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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 14, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THS NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTION ONE F Goat Munitions Supply Studied NAZIS SAY REDPtyof23 MORA niiTvnF j LINES BUCKLING NORTH SOUTH Declare Beleaguered Russians at Odessa Trying to Escape by Sea By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS On the RussoGeiman war front Adolf Hitleis high com mand reported Thursday that German and Rumanian troops had reached the coast of the Black sea between the Bug river and Odes sa main base of Russias Blick sea fleet in a continuous relent less pursuit of fleeing red army forces in the lower Ukraine A bulletin from the nazi fuehrers headquarters said thc beleaguered Russians were pre paring an attempt to escape by sea and that the luftwaffe was raining destruction on their transports anchored along the coast Simultaneously the nazial licd Finnish high command as serted that red army forces en circled in the Lake Ladoga area north of Leningrad were trying to flee in boats from several lake Ports Coupled with the desperate noijghtof Russian armiesat the southern end of the batHefront the soviet high command ac knowledged that a new German threat had developed in the north with nazi troops pressing sharply toward the important Leningrad Moscow railway line With both ends of the soviet line apparently buckling under the fury of Hitlers third great offensive the Russian high com Accompanied Churchill LONDON Minis ter Winston Churchill was ac companied by a party of 23 when he left England to confer with President Roosevelt at sea it was disclosed Thursday The depar ture was so secret that even some members of the party did not know where Ihev were ohiE when hey left Included among Chinchills high ranking advisers was ter of Supply Lord Beaverbrook who is proceeding to Washington to coordinale BritishAmerican ac tivities under the lendease law It was disclosed that during their absences from their respec tive capitals Mr Roosevelt and Churchill had several conferences News of the meeting was lo Britain by Lord Privy Clement R Attiee Promptly at 3 MORAL DUTY OF U S IN BETTER WORLD IS SEEN British Believe Aid of America in Postwar Policing Is Implied LONDON moral nbtiga lion on he part of the Unite Stales to help shape a bette world arteiaiding in the ovor throw of nazism was seen by Biit ish sources Thursday as a resu of the meeting of President Roosc velt and Prime Minister Winsto Chiiichill at sea British circles also took the po siliou that point eight in the join 1L u BritishAmerican statement im P m 9 a m CDT the chimes tne United States wouli of Big Ben pealed and then Atflee PrePaed after world disarma a baldish man with a deep offiwent to join in aiding whatcve cious voice stepped before a mi crophone and disclosed one of the most momentous political events in Britains long history Without ceremony Atllee told Britains 48000000 people that Churchill had met Mr Roosevelt somewhere off the coast of the United States in a precedentshat tering conference mand again issued a noncommit tal bulletin at midclay During the night of Aug 13 14 nothing of importance oc curred on the front The by contrast in timated that a double Dun as ended the great nazi campaigns in Flanders and be imminent German infantry columns were reported tightening a trap around Odessa and advancing steadily to ward Nikolaev 65 miles farther east after destroying soviet rear guards covering the main red armys retreat to the sea Russians failed to mention ac tion in that sector but admitted German forces lo the north had reached the area of Staraya Kussa 80 miles from the Mos cowLeningrad railway and 140 miles southeast of Leningrad They admitted too that Smo lm wcre Icnsk the cilcwav lo Moscow certain Thursdnv as to whn BLUFF CRIES NAZI AUTHORITY Churchill and F R Statement Coincide With Ukraine Gains BERLIN first author izecl German reaction to the va aims statement of Presiclen Roosevelt and Prime Ministe 1 Churchill was that thc whole dec laration was a propaganda bluff Churchill and Roosevelt ar unfortunate in their declaratioi being made at a time when every hour brings new reports of im pressive successes for German arms in the Ukraine one spokes man asserted Previously there had been on H i factllal the United States president anc British prime minister had me and issued their joint statement Police WatchGradual Reunion of Family Not Sure Who Was Lost NEW YORK who watched a gradual reunion of the Paul Eckc family still were been abandoned Germans have not only long daimeri Smolensk but some Berlin reports have placed German troops as far as Vjazma 140 miles from the capifal Aerial activity by both sides i was apparently heavy The Ger mans said that in 24 hours they had brought down 184 soviet planes while losing four of their own the Russians said they brought down 43 German planes with a loss of 35 of their own Bad weather forced a lull in the GermanBritish air war overnight however In Istanbul the official Turkish radio said British and Russian assurances on the Dardanelles wrrc welcome and expressed Turkish anxiety for peace Political circles in Ankara ex pressed belief Britain and Russia would scon move to occupy Iran and that Turkey would probably stimd aside The Chilean chamber ri depu ties received a bill to outlaw nazi organizations while a proGerman deputy asserted that 95 per cent of the