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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 9, 1944, Mason City, Iowa or COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND AftCMIVfS DCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 9 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO M WX g CLAIM YANKS 87 MILES FROM PARIS TIGHTEN NOOSE ON GERMANS IN Is Threatened BALTIC SECTOR 3 Russian Columns Press on Riga Nazis Try CounterAttacks Omaha truckers dis pute threatens a shortage motor fuel and tractor fuel in western Iowa and eastern Nebraska through the tieup of petroleum transports Omaha District Man ager V J Hons of the office o defense transportation said Wednesday Theres absolutely no reason m m why the petroleum transporters Moscow JP operate Hons de tightened a noose Wednesday K pointlng out the trans around German Baltic forces once afe not members of the estimated at Midwest Operators association 23C1000 and 30CI 000 whch u involved in the wage dis smashed a deeper wedge t ith th war labor board and through Poland toward German Silesia west of the Vistula AU ye petroleum carriers seem Three soviet columns pressed srK tud up tfae fact we Riga from the west south and east tove prwBlse of organized for possibly the biggest kill of the Lfcor mt to taterfCTe in their summer campaign Heavily Hons said The oper ored enemy units fell back upon ators apparently voluntarily shut the Latvian capital their offensive thrusts shattered by Gen Ivan Hons said the ODT has no au Bagramians right wing thority to direct the petroleum The soviet high command an carrers to resume operations but nounced that enemy forces are being bled white and our troops are stubbornly advancing against German reserve divisions thrown into desperate counterat tacks in nearly every sector of the front to keep the Russian hordes from German soil A communique supplement said all were repulsed The communique also announced a 6 mile northward thrust on the Vistula bridgehead a drive that may be pointed at Warsaw from the south and an advance to with in 33 miles of Czechoslovakian border The Russians said that to sup port their counterattacks the Germans are hurling even road buildinr airdrome and other rear detachments into battle It was reported 16 new German divisions have reached the front in the past 3 weeks some from the central Germany reserves others from western Poland Italy Jugoslavia Hungary and norway The Russians where the German counterattacks have occurred but it could be as sumed that at least part were aimed at keeping the red army from leaping forward the lew miles to reach the soil of east Prussia The Germans announced that many new officers have taken over on the eastern front at this critical A German southward thrust aimed at breaking out of the Es tonia a t v i a encirclement was broken up by soviet forces several days ago in the Birzai area in northern Lithuania near the Lat vian border the daily Russian communique said Since then the rolling Russian legions in that sector have cap tured more than 80 communities including Radviliskis on the bor der 45 miles from Riga Along with the Birzai offensive the soviet forces shot Z other spearheads into Latvia along the Daugava river toward Riga sweeping through a total of 120 places including Krustplls Front advices said there was rea son to believe one of the biggest encirclements of the summer cam paign was gaining new momen tum Thousands German sol diers strung out in the vast spaces from the Gulf of Riga to the southern shores of Lake Peipus were reported being driven back to the Baltic in a battle of exler we are urging them to return to work He said the tractor fuel is badly needed now because ot the harvest and that the motor fue is needed to move livestock and other farm products to market The truck strike nas not inter fered with movement of livestock Four Omaha overtheroad railaffiliated lines and 1 to sign the WLBapproyed con tracts providing wage increases for drivers Meanwhile other truck firms re mained tied up as operators and drivers waited for government ac tion to force the issue The opera tors refusal to pay WLBdirected wage increases has been referred by WLB to the president Settlement of the strike and re turn to work an estimated 200 men was announced first by union officials i and later confirmed by M M KrupinskyMidwest Oper ators Assocaition spokesman here had striking against the railoperated companies in the first place as Pickets Stopping Truck Shipments Near North Plotte Omaha appearec for the first time In the midwest truck strike Wednesday stopping all truck shipments on highway 30 near North Platte with the excep tion of gasoline oil grains and perishables Nothing will go through until this strike is settled one way or the other Art Eckdahl repre sentative of the AFL drivers un ion at North Platte Nebr said Government goods including war supplies also were being held at North Platte but Eckdahl said a government man was expected soon to direct rerouting of the rucks upon which they will be released at once Eckdahl said he understood pickets were also on the highways at Omaha and Lincoln PLANES SLASH AT BRIDGES ON FRENCH FRONT 2000 Crait Assault Targets in Germany Hungary Yugoslavia London than 2000 American heavy bombers and fighters from Britain and Italy attacked war targets Wednesday in Germans Hungary and Yugo slavia while hundreds of planes slashed at bridges behind the French battle zone and exploded a huge ammunition dump About 750 Flying Fortresses and liberators with an equal num ber of escorts flew through soupy weather from England and cast explosives