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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 07, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HtSTOay ANO ARCHIVES DES UOINCS 1A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Presj Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITy IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 7 1945 SINGLE URANIUM ATOM Electrons Negative Center Of Atom Is Positive Charge Called Protons EXPLOSION OF URANIUM ATOM FORMS TWO NEW ATOMS Estimated Area of Total 200 Yards in DiameterFrom 11Ton Bomb Ground Ground Estimated Total Annihilation Area Of This Atomic BombAt Least Ten Times As Great AsFrom ItTon Bomb AP Wirephoto K A Engr Problems Face Truman Upon Arrival Home Washington IP President Truman hearing home Tuesday with a satchel full of international agreements will find the domestic pot boiling with problems First off Mr Truman must com plete his manuscript for the radio report to the nation he is ex pected to make within the next day or two on what happened when he sat down with General issimo Stalin Prime Minister At tlee and former Prime Minister Churchill The big 3 Potsdam communique left unanswered such questions as the use to which German prison ers are tobe put how European relief will be handled and wheth er newsmen actually are going to be permitted to report on what happens inside Poland and the Balkan countries Senator Vandenberg R Mich called on the big 3 Monday to guarantee news freedom privil eges in those areas as a check on the freedom of elections there Whether Mr Truman answers any of these queries he apparently is going to have to say something about the size of the army Some legislators lately have been bear ing down on the key that the army is keeping too many men in uni form Capitol hill friends of the presi dent expect him to stand squarely behind the high command if it maintains that it still must have 7000000 men in the army next June 1 Significantly Secretary of War Slimson said recently the maximum rate of discharging men now is being carried out Because most congressmen have gone home Mr Truman may not face any showdown with them until October But he may have to tell the army to release more transportation workers and coal miners Although now on vacation Sec retary of Interior Ickes is likely to be an early white house caller to discuss the coal problem De fense Transportation Director J Monroe Johnson who has been hollering about the lack of rail road workers also may have a few words for the president This Consists of Two SectionsSection On NO 253 Japs Admit Damage From Atomic Bomb Observers See New Allied Surrender Offer to Japan Washington terrible destructive power of the new atomic bomb led military observers Tuesday to forecast a fresh allied surren der ultimatum on Japan with likelihood it may be quickly accepted I dont see how the Japanese war lords can stand by and watch one competent By HOWARD W BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Editor The top drawing shows in its most rudimentary farm the uranium upon billions of which are used in the new atomic bomb This atom is made of 92 electrons circling around a center The electrons are held in their orbits by the attraction of the positive elec trical force oC the protons Each atom is so tiny that many millions would be required to equal the size of the sharpest pin point When the uranium atom explodes as illustrated at top rightit divides into 2 approximately equal parts each one a complete atom of a different chemical element about half uraniums weight Explosion one uranium atom gives off 200000000 electron volts of energy or power In an atomic bomb stronomical number of these toms explodes simultaneously Lower drawing shows an es imated comparison necessarily rough due to lack of full the complete demolition area of an 11ton Brit sh earthquake bomb and the new atomic bomb their people annihilated as certainly will happen military authority declared Inevitably Japan will be told she must sur render or face renewed attacks with this devastating bomb I dont see how the enemy can avoid surrender any longer The possibility that the bomb by hastening the collapse Japans resistance may thus save great numbers of lives both in the allied armies and among Japanese and civilians discussed by this observer He noted that moderate sized Hiroshima 318000 population was selected as the target for the first atomic bomb attack rather than densely populated Tokyo This choice he speculated may have been made to save as many enemy lives as possible whiie still The atomic bombs annihilation in which utter and complete destruction oE almost in Conceivable kind occurs easily ould be a mile in diameter com ared with an area some 200 yards n diameter from the earthquake 