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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 7, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MjftlON g HIST UCU 4 8EPT Of DCS UOlNES f COUP HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 71940 MASON CITY THI IKIGHT k SPOT A THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE J OTS OF TWO SECTIONS ri ONE J 2Ol TALIANS TAKE 3 FRONTIER TOWNS Call Draft Witnesses COMMITTEE TO HEARPERSHING KNOX JOHNSON Senate Committee However Recommends Compulsory Training WASHINGTON Suddenly ieveismg themselves members of the house military committee de cided Wednesday to call live more witnesses headed by Secretary Knox to testify on the Burke Wadsworth compulsory military training bill Although Chairman May D Ky announced that hearings had been closed last Friday and the committee voted 11 to 10 in a stormy session Tuesday not to hear further testimony the members decided at what was described as a love feast Wednesday morn ing to reverse themselves and proceed with brief public hear ings In addition to Knox Gen John J Pershins Harry Wood rinj former secretary of war Louis Johnson former assistant secretary of Avar and Hugh Johnson newspaper columnist will be heard next week prob ably Tuesday Commenting on Tuesdays ses sion when Representative Faddis D Pa asserted that some oppo sition to the legislation came from iifth columnists Maytold news papermen We have our sharp moments but we can always walk out with our arms around each other Another member smilingly re marked that all is harmony in the committee and that those two great Faddis and Colonel made up kissed and He referred to Representative Short R Mo who replied to Faddis Tuesday that the patrio tism the republican opponents the legislation was just as goad as that of Faddis Prompt enactment of com pulsory military trainine legis lation was recommended to the senate by its military committee Wednesday with the statement that reasonable prudence de mands an immediate and sub stantial increase in our armed forces would be criminal the committee reported to give the natron a false sense of security by the mere possession of defensive armaments and a corresponding lack of trained men Scheduled for consideration Thursday the legislation which the committee previously had ap proved by a 13 to 3 vote would re quire registration male citizens between 21 and 30 years of age inclusive From this group up wards of 1000000 men would be selected within the next 12 months for a year of military training They would thereafter take their place in the reserves Presented along with the com mittee report on the legislation was a minority report previously made public asserting that regi mentation of American life as pro vided for by the bill in peacetime tlve Sweet B is abhorrent to the ideals of patri Wednesday th otic Americans and is utterly re pugnant to American democracy and American traditions The minority group included Senators Johnson DColo Thomas R Idaho and Lundeen FLMinn The committee recommenda tion of the bill however carried the assertion that there was an immediate necessity to provide an orderly predictable efficient and fair method for raining the manpower to use the arms and equipment voted in the ex panded defense program purpose of this measure the majority said is the protec tion of the United States Toin sure the independence and the freedom of the people of the ed States it provides that immedifrom LOOK INSIDE FOR ROBERT P PATTERSON States Permanent Arms Plants Major Goal PAGE 2 Anderson Named All Star Coach SPORTS PAGE New Inhalator Is Sought for Britt STATE PAGE ate measures shall be taken1 to mo bilize a large portion of the na tions military strength Reasonable prudence demands an immediate and substantial in crease in our armed forces The size of this increase requires that haphazard and unpredictable methods should not bo used A movement to form a home guard composed primarily of world war veterans gathered headway in congress as the sen ate approached a vote on the bill permitting the president to order the national guard into active training Chairman Sheppard D Tex asked the senate military com miftee to beffin work Friday on legislation authorizing forma tion of state militia units to re place euardsmen called into fed eral service The measure he told reporters probably will follow generally plans outlined Tuesday by Presi dent Roosevelt at Hyde Park Mr Roosevelt said the organi zations probably would be built around a nucleus of trained men furnished by the American Le gion and the Veterans of Foreign wars Whether the federal govern ment would be called on to fur nish equipment and to aid in training the groups is a question yet to he settled Sheppard