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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOMEEDITIQN MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Fteu FuU Letsad Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 5 1944 NO 2M YANKS SMASH INTO BREST Red Troops Invade German Soil BERLIN ADMITS PENETRATION IN PRUSSIAN LINES Soviet Forces Smash to Within 30 Miles of Stronghold Krakow London Russians have I carried war to German soil for the first time since the conflict started by penetrating1 the northeastern part of East Prussia Berlin reports indicated Saturday and Moscow dispatches said fires are raging in East Prus sian towns which now are objec tives of red army infantry at tacks The German high command communique said there was fight ing In the SudanenSchaken dis trict Sudanen is the old name for the eastern part of East Prussia between the rivers Inster and I Acerapp and the Masurian lakes While the battle for Warsaw to the south raged inside and out of the old Polish capital the red army flung strong cavalry forces across 2 water barriers in a smashing drive to within 30 miles of Kra kow the last big city stronghold of the Germans barring invasion of German Silesia A Transocean broadcast from I Berlin said heavy fighting is going on against soviet formations which have broken through on the East Prussian border north of1 1 State Guard Mobilized in Philadelphia Transit Strike BULLETIN Philadelphia Philadelphia Evening Bulletin said Satur day that 2 regiments of U S army troops are being speeded to Phil adelphia to break Philadelphias 5day transportation tieup which has caused race violence and slashed war production Best indications were that the soldiers will be used to operate vehicles and the army will depend on the Pennsylvania state guard Id maintain order the bulletin said Philadelphia regiments of the Pennsylvania state guard fully armed were mobilized Saturday as 6000 Philadelphia transi strikers again defied U S army orders to end a 5day work stoppage marked by racial disorders threats of violence against re turning workers A high source said the guard units would be used only to maintain order in connection with the armys efforts to restore bus trolley subway and subway elevated service in the nations 2nd largest arsenal The source who asked not to Tommy Manville Announces Hell Take 8th Wife New York Man ville announced Friday nighl that rie will marry Collette Francis 30 former Earl Carroll show girl by Sept 1 She will be the 8th Mrs Manville Ive known her a long time Manville said Its about time grandpnppy settled clown dont you think RUSH INTO BIG PORT IN BLITZ INTO PENINSULA Reach Approaches of St Nazaire With Slashing Advances EXTRA YANKS BLAST PILLBOX S infantrymen supported by a tank firing at point blank range advance on a Japanese concrete pillbox at the edge of the airfield on Orote point on Guam As the attack pressed close Japs inside the pillbox could be heard commit ting suicide with hand grenades Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving 47 Killed as ier post about a mile fromthe East Prussian frontier The villase itself is 2 or 1 miles from the station on the main railway between Kaunas former capital of Lithuania and KonUxberc largest city of East Prussia over German lands and we can smell things burning said a Pravda eyewit ness report published in Moscow which told of burning East Prus sian towns The German high command gave no further description of the Su dauenSchakeh district but it could refer to thesame area as mentioned by Transocean in the report about Virbalis Actual crossing of the border however might have come at any one of a dozen points since the Russians have been drawn up within ar tillery range along a front of 70 miles Moscow dispatches said Gen Ivan Cherniakhovskys troops pushing upon East Prussia met bit ter resistance in the vicinity Eydtkuhnen on the Lithuanian border Farther north along the Nieman river a spearhead struck in Georgia Stockton Ga A west bound Atlantic coast line passen ger train crashed into the locomo tive of a bypassed freight on a siding near here early Saturday killing at least 47 persons mostly railway laborers going home for the weekend to Alabama H L Tomlinson station agenl for the railroad said at least 47 bodies had been found Nearly all the dead he said were Negroes members of a work gang which bad been at Doctortown Ga Tomlinson said more bodies were in the wreckage but he could not estimate the number An un determined number were injured Turner Rockwell managing editor of the Valdosta Times who reached the scene shortly afte the crash said 2 passenger car were demolished and 2 other damaged Rockwell said an apparent rai failure hurled the passenger trai into the freight as it passed th siding The passenger cars struc the engine of the freight on splitting lengthwise It was in th straight into the flank of the re maining German Baltic front seized Stakai 48 miles east of Til sit and overran 200 towns and villages Scraping for reserves the nazi high command brought up troops which had been guarding rail dumps in Tilsit and Konigsbtrg and threw them into the battle the Russians said while heavy lorces ot red planes strafed major roads in East Prussia leading to the front The