3omb the biggest thing previous y The estimated mile of xitmost annihilation would not be the imit of the atomic bombs de struction which spreads many miles farther in terms ruined Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued rather cool Tuesday night anc Wednesday loiva Generally fair Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler in extreme east Tues day Warmer Wednesday Minnesota Fair Tuesday nigh and Wednesday Cooler Tuesdaj night Slightly warmer Wednes day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 74 Minimum Monday 56 At 8 a m Tuesday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 04 Minimum 60 buildings as we and scattered death and injuries Annihilation area as here de fined means the most complete kind of elimination of existing buildings or humans in such an area The atomic bombs explosive force is described as 2000 times greater than that of the 11ton earthquake bomb but the cush ioning effect of air and earth would prevent the destruction from spreading anywhere near 2000 times as far By the rough est kind of estimate it would be at least 10 times as far in terms of annihilation area Naturally the atomic bombs ef fect would depend largely on how and where it the air near the earth or in the earth aft er it hit giving ample demonstration of the new missiles striking power Maybe we didnt want to risk hitting the Tokyo government buildings and destroy the very people who may make the deci sion to surrender he suggested But then again perhaps if these people were eliminated the rest of Japan might surrender This source considered it ex tremely likely the bomb was dropped by parachute as Japanese broadcasts have reported because of the danger of damage to the attacking plane For the same rea son the bomb may have been dropped from an extreme height The fact that there was a 32000000000 investment made in facilities already operating to pro duce the atomic bomb was con sidered by this observer as as suringa continuing supply of the devastating explosives even though he considered it possible few may actually already be available at strategic Pacific air bases for immediate use One point stressed by observers was the tremendous effect on air force logistics or supply Planes bearing the new atomic apparently much lighter than or dinary be able to carry many times their present fuel supply and therefore travel appreciably greater distances to targets SaysPetain Had Approved Secret Pacts Paris fP Adm Jean Fernet told the court trying Marshal Pe tain for his life Tuesday that the old soldier approved secret nego tiations with Great Britain in 1940 shortly after the FrenchGerman armistice He said the marshal approved the visit to England of Louis Kou gier and that he returned from conferences with former Prime Minister Churchill and former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden with a working agreement The witness said Britain agreed to take no aggressive action against French colonies if the Vichy government would not at tempt to regain control of terri tory held by Gen De Gaulles Free French Under the proposed plan Fernet said the British woulr have relaxed the blockade it Vichy agreed not to help Germanj in any way Rougier has written a book about the negotiations which of ficial British statements branded asa distorted account Another witness Jacques Chev alier who was minister of edu cation and health in the Petain cabinet said the accord between Vichy France and Britain was concluded with the unreservec satisfaction of Petain Germany Was Within 5 Months of Making Deadly Atom Bomb Twentyfirst Army Group Head quarters Germany UR Ger Mason Cityan 19 Is Killed in Action With U S Navy Marvin Mclaughlin Previously Reported Missing In Action many was within 5 months of completing her own atom bomb when the European war ended A British task force 4 months ago discovered that German sci entists almost had completed work on the bomb in a 2room labora tory in the heart of a small silk factory north of Hannover The bomb it was calculated would wipe out everything with in a radius of 6 miles ALLIES MEET STIFF FIGHT Calcutta troops op crating between Myitkyo and th old Sittang river channel in th flooded area of southeastern Bur ma are meeting with savage Japa nese resistance a southeast Asi communique said Tuesday Other allied troops have cleare enemy elements from astride th PeguMartaban railway A Japa nese attack on a viilape situate on the south bank of the Sittan channel 20 miles east of Pegu was repulsed NEW BOMB HITS JAP ARMY Truman disclosed that atomic bomb with more power than 20000 tons of TNT had been dropped on Hiroshima bomb burst symbol a Japanese army base American B29s also rained incendiary and explosive bombs on G Japanese war centers underlined and fighters