army officers were German A I year old son Paul reached the police slalion first accom panied by a patrolman he bad met on thc street lo report his father lost The boy was so calm about it the police let him play in a back room while they hunted the parent The father Paul reached the station breathless to report the son lost The child saw him and exclaimed Were you found al ready Mrs Ecke a dancer arrived a few minutes later looking for Ihe rest of her family Soldier Trying to Escape From Guard Is Shot and Killed pro 18 CASES REPORTED DES MOINES de partment of health officials said A Tnursday Iowa encephalitis cases 18 Tnursday Iowa encephalitis c reported so far this year total io while 32 cases were reported dnr X ins a similar period of 1940 Woodbmy county reported five A rases in July and Pottawaltamie 1 county fivo cases this month GfcORGE G MEADE ivici soldier was shot and kiled Wednesday in an attempl to escape from a guard while on a work detail near the post inciner ator on the Laurel road post Headquarters announced Head quarters gave the soldiers name as Private Avonn T Cooper about 28 of headquarters battery of the 36th held artillery Fort Bragg Youth Escapes With at Des Moines DBS MOINES young man about 19 years old held up Jim Dcmas at his chili parlor in downtown DCS Moines early Inursday and escaped with S600 Dcmas reported to police Dcmas was preparing to close Ihe cafe when the bandit came in vv juin in tuvilLlg W IliilUVU system might be set up for polic ing the1 world Points six ana eight in he joint declaration concerning postwar aims and policy were regarded here as most signifi cant but it was also pointed out that the statement indirectly suggested an offer for Japan to abandon aggressive tactics in re turn for a promise of open world markets In British eyes the declaration was designed to overshadow all o the talks betvveen Adolf Hitlei Benito Mussolini and other axi figures and to fill a longstandint desire for a statement of war aims The various points in order o importance wore compared ti Woodrow Wilsons famous 14 points but it was believed that cer tain aspects of the declaration would be sharply criticized in lib eral circles here The British viewed the eieb points in order of importance T follows Point A moral commitment by the United States to continue It assist to the utmost and to occupy a sent at the peace conference to aid m shaping a better world Point Eight Foreseeing tlie disarmament of assessors after the war the United Slates would by implication be ready then to join in whatever system might thc Point promise to all na tions of access to world trade and raw materials was apparently de signed to counteract avis propa ganda regarding the alleged en circlement of the axis powers and the complaints of the have countries The value of this pledge however was reduced in thc eyes of some British observers by the qualifying pluase that this would be with due respect for existing obligations probably meaning such obligations as the Ottawa preference system and the Ameri can high tariffs Point eight was believed sure to meet with criticism on the ground ihat it proposed unilateral disarm ament m the spirit of Versailles This criticism however seems Blunted somewhat by declarations n the final sentence pledging measures to lighten thc arma ments burden of peaceloving pco Tne most exlyaordinary aspect of the historic meeting was the participation of a nation which has cmamed aloof from the shooting By engaging in these conversa ons the United States was be icvcd to have committed herself mcquivocnlly to the success of thr icmocracics and indicated thr icnccforlh war strategy would be mapped not only in London and Moscow but also in Washington Some quarters offered he opinion that thc Roosevelt Churchill meeting undoubtedly would consecrate he growing popular feeling among people of the United Kingdom that the center of gravity of thc English speaking world has shifted to the United States They felt that this development vould meet with widespread ap roval of the common Britisher The average Briton is expected o regard this as a natural devel prncnt in the course of events cflecting the conviction that has rown in this country in the past iv months that some sort of pcr nancnt political alignment with he United Stales is indispensable Her the war hat met in a momentous eon on which Kooseveit traveled to the rend voua Secret Parley Held at Sea Disarming Aggressors Essential BEAVERBROOK IN WASHINGTON Arrives in American Built Bomber With British Markings WASHINGTON am Lord Beaverbrook arrived here by air plane Thursday and proceeded at once lo the British embassy He arrived in Washington in argo Americanbuilt bomber with British markings Secrecy prevailed atnrmy and navy airfields here and it was not iiioivn immediately whether he was accompanied by anyone He was expected to hold a press con ference later in the day owa Legion Approves Defense Stand Taken by National Organization DES MOINES the clos ng moments of its convention the own American Legion Wcdnes lay approved the national defense by thc national or organizaltoifs po taken iiiimalion The mi I ion I ition If fighting necessary to de end the United States we insist lon being prepared to do the ightmg outside of thc United The national Legions executive ommiltee has amended the state ment to urge that the United States navy be used to insure the delivery of war materials food and medical supplies to Great Britain Another