struggle for Warsaw con tinued in undiminished fury but the Russians as yet bad made no claim of gaining a foothold in the Polish capital Inside Warsaw Polish under ground lorces were believed run ning low on ammunition Four bridges across the Vistula as well as rail stations in the citys cen ter which have changed hands many times in bitter fighting were said in a statement from the patriot general Bor to be now in German hands The German communique ac knowledged that the Russians had made new gains below Warsaw and said that fighting in pro gress at Warka 32 miles south of the capital Russian forces crossed the Vis tula tributaries the Nida and the Wistoka gaining strong positions for new attacks from the north east and the east against Krakow and were about 75 miles from German Silesia Marshal Kon staintin K Rokossovskys first White Russian army and Marshal Ivan S Konevi Ukrainian right flank met in the vicinity of Szczucin on the Vistula for a con certed drive against the southern anchorage of Hitlers defenses of the reich way asked for a cigaret lit it ion dropped dead A hospital car carrying Bounded soldiers to Finney Gen ral hospital at Thcima5viUeCla vas assenger train arid was derailed ditor Rockwell reported It did ot overturn and the soldiers one of whom was seriously in ured in the wreck were taken o Moody Field Most of the dead and injured vere taken to Valdosta and Thomasville and 6 of the injured vent to Waycross AU were ci ilians car that most of the dead wer found Rockwell said The car immediately behind that which split lengthwise was badly demolished and another was crumbled by the impact When 1 went to the scene shortly after it happened bodies were lying sprawled in broken shapes Rockwell said Tomlinson told of one Negro who was cut from the wreckage walked to the highway a few feet Yearly Increase of in Teachers Salaries Is Shown Des Moines De cember 1941 and June 1944 thi average teachers pay in low may have risen about S180 a year a sample check by the state pub lie instruction department showed Counties checked were Adah Adams Allamakce Benton Blac Hawk Boone Cedar Cerro Gor do OBrien Pottawattamie Wa pello and Webster The department said that aver age salaries rose from in the 21 year period increase 177 per cent Nazis to Take Census of All Pigs Sept 3 New York nazis plan to take a census of all pigs in Germany on Sept 3 according to an article in the Munich newspa per Neuetse Nachrichten the OWI said Friday REPARE FINAL DRIVE ON GUAM Japs Are Trapped on North 3rd of Island Pearl Harbor marines and army troops on uam after capturing the strate gically vital Mount Barrigada md road junctions prepared Sat urday for the final drive to an Ihilate the only Japanese forces remaining on the island which were trapped in its northern 3rd While increasingly bitter ene my opposition and rough jungled terrain had slowed their advance the American forces under Maj Gen Hoy S Geiger were in good position for an allout offensive with the capture of the 674foot Mount Barrigada which domi nates a considerable area of the east flank and all the road junc tions in the vicinity of Finegayan on the west coast With the aid of carrier aircraft the Americans made slight gains oirthe right flank and in the cen ter of their line Adm Chester W Nimitz reported in his latest com munique He added that there was no appreciable advance on the west coast where the American line is anchored on the shore of Tumon bay The Japanese were taking full dvantage of the jungle terrain nd the spirit with which they vere fighting indicated a last man stand Nimitz reported that marines on Tinian island and nearby Saipan 20 miles north of Guam were till hunting down scattered apanese and on Saipan first is and to fall to the Americans dur ng the Marianas campaign an average of 50 a day are being eliminated or taken prisoner be quoted directly said the army had told him that troops brought here will be used only to operate the Philadelphia Transportation companys rolling stock He did not say whether any troops al ready had arrived Meanwhile a showdown ap peared imminent between the strikers and the army which seized the lines Thursday night by order of President Roosevelt Arrests were indicated The Philadelphia army public relations section said it could not comment on the mobilization which affected units stationed as far away as Altoona 234 miles west of here The army disclosed that its next step in the dispute stemming from white workers opposition to the upgrading Negro transit em ployeswould be in cooperation with In James P Granery assistant to the attorney general said flatly that persons who obstructed a return fo work since the army took over the Phil adelphia Transportation company were very likely to be and soon Maj Gen Philip Hayes war de partment representative in charge of the company conferred here for 2 hours Friday night with de partment of justice and federal bureau of investigation officials The entire situation was gone over so that there would be com plete cooperation between the army and the department of jus tice in handling this matter Hayes said His session with the law officers came after James McMenamin a strikers committee man notified the citys 6000 transit operators that the strike committee