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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A D ARCHIVES 0 S M 0 I ti C i I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUI FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 11 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 260 LASH JAP AID ON WAY TO SOLOMONS r U S Marines Beat Off Furious Nipponese Counter Attacks REDS RETREAT FROM BLAZING MAIKOP FIELDS Red Star Says Fate of Our Country Being Decided on Don Kuban By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tankled German troops were reported imperiling the red fleets black sea naval bases at Novo rossisk and Tuapse deep in the western Caucasus Tuesday while in the north a Vichy broadcast as serted that fighting was in progress within Stalingrads defense zone The broadcast said there were indications that the Germans would shortly launch a general as sault on the great Volga river in dustrial city Another Vichy report declared that nazi columns striking more than half way down the Caucasus on the road to the vast Baku oil fields were advancing on Mozdok and Ordzhonikidze Mozdok lies about 380 miles northwest of Baku and 70 miles above the important Grozny oil center Ordzhonikidze is 50 miles southwest of Grozny Soviet dispatches acknowl edged that the red armies were falling back from the burningr Maikop oil fields and hat sepa rate German columns were within BO miles of the Novoros sisk and Tuapse naval bases as the invaders spread out through the northern foothills of the Caucasus mountains As the crisis grew darker by the hour official soviet newspa pers appealed to the red armies to save Russia and Red Star the army organ declared The fate of our country is be ing decided in the violent battles of the Don and the Kuban Red Star quoted an 18th century Russian general who told his troops We are surrounded by moun tains We cannot expect help from anybody We stand on the edge of the abyss Frontline dispatches said thi Germans were showering para chute troops behind the Russiai lines near Kotelnikovski 95 rnile below Leningrad but said the aerial invaders were being prompt Jy mopped up Military advices pictured thi whole region from Kletskaya 7 miles northwest of Stalingrad 1 the south as a land of flames wih the cherry orchards and stepp homes of the Cossacks Emashei and burning and the skies dark ened by mass flights of nazi planes The German high command said the Russians had been thrown back from Maikop into the Caucasus mountains In sev eral sectors but gave no indi cation that nazi spearheads had advanced anywhere near O honikidze or Mozdok III Hie battle of the Don rive bend before Stalingrad the nazi command asserted that Marshal Semcon Timoshenkos defenders were driven together in a nar row space where they faced an nihilation To the north in the Rzhev sec tor 130 miles west of Moscow the Germans acknowledged that thev were fighting a heavy defensive battle with the red armies newly reinforced pressing a strong at tack At midday after bitter all night fighting red army head quarters conceded that the nazis had broken a new gap in the Rus sian defenses at Armavir 180 miles below Rostov Huge smoke clouds and explo sions indicated that the Russians had destroyed the Maikop fields which produce seven per cent of Russias oil in their retreat Soviet dispatches said the Germans were paying a terrible price in their drive against Stal infrad listing 2800 nazis killed in a single sector near Kelt skaya 75 miles northwest of the Volga steel city Another 900 Germans were re ported left dead on the battlefield amid very tense fighting near Kotelnikovski 95 miles south of Stalingrad Meanwhile U S Ambassador Admiral Wililam H Standley said in Moscow that the Russians had three lines of pres ent one the Volga and the Urals the Germans have not yet reached the Volga Long Costly War Faced Stambaugh WATERLOO face a ong and costly war in which our everses now are the result of jast mistakes Lynn U Stam augh Fargo N Dak national of the American Le gion told the Iowa Legion con here Tuesday But were going to have the greatest military force in his tory before were through he declared a force that Hitler and Hirohito will find too great Commander Stambaugh asserted hat unpreparedness and mistakes vere contrary to the Legions de mands often voiced before Pearl Harbor Speaking alsoto the convention Tuesday Gov George A Wilson of Iowa told delegates Iowa is going allout for this sober business of war in which here