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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMf DEPARTMENT OF A N 0 A C H I V t OE3 J A VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT Atsodited Press Prcs FuU MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS One Man 9s Opinion A Eadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mison City Saattj S p m WOJ Ames p m WSIU ctt WednisiUy p i WTAD Qulncy III Friday p I KSCJ Sloas Clly p I Appraising Swedens Role in the War WITH THE war in Europe wel ended it is possible now fo Americans and for the people o the whole world to pass judg ment on Swedens part more fair ly and dispassionately than ha been the case in the heat o battle For example the view ex pressed by Johan Nygaardsvold prime minister of Norway in at address before the parliament in Oslo on June 16 isquite differ ent from the opinion held by mos people ot that country and bj the people of other nations in cluding our own these past 5 yearsHere are his words Now that Norway is free again we can look more calmly on the happenings which spread dissat isfaction and distrust in Norway We realize now that the most im portant thing for Sweden then was to prevent the terrors anc horrors of war also spreading to Sweden We are sufficiently honest now Jo acknowledge that Swedens neutrality was a blessing for Nor ivay and the Norwegian people The clouds of misunderstanding which gathered over the horizon In the north during those years of war have partly disappeared I wish to express hope thai the Nordic collaboration which was progressing so well in many spheres before the war may be resumed collaboration for the benefit and happiness of the 5 northern countries And by 5 northern countries Mr Nygaardsvold was referring to Norway Sweden Denmark Holland and Finland VJO SUCH isnt the view held by most Norwegians during the war It isnt the view held by this speaker The view I held and the view most Norwegians haveheld is that Sweden was going much further in her deal ings with Germany than was re quired She was regarded as hav ing found a business opportunity in the war Perhaps as the veil is lifted on the problems facing Sweden on the exact manner in which she met those problems there will be more of a disposition to be tol erant even sympathetic with the course of neutrality pursued by the Swedes At least thats a live Possibility ONE OF the things coming to light as the mists of war are swept away is that an overwhelm ing majority of Swedens people not only wished and prayed for allied victory over Germany but that thousands risked their lives and gave of their substance to that end In this connection I have in mind the revelation by Erik Hus feldt Danish representative at the security conference and one of Denmarks most active under ground leaders that Sweden with the approval of the allies secret ly armed the Danish underground army in defiance of possible Ger man aggression The Dane gave an account of how Swedish ships met Danish fishing boats In the dark hoars before dawn off the Swedish coast with cases of automatic pistols and ammunition materials that had been manufactured by the Swedes under an agreement with the United States and Great Bri tain ACTUAL negotiations were con ducted by Husfeldt himself He spent 2 weeks in Stockholm in the summer of 1944 working out the details of the dangerous mission for getting the arms and ammunition back to nazioccu pied Denmark Our fishing ships he ex plained put out from one Dan isn port and would swing in close to the Swedish coast We had prearranged signals We would let the Swedish ships know where we would be at such and such a time They would meet us and transfer the cases of pistols and ammunition The cases were marked with such lettering as butter1 and bacon We would unload the cases right under the eyes of man armed guards and inspec tors They never did know that e were bringing in resistance supplies Once they were on the docks they were carted off Into the country where they were hidden until such time as we needed them INCIDENT Ive just related here probably was in the mind of Hedtoft Hansen Danish labor leader when in an address a few weeks ago he said If Sweden had entered the war the invaluable aid she has given Norway and Denmark would have been impossible This aid saved the lives of many good Corrtlnned an 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 6 1945 New Deadly of Force From Which Sun Draws Its Power NO 158 By HOWARD W BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Editor New York Tru man s statement that the atomic bomb is made of the force from which the sun draws its power ex plains the principle of this new explosive The suns power is the suns neat For years scientists have known that this heat could not come from ordinary fires like any Sen Johnson Dies After Long Illness Washington Hi ram W Johnson of California militant opponent of the league nations and the San Francisco charter for a united nations or ganization died Monday at 79 years The veteran republican senator succumbed at Naval hospital where he had been confined for weeks His physician Capt Robert E Duncan USN said died from a thrombosis of a cere bral artery His political activities extended over a third of a century covering some of the most stirring events in the nations history A striking figure in the senate since first elected to congress in 1916 he played a leading part in defeating President Wilsons league of nations covenant and later in opposing United