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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1943, Mason City, Iowa tf J NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP OEPAST WENT OF HISTGIY A U D A3CHI 0 E j I 3 11 E 3 I k THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRFSS AND UNITED PRESS fUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 11 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OT TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 262 8TH ARMY WITHIN SICHT OF ITALY Visit of Churchill Stirs Talk of Assault on Europe ENGLISH SHIPS SHELL NAPliS PLAN OF GRAND OFFENSIVE MAY SOONBE DRAWN Continent Will Be Stormed From Many Ways London Thinks By JAMES F KIXG LONDON Prime Minister Churchills journey across the At lantic for this sixth wartime meet iviih President Roosevelt stirred spontaneous and optimistic talk in London Wednesday of a victorythisyear assault on Europe Virtually unanimous agreement was expressed on ai sides that fhe allied chieftains were getting together to lay final plans for the Brand offensive in theaters ot war other than the Mediterranean where overwhelming allied mili tary might has already asserted itself The presence of Britains ton flight tn i 1 i t a r y men with Churchill in Quebec led tn one conclusion that United States British and Dominion forces would soon be storming the Eur opean continent from many di rcctions in fullfillment of Churchills own prediction of a combined action before winter Conference in Canada Begun by Churchill The absence of Premier Joseph Stalin was noted by most commen jtators Foreign Secretary Anthony newspaper the Yorkshire Post said however it was un derstood that he had been invited but was unable to attend The Post added that Stalin was being in formed of developments almost hourly Declaring that the problems fac ing Churchill and Roosevelt are more than iust military the Post asserted tha hour is at hand when it will be Imperative for the united nations to pursue a united course not only with regard to military operations but equally with regard to the polities cf Eur ope It could hardly be expected hat Marshal Stalin would be able lo travel to Montreal or Wash ington at the present time but it is nonetheless important that all steps be taken to obtain a far rcachirtg agreement xvith soviet Russia on these wider problems of warwinning and peacemak ing By DOUGLAS CORNELL QUEBEC Within the an cient battlements of an obsolete fortress the prime ministers of Britain and Canada surveyed Wednesday the heartening suc cesses of allied slabs at the axis and the strategy needed to ex pand them into assaults de signed to attain a total victory The confer ences between Winston Churc hill o Britain and W L M a c Kenzie King of Canada and their chiefs of staff were prelude to later discussions be CHUKCH1LL tween Church ill and President Roosevelt and BritishAmerican military experts The rotund everspectacular Churchill again had surmounted the dangers of a wartime crossing of the Atlantic for war talks which appeared certain to be translated into more bad news for enemy forces already reeling back on worldwide bat tlefronts He arrived in Q u e c late Tuesday a n d drove to the citadel tower ing over this historic walled city There in the fortress which is a relic of the days hen the French ruled a KING goodly segment of North America he and MacKenzie King began RUSSIANS ROLL ON STEADILY IN MAJOR DRIVES Inflict Heavy Losses on Nazis in Oiiensives for Kharkov Bryansk MOSCOW red army rolling on unchecked on its twin driven toward the Ukrainian city of Kharkov and Bryansk to the lorth capturing village after vil age and inflicting heavy losses on he retreating Germans the Rus sians declared Wednesday The German radio persisted in Is report that the Russians have aunchcd a third major offensive m the central front east ot Smo ensk and are driving on that Jm ortant nazi stronghold with leavy infantry and tank their deliberations Tuesday night Cautiously an official statcmen from Churchills office said tha during the evening the two prim ministers discussed the interna tionai situation and plans for Mi Churchills slay as the guest o the dominion Naturally there could be no all nouncement which would disclos to the axis us well us the unitec nations the trend of the momen tous conversations taking place in the grey stone citadel Canadian officials said there was a chance that Churchill and MacKenzie King would hold a joint press conference Wednesday GIANT WORK FOR A American jeep weighing less than a ton pulls freight cars weighing many tons each as the United States army handles supplies on i railroad siding in India This is an official OWJ photograph The Times in an editorial dealing with the Atlantic char ier which was an outgrowth of another RooseveltChurchill meeting two years ago stressed the necessity for unity among the Americans British and Rus sians V t if If mutual jealousies were lo rivive these three countries along separate paths of narrowlyin terpreted selfinterest the Times said or if national rivalries and ambitions of lesser powers were allowed to assert themselves to the detriment of a firmly welded common organization for the pre vention of aggression and the maintenance of peace then little hope would exist of averting a fresh calamity for Europe and the world Lord Beaverbrooks Evening Standard said only one disap pointment which the principals themselves avow frankly clouds this sixth war