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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 7, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES OES MOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 7 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 257 BACK PLAN FOR 500 CARGO PLANES Allied Delegates Reported Assembling in Moscow 1ft i REDS DECLARE NAZIS SLOWED IN 2 SECTORS Germans Assert 3 Strategic Towns in Caucasus Captured By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitlers bloodforoil drive into the Caucasus was slowed in two key sectors Friday liussian accounts said as the red armies beat oft repeated mass tank assaults and mopped up fresh swarms of nazi parachutists and planetransported troops behind the soviet lines An entirely different version came from German field head quarters which declared that Gen Fedor von Bocks armies had captured three strategic foivns and advanced to a depth of 160 miles on the road to the Caucasus oil treasures A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters asserted that nazi troops swarming across the Kuban river had advanced to within 30 miles of the Maikop fields The Maikop wells are important but far less vital than the huge Baku lie Ids which lie across the tower ing Caucasus mountains hundreds of miles to the southeast The nazi communique also as serted that axis columns were ap proaching Krasnodar 150 miles southwest ol Rostov on the rail line to the Arrival of soviet reinforcements in the critical struggle below the Don river was acknowledged by the German command which said the Russians were counterattack ing north of thSal ently in the Kotelnikovski sector 95 miles south of Stalingrad The high command emphasized the role of nazi divebombers in helping German troops in their heavy defense against soviet re lief attacks in the Rzhev sector northwest of Moscow and con ceded that the reel armies were striking back in the big bend of the Don river before Stalingrad The Germans reported the cap lure of Armavir on the Baku ral line 160 miles soutK of Rostov Ycisk on he Sea of Azov 70 miles southwest of Rostov and Timasbevskaya 130 miles south west of Rostov Capture of Armavir would place the Germans within 65 miles of the Maikop oil fields produce 7 per cent of Russias oil and would repre sent a 50mile advance from Kropotkin the southernmost point claimed by the Germans previously in their drive down Ihc RostovBaku railway V By contrast with the nazi claims a midday bulletin from reel army headquarters gave this picture of the 350mile battle front Kotclnikovski sector flit milfs south of Ger mans are sending large numbers of tanks in attempts o smash our defenses Our troops have re pulsed these attacks Kushchevka sector 50 miles south of German launched repeated attacks against our positions but were repulsed with heavy losses Kletskaya sector 80 miles northwest of troops launched a number of counterattacks and pressed the enemy back dcsroying nine German tanks and killing about 800 enemyofficers and men The lone setback conceded by Ihc Russians was in the Belaya Glina sector 100 miles southeast of Rostov where red army troops withdrew at several points Thurs day Soviet dispatches still insisted that the main battles were raging far north of the sectors reported by the German high command and declared the invaders were paying a bloody toll in their latest exploitation of airborne troops Nine of 10 big Junkers trans ports which landed in one are were reported set afire or wrecked and the sky troops acounted for to the last man Frontline dis patches said new shbwerj of para chute troops were being exter minated or rounded up almost as fast as they landed London Hears of Parley to Save Russia By E C DANIEL LONDON Representatives of major united nations were re ported assembling in Moscow Fri day for a save Russia and win the war conference the urgency of which was accented by the in creasingly desperate plight ol the southern soviet armies This information came from sources whose identity could not be disclosed The British themselves maintained dead si lence on the movements of their own leaders except for their ambassador to Russia Sir Archibald Clark Kerr who has gone from Kuibyshev to Moscow along with the United Stales ambassador Admiral William H Slandley Dispatches from Moscow said conferences were proceeding Fri day between Admiral Slandley Maj Gen Follett Bradley of the U S air force and soviet offi cials A Moscow communique an nounced that Bradley who ar rived in Moscow by bomber three days ago came for a discussion with the appropriate soviet au thorities of practical questions connected with the supply of arms and war materials to the U S S R from the United States The Moscow dispatches indi cated that Bradley had not yet seen Premier Stalin for whom he brought a letter from President Roosevelt As reports streamed in from both axis and allied sources indicating that the cast was be ing assembled for grand strat egy talks of the utmost impor tance in the soviet capital Lord Beaverbrooks Evening Stand ard coupled these hold face ban ner lines Allied diplomats reported gath ering in Russia speed up oil field