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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NflCHBOtt VOL XLVn ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 1 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTION SECTION ONE NO 254 I REPORT RUSSIANS STOP NAZI DRIVE Mexico Rebukes Nazis for Request to Protest Blacklist NOT TO BROOK INTERFERENCE FROM ABROAD Tells Germany Its Request Is Imperious and Threatening MEXICO CITY rejecting with a stern rebuke a German government request that she protest President Roosevelts blacklist of proaxis firms here provided tangible evidence Friday of her intention to cooperate with the United States in solving mu tual problems created by the Eu ropean svarA Mexico told Germany she re garded the request as not only imperious but threatening and declared she would bronk no in terference from abroad in the formulation of her national policies I Welles Hits German Move as Impudent WASHINGTON Sumner Welles acting secretary of state accused Germany Friday o bare faced impudence in urging Mex ico to protest to the United States over the blacklisting of Latin American firms catalogued as proaxis Welles asserted that the Ger man government had violated and destroyed the sovereignty o many countries Therefore he said it was noth ing more or less tlian barefaced impudence for Germany to try to tell Mexico or any other country what it should do to protect its sovereign rights However he declared that Mex ico did not require any advice from Germany Welles made this press confer ence comment on the action of Mexico in strongly rejecting a German request that it protest the United States action of blacklist ing hundreds of firms in Latin America deemed to be operating She took exception particularly for the benefit of the axis to the German assertion that re signed acceptance of Washingtons antiaxis measures could not fail to influence the attitude of the Berlin government in renewing commercial relations with Mexico after the war This warning declared Mexi can Foreign Minister Ezequiel Pa dilla reveals by the sole fact of its being formulated a position ot pressure imperious and unjusti fiable which constitutes an open US Ship With Consuls Reaches Home shower Contradiction to the spirit of re ciprocal respect which governs the 1 foreign relationslot the Mexican republic Rejection of he German re quest constituted the second re buff Mexico has delivered to the rcich government within four months In April Tresident Manuel Avila Camacnos ad ministration i ejected a protest day against expropriation of Ger man ships in Mexican measure which paralleled action taken by the United States The German request on the Washington blacklist and Mexicos answer were disclosed Thursday night with the publication of notes exchanged between Padilla and the naxi minister Rudt von Col lenberg X In his note dated July 28 von CoIIenberg referred to the black list as unjust and transcenden tal asserted it violated the lib erty of commerce and even the sovereignty of Mexico and de clared it is the duty of the Mexi can government to protect the firms in question My government consequent ly he wrote hopes the gov ernment of the United States of itfcxico will protest to the gov ernment of the United States of North America against this dis crimination against commercial firms protected by Mexican sov ereignly xxx A resigned acceptance of the measure in question on the part ot the Mexican government could not but influence the decisions of the German government upon re newing commercial relations after the war Padilla in his answer said curt ly the Mexican government alone is competent in absolute fashion to note on what occasions Ihe liberty of commerce and the sov ereignty of Mexico are injured and asserted it can not permit a foreign diplomat to call its at tention to those cases in which it should intervene in defense of such lofty and precious values To the proposal that Mexico protest to Washington the for eign minister replied I can assure your excellency lhit he road Mexico will lake be that which it esteems most appropriate without the need of receiving or carrying out instructions of other au thorities conveyed by any of the accredited diplomats in this capital x x x In this matter as in all those of mutual interest to the western hemisphere the policy of my government x x x will con tinue to be inspired by the prin ciples of interAmerican coopera tion and will have as a basis the common criteria with which America is trying to resolve the problems created by the present international