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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM OtPARTUENT OF HISTORY ANO ABCHI UES UOUES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS POL L Ed Pi nd United Press Pull wires five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 1 IM4 This Paper Consists of Two O GAIN ALONG ENTIRE FRENCH FRONT Reds Assault Warsaw Suburbs as Germans Blow Up Buildings PL ANt SAND BIG GUNS RIP NAZI FRONT DEFENSE Flanking Maneuvers Also Threaten Capital 2144 Places Taken Moscow in from 3 directions under hundreds of red starred planes Russian and Polish troops Tuesday attacked Praga industrial suburb of Warsav across the Vistula river east of the capital Russian flyers reported demon lions exploding in the o and Izvestia said th Hitlerites in their fury are burn ing and blowing up many build ings A front dispatch said at leas one German infantry division a ready had been routed in the bat tie for Warsaw Marshal Konstantin K Rokos sovsky himself of Polish descen Quezon 65 President of Dhilippine Islands Dies Saranac Lake N Y Luis Quezon 65 first president f the Philippine commonwealth died at Tuesday as his associates were planning a cele vation for his birthday 2 weeks hence Ill for the past several years from tuberculosis and heart dis ease the frail little chief execu live of the Philippines neverthe less had rallied sufficiently from a recent relapse at this spa to encourage his friends and associ ates to plan a party for his 66th birthday on Aug 19 Genera Valdez Quezons per sonal physician said Quezons death at this time was unexpect ed since he had been improving very well especially during the last 2 weeks Valdez quoted Quezon as say ing just Tuesday morning that never felt so well in my life and said that the president wa cheered by recent news of allied victories in the Pacific theater He said to his family severa times recently that it would no MANUEL QUEZON Report Warsaw Is Enveloped by Big Pa II of Smoke London Russian gov ernment organ Izvestia reported Tuesday that Warsaw was en veloped in a great pall of smoke and the Germans apparently were puttingthe torch to the city pre paratory to1 abandonint it to battlinr Irenchments on the edge of Praga Warsaw first united nations capital to hear the roar of libera ting cannon and the keystone of Germans east wall also was threatened by flanking maneuvers n which the red army struggled o bridge the Bgcad Vistula south ast of the city Another column ought close to the stream on the lorthwest Front dispatches indicated the battle for Warsaw would be fierce y prolonged by the German com As the battle for Warsaw roared toward a climax Berlin said the red army Kid stormed across the Vistula river 55 miles io the southeast and Moscow gave tacit support to the enemy report that the last bie barrier east of German Silesia hid been forced An Izvestia dispatch from the front indicated that Warsaw Polish capital already once martyred in this war was ablaze under the rolling mass of smoke The United Press dispatch from Moscow quoting the Izvestia ac count said earlier reports reach ing the Russian capital had toll of the evacuation of nazi officials and German civilians from th capital bearing out signs tha Adolf Hitler had tfven up hope of holding the capital of the firs nation he seized by force of arms The exiled Polish govemmen in London received underground reports from Warsaw Tuesda that the Germans had evacuate 25000 German civilians leavin only army troops and gestapo agents in the city personally directed the red armys mammoth assault on the inetro politan area of the Polish capital of 1265700 from an advance headquarters One of the greatest artillery concentrations of the entire east ern front ripped into German en DEWEY CLAIMS GERALD SMITH RACE BAITER Scores America First Partys Naming Bricker for Vice President Springfield 111 Thomas E Dewey opened his re publican presidential campaign in Illinois Tuesday with a charge that Gerald L K Smith America first leader was a racebaitini rabble rouser comparable to Adol H i 11 e iand was seeking t smear Gov John W Bricker o Ohio the GOP vice presidentia candidate Dewey assailed Smith here In brief comment on the announce ment that the latters more or les I CUC1H1J fcliafc mi wuiu onbefore they all were hack phantom America first party ha he islands Valdez said nominated Smith for president and Bricker for vice president The report got Deweys first and be L in th Quezon complanied of panis at a m and within a few nand whichwas Binder orders by Hitler to stand without retreat v Rokossovsky who has been building up reserves for a week ashed forward with a coordinated air and ground bombardment that aid an explosive curtain in front of his veteran infantry A Berlin broadcast declared