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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES B E ij rC I K j THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 5 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 255 NAZIS THUNDER TOWARD RED OIL F R TO FINISH CASE OF NAZIS IN 2 OR 3 DAYS President to Reveal Verdict Himself or Through Secretary WASHINGTON Roosevelt said Tuesday night that he expected to complete his re view the trial saboteurs within days eight nazi two or three To Investigate Black Market The president received the trial record and recommended sen tences from a military commission late Monday and has been work ing on it ever since He said that the announce ment as to the verdict and sen tence would be made either by him directly or through the White House Secretary Stephen T Early The president issued this state ment Under the order setting up the military commission the president was constituted as the reviewing authority in respect to the verdict of the commission I am now in the process of reviewing the evidence which is voluminous I will have finished within two or three days It was understood that the president in making his review was discussing the commissions report with various legal advis ers Asked If he had any com ment to make about public re action to the length of the trial the president said most press comment on the length of the trial had been good in that it painted out that this nation is at war The president said the people carry out the preservation of so ciety through legal means He added that the trial of the nazis had been a very serious case com ing in time of war and that it had been carried out through the American processes of justice And that takes time he added Show Goes on Despite Tragic Fire CLEVELAND Ring ling Brothers Barnum and Bailey circus carried on Tuesday night although 38 of its animals had just been burned to death or shot because they were hopelessly in jured Wednesday circus officials can vassed zoos for more animals and liggins Says Steel Firms et Premium believed that raffes could all be except the gi replaced The Voters Back Incumbents in Primaries By UNITED PRESS Attempts to remove from office con op ap a prewar isolationist and a gressman accused by his ponents of parently had failed Wednesday as the lightest vote in a decade was counted in Missouri Virginia Kansas and West Virginia party primaries Virginia voters rejected the ob structionism charge against Rep resentative Howard A Smith Virtually complete returns gave him a better than four to one lead over his democratic primary op ponent for a congressional seat Emmett C Davison former Alex andria mayor Despite accusations by his op ponents of prewar isolationism Representative Walter Plocser St Louis republican led six other contestants for the Missouri 12th district congressional nomination Primary races highlighted by national interest were the republican gu bernatorial race Andrew Schoep pl endorsed by Alt M Landon former presidential nominee led Lieut Gov Carl Friend 53694 to 46295 in returns from 2lfl6 of the states 2743 precincts U S Senator Clyde M Reed trailed with 34423 votes Veteran Senator Arthur Capper breezed into re nomination in the republican pri mary and former Senator George McGill of Wichita led in the dem ocratic senatorial primary W H Burke Little River stockman won the democratic gubernatorial nom ination How nrd A Smith and Representative Clifton A Woodrum appeared cer tain of retaining their congres sional seats with leads in the dem ocratic state primary led his near est opponent in the 12th congres sional district republican primary by a ratio of 7 to 3 on the basis of early returns He was the only member three republicans in the Missouri congressional dele gation to have opposition West Matthew M Neely led former Gov H Guy Kump by a wide margin in the democratic senatorial race on the batis of returns from about one fourth of the states precincts cages ruined when fire swept the menagerie tent Tuesday will be repaired and rebuilt Except for a few missing acts Tuesday nights performance went on as if nothing had happened Eleven thousand persons attended 3000 more than on the previous night The clowns were 5ust as funny the music was just as loud but on the circus grounds the trag edy one of the greatest that lias ever befallen a circus was ap parent Even as sideshow barkers chat tered rifles cracked putting badly burned animals out of theix misery Clowns trapeze artists and bareback riders wiped tears from their faces to enter the ring smiling Big John Sabo boss anima man stood among the charred cages some of which still held the carcasses beasts I feel rotten as hell he said I couldnt stand around and see them shot I knew every trick the could pull And they knew me He walked to a cage in which a panther face barnefl was licking his burned s J5abo shook his head and wiped the soot from his face He had made three trips into the flaming me nagerie tent to rescue animals Few circus people would tal about it A roustabout said dont want to talk I dont anything Ask the boss It was to damned horrible to talk about Injured animals stolidly endurei their wounds while the show wen on A zebra the only one left o nine zebras shuffled his hoove in a corner He had bleedingugl stripes across him A few ele phants swayed in their chains Th crimson welts on their hide gleamed phosphorescently in th semidarkness Frank Braden head of th circus publicity department sai there wasnt a dimes worth c insurance on the whole lot be cause the business is classed a extremely hazardous and so th rates are