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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE 11 1 OC VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBTSS THC NEWSPAPER THAT MAKB AWL KOKTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 5 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 3 s ximjuoi O JLUIJ THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS BRmSHTAKE CATANIA PUSH AHEAD 1 Russians Fight Way Through Orel Streets fl OTHER GERMAN LINES EXPOSED IN RED SUCCESS Nazb Say Withdrawal From Bastion Planned for Quite Some Time MOSCOW battle for the stronghold of Orel reached its blazing climax Thursday with the red army fighting its way through jithe streets of the city to complete jthe reconquest of its first major J objective ot 1943 and signs danger to other exposed sections j of the German lines in Russia ap I peared immediately I The German high command an I nounced that Orel was evacuated f Wednesday night after all stores had been removed and all military I factories methodically destroyed It claimed the withdrawal had been planned quite some Where the Russians would strike next after the elimination of the Orel salient remained their own military secret but there was no doubt here hat the red army soon would strike I again Russian forces have edgedfor ward on both sides of the enemys t Kharkov salient and are improv ing their positions riear Belgorod nd southwest of VorosjfiiJo versa The Germans havebegun to show signs of uncertainty where they should cling to their defenses around Smolensk in the central or Moscow sector The German communique said the Russians launched a series of violent counterattacks Wednesday against newlywon German posi tions north of Kuibyshcvo on the Miiis river front but said every thrust was thrown back with heavy losses It said the Soviets also were continuing their attacks on the middle Donets and in the Belgorod area The Germans were reported offering stubborn resistance as hey were driven through the wrecked streets of Orel but it was regarded merely as a rear guard defense for the main body of retreating forces f Red army infantry storming down from the hills east of Orel swept across the Oka river and were reported mopping up the enemys rearguards block bv block Frontline dispatches said the Germans still were offering bitter resistance northwest and south west of Orel in an effort to cover the retreat of the main boclv of their troops through the bottleneck lo the west The soviet army newspaper Red Star declared the nazis had stepped up their fcarline fire power in those areas virtually doubling the number ot guns for each mile of the front and were counterattacking with groups of 15 to 25 tanks Soviet bombers however were reported blasting at the enemys support lines and main bases behind the Orel salient concentrating on the communications center of Bry ansk Nikitovka Yasinovitaya and Ilovaiskaya behind the Kharkov front and Mga on the Leningrad front also were sub jected to heavy air attacks The Russian announcement that the citys inner defenses had cracked after 24 days of savage ftgnting during which soviet ar mored units infantry and cav alry stormed them from three di rection listed vast stores ot ammunition and guns as cap tured More than 2500 Germans were killed and 18 enemy tanks were knocked out as the Germans fought bitterly and even counter attacked in desperate attempts to chock the red army masses pour ing into the citys streets a soviet communique said Orel which had a normal pop ulation of 91000 had been for tified extensively with the hedge hog system ot defense since it was occupied by the German army on Oct 8 1941 U js the hinge nnd key defense position of i the Ions southcentral German I lino extending to the Sea of Azov I and its recapture would reopen vital railway lines linking the Ukraine with Moscow Sweden Puts Ban on German Troop Moves Across Nation Action Taken After Military Preparedness Is Raised to High Point STOCKHOLM Transportation of German troops across Sweden to and from Norway will be halted Aug 20 and the movement of nazi war materials will be discontinued Aug 15 a Swedish communique announced Thursday The action had been expected here for weeks while Sweden care fully brought her military pre paredness to its highest state of efficiency since the war began It was estimated that Sweden now has close to 400000 men under arms The importance of the military traffic across Norway was re vealed recently by the Swedish press which said 250000 German soldiers had moved annually be tween Germany and Norway via Sweden The Swedish government was reported to have decided at a cabinet meeting last Friday to terminate the agreement by which Germany could use Sweden as a short cut for its men and supplies Sections of the Swedish public had objected bitterly to this use of a neutral state for military