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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 2, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated Press and United Press full Lease Wires MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 2 1948 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Money and Wealth Arent the Same IWISJf it were possible to con duct for the people of America a oneday school of instruction on the fundamentals of economics under the American free enter prise system Those in attendance should include everybody not in a penitentiary or an asylum for the insane The course of instruction would be so simple that anybody with even an ounce of intelligence could come away from the school with all the understanding needed to guide him or her in the ways of constructive citizenship Central in the lesson would be fundamental truth which de spite its simplicity and obvious ness seems not to have pene trated the thinking of highest placed leaders in industry busi ness and government Its this MONEY AND WEALTH ARE NOT THE SAME THING Money has value only in the degree that it can be used to buy things You cant eat it you cant wear it you cant shelter your self with it Its value is deter mined wholly in terms of what can be purchased with it Going On From Here WITH this as a premise clear ly understood it would be possible to move along to some conclusions that would be most 1 helpful toward solving some of the problems which now beset the American economy For one thing we would be forced to recognize that a gen eral wage increase in our coun try is of scant may be its along with it is an increase in produc tion The effect of such an addition to the dollar income of our coun try is merely to increase compe tition for the purchase of an al ready too limited supply of com modities automobiles refriger ators houses arid a thousand other This Paper Consists of Two One No 254 Western Diplomats Make Kremlin Visit ClotureMove Beaten Down by Dixiecrats Vandenberg Rules Against Action to Stop Southerners Budenz Guesses Thousands of Reds Hold Federal Jobs Washington fP The house unAmerican activities commit tee Monday subpoenaed Whitak Chambers associate editor er of Time magazine as a witness in its investigation of an alleged communist spy ring in this coun try Union Head to Retire at 65 Washington resident Harvey W Brown of the InternaI AP Wlrephoto I G Farben chemical DEVASTATIONIMS is an air view of the explos Jonblasted plant at Ludwigshaven Germany which was ripped to shred la the wo s t d sastel r the an attonyt by the resbicn leod Senate va jj ill vjrciiiioiij i J country since the war Surrounding the leveled area are buildings reduced to window less shells Purpose Is I nterview IWith Stalin Developments Produce Ease in Tension in Foreign Situation things And that competition means higher prices when prices already are too high Every day you hear people re ferring to our cheap Mollar The dollar that wont buy much is a cheap dollar At present our dollar will buy approximately half as much as it would before the war Just about the only place where it can be used to an advantage is in debt retirement Indebtedness contracted before the war can be paid off in our SOcent dollars that is if we are lucky enough to save out a few after meeting the mounting cost of living Dollar Abundance Essential it would be included in this oneday school to I have referred is doubt ful but it is an obvious fact that so long as there is a 250 billion dollar national debt hanging over our country our national dollar income is going to have to be maintained at a high level w That debt can be paid off only in dollars irrespective of their value in purchasing power Consequently any pronounced drop in the current dollar income would be damaging if not dis astrous to our chances of retir ing that astronomical national debt within a reasonable period say 50 or 75 years But this is beside the point so far as this discussion is con cerned What Im trying to bring out in this commentary is that if our country is to move ahead in the future as it has in the past our emphasis must be placed on the production of true wealth not on dollar income alone Standard for Judging AFTER all the economic system which provides the greatest and most useful supply of goods for the largest proportion of the people of a country is the best economic system in my own opinion Judged by that standard American free enterprise capital Ism is the best system ever de veloped It has enabled the aver age American worker to produce and to have more than 6 times as much of manufactured goods as the average worker outside the United States along with more and better food Its this fact not our tons of gold bullion buried at Fort Knox that has distinguished our gov ernment and our way of life among the nations of the world The comforts which we enjoy as people had to be produced they couldnt be bought with dollars alone Reds Propose Danube Pact Would Give Eastern Countries Control Belgrade Yugoslavia Russia circulated Monday a pro posed Danube river pact which would give eastern Europes com munistdominated states virtually exclusive control over the 1800 mile long trade artery Andrei Vishinskj1 Russian dep uty foreign minister told the 11 nation conference he will present the document formally Tuesday Its passage is regarded as a cer tainty probably without major change The communist states outvote the western powers 7 to 3 in