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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME T OF AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL MOUTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCJATID PRrss ARTO UWMTO WAKAjfihSiaGtPriisivtr HOME EDITION LEASED MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 14 1943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE tATKB CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 265 TALY TO DECLARE ROME OPEN CITY 218 DEAD AND 570 INJURED IN RAID ON ROME Swiss Border Hears Thousands of Italians Made Cries for Peace LONDON lib erator bombers striking deep into Hitlers hitherto almost unreath able southeast European war in dustries Friday attacked Wiener Neustadt 30 miles south ot Vienna In former Austria a middle east communique disclosed Saturday It was the first time since Sep tember 1942 when Russiai planes bombed Vienna that allied bombs had fallen on Austria Middle cast headquarters an nounced af Cairo that the planes which attacked from a high alti tude Hew a round trip or nearly 2500 miles to drop nearly 350000 pounds of high explosive bombs The text of the U S comrnu nictue A large force of liberator heavy bombers of theninth U S air force attacked an important aircraft production factory and as sembly plant at Wiener Neusladt 27 miles south of Vienna in day light on Friday dropping more than a third of a million pounds of high explosives Direct hits were scored upon factory buildings and large col umns of smoke were seen rising throughout the target areaScores of bursts were seen among some 400 fighter aircraft parked in rows along the ground Enemy fighter opposition was weak and the ground defense ap parently was taken by complete surprise All of our aircraft are ac counted for The heavy raids coincided with other shattering blows dealt Fri day on Home by American flying fortresses and followed up heav overnight attacks by the RAF on Flyers Hit Austrian Targets Near Vienna Milan and Turin Italy and a raid bombers on Berlin in by northern mosquito The Saturday Italian commu nique broadcast from Rome nnd recorded by the Associated press said that 218 persons were killed and 570 injured in Fridays heavy bombing ot Romes railway facilities if The Berlin radio quoting a Bern Switzerland dispatch said Saturday that train service be tween Switzerland and Milan had been temporarily interrupted The broadcast said the delays were due to technical difficulties The Berlin radio also said that allied planes were again over Switzerland early Saturday pos sibly indicating another over night attach by the RAF on north ern Italy An Italian underground radio in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press urged the Ital ian nation to overthrow the gov ernment of Premier Pietro Badog lio quickly and slop such raids as Fridays The destruction of our own as proved by Fridays raids is the bill Italian people have to pav for this stubborn blindness broadcast said The Germans are daily strengthening their grip on Ital ian soil The Rome radio in a broad cast heard by the Associated Press said the British over Mi lan used a nentype of incen diary bomb containing about 15 irallons of an inflammable li quid and to these the worst destruction by fire must be as cribed jf Another broadcasi also recorded by the Associated Press said Pope Puts XII whu also is Bishop of Rome visited the bombed Rome areas immediately after the raid ers left A dispatch Friday night from Associated Press Correspondent Frank Bititlo at the SwissItalian frontier said thousands of Italians clustered around the Pope and shouted for peace Stefani Italian news agency said the Pope was the object of tumultuous manifestations both at Lodi Place and St John Lateran church where he knelt amidst immense crowds for prayers The London radio quoted a Rome broadcast Friday night as saying thai details have been completed by the prefect of Milan ENDOVAJIrine casualties Derive 25 Farmers Elevators Will MILITARY HEADS Open Soybean Plant m Manly npcu DADICVO Capital of urcii r ABLt T o L Set in Articles of Incorporation The North CoOperative Processing association recently formed by 25 farmers elevators in six North Iowa counties will open a soybean plant at Manly this fall officers announced Fri The association filed articles of incorporation with the secretary ol state Friday with capital set at stating that the pur pose of the association is to buy sell blend and deal in agricul tural products and byproducls President of the association is Courtney Lawyer of Manly vice president is Earl M Dean of Mason city and secretary treasurer is Joe Gallagher of Mason City The 25 elevators situated in