used rockets and machine guns on targets in Tokyo area Air force headquarters said that photos showed Toyama raided Thursday was totally destroyed Mine symbols locate areas mined over weekend by B29s Tokyo Radio Squeals new atomic bomb shook both the military city of Hiroshima and the Japanese morale enemy propagandists indi cated Tuesday in a broadcast lifting some of the secrecy on the devas tating effect of the new diabolic weapon The bomb was dropped by parachute Monday morning exploding in the air and spreading extensive destruction across the city the governmentcontrolled Domei news agency said American impatience at the slow progress of the mucl invasion of Japans mainland was described as one of reasons for use of the bomb i vaunted the main Recovers After Fall From 25 Foot Bridge Austin Minn Heine 9 Austin Tuesday was recovering from injuries suffered when he fell 25 feet from a bridge to the Milwaukee railroad das yards Mon A freight car which he struck broke his fall and prevented fur ther serious injury Swiss Reveal Former King Carol in Lisbon London Swiss radin said Tuesday that former King Carol of Romania had arrived in Lisbon aboard a Spanish steamer A dispatch from Rio De Janeiro said former King Carol and Elena iLuaescu wouldsail about July 14 I for Lisbon r Marvin J MeLaughlin seaman son of Mr and Mrs Ralph MeLaughlin 70G Washington S W lost his life as a result of enemy action in the Pacific on May 3 his parents were notified by the war department He had first been reported missing on that date The message stated that a care ful review of all facts available re lating to his disappearance led to the conclusion that there was no hope of survival It was asked that the name of his ship and station were not to be divulged I was very fond of your son as were ail of us who knew him Lt T L navigator on Mc Laughlins ship had written Mar vins parents He was far above average in intelligence and indus try and had he lived would have been rated Quartermaster on the first of June He performed his duties aboard ship to the entire satisfaction of both the command ing officer and myself We have felt his loss keenly both personal ly and as concerns the efficiency of the ship Seaman MeLaughlin was as signed to his ship and left the states last December He enlisted in the navy in April 1944 and took his boot training at Farragut Idaho and later was graduated from quartermaster school in Gulf port Miss He was graduated from Rock well high school and attended A I B at Des Moines for 6 months He was a member of St Josephs church hero He passed his 19th birthday last May 26 Besides his parents he is sur vived by 2 brothers Jylerle sea man in the navy and Martin at home also 3 sisters Margaret Americas Ace of Aces Victim of Jet Plane Burbank Cal Richard Ira Bong the farm boy who be came Americas aerial ace of aces by downing 40 Japanese planes while emerging unscathed from over 500 combat hours Tuesday lay dead the victim a jet P30 Shooting Star explosion which oc curred 4 minutes after a takeoff The explosion which scattered parts of the plane over an acre occurred Monday afternoon just after the 24 year od pilot left Lock heed air terminal on a test flight Major Bong apparently tried to jump clear of the disintegrating ship but flames caught him His body was found 100 feet from the flaming jet turbine His parachute had partly opened The wiry pugnosed fighter pilot who had been testing P80s for the army technical service command since July 9 knew he was in trouble as soon as the took off He radioed the control tower Suddenly a puff of black smoke belched from the worlds fastest plane as Bong levelled off in flight A Lockheed service me chanic Frank Eodcnhamer re ported The richt wing tipped the pilots escape hatch came off and the plane nosed over straight down A column of smoke went into the air for about 400 feet Other witnesses said the plane exploded with a terrific roar which shook the vicinity Most of the plane and Bongs body landed in a vacant lot This was the end then for the Poplar Wis boy who had earned 26 decorations including the con gressional medal of honor and the British distinguished flying cross the latter presented to him by King George of England In addition to his 40 kills he had 3 probables in 2 years of combat in the south Pacific mostly over New Guinea Bong joined the air forces ii MARVIN j MCLAUGHLIN Ann Mary Ellen and Marlys all at home Press Freedom Cut by Egypts Premier Cairo Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrachi told the Egyptian senate Monday night that due to the very dangerous situation in Egypt he could not give the press complete liberty and com plete freedom in what they say and criticize However he said that he had always tried to lift censorship re