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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 11, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME or ARCHlVt THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Press and United fig Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 111945 BIG ACCEPT JAP PLAN BUT EMPEROR RESTRICTED SOVIET TROOPS MAKE BIG GAIN IN MANCHURIA Use Massive Artillery in Push of 106 Miles Against Strong Enemy BULLETIN London announc ed sweeping new fains all along the 2000mile Maticnurian front in the 3rd day of the war against Japan and disclosed Saturday night that marshal Alexander Vasilevsky former commander of the 3rd While Russian army in East Prussia was in supreme com mand of Russian troops in the East Asia theater By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soviet Siberian armies stepping up a massive artillery and armor offensive with the same tactics which crushed the Germans on the European eastern front had i made gains up to 106 miles into Manchuria Saturday against some of Japans strongest divisions While allied governments Tidied a Japanese offerto sur der soviet forces in 4 mighty Ires were pouring across the DO mile KnssoManchnrian frontier with columns of tanks trinoretl cars and cavalry backed jjp by the heavy artillery which demoralized the nazis front stretches pngolia to the border area 75 jles northeast of the great Rus port of Vladivostok jjhere were no new reports either from Tokyo or iuuscow on the extent of the re ported invasions of the southern half of Sakhalin island and Korea Moscow has not mentioned these fronts where the Japanese radio said penetrations had been made in force Swarms of soviet planes both from land bases and the Pacific fleet struck enemy positions in a combined attack A Moscow dis patch Japanese ports south of Vladivostok were bombed heavily as were Japanese vessels on sea routes On the 3rd day of the Soviet Japanese war at least 6 separate columns were driving towards Harbin Japanese arsenal city and junction point on the Chinese eastern railroad Sensational progress was reported by soviet high command The Russians announced a penetration ot 93 miles with the Capture of the rail and highway junction of Hulun cut ting the only western highway supplying Japanese troop concen trations in extreme northern Manchuria From there the Soviets hammered their way forward an other 12J4 miles into the great Khingan mountains a total gain of 206 miles This surge put the Russians about 80 miles from a pass where Vie Chinese railroad crosses the range and within strik Ji distance of the centra Man basin another drive the Russians milewide Amur river will ijessouth of the Russian base p aveshchensk and captured ge Japanese army base of iVIr resistance from Ja sh Kwantung army but smreges of g miles south from Aigun to a point 280 miles due north of Harbin were reported 6 Men Killed in Okinawa Blowout Okinawa least 6 men were killed and 30 more injured by falling antiaircraft shell frag ments and bullets in Friday nights spectacular display of rockets ack ack and flares celebrating Japans surrender offer a survey disclosed Saturday The halfhour demonstration by forces on Okinawa was quelled only when island commanders or dered tne air raid alert sounded and then warned the men over the radio to cease firing because ol danger to lives B29s Fleet Will Still Hammer Japs Guam mighty fleets of Superforts warships and carrier planes will continue to hammer Japan until she is defin itely out of the war Pacific commanders made this clear Saturday after both B29s and Admiral Halseys 3rd fleet gave Nippon a one day rest from their explosives and only General Mac Arthurs far east air forces carried on their missions against Japan Unless otherwise specifically directed naval forces will con tinue to batter the enemy and then will watch for possible Nip ponese treachery Admiral Nimitz announced His headquarters ex plained that Halseys fleet had planned Saturdays respite before Tokyo made a bid for peace Superforis too will continue to Wast Japanese industries with atom demolition and fire bombs until the war department tells them to stop said Maj Gen Cur tis Le May chief of staff of the V S army strategic air forces B29s which demolished 30 per cent of Nagasaki Thursday with a new and more devastating type of atom bomb had cancelled sched uled Saturday raids The JJagasaki atom bomb was so explosive it made the first atom bomb obsolete said Brig GenThomas F Far rell atomic chief of the Pacific In what may prove to have been the last naval strike of this war Admiral Halseys carrier pilots of task force 38 destroyed or damaged at least 523 Japanese planes in successive daylong sweeps over northern Honshu Thursday and Friday raising