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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 4, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND COUP VOL LI Press and United Press Full Leased MASOM CITY tOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 4 1945 Laval Claims Nazis Forced Statements Against Allies in North Africa Landings in north in treason tdal that the messages Germans by the Germans to send those speak publicly on the subject The told me it was not real protest Petain s defense contends he made every effort to see that French Africadit 1 oPPfse the landings ise at his own forthcoming ave been impossible for France to survive without he contended fared better under occupation than Bel isnnnn the 50000 Prisoners in return for 100000 French workers sent Germany At the start of Saturdays trial session Laval resumed his story of the 1942 broadcast in which he expressed hope for German vic tory He said he had given his rea sons for making this talk when Adrn William D Leahy demanded anrexplanation but did not detail the conversation with Leahy then U S ambassador to Vichy Testifying in the trial of Mar shal Petain Laval said A few days after that broad cast Admiral Leahy and Mr S Pinkuey Tuck counsellor to the u S embassy at Vichy came to see me I explained the reason for the statement what I meant by it and the practical effects of it Laval did not relate the reaction of Leahy now chief of staff to President Truman In a letter read earlier at the Petain trial Leahy expressed belief that the 89 year old marshal always had acted in the best interests of France Lavals mention of Leahy came after a defense attorney asked if the United States had made any moves o break diplomatic rela tions with Vichy after the broad cast by Laval bespeaking a Hitler victory A juror remarked that Laval should know that after his de parture Friday Marshal Petain said that he insisted on the re moval of that phrase from the ra dio speech Petain told the court he was amazed when he heard the speech delivered with the disputed passage Laval testified Friday he broad made him change the wording from I believe in a German vic tory Saturday in response to the juror Laval said I stand on what I said The marshal deleted the word believ ed but left the word desire And lie was not indignant at all Laval testified that long after he made the broadcast Petain said m a speech that From now on Laval and I walk hand in hand all subjects of discussion between us have been solved Laval said he went to he Hit meeting at Moiitoire only because the Germans had barred Paul Baudouin Vichy for eign minister whom Petain had wanted to take along Describing his work during the occupation Laval said the Ger mans asphyxiated France by oc cupying departments from which most of the important food sup plies and industrial products nor mally came Moreover he said 600000 warprisoners had been repatriated and there was no work for them nor for approxi mately 1000000 other Frenchmen It would have been impossible for France to survive without col laboration Laval had tp negotiate added We 1 We depended on the Germans for everything Our economic life was at a standstill The Germans had 2 weapons against us Firstly they could always threaten to re call the 600000 prisoners they had returned to us Secondly they could withhold food and industrial Cpl Christiansen Was Killed in South Pacific on July 18 Radio Mechanic on B29 Had Flown With Crew to Base in April Cpl Robert C Christiansen son of Mrs John Christiansen 321 15th N W was killed in an air craft accident in the Tinian islands in the south Pacific on July 18 according to a message from the war department received here No details of his death were given but it was stated that a confirming letter would follow the telegram Cpl Christiansenradio me chanic on a B29 had flown to his duties in the Pacific the last part of April from Pyote army air field in Texas where he had been in training He had last been home shortly before Christmas when he had had a 15 day furlough lege 1941 Christiansen entered the senice on July 21 1942 and was first in glider training Last November he was graduated with high honois from the army air forces training command radio school at Sioux Falls S Dak and was qualified to take his place as radio operator mechanic on the B29 bomber at Pyote Besides his mother he is sur vived by his brother John a ser geant with the medical corps in southern France His father pre ceded him in death in March 1944 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy I I AT II Iflllf IIA I IN I N AS DISCHARGED North lowans who received their discharges from the army at the separation center at Jefferson Barracks Mo are as follows T SgL Raymond C Hackbart Charles City S Sgt Fred M Thoren Rolfe Pfc Harley E Meyer Waverly Pvt Neil Bend C Bardsley West ZST NO SAFE PUCE IN JAPAN lOOOWitness Preview at Clear Lake Big 3 Goodwill Was Due To Genius Jokes With President Truman Aboard U S S Augusta President Trumans oftexpressed view that a solution can be found for every legitimate controversy emerged Saturday as one of his major con 1 to the Berlin confer tributions ence Presiding over the sessions with geniality and good humor he ear ly convinced the British and Rus sian leaders that no avenue of compromise should be abandoned The protocol which emerged in the small hours of Thursday was based in large measure upon agen da the president brought with him in writing to the first meeting Prepared in frequent consulta tions with James F Byrnes sec retaryof state the proposals