resolution urged con ress to authorize the army or ome other governmental agency o provide equipment for the use f state departments of the Amcri an Legion in boys citizenship amps Weather Report FORECAST 1ASON CITY Partly Thursday night and Friday light scattered showers rnrly Thurs day night not much change in temperature OWA Fair lo partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday a few light showers northeast early Thursday night slightly cooler west Thursday night and in west and central Friday 1INNESOTA Partly cloudy oc casional showers southeast slightly cooler northwest Thurs day night Friday partly cloudy with seasonable temperature IN MASON CITY ilobeGazctte weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 78 Minimum Wednesday night 36 55 08 Text of Statement i T lexi otfcnceded for their ermmmir Ihe white house The following statement signed by the president of thc Uniled States and the prime minister o Great Britain is released for the information of the press The president of the United States ami the prime minister Mr Churchill representing His Majes tys government in the United Kingdom have met at sea They have been accompanied by officials of their two govern ments including high ranking of ficers of their military naval and air services The whole problem of the sup ply of munitions a war as pro vid by the leaselend act for the arrmcd forces of the United Stales and for those countries active engaged in resisting aggressioi has been further examined Lord Beaverbrook the ministe of supply pf the British govern ment has joined in these confer ences He is going to proceed to Washington to discuss further de tails with appropriate officials o the United States government also cove pply problems of union The president peiity economic ptm r They desire lo bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic fiek with the object of securins foi all improved labor standards eco nomic advancement and soda security C After the final destruction the nazi tyranny they lioue to see established peace which will afford to all nations Die means of dwelling in safety within thcii own boundaries ami which Maximum Minimum Precipitation These conferences the supply problems of thc sovie nnd the prime ninister have lint several confer ences They have considered the dangers to world civilization nris ng from the policies of military domination by conquest upon which the Hitlerite government of Germany and other governments associated therewith have em arked and have made clear the stress which their countries are respectively taking for their safc y in the face of these dangers They have agreed upon the fol owing joint declaration Joint declaration of the presi dent of the United States of and the prime minister Tr Churchill representing His Majestys government in the Jnitcd Kingdom being met to gether deem it right to make cnown certain common principles n the national policies of their cspectivc countries on which they 3Jse their hopes for a better fu urc for the world Their coiiniries seek no ag grandizement territorial or other O They desire to sec no territorial changes that do not accord with thc freely expressed wishes of thc peoples concerned O They respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live and they wish to see sover eign rights and self government restored to who have been forcibly deprived of them 4 They will endeavor with due respect for their existing obli gations to further the enjoyment by all stales great or small victor or vanquished of access on equal Ipimy o the trade and to the raw materials of thc world which are afford assurance thai nil thc men in all the lands may live out ihci fleedonl fear and Such a peace should enable all men to traverse the high seas and oceans without hindrance They believe that all of the nations of the world for real istic as well as spiritual reisons must come to the abandonment of the use of force Since no future peace can be mainlnincd if land sea or air armaments continue id oe employed by nations which threaten or mny threaten aggres sion outside of their frontiers thev believe pending the establishment ol a wider and permanent system of general security the dis 11 tell IIIU UlS armament of such nations is essen tial They will likewise aid and encourage all other practicable measures which will lighten for peaceloving peoples the crushing burden of armaments Signed FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT Signed WINSTON S CHURCHILL Mother Recovering From Fifth Caesarian Operation in Omaha OMAHA MVMiF Cecilia Lit lay m a Thursday ccovcring from her fifth Caesar ian operation In the hospital nursery bawled icr sevendayolrl sonl Robert Henry And at home patiently nwaiting their mothers rcturo were the other four children each delivered by Caesarian section Doctors terming the record very unusual said mother and child will recover Iowa Boy Falls From Swing to Water Drowns DAVENPORT ailing rom a swing fastened near the vateis edge 8 year old Richard Hays late Wednesday drowned in a gravel pit near here He wa the of Mr and Mrs John Hiys of kv Point Iowa tL vjivai uiiLtiiu u LCI a secret meeting at sea joined in a declaration of general war aims today which voiced a determination to achieve the final destruction ol the nazi tyranny At XS A while house annniinccniunt cmlimlvin the cihl pont joint declaration sllid the wo national Teaders with their high ranking military chieftains examined Ihe hole problem of the supply