conflict i The blacklist which was an nounced July 17 prohibited ex ports from the United States to approximately 1800 LatinAmeri can firms suspected of doing busi ness wilh the axis including about ISO in Mexico AUGUST OPENS IN HEAT WAVE Uncomfortable and Warm Weekend Seen by Iowa Weatherman MOINES DBS traditional hot month of the year opened in Iowa Friday with a re sumptionof last weeks heat wave The weather bureau predicted a warm uncomfortable weekend the Hawkeye state Marshalltown reported a high of 100 Thursday and several points are due lor 100 degree read ings or higher Friday and Satur THE WEST POINT Contrasted with Marshalllowns 100 Thursday was Carrolls 59 Thursday night but the cool nights which lowans have en joyed this week are going to be come warmer as the heat contin ues the weather bureau said Scattered showers occurred in the eastern part of the state Thursday night with Iowa City reporting 105 inches of rain be tween 1 and 4 p m Keokuk had and Dubuque had a light Two heat deaths were reported in the state Thursday bringing the total for the current period to 13 The latest victims were Elsworlh Hartsook 75 retired Johnson county farmer and Charles John son 44 of Davenport HALL ADDRESSES KIWANIS BURLINGTON W Earl Hall managing editor of tnc Ma son City GlobeGazette Thursday addressed Kiwanis club members j here on the subject South of Panama HARRIMftNWILL REPORTTOFR American BritainAid CoOrdinator Leaves England for Washington LONDON Averill Har rimari coordinator of the U S aidtoBritain program has left England by plane for the United States to report to President Koosevelt Harrimans departure was dis closed by the United States em bassy but the announcement failed to say exactly when he left or when he was expected to re turn He was accompanied by his assistant Robert Mcikeljohn It was Harrimans first trip home since he came to London March 15 After a busy survey of Britains requirements Harriman flew to Cairo in midJune for a similar checkup on the situation in the middle east and came back to London two weeks ago He had a hurried meeting with Harry L Hopkins administrator of the leaselend program before the latter left for Moscow earlier this week Weather Report FORECAST MASON cloudy Friday night and Saturday Highest temperature Friday aft ernoon 90 Saturday 95 IOWA Clear to partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday a few widely scattered thunder showers in extreme west por tion Saturday afternoon Little change in temp ature MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Fri day night and Saturday scat tered thundershowers northwest Friday night and north and west Saturday cooler northwest Sat urday EXTENDED FORECAST Weather forecast tor the period from p m Aug I to p m Aug fi inclusive Central Standard Time Upper Mississippi Valley Iowa and Illinois Indiana Wisconsin and Minnesota except those por tions that drain into the Great Lakes The temperature AUDITORIUM IN CHICAGO CLOSES Shell of Building Is Nostalgic Relic of Culture in City CHICAGO au ditorium building closed Friday leaving its shell as a nostalgic relic of the citys cultural life before the turn of the century It was in 3889 that the audi torium theater opened with Ad elma Patti singing The Last Rose of Summer before an audience which included President Benja min Harrison For 51 years it remained a symbol of culture in the city Tumultuous Welcome Given Passengers of West Point U S Consul on Ship U S PRODUCED NEARLY 12000 PLANES IN YEAR Believe Between 18000 and 20000 to Be Made in 1941 LOS ANGELES can aircraft factories produced nearly 12000 military planes in the first year of intensified na tional defense effort a survey by Ihe aeronautical chamber of commerce revealed Friday Aircraft plants now manu facturing military planes three limes as fast as they were a year ago completed craft during the 12 months which began in June lf4fl when the government began placing large volume orders Last June production reached an alllime high ot 147I two planes every hour around the clock The chamber said production for the first six months of 1941 was 7423 bombers troop trans 11 ports lighters and trainers The entire output for was i le Purchase in this country of F D R Lauds Resistance of Russian Army WASHINGTON Roosevelt asserted Friday thiit Russias resistance lo the axis war machine was magnificent and frankly better than any I military expert ill G e r m a n y thought it would be j That was his reply at a press authorized direct an inquiry on what he j thought of Russian resistance to dale He said It is magnificent