Mitchell Floyd Worth Gordo Winnebago and Hancock counties subscribed 550000 for the purchase of plant and equipment Officers stated lhat arrange ments had been made to procure working capital from the Bank of CoOperatives at Omaha A building owned by the Rock Island railroad at Manly his been leased for the plant Govern ment priorities were procured for the purchase of machinery and indications are lhat the plant will be ready for operation Nov 1 Glen Pogelcr elevator manager at Badger has been procured as manager of the plant Two mills will be operated with COURTNEY LAWYER Ihe a capacity of at least 1000 bushels a day One of the incentives for starting a plant in North Iowa is that it will make it possible for farmers to procure Ihe soy bean meal which is one of the byproducts in the manufactur ing Participating elevators were asked to subscribe 51000 or more Most of the coop organizations voted to purchase from SlOOO lo S20QO additional stock I Participating elevators each of IN CAMP FOR AMERICANS DBS MOINES Clyde JseI Herring son of former Unit ed States senator and Mrs Clyde L Herring has written his parents from Germany that he now is in a separate prison camp set up for Americans Captain Herring an infantry intelligence officer has r YOUTH DROWNS IN TURKEY RIVER Leland Aberg Fails to Come Up After Dive C R E S C Aberg 21 son of Mr and Mrs Theodore Abevg who live three miles south of Cresco was drowned in the Turkey river just below the mill dam at Vernon at 8 p m Fridaj The body had not been recovered late Saturday morning Lcland with Kenneth and Dick Kiikac brothers ancl John Lukes all living near Cresco had been jumping off the bank into the whirlpool below the dam Thev would dive in above the whirl pool come up below it then try it over again Young Aberg got loo close to he whirlpool and was drawn into it The body has not been seen since Sheriff Percy Haven and Cor oner E L Bradley of Cresco in tpi workecl until midnight Friday in which has one member on the an effort to recover lhc body but board of directors of Ihe associa tion are situated in Slacyvillc Garner Osage Lcland Rockfoixl Manly Forest Cily Klcmme Lit tle Cedar Portland Rudd Scar villc Woden Grafton Hanlon lown Burchinal Rockwell Lake Mills Thornton Nora Springs Sheffield Thompson Plymouth ftorthwood and Clear Lake Meet Preliminary 16 ChuichillF R Session QUEBEC Quebec military conference entered its second and most significant stage Saturday as the top men guiding the destiny of the United States mighty forces began war councils with their British counterparts TUe sessions were preliminary to a forthcoming conference here sometime soon between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Neither has yet ar rived Churchill left earlier in the week for an unannounced destination Meantime speculation was heard here that Anthony Eden British foreign secretary might attend One spokesman ques tioned on the possibility coun tered with Well there are some odds hell come The chiefs of the American army navy and air forces arrived here Friday night and engaged in brief preliminary discussions with British chiefs of staff but not untiP Saturday did they get to work in earnest The Americans are Gen George C Marshall chief of staff of the army Admiral Ernest King commander in chief of the navy Gen H H Arnold commanding the army air forces Admiral Wil liam D Leahy personal chief of staff to President Roosevelt and LI Gen Brchon B Somcrvell chief of the nrmv service forces The first Tour are the Ameri can representatives on the per manent combined AngloAmeri can chiefs of staff The British chiefs of staff are Gen Sir Alan Brooke chief of the imperial staff Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound first sea lord Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal chief of the air staff Lt Gen Sir Hastings Is may chief of staff to British Prime Minister Churchill and ViceAdmiral Lord LouisMount batten chief of combined opera tions Abruptly and almost com pletely he BritishCanadian dis cussions which comprised Ihe first phase of the war parleys I here have dropped out of the pic of dragging the river was I lure Canadian Prime Minister icsumod Saturday morning with W L Mackenzie King and his a large crew of volunteers assist1 chiefs of staff still were on hand ing Hooks were being used from I but they were fading inlo lhc a boat which was tied near the i background Gas Ration Coupons to Be Worth Only 3 Gallons in Midwest Starting Monday Sweeping Dictum Issued by OPA Is Seconded Promptly by Ickes WASHINGTON gas for the midwest and southwest a promise of more for Ihe east and in time abolition of the pleasure driving ban was decreed by gov ernmenl authorities