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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 9, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPWUENT HISTORY ANO o i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHtOkS HOME EDITION fTTTTTTl VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PBFSS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 9 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OT TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 260 PUSH WITHIN 42 MILES OF MESSINA Nazi Reserves Try to Halt Soviet Offensive OF MATERIALS MEN IS HEAVY Failed Use i Russian Forces Move Up Through Path of Nazi Armored Wreckage MOSCOW WP Russian tank forces crashing back toward the gates of Kharkov from the north have encounteredstubborn resist ance from fresh German reserves rushed into the battles raging near Dolzhik 15 miles northwest of that big industrial center of the Ukraine front line dispatches said Monday Soviet infantry was reported however to be moving up through the path of German wreckage left by their big ar mored units and to be mopping up and consolidating their sains in preparation for renewed ad vances The capture of Bogodukhov a railway town and Bolshaya Pisa revka arid Tarasovka all north west of Kharkov on the upper reaches of the Vorskla river was considered to have reduced Ger man chancesof rushing further reinforcements into that area In capturing Krasnopolye an other column of the Russian forces driving in from the north had driven to within 21 miles of Sumy rich Ukrainian agriculture center which lies about 80 miles north west of Kharkov Bogodukhovs fall also severed tho second of two rail lines linking Kharkov with Bryansk rail junc ture 250 miles northwest of Khar kov also threatened by soviet col Series of American Victories Put Nippon Forces on Defensive By WILLIAM F BONI ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC VPl Douglas MacArthur said Monday that Japan has used her fullest resources of concentrated attack on the Pacificfronts has tailed and is now on a defensive The margin was cJose but it was conclusive the coni manderinehief of all allied forces in Hie south and south west Pacific said in a statement expressing supreme confidence in final victory Although tor many reasons our victories may have lacked in glamorous focus they have been decisive of the final result in tlie Pacific he said I make no pre dictions as to time or detail but Japan on the Pacific fronts has exhausted the fullest resource of concentrated attack of which she was capable has failed and is now on a defensive which will yield just in proportion as we gather 2500 REGISTER FOR OPENING OF LEGION SESSION Dr Logan of Keokuk Probably Will Be Commander DES MOINES mor than 2500 members registered th Iowa convention of the America Legion was formally opened lUon day by Departmental Dan OBrien The retiring executive commit tee Sunday named convention committee chairmen as follows Stuart Hampton Hass Clear Lake Kahili R rules Karl credentials K O Barber DCS Moiiies resolutions It as indicated meanwhile that Dr Charles R Logan Keo STUDY IN BLACK AND WHITE C H Plattenburg Clear Lake a staunch democrat introduced Gov B B Hickenlooper who spoke on the Clear Lake waterfront Sunday as part of the Governors Days celebra tion Mr Plattcnburg declared that if all the republicans were as white as the governor he might be induced to join the party To which Governor Hickenlooper rejoined timns crashing fallen Orel westward froin Bogodukhov and Dolzhik were the most important of the 60 popu lated places which the Russians reported they had swept into their bag in the days fighting All were located north and west of Kharkov There was no further mention of activity by the red army troop concentration in the Chuauyev sector to the southeast of Khar kov which would be the most likely starting point of a com panion column in a pincers move V The German retreat appar ently was being carried out with a loss of men and comparable to that suffered by the nazis in the earlier stages of the Russian offensive The communique said that the Ger mans lost 77 tanks and 125 planes in combat and that the red army captured 48 German tanks including 15 Tioers in working order A large number of Germans were reported killed The Russians said their col umns moving toward Bryansk captured 130 villages in an ad vance of between four and nine miles Among them was the dis trict center and railroad town of Narishkina 1J miles west of Orel The Russians acknowledged that the red army met with stub born resistance west of Orel but said nazi counterattacks sup ported by aircraft were repulsed with the Germans suffering heavy losses 79 MARKED UP BY ANN CASEY force and definition When that I kuk dentist probably would be will be I do not know but it is I The statement that allied vic tories have been decisive of the final result gained added sig nificance from the words of General MacArthurs spokesman who said he would interpret it 35 meaning that final out come of the war in the Pacific now is clear if The victories to which Mac Arthur referred since Hie success ful conclusion of the Papuan cam paign with the capture of Sanan anda late in January have in cluded The destruction ot a 22ship Japanese convoy in the Bismarck sea and Huon gulf last March repulse of a determined Jaoanesc drive lo regain the New Guinea airdrome of Wati south ol Saia maua in May capture of Mubo 12 miles south of Salamaua the combined AustralianAmerican in vasion campaign of July occupa tion of forward bases to Trobriand