remained calm but said the roar of a tank battle can be heard in the The assault on Warsaw virtual ly was matched in importance by a 3pronged red army drive against East Prussia in a sector now 143 miles wide Gen Ivan Cherniakhovskys command ap proached within 118 miles of Eas Prussia proper In neither direction beyond Warsaw or toward East can the German army give fur ther ground without imperiling the whole structure of the reichs eastern defense hut on both of these fronts the numerically su perior red army is forcing Hitler to scrape up all reserves The latest communique an nounced the Russians overran 2144 localities Monday a record for the soviet summer otfensive Cherniakhovsky the young Jewish general assigned the task of battering into East Prussia has methodically prepared for con quests of the lakedotted north ern reaches of that province by clearing 3 big road networks eading across the frontier From Kopiec 118 miles from the prewar Prussian border di rectly west of Grodno one o Cheriakhovskys 3 arms pointed at Lyck 20 miles away Another force was mopping up the Suwalki triangle claimed b Hitler as German land since 1939 From Pilviskiai farther north the 3rd arm thrust west wart along the railway leading ti Koenigsberg East Prussias capi tal of 383433 Germanys 18tl largest city Streams of German fugitive were reported pouring back int Riga greatest port of the Balti republics after Gen Ivan C Bag ramians army sweeping throug Latvia toward the sea capture Jclgava 21 miles southwest minutes had lapsed into a coma The Quezon amiiy who had been with him at his Saranac lake cabin was summoned and all were present when he died Associates believed Quezons death might have been hastened by his devotion to the Philippines Last year when his tubercular condition worsened he was or dered to go to Arizona fora pro onged rest Instead he went to Tlorida where hesaid he could ceep itL closer touch with his Qiiezoh tu berculosis and hearttrouble for several years but by careful hus banding of his strength carriec on the leadership of his govern ment during the establishment of the commonwealth and the war isis The commonwealth was estab lished as a quasiindependent nation in 1936 and Quezon had been its only president Quezon fled from his native Luzon in a submarine Feb 20 1942 after the Philippines fell to the Japanese He had already begun work on plans for freedom of the islands from the Japanese and the early urgent attention when he arrived here at a m CWT on a campaign organization swing which took him into Pennsylvania Monday and will lead him to St Louis Wednesday Dewey was advised of the America first party action in a telephone call from Republican National Committee Chairman Herbert Brownell in New York At a press conference he read the following statement Gerald Snuth is one those rabblei ousels who like Adolf Hitler makes racial prejudice his stock in trade This contemptible attempt to associate himself with Gov Bricker is a sinister effort to smear the republican candidate for vice president Bricker to St Louis ut Dewey said he was confident his running mate would speak or himself in characteristic forth right fashion The America First party action came after a series by Smith against Dewey including suggestion that he resign the RUINED FRENCH brick walls and parts of the roof are all that re main of this church in Sainteny France after being shelled In foreground is the me morial to the towns World war I dead with the surmounting column toppled to the ground on the left and the tricolor draped at its base Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving complete independence of the Philippines A resolution passed y congress only a few months go provided that the date of in ependence would be advanced rom July 4 1946 if the Japa expelled before that ese were ime OSMENA TAKES OATH AS NEW PRESIDENT Washington Os mena vice president of the Phil ppines took the oath as presiden fueSday afternoon to succecc Manuel Quezon who died Tues day morning Associate Justic Robert H Jackson of the suprem court administered the oalh he office of Interior Secretary ekes who now is performing the presidential nomination and per mit Bricker to take over Dewey sharply repudiated Smith prior to duties of high commissioner the Philippines of NAMED DISTRICT DIRECTOR Des Moines fl Walter p Kline Monday was named district director of the Des Moines office of price administration which he has served as acting director since last Feb 4 the republican national conven tion when the America First ora tor was assailing the New York governor His sharp rebuke to Smith Tues day followed within a few days of his repudiation of Rep Hamil ton Fish R N Y who is a candidate for reelection and who was charged by Dewey with play ing upon racial