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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 4, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SEKV1CE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 257 Debt Burden Is Difficulty All Rural Distress Cannot Be Traced to Bad Land EDITORS NOTE This is a second article by Mr Stewart on resettlement problems By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON Ai rural says Publicity Director M E Gilfond of the federal resettle ment tion cannot be traced to bad land Some farmers have goo d enough farms but they are too weighted down by m o r t gages and lack of equip ment to make a profita ble job of farm ing When such disasters as droughts hit them their difficulties are mul tiplied The resettlement administra tion advances loans of to S600 at low interest rates Thus at less than keeping fam ilies on relief for a year a new opportunity for making a decent selfrespecting living for a year is offered It was expected that 70 per cent of such loans would be repaid and this has not proved too optimistic a Make Outright Grants In emergency cases outright grants are made for subsistence The drought has brought a great increase in loans and grants as the resettlement administration co operates witn other agencies in meeting subsistence needs provid ing feed for up of livestock where feed costs are high and furnishing for next years op erating expenses Resettlement loans are secured by liens on crops and by mort gages but the best the resettlement administration relates is the character of the families se lected To insure longtime I continues resettlements account farmers receiving such ajl coop erate in drafting plans for diversi fied crop production and for modern home management Thus the evils of reliance on a single cash crop are avoided Loans thus far total 624 while grants of i all have been made Over Cases Well over cases in a have been afforded aid When cooperative farm asso clations aid in rehabilitation loan arc made to these organizations Where debts and mortgages ar hssed on unreasonable evaluations Resettlement comments the Re settlement administration brings to gether debtor and creditor for th scaling down of debts to the bencfi of both Parenthetically I doubt it hi landlordism seems to me to be gob blingr everything However says Resettlement Overburdened farmers can worl again while creditors are reall acting to protect their investment A debt reduction of ha been effected a total reduction o nearly 25 tier Has Its Program Resettlement has its program anyway Where the it says futilely trying to make a livelihood from barren land loans are no enough He must have a fair chance to make a living on good soil It is the work of Resettlement to furnish him with this oppor tunity New farms with modern xvellbuilt homes and fertile land are provided as near as possible to the old land so that conditions of farming will be familiar In some cases individual farms arc bought and improved in the midst of al ready established farming locali ties This process of resettlement in the midst of other farms is called infiltration In other cases new agricultural communities are built and here beside the benefits of good land and good homes the farmers can profit from coopera tive enterprises On moving to his new home the farmer can either take up a secure lease or purchase his own home by longtime pay meats Not Main Source Where farming is net the main source of employment for stranded families new homes are built with small plots of land Here crops may be grown for home uss in spare time to supplement income from industrial occupations This Is the subsistence homestead plan combining industrial with rural life for families left stranded by deserted mines or other shut down enterprises The way toward relieving city congestion and providing good homes in fine surroundings for city families with moderate incomes is being demonstrated by the con SWIMS IN CLOSED POOL DROWNS LAKE MILLS BOY CLIMBS FENCE AFTER Several Attempts Before His Body Is Recovered LAKE MILLS Merle Makke stad about 19 who climbed over a ligh fence long after the new Lake Mills swimming pool had been clos ed for the night was drowned in it at oclock Tuesday morning The pool had just been opened to the public the first part of July Several attempts were made to lind the youths body before it was He was swimming alone at the time officials were told Pool Locked tor Night Makkestad the son of Mr find Mrs Maynard Makkestad who live west of town went to the pool with a companion but had gone swim ming alone The pool had been lock d at 10 oclock when the lifeguard goes off duty When the youth failed to come up after going into the water the ompanion the son of Clarence 01 on who lives west of town ran up town for help Eugene Randall and Marlyn Brackey rushed to the pool broke into the bathhouse and turn ed the lights on Their search for the victim was not successful Found