this meeting Austria sits as an observer without a vote Russia and her neighbors dem onstrated their unity on the Dan ubian question in the first 3 con ference sessions The conference adopted a rule for a simple major ity to govern decisions France withdrew a proposal that the de cisions be made by a twothirds vote after Vishinsky opposed it To Preside at Demo Judicial Convention Des Moines James P Gaffney Marengo will preside over the democratic state judicial convention to be held here Sat urday State Chairman Jake More announced Sunday The main convention business will be to nominate 3 democratic candidates for the Iowa supreme court to oppose the 3 republican judges nominated last week The Says Truman Will Not Call 2nd Extra Congress Session Moscow of the munists have filtered into federal reacnes ju s Britain and France visited employment He could continue in office un ft Kremlin Monday night obvi In the past he said several score til 70 but he said he favors the interview with Prime Independence Mo A associate said Monday that Presi dent Truman has no intention of calling congress back for a 2nd extra session This official who declined to be quoted by name said the president will pin his hopes for election on his differences with the republican leadership over price control housing and other domestic issues No Further Message He said Mr Truman is not like ly to send any further message to the present extra session It as sembled at his call last Monday apparently determined to deny him virtually every request Its leaders said his motive was political Mr Truman who flew here to vote in Missouris primary election Tuesday will fly back to Wash ington immediately after casting his ballot in the Memorial build ing near his Delaware street home Congress on Hands His explanation Ive got a con gress on my hands Mr Truman announced he will leave here at about 8 a m CST Tuesday immediately after he votes The white house previously had said he might remain until Wednesday or Thursday Probe Charge of Censorship Studebaker Says Talks Prohibited Washington Fer guson said Monday a senate investigating committee censorship1 will look into ership Monday to shut off debate on the antipoll tax bill The decision by Vandenberg the senates presiding officer was on a parliamentary question arising from the GOP leaders effort to halt a southern senators filibuster blocking a vote on the measure Senator Taft ROhio imme diately appealed Vandenbergs j ruling to the senate itself which could vote to reverse the decision Debatable Point But Tafts appeal was a debat able question and Senator Robert son quickly took the floor to continue the southern talk against efforts to bring the poll tax to a vote Vandenbergs ruling was against an effort by GOP leaders to shut off debate on the motion made last week by Senator Wherry R Nebr to take up the bill Proposes Cloture Minister Stalin seeking a basis to have he called fairly imearlier retirement age portant while there have been Brown has held the a soive eastwest differences severalhundred in relatively im year post for 10 years portant places In addition the former manag ing editor of the communist Daily Worker testified the party oper ates an underground lobby in Washington vigorously attempting to influence government policy Use No Names In this connection he was cau tioned by William Rogers com mittee counsel not to mention the names of government officials un less he was prepared to produce proof that they had communist leanings Hollywood has enriched the communist party treasury with a very big financial take Budenz told a senate expenditures sub charges levelled against Oscar wherry proposed that the sen Ewing federal security adminis ate trator cloture a procedure The Michigan senator who senate requiring a twothirds vote of the Troops Ready for Plant Call Guard Available If Univis Opens BULLETIN Columbus Ohio city officials informed Gov Thomas J Herbert Monday that the strikebound Univis plant would be reopened Tuesday and that they would need help Dayton Ohio Ohio Walter Bedell Smith U S am bassador entered the Kremlin alone at p m p m a minute after the special British envoy Frank Roberts had gone through the gates French Ambassador Yves Chataigneau and a translator went into the seat of the Russian government within 3 minutes Situation Eased Diplomatic developments here have contributed toward easing the tense international situation Authoritative quarters said prog ress already has been made among the great powers A strict official silence was ob served by the U S state depart ment and British and French for eign offices on all aspects of the committee investigating subversive influences in government He tes J d win march in to crucial western efforts in Mos tified that the partys aim is to order if the Univis Lens cow to reach a European settle achieve Russian dominance over any wishes to reopen its present supreme court includes no democrats More said State Mel Gra ham Audubon will be convention secretaryJ J Hyde Elkader will be sergeantatarms and Paul Shearer Washington will be chief usher A total of 1196 delegates the same number present at the 2 earlier state democratic conven tions this year will attend Iowa Falls Man Bound to Court on Assault Charge Iowa Falls La Fler 55 has been bound over to district court on a charge of assault with intent to commit murder He was taken to Hardin county jail Saturday after arraignment before Justice of the Peace Frank