and frank ly belfcr than any military cx eorldhb Pmniiny H The lzi ivc owaid Moscow I appeared Friday to be stopped for When a reporter referring to Ulc at d ral eastern it f whSlllcr MVtension was dropping despite some Roc evclt included Germanys tnU japan will follow up her outstanlng military expert t Frcnch ldoChiner among those surprised at the Rus1 uju movc into Thai sian resistance the president j5jam gested that newsmen not spoil the story A laugh was his only i espouse to another question whether 1 Germany had been doing some I tall lying I The chief executive said lhat Russia did not come under BLOODY FIGHTS NEAR SMOLENSK ARE REPORTED Germans Admit Russ CounterAttacks Are Dominating Action BULLETIN BERLIN Berlin Fri day reported bloody engage ments in the Smolensk sector 2X5 miles from Moscow but the navi war machine still appeared to be stalled in Russia By HAKKISOV SALISBURY United Tress Staff Correspondent terms of Ihe leaselend bill and he saw no prospect thai she would The reason he said is that Russia is able lo pay for Says Saboteurs Gutted Bremen Europa Liners NEW YORK U S navy transport West Point docked with 388 passengers mostly con sulaV service employes shortly be fore noon EST Friday amid scenes reminiscent of he first re turns of World war soldiers Approximately 2400 relatives and friends lined the pier as the huge camouflaged ship was tied up and a tumultuous cheer arose as soon as those on board were allowed on the pier em braces mingled with joyful tears reminded observers of early lH9 when returning World war veterans received a like greet ing Among the consular officials re turning from Europe was Fred erick A Sterling minister to Swe den whose ill health caused him to seek a threemonth leave of absence Sterling said he would report to Washington before be ginning a recuperative leave With Sterling was Prince Carl Bernadotte of Sweden who said he was en a business mission Both denied they were here in connec lioon with reports that Sweden uas about to enter the war The two reached Lisbon by specially anyone that the Germans stayed in their own groups as did the Italians When got to Lisbon the Italians got nothing do ing for the Germans They had lo wait two days before debark ing because ofa rule that Ameri cans in occupied France had lo Set out of that country The Ger mans Rot so mad they wouldnt speak English Miss Marian McGill of Omaha Ncbr one of 17 Red Cross nurses who were aboard the Dutch liner Mossdam when it last June declined to say why she was returning alone She said that nine of the nurses were picked up by a Norwegian motor tanker after they had swam in lie cold waters of the Atlantic for 90 minutes at night She de clined to say whether the eight others had been drownedShe described the experience as quite terrifying Miss McGill said the nurses left New York June 11 for Hali fax where later they joined a con voy They reached England aboard the rescuing tanker July 4 She said they had been received by Queen Elizabeth and Winston Churchill and made a tour of the 6000 planes Official government quarters estimate the chamber said that between IS000 and 20000 planes will be produced this year Not until last January did pro duction reach 1000 a month and in only one month the total dropped be devaslatcd had left chartered plane at the last mo ment which caused some minds lion in Lisbon x The trip passengers said was Tr uilhout untoward incident and Wnman P made in calm weather and seas 1 Alfred R Thomson of Silver Spring Md consulgenera in Hamburg said he understood that both the Bremen and Europa fa mous German passenger liners had been completely burned out inside by saboteurs While I have no authority for this information said Thomson it is spoken of by everyone along the north German seaboard The Bremen is understood to be in Bremen r dont know where the Europa is English cities which deep impression on low 1200 Factories produced 972 planes in February Production leaped by 250 planes in March and the output wns increased another KiO in April May production dropped SO planes possibly because of strike1 A allied industries Oulpuf reached a record Inch in June despite a strike at the North American Aviation com panys Inglewood Cal plant which he army hart to break The survey rlid not cover July production but the chamber ex pected it to shosv an increase The chamber said government restrictions made it impossible to mention the number of planes Britain received lo lo Hundreds arc the cast coast England and being ferried for delivery many are being flown to Singa pore