on undisclosed objec tives around Stuttgart the De troit of Germany and in other sectors of southern Germany Clouds were 3 miles thick American Marauders and Ha vocs bombed C French bridges a noon Five were across the Ois north of Paris A German rada station in the ArgcntanAlencon Hengyang Is Captured by Jap Troops By J B KRUEGER Associated Press War Editor Japan has broken her steady string defeats in the Pacific Burma and India with the cap ture of Hengyang vital Chinese city from which the Japanese can drive south to split China in two Chungking received a message rom Hengyangs garrison com nander saying his Chinese troops vho had clung doggedly to the urrounded city for 6 weeks had JAP ACKACK BRINGS DOWN U S 5th air force attack bomber top streams smoke after a direct hit by Jap ackack in a low level attack on enemy at Kokas Dutch New Guinea In lower picture stricken plane crashes into water as the other A20 flies on home Associated Press wirephoto from far east air forces Kayenay engraving mination Once again the they were refusing all new busi Des Moines firms reporting off the job for the first me Tuesday were Caldwell and artung and the Wood and Fender ruck service which handle meat nly Russian com munique made no mention of the situation before Warsaw where soviet troops last were reported battering the eastern suburbs while the Polish underground fought the Germans inside the capital itself Toward the southern end the long battle line a 33mile approach to Czechoslovakia was achieved by capture of Chyrow in a jump from the highwayrail junction of Sam bor capture of which Moscow saluted 2 nights ago Merrill Leader of Marauders Given Transfer for Health Southeast Asia Headquarters Kandy Ceylon Joseph W Stilwell announced Wednes day that Brig Gen Frank Merrill who led Merrills Marauders on a 700 mile jungle trek through northern Burma that paved the way for the capture of Myitkyina has been transferred to the China BurmaIndia liaison group at southeast Asia headquarters be cause of his health I considered it unfair toward a valuable officer to ask a fur ther effort which might make a lasting effect on his health and therefore transferred him to less arduous but equally important duty Stilwell said Brig Gen Theodore Wesels was appointed as commander of the Marauders a volunteer group in succeeding Merrill they agreed to the wage increase before this whole thing started Krupinsky said adding that the independent company is a small concern not very active in the operators association Union officials said they have come to contractual agreemen vith the operators of the Burling on Transportation company the Hock Island Motor Transit com pany the Santa Fe Trail Transpor ation company and the lowaNe 3raska Transit company with icadquarters at Avoca Iowa Srupinsky said he understood Tuesday night the Iowa company liad not signed the contract bu had agreed to sign In Iowa conversely the true situation was reported growing steadily more acute with addition al strikes bringing to the number of Des Moines overtheroad com panics whose vans were not mov ing Wednesday To the west Denver sources re ported eastbound truck traffic ha been curtailed drastically but n shutdowns nor driver walkouf were reported in Colorado Spreads to 15 Iowa Truck Firms Des Moines strike of overtheroad trackers spread to 15 Iowa trucking companies Wednesday as the Commercial Freight company of Des Moines suspended operations Ernest Zash official of the com pany said operations were sus pended when 7 of his drivers quit It was the 10th Des Moines firm affected Meanwhile some of the larger firms which have been paying the 7 cents an hour wage increase de manded by the AFL drivers ported they were affected indi rectly through inability to ex change freight with strikebounc lines Several of the firms saic Delay in U S Action Expected Washington de ay in government action to end tie midwest truckers strike ap leared likely Wednesday as it de eloped that a group of interested agencies still are studying the matter after lost papers in the case had been located The strike attributed to refusal of truck line operators to put into effect a wage increase ordered jythe war labor board has tied up 112 firms in 8 states Sources at the war labor hoard which voted July 12 to send the case to the white house had re ported Tuesday night that the facts in the case had been pre sented to President Roosevelt by War Mobilization Director James F Byrnes for a decision on whether the government should take over the struck lines A white house spokesman said Wednesday however that the case still was in the hands of a group of agencies including the office of defense transportation and Economic Stabilization Di rector Fred M Vinson to whom Byrnes had referred the matter or study These agencies will make rec ommendations as to whether there s any way of settling the strike short of government seizure of he lines and report back to 3 Members of Cabinet in Hungary Dismissed Nazi Radio Declares London Berlin radio quoted a dispatch from Bupadest Tuesday as saying that Admiral Nicholas Horthy Hungarian re gent had dismissed Bela Imrcdi minister without portfolio and 2 other cabinet members at their own request The others dismissed were iden tified as Antal Kunder minister of commerce and transportation and Andor Jaross home secretary The significance of the develop ment was not immediately appar ent All 3 however were strongly identified with pronazi elements in Hungary and took office Ias1 March 23 when a new govcrnmeni as organized under Premier Sztojay to intensify the effort Formation of the Sztojay cabi et