had Suburbs of Florence in Allied Hands Rome army troops have completed occupation of the suburbs oC Florence south of the Arno river and bearing down along a 25mile sector are press ing the enemy back against the stream on both sides of the city allied headquarters said Saturday Gen Sir Harold Alexanders command announced that al though the enemy proclaimed that te regards Florence as an open city he has seen fit to use it for lis military traffic and when out fought south of the city has blown up all the bridges except the his oric Ponte Vecchio His para Iroops however are posted along the northern bank of the Arno within the city limits There were no reports Saturday indicating actual lighting within the portions of Florence reached by 8th army units butan alliec spokesman is clear tha the enemy the An 141 NEW SUPREME WAR COUNCIL IS SET UP BY JAPS New Reverses for Nipponese Reported on Many Battlefronts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japans conquestswollen empire was ripping badly at the scams in ndia Burma the Marianas and Jew Guinea Saturday as fresh uattlefront reverses forced her to set up a supreme war council The Japanese announced that U S P38 Lightnings raided THREATEN FRENCH SEAPORTS American drives through Brittany threatened 5 important French seaports St Malo which already may have fallen Brest Lorient St Nazaire 4 and Nantes Black area is under allied control Arrows show course allied drives voted unanimously to continue the status work stoppage Be back here at noon Satur day and we will have more news for you McMenamin told strikers assembled at a car barn Officials of the CIO United Transport Workers union which represents the transit workers have opposed the strike Partial streetcar and elevated service was restored Fri day the first under army control but it collapsed Friday night when relief operators failed o appear for those who had operated some vehicles during the day on both sides of the city which remain in no mans All along the south side of the Arno British Indian New Zea land and South African forces crushed the nazis back and threat ened to cut the weakening de fenders into small formations Two and a half miles east of Florence a British division push ed through Bango n Ripoli to within 1000 yards ol the Arnos banks while the enemy still held high ground to the east Advance elements pressing down into Florence were reported engaged by the enemy in a brief delaying action reminiscent of the flurry fighting on the out skirts of Home which the nazis found necessary in order to gain time to extricate their main forces from the city It was suggested that the Ger mans possibly spared Pontc Vcc southern Manchuria Friday that strong formations of American planes bombed the Bonin and Kazan islands the same day anc that powerful enemy task force of at least 10 vessels including tiruisSrs arid destroyers is assem bled on the sea in the Chichi Jima Bonin area The Lightnings reportedly struck the IHudkin industrial area recent ly raided by Fortresses Chichi Jima was reported raided 3 times Friday and Jima in the Ka zan group twice The islands arc about halfway bctwcn Die IWari anas and Japan Allied sources made no mention of the attacks Tokyos radio announced Satur day the Japanese government had abolished its liaison council pres ent link with imperial headquar ters and had established with imperial sanction a supreme council to map out a basic policy for directing the war and to obtain greater harmony and coordina tion between the lighting and civil services An adjustment leading to great er harmony between the supreme command and governmental BULLETIN With the Americans in Brittany p m Aug 5 of American army are within the city limits of Brest it was an nounced Saturday night Other American units driv ing southward across Brit tany have reached a point several miles south of St Gildas des Bois which is 18 miles from St Nazaire Another allied column heading eastward has crossed the Jlaycnne river 2 miles south of Mayennc on the way towards Paris Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force can troops swarmed over halt of lie Breton peninsula Saturday hrusling nearly to the port of Mantes at its base and advancing to within 85 miles oE Brest at its tip To the north in Normandy Ger man troops were in a general withdrawal from the whole Odon Orne valley southwest ot Caen Thethrust by British andCan adian closer a possible major German retreat to the Seine river 70 miles to the east and the opening of the way to Paris Giving up 50 square miles of territory in a fivemile retreat the Germans below the Canadian sector were declared in a front dispatch to be moving their forces back and forth in GREAT CON FUSION A Canadian officer at chio because it is unsuitable for wheeled traffic A message reaching the allied command from the Florence na tional committee of liberation said the Germans had evacuated in habitants of the city from the en tire north bank A British force moving along both sides of the upper Arno and Wcllo east of Florence captured Rignano 31 miles south of the important junction point of Pon tassievc fairs is more important than any other matter explained Japans premier Kuniaki Koiso All along the Dutch New Guinea north coast the Japanese