States adherence to the world court His wife whom he referred to as the boss was with him at the time of his death Senator McKellar president of the senate Monday will appoint a committee to attend the funeral of the silverhaired veteran One of his last great senate fights was against passage of the teen age draft bill He told his colleagues with tears in his eyes that he opposed callingchildren to fight our battles He had been expected to take a lead in opposition to the recently approved world charter but ill ness prevented Another senate battle in which he lined up in opposition to Sen Connally and others was on the United StatesMexican water treaty It finally was enacted but not until Johnson had called upon all the arts of a long career to de feat it known on the earths face The sun just wasnt big enough to have lasted the billions of years during which there is plenty of evidence it has been burning at the present rate In ordinary fire molecules of wood coal or whatever else is blazing separate As they come apart the energy which held them together is released in the form of heat light and other rays like Xrays Even a hot fire gives off a bit of Xrays The sun burns not by separa tion of molecules but by 2 much more intensely hot methods One is the atoms that form molecules separating from each other This kind ot separation releases in credibly greater amounts of heat and energy than molecule separa tions But an even greater source of sun power is the fact that the atoms themselves come apart to some extent These atoms are made of electrons protons and other electrical and nonelectrical particles Electrons and other part icles fly off the atoms This kind of separation releases even greater energies including heat and all other sorts of rays than the sep aration of atoms from each other Not all these Interatomic forces are yet even known Some are so powerful that they have only been guessed at The popular phrase smashing the atom describes this sort of atomic disintegration where the atom itseU flies apart For many years scientists have been able to disintegrate atoms in laboratories There were no ex plosions because billions ot atoms would have to go off at one time even to equal a firecracker The reason is that atoms are so ex ceedingly tiny It has been clear to scientists for nearly a half century that it they could get enough atoms in a piece of solid matter or even gas the size of a pea to break up all at once the explosion would be terrible President Trumans announce ment gives no clue to the method of producing the atomic bomb AIR FORGE HITS JAPS WITH ATOMIC BOMB Idea of Bomb the power the ship blew P in a in Hali fax S harbor laOO persons were killed 4000 injured O 000 made homeless square miles of the city devastated SENATOR JOHNSON lowans on Island Okinawa Neff of Iowa was among early arrivals of Red Cross hospital workers on this island the first AHC girls to land on a Pacific sland while the fighting was raging Jjc t Survey Train Wreck Caused by Big Rain le Roy Minn railroad officials Monday sur veyed damages caused when part of a Minneapolisbound passenger train from Chicago left the rails near here Sunday resulting in the death of the engineer John An derson 64 Austin Anderson was killed when the engine and baggage and express car were derailed because of a washout Harvey Beckel also of Austin the fireman in the engine escaped death when he leaped to safety He said the train was going about 50 miles an hour at the time of the accident Bert Bernatz Minneapolis a baggageman and Mrs Harriet Lundberg Beloit also were injured but were released from an Austin hospital Sunday night Several other passengers were given first aid at the scene of the derailment Heavy rainfall early Sunday morning caused the washout Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Gen Andart Claims Weygand Ordered War Equipment Hid Also Testifies That Laval Did not Appear to Be Interested Paris fP Gen Pico Andart estified at the treason trial of Marshal Petain Monday that French troops were ordered by len Maxime Weygand at the time of the armistice to hide all military equipments They con cealed 18000000000 francs of war materiel from the Germans and an equal amount of food and raw materials by the end of 1942 he asserted Andart said underground fac ories at the order of Petain tarted building machine gun car s early 1941 Produced 270 of them in one year The gen eral said Petain congratulated him for his part In the activity ind ordered htm to continue his rork Pierre Laval knew of this but inter witncss said Andart aid the French hid and produced nough equipment for 24 divisions xcept for heavy artillery and anks Gen Waygand a previous vitness was French commander t the time of the armistice Pierre Merillon French delegate o the united nations conference at San Francisco sent a cable to the trial from Santa Barbara Cal describing Petain ss a man who served France with perfect patriotism and loyalty and with all his power and energy The description was in z tele gram from Pierre Merillon for mer member of the French em bassy in Madrid where Petain served It was read as the third week oi the trial opened just before Gen Henri Lacaiile testified that Winston Churchill told a Vichy representative to Great Britain We have been momentarily separated Let us try not to dam age each other any further The representative was a Col Groussard whom the defense de scribed as a former member of the profascist cagoulard and as resent representative of the De Gaulle