must be no stalemate only complete victory Governor Wilson added praise or the Iowa Legion and the role it is playing in the war effod Daniel J OBrien Des Moines was elected Iowa commander Tuesday noon succeeding II W Gaunitz Lansing OBrien and his slate of candidates for of fice were elected unanimously The 49 year old insurance man was nominated for the position without opposition OBrien who served overseas in World war is an executive officer of the Polk county citizens defenseor ganization Elected vicecommanders were Del Lawless Grundy CenterF E Patterson Fontanelle and Hugo Saggau Denison The Rev B W Frommelt Marble Rock w a elected chaplain with James Lee War Dance in Solomon Islands Spearcarrying natives do a dance somewhere in the Solomon islands where United States forces were reported to have landed in an offensive action to drive out the Japanese Disorders Spreading Over India 28 DEADAND HURT IN RIOTS Fear Dreaded Communal Clash Between Hindu and Moslem Factions BOMBAY troops some armed with machine guns Red Oak sergeant at arms Re came to the aid of police Tuesday elected were Henry H Boyce Ma son City historian and Laird Algona adjutant The Legionnaires picked R J Des Momes as their 1943 convention site and urged Governor Wilson m a resolution lo set up a com mission or individual to coordi nate civilian defense within the state and with neighboring states The convention deferred action on the issue of admitting World war II veterans to membership AlliedHold on Mid East Threatened by Germans m Caucasus LONDON British mili tary source said Tuesday that Ihe allied hold on the middle east was gravely menaced by the onrushing German forces in the Caucasus and Marshal Rommels German Italian army in Egypts western desert Infinitely more is at stake than the preservation of Russian oil fields and British bases in Egypt said this source which de clined to permit closer identifi cation These objectives are only inci dental to the German drive o iso late Russia and Turkey dominate the middle cast land bridge join ing Asia Europe and Africa and unite with Japan to exchange the booty of three continents this source stated He expressed belief thai ihe Germans would try to drive down to Tiflis with special tank and mountaineer troops while the re mainder of their forces in south Russia pushed eastward toward the Caspian From Tiflis they would be within striking distance of Iraq and Syria Weather Report FORECAST MASON much change in temperature Tuesday after noon and Tuesday night Slow ly rising temperature Wednes day forenoon much change in tem perature Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon much change in temperalurc Tuesday nighl and Wednesday forenoon Nol quite so cool in east portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GIobeGazelte weather statistics Maximum Monday 81 Minimum Monday night 50 At 8 a m Tuesday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 72 i as 13 more persons wcie killed and 30 injured in 10 instances in which gunfire was used to break up Bombay mobs participating in Mo handas K Gandhis civil disobed ience campaign The toll of casualties since outbreaks bcjan Sunday thus was brought to 28 dead and more than 200 injured with disorders and mill stoppages spreading wider over India anil indications that dreaded communal riotinE between Hindus and Moslems might break out The Bombay government an nounced that troops had partici pated in the firing on crowds on one or two occasions Police marched in formation through the various disturbed sections Work was interrupted at the General Motors assembly plant in Bombay The Ford assembly plant continued in operation The government took increased measures to restore and keep or der In some areas troops marched in where police strength seemed inadequate to cope wilh expected outbreaks From Bombay on the west coat lo Calcutta on the cast coast came reports oT demonstrations hartals the closing of stores and goon daism rowdyism as the call for a total shutdown of trade spread lo Mohandas K Gandhis turbulent followers with a promise from their leaders of victory in two months in what they called their final slrugglc agaiusl British rule V Police said Ihe slichfesl spark misht touch off rioting between the subcontinents opposins rc lisrious groups Hindus and Mos lems Two days of riolinr already had broujrhl the death toll in Bombay alone to Indians shot attacking police or attempt ing to destroy suburban railroad stations or arain warehouses V There