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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A fftr CE S COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT HB FIRM BOBS A MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PEESS AND UNTTKD PRESS FULL FIVE CENTS A COPY WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 14 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWC SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 263 USTAKES AIRDROME ON SOLOMONS British Cruiser Lost in Taking Aid to Malta REPORT ITALYS CRUISERS FLED IN SEA BATTLE English Give First Allied Account of Mediterranean Fight LONDON IP One of the greatest sea and air battles of tiie Mediterranean has cost Britain the cruiser Manchester and the aircraft carrier Eagle but resulted daughter in delivery of reinforcements and new planes for Malta and saw Italys cruisers again turn tail and run according to the British ad miralty Knovn axis losses include two submarines sunk and two cruisers hit by torpedoes said the admir altys communique which Friday gave the first official allied ac count of the battle which had been in progress since Tuesday Theadmiralty intimated that the convoy might have suffered further losses or damage say ing it is not to be expected that extensive and dangerous operations of this type carried out in close proximity to enemy bases can be completed with out loss It declared however that pub lished axis claims were known to be exaggerated Combined German and Italian claims included Sunk three cruisers two destroyers 21 mer chant ships and the aircraft car jrer Eagle damaged one battle ship two aircraft carriers cluding the U S aircraftcarrier Wasp and numerous other steam ers and menofwar Originally however the Ger mans had claimed only 21 mer chant ships were in the entire con voy The Manchester was a 9400ton cruiser completed Aug 4 1938 Her peacetime complement was 700 men Besides 12 sixinch guns she carried three planes The ad miralty disclosed that many of her crew were rescued and others may have reached French Tunisia near where she went down The admiralty gave this account of the running sea and air fight Naval operations have been taking place in the western and central Mediterranean during the past few days said the text of tlic communiqun Our forces were under com mand of acting Vice Admiral M N Syfret C B These operations have resulted in supplies and reinforcements reaching the fortress of Malta de spite very heavy enemy concen trations designed to prevent their passage The reinforcements include e number of fighter aircraft Measures taken by the enemy consisted of packs of Uboats large numbers of torpedocarry ing and divebombing aircraft and slrong forces of Eboats torpedo boats operating in the central narrows A force of enemy cruisers con sisting of ships armed with 8inch nnd 6inch gunjs concentrated the Tyrrhenian sea and steered lo tiie southward as if to attempt to interfere with the passage of our convoy enemy cruiser force how ever never came within range of our ships and turned back on being attacked by aircraft Results ol this attack jvcre not observed The enemy cruisers were in tercepted and attacked on their way back to harbor by one of our submarines under command of Lieut A C G Mars R N Two hits with torpedoes were scored on enemy cruisers Reports arc awaited of the con siderable air operations carriec out by naval aircraft and aircrafl of the Royal Air Force Destruction of one Ubont has already been announced and now is certain that at least one more has been sunk Loss of the Aiicrafl Carrie Eaple already has been announced The boaid of admiralty regret lo announce that the cruiser H M S Manchester Capt H Drew D S C R N was damaged and subsequently sank Many survivors have been picked up and it is believed that others have reached the Tuni sian coast since the position in which the ship sank was close ta that coast Next of kin will oc informed as soon as possible It is not to be expected tha extensive and dangerous opera Child Born to Lindberghs in Detroit DETROIT A fifth child was born here Thursday to Mrs Charles A Lindbergh informed sources said Friday Physicians and officials at Henry Ford hospital here refused any comment and attempts to reach Lindbergh who is employed by the Ford Motor company were un availing Whether the child was a boy or a girl could not be learned offi cially Detroit newspapers said it was the Lindberghs second REDS CRUSH 1ST BIG ONSLAUGHT AT STALINGRAD Russians Admit Nazis Make Advance of 50 Miles Down Caucasus By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Marshal Scmeon Timoshenkos ed armies were reported to have rushed the first great nazi on laught toward Stalingrad Friday ounterattacking to drive back he Germans after they had jroken through and reached the on below Klctskaya 75 miles northwest of the big Volga steel Sonc conclusion ANNE LINDBERGH of child ions of this type carried out i lose proximity to enemy base an be completed without loss Any further information re eived by the admiralty will b nade known as soon as possibl o far as this can be done giving assistance to the enemy vhose published claims are knou o be exaggerated Navy Reopens Cable Plant at Bayonne BAYONNE N J navy Friday seized the strike bound Bayonne plant of the Gen eral Cable corporation and an nounced it