government in Switzer land The general said Groussard was sent to London to inquire if Great Britain could assist the French military aid in north Africa Lacaiile did not say whether the British made com mitments most of his testimony was concerned with the material weakness the French army in the years immediately preceding the war Eisenhower Approves Local Unions in Germany to Help Civilians During Winter Berlin told Germans in the U S occupa tion zone Monday that they may form local unions and engage in local political activities with the aim of helping prepare for the coming winter which he predicted will be hard Full freedom to form trade un ions ana to engage in democratic political activities will be extend ed rapidly in those areas in which you show a readiness for healthy exercise of these privileges Eis enhower said in a proclamation read over the Berlin radio We do not desire to degrade the German people We shall as sist you to build your life on a democratic basis Justice and education founded on true liberal principles will be supported vigorously The American member of the allied control council declared there must be no idleness adding all signs pointed to food shortages this winter He said there would be no coal for homeheating and the people would have to Bather wood Proclamation from Marshal Montgomery was read m the British zone of occu pation Observes Birthday Oyster Bay N Y Mrs Edith Kermit Roosevelt widow of President Theodore Roosevelt Monday quietly observed her 84th birthday with her family at Saga more Hill Cove Neck once the summer white house Theyre Out of the Army Now North Iowa soldiers who re cently received their discharges from the army at the separation center at Jefferson Barracks Mo are as follows Pvt Halph E Carr Garner Cpl Victor G Blue Spillville Pfc Ernest L Thompson Spen More Power Than 20000 Tons TNT Washington An atomic bomb which looses pent the universe equivalent to more than 20000 tons t Ci one of the greatest scientific advances ot history has been dropped on Japan President Truman told Monday of the terrific destructive power packed into the missile which was dropped 16 hours ago on Hiro Shima an important Japanese army base His statement released by the white house at 10 a m CWT said the bomb added a new and revolutionary increase in de struction on the Japanese homeland said 1J rf SJhe answerPresident Trumans statement said to Japans failure to heed the Potsdam demand that she surren der unconditionally at once or face utter destruction urren f 52000000000 spent in research and production a omifeatest scientific gamble in history Mr Truman saidthe atomic bomb has been one the most closely guarded secrets of the startrwnrlinIh EooseveltJlnJ Winston Churchill gave the signal to start work on harnessing the forces of the atom Mr Truman said the Germans worked feverishly failed to solve the problem It is an atomic bomb It Is a harnessing of the basic power oi the universe The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the far east The base that was hit Is a major quartermaster depot and has large ordnance machine tools and air craft plants The raid on Hiroshima located cer Harold J Anderson Woden Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair Monday cooler north west and southeast portions Clear and rather cool Monday night Tuesday fair and warmer Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Cooler Monday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Sunday 73 Minimum Sunday 60 At 8 a m Monday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 59 WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS on Honshu island on the shores of the Inland sea had not been disclosed previously although the 20th air force on Guam announced that 380 Superforts raided 4 Japanese cities at about the same time The city of 318000 also con tains a principal port The president disclosed that the Germans worked feverishly in search of a way to use atomic en ergy in their war effort but failed Meantime American and British scientists studied the problem and developed 2 principal plants and Equals 2000 B29s Washington P The atomic bomb announced by President Truman Monday packs a punch equivalent to that normally de livered by 2000 B29s The presi dent said the missile has an ex plosive force equal to 20000 tons TNT As suming a B29 carries a bomb load of 10 tons of TNT 4 500plane raids by the worlds biggest bomb ers would be necessary to equal in destructive power the explod ing fury of one atomic bomb some lesser factories for the pro duction of atomic power The president disclosed that more than 65000 persons now are working in great secrecy in these plants adding We have spent on the greatest scientific gamble in won We are now prepared to oblit erate more rapidly and complete ly every productive enterprise the Japanese have above ground in any cily We shall completely de stroy Japans power to make war The president noted that the Big 3 ultimatum issued July 26 at Potsdam was intended to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction and the Japa nese leaders rejected it The atomic bomb now is the answer to that rejection and the presi dent said They may expect a rain of ruin from the air the like of which has never been seen on this earth air Truman forecast that sea and land forces will follow up this air attack in such numbers and power as the Japanese never have witnessed The president said that this discovery may open the way for an entirely new concept of force