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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 7, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OP HISTORY AND ARCHIVES I KI 0 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHfORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRtSS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 7 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 259 PRISONERS IN SICILY TOTAL 125000 RedArmies 20 Miles Northwest of Kharkov THREATEN ATTACK ON BIG iCITY NAZI BASE Russians Indicate No Letup to Be Shown in Pushing Germans Back MOSCOW Russian army groups which outflanked Kharkov from the north in swift drive through Belgorod were threatening the rear of German positions around thai third largest city in the soviet j union Saturday front line dis i patches said Descending the valley by way of the I3by river the Russians raced through Zolochev a Htlle more than 20 miles northwest of Kharkov ill a flank attack simi lar to the action farther north which drove the Germans from Orel and opened the way for a simultaneous push toward Bry ansk Both Kharkov and Bryansk 275 miles to the northwest wer threatened by the broad advance Russian troops battering thci way westward beyond Belgoro Report Germans Evacuate Civilians in Smolensk Area V MOSCOW yP Information received from Russian guerri las behind the German lines Saturday nails were civilian evacuation of the Smolensk re eion Smolensk 220 miles west of Moscow and probably the most Important German base in all Russia would be endangered by complete deflation of the Orel salient to the southeast as tlie Russians already hold positions less than 50 miles to the northeast between Yartsevo and Vyazma The information from the partisans said the Germans were movin Hie population to the west and also taking away all metal and other potential war materials even the tin roofs of houses have already advanced 37 miles tc cut the KharkovBryansk railroat at Zolochev the Russians re ported The German radio said in a broadcast recorded in London that another Russian column wa poised at Chuguyev 24 mile southeast of Kharkov which gave rise to the belief that the Russian high command was preparing an other pincers operation similar t Ililr Blaci Sta sslslssiusssUi JUNGLE LOOKOUT A marine officer scans the sur rounding area from atop a lookout tower on Guadalcanal island Admiral Halsey Forecasts Assault on Japan Itself Rush Repairs on Munda for Operations Against Jap Base at Rabaul 3 DAY PARLEY HELD IN ROME BY RIBBENTROP Reported Studying Italian Request for Troop Withdrawals LONDON UR German For eign Minister Joachim von Rib byntrop is conferring in Rome with Italian Foreign Minister Raffaclc Guurigilu on an Italian request for the withdrawal of German troops from Italy s step toward taking haly out of the war an Italian trotnior dis patch said Saturday Simultaneously Swiss sources heard that Count Galeazzo Ciuno soninlaw of the ousted Dictator Benito Mussolini Carlo Scorza general secretary of the fascist party and 21 uther prominent fascists have been arrested as war profiteers Reports reached Madrid by way of France that King Victor Eman uele has turned a writtci request from Adolf Hitler to per mit Mussolini last reported undei arrest in a Rome villa to taki refuge in Germany The rcques was said to have been delivered by German Ambassador Han Georg von Mackensen Another report reaching Mad rid said Victor Kmanuele had con voked the crown council lat Thursday to discuss Italys deli cate situation and the possibilit of obtaining better peace terms from the alliesby prolonging re sistance Additional council meet ings were believed to have been scheduled for Friday night and Saturday Allies Urge Patience by Greeks Serbs LONDON I Greeks and Jugoslavs were asked to be patient a little longer and coun seled not to allow the enemy to sow confusion in their ranks in a special message from the al lied high command broadcast by BBC throughout Saturday The socalled fortress of Eu1 rope is threatened from within and without since the collapse ol the Mussolini regime and the exposure of Europes underside in the Balkan peninsula the mes sage said It added that In Greece and Jugoslavia the naii invader finds himself beset with potential dangers the danger from defection of Italian divisions danger from growing organization in resistance of the people danger from allied attacks all along his perimeter of defense But the Germans will not relax their grip easily the broadcast warned and would not hesitate to use weapons of the most odious barbarism the most devlish deceit in a panic endeavor to destroy and disorganize the active resist YANKSCAPTURE TROINA VITAL MOUNTAIN FORT Heavy Casualties Are Inflicted on Nazis in Savage Fighting By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA first division troops have stormed and captured the vital mountain fortress town ot Troina in central Sicily and allied forces advanced on other sectors to sweep up a total ot 125000 axis prisoners headquarters announced Satur day Tiic German line Is now dis jointed by seizure of Troiua guarding tlie escape hatch west oC Ml Etna il was announced U S units inflicted heavy casual ties on German eUte troops de fending the town in some ot the most savajjc lighting of tlie entire campaign Dispatches said Italian soldiers A1RCRAFT BLOCK than a block of an aluminum strip on the runout table for the huge continuous