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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 2, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTOaV AND ARCHIVES es KOINES IA THE NEWSfAMR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 2 1944 This Pipez Consists at Two One NO KB in tvtim JSKAoUn VOUL Associated Prog and United fuU Lewed Copy TURKS END RELATIONS WITH NAZIS Allies Stab Deeply Into German Lines COLUMNS RACE AHEAD TOWARD BREST RENNES Threaten to Circle 3 Huge Pockets of German Soldiers Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Multi ple prongs of British and Ameri can armored forces stabbed deep ly into twisted German lines Wednesday striding toward Brest and Rennes in Brittany break ing out in the center and threat ening to circle 3 huge pockets o the enemy Marshal Errwin man broadcasts confirmed he is in the hospital with a brain con cussion from allied air appeared faced with fresh disas ter as Lt Gen Sir Miles C Demp seys British 2nd army cracked through the center of the line and reached a position 15 miles south of Caumont Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys spearheads raced toward Rennes in the center of the Brittany pen insula and were declared to be well on their way in some force toward Brest Frances great port at the western tip of the penin sula This steel tip was already some miles past Pontorson 13 miles southwest of Avranches The Rennesbound column Prime Minister Churchill told the nous of commons in London migh already be approaching that ob jective The many armored finger probing the confused and dis fraught German defensesthreat ened not only Germans Brittany with encirclement A powerful American thrust u the See riverto Cuves 13 mile east of Avranches also threatenec to pocket Germans between ther and the British forces 4 mile north of Vire Sixteen miles sep arated the American and Britis spearheads which if joine would trap all the enemy in th Tessy Torigni Percy and Vill dieu areas On the right of this American column pointed toward Paris an other spearhead shoved farther up the Selune river to Le Baut 9 miles southeast of Avranches In the forming pocket between these 2 American columns and the British the Americans com pleted the mopping up of Ville dieu and captured Percy and TessySnrVlre Here the Ger mans were falling back so fast their front could not even be lo cated The British breakthrough al ready was curling eastward behind the Germans who so long had stood staunchly southwest of Caen Already the Germans were stumbling back out of a pocket north of VillersBocage and al ready the British had mopped up the Homme forest south of Cau mont The British were reported on the outskirts of VillersBocge While the British at last ap peared on the way to liquidatini the Bocage country keystone o Rommels defenses below Caen the American stab across Brittan was asif through soft butter Although the Brittany penin sula is 100 miles wide 150 mile 1 long and roughly a dozen times as big as the Cherbourg penin Mason City on New Air Line of MidContinent Story and Picture Page 11 MINNEAPOLIS 300 ARRESTED AS GANGS ROVE IN BUS STRIKE Windows Are Smashed in Flareup of Race Trouble in BULLETIN Philadelphia JP The Phil adelphia Citizens committee asked Mayor Bernard Samuel Wednes day to declare martial law in Philadelphia to prevent a re sumption of Negrowhile fights and gang looting attendant upon a tieup of the citys bus trolley and subway system The com mittee which also asked Presi dent Roosevelt to seize the para lyzed transportation system said that if the intolerance and re action is permitted to continue it will be the beginning of the spread of reaction against other minority peoples particularly the Jews and Catholics Reds Reach Baltic Sea Below Riga and Close Trap on 2 Disorganized German Armies Moscow flying wedge of red army troops Wednesday hac reached the Baltic sea below Riga closing a trap on 2 disorganized armies in the area ex tending northward lo the Gulf of Finland Striking out from newlycap tured Tukums on the coasta railway 9 miles from the sea anc 30 from Riga Gen Ivan C Bagramians first Baltic army drove to the coast Tuesday tliei immediately began fanning ou on the heels of the fleeing Ger IOWANS TOP E BOND QUOTA Exceed 5th War Loan Mark by Des Moines bought 1 mans to the south and west Only the sea remained as at least E escape route for Hitlers trappe 400000 more than the legions but the Russian air fore menaced this avenue Front dis patches indicated it may be onl a matter of days until the enem is wiped out In Latvia and Es tonia Four Russian armies now are during the fifth war loan drive which ended Monday the state war finance committee reported Wednesday That figure is not final since sales still are being tabulated and a complete report is not expected ciosing until later in the week the com mittee said jn on the isolated Ger mans The soviet midnight com munique foretold a German catas DES MOINES Further evidence that Ma on City will be on the ptost var air map was revealed Vednesday when the Mid Continent Airlines filed an application with the civil aeronautics board for a per Philadelphia armed Negroes JP Gangs of roamed a Negro mit to operate theair route shown in solid lines in the map above The company al ready has the trunk line shownin broken which stops also will be madf in Mason City when the loca airport is readjrfor use The full story is given on page 11 residential section in northwest Philadelphia Wednesday smashed 500 windows and attacked and seriously injured 8 white persons police said as race trouble flared in a tieup of Philadelphias public transportation system The police arrested more than 300 on charges varying from ma licious mischief to aggravated as sault and battery and carrying Last minute purchases over the