were new demonstrations Tuesday morning in the Dadar Parel and Matunga sections of the city Bonfires were started in the streets and fed wilh hats neckties and other articles of European clothing snatched from passersby Police opened fire twice when mobs se fire o a wooden polire guard post and attempted to halt traffic As the day wore on police fired several times more increasing the toll of casualties Two were killed and several injured during the morning In many places the mere pres ence of troops prevented out breaks A resrimenl marched into Ahmedabad where students and mill workers had seemed on Ihe verge of disorder Troops marched ceaselessly through Ihe streets of Bnmbay Machine guns were mounted covering a beach where a meeting o Indians had been scheduled An armored car stood guard at one intersection Two score soldiers veterans of the Burma fight stood orietralanotlior corner A crowd at Parel burned park benches Some persons were in jured when police fired to break up the mob Stores closed at Karachi and a Calcutta heavy industry district the operators of bullock carls quit work Students quit colleges in such university towns as Bombay Nag pur and Bangalore Police wary agninsl Ihe pos sibility of HinduMoslem riots said tlic slightest incident might set off this sort of strife On a previous occasion a Moslem bcKffar kicked t Hag a Hindu policeman kicked the r and it started an 18day communal riot in which many were killed said a Bombay police official Again a Hindu teacher whipped a Moslem child Thirty days ol nasty rioting followed Three months of rioting with many deaths came after a Moden storekeeper refused to sell a cer tain piece of goods to a Hindu He pointed out that Hindu stu dents already had thrown rocks at Moslem shops in Bombay In Lucknow Moslem shops re mained open while Hindu stores practiced hartai Claim Nazis Use Spanish and French MOSCOW vohm tcer legions from Spain France Belgium and Scandinavia are be ing thrown into Adolf Hitlers of fensivc threatening the red fleet vital Black sea bases after over whelming soviet defenses around the Moikop oil fields according tc frontline advices Tuesday Frontline advices said it ha been disclosed by the teslimonj of prisoners taken during the las 10 days that fresh legionnaire from Spain France Belgium Nor way and Denmark were bein rushed into the battle to fill th gaps caused by the nazis heav losses A Belgian Wnloon legion ha been combined with Scandinavia recruits to form a Viking clivi sion on the Caucasus batllefron it was said while the Spanis Blue division sent lo Russia b Gen Francisco Franco has bee reinforced The reports said that Dutchmen of Ihe Nrdorland S division recruited ill Holland ha been killed on the Volkhov froi to the north and that Die stu vivors of tbc legion had bee shifted to the Leningrad front t fight alongside Belgian recrui of Ihe Flandria legion Marlene Dietrich Leads in War Bond Sales HOLLYWOOD c I r c ss Marlene Dietrich won recognition Tuesday as the nations leading war bond salesman when the treasury department awarded her a special citation for her recent bondselling tours When Miss Dietrich called on Gov Culbert L Olson to sell him a bond a treas ury representative announced the film star bad sold more bonds than any other single person in the United States He did not di vulge the amount of bonds Miss Dietrich sold Gambling Device Falls From Truck Breaks Into Million Pieces DES MOINES will be no doubt about the destruction of one gambling device which po lice seized here Monday It fell off the back end of a department truck and in the patrolmens words broke info a million pieces The officers stopped to pick up the pieces and the S20 in nickels scnttcrcd in the street where the machine had fallen DIE WITHIN 15 MINUTES DES MOINES C Kenning Jr and his wife Etna both 4i died unexpectedly with in 15 minules of each other at their home here Monday while their son Charles slcot Kenning III ANN ONE UP AT HALF WAY MARK SPOUTS BULLETIN CHICAGO Ai Casey of Mason City was one up on Betty Brown of Texarlsana Ark at the half way mark of the first round at the womens wes tern amateur golf lournamcnt US FLYERS HIT AP BASES ON CHINAS FRONT Several Tons of Bombs Dropped to Stem Aid for Solomon islands U S ARMY A I R F O R C E EADQUARTERS Hcngyang UR bombers and fighters riking in support of Ihe new merican offensive inthe soulh est Pacific blasted Japanese Jscs Tuesday along a 600mile out in China from Hankow to annton at the Pearl river estuary The