across the Pacific the sur vey said war equipment to be losscd into the battle against Germany No decision may be expected on an additional leaselend ap propriation the chief executive asserted until Harry L Hopkins returns to this country Hopkins leaselend supervisor now is in Moscow after having visited London Mr Roosevelt said the only word he had had from Hopkins since his arrival in he Russian Persistent and fierce soviet counterattacks particularly in the vita Smolensk scclor wore reported Friiiay ti have stemmed forward movement of nazi trtiops along the Russian front In London the Germans were thought to be reorganizing for a third offensive to attempt to break the stiff resistance of the Red army The soviet air force was giving heavy support to Russian land troops It blasted at gasoline trucks rolling up to the front lo refuel stalled panvcr divisions and at German ships in the Baltic re porting a German destroyer sunk and two other ships damaged The German DNB official nesvs agency claimed a great Gerrnsn victory had been scored in battle wilh encircled Russian troops south of Smolensk It said the Russians lost tens of thousands unij iwii nii1 ill capital was that he had got there killed 35001 men and 215 guns iy Mr Roosevelt would not say whether Hopkins might return by way of China To a question on how Hop kins to Moscow tin presi dent smilingly replied mi his own wo feet He added thai iiierc shoiihl not be discussion movements of bnth airplanes and ships in these times be cause the clement of human safety xvas involved Mr Roosevelt had no comment on a suggestion that July had with ing a definite turn Russian resistance stiffen iic war arachutist of Russians Taken by Finns Is Claim ROME reports to the newspaper Popolo Dltalia said Friday that among Russian captives taken by Finnish troops was a cribed woman as 23 parachutist blond and des good There are very few larce But its owners three estates and I sllIs he Hamburg harbor I an insurance company ultimately tnott decided the cost of operation was loo great The hotel the theater looking The prisoner it was snid was powdering her face when she was i captured FINDS PURSE WITH Highway Maintenance Worker Discovers Small Fortune in Weed Patch DUBUQUE purse con taining 32500 in postal savings certificates and a bank book with a account was found in weeds along highway 52 Thurs day by Milton Baker Dubuque highway maintenance worker Authorities said other contents of the purse identified it as be longing to Mrs Minnie Bucking ham o Tracy Minn who they said lost it in DCS Mciincs several weeks ago How it found it way to the weed patch had them baffled Nor ciid ho have anything to say on conditions in he far cast or on shipments of oil to Japan He said also he had heard noth ing of the possibility of leaselend aid to the Free French allies o Britain The president did say that lie hoped lo set away early next week and go up the coasl some where where at least the nights be ciutl lie a week off will average somewhat above normal in Illinois Indiana Iowa and near normal in Wisconsin and Minnesota cooler Minnesota and first half period No decided change else where Thunderstorms will cause moderate precipilalion most sec tions principally first half of pe riod IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalislics Maximum ThurJay 91 Minimum in night 63 At 8 a m Friday 83 YKAR AGO Maximum K Minimum fi6 Precipitation 245 and the offices were closed An organization has been formed in an effort to save the theater long famous for its acoustics and to reopen it next autumn Old patrons crowded around the hotel bar Thursday night for a final toast The head bartender Jim ONeill served the drinks but took none for himself He wanted to preserve his 27 year record of refusing to drink in the hotel Few German Planes Drop Bombs on East Southwest England LONDON Ger man planes crossed the coast during the night and dropped a few bombs on eastern and south western England without causing casualties or damage an air min istryhome security ministries communique said Friday took a lour arrmmi the water TI JT A 11 iDavis Oil Man Accused by Verne Marshall Dies at 52 tral ones brilliantly lighted Whatever damage is done to the Hamburg harbor is quickly cleared up as il is in Hamburg proper Within days even within hours squads clean up all the de bris And if an entire building is shattered within a short time there remains only a cleared va cant lot None of my staff has been injured if if if It is difficult to ascertain the morale of the German people be cause they are nonvocal