Germans drive In the same edition Cartoonist David Low pictured the hope and belief of many Britons with a car toon showing Premier Josef Stalin President Roosevelt Prime Min ister Churchill and Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek seated side bj side in a truck with four steering wheels The Iruck was labeled Corre lation of strategy and the caption said Supposing ail try to go somewhere together Report Pigeons in Holland Ordered Killed STO CK HO LM UPJ German authorities have ordered the killing of all pigeons in Holland it reported Friday After ncx Thursday it was said any pigeoi found alive will make its owne subject lo severe penalties If tin owner can not be found the mayo of the community will be held re Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from carrier boy your GlobcOatcltc Weather Report FORECAST JIASON CITY Not much chang in temperature Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday fore noon thundershowcr north portion Friday afternoo through Saturday forenoon an northwest portion Friday aftei noon No decided change temperature MINNESOTA Not much chang in temperature Friday aftei noon through Saturday fore noon Scattered showers north east portion Friday aflernoo and early Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Thursday 83 Minimum Thursday night 39 At 8 a m Friday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 64 Moss Output of Monster Cargo Planes to Answer Sub Menace This photo of the navys 70 ton flying battleship Mars shows the behemoth of the air cuttingthe water in a takeoff This biggestfly ing boat in the wovld is the product of five years of research Its wingspread is 200 feel War Production Chief Donald M Nelson said Fri day the WPB approved a proposal lo build 500 of this type of craft Henry J Kaiser west coast shipbuilder first suggested the program Strong RAF Attack Made on Duisburg LONDON strong force if RAF bombers Thursday night attacked the big German indus rial center of Duisburg target of epeated raids in July and other points in the Ruhr valley the air ministry announced Friday Nazi airdromes in the low ountries also were attacked by British raiders six of which ailed to return from their night missions a communique said The size of the strong force was not disclosed officially but a British source said that in the days before the British hurled more than 1000 bomb ers against Germany in a sin gle night Thursday nights total would have been consid ered a whopper The German high command acknowledged material damage to buildings by both highexplosive and incendiary bombs and said there were some casualties in RAF raids on residential ctuar crs in several towns It claimed seven British bombers were shot down The German communique said German planes bombed military targets in southwest England Thursday and harbor and arma ment works in cast England and on the cast coast of Scotland Thursday night NAZIS USE NEW PHOSPHORUS FIRE BOMB German raiders also were busy over Britain again during the night dropping high explosive and incendiaries including a newtype phosphorus fire at scattered points in east Anglia and on the east coast of Scotland The raids were not on a heavy scale however and although there were some casualties first reports indicated the number was not large Britons had been prepared for the new phosphorus bombs by a bulletin from he ministry of home security which gave explicit instructions for dealing with these incendiaries As a result fires which were started were extinguished with a mini mum of damage Greenland Salvage Company Jokingly Formed by U S Flyers WASHINGTON busi ness directory wouldnt contain the name of the Greenland Sal vage company but 15 army fly ers will testily that it is a going concern The company was jokingly incorporated by its two stock Col Bernt Balch cn lamed transAtlantic and Arc ic flyer and Lieut Aram Y Farunak of Warrington Fla kipper of a navy patrol flying they had rescued 13 nen from a damaged flying for rcss and two crewmen from an army patrol plane The rescue missions were per formed in Greenland India Appeals to U S Reds and China to Liberty Plea F R Is Still Studying Case of 8 Nazis WAS HINGTON dent Roosevelt told a press conference Friday be had not yet finished his review of testimony in Ihe case ol eight alleged nazi saboteurs nnci added lhat he did not knov whether tie would finish Friday The president made no amplifi cation of that brief statement Shortly before the press con ference the while house sai that the president has not ye concluded his reading of the testi mony in the saboteur case This statement was read to re porters by William D Hassett an assistant secretary in response to inquiries about reports that Mr Roosevelt had decreed death fo1 six and clemency for two naz agents tried by a military tribuna on charges that they came to thi country to sabotage vital war ac tivities Daringly Marks Wife By MARIE BLIZARD New Seriol Starting in Thi Issue of the GlobeGazette Turn to Comic Page Clear Lake Puts on Holiday Attire CLEAR Lake put on its holiday face Friday morn ing as the carnival came to town and workmen raised the bleachers that will line the lake