prejudice In that instance Fish had remarked in an interview that Jews uniformly supported the Roosevelt admin istration BRICKER SAYS S1IITH PARTY ACT RIDICULOUS Columbus John W Bricker republican vice presiden tial nominee said Tuesday that the action of the America First Group in nominating him as the running mate to Gerald L K Smith in Detroit Monday was ridiculous I will not accept such a ridicu lous offer Bricker said I shal not permit my name to be used in any such connection F R Names Stilwell Full General New Drives Hinted Washington Roosevelt Tuesday nominated Lt Gen Joseph Warren Stilwell American commander of Chinese forces in Burma to be a full general in army of the United States i The proposed promotion rais iiur StUwell to a rank held by Gen George C Marshall Gen Douglas MacArthur and Gen Dwight D Eisenhower suggested the probability of new and more important work or Stilwell in the BurmaChina area In the American military or ganization he holds the assign ment of commanding general of U S army forces in the Burma China theater He also holds a topflight position under General issimo Chiang Kai Slick of China and has certain staff duties under the allied commander in chief in southeast Asia Lord Louis Mount batten Authorities here would not be surprised if Stilwells promotion as recommended to the senate Tuesday by the president fore shadowed an intensification of al ed war effort in the southeast Asia area particularly by trengthening the organization o Chinese armies The problems in this connection are twofold Initially the gob i o keep a maximum amount o applies flowing into China by ai Khile clearing a land rout hrough Burma which must serv until such time as the naval force driving across the Pacific from Guam and New Guinea can ope China seaport on the Asiati mainland Secondly it is to bring about the full training and so far as necessary the reorganization of Chinese military forces into a powerful combat team One of the main concerns of the allied war leaders here has been CLARK FISH FACE VOTERS Tough Opposition m Bids tor Renominatipn By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two of congress most colorful igures come up with renomina ion tries against tough opposi tion Tuesday Rep Hamilton Fish in Yorks 29th district and Sen Bennett Clark in Mis souri Fishs chances are affected not alone by the strength of his op ponent Atty Augustus W Ben nett of Newburgh but also by the fact that Gov Thomas E Dewey and Wendell L Willkie have called for his defeat Fish outspoken republican who has been in the house since 1920 LT GEN STILWELL ALLIED FORCES APPROACH KEY TOWN OF VIRE Invasion Is Carried Forward Into FrencK Province of Brittany Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force can forces carried the invasion France into Brittany Tuesday and oE the Vire river a speeding AmericanBritish spearhead ap proached the key city Vire as gains continued along the entire front Tuesday night the Americans were driviiik back the Germans without pause in the costal corri dor of the western offensive Canadians burst forth with new lighting on the Parispointed east Hank of the advance line The biggest offensive the in vasion hurtled into its second week with augmented power The Germans transNormandy line was smashed in a dozen places Disorganized nazis yielded them selves as prisoners in droves Fighterescorted American col umns pushed south of Avranches across the Selune river the Nor mandyBrittany boundary line miles to Pontaubault and be yond and ran through Ducey 6 miles beyond the river The juggernaut headed for Vire was only 5 miles away from that tey communications center On he way the column captured Le Beny Bocage German hill strong hold 8 miles north Vire The allies were on the move along the whole 80 ra i 1 e Nor mandy front Some Yank units turned east ward from the coast and ap proached close to the northsouth na4 taking most ol Gram vHIeVilledieu highway mrprette headquarters announced Villedieu itself w a s hemmed in by American units closing in from both the north and west The Americans now were within 2 miles of that Nor mandy road hub city which is 11 miles northeast of Avranches A front dispatch said other units had smashed past the town to the south Still further to the north east heavy fighting was raging near Percy and northwest of TcssySurVire Driving across the Souleuvre river less than 2 miles west ol the German stronghold of Le Beny 1 Mrs Artie Shaw Will Divorce Band Leader Hollywood Artie Shaw said Tuesday that she was living with h e r parents and planned to file suit for divorce against the band leader Mrs S h a w daughter of Composer Jerome Kern a n cl Shaw were married in March 1942 at Yuma It was the 2nd marriage for Shaws 1st wife was Ac how to use Chinas vast manpow er