transit by a belligerent Sweden had granted transit fa cilities to Germany on July 8 1940 arguing that there was no active war in Scandinavia at the time VVithdrawa of the transit privi lege was taken ihsome quarters as an indication that Sweden recog nizing the growing strength of the allies is confident she can defend herself against Germany if nec essary Flyer Plus Plane Seat Plunge Down SEATTLE William Himmelmanns safety belt curely securely that it ripped his seat right out of the navy plane when the pilot rolled it over on its feet in the air The Sacramento Cal officers experience occurred on a trainer plane flight 10 days ago He told about it Thursday Wed been upside down about half a second when I felt myself falling I didnt know what had happened at first I was still strapped to the seat and I was all Lshaped Koinr down feet and head firsl he related It seemed a long time but it was only a few seconds actually until I realized I haci fallen oul It wasnt anybodys fault the seat just broke N I was dropping real easy I saw this handle and I knewit couldnt be anything else but the rip cord and I pulled it But nothing happened Ensign Himmelmanns parachute had been under him His safety belt held it securely between him and the seat f It wasnt bad at all Him melmann continned and I had all raj senses about me I figured out what the trouble was So I Hipped the safety belt and watched the seat slip away from me and no down It war all right then As soon as the seat fell the parachute opened T was about 2000 to 2 500 feet from the ground then He landed unhurt Mae West Divorced From Man Who Said He Was Neglected HOLLYWOOD u 11 r v Screen Star Mae Wesct was a single woman Thursday she was granted a divorce from song and dance man Flank Wallace The divorce climaxed a long court history which began in 1941 when Wallace the forgotten hus band who hoofed his way into ob scurity while she made sued the buxom blond star for scparate mainience He claimed humiliating neglect nntl said her denial that they were ever married was a source of Srer pain He paid they were married at Milwaukee April 11 tail and separated July g 1915 BULK OF NIPPON RESISTANCE AT MUNDA BROKEN Yankee Jungle Troops Enveloping Airfield After Smashing Trenches ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Southwest Pacific can jungle troops have crushed the bulk ot Japanese resistance at Munda broken through main trenches on one flank and are en veloping the airfield it was an nounced Thursday The major Japanese ele ment is finished Gen Doug las Mac Arthurs spokesman re ported Troops swinging around the western end of the field are ex pected to close a trap shortly on the garrison estimated at 5000 men a spokesman at Admiral William F Halseys south Pacific headquarters said and annihi lation of the Japanese force may result Halseysspokesman pointed out that mopping up operations ivjl time and1 Japanese force is strongly en trenched but isolated on a point ot land at Bairoko harbor 10 miles north of Munda Tokyo radio said 2i of 70 American planes were shot down in dogfights Wednesday over the Munda area at a cost of 14 Jaoa nese aircrafi American ptanes bombing and sjrafing the Munda area to blast open a way for the at tacking soldiers and marines saw between 200 and 300 Japa nese frantically seeking refuse in the water west of the air drome indicating a retreat had finally berun The left flank oC the attack ing troops moving from the east ern end of the airstrip breached a line of trenches running from the beach on the south to Bibolo hill on the north and moved to a point opposite the center of the field Meanwhile other troops swarmed over Bibolo hill occupy ing part of the western slopes and reached ihe other side of the field Mitchell dauntless aven ger and other bombers supported by fighters laid 45 tons of bombs on the enemy positions and ma chine gunned strong points in di rect aid of the ground forces Neither the spokesmans report nor MacArlhurs communique predicted how soon the garrison at Munda main Japanese base in the central Solomons would be crushed completely CATANIA IMPORTANT SEAPORT IN SICILY Pairings Listed for Final Round of Legion Meet Complete Lineups Paee 11 Bancroft and Greenfield will get the finals of the junior Legion state baseball tournament under way Thursday evening at while Cedar Rapids will tangle with Burlington in the game to follow under the lights it was an nounced Thursday afternoon fol lowing a meeting of managers at theJiptel Hanlord Fridays also at fr15 Will pit Bancroft against 3iiar Burlington and Green field will meet in the nightcap Friday The pairings for the final two contests Saturday evening will not be made until after the conclusion of Friday nights games Play ball ARRESTED BY U S OFFICIALS Goldfield Editor Held in Fort Dodge Jail Basil Koob 32 edi tor of the Goldfield Gazette was arrested