gave the 3 delegations a basis for start ing immediate consultations When the proposals were pre sented Churchill added certain subjects orally as did Generalis simo Stalin So the presidents agenda was referred immediately to the foreign secretaries forming the basis for most of the future discussion The decision to establish a council of foreign ministers of the United States Russia Great Bri tain China and France was based on the agenda JhvTruman wanted to provide a means for continuing preparatory work for the peace settlements and to seek solutions of problems on which the Big S may not be able to find them selves in immediate agreement He did much to keep his con ferees in good humor throughout the 9 meetings in which former Prime Minister Churchill partici pated and the remaining 4 involv ing his successor Clement Attlee He left Potsdam with the appar ent good will of the Russian and British leadership Never a time waster he mixed informality with quiet pressure for speedy action but with a good humor that infected the others At the meeting Attlee suggested a technical change in language in one part of the protocol based on the American agenda Stalin ap parently thought the American language was clearer than the British Mr Truman told Stalin the change was agreeable to him If the president of the United States understands it the Rus sians can too Stalin replied with a grin ARMY NAVY LIST WAR CASUALTIES The war and navy department lists the names of the following north lowans as casualties under date of Saturday based on prior notification to next of kin Army Dead Pacific 2nd Lt Leif R Kloster son of Hall ward Kloster Clarion Army Wounded Pacific Pfc Marvin B Fisher husband of Mrs Margie L Fisher Spencer Navy Dead Pvt William Stuart Harris USMCR son of Mr and Mrs Leo V Harris Charles City Lt j g James Otis Mclntire USNP previously reported miss ing son of Mr and Mrs Harry Otis Mclntire Cresco Navy Wounded Pvt John Francis Shindelar USMCR son of Mr and Mrs Jo seph V Shindelar Calmar Marvin Eugene Weath erly USMC son of Mrs Edna S Felix Orleans K DAYS STAGIn front of the Theodore Wolfram residence at arc 9 of the happy throng of 90 state officials and members of the AssoeLtion fm the Preservation of Clear Lake who met on the eve of the GoveVLirt at Theodore Wolfram fa bk of Rep the Preservt ofCIea r T ritir TT o c rtri me ot Uleav Moinesand LLBlessVentura p m p m p m p m p m a m a m p m p m p m p m p m p m p m p m Program of Events SATURDAY Governors banquet P M Park auditorium across the Band concert at lake front Aqua Follies before the Grandstand featuring Larry Griswold International diving star AilAmerican Aqua Quartette Frank Rande and Company with his Balanc ing Dog The Dancing Debutantes and other artists and entertainers Venetian Nights parade Midway attractions Official Ball at Surf Ballroom with name band SUNDAY Amateur show auditions at lake front Union services at Methodist church Governor Robert D Blue will speak Sailboat races Band concert at lake front Governor Blue speaks from reviewing stand at lake front before grandstand Water ballet and exhibitions Ama teur show Midway attractions at lake front Band concert at lake front Aqua Follies before grandstand water ballet Venetian Nights parade final judging and awarding of prizes Midway attractions Ball at Surf ballroom with name band Meanest Thief Dallas Mrs N M Cor ley was sleeping under an electric fan while the thermometer hov ered in the nineties a thief en tered the room and took the fan Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette Tier boy Germany to Lose Still More Territory SEE HAP ON PAGE 2 Washington will Jose still more thousands of square miles of territory diplomatic au thorities analyzing the Potsdam communique predicted Saturday They noted that the decisions reached by President Truman Generalissimo Stalin and Prime Minister Attlee on territorial changes concerned only those in eastern Europe which were most urgent by reason of Russian and Polish demands Since President Truman has as sured newsmen that no secret agreements were made at Berlin this means the western borders of the new and shrunken Ger many are still to be determined The task appears to be one for vthe council of Big 5 foreign min isters meeting in London by Sept fixing Germanys western borders come from the Netherlands and France Indications here are that something along the lines they suggest will be approved even tually The French would deprive Ger many of its richest industrial area the Rhmeland The De Gaulle gov ernment has disavowed any de sire to add this territory to France But it has suggested that the Rhmeland with its great sources of power raw materials and pro ductive cities be international ized under control mechanism pre dominantly French Netherlands officials have talked of the possibility of gain ing a large section of Oldenburg which is the northwest corner of Germany opening on to the North Sea There has been some dis cussion of moving Hollands fron tier eastward to the Ems river al land There has also been tlk by the Dutch of taking hi areas as far east as the Weser river which would add many thousands of square miles to Holland The Dutch government is wait ing to determine what popular re action to the proposals may be The claim is based on the fact that while they were occupying Holland the Germans destroyed hundreds of thousands of acres of rich agricultural lands by flood ing The Big 3 decision to put Po lands western boundaries on the Oder and Neisse rivers together with the division of East Prussia between Poland and