resources in finally crushing the Japanese Hundreds of Nazis Fleeing Turkey Break ReportedNear London of German nationals fled from Turkey Tuesday and their embassy staff prepared to follow them as allied sources predicted that the Turks defying nazi threats of reprisals would break relations with Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Tractor Overturns and Kills Iowa Farmer Shelby Norman 43 farmer was killed Monday when the tractor he was driving AT WARSAWS shal Stalin has announced the capture of Jelgnva top arrow and Siedlce bottom Germans reported that Russian forces hmd opened an attack against Warsaws industrial suburb of Praga on the east bank of the Vistula river and that red army forces had cap tured the former Lithuanian capital of Kaunas overturned neath pinning him under lowa Boy on Bike Is Killed by Streamliner Cedar Rapids Po pelka 14 was killed Monday when struck by the eastbound City of San Francisco streamline train as he rode his bicycle between tracks of the North Western line many within the next 24 hours United Press Staff Correspond ent Leon Kay reported in a dis patch from Ankara that the Ger mans were crowding aboard trains at Istanbul in an effort to get across the frontier into Bul garia before the break Kay said the parliamentary group of the republican peoples sole political party in scheduled to meet in Ankara Tuesday afternoon presumably to discuss Turko German relatipns Travellers from Sofia he add ed reported Bulgarian political sources expect the break to come as a result of Turkeys reported decision to grant military bases Bulgarians arc expected to re main neutral The Turks meanwhile ap peared to be ignoring a nazi warning that a diplomatic break would have very grave conse quences for Turkey and Kay reported the nazi embassy staff was packing for an apparently imminent departure A special plane brought the Is tanbul contingent of the to Ankara Monday Three moving vans transferred wine from the former CzechoSlovak legation which German Ambassador Baron Franz Von Papen has been us ing to the old German embassy j building as a precaution in the event that the Czechs reoccupy the legation after the expected rupture Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers Tues day nighlTand Wednesday Not much change in temperature Iowa Thunder showers Tucsdaj afternooiirand Tuesday nigh and in noriheast and extrcnm east portions Con tinned warm moderate wind except strong briefly during thi thundershowers Minnesota Partly cloudy with m decided change in temperatur Tuesday night and Wednesdaj Scattered thundershowers southeast portion to the allies and to expel German The Clandestine radio station agents and 5th columnists from Atlantic said smoke was rising the country from the garden of the embassy In event the rupture brings i where important documents werej IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 81 Minimum Monday night 65 At 8 a m Tuesday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Turkey into the war he said the t being burned I Precipitation 66 01 nz oth ess Lana Turner was quoted in a newspaper article as having said that Jews are more or less for the new deal and that it would be better if they split their vote between the 2 major parties Dewey the GOP presidential nominee accused him of having raised religious and racial is sues Fish commented that he has simply stated facts Sen Clarks opponent for the democratic nomination is Roy Mc Kittrick Missouris attorney gen eral who has campaigned as a proRoosevelt man attacking Clarks record on prewar foreign policy Clark who al times MPS dis sented vigorously from adminis tration actions during his 11 years in the senate has the Support of Sen Harry S Truman the demo cratic vice presidential nominee Bocage the British had advanced 11 miles south of their Sunday jumpoff area around Caumont and were some 22 miles inland from the English channel This was the deepest British penetra tion of the invasion A British column to the west ward joined hands with American forces at a point southwest ot the Evecuie forest 6 miles southeast of TorigniSurVire Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys tank advance beyond Axranches puts the Americans in position to strike 10 miles across the Brittany pen insula base or to turn east toward the interior of France and Paris 160 miles away The Americans had spanned the last great natural barrier against a breakthrough o the south and also were emerging from the hedccrow and grove country HOW ALLIES POSITION THREATENS GERMAN arrows indicate how American end of allied line in France might swing south westward to chop off Brest peninsula or swing eastward around Germans toward Paris Shaded area is territory now in allied hands Solid arrows indicate current allied drives ;