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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 09, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND A3CHIVE5 OES U01NEO IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THUKSDAY AUGUST 9 1945 RUSSIANS TbU Paper Consists at Two SecUcmsStcUon One NO 261 MANCHURIA Second Atomic Bomb Smashes Important Jap Naval Base Crew Says Bomb 1 Results Are Good Guam reports indicated that the 2nd atomic bomb to be dropped on Japan all but obliterated Naga saki a major naval base and Japans llth largest city dur ing the noon rush hour Thursday Crew members of the Superfortress which loosed the ter rifying bomb on Nagasaki watched the earthshaking explo sion and flashed back to Gen Carl A Spaatz commander of the strategic air forces that results were good No further details will be available until the mission re turns Spaatz said in a brief communique But to all hands that brief that Nagasaki a city of 252630 persons virtually had been blown off the map ot Japan by an explosion equal to that which levelled 4 of Hiroshima of the first atomic bombing raid RadS was sLlent the results ol the Nagasaki attack Only Wednesday however it told how searing flames and horrible con cussion blasted and burned death every living thing with in range in the Hiroshima raid Tokyo admitted that even 4 days after the mighty atomic ex plosion in Hiroshima it was im possible to assess fully the de vastation wrought by the bomb Bodies burned beyond recogni tion and too numerous to count still remained in the ruins American experts computed the completely destroyed area of Hiroshima with318000 popula tion Japans 7th largest city at 60 per cent of the builtup area An even greater percentage of Nagasaki probably was razed Nagasaki lies on the western coast of Kyushu southernmost of the Japanese home ap proximately 175 miles southwest of Hiroshima In addition io its invportani navy yard Nagasakiis crowded with shipyards aircraft factories worksaircraft plants and electric works of the octopuslike Mitsubishi industries The city was damaged slightly in early raids by Chinabased Superfortresses but escaped the destruction that has been rained on the enemy homeland since the 2flth air force came of age with large bases in the Marianas Powerless to halt the atomic bombing raids Japan was cry ing out in horror against them and indirectly pleading for with drawal of the weapon in the name of humanity and fair play Men women and children sick crippled or helpless bomb has no mercy as to whom it kills Radio Tokyo said From earlier reports we are certain that Hiroshima was subjected to the most inhuman and barbaric act yet to ba reported in the an nals of America Seek Blond in Black for Questioning Omaha blond in black was sought by Omaha police Thursday for questioning in con nection with an army pilots leap to his death from the fourth story of an Omaha hotel shortly after midnight Wednesday Chief of Detectives Fritz Franks identified the man as Lt Robert H Gicbler 24 Syracuse N Y who Franks said had completed his training at Harvard Nebr army air field and was about to be sent overseas Lt Giebler told 2 small boys walking under the window that he was going to jump and the boys summoned passersby who ar rived just as the young man leaped the detective chief said Officials of the hotel the Rome said Giebler and the blond woman had been at the hotel bar but that the bartender refused to serve the woman because she ap peared intoxicated Germans Sent Spies to Learn Bomb Plans Washineton FBI said Thursday that 5 German spies sent to the United Scales after 1939 to learn of atomic bomb develop ments were persuaded to double cross the nazis and work as coun ter espionage agents Several of the spies were in tercepted in Europe and South America enroute to this country and made double agents before they launched any espionage ac tivities for the nazis an FBI spokesman said He would not dis close their names As a result of American alert ness the FBI said no sabotage of any kind was committed in an atomic plant Far Eastern Planes Smash Jap Shipping Manila eastern air force planes ranging throughout Asiatic waters smashed Thurs day at strained and dwindling en emy transportation lines after having destroyed or damaged 59 Japanese vessels in a 48 hour at tack The attacks came at a time when the Japanese suddenly faced with a war against Kussla also urgently needed every ton of shipping that they could master American aircraft sweeping from Korea to Malaya on Sunday and Monday shot up virtually everything that moved on the calm waters below them B25 medium ilitcheil