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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa OF HISTORY OES HOINE3 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Prea and United Press FuU leased Wita Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 14 1941 This Paper Consists of Two One NO One Man s Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City Sunday p i KUMO Hannibal Tatsday p i IVSlI CHy Wednesday a tVOl Amcv Friday p m KSCJ Sioux City Friday t KJCP Spencer rriday p m Our Political 3Ring Circuses DURING the past 16 years in a reportorial capacity Ive sat in oh 10 national political party conventions In a real sense they are 3ring political circuses and it occurred to me that I might be able to catch your interest by dip ping into memory for some high lights from my experiences and observations My first convention was the re publican gathering in Kansas City Mo in 1928 when Herbert Hoover was the presidential nominee and Sen Charles Curtis of Kansas his running mateThere was a move for Frank O Lowden who like Hoover was Iowaborn but this boom never gained much momen tum The nomination was in the bag for Hoover from the start and made impi For the vice presidential nomiwater program nation however there was some thing of a scramble The choice arrived at in a midnight meeting of party bigwigs at the Muehlcn bach hotel was prompted by a be lief that the Kansas senator with a strain of Indian blood would strengthen the ticket in the farm states where Hoover identified with opposition to the McNary Haugen farm bill was assumed to be least strong Runnerup for consideration as vice presidential nominee at that hotel room conference was Han ford MacNider of Iowa If the choice hadnt been Charlie Cur tis it would have been Hanford MacNider The lowan as a past national commander of the Amer ican Legion and later as assistant secretary of war alone with his vastly more dynamic personality would have been favorite with the delegates But the delegates didnt do the deciding The keynote address at thej Kansas City republican convent tion in 1928 was giyenibythevejp erable Sen Simeon Fess of Ohio It was monotonously long and singularly dull It pointed with pride to the piping prosperity un der Calvin Coolidge and predicted a greater prosperity to come Among his other shortcomings Sen Fess was a poor prophet TWO things stand out in mind concerning the democratic con vention at Houston Texas the fol lowing month One was the not equaled until this summer at the republican convention in Chi cago The other was the nominat NAZIS TRY TO ESCAPE POCKET BIG CROWDS AT 2DAYPROGRAM HELD AT LAKE Boat Parade Final Governors Days Event Cut Short by Windstorm Clear a wind storm cut short the final Vene tian parade on the lake Sunday night Clear Lakes 6th annua Governors Days celebration Sat urday and Sunday was a signa success with large crowds par ticipating in all programs The Sunday night wind al though it brought with it little rain churned the bike waters upset some of the Venetian floats and made impossible the final iater program But Clear Lake sponsors ot the giant program which opened with the dedication of Mclntosh park Saturday were well pleased with the occasion which brought to the lake a large part of the states official family headed by the gov ernor and thousands of visitors It was estimated by E R Boyle chairman of the governors days committee that a crowd of 8000 jammed the grandstand and other attraction centers Saturday night At least 5000 were in attendance Germans Admit Loss of Railroad Center of Osowiec London Germans announced Monday the evacuation of he important communications center of Osowiec 15 miles south of he East Prussian frontier and the withdrawal of nazi lines a few to the west Osowiec is a Polish city on the Biebrza river which the Russians forced on Sunday Railroads from Konigsberg and Lyck in East Prussia Warsaw Grodno and Bialystok cross there The city lies 25 miles below Lyck and is con sidered a fortress key to the United States to see that the next does not become in volved in another war If America had taken the lead ership she should have assumed alter the last war and helped or ganize and maintain the peace we might have prevented this war America must not follow this course after the present war but assume full responsibility in the organization of a world peace pro gram The governor also spoke from the reviewing stand on the lake front Sunday afternoon stating that he was proud of Iowas part in the war effort We will do our job looking forward to next Governors Days to victory peace and the realiza tion of all the things for which we are now fighting the states chief executive said Over 250 persons attended the governors banquet at P M park Saturday night at which visiting dignitaries were introduced by H Sunday Mr Boyle estimated Biggest attraction of the cele bration was the lake and the type of program the lake made possi ble a water carnival and the Ve netian parade representing 37 friendly and allied nations Judges selected the Chinese float sponsored by the Clear Lake Womans club asthe grand prize winner of the war bond In the sailboat section the twin ers were First Navy Mothers nd United Service d 2nd Surf Ball oorri and 3rd Civic J5 In the rowboat section winners ere First WaTanYe 5 2nd Ben Franklin store Costa 5 and 3rd GlobeGazette The judges were Sen Ken