Saturday The sweeping dictum on motor fuel was issued Friday night by the office of price administration and promptly seconded by Interim Secretary Ickcs the Petroleum ad ministrator for war It provided that ration coupons in Ihe midwest and southwest are worth three gallons instead of four starting at a in Monday ban on pleasure driving in the 12 northeastern states may be lifted by Sept 1 if current re strictions nve obeyed gas for Ihe east is in prospect for possibly late in Sep tember The Atlantic coast stales have been gelling along on n gallons per A coupon and 2 for and C tickets OPA let out its announcement after the news leaked in the middle said Act ingAdministrator Chester Bowles with the reductions in supplies allotted to us no other course was possible OPAs announcement of gaso ine cuts in the midwest 1 ana southwest coincided with jr statement from Interior Secre tary Ickes that available gaso line in those sections would be off 15 per cent from the June consumption Bowles said the casts ban on pleasure driving would continue on an honor system basis at least until Sept 1 nre anxious lo remove it as quickly as possible Bowles said We are sincerely hopeful lhal his can be done by Sept 1 But Ibis removal must be conditional upon a proper observance of the ban in the meantime so thai our eastern coast slocks can be built up The OPA order did not change the Vjasic gasoline allowance in the restricted eastern states nor in the west beyond the Rocky moun REDS STORMING INTO KHARKOV NAZIS FLEEING New Russian Offensive on Central Front Is Reported Advancing MOSCOW Russian troops were reported storming through the streets of Kharkov Saturday battering down rear guard resist nce of Germans trying to cover he headlong flight of the giiri tains dam The water in the river Is un usually high following the record rainfall Friday morning and there are fears that the body might have been carried to considerable distance downstream Normally the water at the point where the young man went down is about three feet deep but it was probably twice that depth at the time of the mishap The mother of the young Doubted Report That Bear Was Jn Woods SOCORRO N Mex ers set out with tongues in their cheeks to track down a bear which was reported to bo terrifying the it turned out about the last official source in Ihe country to an nounce the 25 per cent gasoline eut to midwest and southwest motorists Original plans to announce the cut from here Sunday while filling stations were closed and thus prevent a rush of motorists lo gasoline pumps But the news came in i from all over the midwest and soulhwesl Friday It became so general thai OPA hastened its an nouncement for one thing to check the possible spread of ru mors OPAs lightening of midwest and southwest gasoline allotments coincided wilh Ickcs disclosure of a cut in daily quolas Tor those sections Effective Sunday avail able gasoline in the middle west will be 20160000 gallons a day and 3880000 gallons in the soulh wcsl Ickes said reduced civilian consumption of gasoline is nec essary in the middle and southwest because of an al readyexisting shortage of crude oil in that area and an impend ing shortage overall brought to a head of hvue military re quirements The cut he added has been in dorsed by the oil industry Joseph B Eastman director of lhc office of defense transporta tion ODA said the new gasoline rationing program will not affect necessary commercial travel in the middle west It is our plan he said to reserve out of the gasoline al lotted to ODT for the transporta tion facilities and services of those districts sufficient gasoline to meet the necessary require countryside man I was in a hospital at the time of the accident and she has not yet been informed of it They They came back convinced found not one bear but two One 300 pound anima mauled the dogs so badly lhc hunt bad to be recessed and other commercial vehicles Bowles said it was OPAs hope that the cut in the middle west and southwest would build up sufficient supplies to increase the value of coupons in he 17 Atlan tic coast states possibly in Sep tember t son Soviet front dispatches re ported ait enormous traffic jam in the narrowing eseaie corridor southwest of Kharkov as hun dreds of trucks and cars evacu atiiiff German troops tried to zel through causing a state of con fusion bordering on panic Red army assault forces were storming into the city through the northern northeastern and eastern fringes while on their wings other units were slashing into the flanks of the menaced German communications to the southwest in attempts to complete the encirclement of Kharkov and trap Uie enemy rear guard With the fall of Kharkov at hand