front and erected the governors reviewing stand Worldfamous race drivers who will be at the helm of their boats Sunday in the speedboat regatta were given the keys to the city as they streamed steadily into the Rogers hotel Friday Their mechanics followed bringing on speciallybuilt trail ers the recordholding boats from all points north cast and south The Clear Lake Commercial club completed a final checkup of entries in the three day celebra tion which will reach its clima Sunday In the many sided pro gram of the water carnival an Governors Days program are th big motorboat race parade beauty Venetian night parad civil air patrol flight carniva water stunts and officials rccep lion Urges Support for Demands of Immediate Freedom From Britain BULLETIN NEW DELHI India Flic British government of In dia issued an order Friday against closing of any shop dealing in necessities thereby Mohandas K Gand hi and his followers lo a test of his call for national pas sive resistance BOMBAY working ommiltcc of the allIndia con gress parly voted Friday to ap ical to President Roosevelt Gen ralissimo Chiang KaiShek and van Russian ambassador o Britain to support its demands hat Great Britain grant India mmediate Indsoendence Mauiana Abdul Kazan Azad president of the congress was authorized to dispatch Ihc ap peals as soon as the congress committee passes upon a reso lution calling for a mass cam paign nf passive resistance to continued British rule 1 Indorsement of the resolution backed by Mohandas K Gandhi xas regarded as a foregone con clusion Azacl opened the meeting with speech calling for immediate Indian independence but saying Ihe committee did not want Brit sh or American armies lo leave India Gandhi who followed him and received an ovation told the com mittee he did not want the Japa nese in India because that would mean the end of China and per haps Russia Gandhi himself sent a message lo the Chinese Friday to let China know that this struggle is as much for her defense as it is for Indias liberation He de clared that Indias ability to give effective assistance is depend ent on her freedom Meanwhile having hcaid that Azad had said congress leaders nation has been one of the nu merous problems involved in Britains efforts to solve the In dian question The allIndia congress party on the other hand has objected to proposals for Mohammedan independence As the militant congress committeemcn assembled under a ciuivas tent to throw in motion what may be Ihcir grimmest bid for independence it appeared un ikcly thai action on the resolu ion would come before Satur day as extensive spccchinaking and presentation of amendments are anticipated They had the scrawny little leaders own word again Thurs day night on the eve of the con ference that the time for non violent action is now and that time would show what strength the congress would marshal from his masses of disciples There was not Hie slightest hint from Gandhis headquar ters of any wavering His lalcst stajrmcnt seemed merely In rn ilcttlc lhat 1rilain must yield as she lias proposed wail to crant independence aflcr the sec the congress party act f Neither was there any douo that the committc would adopt tiv resolution sent to it from tin partys smaller working commit tee calling for a vast movement under Gandhis generalship un less independence were granted Only Gandhi can interfere and unless some unforeseen hitch arises over this weekend to change his mind abruptly the stamp of approval was taken as a certainty All that Bombay was asking was When would mass disobedi ence begin How widespread would it be1 What forms would it take Boycott Highway stop pages Tiie shunning of dealings with foreigners Even a general strike And Gandhi gave the word sim ply that a general strike wis not outside my contemplation His statement was issued Tuirs clay night in the form of writt novcmcnt for Hie removal of Bril rulc from India in order as Ihe put it that India may jut her soul into the united Eons fight The lirst question noting doubts n the United States over his atli ude toward Japan asked Gandhi vhcther he would give assurances hat even if there was a time vhcn you thought of dealing with Japan you would not consider it low He replied I can sivc no such assurance because if I deal with Japan and if I am allowed do so by the contemplated free India I should do so in Ihc interest purely of the allied cause It may be the effort ami op timism of a visionary but it ciii do no harm lo the war effort It will discredit Japan if a friendly gesture on the behalf of groaning humanity is repelled Inde pendence has first to come and then I must have permission of a free India government which will as a new ally seek approval of the united nations for my humani tarian mission The second question was wheth er any assurance of postwar freedom would be acceptable and Gandhi answered Wailing is harmful The attainment of independence after the war would lose its charm India would not foel that it had made any rcnl effort to win inde pendence and it must be humili ating for a big nation like India not to be able to help insure victory for the allied cause Answering question No 3 whether he