conference of the president and premier That is the absence of Premier Stalin upon whose sturdy shoulders the main burden of the battle still falls The attention given In the political aspects of the sidiation was overshadowed however hy a feeling that allied military operations will soon he forth coming to prnxide the relief for which the Russians have been calling The dominating position of the allies who now hold the initiative the Pacific and Europe as admitted in a broadcast by German Radio Commentator Lt Gen Kurt Diet mar who told the German people Germany and her allies are now on the The possibility that Germany may be defeated this year is be ing though cau all quarters and the fact that Premier Stalin has com mitted large armies to his present Ftimmcr offensive underscores this hope J but there were no indications that they could deal in anything more than generalities about present and future plans for the of the war The strategy talks here as well as those which will brine British and American leaders together later arc silhouetted against pyramiding united na tions victories in the Pacific Russia and the Mediterranean successes which palpably called for new determinations of policy and strategy With Kharkov pocketed on three sides by a livepronged drive another Russian column has bitten deep into the rich Russian grain territory and is only 14 miles from Sumy and 190 miles east of the capital city of Kiev a soviet communique disclosed Sumy an important railroad point is located some 90 miles northwest of Kharkov on the line linking the steel center with the German base at Bryansk The Russians announced that their forces advancing toward Bry ansk along the railway from Orel had captured a railway town 45 miles east of the city Seventy towns and villages were reported captured by the Russians in the Kharkov sector and 30 more in the Bryansk area as the red army marked up important gains in a general advance along the en tire active front almost 300 miles in length One of the five Russian col umns threatening Kharkov has captured Slatino 12 miles north A second was reported 30 miles due west and a third 45 miles northwest Another force has slormed across the upper Donets river and is within 20 miles of the city on he east while a fifth is 25 miles due east the Russian communique declared The Russian advance was made n the face of stubborn German resistance Large numbers of eimans were killed in the struggle the soviet war bulletin OTHER TARGETS Furious Battle Rages for Possession of Randazzo in Sicily ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Brit ish eighth army in Sicily ad vanced to within sight of the Ital ian mainland while British war ships bombarded Italian shipyards in the bay of Naples 130 miles south of Rome and other main land military targets allied head quarters announced Wednesday British forces advanced seven miles aloiij the east coast ot Sicily under the shadow of Ml Etna to capture the town of Guardia 16 miles south of Taormlna and 40 miles from Messina the bulletin announced British tommies on the east slopes of Ml Etna thus gained their first view of the Italian mainland The always intriguing Question of times and places for invasions of the European continent which Churchill and Roosevelt repeated ly have declared to be in the off ing was in the forefront of the speculation centering around the conferences here Again the ne cessity of keeping the foe in the dark superseded all other consid erations But the imminent erasure ot axis forces in Sicily will poise powerful allied armies two miles across a narrow strait from the Italian mainland 4 To avoid sivijR Ihc axis any painters on commanders in spe cific war theaters brought here for the war deliberations only the names of the British chiefs of staff who always accompany Churchill to such meetings were announced and mechanized ammunition large quantities of equipment food and fell into Russian hands as the nazis cracking under the sledge hammer blows of the red army fell back The drive on Bryansk another vital base for German operations in Russia was still in its early stages As yet there were no in dications of the development o an encircling movement such a marked the capture of Orel fron which the advance was launcher a week ago Nevertheless the rec army was making rapid progress having covered more than hnl the distance from Orel They were Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound after sea lord Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal chief of air staff Sir Alan Brooke chief of the imperial gen eral staff ViceAdmiral Lovd Louis Mountbatten who com mands the renowned commandos and Lt Gen Sir Hastings Ismay chief of staff to Churchill in his capacity as minister of defense The prime ministers wife and daughter Mary the latter a sub altern in the auxiliary territorial service also came along with Churchill on fourth visit to North America since Britain went lo war I 1680 Tons of Bombs Fall on Nuernbergl LONDON bombers ropped more than 1500 tons of ombs mote than 1680 Ameri an tons Tuesday night on Nu important railway and ndustritil center in southern Ger any and a party rallying oint the air ministry announced Vednesday At the same time the ministry1 f economic warfare explained le RAF bomber command was witching its offensive to attack ng industries turning out finished roducts now that the Ruhrs eavy industry w a s crippled eriously Sixteen bombers were lost in raid the second