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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 4, 1950, Mason City, Iowa 4 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED fOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY DOLLAR DAYS Thursday Friday and Saturday VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 4 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No 256 Check Red Advance by Counter Attack Army To Col I 62000 Men From Reserve 5th Corps Area Including Iowa To Take 18406 Washington army an nounced Friday it will call out 62000 individual reservists during September and October with or without their consent for 21 months of duty They will come from a pool of about 185000 enlisted male re who are not members of organized reserve corps units They will be used primarily to bring the national guard and or ganized reserve units to full strength The group to be called out con sists only of enlisted men not officers The first 32000 will be in camp by September 15 the remainder by the middle of October the armys announcement said Those called first will be be tween 19 and 25 years old Priority will be determined by the number of dependents Those with no dependents are to be called 1st those with one de pendent 2nd and those with more than one dependent later on Not In Units This was the first time the army has called up enlisted reserves who are not in units About 116000 reservists who are in units and whose units have not yet been called out are ex empt from the SeptemberOcto ber call Evidently it is planned to call them out as units Most of the enlisted reserves are veterans of World war II The army said that those members serving reserve enlistments for 3 to 6 years under the terms of the selective service act 6f 1948 will toe subject to call on the same as all other reserves This group which is part of the 185 000man pool includes men who served on active duty for less than 3 years after the war and then reverted to reserve status From AH Parts The reserves will come from all parts of the nation Quotas for army areas which are about in proportion to the total strength of the enlisted reserve corps in those areas are as follows First army New York Maine Vermont New Hampshire Massa chusetts Connecticut Rhode Island New Jersey 9416 Second army Maryland Penn sylvania Ohio Virginia West Vir ginia Delaware Kentucky 13012 Third army Georgia Tennes see North Carolina South Caro lina Alabama Mississippi Flori da 5487 Fourth army Texas Louisiana Arkansas Oklahoma New Mex AP Wlrephoto WRITES AS HE RESTS AFTER RETURN FROM THE after a long stretch at the Korean front Pfc Lee Brewer Wheeling W Va manages enough en ergy to write his 1st letter home in 3 weeks Brewer cocks his legs up on the hood of his machine gunmounted jeep in a rest area as he writes Army Has NewMrs Abraham Elected Head of Auxiliary 6230 Fifth army Illinois Indiana Michigan Wisconsin Missouri Jowa Minnesota North Dakota South DakotaNebraska Kansas Colorado Wyoming 18406 Sixth army California Mon tana Idaho Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona 9449 Reservists first will be selected tentatively and ordered to their nearest medical facility for physi cal examination Then they will an return to their homes and be or dered to active duty from there if their physical condition has been found satisfactory They will be given 21 days from the date of receipt of their orders to settle personal affairs before reporting to training divisions or reception centers Yardstick tor Deferments By DAYTON MOORE Washington UR The armed forces had a new yardstick Friday for granting deferments to reserv ists and national master list of 48 critical jobs and 72 essential industries The defense department which forwarded the list to officers of the army navy and air force de clined to speculate on how many men would be affected It ap peared that this would depend upon the judgment of individual military officers In issuing the list Thursday night Defense Secretary Louis Johnson said he wanted to set up some standards for excusing from active least temporarily men in civilian jobs es sential to activities critically neces sary to the maintenance of the national health safety or interest The master list compiled for Johnson by the labor and com merce departments was composed of 2 a list of 48 es sential occupations and the other a list of 72 essential activities The job list compiled by the la bor department ranged from agronomists to tool and die makers and included engineers doctors dentists nurses physicists air plane and engine mechanics boil ermakers machinists and iron and steel rollers Covers Industry The commerce departments es sential activities list appeared to cover the majority of the nations industry and commerce An of ficial said it was made broad enough to include any industrial or business activity that might be remotely related to a war effort But it was so comprehensive that it appeared doubtful if it would be very useful even as a guide The essential eluded ordnance Des Moines Frank P Abraham department welfare chairman of Mt Pleasant Friday was elected president of the Iowa American Legion auxiliary The auxiliary held its elections here Friday in connection with its state convention Named vice presidents were Mrs Ruby Floerchinger of Neola Mrs Helen Haluska Albia and Mrs Edith Young Marshalltown Blanche Allbee Des Moines was reelected secretarytreasurer Mrs Bess Fye of Cresco was elected historian and Mrs Lucile Monk of Sheldon chaplain Mrs Abraham wife of a Henry county farmer won 1242 delegate votes out of a possible 1959 de feating Mrs R J Williams of Marion A former high school teacher Mrs Abraham lives on a farm that has been in her husbands family since the