are in full retreat Gen Douglas Mac Arthur announced Saturday He said the Japanese 2nd army charged with the defense of Dutch New Guinea yielding a 700 mile sweep of coastal area without a fight was withdrawing toward the south and west in hope ulti mate evacuation from western FRENCH FIGHT NEAR PARIS Open Guerrilla Warfare Is Started by Workers Madrid French factory workers in the red belt com munist sector around Paris have begun open guerrilla warfare against German occupation forces information reaching here from the French capital said Saturday German SS Elite Guard troops now are patroling the sub urban industrial districts of Au bervilliersLaCourneuve and Bil lancourt these advices related Several factories in Billancourt where aircraft and the Renault tank and truck works are located have been seriously damaged by the explosionof bombs that were not dropped by allied planes Young Presidents Boston UP New England boasts the 2 youngest college pres idents of the nation They are Lt Comdr George F Funston 33 of Trinity college at Hartford Conn and Doctor Charles P Phillips 34 of Bates college at Lewiston Maine Lt Comdr Funston is on leave ol absence for the duration and Doctor Phillips takes over at the Maine college in the fall BLAST SUB PENS IN BREST PORT London than 100 RAF Lancaster bombers plastered the submarine pens at Brest Fri day to prevent the Germans from pulling their Uboats out of the port threatened by the American advance 116148 Allied Casualties in France Through July 10 Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force forces in France have lost a total of 116148 men killed wounded or missing from DDay June 6 through July 10 of which 70003 were Americans supreme announced Saturday Guinea the enemys losses can not fail to be calamitous American and Chinese troops aebraled the capture Myil yina in northern lidthe Japanese garrison there as still predicted he early fall to Chinese attackers Tengchung main Japanese base i Yunnan province less than 60 iles from Myitkyina The British announced that a apanese withdrawal from Mani ur state in India had heightened o full retreat with imperial troops ursuing the Japanese only 7 tiles Irom the BurmaIndia lorder United States forces lost 11156 killed 52710 wounded and 6143 missing Included in these figures were the casualties sustained during preinvasion exercises last April when Eboats attacked a convoy and killed 130 and wounded 41 with 312 missing British losses were 5646 killed 27766 wounded and 6182 miss ing Canadian casualties were 91D killed 4354 wounded and 1272 missing Is Sure Jap Forces Had Woman With Them Los Angeles One Solo mons island native chief say navy Comdr Myron W Gray bill is positive the Japanese fore that occupied his domain had woman with them Graybill a veteran of the Pa cific said he asked the chief ho1 he could be so sure and was told I ate her the Iront said The enemy is now extremely windy He is trying desperately to provide some kind a bolt hole for himself These are moves desperation After G days of battling British troops knocked loose VillersBo cage the keystone oE the German defenses west the Ornc river and took al least 15 towns and villages Advancing on an ciyhtmilc front the Tommies swarmed into evacuated VillersBocage and captured Noyers Esquay Evrecy and hilis 112 and points the Germans had fought bitterly for weeks to hold The fall VillersBocagc left the nazis with the choice either pulling out or running the risk of having their forces trapped in a vshapcd wedge between the Odon and Ornc rivers extending from Evrecynortheastward to ward Caen The supreme headquarters com munique confirmed that Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys unslackening American tankinfantry force tlriving west on the Breton penin Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Saturday night and Sunday Iowa Partly cloudy and cool with few scattered thundershowers Saturday Fair and cool Satur day night Minnesota Fair Saturday night and Sunday Cooler southeast portion Saturday night Warmer Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 77 Minimum Friday night 64 At 8 a m Saturday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum SO Minimum 56 Precipitation 02 sula had reached Loudeac 85 miles from the great port Brest at the peninsulas end The Germans told of a pene tration to Pontivy 10 miles far The American columns driving south of Rcnnes on 2 roughly parallel roads to Nantes reached Derval and Chateaubriant 30 and 33 miles above Nantes respec tively These American troops also threatened the uboat case of St Nazaire west of Nantes from near Derval and Chateanbriant 38 and 40 miles away The American thrust through Brittany opposed so far only in effectual isolated German garri son forces brought invasion troops for the first time into ter ritory of strong Maquis resistance whore front line cooperation with French forces of the inferior possible the department province of Morbihan bordering the Bay of Biscay in southern Brittany French patriots for months have been blasting German communi cations and skirmishing with the nazis In these battles some 1400 Germans have been reported kill ed against a loss oE 200 members ol the Maquis Buy your iJs Stamps from your Globcfla carrier boy ;