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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 13, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa CGtar NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER cDITED FOR THE HOME VOt LI Associate Prea and United Press Full Leased THE NEWSPAPER THAT 4Flve Oats Copy MASON cnnr IOWA MONDAY AUGUST is 1945 This Paper Consists of Two SecUoosSectlan One MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS JAPANESE DELAY REPLY Allied Planes Reds Smash Ahead One Man 9s A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Cltjr SunanSt Jap Air Force Hits Back at US Fleet BULLETIN San Francisco Japanese Dome news agency reported Japanese planes were attacking the U S fleet off the coast of Honshu east of Tokyo Monday afternoon The federal communications commission recorded the broadcast No mention was made of results By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor The Pacific war went on Monday with Kussian armies pouring unchecked across Japans north Asiatic conquests and perhaps 1500 allied planes hammering at Japan itself With no reported sign of Tokyos reply to allied surrender demands the Nipponese air force struck back at Admiral Halseys great fleet off Tokyo and damaged one major U S warship off Okinawa Tokyo said increasing American invasion forces were concentrating at Okinawa Propagandists suggested renewal of air attacks at dawn Monday night presage an imminent invasion Associated Press War Correspondent Richard K OMalley with the ileet said a log blanket kept the air raiders from Tokyo itself and they concentrated on coastal airfields Yokohama docks submarine pens and shipping Earlier returning flyers said they had added at least a score Nipponese planes to 711 they knocked out last Thurs and Friday and an uhtolcl number of ships to last weeks bag of 93 Sixtytwo other Nipponese sur face craft were added to this toll by landbased aircraft under General MacArlhur and naval search planes At least 6 Japanese aircraft were shot down as they roared out ol the fog in attempts to hit Halseys fleet Monday OMalley reported Admiral Nimitz said an aerial torpedo damaged a major U S warship perhaps a battle ship orcarrier in Okinawa wat ers Sunday night The ToJiyo ver sion was that it was a large sea plane tender and it was sunk by submarine torpedoes The combined American toll of Japanese shipping included 8 de stroyers or destroyer escorts and one submarine sunk and 7 de stroyers or destroyer escorts dam aged There was no official report on the toll taken by an estimated thousand or more carrier plarws andperhaps 400raiders from Ok inawa hitting Nippon Monday Nor was their any confirmation of a Tokyo report that Superforts had resumed their attacks by hit ting the industrial city oi Matsu yama Sunday B29s were re ported ready to spray rice fields with oil if necessary and to at tack Japan within in a month with triple the U S bomber force that helped eliminate Germany BetByUSon Pinhead Speck Washington was only a pinhead sized speck but its po tentialities were so great Uncle Sam bet an atomic bomb could be built The story of this spectacular speck a stuff called Plutonium was told by the war department in a weekend report on the rise of the atomic bomb Its fall had been disclosed previously jn re ports of how it crumpled Hiro shima and Nagasaki The report was another chapter m the story of how American sci entists cooperating with the Rjtor3i glvOI AmesT Tuesday p s VTAD P m KSCJ Sioux City Saturday P Distance Wont Save Us the Next Time ALBERT Einstein says he un derstands that new atomic bomb His is a distinction I don t share I read and I frankly I dont understand the principle of atomsmashing in volved I only know that its an invention both wonderful and ter device designed to alter the fundamental character of the institution known as war In its impact on the war against Japan it takes rant right alongside the news ol Russias declaration of war against our Pacific enemy Bat its implica tions for wars of the future are even more vast arid potent Man has unloosed in this atomic bomb a source of energy as ex pansive almost as the universe itself And the big haps the greatest question ever to face man in a physical is whether this new invention is to be used for mans good or for his destruction It can be either IN THIS commentary Im not going tb detail the marvels of the atomic bomb The air and the press have been filled with this sort of thing since its first use over Hiroshima Japan and the magazines can becounted on to follow through Suffice it to say that as an ex plosive force this atomic prin ciple dwarfs into insignificance the TNT and other Tximbs which over a period of 4 years made a shambles of London Berlin and most of industrial Europe On high authority its stated that if the atomic bomb had been perfected by the allies the war in Europe could have been brought to victorious conclusion many months before it was And if the Germans had perfected it Id rather not con template that possibility THE STORY toiled down is that the next next war there is to be one of mass civilian extermination Distance isnt going to make any body safe Nobody will be se cure merely because he happens to be remote from the enemy or the battlefronts In the face of this grim reality