beginning of Iowas statehood She was a member of the de partments child welfare commit tee for the last 3 years and 1949 1950 chairman At the closing session Mrs Ralph D Jacobson outgoing pres ident appointed Mrs Oscar Jewell of Mason City as page to the na tional convention in Los Angeles next October Hickenlooper Flying to Lake Celebration The senior U S senator Bourke B Hickenlooper is flying out from Washington Friday to at tend the annual stag party of the Association for the Preservation of Clear Lake which ushers in the Governors Days celebration The senator will be on hand at 6 p m when the stag party turns at Clear Lake state park to tables loaded with a harvest sup per of fried chicken and corn on the cob he informed Charles E Strickland chairman of the event Goodwin to Appear Robert Goodwin state G O P chairman and several members of his committee as well as most of the members of the governors of ficial family also will attend the stag Gov William S Beardsley will not arrive at Clear Lake until Saturday however He was at Fort Leonard Wood Mo Friday in specting Iowas national guards men encamped there The annual sailboat regatta gets under way at 10 a m Saturday with races again at p m and Sunday at 2 p m Governor Beardsley arrives by boat at the city dock at p m to be escorted to the speakers platform where he will receive the key to the city from Mayor W H Ward Gives Brief Talk After a brief talk the governor will spend the afternoon meeting the public and visiting with friends Motorboat races are scheduled at 3 p m Saturday The gover nors banquet is at 6 p m at the All Veterans Social Center Gov Beardsley will be the speaker The evening program of aquatic sports and exhibitions gets under way at 8 with a Venetian Nights parade of beauty contestants the winner to be crowned by the governor The governors ball at the Surf at 10 p m ends the days festivities Sundays program includes a boat ride and breakfast at P M park for the honored guests a community church service in City park at 11 a m and auto and sailboat races during the after noon KOREA SEOUL SOUTH KOREA industries in food tobacco McMahon Confirms HBomb Contract Washington Mc Mahon DConn confirmed Fri day that a contract is being nego tiated with the Du Pont company of Wilmington Del for work on the hydrogen bomb In a guarded statement earlier this week the atomic energy com mission hinted as much but did not specifically say negotiations were under way McMahon who is chairman of the senatehouse atomic energy committee made his statement to reporters after a closed meeting of textiles excluding lace clothing lumber furniture paper printing and publishing chem icals rubber metals machinery aircraft motor vehicles and rail road equipment Nonmanufacturing essential activities included farming fish eries mining oil production con struction railroads trucking all types of transportation radio and wire communications utilities most wholesale and retail trade banking garages and service sta tions automobile dealers personal services radio broadcasting and motion pictures Newspapers and news syndi cates were covered under publish ing Johnson directed the services to make deferments on the basis of whether the reserve holds one of the listed essential jobs or a key position in an essential activities Another condition of deferment is lack of an adequate replacement A defense spokesman said the military did not have to follow the list in granting deferments The services could refuse to defer a reserve regardless of his civilian job if he were needed badly 6 Months Maximum Six months is the maximum period of an initial deferment It Printing Contract Awarded to Klipto The Klipto Loose Leaf company of MasonCity Friday was awarded a contract by the state printing board for paper supplies and printing of 7500 copies of an edu cational directory for the depart ment of public instruction The contract was for Other contracts awarded in cluded The Mercer Printing company Iowa City 1100 copies monthly of Iowa Transit publication of the University of Iowa college of engineering The Tribune Publishing com pany Ames manual of uniform traffic control signs for the state highway commission Soviet Peace7 Proposal Asks Withdrawal Lake Success Fri day demanded the immediate withdrawal of Unied States and all other foreign troops from Ko rean soil as part of a twopoint soviet peace proposal It asked the security council to hear both the North and South Koreans and threatened to exercise its veto power unless the council hears the North Koreans A soviet resolution was laid be fore the 11nation security coun cil by Jakob A Malik as a counter to a United States proposal de signed to prevent the spread to the fighting to other areas The issue Malik said is whether the security council will adopt a decision for peace or for AP Wirepholo WHERE BATTLE RAGES WEST OF arrows indicate where U S and South Korean forces have dug in along new defense line against attacking North Ko reans dark Heaviest fighting was in the south in the Wonbung area where reds are pouring in replacements in effort to reach Pusan main supply port In central sector the communists have reached the Naktong river line and have fired on 1st cavalry division patrols in the Taegu area On the northern part of the front the South Koreans are in contact with the enemy Believes Ignorance of Red Leaders Is Biggest Threat that group with Crawford Green wait president of the DuPont Co McMahon said he expects the contract to be initialed within the next two weeks and that it would provide for reimbursement of the company for its costs plus a fee of The senator told reporters no decision has been reached on where the plants will be situated Previously his committee an then will come