prohibitive Ten camels eight zebras two midget burros two giraffes two gnus three Indian deer four lions two tigers one puma and three elephants were burned to death or shot by police and sol diers from a nearby armory S NEW ORLEANS in estigations were promised Wed esday into made before congressional subcommittee here lat a black market in steel ex sted where immediate delivery made from bulging ware ouses scattered over the nation Price Administrator Leon Hen erson in Washington ordered an mmediate probe by the OPA of barges made Tuesday by Frank Higgins associated with his ather A J Higgins in shipbuild ig here that his company bought teel from such markets at higher iremiums Prior to Hendersons order President Roosevelt at a Wash ton press conference said he thought persons who sold steel in such markets should KG to jail and that the charges should be investigated The second investigation was promised by Representative Pet erson D chairman of the louse subcommittee investigating lie maritime commissions cancel ation last month of the A J Hig ins contract to built 200 Liberty ships because of an alleged stee shortage This matter of a steel black market will be fully investigated Peterson declared The committee planned to cai Frank Higgins In an executive ses ion to question him regarding steel warehouses with which he said his firm had bought stee rom a black steel market with bulging warehouses over the na tion We got the steel from ware houses all over the country Hig gins said They know even befor we do that well get certain con tracts and they send us lists o what well need to fill the con tracts They send us these lists be fore we know what contracts w will get A J Higgins said there was ni way of knowing what the prem him price of such steel would be adding that sometimes the bill car ried delivery charges or charge for wear and tear on tires I dont seewhat all the excite ment is about he asserted Ev eryone who knows anything abou steel or building knows of thi market and ot the fact that ware houses are bulging with stee which is sold in slightly less tha carlots at premium prices and th buyers priority rating used to re plenish the supply Frank Higgins told the commit tee there was nothing illegal the transaction Its legal profiteering but its a black as the ace of spades h said Adding that priority rating were needed but that immediat delivery was made whereas h said his company could not be sur of delivery on specific dates o war production board commi men Is Expect Presidents View of Gas Rubber Situation F D R Hopes to Send Message to Congress Thursday WASHINGTON is going over the petro eum and rubber situations and nay present his views to congress nd the nation by Thursday That probability arose Wednes ay in the wake of these develop ments 1 The president affirmed at his ress conference Tuesday that he vould veto a bill setting up a eparate government agency to make synthetic rubber from grain alcohol 2 The war production board vas reported considering as an alternative to nationwide gasoline a plan to limit automo ile driving in nonrationed areas by making a periodical check of ruIeages shown on speedometers 3 Price Administrator Leon Henderson described the eastern asoline shortage and the national rubber emergency as separate problems in no way connected and said the question of nation wide fuel rationing was so impor ant that a decision would be made only after careful analysis ot all he complex aspects of the situa n 4 The war production board was disclosed to have decided on nationwide rationing in most of the necessary forms al ready had been printed bu1 President Roosevelt intervened 5 An office of price adminis tration official who declined to be quoted by name said fuel oi rationing in the east was a dis tinct possibility Curtailment o gasoline deliveries as far west a the Mississippi was being consid ered he said to make more tank cars available for the Atlantic seaboards petroleum needs li Representative Hartley R N J declared in a radio tall that the synthetic rubber program had been delayed by incompe tence and mismanagement in the government agencies concernec and by selfish powerful private interests President Roosevelts v i c w were expected to be set forth a some length in the message whici he said he hoped to send to con gross by Thursday vetoing the grain alcohol agency At the same time the chief executive said h did not think anyone could maki an exposition of the rubber situ ation remarking there were mor experts on the subject than ther were varieties of pickles The speedometerchecking plan being considered by the WPB would call for the registration o every automobile outside the ra tioned east and the allocation o a specified number of miles t each driver through certificate of necessity The plan was sug gesled solely to save tires issues Order or DimOut of Pacific Coast SAN FRANCISCO vast military dimout blackening the acific shoreline from Canada to and dimming lights as far s 150 miles inland Wednesday rdered into effect Aug 20 as a irotection for shipping and coastal nstallations Only a few hours before the irdcr was made public it was lisclosed by the navy department n Washington and by survivors at ealtlc that a United States mer hant ship was sunk recently in he north Pacific with the loss of ight lives and that the attacking ap submarine machinegunned urvivors on life rafts As Blaze Swept Circus PROLETARSKAYA f V ASTRAKHAN TIKHORET The order greatly extending a voluntary dimout and making violations punishable was is sued by Lieut Gen J L De Witt commanding general of the western defense command