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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND DCS MOINCS CF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United TTeu FuU Leased Ctnts COPT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 11 1944 This Papex Consists of Two One NO YANKS MOVE NORTH TO TRAP NAZIS Put Pincers on East Prussia PLUNGE ACROSS NAREW LOOMS FOR RED FORCE Russian Troops Sweep to Within 50 Miles of Tilsit Memel Moscow ff Russian armies applying a great pincers upon East Prussia swept Friday within 50 miles of Tilsit and Memel and threatened the southern boundary of that home of the Junkers with a plunge across the Narew river Marshal Konstantiii Rokossov sky besieging Warsaw for the 12th day thrust a threatening army group toward East Prussia from positions northeast of the Polish capital This group creased the menace to Warsaw too because it could curve to the Vistula and outflank the Polish city from the north Russian troops already were or more miles inside the triangle which Germany annexec to East Prussia from Poland 1939 In the north the sovie army group of 37 year old Gen Ivan Cherniakovsky sent bomb and artillery shells into the Ger man province and fought bitte and repeated counterattacks at several gateways to East Prus sia In this great action the Ger mans started reporting that they were greatly outnumbered On the threat to the south of East Prussia the official German news agency DNB said the Russians started a new offensive Thursday between Warsaw and Augustow with strong forces which made some A hundred uiUesoCrSO south of Warsaw the Russians widened the breach across the Vistula river to 42 miles and advanced dog gedly to within 26 miles of Kielce In that area the red army stood within 75 miles of German Sile sia and within 35 of Krakow an cient capital of Poland and her 5th City The Germans repeated that another bridgehead had been es tablished over the Vistula 30 miles south of Warsaw in the area The extermination of Germans trapped in the upper Baltic states neared its final phase Two cap tured German generals said more than 30 German divisions per haps 300000 or more men would be wiped out when the Balti drive was finished However some thousands o the Germans whose land commu nications were cut by a Russian plunge to the Baltic 25 miles wes of Riga still may be extricated bj sea The red air force continued to pounce on any shipping seen moving from Baltic harbors East Prussia and Warsaw wer the focal points of battle RUSSIANS show red army attacks re ported in the German communique indicating a Russian threat to East Prussia along a front from Kaunas to a point north of Warsaw in the area bracketed here Ger mans also reported a Russian crossing of the Vistula south east of Warsaw Black line is battle front based on Rus sian communiques 400 Employes of 3 ubuque Woodworking lants Go on Strike Dubuquc JP Approximately 400 employes of 3 of Dubuques voodworking plants went on trike Friday morning The walk out is a protest against the delay of tKe biSard to reach decision on issues between the men and the companies accord ng to union leaders Office workers and maintenance men were at work as usual and union men said no effort would made to interfere with them There were no picket lines Affected by the strike are the Tarley and Oelscher Manufactur ing company the Cavr Adams and Collier company and the Melr Manufacturing company SQUEEZE MADE FOR LORIENT Shells and Bombs Fall on German Sub Base In a V S Army Observation THINK 200 DEAD IN AVALANCHES Rescue Workers Hunt Bodies in Chile Town Santiago Chile workers searched Friday Sjr the bodies of an estimated 200 per sons who were buried 2 days ago when 2 avalanches poured hun dreds ol tons of earth and snow down on the mining town of Sew ell nearly 9000 feet above sea level in the heart of the Andes Thirtytwo bodies including those of 14 children already have been recovered and identified while more than 150 other persons are known to have been buried under the debris late reports from Rancagua said Friday Most of he dead were in 17 bunkhouses which were crushed by the avalanches and then covered with 12 feet of earth and snow ALLIES GAIN IN ADRIATIC AREA Take Hills Dominating Ceasno Valley Italy Rome army Polish and Italian troops lunged forward 2 miles on a 6 mile front in the Adriatic sector Friday to capture hills dominating the Ceasno val ley and occupy Scapezzano Mon terado and Corinaldo key rail and ighway towns The balance of the Italian front vas comparatively quiet with the xception of bitter fighting in the nemy pocket south of the Arno iver and east of Florence But ront dispatches reported heavy xplosions accompanied by great lashes in the German held north rn section of the ancient renais ance city Thursday night The explosions were followed iy a heavy rumble as if from ailing masonry indicating the Germans were demolishing build ngs in the hope of blocking roads vith debris against a British 8th army drive across the Arno The German DNB news agency eportcd Friday that in order to JAPS EXECUTE 3 AMERICANS Recaptured American Sailors Are Victims Washington of 3 American prisoners of war by the Japanese was reported by the navy Friday The men two marine corp noncommissioned officers and navy seaman were killed July 31 3943 after they had escaped from a prison camp were recapturec tried and sentenced to death fo killing a man who participated