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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 6, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS LEASKJ WIRES MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 6 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 260 BRITISH WARN PUBLIC TO BE ALERT HEADS BACK TO COLORADO FOR PLANNING TALK Declares Agricultural Representatives Gave Him Many Helpful Facts Pictures on Page 2 By WILLIA3I B ARDERY DES MOINES L Willkie said Tuesday that he did not favor changing the present farm program unless a better one is gradually evolved V Willkie added in a statement shortly before his scheduled plane departure for his Colorado Springs Colo vacation resort that he would not take away any of the benefits sained by agriculture during the past few years The nominee voiced his appre ciation to those who attended his major farm conference here Mon day and added iie recognized as farm leaders have recognized that the welfare of agriculture re quires industrial recovery too I shall therefore exert myself to the utmost as president lo cre ate new jobs in the cities and thereby produce more purchasing power for American farm prod ucts If elected president1 ftie nomi will not take away benefits gained by agriculture in the past few years I do not favor changing the present farm program unless a better one is gradually evolved Willkie arranged to complete lie farm section of his accep tance address after returning by plane to Colorado Springs lie talked here Monday with more than 70 farm representatives from 10 midwestern states and said afterward that they bad given him much helpful infor mation The republican nominee ap peared time after time before var ious local groups Monday Among j his numerous impromptu speeches he made these declarations 1 American industry should be decentralized to promote both na tional defense and national pros perity 2 France despite her bravery was crushed like an eggshell be cause the French adopted the candy stick system of govern ment Elaborating Willkie said that people give children candy lo quiet them He added that Frances defense problem like that of this country was basically one of pro Z Jlenry A Wallace demo cratic vice presidential nom inee is a very eminent public servant and a fine gentle man and scholar 4 Willkie will consult many persons regarding the problems that I shall approach during the next four years Ihe next eight years but not the nest 12 years Agricuhural Program Iowa Press Interviews Willkie Publishers of Iowa Daily Press Association newspaper lo inter SAY RED KILLED IN HELSINKI Russians Report Friend of Soviet Slain by Canadian Volunteer MOSCOW slaying in Helsinki of a member of the So ciety for Friendship and Peace With the U S S R was re ported Tuesday by Tass news agency in a dispatch from the Finnish capital The dispatch said the advocate of closer relations with Moscow was shot and mortally wounded in a public meeting by a Canad ian volunteer that is by one of the Canadians who joined the Fin ish international brigade during the KussoFinnish war 5 The nominee will make no ill remark about either the gen tlemen on the other ticket unless they first about me make an ill remark Killing Rattlesnakes Is Profitable Hobby for Two Iowa Boys DUBUQUE rattle snakes is a profitable hobby for Dan Smothers and Charles Davis Smothers collected S2475 at the Dubuqe county auditors office for 99 sets of rattles and Davis col lected S1025 for 41 sets of rattles The bounty is 25 cents a set Smothers said he found the hunting best in the Swiss valley area Davis bagged his snakes near Epworth Iowa Stresses Domestic Economy for Strengthening Nation Willkie Calls for Traditional Method of Free Enterprise By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor DES Americas domestic so that she may bestrong before the world and keeping America to the democratic pattern through the traditional method of free enter prise constitute the fundamental issues of this presidential cam paign Such was the view expressed by Republican Nominee Wendell Willkie in a special interview with editors and publishers of the Iowa Daily Press associalion in this city Monday afternoon The query which prompted it was put by the writer of this re port in these lev words i opinion brother stake in this campaign Chicago The nominee was sittins at a table in the front of a sizable con ference room on the mezzanine 6 Members of the Willkiefor President clubs are fellow ama leurs in politics and the candidate believes they arc working for a cause I consider sacred The republican nominee spent more than an hour in a fastmov ing conversation with the farm group which included republican governors and congressmen and party candidates for office f During the day tiie nominee look a verbal poke at Edward J Flynn new democratic chair man after the latter had con tended that Wilkic hud been hypocritical in his sudden dis taste for machine DoHUcs V Willkie said it was true he once ran for democratic county commit teeman on the same New York ticket with James A Farley but acided that Mr Flynn is not Mr Farley I notice Willkie continued Ihat Frank Hague who sought to Zoo Throws Party for Gorilla Which Throws It Right Back PHILADELPHIA h e y threw a birthday party for Bam boo the Philadelphia zoos 400 pound gorilla and Bamboo threw it right back The 14 year old gorilla ripped to shreds a happy birthday card board sign smashed a half water melon against his cage bars and spattered spectators with