up for review with a stricter application of stand ards To get a deferment each re serve guardsmen or his employer must apply it after the call to active duty is received The policy does not affect draft ees Local draft boards may defer induction for essential occupations but they do not now have any lists of such jobs Such lists were Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with little change in temperature through Saturday Brief show ers Friday night and Saturday South to southeasterly winds Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 60 High Saturday 82 Iowa Partly cloudy with scat tered showers Friday night and Saturday Not much change in temperature Low Friday night 62 to 66 High Saturday 80 to 86 Further outlook Partly cloudy with local showers Sunday and probably continuing into Mon day Slowly rising humidity Minnesota Partly cloudy scatter ed showers southwest portion Friday night Not so cool north east Friday night Saturday partly cloudy with some scat tered showers extreme west and extreme south portions Low Friday night near 50 northeast to 60 southwest High Saturday near 75 northeast to 85 southwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics war The brief soviet resolution pro vided for 1 Immediate cessation of hos tilities in Korea and withdrawal of all foreign troops 2 Inviting representatives of red China and the Korean people to take part in UN peace negoti ations Malik made it clear he would veto the U S proposal by point ing out that he regarded the issue as a matter of substance This means it can be killed if any one of the 5 big powers vote against The Soviet Union will insist he said that the North Koreans be invited before the council He as serted The United States resolution is directed against the authorities of North Korea Our idea is that it would be unfair and intolerable if the security council desires to be an international body for the settlement of international busi ness for the consolidation of would be intolerable to refuse to hear the party against which charges are being leveled The soviet delegation further more considers this a matter of substance and not procedure The issue is war or peace A matter of procedure is sub ject to veto by Russia and the other big powers on the council By WES GALLAGHER Frankfurt greatest contribution toward fanning the flames for a new world war is the ignorance of Russian leaders of the ways of the west This is the belief of many dip lomats who have worked in Mos cow and those who have dealt with the Soviets here and in Ber lin Because of the big soviet spy rings which have been exposed and the ardent collecting of doc uments by soviet diplomats all over the world it has become popular to presume that Stalin and his politburo are well in formed on the western mind Not in Propaganda But there is little indication of this in soviet propaganda nor in the overt acts of communist pup pets who have lost ground steadily in western Europe for the past 5 years Instead there appears to be an attitude of blind frustration in creasing suspicion and a tendency to the use of extremes and force to overcome any obstacle As soviet power has spread this ignorance has widened with it en gulfing countless more millions behind the iron curtain It has been the custom of dic tators throughout the centuries to hear only what they want to hear One need look only to Hitler to find the prime example of this Germany was a western nation with close channels of and long ties and information to the the site may embrace as provided during World war II many as 200000 acres I however for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 84 Minimum 59 At 8 a m 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 55 Guardsmen To Get Back Old Positions Washington Members of national guard units called to ac tive federal service will be en titled to their jobs back when they get out Secretary of Labor Tobin pointed this out Thursday in a statement in which he advised guardsmen to tell their employers in writing why they are leaving western mind But in world politi cal situations Hitler and his nazi clique behaved with amazing ig norance of the facts Didnt Reach Hitler Captured documents show that through the 30s German embas sies in Washington and London poured in a ceaseless torrent of information accurately forecasting rising western resentment and warning the nazi rulers that the west would fight Little of this information ever got to Hitler and his inner ring Lower nazi functionaries inter cepted it and discounted it be cause it did not fit in with Hit lers beliefs nor nazi plans What little did reach Hitler or the inner circle was not believed or was misrepresented by such yes men as Foreign Minister Ribbentrop Lets look at the Soviet Union Russias iron curtain and its po lice state isolate the Russian people and its hierarchy a thous and times more effectively than Hitler s dictatorship did Furthermore Russia has been isolated mentally lor more than 30 years Anyone with the slightest con tact with the west has been purged not only in Russia but in all communist controlled satel lites Only one member of the present Russian politburo has ever had any extensive personal contacts with the is Stalins loy al disciple former Foreign Min ister Molotov In Marxist Wall For 30 years the rest have jailed themselves within their Marxist walls believing only what lits their theories ruthlessly purging anyone who disagrees They have allowed out of their country only a small number of trusted ardent communist believ ers limited in power and tied closely to the kremlin Under these conditions can any one seriously believe that soviet diplomatic reports to the kremlin are objective critical and informa tive Even if they were