Wednesday nfternoon by federal authorities on a warrant charging him with sending ob scene matter through the U S mails He was aken to Fort Dodge by federal officers and is being held in the Webster county jairpend mg arraignment in federal court for the north Iowa district Koobs newspaper office was raided Wednesday by federal of ficers and Dave Neilly deputy sheriff who arc reported to have round a mailing list which he is alleged o have used in sending obscene pictures Postoffice authorities are said to have been working on the case for a long time They allege that Koob obtained his pictures in large bundles sent through the mail Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy U S CASUALTIES IN SICILY LISTED 501 Killed 3870 Wounded 2370 Missing WASHINGTON UR Ameri can casualties in Sicily up to July 22 numbered SO killed X870 wounded and 2370 missing Sec retary of War Henry L Stimson announced Thursday He said Italian and German prisoners taken by the allies now number about 100000 The num ber of enemy killed and wounded also is believed to be substantial Stimson said American losses were moderate considering Uic nature of the fighting and the ler rain British casualties were not a great leal higher Ihin the Ameri can he added While details of casualties since July 22 ire not available they are believed to be light Stimson said losses of Ameri can B24 liberator bombers in the raid on the Ploesti oil fields in Rumania amounted to 20 per cent but a devastating blow was struck at the vital oil resources there representing about one third of the axis oil production A total of 177 liberators partici pated in the raid Fifteen or 20 American planes were shot down over the target and as many more failed to return from the mis sion Eight were forced to land in Turkey Oil Transportation Problem About Whipped Ickes Says Reports Fair Handling Would Mean MidWest Diversion lo East CHICAGO Admin istrator Harold L Ickes declared JJ IMJVIHI if MM 1 of the oil supply problem would t0n require diversion of petroleum bv products irom the middle west andsouthwest to the t that they canbe moved Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Thursday after noon Thursday night and Fri day forenoon scattered showers Friday forenoon IOWA Continued cool Thursday afternoon and Thursday night slowly rising temperature Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued cool Thursday night rising tempera ture Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum 80 Minimum Wednesday night 56 At 8 a m Thursday S9 Rain 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum RI Minimum 57 Ickes set forth his oiticcs posi tion at a meeting of a group of congressmen cnlled to discuss the question of whether the midwest nnd southwest shall hive less gas oline The administrator brought with him from Washington staff members to answer queries from members of an unofficial midwest congressional rationing commit tee from 32 midcontinent stales Asserting his figency has scon no validity in any theory ot ra tioning simply to 5preicl the misery Ickes summarized into four points why gasoline con sumption in Ihe middle west and southwest will have to be cur 1 War requirements for crude oil are enormous and increasing steadily 2 Crude oil productive capac y is falling off throughout the middle west and is susceptible of a substantial increase only in west Texas and to a relatively mi nor degree in parts of Louisiana and New Mexico 3 The combination of he first twofjictors means that we arc now at the point in the United Vales where we iiniiot be sure that we will continue to have enough crude oil to meet the re quirements oC war nnd essential civilian use unless petroleum products are used conservatively 4 Gasoline production has faIen off and is continuing to fall off because more and more of each barrel of crude oil that used to EO into automobile gasoline is now going into 100 octane aviation gasoline toluene for TNT buta diene for synthetic rubber dis tillate for beating purposes and ior processing in catalytic crack ing plants lhat are making petro leum war products And finally transportation fa cilities for more petroleum and petroleum products out of the southwest and middle west have sen to the point where more oil can now be moved out thil can be made available at the present level of consumption Ickcs said these factors added up to some reasonably obvious conclusions as follows First we now have sufficient transportation to supply eastern slates with more gasoline than they have been getting Second if there were an un limited crude oil supply it might be possible to leave civilian gaso line consumption in the middle west and southwest at the present levels and still furnish more to the east But in the face of pres ent and impending limits to crude oil availability and in the face of our increasing military demand the only way