in Shallow End Soon other help arrived and Bud Thoe and Jerry Westrum located the body in the south end of the pool This is the shallow end The boys clothes were found at the edge of the deep end of the pool Two physicians who were called said there was not much water in the youths lungs although he had apparently been in the water about 40 minutes Artificial respiration was tried for an hour in efforts to revive the boy The municipal pool has a sand bottom Crisis Approaches in Spanish Conflict Thomas in New Letter to Landon Says Record Matter of Deep Concern to Workers TEXT ON PAGE 2 NEW YORK Thom as wrote Alf M Landon Tuesday that the governors record is a matter of deep concern to the work Charging that there was a lack of protec tion of health and safety of workers in the lead and zinc area and out rageously living conditons the socialist can didate wrote The entire situ ation is a blot upon Kansas Missouri and Ok lahoma Cer he add ed Kansas has done nothing to set a standard of Norman Thomas DROUGHT RELIEF PROGRAM READY To Get Under Way m Iowa Next Week Herring Announces WASHINGTON Iowas drought relief program will get un der way next week Gov Clyde L Herring said here Tuesday Governor Herrings announce ment followed conferences with fed eral officers during which the Iowa chief executive outlined a request for Although the precise amount of money available for drought relief was not revealed It was announced that the funds would come from the resettlement administration to be used as loans for the purchase of livestock feed and as outright grants to stricken farmers The funds are strictly for relief and therefore will be administered through county relief administra tions already set Herring said Ralph Kittenger state relief ad ministrator who with L S Hill Owa Works Progress administra or and Prof George Keller assis ant to Hill accompanied Governor Herring to Washington will be in charge of the state organization to administer relief A survey made by Hill which was iresented to federal government of ficials showed loans for live stock and feed grants and oans to farm families were needed There are farm families in he state An overlapping in some relief cases brought the total num er of farmers who were expected o receive aid to Feed loans will be about iach and cash relief about a month to each family Herring said hope and confl uence ror the workers Thomas expressed hope that the republican candidate would give his views on efforts to organize share croppers and steel workers Thomas said he was less enthusi astic about the Wagner labor rela tions law than some of its spon sors because I fear what might hap pen to the workers under it if the government should become reac tionary Expressing the hope the republic an presidential nominee may see fit to discuss the law from the stand point of its desirability the socialist candidate explained why he had sup ported it I do believe in principle that by their very nature company unions are not and cannot be a free ex pression of the interests of the workers and are therefore not a suitable instrumentality of collec tive he wrote The right of collective bargaining is es sential to the workers For this reason I have supported the Wag ner Thomas thanked his opponent for his letter of July 29th in which Gov Landon amplified his views on the rights of labor to organize Thomas wrote Landon I believe vou have made a real contribution to the straightforward discussion of campaign issues by clarifying and interpreting your statement with regard to labors right to organize Fear Missing Persons Drowned m Southern Colorado Flood Area WALSENBURG LI Fears that several missing persons had been drowned were expressec here Tuesday after the flood water of the Cucharas river had swep through this southern Colorado town causing damage estimated a Seven hundred homes were evac uated last night as the water rose to 18 inches in the downtown dis trict truction of three model suburban ommunities near Cincinnati Mil vaukee and Washington D C hese new communities are called grcenbelt towns from the broad of farms gardens and parks surround each one contrib ting to beauty preventing inva 1011 by undesirable real estate de elopments and providing a mar et for farmers in the Homes in the greenbelt towns re built to combine attractive ap earance with durability at low entals While each new town will complete in itself with stores ommunity buildings and modern ilities jobs in the larger towns earby will be readily accessible on ood FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Tuesday and Wednesday Cooler in south and extreme east portions Tues day night MINNESOTA Partly cloudy to cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday warmer in north por tion Tuesday night and in north and central portions Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday S5 Minimum In Night 57 At 8 A M Tuesday 68 Rainfall Trace Ninetenths of the time Monday t looked