bombers concentrating on enemy traffic in the straits between Korea and Japan sank one gunboat and 4 small freighters ranging from 200 to 1200 tons They left a 6000 tonner listing badly and damaged 2 small cargo ships and a large sailing vessel American Asiatic night patrol planes bombed installations at Shanghai while others off south ern Korea hit industrial targets on Makino island MASON CITYAN IS DUE HOME Cpl Clarence H Madsen son of Mr and Mrs Peter Madsen of 141 24th S W is due to arrive on the SS Queen Elizabeth in New York on Saturday according to an Associated Press dispatch re ceived in Mason City Thursday Madsen has been serving in the European theater as a ground crew member with the 8th air force for the past 26 months At ttie time of entering the service in March 1942 he was employed as lathe operator with Iowa State Brand Creameries in Mason City Seek Secretary Fargo N Dak Worth Dakota Taxpayersassociation was on the lookout Thursday lor a new secretary following the res ignation of J M Cathcart Wednes day Weather Report x FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness with occasional local show ers Thursday night and Friday Warmer Thursday night Iowa Partly clojdy and a little warmer Thursday and Thursday night Occasional showers in ex treme west Thursday and scat tered thundershowers in west and central portions Thursday night Friday mostly cloudy with occasional thundershow ers Warmer in west Minnesota Cloudy with occasion al light rain Thursday night a little warmer except near Lake Superior Friday partly cloudy with occasional light rain in east scattered showers and warmer west IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday so Minimum Wednesday 52 At 8 a m Thursday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 53 200 PLANES HIT AS FLEET MOVES AHEAD Navy Contemptuously Tells Japs to Expect New Fleet Strikes BULLETIN Guam task force of 80 Superfortresses strove the tank storage farm at Amaga saki near Osaka in a concen trated attack with nearly 500 tons of demolition bombs The big bombers struck heavily at Japans chief refinery of avia tion gasoline The Nippon re finery was hit July 20 then 47 per cent of the builtup area was destroyed Guam AP Adm Hal seys mighty 3rd fleet at tacked Japan anew Thursday with more than 1200 carrier planes and brushed aside en emy air opposition the first encountered since it started hounding Nippons homeland more ttiag a month ago1 A dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Al Dop king with the fleet said the armadas antiaircraft guns thundered as the Japanese planes appeared and that he saw 2 shot down No ship re ported damage Returned earner pilots who started their attacks be fore dawn against northern Honshu reported many Japa nese planes set afire on the ground 2 ships sunk and at least 6 others damaged The return of Adm Hal seys massive fleet to waters off north same sector where it began its red July scourge of the enemy fleet air force and coastal in as Adm Nim itz pledged Russia the as sistance of the navy The Tokyo radio reported that in addition to the heavy carrier plane attacks surface units of the 3rd fleet were shelling the northeastern Honshu steel city of Kamai shi The attacks are now continu ing Nimitz said suggesting the same daylong type of raids which last month destroyed or damaged 0 a more than 1000 enemy vessels second atomic bomb on the enemy and more than 1300 planes homeland aboard It supplemented aroundthe fect of Americas new atomic bomb and of Russian entry into the Pacific war said such tactical sur r HI graveyards and the backyards of homes Yet the navy had called its shot yBiagoveshchen sk Khabarovsk US Air Force Aids Russias Invasion BULLETIN London radio broadcast Thursday the first communique of the Russian war in the far east report ing soviet troops crossed the Manchukuo border on the wide front By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias Siberian troops were reported invading puppet Manchuria at many points alongthe 2000mile frontier Thursday as American air forces in China hammered at Japanese withdrawal routes toward the new second front in the Pacific war Chinese parachute troops also were disclosed to have gone into action against the Japanese in an effort to blockany withdrawal northward The Tokyo radio said red army troops slashed across the longdisputed Manchurian border both on the east and west early Thursday morning shortly after the soviet declaration or war became effective at midnight Disclosure that American air forces had gone into action in coordination with the Russians was made by Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer commander of American forces in China who said U s bombers had been pounding Japanese troop movement routes north for a month with advance I that Russia was to join DuLLcTINS San Francisco Japa nese Political association called an inrachutV emergency meeting Thursday Kweilin afternoon and held an important conference relating to the rap idlychanging war situation Tokyo radio reported Thursday in a broadcast recorded by United freas Sm Francisco Chunsklnp Appointment WHERE JAPS FACE SOVIET THREATS FROM NORTHMap indicates threats faced Shaded areas are Japaneseheld AP wirephoto K A engr operations Planes Drop Revolt Leaflets to Japs Believe Japs Are Ripe for Quitting War Manila of leaflets calling upon the Japanese people to revolt against their leaders and sue for peace were dropped on Japan by American planes Thurs day The leaflet barrage coincided with Russias entry info the Pa war and the dropping of a of the flert1 Tail the A aroundthe swarmed to the attack elated bv IO warninSs from Ameri the news of the devastating ef4f stations In the feet of Americas new atomic to JaPan to surrender to new atomic herseU from uttfir destruc Allied propagandists believed iropwnff said such tactical sur propagandists believed prise was achieved that the fleet might be ripe for surrender raiders may have caught the en Soviet Foreign Commissar V M emys planes before they had revealed Wednesday night time to conceal them as they have Peace was in her mind when in the past by putting them in h5 that Tokyo had asked vy iicivi asrvcLi Moscow to mediate with the west ern allies for her Emperor Hirohito even sent bnot jrurunuo even sent a oniy Wednesday warning Japan Personal request to Moscow to do boldly rn a broadcast that Halsey everything possible for a nego moving in again after having tiated peace Molotov said Fleet Crew Optimistic About Quick End of War By RICHARD W JOHNSTON United Press War Correspondent inf Halseys 3ra Fleet Off Japan got the news about the atomic bomb about noon Wednesday We probably were S know any Other American we were the last fU COBlmander a cup of hot coffee said in a wondtrine Why the war will be over in 2 weeks hfsTSi WUh a ln ear and a Suitar un quitThis lnil1B win 5inh damned islands Thus the alwayspessimistic war front caught up with the usuallv optimistics tame front when it heard about thl atomic bomb fn fiy y onthls shP is conscious that this world is different UeSday night Evefy one conscious of just a little apprehensive Vc r Snce ye heard about the bomb we have been glanc ing over our shouldersin the direction of Japanas a to see Fujiyama soar into the wild blue yonder expecting to Mitchells and In the Okinawabased accept only Japans unconditional surrender Liberators vaders from far eastern air forces surrender leaflets to Japan Thurs day Surrounded by a ring of steel the Japanese people must take ac tion to avoid the utter destruction nf he said militarists to drag you and your ancestral country to utter ruin uss The leaflets only slightly larger war on Japan than postcards were printed secretly by Gen Douglas MacAr s giant American and Russian sol diers clasping hands over the Jap anese home islands he war Wedemeyer also announced that American trained Chinese para chute troops were interfering with Japanese movements A recent troop drop between HengyanfT caused of Gen Charles B Stone 3rd 41 as commander of the PS 14th air force was announced Thursday by Lt Gen Georpe E Stratemcyer commander of the 17 S army air forces in China Stone succeeds MaJ Gen Claire Chen nault who recently resigned New Vork Broad castiiur System said Thursday a Japanese radio announcement for which listeners had been ordered to stand by was merely a formal announcement that Russia and Japan were at war Washington JP President Truman called In top military dip lomatic and scientific advisers Thursday to discuss the atomic bomb whose terrific destructive effect twice has been felt by Japan Secretary of War Stimson cancelled a regular Thursday morning news conference to at tend the white house meeting He took with him Major General Les lie Groves who supervised the secret work which harnessed for war purposes the atoms terrific energy Groves was to have at tended Stimsons news conference Thursday Truman Gives Radio Report Washington resident Truman reports to the nation Thursday on the war situation His halfhour address over all networks will begin at 9 oclock central war time When the address first was scheduled it was expected chiefly a report on the Potsdam meeting of the big 3 with some mention of the new atomic bomb Now Mr Truman is expected