coincided with a sudden influx I German troops which amountec o virtual military occupation o Hungary Byrnes If Byrnes should decide seizure or other presidential ac tion was necessary he would so advise Mr Roosevelt who woulc make the final decision NAMED ON STAFF Walter W Goeppinger has been appointed t the staff of Lt Gen Ma the w A Tinley Iowa state guard com mander and assigned to attend t military and persona affairs o Gen Tinley He has been com mander of headquarters company 2nd regiment sinceits organiza lion in December 1941 ALLIES RETAKE MONTE GRILLO Nazi CounterAttacks Near Arezzo Beaten Off Rome and Indian orces have recaptured blood oaked Monte Grillo and have eaten off 5 enemy counterat acks on its slopes in furious fight ng north and northwest of Arezzo llicd headquarters announced Vcdnesday as a lull prevailed over most of the Italian front A communique described the ituation in and around Florence s virtually unchanged with only patrol activity in the immediate vicinity of the great art center There were no further reports of jie Germans shelling the southern part of the city Associated Press area also was attacked Italybased American bombers struck oil and plane fa cilities in Hungary and the Brod railway yards in Yugoslavia The U S 9th air force anhai in 1937 nounced that its fighter bombers supporting ground forces Tues day destroyed 51 tanks and dam aged 22 mostly between Mortain and Vire and around newlycap tured Le HansIn the thousand sorties the 9th flew Tuesday the fighter bombers destroyed 138 other vehicles 34 gun emplace ments 63 railroad cars and 2 lo camotives TJp to 500 Flying Fortresses and Liberators from Italy struck in Hungary The Almas Fuzito oil refinery on the Danube 30 mites west of was left in flames Other targets were a Mes serschmitt assembly plant at Gyor and airdromes at Veches and Tokol Stuttgart a city ot 400000 and the capital of Wurtemburg is in southwest Germany 110 miles from the French frontier It is on rail and highway routes to Paris and Munich and is the site of a ball bearing factory a magneto works and airplane engines and assembly plants British medium bombers in the early afternoon exploded an am munition dump in the Lyons for est 10 miles cast of Rouen A forest fire was kindled by the ex plosion and this was followed by a gigantic upheaval of the earth which sent a wave over a radius of 5 miles a pilot said been slain almost to the last man I am afraid this may be my last message to you he added This most important Japanese victory in China since 1938 cleared most of the way for Nip pons army to close a 170mile Chineseheld gap on the Hankow Peiping railroad The 1000mile line could serve 2 purposes To seal off coastal China from the allies gathering to the west and to provide a land supply route supplementing its diminishing sea communications 5 CHINESE GENERALS STAYED WITH TROOPS Chungking Iff Five Chinese generals apparently remained with the last survivors of the heroic Hengyang garrison composed heavy principally of Cantonese troops when the Japanese broke into the city after the bitterest fighting in NAZIS DECLARE U S TANKS ON RAPID THRUSTS Americans Take LeMans and Storm Unchecked Toward French Capital Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Gen Omar N Bradlcys Ameri can first army swept straight through Le Mans Wednesday and stormed still unchecked into the last hundred miles to Paris An official announcement of complete occupation of the big road and rail junction city made it clear that U S armor was firmly beyond the city 110 miles southwest of Paris and a German fast spearheads miles from the broadcast said were only 87 French capital Canadians on the east Hank meanwhile had smashed 16 miles below Caen through the Germans 2nd defense line and crunched on the approaches to Falaise only 4 miles away a communications center essential to the whole east ern shoulder of the German line The Germans pictured the American avalanche as already 23 miles beyond Le Mans easily lot and run into solid resistance there was no indication Ully tlinji lilt uiiitiijL i vrt3 China since the battle for possible since tne doughboys had ai in 1937 The generals in a farewell mes sage to Generalissimo Chiang sent on Tuesday night ust before radio contact with Hengyang was broken said they intended to stay their troops and die fighting Government Spokesman P H Chang Wednesday affirmed Chinas determination to frustrate Japanese plans to conquer the whole Canton Hankow railway and asserted the long heroic de fense of Hengyang which haltet the enemys advance in Hunan province had almost destroyed its present strategic importance A firm hold on the rest of the Canton Hankow railway would complete Japanese control of a 1000 mile strip across China giv ing them an overland rail route from Peiping in the north to Canton You could see the whole coun tryside quivering and trees were bent over by the blast he said Flames and smoke rose to a great height Three of these bombers were lost to intense ground fire The 2way attack followed a night of twin blows at Hitlers oil 8 KILLED IN PLANE CRASH 8 Others Chute to Safety After Collision Sioux City bodies of 8 crewmen have been recovered from the wreckage of a Flyinp Fortress w h i c h crashed and burned near Iowa into the reich Sunday for Weather Report FORECAST lason City Fair and continued hot Wednesday night and Thurs day Highest temperature Wed nesday afternoon and Thursda afternoon between 90 and 95 Iowa Fair and continued hot Wee nesday afternoon and throug Thursday Moderate daytime winds Highest afternoon tem peratures slightly above 90 Minnesota Fair south