Hitlers popularity shows no de cline in Germany that I could no tice he said My German friends hope we do not come into the war So far as I can sec there is no antipathy toward America M C Duguid steward man ager said the German and Italian diplomats who made the eastward crossing and were exchanged for Americans at Lisbon simply didnt mix There was no disturbance he said but it was obvious o lowan Said Davis Carried Nazi Peace Offer to U S HOUSTON Tev William Rhodes Davis 52 internationally known oilman died Friday Last January he figured sen sationally in a statement by Verne Marshall chairman of the No For eign War committee that Davis once carried to the United State a nazi offer to negotiate an honorable and just peace with Germanys foes Davis replied did wish interests of peace but I resent the inferences that 1 am engaged would wanted When n reporter started to asl I whether tljc international silua1 lion seemed to be clearing up sufficiently lo permit his absence Mr Roosevelt interrupted to re mark that he always would be ready to return to Washington within 21 hours I Roosevelt left the impression that he might visit his summer home at Campobello island where his mother already has gone The island is in New Brunswick but only a mile from United Stales territory captured j Thi naxi high command rc Jioiicd again Hut all is Koine favorably but German propa I gamin rciinrts made plain that I Kossian cmmtcratlacks 3re be ginning lo dominate Ihe action all along the front German HC I countsuniformly claimed lie counterattacks have hccu beat en olT Tlieie was nniicuablo lessening of tension between the United States and Japan due lo prompt and full Japanese apologies for the bombing of the gunboat Tuhtila and Tokio reports indicated a quiet Japanese effort may be un derway to improve American re lations However LumliHi indicated some concern over Thailand Tokio announced that Thailand has granted diplomatic recognition to Manchukuo part of thr Japanese eastern Asia sphere and a Japa nese spokesman attributed groat significance lo the action as indi eating Thailand is falling into line said he wilh the Japanese British reports said thai Ilir Japanese hail offered Thnilaml the IndoChinese province of LUMS ami the nncicnl Cambodian capital of Angkor in exchange for mililarjand naval bases and a virtual monopoly on Thai lands exports nf rubber rice anil tin j However a Thailand spokesman In reply to an inquiry whether has denied any agreement with or Britain concerning II 0nJeSi Tio British issued lengthy sfilr mcnts on the reinforcement of thrii bases in Burma which wtiulci he threatened immediately by any Japanese movc into Thailand anrl L S Amcvy secretary for India speaking in the house if commons called attention lo the danger nf wav spreading to Itulia within R few monthsboth fhe ris and thr vcst Japanese iliplciniil arriving in Japan from Moscow reporter thai Uussian troops are brine moved easl to the Siberian front as ivcll uesl toward llic Euro pean front along the herian railroad Their trip from Moscow recuiired more than Iwicc llic normal limc presum ably line to llic heavy traffic ECUADOR PERU END HOSTILITIES 27 Days of Sporadic Fighting Stopped as MediationIs Begun LIMA Peru UK Hostilities between Peru and Ecuador ceased Friday after 27 days of sporadic over tlic vital soviet rail link in any activity inimical to best interest of my country the WIMIAM DAVIS lie also said I have kept the United Stales department of state fighting along a front which at After 0 days of the bloodiest times was 60 miles long fighting of the war the Both countries finally had wchrmaclit still fateel he ask if agreed to accept the mediation of j putting the red army out of conv Argentina Brazil and the United mission while from behind the Suites i German in Ruia and The official Peruvian version in the seething occupied nations of the quarrel was that the Ecuaj of Ihe i stream indicating that thr intent npa Si enc of tlie heaviest as it iias been for more than the Smolensk area Russian reports said that sovirt I dorcans invaded Peruvian terri of reports replied immediately he tory near Lcchugal on the Zarn nupulacc is stii linfi in diico to do all he could in the milla river that lighting quickly i at German occupation fully informed of my 1 was diametrically opposite quickly developed along a 10 mile front later lengthening to 50 miles that Ecuadors SOOO troops bad been put to flight and that trantiuility in the border zone now had been restored The Kcuadorean version j rnunlcraltarks in that rcgioi have hmlrd back the German ;