their JulyAugust toll to more than 1800 They stabbed 110 miles across Honshu to hit the port of Niigata on the sea of Japan and slashed along a 400mile arc from Yoko hama in Tokyo Bay to the north ern tip of the main home island A total of 7 cargo vessels were damaged off Niigata and off Omi nato and Aomori both on Hon shus northern tip and a de stroyerescort of the new Kaibo kan class was hit at Yokohama The navy emphasized that a state of war still exists with Ja pan implying no letdown in pressure by the 3rd fleet which presumably remains in Japanese waters ready to turn its guns and planes once more against the ene my Whether Admiral Halsey will return to action view of fastmoving peace offer devel not be ascertained General Spaatz U S army strategic air forces headquarters issued no elaboration of its terse statement the B29s are not fly ing Its massive sky fleets doubtless are prepared to resume at any moment their atomic in cendiary and demolition strikes Tokyo radio said B29 minelay ing operations continued until early Saturday morning YANKS RETURN FROM OVERSEAS New York the Marine Fox which was scheduled to ar rive in harbor here Saturdav were the following North Iowa soldiers Cpl Donald Bailey Waverly Pfc Gordon L Johnson De corah Gerald Feesur Aredale Pfc Herbert C Bredarl Milford On the ship from southern Min nesota were the following Second Lt Clayton K Gute Austin Pfc Bohumil B Moraver North field Pfc Dwighl D Evans Blue Earth Pfc Herman Vang Roches ter Pfc E O Hamf Stewartville George L Ulrich Kasson Pfc Chesleagh Albertson Al bert Lea S Sgt Russell A Grotte Fair mont Cpl Robert Earl Austin On he John Harvard due at Boston Mass Friday was Sat Phillip D Paul Alden MANCHURIA r Oy Li C I KI If I i I I WHERE REDS POUND INTO MANCHURIAArrows locate drives into Jap held Second Atomic Bomb Greater No 2 Bomb More Potent Easier to Manufacture Th6 worldE 2nd tomb which Thursday was dropped on Nagasaki was so explosive that it immediately relegated to the obsolete the tost bomb dropped 2 days earlier on HirosWma Atomic bomb Xo 2 not only was far more nolent but was easier lo make Farrell He watched both bombings and said the blast from the 2nd was far greater Scientists who were responsible for the manufacture of the bombs and who saw the frmtition of nearly 4 years of extensive toil in Santa Pe N M and Marianas tories and the crews of the B29s that dropped the bombs all agreed that the feat was almost beyond their imaginations I knew ahead of since last I had to do said Maj Thomas W Ferebee of Mocksville N Car bombardier in the B29 which dropped the first atomic bomb dsstroying 60 per cent of Hiroshima I felt a tremendous responsibility and I knew I must not fail Right on the target I let the atomic bomb go and to say I was very relieved vhen it was gone is putting it mildly Capt Kernfit K Bcahan Hous ton Tex bombardier in the plane that bombed Nagasaki which early reports say damaged 30 per cent ofthat city said his trip pretty rouelj because of bad weather which forced his plane to abandon the primary tar get after 3 runs and o head for Nagasaki as a secondary bomb ing Scientists were elated at the success of the atomic bombing Dr C P Baker of Ithaca N formerly of the Cornell univer sity staff declared If this means the end of the war it is a wonderful realization of the work we put in on the project Responsible for helping keep the worlds biggest secret in guarding the bomb making in Sant3 Fe and transporting Us parlF here by air and sea Lt Col Peer Desilva Jackson Heights N Y We guarded it well that sometimes I really thought it was too secret to work on Desilva said We had no trouble The scientists who were in charge of the bomb here super vised the loading when the bombs were ready for the flights MASON GITYANS ARE DUE HOME Four Mason Citsans were named as arrivals due on the Mt Vernon at Hampton Roads Va Saturday according to an Asso ciated Press dispatch received in Mason City Saturday Listed were Pfc Melford L Torkelson 333 28th S W Pfc Leonard M Calkins 122 2nd S W Pfc Fred R Shelp 434 East State and Pvt Rex A Brockett 32f 1st N E Torkelson has been in the service since July 1942 The other 3 all entered the army in May 1944 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy Oats Crop Is Largest Since 1937 Des Moines OP The largest oats crop since 1937 was predicted for Iowa this year by the Iowa Crop and Livestock Reporting Service on the basis of Aug 1 conditions As the service Friday reported small grains developing better yields than estimated on the basis of earlier condition prospects it placed the estimated com crop yield for 1945 at 518269000 bush same figure Riven a month ago on the basts of July 1 condi tions Oats are now estimated at a yield rate of 40 bushels per acre and are