i their recapture Aug 10 DelayedJV sullen nazi spawning ground of Uboats is dying slowly and stub bornly under a rain of shells and bombs from the besieging Ameri can army A ring of American armor is squeezing the life out of the ges tapo and navalheld undersea fortress which lies fanned out be neath the wings o this tiny piper cub To the left the concrete and iron forts of the once French sea port belch orange defiance and at the same time lick their wounds from 155 MM American long toms slashing into the city de fenses Up here in this artillery spotting plane piloted by Capt Charles D Damon of Ames Iowa it feels quite lonesome This is especially so when you know that a few thousand yards away are some of the most formidable flak defenses in Europe Lorient is cut off and contained with no hope but surrender for the garrison which is headed by a group of fanatical navy officers who Apparently are determined to fight to the last man The famed Uboat pens were invisible Thursday from the air but French and Germans said the American nnd British bombings had failed to pierce their 16foot 3 SUPERFORTS LOST IN 2 RAIDS ON JAP PLANTS 4thMakes Emergency Landing at Forward China Base h Strafed Washington Super fortresses were lost in Thursdays double raid on Japanese industrial targets at Nagasaki Japan and Palembang Sumatra but good results were obtained the war department announced Friday A 4th Superfortress one of the Nagasaki raiders made an emer gency landing at a forward base in China and then was strafed by 4 enemy fighters At least 2 of the enemy fighters were shot down by allied fighters at1 the base Several crews participating in he raid on the Pladjoe refinery at Palembang the longest bomb ng mission ever undertaken ob served large fires and explosions at the target Pladjoe is the largest Japanese source of oil in the far east and a major supplier of high octane motor fuels for Japan the 20th air force communique stated Poor visibility prevented same elements of the force attacking Nagasaki from observing results of the bombardment but they were characterized as good Antiaircraft opposition was re ported meager to moderate at both targets Fighter opposition was moderate or weak Over Naga saki the bombers claimed one en emy plane destroyed Bothof the raids were carried out by medium forces the com munique stated The raid on Na gasaki important center of Japa PRESIDENT TALKS WITH MacARTHUR AND Roosevelt center lias an informal chat with Gen Douglas Mac Arthur southwest Pacific commander aboard a cruiser at Peaii Harbor during his visit to Hawaii At right is Admiral Chester W Nimitz Pacific fleet commanderinchief remove every pretext from British for the systematic the de struction of an open town the erman high command had de cided to withdraw nazi covering orces on the northern bank of the Arno to the northern out skirts of Florence Leaving only small pockets of enemy resistance south of the esano river up lo 2 miles inland from the Adriatic the Polish and Italian troops were probing with reconnaissance patrols northward of the river Friday The 2day push was launched between the village of Ripe and the Adriatic coast just north Senigallla and in the early part of it the Poles captured the vil lages of La Croce and Francaville as well as point 162 and another strategically important piece of high ground about 2 miles north east ol La Croce The gains were made despite heavy storms that raged through the area throughout the offensive and fierce counteroffensives by the Germans aided by selfpro pelled guns and mortars The Germans lost more than 300 prisoners before withdrawing their main forces north of the Ccsano layers of concrete and they were unharmed The little group of cub pilots which has been leading the Amer ican armored columns spearhead ing into Brittany has been doing things with their observation planes which would tarn their ar tilleryspotting instructors at Fort Sill back in the United States gray They are not supposed to fly over the enemy lines but in acting as lookouts for advancing ar mored columns they fly over en emy territory all the time Were sort of clay pigeons ex plained Lt John Maher of Colfax Iowa We fly along until some body shoots at us and then our columns know there are Germans around Girl Scout 12 Uses Artificial Respiration to Save Tiny Brother Indianapolis Ind Gerald English 4 months old was alive Friday because his 12 year old sister Carolyn took her Girl Scout first aid course seriously When she Returned home from her first aid lesson Thursday night she found her brother uncon scious in his crib He had been strangled by his bed clothes Her parents were standing there Iran tic not knowing what to do But Girl Scout Carolyn calmly applied artificial respiration to her brothers small body Mrs English called the police and by the timt an emergency squad ar rived little Francis was breath ing normally neseheavy industry proceeded for one and onehalf hours LASH INDUSTRIAL AREAS IN JAP EMPIRE New Secret Base Near Equator mightly B2D Su perfortresses hammering 2 far flung industrial areas of the Japanese empire set Nagasaki Japans 12th largest city afire and smashed the enemys major source of aviation fuel supplies in a record 3600mile round trip blow at Sumatra in the Dutch East Indies it was disclosed Fri day In their 4th assault in 2 months the huge bombers struck out from secret bases in China and in the southeast Asia