attacks in which several ons of bombs were dropped upon apancsn air bases and supply enters undoubtedly were designed i part as a diversion to prevent ie Japanese from rushing aerial emforcemcnts to the defense of le Solomon islands off northeast Vustralia Chief targets ot the attacks ere heavy bomb rs led personally by Col Caleb Hayncs blasted docks and warc ouses along the Pearl river loi tie second straight day scoring ircct hits on the Canton airdrome citing large fires and probably Ics troy ing 15 twinengine Japa lesc bombers on the ground h e r e flying Dragons of the 23rd American jursuit group led by Col Robcr Scott raided the Japanese bas nbout 190 miles north of Canton dumped 500pound bombs on thei shot down thre Jap Zero fighters one of whicl was bagged by Scott here Amcricai airmen bombed the Japanese rail oad station between Changslv iml Wuchang as well as barrack md warehouses without encount ring opposition Five tons o bombs were dropped on the bas of ul least 2000 Japanese troops a Untie States communique reported tha two large fires were started in lowlevel bombing attack on Ja pans main Yangtze river bnsc wrecking newlybuilt w a r c houses Meanwhile Col Hayne who Ic Sundays American bombing attac on the Japanese invasion port We Are Holding Our Own By ROGEK D GREENE Associated Press War Editor We are holding our own In five words the United States cceivcd word Tuesday indicating lat American mnvinos were bcat ig off furious Japanese counter ttacks in the fiveday old battle f the Solomon islands 000 miles ortheast of Australia as allied aval and air forces covered the ongrange invasion Australias Prime Minister John Curtin announcing at cast an even break in the struRfflc that may mark a turningpoint of the far Pacific conflict said allied gains so far apparently had iutweiprhcd losses At the same time an Australian overnmcnt spokesman disclosed hat shipments of supplies of th highest possible value which vould revolutionize offensive jperations in the north had ar ived in Australia Allied losses acknowledged Monday by Admiral Ernest ting commander in chief of the U S fleet included a cruiser sunk and ctamage to two cruisers two destroyers and a transport But Admiral King declared a arge number of Japanese planes were destroyed and surface units ant out of action in Americas first offensive of the war In a typical axis propaganda broadcast surpassing oven la pans own extravagant claims the Berlin radio asserted thai the greater part of the U S troops who attempted to land al Tu lagi in the southeastern Solomons had been annihilated and their transports sunk Wilh ihe attackingforces tis inff al communications to co ordinate their land sea ami air operations the navy in Wash ington said early Tuesday there was no further information on the progress of the battle Admiral King previously had said the Japanese although taken by surprise had wilh rapidity and vigor The attack was our Tirol as sumption of the initiative and the offensive King said adding that the objective was to wrest back control of the Solomons which lie athwart the vital allied supply lines to Australia Such a move would be neces sary as Hie first step in a full scale allied offensive lo drive tlic Haipong in IndoCihna dCFCrfbed I of whole llircatcn ocst raid of Japanese inva ISLAND BATTLE IS BELIEVED IN CRUCIAL STAGE Japs Put All Available Power Into Effort to Try to Break Foothold GKNERAL MatARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia Wednesday battle of the Solomon islands was believed ear ly Wednesday lo have entered a crucial stage The Japanese ap parently were swinging all avail able power into an attempt to break the foothold won by Ameri can armed forces in the Tulagi area H After five days of fighting headquarters still had failed lo produce any official information jiistiying positive conclusions but hist de were regarded as favorable and a dispatch from Admiral Robert L Uhormleys at Auckland sug ijcsled that sains were being held if not extended At the same time Australian land forces threw the enemy back with stiff losses in the Kokoda sector of New Guinea and allied bombers kept up slugging attacks on JupniiGse and supply lines on the 2700 mile island front north of Australia and as far west as Timor Gen Douglas MacArthur ap peared to be intensifying his aer ial attacks on the Japanese supply areas as a result of indications that the enemy was attempting to bring ihe greatest possible force to bear against the American as sault