as If the heavens were about to descend in the form of moisture But nothing much hap a few drops that were noticeable only to those who hap pened to be looking skyward at the moment when they fell Tuesday dawned fair and there was a rapid y rising mercury t TWO MORE RAIDS ON CREAMERIES IN NORTH IOWA Pounds of Butter Taken at Dumont and at Oran DES MOINES CSVNorth Iowa officers reinforced by two state agents spurred their search Tues day for a gang of butter thieves af ter creameries at Oran in Fayette county and Dumont in Butler coun ty were looted Monday night The robebrs took pounds of butter from the Dumont creamery operated by Marinus Anderson and pounds from the Oran creamerj Both creameries are on highway 10 but are more than 50 miles apart Glen Schmidt investigation bu reau chief said indications point to the same gang which has raided a score of North Iowa creameries although its possible the gang had two crews operating last At both points however Schmic said tracks left by the robbers truck were identical Harvey Highell was arrested a Audubon last week for investiga tion in connection with the butte robberies He later was released on bond The state bureau said fou other men were under suspicion Schmidt said Agents Zelinsky am Al Haight who are trying to trai down the jobbery gang believe th footers sell ffieir stolen butti through an illicit creamery prob ably located in Omaha or that vi DUMONT BURGLARY IS 11TH IN NORTH IOWA The eleventh butter theft from creameries in NorU Iowa in recent months occurred Monday night at the Dumonl creamery when pounds of butter were stolen Marinus Anderson operator of the local creamery discovered the theft Tuesday morning Fourteen tubs of butter valued at 5400 were taken Only 15 pounds of butter were missed by the thieves The burglars broke open the front door broke a lock on a re frigerator and apparently hauled the butter away in a truck The Dumont elevator was en tered Monday morning by thieves who broke open the safe and got 56 Another entry was made Mon day night but nothing taken Prays Daily for Two Women Accomplices Executed by Nazis WARSAW Polish baron who escaped losing his head for al leged espionage in Germany last year prayed Tuesday for two young women who died on a nazi chopping block Friends of Capt George Sosnow ski disclosed he returned to Poland recently after many months of soli tary confinement in a dark cellar The Polish officer his friends said spends day and for his two beautiful women accomplices Benita von Falkenhayn and Renate von Matz mer LOOK INSIDE GEORGE KAUFMAN Had Nothing to Do With Astor Divorce ON PAGE 2 Burt Physician Dies in Yard of Heart Attack ON PAGE 5 Guards on Watch Catch GranaryNearJoice ON PAGE 3 Owens Breaks Olympic Record for Broad Jump ON PAGE 9 Increased Demand for Booths at Fair Shown ON PAGE 14 Vaval Building Contest Start January 1 ON PAGE 2 BRITAIN FRANCE SEEK ANXIOUSLY FOR AGREEMENT Officers of Two German Warships Received by Revolt Head SPANISH AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press Rebels launch long delayed ma jor drive on Madrid French government anxiously negotiates with Rome for non interference pact British govern ment reported to share French fears of European repercussions Rebel communique reports at tack by loyalists with foreign planes and foreign Soviet citizens hold meetings to raise funds for Spanish leftists Government announces victory in Guadarrama mountains Reports from Tangier Interna tional zone say officers of two German warships off Ceuta Spanish Morocco were received by Gen Francisco Franco rebel head France lodges protest with Rome over last weeks airplane incident Catalans storm rebelheld Hues ca others occupy Sastago Sie tamo Fascists dispatch reinforce ments toward San Sebastian Some French diplomatic quart ers picture Dictators Hitler and Mussolini as cooperating in an antiFrench Dies in Chair NEWELL P SHERMAN BOSTON P Sher man 27 convicted of drowning liis wife because of his love for another woman walked quietly to his death in the electric chair in stale prison here early Tuesday The former Sutton choir singer and scoutmaster whose crime has been likened to one described in Theodore Dreisers uovel An American was pro nounced dead seven minutes after he was led into the execution chamber Lindbergh Postpones Flight to England Due to Heavy Wind COPENHAGEN 50 mile an hour headwind caused Col Charles A Lindbergh to postpone a flight to England Tuesday Instead he returned to the Dan sh Rockefeller institute to continue assembling his mechanical heart ap laratus which he and Dr Alexis barrel are to exhibit before a bilo ogical congress next week The American flyer was spending all of his time either at the home of his host Capt Andreas Dam or at he institute jermans Began Drive on Paris 22 Years Ago NEW YORK UP It was 22 ago Tuesday that western 3urope felt the first sharp conflict f the World war On Aug 4 1914 marching Ger man troops crossed the