could divulge some of the nonviolent steps to be taken he asked impatient Americans to wait and sec WPB APPROVES 70 TON FLYING BOATPROPOSAL Shipbuilder Kaiser Will Construct 100 Craft in First Step WASHINGTON Pro duction Chief Donald M Nelson saic Friday that the WPB has ap proved the proposal of Henry J Kaiser west eoast shipbuilder to build 500 70ton cargo carrying Hying boats Nelson said Kaiser first Mill build 100 of the huge planes more will follow if Kaisers building plan proves successful The planes will be patterned afler the flyiiurboat Mars built for the navy by llic Glenn L Martin company Kelson did not disclose where the planes will be constructed The WPB chairman made it clear lhat the program was con tingent on our being able to do it without interfering with the pres ent combat plane program Asketl if this could be done Nel son replied I have hopes At least we can try The plan to build huge carpo planes to defeat the axis submarine menace was pushed slronffly by Kaiser who has shipyards in Oregon and California where he said he could build 5000 cargo planes Kaiser will come back and lell us what materials and facilities he needs and where he is going to do it and when he is going lo gel started Nelson said First indication Kaiser had won his fight for permission to build the huge planes came Thursday when Nelson conferred with Pres ident Roosevelt and then said plans would be worked out in a short time A WPB spokesman later said Nelson was anxious to get Mr Kaiser inio business Kaisers original planebuilding program outlined before con gressional committees called for conversion of several shipyards besides his own Oregon yard for building the planes He said liie airfrcighlcrs could be built with out obstructing he Liberty ship program possibly using facilities now idle because of the steel shortage An associate of Nelson asking to remain anonymous said a let ter of intent would be issued the Oregon and California shipbuild er next week signed cither by the navy or by Nelson for the navy Kaiserwhen informed lhat Nelson had made public WPBs approval said lie had not ycl been informed himself Before he began a mass move ment he said he would write to tile British viceroy pleading for avoiding conflict and that a basis for negotiations might be found in a favorable response were even willing lo let the answer to questions from Ameri Icm League take over the running I can correspondents of India if the British would get out Mohammed AM Jinnah presi dent of the Moslem League de clared that the Moslems would be glad lo do so but that the con gress leaders dont mean a word of what they say Jinnah as a spokesman fur the secondlargest of Indias complex religious and political groups said the congress leaders mean to play on the credullity of the Mos lems and attempt to divide them They simply are trying to put the English into a corner Insistence of the Moslem League that Mohammedans he safeguarded against Hindu domi He said bluntly that once India were freed lie would with the ap proval of the united nations be prepared to go as an emissary of peace to project which he granted might be the effort and optimism of a visionary His replies reflected his own as surance that the congress would approve his long contemplated Dog Days End Saturday Night You have until the Mason City stores close Saturday night to look for the pups1 advertised for sale There are a lot of them that have not found a what will become of them after Saturday night is hard to say Soiled merchan dise remnants odds and ends summer goods broken run of pups may be shot or chloroformed if not given a home Hhe said lie anticipated no difficulties in selling materials for Hie 500 flyhiff Iioats because it uns such a small number of planes lie said he viewed Ihc action as the beginning of a jrcul cur so plane pros rn in He told questioners that the pinnc cousinicliott would not m fcrc with construe tion of emergency merchant ships Kaisor said he planned lo con fer Glenn L Martin design and builder of the first Mars flying boat to work out cnyineer n i pla ns be f o re he 1 cl st n t n where the planes could be built and when construction could bc fiin An In formed W PB official ti e clining to be quoted by name said Kniscr needed to construct only one building before com mencing operations and he Kaiser has excellent ideas about building it mainly from scrap and other comparatively plentiful materials1 Aroff Says It Was Understood He Would Pay for Martin Car SAX FRANCISCO Cornell Maurice N Aroff on trial before a general court martini faced cross examination by the proccution Friday on his denial of charges ranging from scandalous conduct to falsehood Aroff testified in his de fense Thursday denying lhat he accepted Actor Tony Martins au tomobile as a gift lor aiding Mar tins enlistment or that he was guilty of wrongdoing in recom mending commissions for men liv ing outside the 12th naval district He said Martin offered him the use of the automobile but said it was understood the car would br paid for The defense attempted unsuccessfully to have the prose cution produce Aroffs personal file from the office of naval offi cer procurement ;