Russia al ready has sliced off 40000 square miles of land which was German in 1937 when Hitler began add ing stolen lands At that time Ger many miles embraced 181000 square They are to be moved back into the lands which Germany retains along with more thin 4000000 Germans in Poland and Czecho Slovakia Since the prePotsdam popula tion of Germany is figured at 67 000000 this means that the new Germany as already carved up must support a total of 71000000 in an area where 58000000 per sons have lived Further the Dutch say they are determined that the German populations must be removed from any lands they get The Potsdam communique em phasized that Germany was to become a nation of agriculture and peaceful industries without international commerce Authori ties on Germany here however say there will have to be some food imports into the reduced I reich because it never has pro JAP HOSPITAL SHIP IS SEIZED Army Investigates Nip Medical Supplies Manila Japanese hos pital ship carrying contraband arms and apparently fake patients has been seized in the Banda Sea north ol DutchPortuguese Timor and is being brought into an al lied port Saturday for investiga tion Genera MacArthurs head quarters announced A boarding party from the blockading allied 7th fleet found machine guns 75 millimeter shells and other ammunition packed in boxes marked medical supplies MacArthur said The accosted vessel was clear ly marked with safeconduct red crosses on its sides and upright on the superstructure There were approximately 1 500 men aboard listed as patients When bandages were removed from some of them no wounds were found the announcement said The ships route was not dis closed The Banda Sea is rough ly 400 miles north of Australia The area is filled with small and large islands mostly Dutch which have been occupied by the Japa nese since the fall of the Nether lnnlt Thc hospital Celebration Starts With Stag Dinner Day has come to be a tradition in Iowa that all members of the legisla ture and state officials of govern ment look forward to said Gov Robert D Blue Des Moines on the eve of the 2 day celebration at Clear Lake Saturday and Sunday The governor members of the legislature United States senators and representatives members of the Conservation Commission and state officials met Friday night with the members of the Associa tion for the Preservation of Clear Lake at the Theodore Wolfram residence at Ventura for a slag dinner with Mr Wolfram and L L Bless Ventura as hosts It was the opening of the tradi tional Governors Day celebration held annually at the lake and the evening was spent socially on the lawn of this beautiful home over looking Clear Lake We appreciate the courtesy ol the citizens of Clear Lake in ar ranging for a day which gives an opportunity for the legislature to enjoy the pleasures of the lake and to talk over the issues that have arisen since the adjournment of the legislature said Gov Blue Approximately 90 men attended the stag party A dinner was serv ed on the lawn of the Wolfram home and the evening was spent in a social way at singing and cards It was also the annual sum mer outing for the members of the Association for the Preservation of Clear Lake with the members of the State Conservation Commis sion ship could have been transferring men and arms among the block aded island outposts Boarding of the vessel by the parly from the allied 7th fleet was in strict conformity with inter national law and the Geneva con ventions to ascertain if improper use was being made of a hospital ship Another Japanese hospital ship the Takasago aiaru was inter cepted and inspected early in July while carrying 974 of Nip pons living dead from Wake island An American boarding party of 32 looked over the ship for infractions of international law The Takasago Maru was stopped July 3 and was permitted to prncccri Governors Days Events Under Way Clear Lake Approximately 1000 persons witnessed the Fri day night preview of governors days grandstand program pre sented from the floating stage be fore the seawall here The pro gram will be presented Saturday and Sunday nights Highlighting the stage program were the Xylophone solos pre sented by Dick Burns Chicago known professionally as Ricardo The Burns novelty act was sensa tional on the water Burns has ap peared professionally for more than 30 years and recently com pleted 6 months with the USO following engagements at Edge water Beach Chicago and other smart supper clubs Outstanding Frank Rande and his balancing dogs who ap peared in an exceptional acrobatic routine despite beinir handicapped by a wet stage following the water carnival the interna was enthus Larry Griswold tional diving star iastically received in his ap pearance for the 2nd time at governors day celebration He ap peared with the AllAmerican Aqua quartet whose performance also was outstanding Griswold proved himself mas ter of highly difficult acts per formed on the trampoline An un expected feature of Griswolds act was the appearance of his 3 children Sandra 10 Victory 8 and Mary Jean 6 who worked ori the trampoline like veterans Four local swimmers teamed up vlth the aqua stars and Sid Can ale who did the clowning fop an interesting act These were Frank Swanson Jr Clear Lake postof fice employe and recently dis charged from the army his mother Dean Svranson and Allan Tarr Clear Lake and Jack Hask ms Mason City These gave in dividual demonstrations Snyders educated bears brought the preview to a smashing finale m which the Dancing Debu tantes presented a patriotic nov elty act Friday evenings music was