Belgian bor er and began a driving advance oward Paris BEDELL HENRY CHAPMAN FREED Sentences of Jury Bribers Shortened 60 Days for Good Behavior DES MOINES sen ences shortened 60 days for good ehavior Walter Bedell former pirit Lake attorney and his for mer client Henry Chapman con icted of federal jury bribery were eleased Tuesday from the Polk ounty jail Bedell and Len Chapman re eived the maximum penalty of a fine and one year in jail sen ence upon conviction of bribing a federal juror in a liquor case against the Chapmans Henry Chap man received the jail sentence only Although the conviction was re turned against the three men June 15 1934 they did not begin serving their sentences until Oct 4 1935 Their appeals to the United State supreme court were denied and an appeal to the president for a pardon for Bedell failed Unless Len Chapmans fine is paid 31 days will be added to his sentence Bedells fine records show was paid July 2S The three other men involved in the bribe plot pleaded guilty Wil liam Stevenson Boone and Gene Russell Des Moines received sus pended sentences of one year while Bert Gander the juror who admitted receiving the bribe was sen tenced to one year and a day in Leavenworth penitentiary Death of Riesland Declared Accident DUNLAP JP A coroners jury found that Anson Riesland Wood bine Iowa farmer who died after drinking from a bottle which he thought contained beer came to his death by drinking caustic soda given him by accident and with out felonious FEARS OF ANOTHER WAR IN EUROPE QUICKENED By the Associated Press A crisis in the Spanish insurgent fight for possession of Madrid ap peared to be approaching Tuesday as at least two European capitals experienced new pangs of anxiety over the maintenance of European peace London and Paris looked anxious ly toward the caldron of family un rest in civil war now in its eighteenth diplomatic ac ivity to obtain a general European lands off agreement respecting the insurrection heightened From Tangier North African in ternational zone issued a report that officers of two German war ships anchored off Ceuta Spanish Morocco had been received by Gen Francisco Franco generalissimo of the revolution Fear European War Fears in some French quarters of another European war growing out of foreign fingers in the Spanish situation were quickened by the re ceipt of reports on the German warships Nor were French nerves calmed any by rebel resentment against the use of foreign war materials by the leftist government at Madrid French anxiety over the European situation incident to the insurrec tion was fully shared by the Bri tish foreign office it was stated au thoritatively in London The nub of the situation appar ently lay in the attitudes of the German and Italian governments As yet the German government has not been approached with the French proposal of a noninterven tion pact Premier Mussolini of It aly delayed his reply Might Seek to Profit Some British sources believed H Duce might seek to profit by the Spanish crisis by demanding con cessions at the forthcoming five power Locarno conference in return for a pledge to let Spain settle its own affairs Though not sponsored by the soviet government meetings were held throughout red Russia to ex press solidarity and raise funds to help Spains leftist regime put down the revolt On the war front the long awaited GENERALLY FAIR WEATHER SEEN Temperatures Expected to Hold Below 90 Says Forecaster DES MOINES weather man forecast generally fair weather for Iowa Tuesday night and Wed nesday but he also predicted that temperatures probably would hold below 90 both Tuesday and Wed nesday Meager showers fell at scattered points throughout the state last night and thin cloucis continued drifting over much of the state Tuesday morning Des Moines and Dubuque meas ured 06 of an inch Council Bluffs and Davenport reported traces of rain early Tuesday Lamoni and Waterloo reported the top temperature Monday 96 and Imvood the low 54 SCAN PRIMARIES FOR ANY HINT OF NATIONAL VIEWS Missouri Virginia and Kansas Vote Kentucky Counts Ballots PRIMARIES IN BRIEF By The Associated Press LOUISVILLE M M Logan holds lead over former Gov J C W Beckham in close race for democratic senatorial nomination ST Lloyd C Stark backed by Pendergast or ganization contests Tuesday with William Hirth foe of Pendergast for democratic gubernatorial nomination in Missouris primary Jesse W Barrett James J Bar rett and Claude L Lambert seek republican nomination TOPEKA Ar thur Capper bids for republican renomination in contest with Walter Neibarger and H L Stout Four candidates seek the demo cratic nomination Dempster 0 Potts Omar Ketchum John H Arnett and Robert George RICHMOND Va Virginias primary Tuesday is marked by lack of contests The only demo cratic rivalries are over two nom inations to the national house of representatives rebel offensive against Madrid ap parently opened with a march from north and south against the capi tal On