to remain in effect for the wars duration It sounded the death knell of night baseball in the Pacific coast eague which has been playing all Jut weekend games under the lights Brilliantly lighted theater mar q u e e s illuminated advertising signs floodlighted buildings and all other outdoor bright spots in the restricted area will be turned off General Do Wills public procla mation declared that the present situation requires as a matter of military necessity that the area be dimmed to protect the coast from enemy submarines warships and planes Lights at night sil houette ships making them clearer targets for submarines They also serve as reflections in the sky to guide approaching en emy planes The army order supplants a voluntary d i mo u I instituted months ago by the office of civ ilian defense It provides for criminal prosecution and exclu sion of any violator from the western defense command area Ouldoor ground lighting was limited to one foot candlepower at any point This will ban night baseball or football President W C Tuttle of the Pacific Coast league whose eight AAA clubs are all within the zone of re stricted lighting indicated the league would switch from night ball to twilight games James C Sheppard regional of fice of civilian defense director heading up a civilian defense board for the ninth region which will enforce the dirnoul regula tion emphasized no element of martial law is involved Heavy black lino running from Kletskaya in the Don river bend before Stalingrad south to the Caucasus may become a new Russian defense line it was indicated Ger man claims ol capture of Vorosliilovsk made it appear that the Caucasus front has changed from a southwestto northcast line and has become virtually a northsouth line The broken lines mark the original Don river front and the front after the German breakthrough along the lower Don EXPECT WOMEN TO BE GALLED FOR WAR WORK Machinery for New Registration May Be Put in Bill WASHINGTON W Machin ery for a nationwide occupational registration of women with a view to cataloguing the countrys total adult resources may be in cluded in wrr service legislation now being drawn for consideration by congress creditable sources said Wednesday German Planes Machinegun Reykjavik REYKJAVIK Iceland German warplanes flew over United States protected Iceland Tuesday and Wednesday and ma chinegunned a lighthouse in the northwestern section of the is land the U S army announced Wednesday The machinegunning was car ried out early Tuesday when a single German plane was sighted No damage was caused and there Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy The bodies of three dead camels are seen here as circusmen survey the damage in the snicking ruins of the huge menagerie tent of the Ringling BrothersBarnum and Bailey circus just after it was swept by a sudden blaze Although 38 animals were lost the show went on Tuesday night as usual Many of the animals succumbed in the fire and many I were so badJy burned they had to be destroyed Council Bluffs Plant Halted by Strike COUNCIL BLUFFS ations at the Blue Star produce plant were virtually at a standstill Tuesday as the result of a strike by about 100 affiliated wilii the poultry workers local union of the A F of L Carl E Johnson attorney for the company said We do not feel that at the present time we should be asked to enter into a unionship or closed shop agreement with any organization CHUTISTS AIR BORNE TANKS IN FIERCE BATTLE Soviet Dispatches Deny German Advance Far to the South By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor German mechanized columns thundered deeper into the Cau casus Wednesday on the road to Russias vast oil treasures and hundreds nazi parachute troops and even small airborne tanks were reported landing behind the lines in an attempt to paralyze soviet communications German military dispatches said Adolf Hitlers SS elite guard troops had captured Kropotkin 12n miles hclow Rostov on the railroad and oil pipeline from Ihe Caspian sea and had reached the Kuban river along a GOmile Iront The nazis said axis troops were continuing pursuit of defeated Russians on a broad front if Soviet dispatches slill declared that the main struggle was raging far to the north of Kro Iiotkin and gave no inkling that the nazis had advanced so far to the south V Red Fleet tile soviet navy newspaper said Russian warships in the Sea of Azov were shelling German troop columns and frus trating nazi attempts to move sea borne reinforcements into the bat tle south ot Rostov Red navy guns were credited with sinking an un disclosed number oC German ships A German spokesman declared that the position of the Russian sea fleet was constantly more endangered and thatabout 70 small red navy gunboat and motor torpedo boats in the Don river es tuary had been rendered home were no casualties were dropped Early Wednesday No bombs a German Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Not much change in tem perature Wednesday and Wed nesday evening Scattered show ers extreme south and extreme west portions late Wednesday afternoon or evening MINNESOTA Not much change in temperature Wednesday or Wednesday evening except war mer nearLake Superior Wed nesday thunder extreme west portion Wednes day and west and north portions Wednesday evening IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday Rl Minimum Tuesday 57 At 8 a m Wednesday 6i YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 64 Precipitation OD Scattered showers or storms northwest and A manpower commission spokesman who wished to remain anonymous estimated one o every three or four