and Wpodlark islands June 30 an operation timed to coincide wit the present Solomons push con tinual air attacks against Japanese strong points from Soerabaja in the Dutch East Indies to New Georgia and Santa Isabel islands in the central Solomons a series of vic torious naval actions culminating in the crushing defeat of a four ship enemy convoy in Vella gul on the night of Aug 7 Commenting informally on th wars progress in his sphere ol command General MacArthur said elected Wednesday as depart mental commander succeeding OBrien Logan has been state American ismohairman V epast year and is first district commander No other candidates have announced them selves The veterans of the first World war indicated they expected a dis cussion of legislative proposals for postwar readjustment of those fighting in the present conflict to have an important place on the onvention agenda Many of them lave sons in the service The sixth district of which DCS Moines is headquarters wa awarded the W C Rathke com nunity service honor presented lo the istrict having the nghest number of posts reporting community service activities F R RETURNS FROM CANADA Trip Appeals to Have Been for Relaxation WASHINGTON white house announced Monday that President Roosevelt has re turned from a short vacation in Canada on which lie was accom panied by his official staff The trip appeared lo have been purely fov purposes of rest and relaxation without any visits with ranking Canadian officials White House Secretary Stephen T Early asked whether Mr Roosevelt had seen Canadian rime Minister Mackenzie King and White Fish bays He was accompanied by his chief of staff Admiral William D Leahy Rear Admiral Wilson Brown his naval aide Maj Gen Edward M Watson his secretary Rear Admiral Joss Jrlclntyre James Byrnes war mobilization director and Harry Hopkins Asked whether the president had done any fishing Early said he supposed there was some fish ing but that he had no details 4 Buildings Destroyed But Doughnuts for Picnic Are Saved SPOKANE Wasn ett J Parkers job was to set 12 dozen doughnuts for a lodge pic Since I am regarded by some as a black republican 1 am much cheered at the prospect of having such u white man as Plattenburg join our party Left to right are M A Arneson general chairman for Hie celebration Mr Plat tenburg Willis G G Bagley IMason City treasurer of state Mrs Hickenlooper mrl the governor Lock photo liayenay engraving Many State Officials at Governors Days Programs Marks First Large Gathering Smce State Legislature Adjourned SPORTS BULLETIN We are doing what we can I with whal we have Our re sources are still limited but the results of our modest but con tinuous successes in the cam paign have been cumulative to the point of being vital A measure of their potentiality can be obtained by imagining the picture to have been reversed with the enemy capturing Guad alcanal and besieging Port Moresby father than we in pos session of Munda and at the gates ofSalamaua Such a contrast would have meant defeat for us in the war for She Pacific General MacArthurs statement was coupled with a communique which told of a 63 ton bombins i attack on enemy positions on Ko lombatigara island above New George Sthcidel of Fort Uodft was elected rlef de garc of the Iowa Voiture Forty and Eight succeeding Kiley Nelson of Council Bluffs Other Forty and Eight officers lamed were Otto Schiebel Council Bluffs arl Bollmon Burlington and arl Hass Clear Lake chefs de rain Emil Johannsen Clinton ommisaire intendant the Rev fohn Rees Fort Madison aumoner Charles A Pagel Waterloo garde de la porte Andrew Cote Fort Dodge com joyageur Lou Clark Iowa City listorjan Rilcy Nelson chcinino ationale R C Patrick Mason City rhcminot nnlionnl alternate and Charles G Kretschmcr Du3UUUC reetected correspondent District cheminot Dr Tom McCabe Mt Pleasant Pete Koenig Dubuque Harry Robbins Waterloo Fred 8 Lojreman Manly D Smith Newton Art Walters DCS Moincs Ed Christensen Council Bluffs Fred Wahl Boone and James McMartin Sioux City An evening memorial program for departed comrades was held Sunday night at Greenwood park A replica rf the tomb of the un known soldier was he didnt see anybody to ny knowledge The white house statement nepared by the president himelf said The president has returned to Washisigton from a short vacaion in Canada on the north shore of Lake Huron near stopped to pick up me SIIIKcrs on his way to the park taut found the bake shop and three other buildings had burned to the ground We couldnt save a thing said tho proprietor but one man did run in and pick up 12 boxes 1 had put by the door they are your doughnuts Report Hitler Is Only By DeWITT Wide World Reports that a politicom leaders has deckled on a milita gate Hitler to the position of figure fore to be accepted with reserve are important enough in the mere possibility to be of worldwide interest The rapid decline of axis tortunes presages a military regime in the reich This column long ago pointed out that the Prussian war lords were most likely to take matters out of Hitters hands when the W finally was f That Figurehead MACKENZIE War Analyst ilitary conference oC German ry licAatovsViiii which will vclc lead while unconfirmed and thcre Prussian generils arc planning r lous war of defense Its saic that Field Marshal Herman Goering Hitlers second in com mnnd has been vested with grea powers and is to act as liaison be tween the generals and the fuel rcr who is to be allowed to carr on nominally with his nazi part so as to prevent the politica chaos which Mussolinis collaps has