the Germans were devoting their main strength lo an effort to halt the red army onrush mid way along the railroad to Poltava and northwest of the fallen Akh tyrka bases Several fresh German armored and infantry divisions heavily supported by planes began strong counterthrusts northwest of Kharkov The soviet drive toward the Dnieper on a broad front ap peared to have been impeded somewhat by the naxi action but the red air force still held over whelming mastery of the skies and there was no sign ot a halt on the offensive 4 Some 350 miles to the red army columns drove through crumbling axis defenses half way between Smolensk and Bryansk on the central front in the third soviet offensive in less than a month More than 100 towns and vil lages have been liberated in ad vances of up to 13 miles along a 30mile front in the Spas De mensk area in the initial thrust of the new offensive the soviet high command said The assault to break final re sistance in Kharkov Russias fourth largest city wis pressed from the north northeast md southeast with victoryflushed soviet troops buttering down rcar guard resistance Front dispatches quoted work ers who escaped from Kharkov that the Germans have been pull ing out from Kharkov in steady streams through a narrowing cor ridor to the southwest since Aug 6 When buying a pack of cigarcfs contribute 5c to Cigarets for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas Allies Squeeze In on Messina Germans Fleeing By KELMAN MORIX ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA by everything from blockbusters to machinegun bullets from the air aul artillery fire from the sea the German army has begun a full scale evacuation in an effort to save as much material and mini power as possible from the wreck age of Sicily tor the battle of Italy f With their center caved in by the allied capture of Raidazzo north of lit Etna the Germans put their evacuation machinery into full swing it was officially announced Saturday They were retreating behind a strong rear guard which fell back rapidly in front of victorious British and American infantry attacks Sweeping to within 34 miles of Messina in virtually all sectors the allies captured Piraino on the north coast Florcsla in the central sector and Riposto Ginrrc ancl Milo on the eitst coast All Alt Elnn is now in allied hands An allied commentator confirm ing previous field reports of the German withdrawal said there no longer was any question but that the Germans sole aim was to escape to the Italian mainland with as many troops ami as much equipment as possible Allied aerial reconnaissance showed that ships crossing the narrow homotossed Messina strait were arriving empty on the Sicilian beaches and depart ing loaded he said The strait he added was under con taut lire from British light warships and coastal craft and from the fleets of allied bombers shuttling back and torth through that flak alley with their loads of 2000 pound blockbusters and cannon and machinegun ammuni tion RAF and Canadian Wellingtons dropped twotonners on ports on both sides of the strait and even laid strings of them along the beaches where enemy infantry was seen wading to the boats The overall picture in the nar rowing Messina bridgehead be gan to resemble the German col lapse at Cap Bon in Tunisia fast May hut with this chief differ ence The German retreat was orderly and a weary German rearguard was offering a fierce covering resistance Bui the British incl American infantry was stabbing in ami making rapid inroads particularly in the central sector where the fall of Randiizzo has made the whole area unleinblc It appeared doubtful if the enemy would be able lo extricate lve C his heavy equipment dehbcratoly Allied engineers worked fever tlleso war MOST COMPLY WITHCONDITION SET BY ALLIES U S Britain Must Be Convinced Military installations Moved LONDON Pietro Badoglios government is taking immediate steps to declare Rome an open city under international law as a result of the second heavy American bombing of the Italian capital Italian broadcasts said Saturday A British government spokes man intimated u London an nouncement on Ihe subject might be forthcoming later if There was no confirmation iit official circles here however or in the text of a Stefan news agency announcement from Home as 1o whether the dec laratiou was actually in allied hands or that the Italian sov mimcnts proposals would prove acceptable Obviously Ihe allies would have lo be satisfied that the seat of Badoglios continue fighting actually stripped of all military installa lions cleared of the government and closed as a transit point for troops nnd supplies before they would accept it is an open city The Berlin