Ev ns Emerson Rep Jay Colburn Harlan and Frank Mattes Ode olt Until Sunday nights wind the veather was ideal for the Z day vent Taking advantage of the veather huge crowds packed the M Knudson Cerro Gordo countys representative to the state legis lature Mclntosh Wood state park is one of the most magnificent ac quisitions of the Iowa conservation commission to this date Gov B B Hickenlooper told a crowd of close to a thousand persons who gathered to witness the dedication of the beautifullywooded 60acre tract as the newest Iowa park Saturday afternoon The governor recalled the dif ficulty of selling the purposes and objectives of conservation to the people of the state at first and expressed his gratification at he present success of the move ment and its promise for the fu marshland approaoches to the difficnlt Masurian lake country of East Prussia At midnight Moscow announced the fall of Goniadz 4 miles to the east It is this region that a fresh Russian offensive flanking both East Prussia and Warsaw i gaining momentum The Berlin radio acknowledget fresh Russian advances in th Baltic states southwest of Lake Pskov In that region 20 to 25 German divisions have been sev ered from land communications by a Russian corridor to the Bal tic sea west of Riga The German communique re ported bitter fighting in Russian bridgeheads across the Vistula river west of Baranow 110 miles below Warsaw and southeast of Warka 32 miles below the Polish capital Southwest of Lake Pskov in the encircled Baltic region the Ger man bulletin said embittered fighting is going on with soviet forces which made a further ad vance The Soviets were declared attacking in Latvia with super ior forces an expression which appeared to be preparing the German home front for news of HUGE ARMADAS MAKE ATTACKS ACROSSEUROPE 3500 Planes Strike From British Italian Bases in Many Thrusts London armadas o American and British planes num bering well over 3500 Monday bombed war industries in southern G er m a n y enemy installation Editor Hall Leaving for England on News Mission To Write News Stories for GlobeGazette and Transcribe Radio Talks throughout France and shipping in the great port of Brest whil harrying the Germans in thei perilous retreat in Normandy They struck from British an Italianbases Up to 1500 V S Flying For tresses and Liberators from Eng land attacked German war indus tries at Mannheim and Ludwig shafen and German airfields rai Earl Hall managing editor f the Mason City GlobeGazette eaves here Monday night on the irst lap of a visit to wartime Eng arid as a guest of Brendan Jracken British minister of in ormation Later in the week he will depart for England from an eastern point Hall was selected in 1941 by the Carnegie Endowment as a typical representative of dailies and was small sent to cit South another major reverse ture Iowa hot blessed with an abundance of recreation ing address for Alfred Smith by a then not too well known New Yorker in hislate D Roosevelt The New York governor had given way to a compromise nomination 4 years previously in the famed McAdooSmith contest Here was the chance to make things right with Mr Smith and t prove for all time that the demo cratic party is not a party of re ligious bigotry And Franklin Del ano Roosevelt was chosen for th job This wasthe first time I ha ever seen Mr Roosevelt I remem ber how he was helped from his chair to the platform pulpit i that immense improvised conven tion hall I remember how a hns caine to the andience as he started his eulogy to his New York neigh bor I remember the applause evoked when Mr Smith was al laded to as the happy warrior Al Smith went down to a fore ordained defeat in the election that followed Mr Roosevelt went on to the governorship of New York and to the presidential nomination 4 years later Although he had been the parrys vice presidential nominee with James Cox in 1920 Ive always felt that Mr Roose velts stellar performance as the Al Smith nominator in 1928 was the one factor most influential in paving his road to the white house THE republican convention in Chicago in 1932 was for realis tic republicans a whistlinginthe cemetery act The Herbert Hoover administration had been dogged by a depression spawned under Hard ing and even further back than that in Worl War I There was nothing to do bu renominate him but his chances for reelection were nil To Iowas Sen L J Dickinson went the keynote speech assign ment at that funereal convention Many b c 1 i e v Im among by thus identifying himself with the bad fortunes of the Hoover administration Mr Dickinson hastened his own po litical eclipse There was general agreement however that the lowan did rather well with what admittedly was a rather weak case THE democratic convention also held in Chicago on the heels of the GOP gathering developed some real fireworks The two thirds rule was still in effect and while Franklin D Roosevelt came in with more strength than any other seeker after the presidential 7nnUnae4 en 2 grandstand for the Saturday night manner noSpther state Hickenlooper said The governor warned however that we must continue to devote consistent farsighted attention to another important phase of con of preserving the rich soil of the state We are inclined to believe that we possess boundless and bounti ful soil and yet we lost 30 tons of topsoil per over a large area in central Iowa last springs floods he