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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII CENTS COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 258 Fight Dust and Floods Both Considered in Connection With Drought EDITORS NOTE This is the third and concluding article by Mr Stewart on plans of the Re settlement Administration in the drought crisis By CHARLES P STEWART PA3HINGTON to deal with drought and dust storms on the one hand and how to deal with floods on the opposite hand may seem like entirely different problems Neverthel ess the federal Re settlement ad min istration views them as practically iden tical It doesnt con sider them solva ble offhand bow ever It speaks of what has been done as only a drop in the bucket j Drought floods and dust j says M E Gilfond who directs Resettlements publicity activities have brought home to j every American the pressing need of not only relieving emergency farm distress but also of getting at j the basic causes of the disasters which strike our farms time and i Resettlement points out that each year thousands of acres of once fertile land are ruined by win1 and rain erosion Poverty and suf fering in farm regions are as se vere as in any city slum To deal constructively with the problems of land and rural dis continues Publicity Director Gilfond the Resettlement admin istration was established on April 30 I FourPoint Program I ARTILLERY SHELLS WHINE By its fourpoint program it set j out ll To purchase wornout and misused and and convert it into REBELS SEEK PORT ON SEACOAST NEED AVENUE TO Rains Ease Drought in Most of Iowa More Seen GET SUPPLIES IN THEIR CIVIL WAR Reported Killed and Wounded in Spanish Stnfe SPANISH AT A GLANCE By the Associated Press Rebels open attack in north to obtain access to sea Tangier hears more insurgent troops are ready to sail from Spanish Morocco under an air plane convoy for the peninsula French leftists reported stream ing into Spain to enlist with loyalists More American refugees reach sanctuary in France Leftist government reports fresh military successes Rebel radio report interpreted in Madrid as picturing rebels plight as desperate Red Cross estimates killed more than wound ed in civil war Frances proposed 3 power non intervention pact extended to other European capitals Madrid police arrest more than 600 fascists and monarchists Government starts bombard ment of rebels behind Oyarzun French border guards report Prince Juan of Asturias heir pre sumptive to nonexistent Spanish throne was rebuffed by Pamp lona rebels Warriors of Ethiopia in Big Advance PORT SAID Egypt imru Ethiopian commander in the northwest was authoritatively re ported Wednesday advancing on the cities of Dessye and Addis Ababa with warriors The Ethiopian columns were said to be advancing from the west in the general direction of the capital and the principal city on the north ern end of the mountain road lead ing to Addis Ababa Many Italian outposts were re ported to have been destroyed dur ing the Ethiopian advance Crack Shots of Mason City Police Department forest land grazing ranges or parks so that the land may be again proper 21 To make loans or outright grants of money to destitute farm ers whose land is good but who are too burdened by debts or dis aster to support i3i To assist in the resettling of farm families stranded on poor land which will not yield them liv ings under the best circumstances but have not the means to move Or 4 to build model suburban communities as a demonstration of the way in which city families with moderate incomes can obtain good housing at low cost and pro vide ready markets for neighbor ing farmers Already Accomplished In other explains Pub licity Director Gilfond resettle ment has a program of rehabilita ting rural families of procuring a reduction in farm debts and of bringing about a better adjustment between land and Already as shown by resettle ment records this program has resulted in sweeping measures for better land use and a preat amount of emergency aid Loans totaling have AND BOOM IN FAR NORTH By The Associated Press The deadly whine and boom of artillery shells in tne far north of Spain Wednesday betokened a sav age effort by insurrectionists to open a sea gateway through which they could obtain supplies for their war against Madrids leftist govern ment Rebel troops launched an attack against Tolosa south of the Bay of Biscay summer resort of San Seb astian determined to wipe out the loyalist forces who have clung ten aciously to their strongholds along that seaboard In a companion move other in surgent troops began an offensive intended to reach Gijon The rebel strategy was represented as to con verge on San Sebastian with two columns one through Tolosa and the other by way of Renteria Fear European War Meantime on a diplomatic front harried by thoughts of another Eur opean war France decided to com municate its appeal for noninter vention in Spain to most of the major European powers to thwart any incident which might provoke a general Premier Mussolini of Italy has yet to reply to the French request for a nonintervention accord In token of the nervousness in diplomatic circles over the bcen made plus outright grants of Under the policy of proper ities of the French for eign office was disturbed by reports land that a German freighter had been utilization acres of worn out and eroded land have been op tioned while actually have been purchased On the various projects for land development and construction more endangered during a Spanish gov ernment bombardment of a Moroc can community To back up its appeal for a gen eral hands off attitude among