radio as well as the Rome station transmitted the Italian news agency announce ment of tile decision It was not immediately clear whether the Italians consulted their German allies before taking the step that was announced Saturday 1 To prove acceptable to the imileil nations it was certain that such steps would have to be lakcn as o sever almost com pletely the important military snpply lines which run from northern Ilaly to the exposed southern part to which German armies are now being evacuated from Sicily Tiie whole military administra tion of Italy had been concen trated in Rome under the cen tralized fascist system and re mained so Jitter the collapse of Mussolinis regime md the aboli tion of fascism Obviously to satisfy the allies lluly would have lo disperse this crumbling yiant al a military yovcrtmienl as well as rid Rome of its defenses ancl military in stallalions Even war factories would have lo be closed or moved lo return Rome to a basis of peace The al ishly clearing wide and cleverly placed minefields pushing road blocks aside constructing by passes around craters and land slides caused by a liberal use of dynamite ancl rebuilding bridges As hey near ilic cojist the allied troops probably will come under he bombardment of butteries of Ininch shore rifles erected on the shadow of induslries in the monuments of Chris tianity ancl western civilization hoping they would be safe there by The allies already have said that before I hey would accept a declaration of Rome as an open city Uicy would require assurance from ui investigation by neutral or protecting powers that all such Italian mainland to beat off allied been curried out warships and lay down a curtain llclp no indication Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITV Moderate temper a lures Saturday afternoon somewhat warmer Saturday night ancl Sunday forenoon IOWA Scattered showers in tiie northwest portion Saturday night and in the cast ancl south j portions S u M d a y forenoon j wanner in lhc west portion Saturday night I MINNESOTA Scattered showers Saturday night and southeast portion Sunday forenoon cooler northwest portion late Saturday night and north and west por tions Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Friday 86 Minimum Friday night 55 At 8 a m Saturday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum fis Precipitation 25 of steel before the evacuation op cralion These Riants jtuns llirouinir 240ft pounds shells a ilistancc of 20 miles already hart been in ac tion and naval reconnaissance indicated that there were several groups of them near the Italian toe An allied naval communique disclosed however that British light and coastal sea forces twice had swept info Messina strait at night without meeting any opposi tion but encountering the fire of these shore batteries which did no damage Motor torpedo boats even sent fan of torpedoes after three enemy merchantmen as they en how far such a process may have gone The axis broadcasts were re coided by the Associated Press and Ihe ministry of information if jp Tiie Italian announcement saitl Hie sovcriimcnl had been waiting since Tuly 31 for a re sponse from the allies to a com munication sent through the Vatican fn he July 28 house of commons on Ivor Thomas n labor tercci Messina harbor nnd heard an explosion presumably caused C I11010 by the attack lhc existing Other light naval forces Thc smashed again al tiie German rearguards opposing the British eighth armys advance on the east coast An allied air communique dis closed that the air fleets carried member of parliament asked what conditions needed to be fulfilled before Rome could be regarded as an open city On this occasion Sec retary Anthony Eden said if the Italian government approached us in this matter the we would consider circumstances The Italian rapilal has been bombed twice by formations of American bombers on July 19 nnd AUK 13 with its railroad ncl work lhc principal target each out heavy attacks on roads nnd railways beaches near the evacuation Medium and listhl bombers throughout the morning Friday attacked road traffic moving from the crumbling front toward the strait and then switched their atlack to the strait They sank six small cralt ancl damaged 16 others carrying beaten German troops and their salvaged equipment The climinal ion of the use of these tracks for the movement of troops and military supplies would be one of the obligations entailed m the declaration of an open city V Olhcrs would be the with drawal of troops from the city cessation of manufacture of war supplies and the admission of an allied commission to Rome lo sec lhat all obligations were carried out Kcutcrs quoted the Italian news ;