and partly cloudy with scattered thunder showers north portion Wednes day night and Thursday con tinued warm south portion lit tle change in temperature north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statstics Maximum Tuesday 86 Minimum Tuesday night 63 At 8 a m Wednesday 68 At p m Wednesday 89 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 64 Precipitation 143 War Correspondent Lynn Heinz erling who has been with the 8th army inside the city in the recent days said the German batteries had been directing their fire at targets outside the southern limits and there was nothing to indicate damage to the city itself There were conflicting reports however on conditions within the heart of Florence on the north bank of the Amo short The British troop paper Union I lions Jack said that life was going on normally inside Florence but that the water supply was short and black marketeers were selling water at 20 lire per bottle The lire had a prewar value of about 5 cents On the other hand the Canadian troopshect Leaf said an Italian who had forded the Arno and reached the allied lines de clared that central Florence is being systematically looted by the Germans and that the citizens are confined indoors He also asserted that fighting between fascists and antifascists had broken out in one section In the Amo loop east of Flor ence the enemy continued to re sist strongly along his mile bridgehead on the southern bank of the stream extending from a point 4 miles cast of the citys edge to 3 miles south of Pontassieve supply the first based heavy bombers which had devoted all their efforts to sup port of allied armies in France Planes filled the channel skies throughout the morning One bomber fleet took more than an hour to cross the coast Twice within 3 hours Tuesday night RAF Lancasters and Hali faxes attacked 3 fuel dumps in northern considerable distances from the battle front and each containing hundreds of tons of oil All 3 AireSurLa Lys in the PasdeCalais area in the Foret dc Lucheux to the south and in the Foret de Chantilly just north of Paris were left in flames More than sorties were flown Tuesday against German front positions in support of ground troops driving Paris but allied appraisal of the results was marred again by a re collision with another bomber army air base officials announced Wednesday Names of the men killed were withheld pending notification ot i next of kin 1 Eight men parachuted to safety officials said One of them jumped from the plane that crashed The other plane was flown back to the Sioux City base by 2 crew men who stayed with the ship after the other 7 had jumped Officials said the planes were flying in formation on a routine training flight at an altitude of about 3 miles when the collision where short of Paris the Ger mans might be able to check hem A front dispatch said the Ger mans in Le Mans were taken by surprise while making a hasty and futile effort to fortify the city The Canadian plunge carried within 4 miles of Falaise itself only 65 miles above Lc Mans The allied wings were curling around the bulk of the German army threatening to pocket it Other U S troops battering soiitliwaVd neared Angers Loire river 50 miles inland from the river port of Nantes and 50 southwest of Le Mans This broadened the U S front in Frnnce to some BO miles En emy resistance in the Loire push was reported light 1 On the Breton peninsula doughboys charged into the outer defenses of the great port of Brest after the German garrison refused a surrender ultimatum LI Gen Karl Spang commanding the German 266th infantry was captured near Brest Both the Americans and Can adians were within little more than 100 perhaps Paris in a great pincers drive on the French capital The allies apparently had split German armored fore so carefully 1513 great blocs The enemy threw a tanks into vain attempts to halt occurred IOWA FLYER KILLED Abilene Tex Lt Gerald L Cline 20 of Lone Tree Iowa a pilot trainee was killed and his instructor was injured when their plane crashed Mon day during an electrical storm 35 miles northeast of here Abilene army air base officials announced Wednesday the surge into Le Mans 4 armored divisions had been committed to a futile counterattack at the al lied center near Mortain The en emy was throwing other steel ma chines against the Canadian army tide advancing below Caen A front dispatch said Ameri cans had sealed off the German penetration near Mortain aimed at splitting the allied corridor and bad knocked the enemy from Chcrence Roussel in that area and captured 3 more towns Fighting continued however near Juvigny northwest of Mortain U S lorccs were closing also on the ports of St Malo on the north Breton coast SI Nazaire and Nantes Reconaissance pa trols were reported at the Loires river mouth The Berlin radio said German troops at St Malo had pulled back within theinner ring of the citys defenses The Canadian drive ripping through a great German anti port that some explosives fell bombing Canadian posi Travels by Schooner Seeks Job in Movie Los Angeles Strickj land an Oklahoma rancher who would like to get a job in a west1 ern movie has rolled into Losj Angeles from Oklahomi City with his wife and 3 105 days in a horse drawn prairie schooner Sighed Strickland Id never be crazy enough to do it again WILL BUILD DAM Ottumwa fP With informal approval from Lt Col John H Peil of the army engineers work is expected to start in 30 days on a proposed dam at Tur key Island site of some of the worst flood conditions this spring ON ROAD TO area on which allies are fight ins on the road to Paris is shown in the above map ;