ttOphe jn a single sentence weekend put the drive on such Thus our troops have cut all alis eading from the Baltic to said Iowa has exceeded its quota East prussja in every war financing drive of the There is no definite word on how many Germans remain in the upper Baltic states but it is amounted to against a known tnat tne 16th and 18th concealed deadly weapons Three thousand city policemen and 7000 auxiliary policemen were on duty said most of the gangs were made up of teenage boys armed with bricks bottles stones clubs knives or guns Race disorders broke out Tues day night after a work stoppage stranded many of the citys 1500 000 daily riders of buses trolleys quota of in National Drive Washington 000000 5th war loan exceeded its goal by establishing a new record for a war financing operation armies once totaling 350000 men vyere assigned to the isolated re gion With Biga isolated and German survivors there dug in with their backs to the sea Bagramian sent an armored column speeding after enemy forces streaming toward Leipaja 83 miles to the westward outside the isolation ring Closing of the Baltic trap paved Release of the and subway trains and cut heavily into war production sula its reduction was proceed ing at a faster clip The break in the center of the Germans line by Lt Gen Sir j Miles Dempseys British threat rrtll ened to engulf the remainder of nemy defenses which had suf fn Klin TmllfUK ered the loss of 20000 prisoners jtO KUn L week and the destruction or ear destruction of a dozen divi lons Dempseys 2nd army rocked the Germans back 12 miles from Cau mont and Associated Press Cor espondent Roger Greene quoted British staff officer as declar ng Marshal Erwin Rommel must tand and fight between on the high VillersBocage and CaenJ and I think we shall destroy him there Allied staff officers have quoted prisoners and French peo ple as reporting the serious wounding and even death of Rommel The Germans say Rom mel still is in command of the army in Normandy however The breakthrough south of Cau mont threatened to pocket the bit terly resisting Germans in the hills southwest of Caen and al ready Dempseys columns spear ing through Le BenyBocage to within 5 miles of Vire old Nor man capital were curling east ward in an encircling maneuver Greene said armored units had penetrated far ahead of the main forces toward Estry 8 miles northeast of Vire and 26 miles southwest of Caen Philadelphia UR The navy provided special buses to trans port workers to its Philadelphia yard Wednesday and the OPA made extra gasoline available to other war workers as the possibil ity loomed that troops might be called to operate trolleys buses and subway and electric trains to break a crippling transportation strike in this war production cen ter Transportation employes at a mass meeting Tuesday night Ut terly announced their determina tion to stay out as long as the company uses Negro operators Army officials declined to com ment on the possibility of troops taking over the transportation system but it was reported troops were available and ready lo as sume operation on an hours notice Meanwhile army marine and navy trucks of all sizes and de scriptions moved into a steady file picking service Treasury Morgenthau tailed it excellent news to send to our fighting men and a remarkable achievement made possible be cause of the wholehearted co operation of all the American people Plans now are being made for the 6th war Joan It may open Nov 11 Armistice day and close Dec 7 anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor but the dates have not been announced for mally The goal has not been de cided upon Corporations exceeded their quota of in the 5th loan by about 54309000000 while the quota for in dividuals was exceeded by 5330 000000 TURKS BREAK WITH is expected to grant the allies facilities for air and naval bases In ad dition Turkeys change from a neutral to an active par ticipant would open new supply lines to Kussia up workers for various departments Traffic in midcity was in a continual snarl as automobile owners took advan tage of the special gasoline rations to travel to work by car The stoppage which tied up the companys 1900 trolleys GOO buses BERLIN ADMITS ROMMEL HURT Reports Nazi Chiefs Car Bombed Strafed London admitted Wednesday that Field Marshal Er win Rommel was seriously injured when an allied plane bombed and strafed his staff car in Normandy on July 17 but asserted that the erstwhile Desert Fox is out of danger and recovering satisfactor ily The official nazi DNB news agency said Rommel suffered brain concussion and other undis closed injuries in an accident1 that followed the strafing attack DNBs account tacitly confirme reports relayed by captured Ger man soldiers in Normandy tha Rommels car overturned when hit by gunfire from the sto soviet northern divisions for di rect Germanylncon cert with the fastmoving Russian armies to the south While Marshal Konstantin K Hokossovsky battered a gains Warsaws eastern door Gen Ivan Cherniakhovsky extended his triplepronged attack on East Prussia after his conquest of Kaunas A1 London broadcast heard Wednesday morning by CBS said that in Moscow the announce ment of a Russian march into East Prussia is awaited hourly and that Russian artillery already s shelling enemy positions in erman Cherniakhavskys cavalry and nnored units swept within 10 miles of the East Prussian frail er fortress of Eydtkuhnen fol owing seizure of Antigne Addi onal 3rd White Russian army orces occupied 300 populated laces Tuesday Spearheads of Gen G F Zak arovs 2nd WhiteRussian army lunched toward Lomza old Pol sh communications center just outh of East Prussia and the left AMERICAN SPEARHEADS POINT arrows indicate main allied drives along Normandy battle front black with open arrow pointing toward Paris along