caused in ItalyWhile we must treat this un Weather Report FORECAST corner by the allies We shouldnt overlook that MASON CITY Cooler Monday i German gang afternoon Monday night ind sterism spring KVANSTON Ill TwoGeorgia in the central Solomons eastern girls Kay Byrne of Rye N Y and Catherine Fox of Glen Ridsc N Jblistered the Evans ton golf club course for two Many hils were scored with onc and twothousand pound bombs on the Vila airdrome and or nearby Kape harbor No enemy undcrpar 74s Monday to set a were encountered stern pace in qualifying for the championship flight of the WornThe general also sent Ad ens Western Amateur tournamiral William F Halsey Jr ment Both had on the oulchief of the south Pacific forces going nine and 38th coming home Other siib80 shooters were Mar jorie Lindsay of Decatur 111 Claire Doran of Cleveland Ohio and Dorothy Germain of Phil adelphia Pa all with 78s and George Tainter of Fargo N Dak and Ann Casey of Mason City Iowa with 79s Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy a message paying tribute to the officers and men of a fleet task force which sank a Japanese cruiser and two destroyers and possibly three in VtHa gulf northwest of Kotombangara Friday night The United Slates forces came through without loss W major activity was reported around Salarnaua the besieged enemy base on New Guinea Tuesday forenoon IOWA Cooler Monday night con tinued cool Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Cooler Monday j night Continued cool Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 87 Minimum Sunday night 64 At 8 a rn Monday 71 Rain 143 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 59 Precipitation 02 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 89 Minimum Saturday night 70 At B a m Sunday 72 YEAR AGO Maximum 82 Minimum 59 from era the geu i o n s old Priissianism MACKENZIE ol the greatest evils the world has known Thats the ism has drawn its noxirishment and from which many other criminal schemes against civili zation have sprung The Prussian military machine plotting for conquests of supported Hitler because it saw in him a powerful leadership It has fostered his ego and pushed him forward as a worldbeater So long as he kept his grip and was going places Prussian ism was willing to let him break trail but it always has been a foregone conclusion that the fuehrer would mean little to the militarists once he had ceased to be useful The reports have it that the rf O confirmed report gingerly it makes sense We are lighting Ibis war to exterminate Hitlcrism and other forms of gangsterism ami lhit certainly means Prus sian militarism if f Therefore we must expect thit most powerful of all militaris tic organizations lo make a last ditch stand for it know1 it Ret another chance as it I did after the last war uhen the j allies got softhearted and failed to exact punishment for war guilt So far as Gocring is concerned next to Hitler he has been the outstanding personality in Ger many He has at least did great popular following The rank and file of German peo ple have had a real liking for Hermann as they always called CLEAR With 73 stale officers and legislators registered many of whom brought their wives and families the annual governors days celebration in Clear Lake closed Sunday nigh after full two clay program packed with programs and enter tainment Governor IJfflirke B Hickcn loopcr in whose honor the af fair was held gave three talks in which he discussed mi tiers of state interest This years attendance of of ficials was the largest of any that have EO far been held 11 was the first large gathering of state sena tors and representatives since tho adjournment of the state legisla ture and many topics of state in terest including political came up for informal discussion amon the groups of officers Specula tion was voiced on the probabli strength of candidates who an expected to announce for office Among those present were Join W Gwynnc of Waterloo third district representative in congress lt Gov Robert Blue Ilouf Speaker Henry W Burma Stat Treasurer W G C Biiclcy Sec erelary of Slate Wayne M Rope Secretary of Agriculture Harry D Lynn Commerce Commissioners Carl Rccd and David B Lung Conservation Commissioners Frcct T Schwob J D Lowe and Fred Poyneer were also in attendance T G Garficld and W U Bliss state supreme court justices were present A large crowd particularly in view of rationing attended vari ous events of the celebration Two hundred attended Satur day niellis banquet at which ail officials were introduced Governor Hickctilooncr empha sized the many good things which Iowa can claim as its own putting stress on the lake country He commended Clear lake for improving the natural beaiiiy of this area tea for the women Saturday afternoon and oihrr events W I Much interest was concentrated i he program at lie lake front exhibitions were given by ob Anderson and lames Welan f Boone and Jack Hnskins of ilasou Cily Functional swim ning YANKEES LAND BEHIND STRONG NAZI POSITIONS Eisenhowers Armies Slash Huge Chunks From Axis Defenses ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN XOSVril AFRICA Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers armies lashed huge chunks from Ger nan defense lines across the Sicilian bridgehead in weekend issuults and the allied right wing was poised Monday within 42 air line miles of Messina IJelaclunculs of the U S sev enth army starting the attack from the sea behind the Ger mans strong positions on the north coast of Sieily captured San Frutello and San Agata the latter hut 50 