command area Thursday to carry out the wars longest aerial mission and the first firebombing of the Japanese mainland Hitting at targets approximate ly 3000 miles apart the 20th air force Superforts ignited the big industrial center of Nagasaki on Kyushu the island at the south ern tip of the Japanese Archipel ago and the extensive oil refiner ies and depots at Palembang in southeastern Sumatra Huge fires were started at both targets Flames spread rapidly through the flimsy wood and pa per buildings ot congested Naga saki one of Japans important shipbuilding centers and the site of heavy industrial machinery and naval ordnance manufactur ing plants Shipways and the drydocfc at Nagasaki were singled out as fo cal points of the raid in which in cendiaries were used for the first time by the B29s against the en emys home territory The SuperFortresses which flew from secret southern bases battered the Pladjoe oil refiner ies at Palembang so heavily thai it was conservatively estimated they could not be rebuilt within a year Palembang the main town oJ Sumatra and approximately 300 miles south of Singapore was es timated to have furnished 73 per cent of the aviation gasoline needed by the Japanese air force and 22 per cent of the fuel oil re quired by the enemys dwindling merchant fleet The Piadjoe refiriry was be lieved to have been operating a or near capacity processing ap proximately 18000000 barrels o crude oil a year The bombers met light but ac curate antiaircraft fire al though no aerial opposition a they ranged over the clearly vis ible targets sticking out from th flat jungle country around the oi capital of the Dutch East Indies Some of the first bombers ove the target reported large fires the refinery and storage areas bunting aviation gasoline stock ROOSEVELT VISITS WOUNDED IN franklinD Roosevelt visit ing in Hawaii with his military commanders stops for a visit with the personnel ami wounded of the new hospital at Aiea Heights With the president shown seated in the rear seat are Admiral Chester W Nimitz and Vice Admiral Ross T Mclntirc M C U S Nthe navys surgeon general MORE EMPHASIS ON JAP FRONT F R May Reveal Broad Outlines of Strategy Washington resident Roosevelt in his promised report to the American people may re veal the broad outlines of the beat Japan strategy he drafted in con ferences with Gen Douglas Mac Arthur and Admiral Chester W Nimitz it was believed Friday Dispatches released Thursday telling of Mr Roosevelts visit to Hawaii to inspect the men and munitions fighting the Japanese nd to confer with military chtcf aihs said he planned lo report oon on his trip probably in a adio speech No other indication as given as lo time or place The Pacific war has been going etter recently than even the most ptimistic had dared hope while ne grand smash at Germany was n progress Mr Roosevelts op imism at Honolulu seemed to rc lect belief that the pace against he Japanese can be quickened1 ven more No details of any new strategy vill be permitted to leak out un il after it has been put into effect if course But it was recalled hat Nimitz has spoken prcvious y about driving straight across he Pacific to the China coast and establishing a beachhead there vhile MacArthurs oftstated aim s to lead conquering allied forces back into the Philippines and to proceed thence with defeating Japan The two plans doubtless lave been fitted handinglove In Washington members o congress who long have chargec that the Pacific war was not being accorded proper relative impor tance viewed Mr Roosevelts Hawaiian trip as portending in creased emphasis on and speedier prosecution of that phase the global conflict Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Fri day night and Saturday Fresh winds Iowa Fair through Sunday Cool er in northwest Friday after noon and in entire state Friday night and Saturday Fresh winds Minnesota Fair and cooler Friday night Saturday fair and con tinued cool fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics piled near the refineries becaus of the Japanese shipping shortage sent ap columns of flame Peeks From Foxhole Observes Jap Peeking Guam Tanner pharma cists mate from Dacusville S Car pecked over the edge o his foxhole one night and peek ing right back at him was a Japa nose Tanner fired first Maximum Thursday 94 Minimum Thursday night 54 At 8 a m Friday 73 EAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 64 CHORCHILL IS NOW IN ITALY Headquarters Reveals Prime Ministers Trip Rome headquarters announced Friday night that Wins on Churchill British premier las arrived in Italy Allied headquarters did not dis close the purpose of his trip or low long he would stay It was Churchills first visit to he Italian war theater and fol lowed closely a trip earlier this week to the Normandy beachhead WAR MATERIEL IS PILING UP OverRoad Shipments in Midwest Paralyzed Chicago 5day walk out of 50000 truck drivers and freight handlers which has par alyzed overtheroad shipments of all but the most critical materials in 10 midwDstern states moved rapidly toward a crisis Friday as more and more war materiel piled up on loading docks increasing i the possibility of immediate gov rnment scirurc of the freight incs Hundreds of miuwcstcrn com munities ivcre tut off from sup ilics of fuod and other essentials the walkout which began last Holiday in protest against the re usal of 125 firms to grant a 1 cent hourly wage increase ap iroved