Its crystal clear that no nation can afford the luxury of another thats what it is But that in itself isnt sufficient guaran tee that there will be no more wars Atomic bombs in the hands of a Hitler would be a means of opening the gates to world sub jugation To him and his kind that end would prove more im portant than any other considera Continued CD Pace 2 Only U S Knows Ottawa United States is the only country which knows all the details of the atomic tomb but the information would be made available to Canada and Britain if they should ask for ft Munitions Minister C D Howe said Monday WhilCicada made esscrtial of the bomb the government for reasons of security decided not to ask for complete details of the bomb and the United Kingdom followed a similar coarse Howe told a press conference British defeated the Germans in a race to develop the atomic bomb The race brought discovery of 2 new elements neptunium No 93 and plutonium No 94 both derived from uranium As recently as I94Z there were only 500 mierograms of plutonium in the world And it would take more than that the report said o wake the head of a pin The atomexplosive possibilities of U235 another uranium prod uct which also can be used id the bomb have been known for some time to the Germans as well as us SAFE AT LAST FROM PRISONSHIP AND TYPHOONGrimy Leaten starved but still game Australians and other Britishers are helped aboard the U S submarine Sea lion alter escaping into the water when their prison ship was torpedoed In all 150 for mer captives were saved frora the stormlashed China sea by 5 Yank subs that sank 10 ships in one action They and many others were being taken to prison camps in Japan Signal to Start Civilian Production come when Japan announces ca pitulation later when surren der papers are signed and VJ day is proclaimed officially Uashmgton W Emergency plans ready government agencies Monday awaited a white house signal to start the American economy toward a goal of unprccedented civilian production The signal due when Japan quits alsowill serve to unveil pro grams for putting millions of released war workers in peacetime jobs as rapidly as possible and for gradual lifting of rationing and other wartime restrictions Expected quickly too are plans that may provide for easin of stringent wage controls and outline the scope of price controls in the immediate postwar period In the meantime this is the homefront outlook as the war ap pears to be nearing the end RATIONING Elimination of gasoline fuel oil and tire pro grams within a few days to 6 weeks after VJ day gasoline may be released within a week Shoe rationing is due to go in 2 or 3 months Food especially meat and sugar will stay under controls for some time because of continuing military require ments CONSUMER GOODS production before theend of this year particularly of such small items as toasters irons and other home appliances At least 500 000 passenger cars double the number planned originally are expected Refrigerators and washing machines also are likely to be in good supply late this year PRICE AND RENT CONTROLS to be retained for at least 6 months possibly a year on a lim ited scale of ficials estimate at least 5000 000 war workers will lose their jobs within 6 months after VJ day They make no prediction how long it will be before these work ers can be absorbed in civilian production r o o p demobiliza tion is expected to prevent lifting of restrictions for at least 60 days All agencies with a part in re conversion have been told by the white house to say nothing about their plans until President Tru man gives the word And no one knew whether that would Ralph Stuart Named Iowa Legion Chief Des Moines Ralph R Stuart of Hampton was elected commander of the Iowa depart ment of the American Legion at the final session of the 1945 streamlined convention here Mon day Stuart a former third district Legion commander has been ac tive in post and district affair Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional showers and thunderstorms Monday night and Tuesday No decided change in temperatures Iowa Partly cloudy and warmer Monday through Tuesday Scat tered afternoon and evening thundershowers in north and west portions Minnesota Mostly cloudy occa sional showers and scattered thunder storms Monday night and in extreme east portion Tuesday morningCooler north west Monday night Moderate temperatures Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Sunday 82 Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 55 Maximum Saturday 78 Minimum Saturday 58 At 8 a m Sunday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 53 TOKYO REPORTS NEW VAST MOVE BY RED TROOPS Manchuria Offensive Threatens to Cut Off Half Million Japs tendon o k p o reported Monday a vast new soviet offen sive in Manchuria which threat ened to cut off possibly a half million Japanese troops in China and split an estimated 1500000 enemy forces on the Asiatic main land into massive pockets There was no immediate soviet confirmation of the Tokyo report which originated at command headquarters of the Japanese Kwantunff army in Manchuria A Moscow communique fourth of the sovietJapanese war told of soviet sains of 9 to 22 miles to ward the central Maiicliuriau ar senal city of Harbin The soviet bulletin also an nounced that Russian marines