main VireParis highway 59 trackless trolleys and elevated and subway lines started when the operators and conductors re ported for work and then asked to be excused because of illness The illness was an epidemic within hours The reason for it was that the company had placed 8 Negroes in operation schools under the war manpower commissions referral plan banning discrimination In the hiring of workers The Negroes had been porters and the strikers objected to their being up graded to motormen and conduc tors The Philadelphia regional war labor board directed the operators to return to work immediately on the grounds that walkout was ser iously curtailing vital war work And their union said their strike was unauthorized But neither board nor union could prevail Government authorities and em ploye representatives were to have met Tuesday night but the parley was called off by U S Atty Gen Francis Biddlc when inter national representatives of the transport workers union CIO re fused to attend Government of ficials here said they would deal only with union representatives and not with leaders of the 5800 strikers ing plane It was the first officialwor from Berlin on the fate of Romme who had variously been reporte sEnd May Be Sooner Than He Once Expected Cites Gains London Minister Churchill said Wednesday he felt that the final end of the war against the axis would come sooner per haps much sooner than he once expected of the AngloTurkish military al On every battle front all over the world he told the house of liance and that the United States commons the armies of Germany and Japan are recoiling I am had supported the British in this creasingly led to feel that the ENTRY IN WAR DEPENDENT ON GERMAN MOVES Defiant Move Threatens to Squeeze Hitlers Balkan Satellites London Nazi Germanys political mastery of Europe cracked Wednesday as Turkey broke off diplomatic and commer cial relations in a defiant move that threatened to squeeze Hitlers Balkan satellites out ot the war and force a general German evacu ation of Greece and the Aegean is lands Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu announced the long expected break at a meeting of the national assembly in Ankara Wed nesday declaring that the rupture effective immediately was decid ed upon at the request of Great Britain A BBC broadcast heard by the United Press in New York said Saracoglu told the assembly blunt ly that Turkeys entry into the war now depends entirely upon Germanys attitude The action was expected to be followed by a Bulgarian attempt to make peace with the allies with Komania and Hungary probably following the Bulgars out of the axis camp The Turkish diplomatic stroke came hard on the heels another blow to Germanys prestige in the north where Finland appointed Marshal Baron Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim president in an ap parent move toward peace for that unhappy satellite Mannerheims appointment ap peared to presage a general re shuffle of the Finnish government that rejected Russias peace over tures last April Saracoght disclosed his govern ments decision to break with Ger many in a defiant speech to the national assembly which immedi ately ratified the cabinet action by unanimous vote He revealed that Britain had asked Turkey to sever relations the nazis under the terms ving swung due south to add to he pressure against Warsaw The midnight communique made no mention of the siege of Warsaw but there was evidence hat the red army was laying the groundwork for a great victory in that sector West of Siedlce in the Warsaw direction the Russians reported terval between the defeat of Hit ler and the defeat of Japan will be much short I had at one time sup posed He mentioned no dates But confident and cheerful he sketched bright pictures of a swiftly approaching victory He spoke one hour and 45 minutes before the house which had just voted itself a 7week holiday Aside from the Japanese refer ence the most definite state ment he made on this score was I fear greatly the raising of false hopes but I no longer feel bound to deny that victory may come perhaps soon In the same vein he said that One cannot take more than a sweeping glance of the World war ns it approaches the end of its 5th year and as it approaches perhaps its closing stage The prime minister disclosed much I had at one time supposed request Britain he said agreed to pro vide economic assistance and military equipment to help Tur key meet the difficulties which United States navy alone is already double the size of Japans and the British fleet in I will arise from this decision Asiatic waters will be greatly strengthened by the end of the year and BritishCan Saracoglu said word of the cab inet decision already had been transmitted to the British gov ernment where it was received adian forces were of about equal with great satisfaction strength in the invasion of Nor mandy but the United States forces now are larger We have inflicted losses on the enemy about Two days later in a signed letter to the foreign office the British ambassador said this posi tive decision of the Turkish cab double those which we have suf jnet was real proof of the friend fered ourselves critics of British tanks he said both the Cromwell and the Americanmade Sherman were ex cellent and the notorious Chur chill the most thickly skinned ship agreement between Turkey and Great Britain and also ex pressed the importance of Tur keys position in the decisions she was about to take he said Authoritative sources in London critically injured and dead as result of the accident j DNB said his condition at pres ent is satisfactorily and that there is no danger to his life Lhe capture of another German general Lt Gen Franke of the 73rd infantry division the 27th nazi general captured in the sov iet summer offensive Moscow