frag ments of a 20 pound cake His disposition hasnt improved did the same thing last year II PERSONS KILLED LONDON UR Eleven per sons were killed and many were injured seriously when a motor coach packed with holiday makers returning from Blackpool collid ed with a truck and burst into flames near Rugeley in Stafford shire FORECAST imVA Fair Tuesday night and warmer Wed nesday and northwest Tuesday MINNESOTA Fair south partly cloudy norlh Tuesday night and Wednesday warmer Wednesday and west and north central Tuesday night floor of the Savery The interview up to this time had been of a not tooserious nature Could Mr Willkie find the farm near Ottumwa where 30 years ago he worked as a harvest hand He thought he could What did Mr Willkie think of the comparison between him and Abraham Lincoln The basis he quipped is probably that were both homely No Mr Willkic had not been drafted lie was frankly asking for the presidential job Was he planning to return fo Iowa Yes for at least one set speech on the farm question and for numerous briefer extempor aneous talks in passing through the state may beat me he had ob served but I believe that the American people have a right to see the man theyre asked to make president Im going to exhibit myself as widely as I can All ofthese answers from the massive slouchshouldered tousle haircd nominee had been to the accompaniment of a smile and a twinkly eye Kill when asked to justify his nomination his whole attitude cliamrrd of a sudden He became impressively in earnest He leaned over the table before him and fixed his eyes upon me his questioner as he proceeded into a dissertation of iiis political philosophy Soon nis were in action in Ihe manner of the courtroom lawyer in a final plea to the jury Dont let anybody tell vou that Wendell Willkie isnt must be accomplished on a basis of efficient and adequate pro ductivity It both can and must be accom plished under the democratic ideal Mr Willkie added Unless we keep to that pattern all that our coun trymen have striven for down through the years is lost Free en terprise is the nucleus abou which a democracy is builded At this point announcement was made that Mr Willkic was run ning n half hour behind on his busy days schedule and that the interview would have to be termi nated He rose and was hustled off to another meeting Later in the day with Mrs H C Houghton of lied Oak and Richard H Plock of Burlington I was privileged to meet Mr Willkic in bis hotel room for a brief mo ment to shake his hand Waiting in line for our turn we stood alongside the nominees Edward of igo He too has ueen richly endowed with imposing physique and engaging personality From him I learned how iiis distinguished brother came to have a harvest field back ground F R PROPOSES VETS FORM US DEFENSE UNITS Work on Plans for Home Guard Work If National Guard Called HYDE PARK N Y ident Roosevelt revealed plans Tuesday to build home defense units in the 48 states around a nucleus of American veterans of the World American Le gion and Veterans of Foreign Wars While congress worked on legislation empowering the president to call up national Suardsmen for federal training Mr Roosevelt disclosed thai he already is working on plans to build home guard units o take over local protection work when and if regular national guard units are ordered into service The home guard plan he said is under consideration by war de partment officials at Washington He added that he talked over the problem Monday night during a conference here with Gov Her bert C Lehman of New York The presidents long range de fense strategy apparently is to call up national guardsmen for federal service shortly after con gress grants such powers to him These semiseasoned troops would be used to trsin the first draft of conscripted manpower should congress pass the selective service bill which was reported to the senate late Monday Indicating his preoccupatioi j with pressing problems of nation al defense Mr Roosevelt said Lehmans call here Monday wai primarily social but their con versation soon veered to home de fense problems The president said his discus sion with Lehman essentially was from the point of view of the 48 states and the problems of home defense the states will encounter when and if the na tional guard is called into ser vice The problem is how to replace the regular guard regiment which go into service he said in was the same with all us brothers he explained Wed get home from college in June and be fore long our dad would come around with a ten dollar bill and n ticket to St Louis and say Sen Ill see you in September The father had grown up on a frm near Fort and be lieved the farm was the best possi ble place for ri son to spend his summer And theres quite a bit in the facts of his particular case to support the theory dicating conviction that the Charge Against Man Who Escaped in Iowa 10 Years Ago Dropped LOS ANGELES Grunwaldt who escaped from the Iowa reforaiatory 10 years ago was married in North Dakota and moved to California three years igo was free Tuesday following the dismissal of a fugitive com plaint against him Municipal Judge Wilbur C Cur tis Monday dismissed the com plaint after Gov Culbert L Olson I of California wrote to Gov George A Wilson of Iowa denying extra dition and saying This young mans record in dicates to me that he has been fully rehabilitated and is a law abiding member of society and that I the ends of justice would not be served by taking him away from a wholesome family to return to