in vading Korea under the guns of the soviet Pacific fleet had seized the vilal ports of Rashiii and Yuki on the sea ot Japan after Adm Ivan Yumashevs ships bombarded the bases and red army planes cascaded tons of ex plosives on the wharves and har bors in a 3 day aerial pounding The Tokyo radio heard by the FFC reported seaborne soviet troops had begunlandings on the southern part of disputed Sak halin island Tokyo previously has retorted an invasion of the territory known to the Japanese as Karafuto The Domei dispatch said the landings were under way at An belsu and Esutoru the latter about 60 miles south of the bor der on the west coast Anbelsu is just across the sovietJapanese Rashin a great Japanese naval base just 35 miles from the Rus sian naval anchorage of Posel south uf Vladivostok was the besl enemy port of Korea From Rashin and Yuki 10 miles far ther northeast the Japanese had shipped the vast war production of Manchurias industries to the homeland Should the Russians capture Linsi and drive on to the Yellow sea coast 240 miles farther south east the enemy would be isolated in China The town is 197 miles from the China frontier and only 70 north of the northernmost rail line linking central China with Mukden in Manchuria hat BULLETIN Washington white house announced Monday jat as of a m CWT no word had been received from Tokyo regarding Japanese surrender SURRENDER SITUATION By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tokyo delays reply to allied terms for emperor White house says war still is in progress New atomic bomb attacks seen unless enemy gives up soon Washington allied world waited with grow ng impatience Monday for word that Japan is ready to sur on allied terms Prolonged delay on the part of Tokyo appears certain to bring a resumption of American atomicbomb attacks Mean while except for such attacks the fighting in Pacific and Asia continues full scale There seems to be no disposition among officials here to engage in further exchanges regarding the meaning of unconditional surren der What is wanted now is a or no reply Tokyos attitude remains completely obscure If Premier Suzukis cabinet is split in a iifeancldeatli debate as some authorities suspect the enemy radio has given no hint RALPH R STUART since the organization of the Le gion He succeeds Hugo P Saggau of Deruson Walter Muff of Sioux City was elected chef de gare of the grand voiture of Iowa 40 and 8 District cheminots included H A Austin of Mason City represen ting the 4th district The convention was expected to reaffirm the candidacy of RL Rev Monsignor E J Smith of Sioux for national chaplain of the American Legion in 194G The de partment endorsed him for the 1946 post last year Other officers named were Thomas H Wiley Walker Kar F Hass Clear Lake and Dr Redfield C Mills Redfield vice commanders R J Laird Des Moincs adjutant Henry H Boyce Mason City historian the Rev Franklin Wale s Shenandoah chaplain H S Heggem Atlantic sergeant at arms G M Brown Whiting member of the nationa executive committee and Ben Nichols Nichols alternate na tional committeeman The convention expressed op position to a proposal to free con scientious objectors ns soon as VJday comes The proposal was branded as a direct and needless insult to fighting men still in th service More Death Bombs Due If Japs Refuse BULLETINS Chungking Chiang KaiShek has warned Chi nese communist military forces never again to take independent action aud to remain at their present positions awaiting further instructions ta Bern authoritative Swiss source said Monday that the Japanese statement that the allied reply had been received in Tokyo only Monday was not correct and that the reply actually had been in Japanese hands since Sunday morning tJy UNITED TRESS The Japanese Domei news agen cy FCC monitors reported Mon day advised its editors at 7 a m CWT that it was cancelling cer tain regularly scheduled transmis sions to the urient for the next 12 hours It gave no explanation for the move By UNITED PRESS The Japanese Domei news agen cy said Monday that the mayor of Hiroshima and 2 other high gov officials were killed in the Aug G atomic bombing of the Japanese city London Brussels radio quoting a dispatch frora what it called the New China Agency said Monday the 18lh communist army group in northwest China had launched a strong offensive in cooperation with the soviet army against the Japanese in Manchuria and China San Francisco UR Radio Chungking said Monday that Jap anese troops in Chekiang province on Chinas east coast had ceased fighting because of Japans sur render order The broadcast re corded by the FCC said a Japa nese liaison officer had been dis patched to the Chinese first ground division in that area to negotiate surrender FIND JAP GENERAL Manila body of Lt Gen Sosaka Suzuki highest rank ing Japanese officer known to have been a casualty in the Philip pines has been found by Ameri can troops General MacArlhurs headquarters said Saturday False Flash Sets Off Premature Victory Celebrations for VJ Day t r I victory celebrations springing from radio broadcast of an erroneous United Press news flash that had accepted allied surrender terms swept the United States and Canada Sunday night and awoke briefly jubUantechoK in cen trai America and faraway Sydney Australia ecnoes in cen The