by the war labor board The strike originally affected rucking firms in Nebraska Illi lois Iowa Kansas Wisconsin Minnesota and North and South Dakota but Thursday it spread to 2 additional states halting freight shipments in Oklahoma and Colo rado One GERMANS ARE IN A BAD WAY MONTY STATES No Solid Opposition Encountered in Mystery Thrust Toward Paris BULLETIN On the Orne River Front France of German troops with tanks were lighting for their lives Friday night In the Great Bulge west of the river Orne and Field Marshal Guenther von Kluges plight hourly was growing more acute Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force ing American tank forces were reported throwing the main weight of their attack lo the north Fri day after a deep mystery thrust toward Paris and Gen Sir Ber nard L Montgomery declared Fri day night that the great bulk of he German forces in northwest Europe are in a bad way The commander of allied ground roops in France announced in a nessage to his soldiers We are round behind them in nany places and it is possible some of them may not get away These are momentous days and complete victory lies ahead There still was no official ink ling as to the depth of penetration toward Paris or the progress of the northward thrust but the Paris radio said the Americans had passed Alencon 30 miles north of Le Mans At Alencon the spear head would be but 42 miles from CanadianPolish forces to the north above Falaise Two days had passed however since the Americans took Lc Mans 110 miles southwest of Paris and latest advices from the front said no solid opposition had yet been encountered by the fastgeared armored and motorizedforma tions An American dash to the Seine west of Paris might trap up to 300000 German troops In the 24 hours ended at Wednesday mid night the Americans captured 4 322 of the enemy Montgomery was hammering at German resistance below Caen so fiercely that the Germans risked destruction if they eased up for a getaway The British supporting the Ca nadianPolish attacks toward Fn laise and toward Vimont below Cnen captured the German strong hold oC ThuvyHarcourt 15 miles southwest of Caen Below them the Americans also were closing in around the eastern side of the German pocket at Mor tain below Vire taking Gathemo and advancing to points near Vcngeons 3 miles to the east The Americans reached points only a little more than 90 miles hundred small communi ties in Nebraska alone were cut off from supplies of meal butter and cheese M Krupinsky chair man of the Midwest Operators as from Versailles a Paris suburb without meeting serious resistance field dispatches said but Fridays allied communique announced the destruction of 15 German tanks by aircraft somewhere in the area A prisoner captured on the Caen front said Field Marshal Guenther Von Kluge German commander in the west had or dered a general retreat The German communique said the American thrust had turned northward from Le Alans with strong air support and the Paris radio reported the Americans had burst past Alencon 30 mites north of Le Mans The Germans said the Americans had run into heavy fighting in that direction Alencon 97 miles west of Ver sailles is just 42 miles southeast of the Canadiantipped wedge driven to within 5 miles of Fa laise There was no official confirma tion at supreme headquarters of various reports of striking prog ress past southwest Le of Mans 110 miles Paris which was DANES REPORT NAZIS MOVING 12 Troop Trains Seen Going Toward France Stockholm fP Twelve nazi troop trains were reported by the Free Danish press service Friday to have passed southward through Aarhus in the last 24 hours in dicating a heavy movement of German troops from Denmark probably toward France Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy sociation said and many other communities were without gaso line and oil Critical war materials were piled up on the docks at Minne apolis St Paul and Kansas City while in northwestern Wisconsin the army was forced to move food to military camps in its own trucks because commercial trucking fa cilities were not available Paul Halpine vice chairman of the operators association said the strike had left army freight all over the midwest and assailed the union for calling the walkout after promising the federal gov ernment the drivers would nol strike until President Roosevelt had acted on the labor dispute In the meantime highways at North Platte Nebr were being picketed by drivers members of the General Drivers union who said that no shipments could pass except oil gasoline and per ishables captured 2 days ago but it was obvious that the Parispointed spearhead there had the alterna tives of swinging northward to ward the English channel short of Paris swinging south of the capital in an encircling move or splitting and passing on both sides of it A swing northward of the scythe would threaten the rear of the Germans stubbornly held swivel position below Caen and approximately 20 German divi sions or remnants of upwards of 300000 men If the sweep crossed the Seine it would threaten the isolation of Lc Havrs and other channel ports as well aa the rocket bomb coast Unofficial reports said other ar mored columns meanwhile had veered off to the southeast from Lc Mans toward Orleans on tho Loire below Paris An NBC broadcast from France said Americans in this drive wert attacking Chateaudun 62 mihu from Versailles and 30 miles front ;