successive ight attack on Germany a com munique said Three enemy fight rs were reported shot down Ironically it was just four years aeo Wednesday that Reichsmarshal Hermann Wil helm Goerins boasted to the German public that not a sin gle enemy bomb would be per mitted to fall upon Germany Nuernberg had been raided six imcs previously the last time on larch 8 It is 525 miles from Britain by airline and just 7a miles short of Berlin The city is the junction of two great trunk railway lines one unning from the Ruhr to south ast Germany and the other from Berlin and central Germany to and Italy There have been many recent eports that Italy is being re nforccc with German troops and munitions and if this is the case probably much of these rcinforce nents are flowing through Nuern berg The city is the site of larpe factories engaged in the manu facture of Diesel engines for submarines and producing tanks parts and motors On the outskirts of Nuernberg s located a Messerschmitl fightci manufacturing plant The communique announdn Ihe raid said thatthe city hat seen very heavily bombed bu ave no other details The raid followed by 24 hour thundering RAF attacks on the twin cities of Mannheim and Lud wigshafen in the Rhineland German air raiders retaliate by making Iheiifirst attack 01 Britain this month Tuesday night dropping a few bombs over Eas Anglia The air ministry disclosec meanwhile that RAF bomber have dropped 136100 tons of bombs on Germany since the war began more than half of which were unloaded since last Jan 1 U was estimated that the Ger mans had dropped 71000 tons of bombs on Britain since the be ginning of the war bul only 2000 tons during 1943 ANN CASEY WINS Dr Logan of Keokuk Named IN 2ND ROUND TRIPLE u s s i a n troops threatened to tarn Khar kov lower arrow into a sum mer Stalinirrad as the offensive crashed to within 12 miles of the bif sleel city Other forces drove west of Orel in the di rection of Bryansk The Ger mans also reported that the reds had opened a new offensive in the northern sector upper ar row aimed at Smolensk key bastion of the nazi defense system west of Moscow SPORTSBULLETINS EVANSTON 111 the irst extra hole match of the ivo iens western amateur golf tour ament Ann Casey of Alason City owa Wednesday defeated Doro hy Ellis of Indianapolis Ind 1 ip on 20 holes in a second round natch She won the hole with par five when Miss Ellis hit oor drive and missed an ap proach shot to take a 6 Mary Agnes Wall of Menomi nee Mich furnished Ihe first ma pr upset when she eliminated Cay Byrne ot Rye N Y 2 and 1 Miss Byrne was comedalist Catherine Fox of Glen Ridge N r the other comedalist moved m with a 1 and triumph over vlrs L H Sclz of Ravinia 111 BEAT BUCS N UOUBLEIiEADER PHILADELPHIA The Phillies handed the Pittsburgh Pi Rip Sewcll his fourth defeat o the season 2 to 1 in the first 5ame of a doubleheader Wednes day then came back to win a sec ond time 2 to 0 in a doublc leacter before 11129 in Shiue park Sewcll has won 17 games Commander of Iowa Legion Patrick Chosen Vice Commander and Boyce Historian at Convention laim Amencans Can Produce Better Silk Than Japs Ever Made LOS ANGELES Olfi Ameri cans can produce better silk than Japan ever turned out two silk executives told a state assembly committee Wednesday David H Young of the San Marcos Silk company and Walter S Roberts New York silk manufacturer told the committee silk can be pro duced in California at costs rang ing from S2nO to S275 a pound compared with S4 a pound paid for silk before the war New machinery makes unspin ning the cocoons easy they said and the American variety con tains about 92 per cent lop qual ity compared with ID per cent Joi Japanese silk DES MOINES Dr Charles E Logan Keokuk dentist was unanimously elected commander of the Iowa department o the American Lesion at the close of its twentyfilth annual convention Wednesday Sioux City was chosen as the 1944 convention city Vice commanders also chosen unanimously are Sam Holland Ml Ayr R C Patrick Mason City and William Suiter Ida Grove R T Laird Algeria was chosen adjutant Reelected his torian was Henry H Boyce Mason ity Other officers are chaplain the lev Charles Gunnell Waterloo ergeant at arms Jack Boumi 5ocahontas national executive ommitteeman Fred Keating DCS Toines and alternate John J lartin Davenport Dr Logan has been a prac icing dentist in Keokuk 26 years vith the exception of 13 months ervice in World war I He spent most of his time in service with base hospital overseas Four days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor he offered his serv ce to the army but was rejected because of seniority Later he ought to join the navy and was ejected for the same reason The new commander who suc ceeds Dan OBrien DCS Moincs las been a member of the Keokuk Legion post 25 years and is re irinR chairman of the stale Legion Americanization committee Stale Senator Stanley Hart of eokuk presented the nomination of Dr Logan and in turn ench t the nine districls seconded he nomination Henry Pead of Shenandoah then moved that he nominations be closed and that Dr Logan be unanimously elected This ivas ruled without a dissenting vote Coffee Sales Decline After End of Rationing DES MOINES o coffee have fallen off sharply a most DCS Moines groceries since coffee rationing was discontinuec July 29 n survey indicated Wed nesday Although a few reportec increases most grocers said cof fee purchases had dropped 33 t per cent Yanks Drop 18 Tons of Bombs on Akyab