expected to produce 217 360000 bushels compared with 144270000 bushels in 1944 at 30 bushels to the acre The reporting service said the corn crop had made some im provement during the latter part of July but that the stand still was very irregular and for the most part behind a normal sched ule The Aug I estimate placed Ihe corn crop at 89339000 bushels under last years record output but still above the 193443 aver age Production last year totaled 607508000 bushels The 193443 average was 436342000 Theper acre estimate for corn was placed at 47 bushels for this season by the service compared to 54 last year Tho indicated winter wheat yield for the state was set a1 2645000 bushels or 23 bushels per acre Soybean production was estimated at 37680000 bushels an average of 20 bushels per acre compared with 42580000 bushels last year Army Has Secret Plan for Discharge Washington army has a VJ plan for demobilization it was learned Saturday Details are top secret but informed sources figure on a reduction of 3000000 men a year after sur render Informed sources speculated that in event of peace current de mobilization will be stepped up but that no widescale discharges will take place until the Japanese homeland and islands formerly Japaneseheld have been occu pied In other words the army will lake no chances on the failure of any belligerent Japanese to com ply with surrender A Japanese army of probably 2000000 will nave to be disarmed in the Japa icse home islands alone In the meantime it is probable he army will make every effort o release promptly approximately 350000 men eligible under the point system Already it has mustered out 250000 who built up 85 points through combat long service and dependency The army also is expected to make a substantial cat in the critical point score so that pos sibly 2000000 men in all will re ceive point system discharges This would leave a Jt o r c e of 6000000 If all goes well in the initial phasesof occupying Jap anese territory informed sources believe that half or more of that number could be discharged within a year The remainder would form the occupation forces in Germany and Japanese areas man outpost gar risons in Alaska and elsewhere ieep the supply chain moving and provide a reserve in this country At present the occupation force in Germany is fixed at 400000 and military experts estimate that it will take at least twice that num ber to occupy Japan The eventual size ofthe peace time army is still to be fixed by congress Many factors such as shipping and the physical limitations of discharge centers will affect the rate of demobilization but some sources estimate that the army is now capable of handling about 500000 discharges monthly Since VE day the army has discharged approximately 400000 including high point men or monthly aver age of about 135000 Iowa Gets Trucks in Farm Allotment Washington surplus property board Saturday allocated 3923 trucks for farm areas in 20 states The trucks will be made avail able for purchase by farmers co operative associations and farm ers who have been certified by the agricultural adjustment agency county office The states and the number of trucks allocated to each included Iowa 46 and Nebraska 32 People to Decide Ruler in Future BULLETIN Washington UP Ambassador Henri Bonnet Saturday presented to Secretary of State James F Bvrnes a trench request to be associated with the 4 powers inthe act of signing surrender terms with Japan Washington The allies told Japan Saturday she could surrender and have an emperor too provided the throne takes orders from an allied military commander and Nippon s people eventually determine their own form of government lhe Blg 4 of State Byrnes sent this mu acceptance of Tokyos offer to give up The proposed military commander for Japan the white fS au American not yet designated 2 principal conditions of acceptance the of a Surrender Terms Washington is what the reply of the Big 4 the Japanese offer to surrender means in effect so far as the royal house is concerned 1 Because the emperor is the key figure in Japan the allies will use him in ruling Japan 2 But this doesnt mean the em peror can keep his job indefinite ly He can keep it uiuil some fu ture time when the Japanese peo ple can decide whether they want to have an emperor at all Theyll be given a chance lo vote on it The Japanese people havent had any choice like this Theyve had an emperor generation after generation and thus until now have accepted the idea of having one Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday Some what warmer Sunday Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday and Saturday night with scattered thundershowers near the Mis sissippi river Saturday warmer west arid central portions Sun day fair and warmer