Eur opean nations Leon Blums social ist government provided an alter than men from relief rolls are at work and 131 projects for the resettlement of stranded farm families are completed or underway plans call for the resettle ment of families Enormous j prey to erosion while the menace of It still is hard to agrees floods is greatly increased Resettlement administration native to nonintervention in more than a dozen private planes which were ready to take off for Madrid as aid to the leftist regime A word the that the task of conserving our land is an enormous one and that tremendous damage already has been done to our national resources So rich was America when first settled that the lands seemed inex haustible This very richness con tributed to ruin As settlement swept across the Mississippi and past the prairies out into the Great Plains waste seemed unimportant If land failed the settler in one place he moved farther westward Surely no one was to blame The job of bringing a continent under civilization could not wait for care ful studies of land Necessary to Conserve warn the Resettlement folk there are no new lands and we must conserve what we have It has been estimated that already farms covering about acres cannot be operated profitably Farmers have been forced to at tempt the growing of crops on cut over forest lands where the soil is too thin and rocky to grow any thing but trees Stripped of protec The western plains were broken to the plow for wheat but when the covering of tough grass was gone the fertile top soil in many places was blown away Dust storms fol lowed burying the hard work of thousands of families With no grass to store moisture drought threatens to turn the Great Plains into a Reclamation of Land Resettlements program calls for the purchase and reclamation of tive forests this land is an these wornout and misused lands Cutover forests are planted to timber Eroded plains are returned to cattle Recreational facilities are increased by the restoration of parks and wild life sanctuaries Resettlement holds options now upon unproductive acres for purposes of conservation In all 140 land development projects are under way or completed It is ex pected that acres will be purchased From these retired agricultural acres many families of course will have to be moved Findinghomes for them under better conditions is recognized as an essential part of easy j Resettlements from the government can release them to Spanish ownership Germany Is Silent The German response to Frances appeal for international amity in view of the Spanish crisis was des cribed in Paris as one of complete silence Great Britain however showed confidence a seven power accord would be formed quickly in a good will front to preserve strict neu trality Advices received in Tangier in the international zone of North Africa said an insurgent army to bolster Moroccan troops already on the Spanish peninsula was ready for the trip northward in three ships to be convoyed by 15 air planes Bayonne France heard that a food shortage in the northern Spain area held by the rebels had put the civilian population on rations An uncensored dispatch flown from Madrid to London pictured the Spanish nation as standing be tween the danger of a fascist dic tatorship of terror and a leftist re gime run riot in victory French Join Loyalists Four American refugees from Spains northern coast reached Sain Jean de Luz France aboard the coastguard cutter Cayuga Am bassador Claude G Bowers float ing French leftists were reported streaming into Spain on specia trains to join the loyalist forces Reports of fresh successes by lib eral arms punctuated Spains civil war Wednesday as Red Cross offi cials estimated persons had been killed in the most savage politicalmilitary upheaval in Span ish history Inspired by military successes in the Guadarrama mountains the gov ernrnent insisted it had inflicted a decisive defeat on a rebel column near Avila The Red Cross estimated that those wounded in the Spanish fratri cidal fighting exceeded Fascists Wear Swastika Spanish fascist walked the streets of Tetuan Spanish Morocco wearing swastika armbands given them by the officers of two German warships which Tuesday paid cour tesy calls to the North African coast Prince Juan of the Asturias heir Sergt Leo Allstot left instructor of the school of marksmanship of the Mason City police department is explaining to this group of offi cers the use of the submachine gun High powered rifles sawedoff shotguns a gas gun and gas equipment are shown on the table Sergeant Allstot instructs this group of crack shots in the use of this equipment as well as the 38 caliber revolver Reading from left to right the officers are Sergt Leo Allstot instructor Charles E VanHorn John G Hrubetz Ernest N Wood William Bruns Ralph Schiffman Harvey G Fitzgerald Max H Studer Richard R Pierce Capt Leo F Risacher Kay Johnson Glenn D Haniblin and Edward Dunton Photo by Lock Engraving by Kayenay STORY ON PAGE J6 presumptive to Spanish throne the was nonexistent on a secret mission along Frances Basque road Frontier guards said he had just re turned from a conference with reb els at Pamplona The guards said the prince was told the rebels did not want to be connected with any possible move ment pointing toward restoration of the monarchy in Spain DOG SLEEPS AT MURDER TRIAL Idaho Takes Morning Nap as Owner Testifies Mongrel Is Only Playful BROCKPORT N half grown mongrel pup fell sound asleep Wednesday at his trial for life for the drowning of a boy swim IOWANS CALL ON ALF M LANDON Dickinson Halden Wilson Say State Not in Bag for Jim TOPEKA presi dential campaign outlook in