troops in tlie Tulagi area where army marine naval and air forces were cooperating So fur MacArthurs forces have not been involved in the Solomon battle except for the attacks on Japanese areas out line conflict might spread over a greater zone that wouki involve other actions U was pointed out here that official statements issued to dale indicate the allied attack forces arc not having ui easy victory although propaganda claims by the Tokio radio have been thoi oughly discredited thc bombing as the 1 ever made Large fires were started along a milelong water front area by direct hits on am munition dump warehouses and a large freighter Crews of the American bombers reported large fires and great clouds of smoke after Tuesdays bombing of Canton sion buses north of Australia HOOVER HAS BIRTHDAY WEST YELLOWSTONE Mont has been his custom for the past five years Former Presi dent Herbert Hoover celebrated liis birthday anniversary his G8lh at a quiet dinner party at a camp on the Madison river north of ben Monday nighl He and companions spenl the day fishing on nearby Hcbgen lake High Court Upholds Dismissing Injunction Against Clear Lake DES MOINES Iowa supreme court Tuesday affirmed the Cerro Gordo district court de cision dismissing the injunction suit of John Kelroy and others against the city ol Clear Lake in which the individuals sought to prevent Ihe city from opening a block of strccl fronting on Ihe lake west of he Lakeshore hotel Bombs Kill Several in Mental Institution LONDON patienls and slaff members oC an East An glian mental instilulion were killed Monday night by a direct hit from a German plane during raids on East Anglia and south east England Emergency squads toiled through the night to re cover the dead and rescued the injured at the institution By noon 12 bodies had been brought out of two flattened wards ranging trom the Solomons in the east lo Java in the Gilmore Will Return to Iowa U to Teach Law IOWA CITY Eugene Allen Gilmore former president of tho University of Iowa who has been dean of the law college of the University of Pittsburgh for the past two years is scheduled to return in the fall lo teach in the Iowa college of lav Current plans arc for Dr Gilmore to leach through tiic first three icrms of the 19424i academic year uni versity official said It WHS nol stated whether he would remain for a longer period U S Attacks in Solomons First united nations offensive in the southwest Pacific is launched by American forces against Jap bases in the Solomon islands shown on above map northeast of Aus tralia The principal assault was directed at Tulagi Amcrican and Australian hom ier pilols reported success in ther widespread attacks on enemy sup ly bases Al Timor Australianmanned combers flew out of tbc late af ternoon sun and attacked enemy hips and harbor targets al an al titude of perhaps 50 feet Our bombs made a hole in one 4000ton ship and I saw Japanese diving into the water as we ma chinegunned the vessel which was later seen sinking one Aus tralian pilot said The allied bombers were re ported lo have succeeded lo a Ktcal extent in this objective causing heavy damage in steady roundtheclock raids in addition to blasting a Japaucse destroyer iit Timor and hitting several oilier ships and important targets at Ra bau in the Btsmarcks In regard lo the Solomons bat tle official reports indicated that the most iiilcase fighting was in progress wilh considerable losses on both sides in addition to one American cruiser acknowledged sunk and five ships hit A United Press dispatch from U S naval headquarters at Pearl Ilarlior said that it was believed Uial the Japanese had suffered heavy casualties in the American air and naval bombardment prc rrclinthe landing of American shock troops in Ihe Salomons There was nothing tip lo Ihis afternoon indicating that the Tu lagt fighting had taken an un favorable turn for the allies bul there was no new information that would indicate further progress in the attack Guns of a formidable tlnitcrt and allied fleet and the bombs and machine guns of naval and land based planes pounded at the enemy fighting desperately imld its positions with the aid of planes and Mich naval units as the Japanese command had managed lo put into keep afloat As the battle of Ihe Solomon islands raged through its fifth day all reports to United States naval headquarters at Hawaii General Douglas MacArthurs headquar ters in Australia and Washington indicated that the American boys had a chance to win a victory ;