M Cottrell who set bond at 000 La Fler was accused of shooting his estranged wife 3 times and himself once last Wednesday eve ning in the lobby of a hotel here Both Le Fler and his wife have been in a hospital here since the shooting Hospital attendants said Mrs Le Fler is recovering satis factorily RETURNS CAR ACTRESS WED London stage and screen actress Irene Manning was married Saturday to Clinton Green of Providence R I mem ber of the New York Times Lon don staff at the St Marylebone registry office Detroit Potette 25 Saturday returned a 1949 Mercury sedan he won in a raffle because his church forbids gambling The CIO United Auto Workers Union which sponsored the raf fle said the car would be sold and the proceeds given to its benevo lent fund heads a senate expenditures sub committee told reporters the group wants to talk privately to Ewing and his accuser John W Stude baker former commissioner of education No time was set Studebaker said in a letter that Ewing had ordered that public statements and speeches from the education office be approved in advance by the FSA administra tors staff He complained that the education office was prohibited by an FSA aide from exposing the tactics and dangers of communism through the schools Studebakers letter brought to light a bitter quarrel within the administration with his claim of censorship of the education office and a denial from Ewing close friend and political adviser to President Truman Hunger Threat Before Arabs UN Observer Tells of Disease Problem Cairo and hunger threaten 300000 to 350000 Pal estine Arab refugees Sir Raphael Cilento of the United Nations said Monday Sent to the middle east to sur vey the refugee problem Sir Raphael said there still lingers doubt about the cholera possibility among the refugees but we think and hope it is ended If the Arabs cannot be sent back Senator Russell leader of the southern forces objected and raised a point of order as to whether Wherrys cloture move to shut off debate on a motion was correct under parliamentary pro cedure First Wherry sought an agree ment that the senate take up at 3 p m CST Monday the antipoll tax bill For 2 days southerners have been talking against his mo tion to consider the bill the United States Identifies Bcntley Budenz now a Fordham univer strikebound plant Mayor Louis Lohrey announced Monday Her wartime espionage system here i open Tuesday The management will decide Monday hether to attempt Blue Asks Committee to Study Salaries DCS Moines Robert D Blue Monday asked the legis lative interim committee to name some of its members to make a study of the problem of equalizing salaries in various departments of the state government The governor said the commit tee would work with the state ex ecutive council and with Art Wallace administrative assistant to the council on personnel mat ters A study of various conflicts in the fixing of salaries in the vari ous departments can be made the governor said tod the 00day members or workers in govern ment had reached the thousands RCAF Commander Dies of Cancer Ottawa Vice Marshal N R Anderson deputy overseas commander of the Royal Canadian air force during World war II died of cancer at his suburban Westboro home Saturday night He was 55 A royal air force dogfighter over European skies during World war I Anderson had helped build the R C A F into one of the greatest air forces in the British commonwealth Illness forced nis retirement early in 1945 before hostilities ended He had been in in air force for the last 28 years strike fell through Rankandfile members of the CIO United Electrical workers re jected a settlement agreement reached by their leaders and com pany officials ment with Russia British officials said that any leakage of informa tion about what the western pow ers are proposing might ruin the outcome of the Moscow talks British diplomatic writers how ever speculated the western re quest for an interview with Stalin might lead soon to a meeting of the big 4 chiefs of state To Interview The diplomats are expected to be invited either singly or in a group to an interview with Prime Minister Stalin They are to present the latest approach of the western powers to the Berlin blockade and German questions Clay Reports New Currency Boosts Berlin Ration Level Berlin Gen Lucius D Clay reported Monday that cur rency reform in western Germany inaugurated June 20 has boosted ration levels and industry to new postwar highs Clays July report to Washing ton the most optimistic he has yet made indicated that the introduc tion of a stabilized currency brought out huge food stores from farm hoards The new supplies of food he in dicated had an electrifying effect on industry Production and la iior efficiency improved and ab Three Traditional Goals THE ideal under the American system in the past has had these 3 goals 1 To increase wages to the worker 2 To decrease prices with In ereased quality to the consumer 3 To provide a continuous and profit to the stockholder Unless it be assumed that our of free enterprise has out lived its dayand we know of no person of intelligence who as sumes that these goals must pre Conttntied on Pace 2 senteeism month declined during the Deliveries of meat always the shortest item in western Germany trebled in the 1st week after cur rency reform Clays report said The normal consumers daily ration in the combined Anglo American zones rose to 1990 cal ories in July compared to an av erage of 1450 during the pas year