Michi ganand Iowa was reviewed by Gov Alf M Landon Wednesday in con ferences with republican leaders from those states Gov Frank D Fitzgerald of Mich igan invited the republican nominee to visit his state on a fall campaign swing I am not here to say that Michi gan is overwhelmingly Fitzgerald told reporters before his conference with Landon But we have a good chance of carrying the state through good clean construc tive Senator L J Dickinson seeking reelection Berry Halden republi can nominee for the unexpired term of the late Senator Louis Murphy George Wilson republican candidate for the governorship discussed Iowa politics with Landon Drift Toward Landon I think there is a real drift to ward Dickinson said but j there still is a real fight ahead We have the best republican organiza tion in Iowa in years and a harmo nious ticket from top to At his press conference Landon said the exact dates and itinerary of his first eastern campaign swing Pendergast Organization Missouri Primary Victor Townsendites in Kansas Virginia Backs New Deal PRIMARIES IN BRIEF By The Associated Press ST Lloyd C Stark backed by the Tom Pender gast organization apparently won the democratic nomination for governor in Tuesdays primary Republicans chose Jesse W Bar rett former state attorney gen eral to oppose him TOPEKA Ar thur Capper republican seeking his fourth term in the senate and Omar Ketchum seeking the dem o c r a t i c senatorial nomination were apparently successful All Townsendites except one trailed in primary contests RICHMOND Hamilton new dealer defeated Representative Colgate D a r d e n for the democratic congressional nomination Representative An drew Jackson Montague demo crat won renomination over Dave E Sattcrficld Jr CAPPER RENOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM IN SENATE By the Associated Press A victory for the Pendergast or ganization in Missouri and a set back for Townsend old age pension 1110 CdOLCIU late this month were not yet ready I supporters m Gov Alf M Landon s for announcement A departure home state of Kansas Wednesday mer After an exciting halfhour fac jammed Brockports little village iall the trial bored Idaho and he proceeded to take a morning nap Previously however Idaho had yelped in gleeful recognition when ils 22 year old master Victor For tune took the stand They had been separated during Idahos stay in a Rochester kennel for observation While Idaho dozed the defense went on uninterrupted Young Fortune testified he had been swimming with Idaho many times I never found him anything but he insisted from Topeka for West Middlesex around Aug 20 has been fore cast in republican quarters Chau tauqua and Buffalo N are the other speaking places Dickinson said that in the Iowa campaign We are stressing im ports in competition with the Iowa Not in the I think there is a keen reaction against crop he said You see imported meats on the store shelves Argentine corn for eign oats and Canadian wheat in the mills This illustrates to the farmer that he cannot curtail his own production without turning the market over to foreign Halden said1 the Iowa republican j campaign will be the most aggres sive in years and that the state is not in the bag for Jim We expect to make this a repub lican Wilson added Clutier Youth and Girl Dead in Crash CLUTIER Kosnar 17 and Milo Konicek 20 both of Clutier died as the result of an ac cident which occurred Tuesday at p m on highway No 21 near Belle Plaine when a truck driven by Homer Kepler of Elberpn side swiped the Konicek car Miss Kos nar died instantly and Konicek at a m Wednesday in a Belle Plaine hospital Two other Clutier young people June Husak and Rober Hober escaped without who bespoke strong support for the I ous injury Roosevelt administration and criti were indicated by late returns from primaries there In Kansas Senator Capper vet eran republican seeking a fourth term apparently was sure of op posing Omar Ketchum democratic nominee for governor in 1934 in November for a senate seat Town send indorsed candidates were trail ing in the democratic senatorial and gubernatorial races With precincts out of j counted Capper had votes and with the ballots cast for his two opponents brought the republi can vote in the Kansas senatorial primary to Ketchum had and with his three opponents brought the democratic senatorial vote to Stark and Barrett In Missouri where principal in terest centered on the gubernatorial contest Major Lloyd C Stark fa vored by the Tom Pendergast or ganization of Kansas City was vir tually assured of the democratic nomination Jesse W Barrett ap peared assured of the republican nomination Barrett hit at what he called Pendergast machine poli tics in his primary campaign The democratic gubernatorial vote with less than 325 of Mis souris precincts still out to taled The republican gu bernatorial vote from pre cincts totaled Hamilton In Virginia In Tuesdays primary in Virginia there was considerable interest in the apparent victory of Norman Hamilton Portsmouth publisher LOOK INSIDE KING GEORGE II Greece Under Martial Law and Dictatorship ON PAGE 2 Celebration Series in North Iowa Is Started ON PAGE 8 Owens Wins His Third Olympic Championship ON PAGE 9 Register New Cars in Seven Months Period ON PAGE 16 SUSPENSION OF UNIONS LIKELY Labor Council Expected to Rule Out Groups Allied With Lewis WASHINGTON a talk with William Green president of the American Federation of Labor David Dubinsky president of the Ladies Garment Workers told re porters Wednesday he expected the federation executive council to sus pend the union affiliated with the committee for industrial organiza tion The council met