mill is being processed at the Chicago works ot the Aluminum Company of America Sheets tan be rolled move than 50 times faster than was possible before the war Tlie sheets are used for skins on American fight ing aircraft ance of the Greeks and Jugoslavs hoisted the while flag and sur rendered at Biancavilla 15 miles northwest of fallen Catania after an intensive aerial bombardment The town is only two miles south of the key road junction at Adrano German Crisis Indicated as Nazis Tell of Conferences he one which pinched off Orel at he north end of the Kursk sa iept A red army war communique vhich indicated there was to be no letup in the initiative seized rom the German army on July 11 summarized the month of fighting viih figures showing the Ger mans illstarred attempt to erase he Kursk salient had cost them 120000 dead and the destruction of 4605 tanks 11000 trucks 2492 planes and 1G23 guns In addition the Russians said they ook 12418 prisoners and cap tured 621 tanks 875 guns and 2521 machineguns and 325 sup ply and munitions depots The momentum of the ad vance which brought the red army into Belgorod on Thurs day has carried them well be yond the city in the new offen sive operations centering around the stronglydefended Kharkov area the communique said The Russians said they al ready had captured 150 vil cs alone a 44mile front in cluding the railroad town of Zolochev and seven district centers STALIN SPU KS TROOPS WEST Seizure of Orel and Belgorod solid arrows by the Russians prompted Premier Jos eph Stalin to spar his troops on westward wilh Ihe cry Death to the German Invaders Ger man troops fell back toward Bryansk and Kiev open ar their entire defense line threatened Shaded area is axis held To the north the Russians said hey routed picked German orces to advance on Bryansk vhich lies about 80 miles to the vest and slightly north of Orel roops which formed the north rn spearhead of the Orel pincers ere coordinated with troops rom the west and central fronts n the assault in that area The movement toward Bryansk iained up to six miles in Fridays ighting giving the Russians 70 vllages including the town of Cromi 26 miles northwest oE Orel the war bulletin said The advances on Kharkov and Bryansk were being heavily sup ported by the red army airforcc operating on s roundtheclock schedule to bomb and strafe Gcr rnan concentrations and supply dumps the communique added Thirtysix nnzi planes were shot down in combat during Ihc day the Russians said By THE ASSOCIATED FKESS Admiral William T Halsey Jr forecasting an assault upon Japan itself declared Saturday that American forces would push for ward until the battle of the south pacific becomes the battle of Japan Marking the first anniversary of the initial American offen sive to drive the enemy back from the south seas Admiral Hal sey told correspondents We view what lies ahead with the satisfaction that comes from having thus far soundly beaten a powerful enemy in every phase of air and sea warfare As he spoke dispatches Irom south Pacific headquarters said U S army engineers and navy Seabees were rushing repairs to the battered airdrome of newly captured Munda in the central Solomons for use in coming operations against the great Japanese base at Rabaul New Britain 420 miles to the north With the fall of Munda the next immediate task for Ameri an forces was said to be the apture of Vila airfield on Kolom iangara island 9 miles north of klunda Military Rites to BeHeldatMilford for Lieutenant Place MILFORD Iowa Leon A Place killed in an army plant crash near Mason City will bi buried with full military rites in the Okoboji cemetery at Arnold Park Sunday After funeral serv ices the American Legion posts o Mil ford and Arnolds Park conduct the military rites Ribbentrop was understood to have arrived in Rome quietly Friday on invitation of the Kal ian government for three days of conferences HE was accom panied by 3 staff of German foreign office experts In addition to a request for the peaceful withdrawal of German troops from Italy Guariglia was said to have asked Ribbcntvop at lie initial conference Friday to permit Italian occupation troops to return from France Jugoslavia and Greece and Italian workers employed in German war indus tries to go back to their homes What Ribbentrops reply was or what counterproposals he may have advanced were not known Italian frontier reports said but in formed Swiss sources believed Germany might be willing to per mit some sort of guarantee thai the allies would not be permitted to use the peninsula for assaults on southern Marshal Pictro Badoglio new Italian chief of government was said to desire an understanding with Germany before making any clearcut proposal to the allies Ribbentrop was reported to have flown from Berlin to Verona in northern Italy scene the 13th and last meeting between Hitler Indirect Reports Say Berlin Panicky Over Air Raid Possibility LONDON German in ernational information bureau a propaganda agency said in a Broadcast Saturday that it was understood in Berlin lhat a num ber of important discussions of a nilitary and political nature have taken place in tlic fuehrers head quarters the last few days The broadcast also made by DNB official news agency said German newspapers had pub lished photographs of such top nazis as Reichsmarshal Hermann Gocring Foreign Minister Joa chim von Ribbentrop Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler Pro paganda Chief Paul Joseph Goebbels and Marline Hermann chief of the nazi party chan cellery at the scene of the dis cussions the city Many arrests have been made among refugees from bomb battered Hamburg Routers said to prevent their spreading stories of fantastic casualties in lhal north port cily Berliners fears that their cily will be singled out for devastation when autumn nights make longer allied raids possible were reported heightened also Swedish dis patches said when the RAF showered leaflets over the capital warning that Berlin would serve as a sequel to the fate of Hamburg hich has become the worlds ost battered city AWAIT GOVERNOR AT CLEAR LAKE Two Day Celebration Includes Events The arrival of Gov B B Ilick enloopcr was being awaited Satur day afternoon to complete the ob servance of the first of the gover nors day celebration over the weekend The governor will speak at oclock dinner Saturday evening at the Methodist church at which he will niake his first public ap pearance at the celebration The Clear Lake Yacht club opened the first of its special threerace regatta from the city The days program will include municipal band concert at 0 oclock lake front entertainment at 9 and the Venetian Nights pa rade at 10 oclock in the evening At II oclock Sundaj1 morning the governor will speak at the Methodist church This event will be broadcast over KGLO The lake front program will be given at oclock Sutiday afternoon and again at 9 oclock in the evening Meanwhile U Sfighter planes lutnumbered nearly two to one oundly thrashed a formation of 10 Japanese zeros in a battle off outhern Bougainville island in he northern Solomons shooting down seven enemy planes against a loss of one Allied bombers escorted by ighters blasted the enemy float plane base at Rekata bay on Santa Isabel island northeast of Munda dropping 65 tons of ex plosives An axis broadcast said 127 U S bombeis raided the islands in daylight Friday and Mussolini and then entrained for Rome His plane could not land in Rome it was said because the two airfields Ciampino and LH torio still were pitted with bomb craters resulting from the Ameri can air road last month No ceremony marked his arriv al in Rome in marked contrast to his previous visits He was taken by automobie to the Villa Maclama on the slopes of Monte Mario where he will reside during his stay and then went to the Chigi palace for the conferences Stops Career on Piano for Active War Chore JAMESTOWN N Y year and a half ago Mrs Gertrud Strodoff was the busiest pianist in town playing on radio in con certs recitals and church pro rams But since January 1942 she hasnt even lifted the lid on her piano because she Makes wrenches for the armed forces at the Crescent Tool Co serves as a morale builder in the Red Cross Motor Corps has contributed her J2th pint of blood to the blood bank service is supplementary driver for ground observers of the war department and is a member of the Womans Recruiting Committee of the War Manpower Commission PLANES ATTACK WEST GERMANY Large Force Seen Flying Across Channel LONDON large force of planes apparently heavy bomb ers thundered southward across the English Channel early Satur day and the nazi high command said some bombs were dropped over western Germany without causing damage Specific targets were not im mediately disclosed Britain had its sixth raid free night in a row Not a single air raid casualty has been reportec now in 23 days Also present it was said were Field Marshal Wilhelm Keilcl chief of the high command Ad miral Karl Foenitz commamlei chief of the navy Air force Field Marshal Erhaul Milch chief in spector of air forces Col Gen Hans Jesschonnek chief of the general staff of the air forces Gen Kurt Zeiulcr chief of the jencral staff of army infantry ami artillery Gen AHvcjcl Jottl It was announced thut the Jap anese Ambassador Hiroshi Oshimn had been received by Adolf Hitler at his headquarters in the pres ence of Ribbcntrop and Kcitel on July 29 Although he was last listed as a lieutenant general the broadcas said the latest news reels showed Oshima wearing the uniform of a full general This curiously circumstantia account of the imminence of majo decisions involving Hitler an rcsumably Ihc whole course o he was issued to the worl on a day that saw speculation o ihc possibility of a military ecu in Germany Included in this succulalio were rumors that Hitler might b driven out both as head of the reich government and as supreme military commander perhaps to be replaced by some military vet eran This indieation from German sources of a rising crisis came as reports filtered to London telling of fears In Berlin ap proaching a state of panic over the possibility of massed air raids on the German capital serious strikes and German peace demonstrations Reuters the British news serv ice quoted arrivals in Zurich from Berlin as saying thai the capitals authorities were at their wits end to control a mass stampede from Propaganda Minister Vaul Jo seph Goebbels has admitted a partial evacuation of Berlin but ie said the list was restricted to nonessential residents Reuters also quoted reports eard in Istanbul that the Ger ans were preparing to proclaim Berlin an open city and remove ie minsteries and other services o Dresden Leipzig Munich and Taguc The Zurich die said hat strikers demanding peace had lilcd new troubles upon Ger unnys already overtaxed war mluxlrics lhal workers in some actorics