of munitions of war for those countries actively in resisting r 3roblunw union I i u Bntish minister of supplv iamc Thnrs lay IQ U ashinaton to discuss finther details In several conferences the announcement said the y considered the dangers o world civilization arising rom the policies of military dom ination by conquest upon which the Hitlerite govinn ment of Germany and other governments a s s o c i a t e d Initiative in Parley Taken by Roosevelt LONDON By Telephone UR in thc Pacific are believed to have been one of the chief reasons for the historic meeting at sea of President Roose velt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill Now that the secret of the meeting is out it can be re vealed that thc initiative came from Mr Roosevelt through Harry Hopkins Tlie wo leaders Iiail never met despite Churchills prewar visits to America Throughout the 15 months of his premier ship btlh were in constant direct communication including fre quent licart to heart telephone conversations To political im pulses prompting tiniticctinK was ailileil plain human curiosi ty The IHissinn war raised number less questions especially that of iuick effective help to the soviets American supplies lo British home and middle eastern forces thc convoying of American tanks and other war materials presented changing problems requiring ve Vichys subservience to the axis nvotving the fate of French North ind West Africa and touching western li e m i s p h e r e defense seemed to call for fresh definitions of American and British pnlicv More remote but plexitics like German influence in ran were crciling rising concern Soviet resistance for tiic first imc convinccrl many doubters hat Germany can be defeated In stcacl nf cncuurafliils Mi Roose velt md Churchill to rclnx how ever the hurling of roughly four mhs ofXGcrman nrmcri power lirist Russia impelled the pre mier and president to prepare yet more telling action V These issues alone would ex plain why Messrs Roosevelt and Churchill decided lo sit down with their servicechiefs ami in an intimate personal chat thresh out the strategic and po litical problems faciiiK them Had these motives failed to their meeting Japans dc ianee of all American and British ppeals nnd warnings lo keep itbin bounds clearly seems lo inve done the trick Recent B r i t i s h Australian Duicli Kist Indies staff talks arc cportccl to have progressed so moothly that the president and rime minister probably discussed lie next defense measures in he acific It KvitJiin Australia and the Netherlands Kist Indies wcre o oncludc a defensive alliance thc Jnitcd States would be expected View that development fivor bly Washington might indicate its yrnpithetic attitude while mak ng dear that the integrity of the Outch East Indies comes within he framework of American urily The Iw0 leaders of the dcmoc acic are assumed to have exarn nccf fully the consequences of 1 urthcr Japanese advance In Ihc outh in Thailand and of Ihr in reasmg conccntralinn nf armed forces near Siberia therewith have embarked The statement said they made cleir the stress explained here as probably meaning steps whicii tiieucountries arc respectively taking lor their sifety in thc face of these dangers The joint declaration onstilut the most concrete war aims yet disclosed on thc British side set out certain common princi ples in the national policies of thenvesnorlivo countries tn which they basu their hopes for a belter uorlcl president md prime min ister declared Ilicir belief iflcr their historic meeting at sea that aricr thc final of Hie nazi tyranny the dis armament uf nccrcssor nations is essential pending thc estab lishment of a wider and per manent system of ccueral se curity In addition to disarmament f agKics01s the U SBritish pearc proclaimed Iti thc world by Mr Roosevelt and Churchill tured Opposition lo forceful terri torial conquest Gunranlccs of freedom of the seis Improved labor standards economic advancement and so cial srctiritv Access for all victor and vanquished to world trade and raw materials Ucstoraliim ol their chosrn forms of government lo people have hccu forcihtv tlr prived of them Niilher liritain nor the Unil iil SIiIes seek acrranrtiriMttcnl territorial or oilier Ilrciloni for all from fMr anil uniil The joint declaration sjnjnijng by implication any future axis PCILC offer which docs not en tail complete capitulation to Brit ain and her allies contained no mention of any American military action or of strategy whicli might be followed by the United States m Hie battle of the Atlantic or on other fronts The whiniouso statement said only that President Roosevelt and Prune Minister Churchill havr met at scV without indicating where the unprecedented confer ence occurred It said thev were unnicd by high ranking nf Jicials including Btvivcrbrook but here was no specific mention in he announcement of Harry llon leaselend administrator hose whereabouts also has been mystery since he Hew back to ndon after in Moscow with high soviet officials Tlie omission of course did nol mean that Hopkins was not nlso present and in London Thursday fie was reported either hack in Ihc United Slates or on hi way back Background of Mystery Meeting Mr Roosevelt left Washington Aug 3 for wluit was announced as a short vacation cruise and some fishing somewhere off the north Atlantic coast He left hi snccinl train at New Lonrton toiin and boarded the presiden tial yacht Potomac The ship was not iilriy at sea before the first vnglle ;