and power The actual harness ing of atomic energy may in the future supplement the power that now comes from coal oil and the great dams he said It has never been the habit of the scientists of this country or the policy of this government to withhold from the world scien 5 Mr Truman said Normally therefore every KftNKS RETURN FROM OVERSEA The following soldiers from North Iowa and southern Minne sota were on board the India Vic lory due at New York harbor Sun day Pvt James R Shelledy Spirit Lake Gilbert C Carlson Mason City T Sgt Richard J Troendle Waukon Sgt Herbert J Lester Clarion S Sgt Erwin H Lettow Alden Sgt Willis N Mueller Freder icksburg Cpl Kenneth D Bravener Fredericksburg Southern Minnesotans on the ship included Pfc Lester F Zoeller Granada Sgt Robert D Bassett Blue Earth Sgt Ronald G Evans Mankalo Cpl Donald D Graves Mower county Cpl Rudolph E Nielsen Jack son Pfc Bernard D Sandhoofner New Ulm Pfc William A Zins New Ulm T Sgt Harold H DePou Lu verne Returning on the Santa Marga rita also due at New York Sunday were the following North lowans Carroll A Doud Iowa Falls Cpl Charles E Knouse Rad cliffe Vernon C Jensen Jr Es therville Minnesota Iowa GIs Due Home These North lowans and south Minnesotans are listed among the troops arriving home from Eu rope aboard the USS General Bliss scheduled to dock at Boston Sgt Jean H Olson OsagePfc Thiederman Mason t j Harry LAskvig Gold Sfn Tfci John Car roll Pfc Sylvester Anferson For est City Pfc Harold D Fox Al Robert L Caldwell Wmorfe Pfc John Lubinski Wi nona Patrol Plans Marker to Identify Decorah local civil air pa trol has undertaken to provide an adequate airmarker identifying Decorah Members of the patrol will prepare the marker thing about the work with atomic energy would be made public That will have to wait how ever he said until the war emer gency is over 680 B29S HIT 6 WAR CENTERS ON NIP ISLANDS Bombers and Fighters Spread Destruction From Tokyo to Kyushu Guam savagely for the 2nd time in 5 days 680 Superfortresses and Mustang lighters spread fire and destruc tion through 6 Japanese war cen ters stretching almost from the imperial palace in Tokyo to the southern home island of Kyushu Sunday and Monday Once again an all but helpless that the big bombers were coming on a mis sion of unable to offer effective resistance while the In dustrial areas of Nishinomlya Im abari Maebashi and Saga and Ube Coal Liquefaction company burned and fell apart from 3850 tons of incendiary and high ex plosive bombs dropped by a fleet of 580 Superforls Sunday air raid sirens screamed throughout Tokyo in a that 100 P51 Mustangs had re turned to strike terror with rock ets and machine guns against any thing they could find in the Tokyo area Radio Tokyo said 150 Mustangs carried the assault into the day light Monday with an attack on the Tokyo area A single Japanese fighter watched them come Sunday and then fled from the skies The BZ9s in 2 raids Aug 2 and Monday have sown 10500 tons of dreaded fire and demolition bombs on Japanese cities in warnings o the people of Japan to surrender unconditionally They have burned out approxi mately 160 square miles war producing cities since the first fire raid on Tokyo March 3 While the newest series of in cendiary raids has always been preceded by warnings to civilians to flee to safety their effective Arrive Guam fP Canadian troops the vanguard of 30000 men of the Canadian army Pacific force jiave arrived in advanced Pacific areas They will be followed by Royal Canadian air force squadrons and 60 ships of the Canadian navy in cluding 2 aircraft carriers 2 cruis ers destroyers and frigates Col Richard S Malone director of the Canadian army public relations said the Canadians will fight alongside the Americans in the Pa cific using American weapons or ganization tactics and terms ness was told bluntly in a single sentence in General Spaatz com munique which reporting on the record raid Aug 2 said First photographs available on results the B29 strike in the early hours Aug 2 show that the industrial area of Toyama was to tally destroyed Toyama with a population of 127000 was the 3rd largest city on Honshu fronting the Japan sea and had he empires largest aluminum plant The Japanese radio acknowl edged the attacks as announced by the U S strategic air forces head quarters at Guam and added that B29s also bombed the Honshu ci ties of Osaka Takasaki and Shi bukawa Maebashi Tokyo admitted suf fered a considerable loss It claimed g B29s were shot down Tokyo radio also reported exten sive mine sowing operations by B29s in Wakasa bay off the west coast of Honshu in the Harima sea between the inland sea and Osaka bay and in the sea of Japan Strategic air forces authorities did not confirm the report nor the Mustang attack on the Tokyo area Monday but did confirm the raid by the fighter pilots Sunday 4 NORTH IOWANS LISTED CASUALS North lowans listed as war cas ualties by the army and navy de partments Sunday and Monday based on prior notification to next of kin are as follows Army Wounded Pacific Pfc Everett E Klotzbach son of Mrs Anna E Klolzbach Mc Gregor Pfc Eldon S Lemler son of Mrs Bose Lemler Manly Navy Wounded Pvt Harold Andrew Rosenbaum USMCR son of John F Rosen baum Ossian Don Everett Pearson USMCR son of Mr and Mrs Oscar Pearson Pilot Mound lonans in Fight Manila Quentin Fuss Oskaloosa Iowa and Lt James W Conrad Adel Iowa were among the P38 Lighting fighter Dilots who took part in last weeks longrange attack on Soerbaja Java destroying 37 Japanese lo comotives ;