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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPATMENT OF HISTORY AND U01NES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS NO Assoctttd Press and Uniud Press Full Leaied wires Five Cents a Copy MASOV CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 8 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two On 9VIET UNION Russia Reveals Wa r Decis ion n Tile Moscow radio announced Wednesday night that Russia was at war with Japan effective Aug 9 The announcement was broadcast at 10 p m Moscow time 2 p m central war 2 hours before midnight quoteda statement f romJSQyiet Eorejgn Commissar Vyacheslav The midnight deadline is 4 p m Central War Time Molotovs statement as broadcast by Moscow said On August 8 the peoples commissar for foreign affairs of the U S S R Molotov received the Japanese Ambassador Sir Sato and gave him on behalf of the soviet government the followins for trans mission to the Japanese government After the defeat and capitula tion of HitleriteGermany Japan became the only great power that still stood for the continuation of the war The demand of the 3 powers the United States Great Britain and China on July 26 on the un conditional surrender of the Jap anese armed forces was rejected by Japan and thus the proposal of the Japanese government to the soviet union on mediation in the war in the far east loses all basis Taking into consideration the refusal of Japan to capitulate the allies submitted the proposal to the soviet government to join the war against Japanese aggression and thus shorten the duration of the war reduce the number of victims and facilitate the speedy restoration of universal peace The soviet government con siders that this policy is the only means able to bring peace nearer free the people from further sac rifice and suffering and Rive the Japanese people the possjbiitr of avoiding the dangers and de sfruction suffered by Germany after her refusel to capitulate un conditionally In view of the above the sov iet government declares tomorrow that is from Aug 9 the soviet government will consider itself to be at war with Japan Bogeyman W a u k e s a n III Frank Brown who is serving as a spe cial policeman in nearby High wood during vacation of regular officers was nonplussed after getting a telephone call from a woman whose name he withheld My 3 year old child wont go to sleep the woman explained 0 Policeman Brown Id like for a policeman come out and frighten him to Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair and slightly warmer Wednesday increasing cloudi ness Wednesday night and Thursday Warmer Thursday and in west Wednesday night Minnesota Fair Wednesday night warmer west partly cloudy warmer Thursday with scat tered showers northwest in aft ernoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 72 Minimum Tuesday so At 8 a m Wednesday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum fil Truman Home to Plan Bomb Campaign BULLETIN Washington President Truman will report to the nation on the Potsdam conference over all radio networks at 9 p m Cen tral War Time Thursday in a 30 minute speech Presidential Sec retary Charles G Ross said Wednesday the speech which probably also will be shortwaved abroad ivill go into greater de tail than the communique issued by the Biff 3 at Jhe close of the meeting July 26 Associates of the president indicated that his report on the Potsdam conference proh ahly will mention the new and revolutionary bomh used for the first time against Tnpan Washington JP President Truman Wednesday took over from the white house personal direction of the atomic bomb cam paign he believes foreshadows early victory over Japan The commanderinchief voiced his victory hones to newsmen ac companying him home from the big 3 meeting in Berlin He termed the devastating weapon which wiped out 60 per cent of its first target a Japanese city the size of Memphis the most powerful weapon for war and peace ever devised Quoting scientists assertions that the discovery may be the greatest of any age for the bone fit of the people Mr Truman adned that the atomic field means a wonderful peacetime release of energy if its powers can be har nessed for commercial use Meanwhile every device known fo psychological warfare experts is being used to end the Pacific war without delay Radio broadcasts arc pounding home to the Japanese people hour after hour the terrors of atomic destruction which confront them and leaflets fellingthe same story have been prepared to be scattered over the islands The president himself will have opportunity in his radio report this week on the Potsdam confer ence to renew allied demands for the Japanese to give up now be fore they force the destruction of much of their country The immediate objective of the campaign appears to be to split the Japanese people from their warlord leaders and terrify them into revolution Military and na val authorities are hoping for but not planning on this Oct 1 34RutiionJap clashes Mon thurian border Oct 7VYar Ihreott spreadone Jop army reported wiped out l89B99 New serious outbreaks under way in North China Mcnchurio protest sion occupation o Yotu River tonfc MONGOLIA IB94Jops lake H thur from China 1895 Japs agree to evacuate Russian fleet ing ice free port 1898 Russia given leoie by China 1904 Japan fleet operison ft Arthur starts siege Feb 10 war declared May 1905 Russian fleet wiped out by japs in battle of Tsushima Strait Japan gets 99year lease on Dairen fide to Sakhalin liland Japan oetuptct it later cedes upper half to Rurtia In 1925 ftustians oil and troopi at Vladi vijfolt in com HUNCK1NQ CHAHSSH4 1895ChinaJapan War Treaty Tormojo lo Japan 1903Japs complain thai Russia has designs on Korea fol lowing failure of Russia to withdraw troops from Manchuria as pledged 1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth gives Japan hold on Korea 1940Japs threaten ac tion claiming that Russia1 it sinking Jap boats off Korean coast ion wr wed upon After th ChlnJap in 1395 pS The evacuated but the strategic nose of Korea jutting n was an obvious temptation 1 HOW RUSSIA CAN HELPIn a news dispatch Capt John Craige recalls that at the Pots dam conference Stalin was re portedly reminded of reasons why Russia should enter the war against Japan Pointingout that Japan would be faced by the same sort of 2front war that wrecked Germany Captain Craige suggests 2 things that Russia can dn to greatly shorten the war and lick Japan These are indicated above 1 launching a highpowered red army drive into vulnerable Manchuria and 2 permitting United States naval and air forces to operate in the Sea of Japan Church Goes to Woman Luxora Ark Mrs J W Potts 8T was unable to at tend church services because of her age and ill health the church came lo ner A special service was held on Jlrs Potts front porch with a sermon and the ringing of several of her favorite WHA now EXTRA Truman Makes Sudden Statement to Press JVashingtoiv AP President Truman announc ed Wednesday that Russia has declared war on Japan Mr Truman made the momentous announcement to a hurriedly summoned news conference He said he had only a simple statement to make but it was so important he could not delay it The president greeted reporters with a broad grin Then he became solemn as he said Russia has just declared war on Japan That is all In London the Moscow radio was heard to announce that the declaration is effective as or August 9 the soviet union at last had pitted its enormous might alongside Britain and the United States against the Pacific enemy had not been unexpected When it would come however had been a matter ot conjecture for months Official Washington at once took this develop ment along with the unleashing of atomic bombing against the Pacific enemy as a sure sign that Japan cannot long continue to resist sat behnd his desk for a minute un til the 30 or so correspondents all were qathered around him Then r on rne right by Admiral of the net ot staff and on the left bv a light gray tropical suit and a blue He explained that he had no intention of holding a news con ference but ths matter was so important he felt thgt L D rruman then made the simple one sentence announcement of declaration of war He added that was all he had to Plan Funeral Kansas City serv ices will be conducted here Thurs day for William B McElroy for mer general superintendent of Armour and company who died Tuesday He retired in 1342 after bcm with the rinipnv 45 years made r navf ancl state department Present when the announcement was Whether the arrangements for Russian entry into ;