provided by the Clear Lake band under the direction of John Ko Pecky band director Saturdays and Sundays shows will be played by one of the three Chi cago orchestras brought to Clear Lake for governors days by Carl Fox The bands include those of Jaclc Sfauleiip Henry Charles and Carl Bean Ed Boyle is master of ceremonies The night shows Saturday and Sunday will be followed by the Venetian Nights parade one of the most outstanding events of the 2 day festival B C Myhr chairman of the finance committee is in charge of the sale of tickets at the grand stand and the box seat section where Gov Robert D Blue and his family and other distinguished guests will be seated They will attend the Saturday night show Tickets for the evening perform ances including the Ventian boat parade are 50 cents for the left wing grandstand seats 75 cents center grandstand section and SI for the box seats below the sea wall which mately 300 will TOKYO ADMITS US HAS EVERY NOOK COVERED 13th AAF Moves Up to Join Hammering on Enemy Homeland By LEONARD JIILLDIAK Associated Press War Editor Tokyo broadcasters admitted Saturday there wasnt a nook or a cranny in all of their sacred is lands where Japanese could find safety from American air raiders wheeling put from carriers the Marianas islands and Okinawa They looked on oklnaxva as a stronghold from which American invasion forces will strike the home islands and called it one of the strongest bases in the Pa cific General MacArthur indicated the enemy propagandists were putting it too mildly Okinawa he said is only part of a great semicircular base from which a mighty invasion force is being forged for the final conquest of Japan Still another air force is mov ing up to Okinawa to join aerial raiders who have already block aded Nipponese harbors so tight ly that the mikados government has mobilized civilian experts into a marine rescue volunteer combat corps for salvage work over the junkstrewn bottoms minefilled ports MacArthur disclosed the newest aerial addition in announcing he had taken over command in Okinawa and surrounding Ameri canheld Ryukyu islands on the southern approaches to Japan Four army air forces aided by land and seabased naval planes already are working over Nip pon They followed up their usual quota of bombs incendiaries and rockets with 3000000 propaganda leaflets bearing the Potsdam de mand for immediate surrender The 13th jungle air force is being moved up from the Philip pines to join 4 other Okinawa based air forces in hammering the enemy homeland The 13th is part of Gen George C Kenneys far eastern air forces which so far tins year have destroyed or dam aged 2846932 tons of enemy ship ping and 1375 planes The 5th and 7th air forces also under Kenney have already moved into Okinawa and Lt Gen James Doolittles 8th Superior air force is scheduled to start operations from the same island this month These forces are in Yamoshito Dead London IP An unconfirmed report from a Philippine guerrilla broadcast quoted by the New Delhi radio said Gen Tomoyuki Yatnashita formcrcommander the Japanese army in the Philip pines had been killed in a low level allied air attack a Reuters dispatch saia Saturday addition to the 20th fSuperfort air force in the Marianas and 2 fleet and 2 marine air wings on Okinawa In the face of the current in discriminate bombings by Ameri can planes the enemys govern ment controlled Domei news agency complained there cer seat approxi t y IS 1ot smgle area ol PProM ty tnroughout Japan lowans Riles Held Bermuda services for Francis C Herren 26 of Deni son Iowa who was suffocated while helping to clean a sump tank at an American army base were held Saturday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and slightly warmer Saturday night and Sunday with occasional re current thundershowers cloudy Saturday Saturday night and Sunday with occasional thundershowers in west Saturday and Saturday night and in west and central portions Sunday Warmer in south and cast Saturday and in most of stale Sunday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Saturday night and Sunday with scattered showers and thunderstorms Saturday night and east and central portions Sunday Warmer night and Sunday Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 80 61 63 92 65 19 Tokyo reported a handful of B29s and navy bombers were over the Tokyo area Saturday hit Friday by Mustang fighters from Two Jima and fleet air wing 18 from Okinawa Between them they wrecked 19 Japanese planes 13 vessels ranging from a small freightertransport to fishing boats 20 locomotives trains and ground installations Thirteen more enemy vessels were knocked out by air forces operating in southern waters under MacArthur Japanese suicide planes sank one U S ship and damaged an other in one of their now rare counterattacks at the growimc Okinawa base 350 miles south of Japan The attack Sunday was an nounced Saturday by Admiral iSimilz cocommander with Mac Arthur for the ontoTokyo forces The mikado Snffcrday posthu mously decorated his ranking army and navy commanders on Okinawa who committed suicide m the face of defeat Within the next couple of weeks Genera Spaatz who re tains command of all army stra tegic air forces should announce that General Doolittlcs B29s have joined the aerial invasion of Japan Presumably part of their job will be to help Marianas based Superforts in blockading Nipponese harbors with para chutesown mines and peddlin propaganda B29s arc delivering Rakkasan Parachute News the to Japan and within 7 weeks plan to boost weekly circulation i from 1000000 to 8000000 ;