reopened the factory at 3 p m Any interference with lie operation of this plant is an offense against the United States said the notice of seiz ure posted by Rear Admiral Harold G Bowen A navy spokesman said how ever there were no present in tentions of bringing in sailors 01 soldiers to enforce the order be cause compliance appeared a fore plains on the northern the towering Caucasus Henderson Leads in Songs During Blackout MONTPELIER Vt Henderson was just about to sit down to a bridge game at a hotel here when all of Vermont was lunged into a surprise halfhour lackout test Dispensing with cards the federal price admin strator led his companions in singing old American folk tunes until the allclear was sounded city Soviet dispatches said he Germans opened a shortlived breacli by sending huge num bers of tanks into a narrow sector The Germancontrolled Paris radio asserted that part of Stal ngrad was in flames under in tensive nazi aerialxattack In the Caucasus the Russians acknowledged that German flying columns driving down the Ros lovBaku railway toward the Caspian sea had advanced with in 150 miles of the Grozny oil fields after a 50mile thrust in 24 hours The invaders were now leaving the flat side of range a terrain ideally suited for tanks and had come within sight of snowcapped Mt Elborus ris ing18465 the steppes A bulletin from Adolf Hitlers field headquarters emphasizing the new phase of the fighting de clared The enemy exploiting mountainous terrain which is particularly favorable for de fense is still putting up resis tance in order to cover his re treat on the sea route from the north Caucasus ports German headquarters also ac knowledged that the Russians were attacking heavily at Vor onezh in two key sectors on the central Moscow front and two sectors on the northern Lenin grad front Besides Voronezh the red armys counter blows struck at I A short took over For Pacific Base Sinking of Brazilian Tanker Is Disclosed A CARIBBEAN PORT The sinking of a Brazilian tanker 3y a German submarine recently in the Caribbean 450 miles from the nearest land was disclosed here with the arrival of 18 survivors The name of the tanker was not disclosed nor did the survivors say how many of the crew were miss ing The loss of 11 Brazilian vessels previously had been announced since the spread of the war to the western hemisphere Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered showers and thunderstorms and cooler Friday afternoon Cooler Friday night and Saturday forenoon Friday night and Saturday forenoon scattered showers extreme cast portion Friday night light rain north portion Friday night and Saturday forenoon cooler east and slightly cooler west portion Friday night Continued cool Saturday forenoon fresh to moderately strong winds Fri day afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 75 Minimum Thursday night 66 At 8 a m Friday 66 Rain 25 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 56 Vyazma about midway on the old Napoleonic highway from Moscow to Smolensk and at the German strongpoint of Rzhev 130 miles northwest of Moscow In addition the Germans cited fierce soviet attacks below Len ingrad in the Volkhov and Lake Ilmen sectors where the Russians declared they had killed 3000 nazis in two days of fighting and captured a point held by the in vaders for more than a year Soviet dispatches said the Ger mans counterattacked 11 times in a futile attempt to recapture the point on the shore of Lake Ilmcn The Russians said they were also attacking in Hie Bryansk sector 200 miles southwest of Moscow and reported their tankled infantry had forced the Germans to retreat under a smokescreen after abandoning 56 firing points While the Russians look the in tiative in the north the situation the Caucasus became even more grave A red army bulletin conceded that German troops racing toward the Grozny oil fields had readier Mineralnye Vody only 24 hours after breaking through soviet de fenses at Cherkessk 50 miles to the west The Russians said they were greatly outnumbered Mineralnye Vody is less than 175 miles from the Caspian sea time after the navy 800 strikers voted unanimously to end the unauthor ized strike and return to work The vote was on a motion made by Daniel Uslan a machine oper ator who said lets return to work for Uncle Sam and redouble our efforts Michael Pelrakian strike chairman said the workers would return to work under the same conditions that prevailed before the strike was called Monday midnighl V Addressing the meeting Petra kian said We all know what happened since we met yesterday and were all damn glad it happened Were all sailors now We know Uncle Sam will treat us right We have a real boss Admiral Bowen assumed man agementof the plant Admiral Bonens announce ment was made after a confer ence with Brig Gen R K Robertson director of internal security division second service command Governors Island N V and company officials After they had entered the plant General Robertsons chauf feur stood guard at the gate with a submachine gun No pickets were in sight President Roosevelt Friday gave tiie order to take over after the strikers estimated at 1000 by their leader voted to continue the walkout they started Monday midnight Admiral Bowen former chief of the navys bureau of engineer ing took charge of the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock com pany at Kearny when the navy seized it and operated it for 134 days last year before returning it to private management A strike leader Friday hailed the presidential order and fore cast it would signalize an im mediate mass return to work Two lighters pulled up along side a cargo boat arc load ed with tools and supplies for a new U S base in the southwest Pacific U S Brings Suit Against 2 Texans for Striking Negro Charges Police With Violating Civil Rights of Soldier on Bus Phantom Barber Attempted to Impair War Workers Morale PASCAGOULA Miss UR Police Chief A W Ezcll claimed Friday that the phantom barber who broke into at least 10 homes to cut the hair of the sleeping occupants is William A Dolan 57 a German educated chemist Dolan Ezell announced h been in jail for three weeks anc is charged with attempted mur der His motivation Ezell charged was to impair the morale of war workers Dolan was charged in connec tion with an assault on Terrcl Heidelberg and his wife by th phantom barber the night of June 13 They were beaten with an iron pipe and were the only vie tims of the barber who suffere physical harm beyond losing thei hair Limit Terriers Kill to 60 Rats Daily DENVER the rat killing fox terrier has had her rodent supply daily is her limit City rat eradicators said the dog waits beside holes into which cyanide is pumped then grabs the rats when they emerge The men feared shed get too much of the poison TAKES RUTGERS POSITION NEW BRUNSWICK N J Snmucl H Reck Jr extension edi tor of the Iowa State college ex tension service has been ap pointed to a similar position wit the New Jersey extension servic at Rutgers university PLAN PRACTICE BLACKOUT DES MOINES first practice blackout here is sched uled to be held in September ac cording to Col H HPolk civil ian defense director Koop Gives Views in Backstage Politics While Frank T Nye low Daily Press columnist is on his vacation for two weeks training with the Iowa State guard at Camp Dodge he will have a series of guest writers conduct his column Backstage in Iowa Politics The column by the first of these guest Archie H Koop publicity chief for the state democratic head nuarlcrs appears on pane 12 WASHINGTON eneral Biddle announced Friday at the government had initiated ederal court action against two eaumont Tex police officers for iolating the civil rights of a Ne ro soldier Biddle said that he had ordered le filing of an information in ederal court at Houston against oticemen Blyde Brown and Billy Jrown for mistreatment allegedly ealt Private Charles J Heco on uly 28 after Private Reco was rdered off a bus for taking a scat eservcd for white passengers The soldier was bcntan when he lighted from the vehicle and vhile being taken to police head uurtcrs was shot twice Biddle aid in a statement released by the ffice of war information The defendants will be taken nlo custody as soon as pracli able Biddle said and will be barged with a violation of the ivil code which provides that no itizen shall be deprived of his ivil rights under the color of tate laws Biddle said he had acted upon equest of the war department The offense is a federal mis demeanor and as such may be 3roughl directly into court through he filing of an information with out recourse to grand jury pro i fantastic Jap laims Given Out by Tokio By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor For comfort at home imperial okio headquarters issued a fan astie claim of allied naval losses i the eightdayokl battle of the jolomon islands Friday but signi icantly omitted mention of land ains by fighting United States riarines Recalling Tokios dreambook accounts of the Coral sea and Midway battles both of which turned out to be spectacular united nations victories the Japanese command reported the sinking of 13 British and American cruisers nine de stroyers three submarines and 10 transports in the Solomons ceedings Maximum penalties upon conviction are one years impris onmentor 51000 fine or both Student at Spencer Air Training School Is Killed in Crash ESTHERVILLE T Mc Culloch student at the air corps training school at Spencer Iowa was killed Friday when his plane crashed on the Chris Jcnson farm miles south of here He was alone in the plane 71 was the second fatal crash at the school A student and an instructor were killed Aug 4 In addition the communique said a cruiser three destroyers and a transport were damaged in attacks by Japanese warships and suicidediving Japanese airmen On the debit side the Japanese acknowledged only that two of their cruisers were slightly dam aged and 21 planes lost In contrast with the enemys claim of 35 allied warships sunk and five damaged official united nations figures so far show only one cruiser sunk and two cruis ers two destroyers and a trans port damaged in the attack on the Solomons While Tokio maintained si lence on land operations in the Solomon island 900 miles north east of Australia the war min istry announced that LieutGen Masaharu llommn had been re lieved of his post as commantler inchief of Japanese forces in the Philippines to permit his as signment elsewhere This might mean that Ilom ma was being shifted lo the Solomons to direct the defense of those highly strategic is lands where American leath ernecks by latest accounts are expanding it least three beach heads