The August ration has been se at 1755 calories daily just shor of the 1800 calory target set by th British and Americans for this all Socialist leaders reported mean while that only 17000 of the 2 400000 residents of western Berlin have registered to obtain rations n the soviet sector Socialist party members con cluded 2 days of meetings by adopting a resolution refusing to cooperate in any way with the communist party or approve any communist proposals so long as the Berlin blockade continues Five thousand Berlin women also met Sunday to defy he Rus sians and express support of the western powers The meeting paid tribute to western pilots who are supporting Berlins fight for free dom and democracy The meeting was arranged as a memorial to the 5 American flyers who have been killed in flying the airlift to Berlin Speakers ad dressed the meeting before the biers of 2 killed a week ago when their plane crashed in Berlin They were 1st Lt Charles H King Birt ton S Dak and 1st Lt Dobery W Stuber Arlington Cal Others honored were killed In a crash near Wiesbaden on July 8 to their homes in Palestine Sir Raphael said they will be resettled and settlement so far has been a difficult problem The United Nations security council is con sidering the refugee problem in Lake Success Monday Sir Raphael is accompanying Count Folke Bernadotte the U N mediator on a 6 day tour of Palestine and nearby Arab coun tries Sir Raphael said he hopes to set up a plan for meeting the refugees immediate needs within a week Bernadotte said Sunday that he has recommended to the U N se curity council that Arab refugees be permitted freely to return to their homes in Jewishheld areas I of Palestine during the present1 truce regardless of Jewish objec tions QUADS DIE AFTER BIRTH Manila Quadruplets were born Sunday night to Mrs Avelfa Corpus Castillo 36 wife of an army civilian employe The quads girls and a only 4 hours Truman Nominates Grady to Post in Greek Aid Mission Washington UR President Truman Monday nominated Henry F Grady U S Ambas sador to Greece to be chief of the American aid mission to that country Grady a native of California will replace Dwight Griswold former governor of Nebraska who has administered the Greek aid program since early last year It is understood Griswold now is en route home from Greece Farm Fire Was Caused by Defective Wiring Fire which Saturday destroyed the main barn on the farm ten anted by Joe Cahill at the cast edge of the city was caused by defective wiring Chief James Kelley showed said an Firemen investigation worked for nearly 4J hours on the blaze which burned a mechanical milker and bales of hay on the 2nd floor They were forced to push in the cement block on the lower sides of the building after the wooden part of the structure had burned off Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy with showers and moderate temperatures through Tuesday Low Mon day night 56 High Tuesday 82 Iowa Partly cloudy and slightly warmer Monday night and Tuesday with scattered showers or thundershowers west portion Monday night and entire state Tuesday afternoon or night Low Monday night 6065 west 58 east fc Minnesota Partly cloudy and slightly warmer Monday night and Tuesday Widely scattered showers southeast portion Mon day night and south portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 78 Minimum 50 At 8 a m Monday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 59 BANK HEAD DIES Chappaqua N Y John McHugh 83 former president of the Chase National bank of New York died Sunday at his home here after a heart attack Iowa Weekend Has 3 Deaths in Car Wrecks By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three deaths in Iowa as a re ult of motor vehicle accidents ver the weekend raised the Iowa raffic death toll for 1948 to 267 Delores Mae Klema 16 of New Hampton was killed in a 2car ollision Sunday night at an inter ection 8 miles north of New iampton Funeral services for the Klema girl will be held Wednesday norning at St Joseph Church New Hampton Father Emmett Kelly pastor will officiate Burial in New Hampton Ceme tery The collision involvedcars driven by Robert Schutte 18 of Fredericksburg and Ted Biewer 40 of Elma Schutte was in critical condi ion at a New Hampton hospital Also hospitalized were Paul Boe decker 17 Fredericksburg Ger aldine Paulson 16 New Hampton and Biewer Lloyd Dean Carpenter 6 son of Mr and Mrs Lloyd A Carpen ter was fatally injured when he was struck by a car Sunday at a downtown intersection in Des Moines Le Roy Estes 42 of Guthrie Center died in a Jefferson hospital Sunday of injuries suffered when he was crushed between a car and a truck near Guthrie Center Fri day SAME White flat no trafflo death la pait 34 hours GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 53 At 8 a m Sunday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum W i Minimum 58 AP Wtrepnoto VISHINSKY ON WAY TO CONFERENCE Andrei I Vishinsky soviet deputy foreign minister alights from his plane at Prague where he broke his journey from Moscow to Belgrade scene of Danube conference Vishinsky has challenged western powers to accept eastern bloc decisions concerning the Danube or take a walk Russia and her sat ellites hold a majority at the conference Chinese Sold for Shanghai NanFu a refugee from northern Kiangsu was broke so he sold his wife to Ma FengWen for 55000000 Chi nese dollars U Mrs Chow didnt like it and complained to police Ma was arrested but Chow if still at large ;