in Austria had refused to vork and their action had been ollowcd in Stuttgart and Berlin actories Promises of increased rations and Ihc presence of nazi elite guard members in the ador es failed to deter them the news paper said The collapse of Benito Mussolini his fascist regime has struck erman morilc with the weight of political Stalingrad whose final effects on the axis may be much more important than has yet been indicated said Die Welt woe he In sharp contrast to the wave of jitters enveloping Berlin was the carefree attitude of London ers who today arc singing their way along with a new rage tune Im going to get lit lip when the lights go up in London The government promised modifica tions in the blackout as condi tions may warrant Both Goebbels and Rcichinar shal Herman Gocring were re ported in Hamburg Saturday Be fore he left Berlin Goebbels mad a final attempt to allay the feai of the Berliners with assurance lhat Berlin ntiaircraft defense have been strengthened and tha the reich high command is prepar ing a massive counter air blow against Britain His statements ap peared unexpectedly in a signe article in the Voelkischer Boe bachter Swedish corresponden in the German capital said Goeb bcls gave no indications when th counter air offensive would I launched but promised that Gc man military experts would utiliz n new secret weapon oh whi they arc now working Income of Rock Island Railroad Shows Gain CHICAGO The Chicago Rock Island and Pacific railroad Saturday reported June 1943 net income of as compared to in Jxvne 1942 The month net income ending June 31 1943 was as compared to in the same period a year ago akes Dog With Him 3 Serve Jail Sentence FRANKLIN Ind lotui Bess year old Indian polls painter sentenced to jail ere for two weeks on a charge of ntoxication tskcd Sheriff Russell V Cochrane please let me lake ny dog with me Brownie now s helping his master even the core with society Buy War Savings Bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette airier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered thuii ciershowcrs Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon Not much change in temperature IOWA Continued warm Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon widely scat tered llumdershowcrs south and cast portions Saturday night MINNESOTA Slightly c o o 1 e i south and central portions Sat urday night little change i temperature Sunday forenoon Scattered thundershowcrs ex treme southeast portion Satur day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 81 Minimum Friday night K6 At 8 a m Saturday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 53 American naval forces occu pied the island of Ustica 40 miles north of Palermo and allied bombers shattered Mes sina in their heaviest attack devastating this last Sicilian es eane port British warships again pounded the cast coastal road of withdrawal near Taor mina The fall of Troina threatened to prevent junction of the German 15th armored division and Her mann Goering division in their retreat toward Messina Field reports Tuesday had said Troina was taken but the Ameri cans lind been nbJe only o win toeholds near the town in the face of stern German opposition The Sicilian front now is only 45 miles wide The British eighth army ad vanced on all sectors threatening the communications town ot Adrano 14 miles southeast of Troina on the main road skirting Mt Etna The Germans demol ished nine bridges and a 12mile stretch of road as they fell back before the British The first division of Mai Gen Terry Allen Friday smashed the formidable detenscs of Troina on the central sector 20 miles inland from the north coast The Germans apparently using Troitia as a shield to cover withdrawal of their forces from the south and central sectors around Etna staged one of their bitterest defenses there Allens troops had to storm up sheer rocky hill and mountain sides against savage fire from all types of nazi weapons Its fall opened Ihc way for an attack on the flank ot the Ger man troops believed to be pulling out 10 establish a new defense line to the northeast ot Mt Etna Allied airplanes paced by heavy bombers slruck Messina Friday wilh the heaviest most concen trated assault yet attempted dur ing the Sicilian campaign Approximately 350 tons of bombs were povircd on the small strip of territory around Messina The huge concentration of enemy anliaircraft guns about the port as rivalling the de fenses of the Kuhr area ot Ger considerably less fire Friday returning airmen said and no enemy planes were sighted Other allied planes ranged over he narrowing Messina bridgehead pounding road com munications and supply centers around Mt Etna and strafing evacuation beaches on the coast The inhabitants of Troina ex pressed great indignation against the Germans No Italian troops were reported fighting anywhere on the Sicilian front The powerful sledgehammer drives by the Americans and Brit ish again cracked the dwindling bridgehead still held by the enemy and with the allied air force pounding enemy roads and beaches by day and by night the Germans were in precarious position Large concentrations ot Ameri can artillery of all sizes crashing a moving barrage over the enemys Troina stronghold for three in succession finally knocked out the German defenders With many detachments of the depleted German 29th motorized division staying at their machine gun and mortar nesU to thelast 1 ;