said Persons Interested in Defense Industries to Gather on Aug 30 of indust ashington City as scheduled The meeting growing out of an earlier session of representatives of nine states il ULU 11UI III Ui kota South Dakota Minnesota Iowa Nebraska Kansas Missouri Arkansas and Oklahoma HULL WARNING IS ATTACKED BY FASCIST EDITOR Gayda Declares Axis Has No Intention of War in New World ROME Virginio Gayda authoritative fascist editor re plied Wednesday to the warning of United States Secretary of State Hull against the danger of ag gression by declaring that Ger many and Italy have no intention of carrying the war into the west ern hemisphere Gayda who frequently ex presses the views of the Italian government wrote in II Gior Jiale Dltalia that Hull was cre ating a phantom of German Italian menace for political purposes It is evident that Hull would like to alarm the American na tions with a feeling that a transfer of the war to the American con tinent by the victorious axis pow ers is more or less imminent Gayda wrote It is well now to point out once more that this insinuation is abso lutely unfounded arbitrary and let it be said with respect for the eminent American statesman tendentiousrather than provoca Hulls statement Tuesday asked the American people to be ready and willing for real sacrifice of time and of substance and for hard personal service and to arm to such an extent that the forces of conquest and ruin will not dare to malce an attack on us or any part of this Italy and Germany entered the war to solve European prob lems and never thought and will never think of threatening other continents Gayda assert ed V V The fascist editor declared Sec retary Hull was attempting to create an atmosphere favorable to that of the objectives of American politics One of these objectives he con tinued was North American im perialism directed toward a mon opolizing political financial and over other economic control American countries under the specious pretext of nonexistent threats from across the ocean Other objectives said Gayda were that oC a banking affair which speculates on artificial panic and war business to multi ply its profits BRITISH SEEK TANKS IN U S Millions of Dollars to Be Spent for Guns and Other Supplies WASHINGTON Bri tish government started negotia tions here Wednesday for hun VT jinaiku ttuuuu iu miles dreds of millions dollars1 of south of Port Arthur Wednesday anks artillery and other war d afternoon The wind reached a supplies in addition to all 6 Persons Injured as Strong Winds Hit Port ArthurTex PORT ARTHUR Tex persons were injured and at least 2a were marooned as the center of a howling tropical hurricane appar ently passed inland about 10 miles Another Bombing of Gibraltar Reported of Gibraltar Tuesday night was re u e n poned Wednesday in a dispatch gram is for new weapons A CnnTn 4 U li i from Algeciras Spain to nale Dltalia The dispatch said He declined to estimate to what figure the new program might ex J LUXEMBOURG tP than a month after the end T if if jf if Britain Marshals War Machines oq Desert Front Britain prepares for the Italian invasion of desert frontiers In I above in Afnca with Ihe use of mecrqniyed units The above tanks are shown invasion slratesic threats of 25 MISSING AS Italians Aim at Smashing LINERSINKS Reports That English Refugee Children Were Victims Is Denied CONDON 9337 ton British passenger liner Accra has Trial Fixing Responsibilities to Open Thursday in Riom been torpedoed and sunk off the esdny in a campaign aimed at HIOM France gov west coast of Ireland with 25 per iilng British power in the ernment completed final arrange sons missing it was announrprl Mediterranean where a British ments Wednesday for the trial nf was in a convoy Wednesday The steamer and sank yithin half an hour after being andot wasvbelievea the attacking wag sunk by escorting warship Some of those missing were lost When a motor lifeboat overturned in a choppy sea but other ships rescued 450 persons vho were landed at a northwest British port The Elder operators of nnd Dempster lines the Accra which is in EnglishAfrica reports current in well known trade denied New Vorlc that English refugee children were aboard New York sources said the Accra sank in two minutes preventing rescue of most of her passengers and crew They said only 30 per sons were saved One source said an eyewitness told him the vessel was loaded with children He said the British government was reluctant to dis cuss the children because of a de sire to prevent alarm among Brit ish parents with children on board ships on the high seas Owners the ship denied chil dren were aboard MorgcnthJiu told reporters that nis government was now seeking the purchase of many types ot supplies not previously