strictions Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy MAJOR BONG KILLED IN age of a jetpropelled P80 plane which crashed near Burbank Cal Monday killing Maj Kichard I Bong Americas ace fighter pilot in the south Pacific area before he was re turned to the United States and reassigned to test flying duty Witnesses said the plane exploded with a terrific roar and disintegrated AP wirephoto K A engrl May 1941 after attending Su perior Wis State Teachers col lege where he met his future wife Marjorie Ann Vattendahl He and Marge were married last February ID in Superior They loneymouned in Hollywood where they settled down after Bong uas assigned to the air technical com mand Grounded temporarily while touring air gunnery schools Bong told newsmen with a grin I guess they dont want me killed off His wife Monday night said he thought the P80 was a great ship At dinner with friends Sun day night mention was made of a jet plane that had disintegrated The curlyhaired major shrugged and said I never worry about those things NIP WAR LORDS AREWONDERING WHAT HIT CITY Japanese Talk of Several Bombs But Only One Was Dropped Guam censorship was clamped on details of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima by the U S strategic air forces Tuesday but from the stunned enemy finally cune admission that the terrific new weapon had done great dam A Japanese imperial commun ique broadcast by radio Tokyo hinted the Nipponese war lords were suurryinjr about trying to determine what hit the Hirosliiraa army base While meager U S disclosures said one bomb had hit with sucii devastating force that the city was hidden in a towering cloud of dust the Japanese talked of new bombs Their use of the plural indicated the blast was so shatter ing they could not believe only one bomb had struck The Nipponese communique said a number of B29s made the at tack with considerable destruc tion The admission was typical of the Japanese habit of underesti mating damage because U S sources indicated the great cloud of dust that rose from Hiroshima might have contained vaporized buildings Several hours before the ene my communique was issued the Osaka radio had given some sug gestion of the extent of the dam age when it made a matteroffact announcement that various trains in Hiroshima prefecture had been cancelled Tile imperial headquarters com munique was amplified later by a Domei news afcncy dispatch quoting Tokyo informed quar ters as saying that the bomb was parachuted and exploded before reachingthe ground The dispatch warned the Japa nese people that its destructive power cannot be slighted It re peated the communiques state ment that more than one bomb had been used declaring a few had been dropped Domei followed usual Japanese procedure in admitting only that houses rather than military estab lishments were damaged It termed the bomb taclics inhuman and said impatience at slow pro gress of invasion plans drove the enemy to its use Marianasbased B29s Tuesday kept up the continual pounding of the enemy empire with a noonday 125plane strike at the biff Toyo kawa naval arsenal 37 miles southeast of Nagoya castle Re turning airmen said they bombed visually in good weather and re sults were excellent Their missiles were high ex plosives the 20th air force presumably not atomic bombs MAJOR BONG Mustangs escorted the Superforts but found no air opposition The 20th air force communique Tuesday also reported a broad sweep across the Tokyo area Mon day by 2 Iwobased Mustangs which smashed at 9 enemy air fields rail yards and shipping and destroyed or damaged 25 grounded aircraft The TokyoYokohama district was bombed and strafed about an hour Tuesday morning by 40 Iwo based American Mustangs and it is reported that several British planes of unspecified category participated Japans Domei agen cy reported If confirmed that would be the first attack on the Japanese home land by landbased British air craft British carrier planes at tacked Japan many times last month as part of Admiral Halseys 3rd fleet More than 400 far east air forces fighters and bombers converted the Kyushu port of Tarumi into a vast swirl of flame Sunday with a 2hotir hammering with fire bombs rockets and bullets Gen eral MacArthur reported Tuesday Pilots said the great fires were visible 30 miles Eyewitness reports of the his toric blow struck at Hiroshima by the single small atomic bomb were withheld pending their re lease by the war department in Washington Witnesses of n test blnst in New Mexico July 16 however related that a steel tow er was vaporized by the incred ible of which was felt for 250 miles Secretary War Stimson in Washington gave a hint of what he atomicbombing airman over Hiroshima had seen The city he said was quickly engulfed in an impenetrable cloud of dust and smoke ;