in south and east portions and partly cloudy with scattered thunder showers in northwest Minnesota Partly cloudy and a little cooler Saturday Partly cloudy with widely scattered showers Sunday Cooler Sunday except near Lake Superior IN MASON CJTY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 75 Minimum Friday At 8 a m Saturday 64 Precipitation 70 YEAR AGO Maximum 94 Minimum gj ln Japa be in accord y exPressett will of the Japanese people 86 did not offer any assurance of a perma 11 on whieh reply BULLETINS Washington house press secretary Charles G Ross said Saturday the supreme allied commander mentioned in the counter proposal to the Japanese government Saturday will he an American Who that American will be I cannot say Ross told re porters He declined any comment on speculation that it might be General of the Army Douglas MacArthur DCS Moines draft call for September will be about the same as that for August and state selective service headquar ters does not anticipate any im mediate reduction in the monthly calls despite he apparent ap proach of VJday Lt Col Robert L Fulton quota officer said Sat urday San Francisco let the world know Saturday that its boy crown prince Emperor Hiro hitos only son was being publi cized at sugRcsting that he might be being groomed as an early successor to the throne A Dome agency wireless dispatch directed to North America said Tokyos Saturday morning papers carried pictures of the crown prince and reports on his activi ties London Swiss broad cast quoted the Japanese radio Saturday as saying that all miii tary operations have been can celled All Japanese broadcasts reported by other sources how ever indicated that Japanese armed forces still were under or ders to fight London London Daily Mail said Saturday that Gen Douglas MacArthur will be nomi nated this weekend to accept the formal surrender of the Japa nese general staff He also will be authorized to impose the al lied terms on Japan when they have btcn settled the Mai said supreme commander where they will be handed the Japanese minister for relay to his government Since transmission is handled by wireless the surrender condi tions deemed acceptable in iiigton London Moscow ajid Chungking could be officially be fore the Japanese government by nightfall eastern war time It was considered doubtful whether a reply and a possible end of the be forth coming before late Sunday or Monday In a reply to Japan through the Swiss government Secretary of State Byrnes said the United States would accept the surrender proposal if the emperor is made subject to the supreme command ers orders This represented the viewpoints of the United States the United Kingdom the Union of theSoviet Socialists Republic and China Byrnes said in his message deliv ered through the Swiss embassy here at a m central war lime Byrnes laid out the following 5 conditions in his message to the Japanese From the moment of the sur render the authority of the em peror and the Japanese govern ment to rule the state shall be subject lo the supreme commander of the allied powers who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate the surrender terms The emperor will be required to authorize and ensure the signa ture of the government of Japan and the Japanese imperial general headquarters of the surrender terms necessary lo carry out the provisions of the Potsdam declara tions and shall issue his commands to all the Japanese military naval and air authorities and to all the forces under their control where ever located to cease active oper ations and to surrender their arms and to issue such other or ders as the supreme commander may require to give effect to the surrender terms Immediately upon the surren der the Japanese government shall transport prisoners of war and ci vilian internees to places of safety as directed where they can quick ly be placed aboard allied trans ports The ultimate form of jrovern ment of Japan shall in accord ance with the Potsdam declara tion be established by the freely expressed will of the Japanese people The armed forces of the allied powers will remain in Japan until the purposes set forth in the Pots dam declaration are achieved The allied positron was made known after a 24 hour period of conferences among the 4 capitals on Japans offer to surrender if she could retain her emperor As the British cabinet stood by in London President Truman held an early morning discussion with Secretary Byrnes Byrnes then went to the state department and talked with Chairman Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations committee Connally told reporters the al lied proposal was acceptable to him although he said he did not know how it would be received Bcnerally in congress Conces sional opinion has been sharply ;