day Pearl Harbor where 3 years 8 months and one week ago the Japanese struck treacherously set the stage for celebra tions which probably will sweep the United States Every ship in the harbor lit up like a Christmas tree The warships blew their whistles until they were out of steam But in the United States where the enemy broadcast was received in the early morning hours the first reaction was different New York the nations largest city took the news calmly At 2 a m only a few people stirred in Times Square But as the min utes went by and newspaper ex tras came out the crowd in creased By 5 a m the crowd had grown to more than 3000 and was in creasing hourly ing loudly moved slowly down Broadway Hundreds of service men gathered quickly and cheered as they marched down the streets and jumped on the cars Probably the most riotous spontaneous celebration began in New Yorks Chinatown almost immediately after the Japanese broadcast The Chinese set off firecrack ers and the popping went on for hours as they snakedanced through the narrow streets Chicago also was slow to re act But police predicted that Chicago would have the wildest celebration in its history Police were ordered and told Automobiles their horns blow1 to close all tavern and liquor stores immediately after the en emy broadcast Squad cars began patrolling the streets to prevent a repetition of the 1918 celebration of more than 1000000 persons in the loop area Store windows were wrecked then and all saloons were emptied of liquor Detroit was quiet at first But churchbells began ringing in the suburban areas and general shouts and cheers greeted the Tokyo an nouncement Sirens sounded in the west Philadelphia section and some au tomobile horns began giving full indication that a cele bration would grow as the day progressed New Band Ottumwa The Ottumwa naval air station Tuesday had a new band composed mostly of men who were entertaining the crews of carriers battleships sea plane tenders and overseas bases until a few months ago It re places the stations original musi cal unit which recently was transferred to Washington Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night Shortly before 4 a m move than 200 persons mostly servicemen had gathered in Lafayette park across from the white house in Washington At Lincoln Ncbr soldiers from a troop train jammed the United Press office asking Is it true Is the war over Maybe we wont have to go overseas now Warworkers coming off the 4 a m shift in Kansas City began impromptu celebrations scream ing and tooting horns as they moved down the main streets In the residential sections police re ported tha some overjoyed citi zens who were awakened dragged put firearms and began shooting in the air and Wednesday Much cooler Tuesday night Continued cool Wednesday Tuesday and through Wednesday except cloudy with rain showers and thunder storms in east Tuesday fore noon Cooler Tuesday and Tues day night Continued rather cool Wednesday Minnesota Fair and cooler Tues day night Wednesday fair and somewhat warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 84 Minimum Monday 64 At 8 a m Tuesday 64 Precipitation 125 YEAR AGO Maximum 96 Minimum 65 Precipitation 06 dam declaration point by point The confusion of the delay was brought to a new head when the Swiss legation in Washington re ceived this message from Bern Very urgent ie eation reports that coded cables it received Tuesday morninff do not contain the answer Awllttt by the whole world the day the Japanese broadcast and then killed a state ment by Lt Gen Reikichi Tada president of the board of tech nology urging the Japanese peo pie to abandon hopes of revenge and to liquidate the military for the sake of the Japanese people today The fact that the blood of our warriors was unable to set the world on a new path can be seen in the imperial message at this time as a revelation of God said Tadas withdrawn message I be lieve we should now divert all our efforts to the enhancement of culture through science We must look up to the imperial way and entrust ourselves to his majestys vast and infinite will unswerv ingly following the path of right eousness Furthermore a new great re ligion and a great religious leader must be born to give succor to the bewildered populace He exhorted the people not to dream of some weapon superior to the new type atom bomb The imperial decision was granted said a Domei broadcast recorded by the federal communi cations commission The Japanese radio pictured a mass of the Japa nese people prostrating themselves before Emperor Hirohitos palace under dark clouds crying For give us O emperdr our efforts were not enough It looks as if were at last near ng the end of our long vigil President T r u m a ns Secretary Charles G Ross said at the white house Secretary of State Tarnfis F Byrnes crisply replied Yes sir when asked if he expected some thing Tuesday on surrender Throughout Tuesday morning Tokyo broadcasts alerted the Japanese to listen for a trans mission of unprecedented im portance scheduled for Wednes day noon Tokyo time or 10 p m Tuesday central war time The Domei agency started broadcasting its account of the scene in Tokyo at which the im perial decision was granted but broke off instructing its editors to hold this item The Japanese communication in Bern was beine prepared for transmission to Washington Lon don Chungkingand Moscow ivhere its reception will be an nounced simultaneously the white house announced The Potsdam demand for un conditional surrender would re duce Japan to her 4 main islands An allied note under debate in Tokyo at least since Monday would allow Emperor Hirohito to remain as a monarch committed to promulgate any edicts which the victorious United States Russia Great Britain and to him The text of the Swiss broad cast as recorded by BBC Japan has accepted the capit ulation order The Japanese in formation bureau announced ;