that the wartime oil load can be borne fairly is to lake more of the petrolium products out of the middle west and south west instead of continuing lo take a disproportionate share out ot the east He said nil movement to the east ix now totaling a hoot 1400080 barrels a day equal In the normal peacetime move ment by ocean tankers f The administrator notified the unofficial congressional commU J ing in areas outsidethe severely restricted east Ickes said gasoline rations east of tho Rocky mountains would be equalized probably within a few weeks Washington reports Wed nesday were that the order would become effective Sept l Ickes spoke quickly and ner vously before about ISO persons m n hotel parlor Although there were many unfriendly o Ihe governments gasoline program among his auditors the senatorial committee investigating petroleum programs which had left Kansas City hopping macl Uedncsdav was t present at the opening First fireworks occurred when Senator Brooks demanded What percentage of our petrol eum products is going to ouiown righting men is going to all our fighting men on the allied side do know that a substantial amount is going to fighting men other than our own7 think theyre all fight ing for us I know the Chicago Tribune doesnt think so dont consider other fighting men nurs I consider them our nllie came here to and at 9 DROWNED IN FLASH FLOODS 7 Others Missing as Creek Rises Suddenly BUTTON W Va 4 persons were drowned u al least seven others were missing Thursday in a raging flash flood that swept through central West Virginia trapping many persons in their homes as they slept State Police Sgl L I Waush reported that the bodiesof Mrs Lydia Queen 38 and three of her children Martin 12 Robert 10 and Alma one year old had beeii recovered from OBrici Fork creek at Heaters 10 miles from Sutton Two other Queen children Phyllis 8 and Peggy 2 are min ing Waugh said he was informed thai fiva bodies had been recov ered at Copcn 20 miles from Sut ton but they were not officially identified Waush reported that Burns vide a Braxlon county town u H51 inhabitants wax entirely un der water and that hardly a single house had escaped inunda tion No deaths were reported there GERMAN LINE IN EASTERN SICILY IS TORN APART San Fratello on North Seacoast Is Already Menaced by By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA eighth army troops seized Catania early Thursday and swept around the base of lit Etna to the north west rapturing Paterno 10 miles away to crumble the German line on the cast toast of Sicily head quarters announced W Catania fell to the eighth army at a m a m central war time Thursday after a bitter defense since July 15 and the British pounded ahead in a lightning advance clockwise around the base of nit Etna The heart of the German army corps appeared to be broken Palerno is 10 miles northwest of Catania and it was assumed that i lUtiterbiauco three miles nortii I west of Catania also had been engulfed Cermm withdrawal of nones personnel from Sicily has Extensive Tattooing Marks Parole Violator BOISE Idaho he takes his clothes off the FBI said Thurs day Leo Lavernc 38 parole vio lator can be recognized easily On his body are tattooed A shield with an eagle two U S sailboat a risin Indian girl MIII a setting sun heart a rose I gin a Heart a rose a MionsjioMo liscn lo n speech j bird a spread eagle n bracelet a Buy War Savings Bonds and 1 crs tamps from your GlobeGazette I Manila P 1 and 1 1931 been in progress for the last five or six days it was learned au thoritatively The German defense road around Ml Etna was blasted apart by the British successes Thurs day and the next German line was expected to run from Taormina across the northeastern tip of the island lo the seacoast on the northeast behind San Fratello which already is menaced by U S seventh army troops This would mean abandonment of the whole Mt Etna area bv the axis V V The whole German left flank based on the heights of Mt Etna was iu grave danger from the British success achieved afier terrific and incessant combat since the giant allied offensive on the entire Sicilian front began on Sunday Pressed back from the western edge of Uie Catania plain and smothered under furious massed artillery barrage thai continued day and night the German line around bomb and firescarred Catnnia broke early Thursday Catania was taken despite strong enemy resistance a special communique said The allied advance continued all along the front headquarters said ns American Canadian and British troops drove the Germans back toward their last escape port ot Messina 35 miles north Ca tania and tremendous aerial and sea blows were hammered home in support of the great drive British warships rained shells upon the Taormina road and railway midway between Ca tania anil Messina Wednesday Kivinjf that exposed communi cation center what was believed ;