in the light of the history dictatorships what chance have they of being believed A glance at soviet propaganda efforts shows clearly the vast mis judgment of the western mind New Low in Comedy The recent soviet official note accusing the United States of drop ping potato bugs from airplanes on eastern Germany hit a new diplomatic low in comedy A soviet controlled publication apparently under the impression that the American musical com BULLETIN Washington President Truman asked congress Friday for an extra for naval plane construction and procurement AntiHoarding Provision Is Voted by House By REX CHANEY Washington Main Enemy Pressure in Chinju Area American 25th Division Bears Brunt of Battle Tokyo AP North Ko rean invaders checked by a sharp American counter at tack at the southwest corner of the South Korean front were reported bringing up two new divisions Saturday for their determined push on Pusan the allimportant port 35 miles to the east The Americans newly re inforced by elements of the 1st marine and 2nd infantry divisions confronted continu ing heavy pressure iii their struggle to maintain their narrowing foothold in Korea Heaviest fighting was around the village of Wong jbun 10 miles east of the red held rubbled city of Chinju near the marshy south coast The American 25th divi sion bore the brunt of attack with the probability of U S marine and other support in the battle or about to enter it Advance Patrol A small reconnaissance pa trol of marines under Capt Kenneth Houghton of San Francisco saw 11 armed Ko reans on a hill overlooking the marine position No shots were exchanged in this the 1st frontline contact the ma rines have had in the old war Sixteen Americans were killed and 40 wounded in a fight near the marines posi tion To the north red artillery shells arched into U S 1st cavalry posi tions near Taegu 55 miles out of Pusan along the new allied Nak tong river barrier line on the cen tral front A new battle was shap ing up there Both sides punched and probed with men and tanks in the swirl ing battle The reds slipped to within 37 miles of Pusan at the village of Pongam 18 miles east of Chinju But an American regimen tal combat team erased the threat quickly 600 Reds Killed An American tankinfantry task force that fought 22 miles behind the enemy lines killed more than 600 reds 35 miles west of Pusan Thursday The reds in regimental force were trying to reach the port city of Masan 27 air miles west of Pusan and were intercept ed by the battalion of infantry men who had bivouacked there after withdrawing from the front American and South Korean house eliminated all wagepriceration ing provisions from its economic controls legislation Friday and then wrote in a provision making hoarding of necessaries a crim inal offense The antihoarding proposal was submitted by Rep Dwight L Rogers D Fla and was ap proved on a standing vote 112 to 46 It would make it unlawful to hoard foods feeds wearing ap parel automobile tires fuel and other essential items The maximum penalty for con viction of hoarding would be 000 fine and one year in jail A similar provision is under consid eration by the senate banking committee in its parallel control legislation The Rogers amendment would not apply to futures trading trans action on commodity exchanges Before approving the Rogers amendment the house reversed its action of Thursday and knocked out of its bill all provisions for price and wage control and ration ing edy Annie Get Your Gun was a call to arms for American wom anhood described Betty Hutton as a grinning monster and declared American monocapitalists do not miss any chance of decorating their war mongering and murder mongering with sex appeal The Soviet Union at one time protested in Berlin that teaching baseball football and other Ameri can games violated 4power rules against quasi military training The soviet commander making the protest was Invited to see a ball game He refused Thief Looks Ahead Knoxville Tcnn thief who rifled a construction com pany officer here prepared him self for the future He took keys for all the new locks to be in stalled at a huge housing project 311 SAME BUck lac means triffta death In lines above Chinju now are east of the winding Naktong But the ex treme southern forces are south of the big stream and west of its delta which is just outside of Pusan A Tokyo headquarters spokes man reported the North Koreans were pouring tank and infantry reinforcement to the southern battle sector He said red soldiers were com ing into battle as recruits from Korean settlements in soviet dominated Manchuria Many are Japanesetrained and veterans of the Chinese communist wars Allied planes kept a sharp watch for troop trains bearing down from the north Some railborne reinforcements sneaked out of Chongjin in North Korea under a smokescreen covering the mar shalling yard 24th Sent Elsewhere Into this battle the 25th put all it had after a quick shift from the Kumchong area to the north The battered 24th was sent to another unidentified front when the 25th took over with expected marine and other reinforcements The reinforcements were troops of the U S 1st marines the 2nd infantry division and the 5th regi mental combat team from Hawaii The marines have 474ton Persh ing tanks superbazookas and flamethrowers While the battle raged in the south against the hinterland of Pusan South Korean troops pro tecting the northern flank pulled back to the village of Pian some 18 miles from Hamchang They took up positions along the Nak tongs near side Red patrols probed without let up at the South Korean lines and kept American outposts farther south busy along the river front U S army headquarters in Ko rea said all red patrols that had managed to cross the Naktong ;