housewives between IB and 44 may be necdec to attain full war production Paul V McNutt manpowci chief has estimated that aroum 5000000 more women must be placed in jobs by the end of 1B43 Of the 53300000 persons now employed according to w o r k s projects administration reports 13900000 are women Of the 1 700000 persons given jobs from May to June the WPA said 700000 were 10 per cent A registration of women over 18 in the Detroitarea will be con ducted next week and possibly will serve as a model for a na tionwide count if Ihe manpower commission and congress decide one is necessary The Detroit registration spon sored by the war production board and the United States employment service is expected lo provide a worker reservoir thai can be lapped when all available men ol the area are put lo work Of the G50000 women in the Detroit environs the registration sponsors predict that 80000 will be needed in war plants by Novem ber with additional thousands to be called upon in 1943 Registration cards will be de livered to homes and apartments in the area by mail carriers The cards to be filled out and re turnedwithin 48 hours will ask each registrant a m o n y other things is she is available for worl cither full or part time the types of work preferred and whether if she is a mother she will ac cept work if nursery school care is provided for her children McNutt rccenlly reported that a survey of occupations in 21 key war industries indicated that BO per cent of the jobs could be done by women Employment of thousands more mothers in war industries now is being made possible by estab lishment of new war nursery schools for which the WPA is expending a minimum of SG000 000 throughout the country plane was sighted over the south eastern part of the island German planes presumably coming from bases in northern Norway GOO miles away have been increasingly active around Iceland where the United States took over the major portion of the allied defenses from the British last winter The machinegun attack was the second actual assault on in stallations the first being an in effectual bombing in Ihe southern part of the island far removed from Reykjavik several days ago U S General ReachesMoscow MOSCOW Gen Fol leH Bradley former commander of the first nir force United States eastern defense command his ar rived in Moscow on a special mis sion to intensify Americnn aid to Russia it was announced Wed nesday Bringing a letter from President Roosevelt to Premier Stalin the general reached Moscow Tuesday night piloting his own United State B24 bomber His trip by air from Washington took ten days I am here lo facilitate any possible way lo make aid to sia more effective he said The general 52 is a native of Nebraska He said e red fleet was evi dently seeking refuge in flight from the Sea of Azov but the Strait of Kerch has already become a dangerous route for escape which can only be utilized at night with any hope of success Italian torpedo boats were crcditcii with sinking a fi 500 ton soviet cruiser in Ihe Black sea The advance of German and allied troops in the western fore Innd of the Caucasus continues un interruptedly in two main columns along the coast of the Sea oC and via Vorosliilovsk the nazis said In pursuit fighting on the coast of the Sea of Azov the German advance continues on a wide front Dispatches to Red Star said Ger man chutists were dropping from the skies in groups of 100 to ISO armed with mine throwers and automatic rifles Red Star said the acrin invaders were nUcmptmK to seize railway stations or other key objectives iiid hold on until motorized land reinforcements arrived Overnight the situation ap peared to have taken a sharp turn for the worse alotjR thn whole rCOmilc DonCaucasus front with the Russians ac knowledging withdrawals in i three main sectors despite hloody losscs inflicted on the nazis Plan to Expand Plant at Des Moines WASHINGTON war de partment announced Wednesday it had authorized the expansion of a manufacturing plant in Polk county Iowa at a cost of more than 32000000 under supervision of the OmahaNebraska district engineer No contracts for this project were announced Pups to be sold Friday and Saturday Soiled articles odds and ends remnants broken sizes this seasons merchandise and oth er slowmoving items Mer chants call them pups and theyre yoing to chase them out of their stores Friday and Saturday Mason City Dog Days To know what stores have pups for sale read the Dog Days advertisements in the GlobeGazette A midday bulletin from soviet headquarters conceded that the Germans sending waves or 50 lo GO tanks smashing into red army defenses had broken through in hc Belaya Glina scclor 40 miles southwest of nnzicapturccl Saisk in a drive threatening lo trap Rus sian forces below Rostov In the Belaya Glina sector our troops fought a heavy engagement enemy tanks and motorized units which had broken through the soviet command reported Our troops withdrew to new defensive positions Other Russian withdrawals were acknowledged in the Tsimlyansk sector 120 miles up the Don river from Rostov and in the important Klctskayn sector 80 miles north west of Stalingrad A Vichy French broadcast re ported that German advance troops striking tar ahead of the main nazi armies had penetrated to within 13 miles of Amavir key junction on the rail line to the Maikop and Baku oil fields Amavir lies 40 miles west of j Voroshilovsk which the Germans reported they had captured Tues day If true this would mean that the invaders were in a position to bottle up sizeable Russian forces defending thr vesi side of Ihe Caucasus landbridge to the middle casl ;