dispatches Tuesday said the Germans after sending German civilians to safety were applying the torch to Warsaw GermanV broadcasts Tuesday night said the Russians still clung to one of several bridgeheads thrown across the Vistula river in the Deblin area 57 miles south east of Warsaw Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Hurricane Hits North Carolina Coast Moves in Toward Tennessee Wilmington N Car weather bureau reported Wednes day that a hurricane which lashed the North Carolina coast Tuesday night plunging the city into darkness uprooting trees and destroying seaside homes was moving inland toward Tennessee and Kentucky with diminishing intensity There were no immediate re ports of deaths although dozens of persons were treated at hos pitals after being struck by the limbs of trees or broken window glass borne by an 80 mile an hour wind Hundreds rushed inland out of the path of the storm and thou sands of brought to Wilmington by bus from sur rounding beaches Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued warm Wednesday night and Thursday Iowa Fair and continued warm Wednesday night and Thursday except occasional thundershow ers west portion Wednesday night Minnesota Generally fair Wed nesday night and Thursday ex cept scattered thundershowers west portion Wednesday night Continued warm IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 88 Minimum Tuesday night fi2 At 8 a m Wednesday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum S9 Minimum 73 that the Normandy invasion and the coordinated red army offen sive resulted from an agreement with Premier Stalin at Teeran The news from Normandy he told a cheering House of Com mons is extremely good and the first American army advancing down the Atlantic coast might well be approaching the important railway center of Rennes about hallway across the base of the Brest peninsula Of Italy be said We may hope that operations of the utmost vigor will be continued by Gen eral Alexander allied comman der in chief and Iiis army hroughout thc summer and au lunin But he added that while thing were going well there it is the Russian army who have done th most work tearing the guts out o thc German army The prime minister brought the war sharply home to Britons with the disclosure that 4735 persons have been killed by rocket bombs 60tonner is coming into its own described the Turkish break as a The Germans were warned j diplomatic defeat of the first order that the only result of their inclis for Hitler and his wily ambassa riminate use of rocket dor Franz von Papcn who has vhich may become heavier and spared no effort in Ankara to try be that to keep the Turks in line and their punishment after t h e i r maintain the solidarity of Ger veapons have been struck from manys Balkan coalition heir hands by our fighting men Tnesc sources warned against vill be appreciably increased speculation that Turkey would confirmed Turkish severfollow through with a declaration ance of diplomatic and economic war against Germany but ad ties with Germany and said thu if mitted they could not be certain the axis struck at Turkey we that thc Turks will or will not shall make common cause with her cnter thc war fully on thD allied and take the German menace as well as we can in our stride negotiators of the Polish government in exile in Moscow he said it would be a marvelous thing if a fusion of rival Polish forces could be proclaimed when Warsaw is being liberated by the bravery of the Russian armies whole of Europe is slid ing irresistibly into new and se cure foundations The prime minister touched with 14000 injured and 17000 homes destroyed since the at tacks began June 15 lie said the invasion of Norman dy June 6 fulfilled a promise made to Stalin at Tehran that such a plan would be put into opera tion at the end of May or the be ginning of June The soviet leader promised in return Churchill said that the whole of the Russian armies would be thrown as indeed they have been into the general battle in the east Other highlights from the prime ministers war summary I I am increasingly led to fee that the interval between the de feat of Hitler and the dcteat of Japan will be shorter perhaps lightly upon internal ditticulties of Germany but said these must shock to the foundations the con fidence of the people and the loy alty of the armies He said that Ambassador Franz von Papen who failed in the as signment to keep Turkey neutral might now be returned to Berlin to take part in the blood bath that he so narrowly escaped at Hitlers hands riod in an earlier pe Russians Reported 328 Miles From Berlin By UNITED PRESS The shortest distances to Ber lin from advanced allied lines Wednesday Russiar328 miles miles miles side Saracoglu himself made it clear that the Issue ot war or peace is in German hands Thc decision you are about to lake he told the assembly is not a decision for war That will pcnd on the attitude taken by the opposition sideI am sure the de cision which will be taken by the assembly which has Turkeys fato in its hands will be a great and historic decision and will be use ful for the future happiness of the country The Turks thus ended their long period of indecision and threw in boldly with the allies Bulgaria and probaby Romania and Hungary w e r c believed awaiting only a signal from Tur key to attempt to divorce them selves from the axis and withdraw from the war A cabinet crisis was reported already under way in Hungary with army leave can celed and nazi SS elite storm troops patroling the streets of Budapest Turkeys decision to break with Germany was attributed to a de sire for a voice at the peace table and for a resumption for ship ments of arms and other lend lease materials which were halted abruptly last spring when she re fused lo cooperate fully with the allies ;