the barren heights of the Guadarramas the mountain gate way to the city insurgents were reported attacking again and again to force their way to the plateau to the south Bodies on Battlefield The government however insist ed that the bodies of rebels strewn on the battlefield attested its ability to withstand the assaults A rebel announcement said Mo roccan troops ferried across the straits of Gibraltar already were marching on the join hands with the fascists from the north Some quarters believed the climax of the battle would be reached Wednesday or Thursday At Dancharia Spain the Spanish frontier was closed apparently as a step in preparation for the final rebel drive on Madrid Insurgent leaders expressed confidence San Sebastian on the Bay of Biscay would fail soon Use Foreign Planes A rebel communique issued at Burgos reported the bombing of in surgent territory by foreign planes and foreign bombs in the hands of loyalists A rebel cruiser suddenly term inated a cannonading of Gijon on the northern seaboard when city authorities threatened to execute a large number of political prisoners in reprisal At the front fresh leftist regi ments were organized not only to protect Madrid but also to carry the fight to the insurgents in the Zaragoza and San Sebastian areas Premier Jose Giral Pereira charac terized Monday as a day of un marred In the south in the Gibraltar straits and in the Balearic islands the government pushed its offen sives against the rebels Loyal Catalans were reported storming rebelheld Huesca Barcelona loyal ists announced their troops had oc cupied Sastago and Sietamo Attack on Palma Barcelona dispatched militiamen to Mallorca island to attack Palma Fascists dispatched reinforce ments toward San Sebastian The leftist government in Madrid provisionally confiscated railroad lines running between Madrid Zar agoza and Alicante as well as the Northern railroad the Central Ara gon and the Western line Lisbon heard of the organization of a fascist column from north western Spain under command of Gen Marquis Cavalcanti The arrival of German vessels at Ceuta was reported in Paris to have saved the rebel stronghold from bombardment by Spanish warships WASHINGTON C3 Political eaders watched for any possible hints of national sentiment Tuesday as voters of three states cast their ballots in primaries The primaries part of a series of 11 which will be held thia month were in Missouri Kansas and Vir ginia The Missouri voting involved something of a test of strength be tween the Thomas J Pendergast democratic organization of Kansas and supporters of William Hirth Columbia farm leader Hirth running for the democratic omination for governor assailed he Pendergast group day in and day out Opposing him for the nom ination was Major Lloyd C Stark nurseryman who had Pendergast backing Fight Three Cornered For the republican nomination the figth was three cornered Candi dates were Jesse W Barrett form er state attorney general James J Barrett and Claude L Lambert In Kansas the home state of Gov Alf M Landon leaders of both parties strove to get out a big vote for psychological purposes Candi dates for governor senator repre sentatives and other posts were be ing nominated but in many cases there were no contests There was interest in the bid of Senator Arthur Capper republican to secure renomination over two riv als Walter Neibarger Tonganoxie editor and H L Stout Fort Scott businessman Virginia traditionally democratic had only two contests for democrat ic nominations to the national house of representatives Senator Carter Glass was not involved in the pri mary having already been declared his partys nominee for senator Watch Close Race Political observers watched with interest a close race in Kentucky where a primary was held last week With tabulation of votes near ing completion Senator M M Lo gan held a plurality of about over former Gov J C W Beckham for the democratic senatorial nom ination A hum of activities in the Roose velt and Landon camps heralded the imminent beginning of the more in tensive stage of the national cam paigns After conferringwith President Roosevelt at Hyde Park democratic national committeemen indicated he had signaled full steam ahead I reported that we are prepared to conduct an aggressive campaign from now until said Chairman James A Farley are not losing any time are ready to Confers With Wallace Drought problems occupied part of Mr Roosevelts time Monday as they did in the case of Governor Landon also Mr Roosevelt confer red with Secretary Wallace and others and ordered a complete re port on relief activities In a radio talk Landon advised Kansas businessmen to work out practical plans for cooperation with fanners in avoiding the neces sity of sacrificing valuable breed ing animals by sending them to During the day Mr Landon talk ed over the political situation with Senators Townsend of Delaware and Steiwer of Oregon After con ferring with William Allen White ;