miles from the axis escape port Another American force seized Ccsaro in an eightmile advance from the captured inland citadel of Troina The British eighth army swept through Acircalc a port only 42 miles by air and loss than 50 miles by road from Messina in a ninemile drive up Hie east coast from Culania and also captured San Maria DC Licodia high on Ihe southern slopes of Mount Etna where British armored charges knocked out nazi tanks A dispatch filed from the field by the Associated Press Correspondent Joseph Itlorton said the American amphibious up of third divi sion their landinc Saturday night at Torrenova three miles east of San Agata including such features as ship was domon Iratcd under the direction ol venncth Diunmcn director of fled Cross vTatcr safely ruid five boys The water bidlet consisting of 1 yirls drilled by Jliss Tommic Jcmlt f Clciir Lake won much avorable comment Fred Uolch f gave a swiimninj demon stration The Surf ballroom entry n siu uocit with three youn women Americanmanned w a r h awks am spitfires provided air cover as the troops cut the coastal high xvay and look positions in the hills pocketing the Germans to the wesl U S seventh army made an unopposed landing be hind the enemy lines and drove back enemy reinforcements mov ing west capturing 300 the communique said San Fralcllo and San Again were captured Sunday and our troops are now pushing forward to join the landing force Fif teen miles further south Cesaro from Cedar Rapids ner in the Venetian Nights parade Sunday niglit receiving a S30 war TRAIN STRIKES WRECKED PLANE 10 Survive Forced Landin of Bomber WEN DOVER Utah Mi army bomber ciiish Umdcd on the Western Pacific tracks near here Sunday atcr a freight trtiu was is it plowed into parts of the bomber Second LI Kiirhaid L Blue of Rantoul III was injured fatally in the bomber crash Ten other flyers were hurt some critically None of the trainmen who aided the flyers from their bat was captured Sun Kratcllo was also over run by the U S seventh army in llic north coastal push wip ing out German efforts to es tablish a defensive anchor at that point some five miles southwest of San Agata it was disclosed These gains in the coastal sec tors came as British and Ameri can forces closing a trap on fleeing German forces in the cen tral region at the strategic road junction of Randnzzo northwest of Mount Etna Capture of the port of Acireale pltccd the right wing of he Brit ish army 42 airline miles from Messina The Monday Italian communi que broadcast from Rome and re corded by the Associated Press wrecked j saf ult fierce fighting was raging without letup in Sicily UK that allied naxal and air forces again had bombed coastal 10 minuter routes of Sjcily and Calabria on the southern Italian mainland The Italian report said that txvu allied destroyers had been hit in Sicilian waters by German planes him I believe that no man can lake Hitlers place and that once his dictatorship collapses the whole structure of nazism will go lo pieces rapidly Gocring perhaps could do better than anyone else in trying to fill his masters shoes but Hermann is no messiah Sunday morning at the Metho dist church Governor Ilicken looper declared that religion and government go hand in hand each guarding the other to protect the destinies of a free people In an address ot the waterfront Sunday afternoon Govcrnor Hickenlooper pointed out that the people of the United States have two important tasks First to de feat the enemy and second to re habilitate the 10 to 12 million in service and defense workers who will return to their communities after the war This rehabilitation he continued is a community state and national responsibility Varied entertainment was provided including a series of yacht club rices a bridge and tered bomber was hurl Public relations officers at the i Wcndovcr air base said the bomber flying south attempted a crash landing near U S high way 1050 which parallels the rail line Twentysix freight cars piled i up in a huge mass of twisted j drzvo highway main escape wood and steel Two hundred feet j avcmie for enemy troops fall of rail was torn up and the lines traffic was slopped Hailnien at the scene said age might run as high is S200QOO Engineer Otto Kelly of Sail ike City said the train crew was unaware of the bomber Units of the British eighth army after capturing Bianca villa Adrano nnd Bronte in a northward advance through tHuas western foothills over the weekend were within ar tillery range of the TroinaRan before an American onslaught cast of Troina crash until after the freight left the track Boy Swallows Dry Ice to Keep Cool DES M O I N E S Smith 12 year oW ice cream bav vender was given emergency hospital treatment Sunday after he swallowed some dry ice lo keep cool Roberts mother saici his inoulh and throat burned foi some time afterwards but that hr was able to eat a big supper attr1 apparently was uninjured Should the British cut this high way only virtually impassable mountain trails would remain to the enemy American airmen who have bounded Rnndazzo almost with out letup said the road junction was virtually paralyzed with traffic moving away from the scene of battle German resistance to the Americans cast of Troina was de scribed as still strong but field dispatches said the U S troops were advancing American seventh nevertheless army forces driving cast along the north coast were reported meeting stilt opposition west ot San Fratello Gen Sir Bernard I Montgom erys troops made few contacts with the enemy anywhere along the British sectors Saturday and ;