purchased in this country He emphasized tanks and field artillery The British previously bought some old artillery that the United DrTir T uiu niiuiKiy mat me united HOME Another bombing States army had left over from Gibraltar Tuesda the the World war but the new pro Ihe pand total British purchases in this country but previous pur chases mostly airplanes mounted to well over Gibraltar The British agent wen on to for material to be delivered a con siderable time in the future ITALIANS BOMB British Mediterranean Power UAICA APAIW English Wai Fleet Is AUAIN Reported on Patrol Duty on Egypts Coast ROME armed forces struck through the air and across the deserts of Africa Wed in vnc liiim Jwit British ments Wednesday for the trial of war fleet was reported to have three former premiers and their E P3tro1 duty the coast aides blamed for Frances defeat oE Egypt Italian military operations were expectedby fascist sourees to He velop rapidly into a general offen sive against the Britishin Africa on at least three LibyaEgyptian border Kenyo colony and British Somnliland Italy has invaded In addi tion aerial attacks were renewed against the big British base at Alexandria guarding the Sue canal and the oil terminal of Haifa Palestine while the press reported now bombing attacks on Gibraltar The Rome radio suggested that airplanes flying over Gibraltar might be Spanish craft At Madrid the Falangist newspaper Arriba declared that Spain is a moral belligerent and attacked the Spanish government for suppres sing opposition to Great Britain There were indications in fascist circles that the Italian drive from Libya into Egypt already had started following official state ments Tuesday that a British ad vance force had been defeated on Egyptian soil Wednesdays com munique however merely said that British ports air fields and bases at Sollum Marsa Matruh and Alexandria had been bombed in operations which normally would precede an offensive The points at which the Italian forces marched into British Soma liland were not mentioned But it was understood that they crossed both from Ethiopia which borders it on howest and southwest and Italian Somaliland which borders it on the southeast and cast British SomalUand had a coast on the Gulf of Aden but it is French Italian by Germany Thesupreme court created by the authoritarian government ol Marshal Henri Philippe Pefain meets Thursday in the gothic Pal ais de Justicein this sleepy and sweltering county seat which dates from the 12th century The court xvill fixe war re sponsibilities and possible pun ishment former Premiers Ed ouard Daladicr Paul Rcyhaud and Leon Blum Former Allied Gen eralissimo Maxime Wcygand For mer Minister o Interior Georges Mandel and other war leaders The trial probably lasting three months will be private otherwise inclosed by Somaliland Ethiopia and Somaliland Drastic Control of All Foreign Schools Is Planned by Japan TOKIp control of all foreign schools is planned by the new government as part of its national renovation program it was reported Wednesday As the newspaper Hochi put it the control would be intended to frustrate the educational coloniza tion which Great Britain and the United States have been attempt ing for many years About 100 schools sponsored or managed by foreigners would be affected and it was reported that to trans it they wanted to operate continue to SAYS AMERICAS AID ESSENTIAL Greenwood Declares Britain Must Embark on Wider Program LONDON A government spokesman told Britain Wednes day that to win the war she must now embark on a much more ex tensive program which must be related to the American national defense preparations Arthur Greenwood 1 a b o r i t e minister without portfolio speak ing in the house of commons on Britains wartime economic prob lems said The need to supplement our own production by drawing upon the vastand invulnerable capacity of North America has immensely increased since he fall of France The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Wednes day nieht and Thursday scat tered lieht showers west Thurs day warmer west and central Wednesday nifiit warmmer east Thursday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy scattered light showers Wednes day niRht extreme northwest and Thursday except extreme south east warmer Wednesday nijrlit warmer extreme southeast cool er northwest Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At S a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 80 54 66 78 of fighting the once populous com munities of northern Franco still arc ghost towns in a batlle scaiTCd almost deserted country side In the backwash of blitzkrieg arc eft unharvested crops A handful of scattered farm families dill UtllK to salvage what they can City pavements plowed by