conservation commission Russian Armies Mass for Assault Moscow zero hour for onEast Venetian show and for the after noon performance Sunday The water carnival featured Griswold Freda Jean Dod der and Cid Canale all famed swimming and diving stars plus expert local talent such as Lynn Lunde Wendell Wicdline Cleo Hurd Carroll Swift Jack Haskins The Iowa State training school band from Eldora and a group of WAVES from Cedar Falls among the favorites In the first of his public ad dresses Sunday Gov B B Hick enlooper told a large audience a union services at the Methodis church It is the responsibility the during aid The must be kept out of partisan poli tics if it is to be privileged to follow its present scientifically de veloped intelligent longrange program Hickenlooper stated This is a great step forward for the ideals conservation rec reation and the future happines of the people of Iowa the gov ernor concluded Other speakers on the program were Fred T Schwob director o the state conservation commission yards and bridges in both Ger many and France Another great fleet of up to 750 American heavy bombers struck from Italy at military objectives in the south of France for the third consecutive day They also bat tered the northwest Italian coast again The heavies flew without escorts Mustangs and Lightnings flew separately and spent the day strafing targets in the same areas which the bombers hit Targets were not immediately identified Hundreds of British medium and heavy bombers hammered nazi lines in the Falaise sector to pace the new Canadian offensive A large flight of heavy Lancaster bombers earlier had bombed Ger man shipping at the besieged port of Brest in Brittany More than 250 Marauders and Havocs plastered bridges road and rail junctions including half a dozen highway spans over America for 3 months to study the politics industries and agri culture of that continent During his 6 week visit to Eng land Hall will send news stories to the GlobeGazette and prepare transcription commentaries for a network of Iowa radio stations presently carrying weekly talks by him The network includes KGLO Mason City WSUI Iowa City WOI Ames KICD Spencer and KSCJ Sioux City This will be Mr Halls 2nd visit to Europe He attended the Ameri can Legion convention at Paris in 1927 and that time toured a num ber of European countries includ ing France England Belgium and Germany W EARL HALL PLANT IS PLANNED Blencoe home on furlough Pvt Wilson Nielsen of the marines announced that after the war he planned to head a firm which would build a 56000 alfalfa dehydrating plant in Blencoe He said 25 persons would be em ployed former service men being given preference ng rapidly Mondayas Russian armies massed in a great threaten hg arc before the borders of that lerman province Russian units to the south were 5 to 17 miles from the East Prus ia frontier while to the east other soviet forces were 7 to 10 miles away and to the north from 30 to 15 miles Red army forces apparently striving to rip nazi defenses in East Prussia wide open from the south menaced the enemy strong hold of Lomza vital communica tions center that links embattled Warsaw with the junker province The German radio said strong Russian forces supported by many tanks and planes succeeded in gaining some ground northwest of drive threaten ing East Prussia from the south and Warsaw from the north Great tank battles continued west of the Vistula in the Kielce region about 100 miles south o who also urged increased empha Warsaw and within 35 miles o sis oh conservation of the states valuable soil We in Iowa who depend on the soil for every bit of wealth we CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Krakow the last great Polish bas tion guarding industrial centers o German Silesia 75 miles from ad vanced Russian elements The Germans vainly were of LUieux in the immediate path of ihe fleeiner Germans They also bombed road and rail junctions and bridges both east ml west of Paris and around Amiens Up to 750 Flying Fortresses es orted by Mustangs and Thunder olts rained tons of explosives on he I G Farben Indus trie Chemical plant at Ludwigshafen an elec rical equipment factory at Mann heim and air force stations near Mannheim and near Stuttgart A fleet of Fortresses and Liber ators of the same size attacked German airfields in eastern and northeastern France railroads in southwestern France and bridges northeast of Paris Swarminff down only 3000 yards in front of allied troops Mitchells and Bostons of the 2nd tactical air force successfully at tacked 3 German strongpoints along the front of the German es cape corridor in Normandy Re turning crews said the bombing was very accurate and no plane was lost Weather Report FORECAST Fair andnot so hot Monday and Monday riightj TtiesoTay partly cloudy Highestafternoon temperatures below 90 Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler NAZIS OBSERVE LARGE CONVOYS Think Landings m South Europe Likely London German radio asserting that large allied con voys were streaming through the strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean speculated M o n day night that landings in the south of Europe were imminent There was no allied confirmation of such reports For 3 consecutive days however strong forces of American heavy bombers from Italy have pounded military in stallations in southern France ESCAPE GAP IS LESS THAN 