to dis cuss also Russias declaration of Plan Swimming ffistMsrsi s xss by convalescent patients at Schick general hospital Friday in the hospitals new pool 5 new pool Entry War Will Bring Seat at Peace Table for Russia m By her declaration of war ajrainst Jan Partner with the became flt KHJ iiidijier Diar upon at Cairo in November 1943 Minister Churchill and simo Chiang Kaishek The assumption in diplomatic quarters here is that when the Soviets finally agreed to enter the conflict against Japan they auto matically accept the terms of the awl Okinawa Japan agreed Roosevelt Prime vjt me Cairo agreement in which they did not participate This belief is strengthened by authentic disclosures that at Yalta n Jebruary Generalissimo Stalin told Mr Roosevelt and Churchill unurcniii both Cairo signers that he would enter the Pacific war But he did not then set a specific date At Cairo the 3 powers then fighting the Japanese renounced all territorial expansion for them selves They agreed that Japan would be stripped of all Pacific islands she had seized or occupied since the beginning of World war I in 1941 They said territories she had stolen such as Manchuria For mosa and the Pescadores would be restored to China The 3 pow ers also agreed that in due course Korea shall become free and independent If the Soviets are bound by these terms a great many Ameri cans including members of con gress will breathe easier on that score Legislators have been spec ulating for months on what Rus sia might want with guesses ranging all the way from a part of Manchuria to all of Korea Diplomatic sources generally believe that the Russians were not promised any specific territory at Yalta If that is true they must make original claims at the Pa cific peacte conference for any areas they might desire Speculation is that they will want full sovereignty of the island of Sakhalin which they now share Manchuria probably at Dairen which they held on a commercial naval base rights at Port Arthur be heard in the postwar disposi 1 S find a strong ally in Russia for tol tiol It was expected that the Japa nese would try to concentrate their forces in China north of the Yellow iiver in order to meet fHe new threat of Russias entry into the war Moscow had not yet confirmed Tokyo broadcasts that Russian troops had gone into action and that fierce fighting was taking place along the Manchurian bor der But a Moscow broadcast io red army soldiers declared Our troops already are marching against the enemy A broadcast Domel dispatch said Russian forces had battered across the eastern frontier of Manchuria at several points along a 300 mile line extending southward iiom Hutou to Hunchun Hutou ust across the sovietManchuria jorder is 350 miles east of Har 3in and Hunchun is about 240 miles southeast of that key indus rial and communications center regarded as a prime Russian ob jective The attack from the west Tokyo said was launched in the vicinity of Lupin Manchouli in the northwestern elbow of the wind ing Manchurian border about 500 air miles northwest of Harbin A Japanese imperial headquar ers communique said the Rus sians struck across both the east ern and western frontiers begin ning shortly after midnight This suggested a vast pincers move ment against the crack Kwang tung army pride of Emperor Hir ohitos forces believed massed in Manchuria At the same time the enemy communique said soviet planes raided targets in northern Korea and northern Manchuriain sep arate actions The headquarters communique asserted that part of the soviet army opened attacks after cross ing the eastern and western Man chukuosovlet borders while si multaneously small numbers of aircraft of the soviet air force made separate raids on parts of northern Manchuokuo Manchur ia and northern Chosen Both the Japanese and Man chuokuoan armies in these areas counterattacked for self defense and now are engaged in fighting with the soviet army Domei said the targets of the soviet planes included Harbin and Kirin capital of Kirin province 270 miles southwest of Vladivos tok Rashin a Japanese naval base in Korea and Genzan Won a port on the eastern coast of Korea Other points also were attacked by the Russian planes the dispatch said The enemy bulletin declared puppet Manchurian troops had joined the Japanese in counter attacks Tokyo cree for the entire nation against sion At the same time the dls patch said the srovernment called important an extraordinary meeting of the cmna may state council and took steps for n Russia for stvlng immediate full play to the ely bd for complete con nations power thereby putting in Hong Kong rdcr the EOvetnincnt and ;