complete a sentence started over states must take individual action to organize home guard units foi local protective purposes Such units Mr Roosevelt said probably will be built arounc World war veterans as a such organizations as the Ameri can Legion and the Veterans o Foreign Wars farming the basis Mr Roosevelt disclosed the home defense plans while prepar ing to depart later this week foi an intensive inspection of north eastern defense bases DELEGATION CHAIRMEN AltE ENTERTAINED President Roosevelt dcclnrcc that the 21 American republic have achieved a meeting of mind on economic and defense problem and American Intcrcontinenta unity now is more nearly a fnc than ever beforein history Marking inception of a new or der of informality in relations will Latin American nations the presi dent and Mrs Roosevelt enter tained at lunch for chairmen o the Argentine Paraguayan Chil can and Uruguayan delegations to the recent Havana PanAmerican conference INDIANS LOSE TO WHITE SOX SPORTS BULLETIN CHICAGO fff Clevelands Indians lost to the Chicago While Sox Tuesday 5 lo I in Ihe first game of a twin bill as Lefty Thornton Lee pitched his second consecutive twohitter LOOK INSIDE FOR JOHNCUDAHY Says Europe Will Be Near Famine in Winter PAGE 2 Annual Carnival to Be at Rudd Aug 14 PAGE 5 Four City Net Titles Decided PAGE9 ITALY INVADES SOMALILAND British Forces Claim lo Dominate Eastern Regions of Libya CAIRO UP British forces now completely dominate the east ern regions of Italian Libya in East Africa and arc prepared tt cope with Italian armies whicl have invaded British Somalilanc in North Africa it was claimec officially Tuesday A communique said that Sun day three Italian columns ad vanced info British Somalilanc whore our land and air force have been organized to resist these advances Meanwhile an official state ment regarding western deser operations said that the firs phase of operations was ending and that during this phase a smal British mobile force complete dominated eastern Libya in th face of an Italian force of great superior numbers Italian losses on this front i since the beginning of the war have been BIB prisoners including a general 16 guns 15 tanks and 65 vehicles as well as an unascer iamablc number of killed and wounded which probably amount to several hundred and a quan tity of arms vehicles and mate rials the statement said The Italian attack on British Somaliland began with three col umns on Sunday a communique said British land and air forces were described as prepared to stand off the Italian attack de spite the collapse of allied de fenses in French Somaliland and the recent threat of an Italian of fensive from Libya into Egypt A Rome communique Tuesday said thiit Italian advance forces had de feated British advance forces in j Egypt in what appeared lo be a small patrol action Nazi Secret Weapons to Be Utilized EDITORS NOTE Preston Grover of the Associated Tress Berlin staff is with a parly of foreign correspondents being taken by Hie Germans 6n a lour of some sections of German occupied Belgium and France The following dispatch was written Aug 3 in Brussels sent by courier to Berlin and held there until released Tuesday By PRESTON GROVER BRUSSELS via Courier to Ber in wea lons and new methods of modern warfare some perhaps never tried jofore and one used only once in he lightning capture of a Belgian ort are ready for use against Britain Field Marshal General Albert Kesselring told the foreign press His statement was a renewal of Ihe oftrepeated story that Ger many is about to spring on her foes strange new devices developed behind the wall of mm military secrecy V What the weapons are or whether they represent only a new use of old weapons Gen eral commander of the German air force opposite England would not say He declared however that one 1 surprise weapon to his knowledge was perfected and used against the Eben limael fortress in the Liege citadel and there only A new weapon cannot be used often he added else it will be copied by the enemy and used against you Eben Emael 12 miles north of Liege and one of the strongest forts of the Albert canal line was reported taken by the Germans May 10 within a few minutes by a small detachment of nazis using a secret weapon Guesses on both sides of the Atlantic about Hint weapon ranged from a new lype gun to a nerve gas Louis Loehner chief of the Associated Press Berlin bureau reported last July 13 it is known that before the capture of the Belgian fortress Eben Emael an exact replica was built in northern Germany Para chute troops descended on that replica in JD practice raids hurl ing thermite bombs at the big guns and steellined embrasures and capturing the astonished gar rison f V Kessclring who learned to fly at 50 and now at 55 awaits the word to strike as he man in whose hands may be tiie success or fail ure of Germanys air attack proved a lively conversationalist at a dinner with the foreign press correspondents PRESS STATES HUGE ATTACKS ARE EXPECTED Report Intense Enemy Military Activity From Norway to Red Sea By UNITED PRESS Great Britain Tuesday put spe cial emphasis on intense enemy military activity from Norway to the Red sea in a drive to keep the empire alert against a possible axis offensive A drive against any one of sev eral key British Isles Gibraltar or the Suez canal a genera offensive against all Hi once were possibilities which inspired British sources discussed Q Tlic British press apparently with official cncouraeemcni warned that the British Isles should expect