16 MILES IN WIDTH Allies Plunge Forward in Opportunity to Score Greatest Major Victory Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force can tanks and infantry advanced 7 to 12 miles and Canadian ar mored infantry leaped forward in a new offensive Monday striking for the destruction ot the cream of Germanys forces in northwest ern Europe caught in a closing ring with an escape hole less than 10 miles wide British Canadian and American troops were swiftly collapsing a huge nazi pocket spurred by Gen Eisenhowers declaration thai they had a fleeting opportunity to score their greatest victory in the west a victory which might brine the fall of Paris like a ripe plum American armored spearheads which had swept dramatically behind the Germans from Le Mans forming the southern jaw of an allied nutcracker had com pletely closed around Argentan Canadian tanks and infantry carried forward in tough armored track vehicles jumped off in called Priests a major attack with scattered southeast and thundershowers extreme south portions Monday afternoon Partly cloudy and cooler Mon day night T uesday v partly cloudy and continued cool Wednesday fair and warmer Partly cloudy and cooler south and east portions and cloudy with light rain and continued cool northwest por tion Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and continued cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 96 Minimum Sunday night 65 At 8 a m Monday 66 Rain 06 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 226416 Axis Prisoners Now in United States Washington war de partment has disclosed that on Aug 1 there were 22G4Ifi axis prisoners of war in the United States Most of them are working the department said iri occupa tions ranging from farming to logging DIES IN ARLINGTON Waverly L D Jay 58 in medical practice in Bremer county the last 34 years and for mer county coroner died Sunday in a hospital at Arlington Va of a cerebral hemorrhage He was a member of the American college of surgeons Dr and Mrs Jay had been visiting their daughters in the east Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday At 8 a m Sunday 85 55 89 66 70 KILLED IN ACCIDENT Davenport C Follis 59 of Davenport was killed when his automobile in which alone overturned on a gravel highway 4 miles west of here Saturday night Issue Call for Uprising in France Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Gen Charles Be Gaulles French com mittee of national liberation Is sued a call Monday night for a na tional uprising in France The duty of every Frenchman has been outlined in the appeal of De Gaulle for the people of France a statement said There is not one Frenchman who docs not feel and who does not know that it ishis simple and sacred duty to take part immedi ately in the supreme war effort of the country In the field in the factory in the workshop in the office in the he be under ar rest deported or a prisoner of Frenchman can harm the enemy or prepare that which harms him which gained 2 miles and crossed the Laison river toward Fnlaise the northern jaw of the clamp The effect was to cut to less than Hi miles the gap through which Field Marshal Gen Guen ther Von Kluge was making fran tic efforts to extricate approxi mately 100000 4th of the entire force with which the allies have come in contact since DDay In a smoking cauldron cov ered like a lid by thousands of SCENES AT CLEAR LAKES GOVERNORS DAYS CELE really turned out for the governors days at Clear Lake Saturday and Sunday these pictures shew Above is a panoramic view of the crowd that watched the water carnival Sunday afternoon At lower left Gov B B Hickenlooper h shown addressing large crowd at the dedi cation of Melnrosh Woods Saturday afternoon To the right below is bevy of WAVES whose singing delighted the thousands of visitors Loek photos Kaycnoy engraving I m allied bombers pouncing on every German in sight the enemy fought a bitter tangled battle to escape extermination American troops closing in on the 30mile deep pocket found Germans mowed down by the hundreds The American advance was KO fast the infantry found the enemys smoking machine guns with belts still loaded So confused was the enemy that remnants of 6 divisions were found on 1 nurroxv 3milc front Greatest American advance was along the middle of the contract ing claw cast of Mortain where the infantry bore down on the vi nity nf Domfront in a smash of to 12 miles by noon Monday omfront is 13 miles east of Mor in Barcnion on the MorlairvDom ronl road was captured in this rive The Gorman radio said there Iso was violent fighting near Carrougcs 13 miles southwest ot Argentan wifh approximately 4 American divisions blocking the Germans chief escape routes The Canadian offensive got oft at noon following an attack by nindretls of heavy and medium bombers which smashed enemy slrongpoints within 3000 yards oE he allied front lines The Canadians who had been miles north of Falaise and 1J4 to 2 miles north of the Laison river got across that major bar rier Capture of Falaise 3 miles south of the river would close an other German escape point The British on the Canadians right flank also scored gains of 3 miles and more capturing Mar tainville and pushing on o near Bonnoeil 7 miles northwest of Talaisc and taking Prousjy 2 mites north of CondeSurNoireau 15 miles west of Falaise Seven mile spurts were made by the Americans on the west sidi ;