Meanwhile Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs headquarters announced that allied bombers were contin uing to blast at Japanese war ships and transports apparently trying to reinforce their garrisons in the Solomons MARINES STILL PUSH INLAND IN FIERCE BATTLE Confidence Steadily Rises in Australia as Americans Progress GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia UR States marines have cap tured Kokum on Guadalcanal is land most valuable airdrome site in the southern Solomons and the Japanese seaplane base off Tulagi it was believed Friday Confidence restrained pend ing a definite communique by the navy department at Wash ington rose steadily in Australia Ihat the marines now held firm and meant to keep their hold in the islands This confidence was increased by new fantastic Japanese claims re garding allied naval losses which admittedly were expected to be heavy because it was believed the Japanese were cushioning their public opinion against news that the marines had consolidated their positions Reports to Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs southwest Pacific head quarters indicated that the ma rines were still driving inland in savage hand to hand fighting on at least three key islands and that they might already hold two or more useful atolls in the Tulagi FloridaGuadalcnnal area Peruvian Officials Duel No One Hit LIMA Peru pistol duel between Minister of Interior Guil lermo Garrido Lccca who re signed earlier this week and Deputy Arluro Osores Galvez was fought here Thursday Neither contestant was hit The duel fol lowed remarks made in the cham ber of deputies by Osores attack ing the minister whose resigna tion has not yet been accepted by President Manuel duelists each exchanged Prado The three shots Tight official secrecy cloaked the progress of the South sea islands battle with the navy in Washington announcing only that operations are continuing Dispatches said there were in dications that Americas first of fensive of the war had now grown into a struggle of major proportions which might niter the whole course of the far Pa cific conflict Radio Accidentally Overturns Kills Baby MINNEAPOLIS Minn 4 month old baby girl was killed when struck by a radio which was overturned accidentally by her mother Karen Anderson died of a skull fracture after being struck as she lay on the floor Her moth er Mrs Clifford Anderson was cleaning the room when she ncci I dentally upset the radio Where the Marines Hit the Japs The United Slates and allied fleet and air forces conlinued fighting a fierce battle on the eighth day of the Solomon is lands offensive the first big United States offensive opera tion of the Pacific war H was indicated that the fleet was driving off probably inferior enemy surface units and fighting back against a ferocious enemy aerial attack with its hardpressed naval planes United States south Pacific naval headquarters reported that the first casualties of the Solomon islands battle had arrived at American base and field hospitals somewhere in the south seas to he attended by medical units of Johns Hopkins Pennsylvania nnd Maryland universities and that more were on the way General MacArthurs commun ique No 123 issued at noon Friday at headquarters reported a fero cious attack on a Japanese rein forcement fleet in New Guinea waters evidently bound for the southern Solomons Racing flying forlrcsscs and medium bombers believed o be martin twomotored B26s fast est of their class in the world rivaling that of some fighters attacked the fleet three times Thursday in force and though the weather interfered with ob servation of results it was hoped that a shattering if not fatal blow had been given to the enemjwarships and transports steaming toward the battle zone The first fleet of MatArthurs planes flying fortresses were challenged by six Japanese Zcrr fighters and shut down two and damaged three Medium bomber which made up the second fleet engaged seven Zeros and shot down one The third fleet be lieved to have been composed of both fortresses and mediums was not challenged All allied planes returned safe to base after hav ing shot down three at least and damaging three of a force of 13 of Japans best planes ft was believed that both flying fortresses and mediums were out again Friday off the Australian coast trying to give the death blow to the enemy fleet in sup port of the United States and al lied forces in the Solomon islands under Vice Admiral Robert Lee Ghormlcy commander in the south Pacific Silence at the nnvy department at Washington ot tiie Pacific fleet headquarters of Admiral Chester W Nimitz at Vice Ad miral Ghormlcys headquarters in New Zealand and at General MacArthurs headquarters here left the details of the Solomon islands battle unknown But it was notable that each diy the atmosphere became more optimistic While American marines fought to consolidate their position in the Solomon islands united nations bombers smashed piano symbols at key points in the Jap sup ply line to the Solomons to hinder Jap reinforcements on the way to the battle WATERLOO MAX SENTENCED OLYMPIA Wash Stalcy 27 of Waterloo Iowa was one of three Fort Lewis soldiers sentenced here to a maximum of 35 years in state prison for rape and grand larceny in con nection with a recent incident in which a Chchalis Wash woman was the victim ;