Canadian celebration was intensified by premature release of fVom ouwa Prime King of the United Press Hugh Baillie United Press pres ident offered 55000 reward for information leading o the identi fication and conviction of the person who transmitted the false flash The UP told its subscribers that I the federal bureau of investiga tion and the federal communica tions commission had been asked to ascertain who had cut in on the UPs wire to disseminate false information Although the longawaited re port of the wars eni was killed quickly by UP and the major ra dio networks which had cut into their regular programs to carry it the message Japan accepts surrender terms of allies inaugurated hi larious celebrations that lasted for an hour or more in some cities A white house denial that 3 Japanese surrender had been re ceived followfar the UPs kill by about an hour finally dimmed the enthusiasm of victorjgreeters In the short interval between the false flasK and its denial bedlam had its heyday The high squeak and baritone roar of ship whistles and horns sent up thun derous fanfares at New York Citys East river and in the har bors of Los Angeles San Fran cisco Portland Me Honolulu and San Diego Big good humored crowds gathered in the city hall court yard at Philadelphia at Portland Ore Baltimore Boston and other cities In Washington D C a cheering throng surged around the white house but dispersed quietly upon denial of the surrender re port A philanthropic barkeeper in Battle Creek Mich had poured out S3Z wosth of drinks on the house1 before he learned there was no occasion for it Turbulent crowds in Halifax N S sought to storm the same liquor store which was looted in the riotous observance of VE day Police reserves checked them with difficulty Children burned fences for rent bonfires in one section of Pitts burgh Celebrators estimated at 100 000 in number marked the even in Sydney Australia by swarm ing through Martin place to up root a memorial tree upset sev eral news stands and tipped ove a water fountain Firemen wen mobbed their engine sirens am headlamps smashed New Yorks Times Square wa jammed by thousands who cheer ed obligingly for photographer as they awaited confirmation the surrender news In Yorks Chinatown as in ui Chinatowns of San Francisco So Diego Toronto and Montreal kindred of the people first attack ed by Japan joyfully hailed apparent downfall of New the her of it At both the white house anrt late department there was obvi ms disappointment that the Japa had not responded Sunday a statement accepting Satur note clarifying the post surrender status of the emperor President Truman and Secre iry of State Byrnes were on the Ojb early and late and an air of tense expectancy was reflected by their associates The white house perfected plans lor the actual signing of surrender terms Charles G Ross presidential jecretary said the arrangements might take 2 or 3 days after the enemy accepts But if a Japanese agreement to surrender its forth coming promptly VJ day still might be proclaimed in mid week Ross said the president would not make the proclamation until after the signing however Then he added the chief executive will address the nation immediately by radio This information wounfl up a hectic Sunday during which top officials stuck close fo their desks or telephones Hopeful at first they became puzzled as the day wore on hat the enemy should delay so long in accepting terms which Washington had been con fident would be readily taken The alternative to acceptance it was generally agreed is to be found in Mr Trumans radio speech Thursday night At that time he warned the people of Ja pan to flee their cities because Japanese industries are to be ob literated by a thorough campaign of atomic bombing which only surrender can prevent Presumably the fate of the mi kado continues to be the central point of a situation which began developing Friday morning Then the Japanese government sent word that it would like to sur render on the basis of the Pots dam with the un derstanding that the cmperoc would retain his prerogatives as a sovereign ruler Mr Truman acting on behalf of the United States Russia China and Britain replied in a note given to the Swiss legation for transmission to Tokyo Satur day It said 1 That after surrender the au thority of the emperor is to be subject to the supreme comman der of the allied powers who will tell the emperor what to do The while house said later this COTK mander will be an American and speculation is that it will be Gen Douglas MacArthur 2 That the emperor must In sure Japans signing of the sur render terms and the actual sur render of all Japanese land sea and air forces now scattered from Manchuria to the Dutch East Indies 3 That the ultimate form of the Japanese government will be de termined by the people themselves at some future time The Potsdam ultimatum pro vides for disarmament of Japan breaking up of its empire occu pation of the country and the lib eration of its people from war lord control The terms did not mention the emperor and it was considered logical that the Japa nese government should try to make a deal for him if it could The presidents note cleared through Bern Switzerland late Saturday Washington time Pre sumably it was in the hands ot the Japanese government by urday night ;