stuka bombs The strong smell of ashes from the ruins of shelled towns Such were the scenes t saw with foreign correspondents taken by German guides on a tour of northern France and Flanders We entered Franco from Karls i in North Are Now Ghost Towns where the French frontier ht u V frontier bulges farthest cast The signs wat became noticeable every where as we passed the two rows of concrete bunkers facing each other across the Rhine Strasbourg Alsatian capital which once had 200000 population was not severely housed barely 20000 persons It was evident that families aic streaming back to the city now remcorporatcd into the reich but elsewhere the repopulation of Alsace and Lorraine is at a snails pace The Belgian population seemed 10 be returning more rapidly and Busscls ims become n hive of ac tivitv That is probably due in part to the presence of numerous ofliceis and soldiers at the large hotels buying freely living well With German marks the nazi troopers buy heavily ot Belgian goods at n favorable rate of ex change fixed by the occupation authorities In northern France however we ucnt mile after mile without seeing a man woman or child Occasionally we passed a soldier on guard The sharpest contrast was at Givet little town on a tongue of France reaching sharply into Bel gium Of BOOOO normal population barely 300 have returned Yd immediately across the frontier Also Report Airplane Attacks on Navy Bases at Aden and Berbera ROME planes were reported Wednesday by the high command to have bombed the port of Haifa in Palestine for the third time in a widespread air at tack on British positions in thi near east and Red sea zone Naval bases at Aden and Ber bera on the Gulf of Aden als were ieported subjected to a effective bombardment Gasoline storage tanks were se afire and port facilities damage in the attack on Haifa a commu iiKUie said the Italian raider were reported to have relumed safely JERUSALEM war planes raided Haifa Wednesdaj for the third time Damage anc casualties were believed slight In previous raids on this port the biggest in Britishmandated Palestine ami important as an oi shipping terminus the Italians have killed scores and set fire to oil tanks Church Picnic Ends in Tragedy Boy Drowns OTTUMWA church pic nic ended in tragedy at Lake Ar rowhead near here Tuesday when Harold Galpin 12 drowned while swimming with a group of boys Divers found the boys body caught under water on a post for merly used to hold a diving board He had been nttcnding the ninmn outing of St Pauls Luthcrai church ENGLISH THINK FASCISTS PLAN PUSH FOR SUEZ Official Cairo Circles Deny Egyptian Border Crossed by Italians CAIRO British com umiquc Wednesday announced he Italians had entered Zeila 3uf of Aden port in British So maliland and captured Hargeisa oy strong force after a 30 mile narch through the desert Oadweina a third objective o he Italians who started their of ensive also was occupied Tues ay by a column estimated at 2 00 men equipped with guns and rirmored vehicles the British an 10 u need All was reported quiet in the western desert where Italians were reported mobilizing fur a push toward Suez Zeila and Hargeisa were taken Monday The communique slated that at iargeisa our delaying force fell ack after inflicting severe casual ies including three tanks Our casualties were slight During the morning ot Aug fi Oadweina was occupied by the enemy with a force estimated at 2000 with guns and armored fighting vehicles f A small motorized force of the Somaliland camel corps har assed the enemy themselves suffering no loss In Palestine enemy aircraft again raided Haifa during the morning ot Aug 6 A number ot bombs were dropped nearly all ot which fell harmlessly in the sea or on waste ground No bombs fell in the town military casualties were nil and civilian casualties under 10 as the defenses came quickly into action and opened heavy fire un the raiders In the western desert some enemy movements were reported otherwise all was quiet In the Sudan and Kenya noth ing to report Large Scale Drive Expected by English LONDON concentration of at least two Italian divisions was reported on lie Libyan fron tier near the Mediterranean coast Wednesday and British military circles declared it looks as though fhe Italians arc ready to advance into Egypt in a large scale cam paign for realization of one oC Mussolinis ot Official circles at Cairo de nied liouever that the Italians already had crossed the fron tier V The only Italian officers pres ently on Egyptian soil are one HEAWCIttatStNOtfATE SCf KKOFCONRICT BE TWEEH BRITISH AND ITAllAMLAtWCiHDAIR FORCES Utlfs This Centra Trrss map shows the various theaters of British and Italian colonial troops continue in raifiert war U the African front Italian force ;