NEW DELHI UR Mitchell bombers of the 10th U S air force raiding in Burma from the Avakan coast to M a n d a 1 a y dropped 18 tons of explosives on Akyab enemy base on the west coast Tuesday to destroy a row of buildings north of the main jetty a communique said Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued warn Wednesday Afternoon Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon IOWA Continued warm Wcdnes day night and Thursday fore noon Widely scattered thunder showers in the west portio Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 37 Minimum Tuesday night M At 8 a m Wednesday 75 YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 50 DR CHARLES R LOGAN R C PATRICK president When buying a pack of cigarels contribute 5c lo Ciffarets for Servicemen lo buy a paek for a man in service overseas BOOST PHYSICIANS SALARIES DES MOINES at the statehousc showed Wednesday that salary increases of from S10 to 313 monthly have been ap proved for physicians at some ot the institutions under the state board of control Mrs Robinson 86 Wife of Former Representative Dies Funeral Services to Be Held Friday at Church in Hampton T J B Rob nson 86 Hampton died at Tuesday night at her home She was the wife of former Representative Robinson of the old third Iowa congressional dis trict Mrs Robinson had been an in valid for several years and had been bedfast for three weeks preceding her death Besides her husband she is sur vived by five children Two sons Walter of Newton and Lee who is serving with the army Three daughters Mrs Jessie Thornton of Hampton Mrs Dorothy Clin ton of Hampton and Mrs Horace French of Evanslon III Mrs Robinson was the daugh ter Of a pioneer Methodist min ister the Rev J Clinton who served a number of the leading churches in the state iiiLluding Hampton Marshalltown Vinton Her brother the Ilev DeWitt Clinton now deceased was also a prominent Methodist clergyman who served for rmmy years at Mason City Iowa Kalis and other charges His son the Rev John Clinton a grandson of Mrs Rob inson is now Methodist pastor at Iowa Falls He formerly served at Mason City and Wavcrly Mrs Robinson was very active in church and club work during her younger life and was one of the best loved women of her com munity Her husband served as representative from his district for ten years retiring in 1032 Funeral will be held Friday at 2 p m at the Methodist church at Hampton the W C Clexvorth pastor officiating The inshore bombardment of the construction and repair yards at Castellammare at the southern edge of the bay of Naples took place Monday night with British destroyers and cruisers moving in close to the target to pour round after round into the yards which were capable of handling ships up to 500 feet in length At the same time other units of Ihe fleet attacked Cape Vaticann on the instep of the Italian boot about 25 miles north of San Gto vaiuii where the main Italian rail road lines operate close to the shore of the Tyrrhenian sea The communique said railway bridges were bombarded in the naval attack at Cape Vaticano at the same time that the daring seamen shoved their warships be tween Naples and the romantic Isle of Capri and let loose their thunderous salvos almost In the shadow of Alt Vesuvius The British sevenmile ad vance from Acireale along the cast Sicilian coast placed Gen Sir Bcrnant I Montgomerys veterans barely 30 miles from Italy and put increasing pres sure on Taormina to the rear of the enemys central sccttir at Uandazzo The American seventh army ot Lt Gen George S Patton Jr on the north coast consolidated its positions at the mouth of the Ros marino river about three miles east of Sun Agata where am phibious troops plunged ashore from small boats Sunday night and pressed forward The stiffest fighting however raged in the area of Randazzo north of Mt Etna where con verging British American and Canadian troops wrestled with the difficulties of endless minefields and dynamited mountain roads as well as the enemys determined troops Uandazzos domination of com munications in ttie narrowing bridgehead made it another Tunis or st far ns Sicily is con cerned and the Germans were de fending it at all costs Allied bombers and fighter bomber slammed at liandazzo in roundtheclock raids for the fourth day Tuesday while RAP Wellingtons again laid strings of bombs across the Sicil ian beaches shattering axis barges and scattering troop con centrations Four more axis vessels were sunk and another damaged in continued blastings of the Mes sina beaches and strait Randazzo had been trans formed into a heap of rubble by prolonged bombings of that crossing of routes leading to the north and east coasts The struggle for this heart of enemy communications rivaled any oilier in Ihc battle for Sicily German armored grenadier troops appeared determined to make it their Sicilian Verdun Although German war prison ers questioned in the last few days accepted Sicilian defeat as inevitable allied spokesmen warned that no swift advance is anticipated There w a s no disguising the fact that the German defense thus far had been expertly di rected with a small but elite force capitalizing on almost every nat ural advantage in fighting a suc cessful delaying action and avoid ing entrapment Air force commanders mean while disclosed that a total of 422 enemy planes had been destroyed in the month since the invasion began at a cost ot 181 allied air craft At least 800 enemy planes were destroyed or captuved on the ;