attack possibly by waves of 500 bombing planes within two weeks even if no In vasion is attempted by Adolf Hitler TM Hie military field there was widespread activity to support speculationon an axis offensive but still no definite developments A German bomber was shot down along the British coast The admiralty reported that a total of ANTIBRITISH DRIVE OPENED Japanese Arrest 7 Chiefs of Salvation Army on Suspicion TOKIO authori ties announced Tuesday the arrest of seven executives of the Japan ese Salvation Army on suspicion of espionage Extreme nationalist organiza tions opening an antiBritish cam paign which they intended to spread throughout the countrv de manded that Sidney ARinger British consular agent at Shimon oseki get out of town within a week and the antiBritish peoples federation announced plans for n gigantic demonstration here next Monday before the British cm RAF Convinced Nazi Preparations Are About Completed NEW YORK Royal Air Force intelligence officers an alvzing scoutingreports from across the English channel are convinced Ihe Germans have about completed organization of a blitzkrieg attempt tarry Le seuer CBS correspondent in London reported fn a broadcast hcurd here Tuesday Xazi activity particularly on railroads and highways in north ern Belgium Holland and France has been stepped up he saiil Air force officials Ieseuer said expect the German on slaught to come partly on barges lowed by transports believed to be under construction in the Baltic now and on gliders lowed by transport planes w h I c h would carry food munitions and guns hut no men 63fiOl tons of British and 7OFIO tons of allied shipping were sunk by he Germans during tiie week ending July week in which the nai high command claimed the sinking of 223238 tons of enemy shiping At Berlin the high command communique reported that since the start of the war German air planes and naval craft have sunk tons of British shipping or of shipping useful to the enemy The comnuiniriuc said that iie British repeatedly had been forced to close important ports because of the aerial and submarine of fensive Tile Brilish admiralty lias claimed that less lljan half the lonnace reported simk by the Germans actually has been lost and that such ports as were closed were in most cases lv reopened If the German figure on ton nage sunk should be confirmed it would mean that destruction of shipping lias been at a fnr greater rate than daring the World war when a total of about 11000000 Ions of enemy and neutral ship ping was sunk by submarines In the Mediterranean area an other aerial stab at Gibraltar co1 incidcd with increasing indica tions of a ijjg Italian offensive in Africa Such a drive might lie served 17 months of sentence lor stealing is the father of five IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalisinot bciaiifc as a aperson cnormousU Hveyea A flist necessity upon America he began is to place our national economy in order so that we can j c T by forees in a world which Union Votes oy force Why did France fall Not bei rn Arlmif F cause her soldiers were f Monday oua Flynn will work in ocrfcct coop eration wilif the Hague Kcllvl Aash and all the other machines At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 1 6P SB 65 spiritless pacify sapned rdly nation she was i i Air Raids on Tokio genauimes iiiTcslcd Col Masuzo Ucmura Salvation Army timed with the threatened nui commissioner Y a s o o Scnavva blitzkrieg on the British Isles 1 chief secretary and live others i though there was no definite in Juiy 31 it uas announced and it i formation as to whether British FOIMIFn j Jvs lat bombing planes eight of which bv scndavthe nazis id they shot down A Monday had done sufficic era WUIkie forPrcMdent club I Ucmura as commissioner is srnuucni lo be the first in Iowa has I commander of the Japanese Sal been organized in Grant and Wallvation Army lie is also a pastor nut the Episcopal church in Japnri Kjd jiamWg Reported lowan Taking Drivers Test Crashes Into Interurban Car LONDON nir raids Monday night on Kiel important nazi nnval base and the great port of Hamburg were reported by the air ministry Tuesday MOSCOW jijj Russia com IS IDENTIFIED VALPARAISO Ind RnlhiMliPfiiico j uasia turn Ind nrodiction Mad been tic B absorbiPs body of a wclldrcssed man found nalil h r name before n Ca bl Ihe world but it milted Piously had been ad ley Janus 3G of Hibling I State police aid tic had from n freight train Minn fallen T Luiiv i mi i IK ngni tina men turned Icf Tuesday cost Morton Goodell 2o 1 directly into the path of a a passing grade in his lyWatcrloo car oxminaiion for an Iowa drivers license Firsthand witness to the hap was Examiner Karl limner or the drivers license division of the stale department of public safely Damage was niinor to Goodclls sedan and the iruilcy car limner nor the anplicantdrivcr vas hurt Said Iimnri Ret used lj having almost anything happen damage to German bases to forct a change in Hitlers attack plans An Italian communique al Rome saitt that advance fascist forces ha met and routed a British patrol on the Egyptian side of lie frontier facing Libja thus stabhine into Britishhchl terrilory The Italians claimed capture of two British tanks and i dcstruclion of Iwo others j reported the Itaiians massing j strong forces along the frontier especially near Bir El Gobi tn the Mediterranean coast appar cntly for an offensive into Egypt But it was by piecing together the recent Italian i nnd the Rome press dispatches Irom the fiont that the apparent ;