Wednesday to decide what action to take on charges by John P Prey president of the federation metal trades de partment that the unions affiliated xvith John L Lewis and the com mittee for industrial organizations had fomented insurrection by working for industrial unions as op posed to craft unions favored by the federation Dubinsky the only council mem ber who also belongs to the Lewis committee said he would protest suspension for all Im Wallace to Speak at Council Bluffs 100th Birthday Celebration COUNCIL BLUFFS tary of Agriculture Henry Wallace will be the principal speaker at the Agriculture day of the centennial celebration here Tuesday Aug 11 it was announced Wednesday Wallace will speak at 2 p m in a downtown park His subject has not been announced Agriculture day is part of a four day celebration which starts here Sunday in observance of this citys one hundredth birthday DES MOINES HAS OVER INCH MOST SINCE JUNE 6TH Reed Says Crop Loss for State to Approximate That of 1894 DES MOINES eas ing rain measuring more than an inch at some points fell over most of Iowa Tuesday night and Wednes day morning and the forecast called for more rain from the cooling clouds which blanketed all the state except the extreme northwest por tion Wednesday Des Moines measured inches of moisture the heaviest rainfall since June 6 Creaton reported inches Davenport 68 Council Bluffs 38 Charles City 02 Keo kuk 06 It continued raining gently at Des Moines Keokuk Davenport and Dubuque Wednesday morning Heaviest rainfall the weather bu reau pointed out was in south and west Iowa the portion of the state most severely damaged by the heat and drought Reports of Rainfall Other rainfall reports included Oskaloosa Knoxville Tracy Winterset Van Meter Indianola Lamoni 25 Albia 84 Burlington 69 Ce dar Rapids 21 and Iowa City 88 Albia reported Tuesdays high temperature 91 Inwood the early morning low of 53 Weather bureau records disclosed Wednesday that Iowa averaged only 43 of an inch of rain or 12 per cent of normal during July the driest month ia 65 years In addition the otal average rainfall from April 1 to July 31 was inches also the east record The average number of 100 degree or higher days during the month was compared with 9 in July 1934 Above Normal 10 Times C D Reed government meteorol ogist also pointed out that during he last 63 years July has averaged degres or more above normal on 10 occasions In nine out of 10 of these said the following August has averaged drier than normal And he seven hottest Julys heretofore have been followed by an August manner than He added however that the rec irds indicate that hot summers us ually are followed by more than he usual amount of rain in Septem ber cized Senators Byrd and Glass By an unofficial margin of less than 200 votes he defeated Representa tive Darden who was seeking a third term Late returns from Kentuckys primary last week gave the demo cratic senatorial nomination to Sen ator Logan on the basis of unofficial returns He will be opposed in No vember by Robert H Lucas former executive director of the republican national committee Russias Lindbergh and Young Navigator Take Off for Moscow SAN PEDRO mund Levanevsky known as Rus sias and Victor Lev chenko bis young navigator took off Wednesday at p m Cen tral Standard Time enroute to Moscow via Alaska Their first scheduled stop was to be made on San Francisco bay FORECAST JOWA Fair in northwest por tions mostly cloudy in the south and east portions Rain probably in east and southcentral areas Wednesday njglit and Thursday Little change in temperature MINNESOTA Partly cloudy to cloudy rain probably in southeast portion Wednesday night and Thursday not much change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday Minimum in Night At 8 A M Wednesday Mason City was missed by 89 61 68 the light showers which visited some other sections of Iowa Tuesday aft ernoon Wednesday a heavy blanket of haze said to be smoke from Minnesota forest fires partially ob scured the sun RECORD SHORT ORN CROP OF 1894 DES MOINES D leed federal meteorologist said in is official crop report Wednesday Iowa now faces a corn disaster far urpassing 1934 and about equalling 894 which holds the record for a hort crop The weather and crop expert did not estimate the potential total yield for the present year pointing oui the official government report would be made Aug 10 His records however showed the 1894 yield was bushels The only saving point Reed could see in comparing this year of drought with 1894 was that the to tal acreage of the 1936 crop is about 26 per cent greater than it was in 1894 when the average yield an acre was 12 bushels Cut in Half Reed estimated the potential crop July 1 at 419 million bushels Last week he said it was more than cut in half Wednesdays report said in many southern and western counties the bulk of the corn has fired so much that the entire plant is dead Thirty three of the states 99 counties al ready have been designated for pri mary federal drought relief The worst counties are aa bad or worse than the worst in Reed said In the best eastern counties many fields look like good corn from the road but careful inspection shows that the bulk of the stalks bear no Little Good The meteorologist later com mented that reports on the rainfall over the state Tuesday night and Wednesday indicated it would not be of much agricultural import ance except in southern not much there because most of the crop in that area is damaged be yond recovery In an area of about nine coun ties centeringon Warren county exceeded this will the amount of rainfall an he said But only retard the progress of damagt ;