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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 30, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME BJ Am Armiam Argentinas Grandeur From Plane KVITORS ij aciolher of a series of articles NTiUerc by Earl Hall Hason City GlobeGazelle managing editor in the course o tour Ibrouch Soulh America as one of a parlr of 1i cnests o the Carnegie Cndaivmeal for International NUMBER 44 By W EARL HALL BUENOS AIRES Argentina Nature was never hinder to a group of South American trans continental air passengers than it was today toour Carnegie par ty For our crossing of the Ancles the air was from it has been for weeks But a meteorological favor even more appreciated was bestowed o n u s after leaving Men doza our first landing in Ar gentina after Santiago Men doza lies in an area no more interest ing t h a n a n d much like the less interest ing parts o f Texas Heres where in i 47 it nature c a in c EARL HALL with cr kindness After attaining an altitude of some 7000 feet we pierced a layer of gray is they were gray on their bottom side when we rose above them however and looked down upon them they were a sight more gor geous if its possible than the Andes themselves One far more skilled than I in the use of words descriptive words would be seriously chal lenged by the view which burst upon us as ue rose above that layer of fleecy clouds I found myself looking upon them phen omena There were peaks lite untr Aconcagua whichwe had marveled at only an hour before There were gaping gorJres 1 mirrorlike lakes hillsandcayerns bal anced rocks i natural bridres needles Iwater tills dunes volcanoes deserts and forests Going biological in my imag ination Icould see clouds sug gestive of animals of all lions elephants and dragons One distant cloud had thelinesof a great cathedral If all this sounds a bit fantas tic its because the experience was fantastic Nature was on par ade as Ive never seen it on parade before My memory of this hour abovethe clouds will linger in mymind as lorig as my memory of Aconcagua and Christ of the i Andes from the air Aswe approached Cordoba a west Argentine city of a quar ter of a million the cload lay er thinned and we began to catch glimpses thronjh the rifts of a rich agricultural country below us The nations army air base is here and we had a good view of it as we took off follow ing a 15 minute slop Some rof Argentinas richest larmyarid stretched out before us between Cordoba and Buenos Aires The region about Mendoza further to thewesi has a shortage of water and has to depend upon irrigation for its crops but central and eastern Argentina have an abundance of rain well spaced throughout the year From the rivers below us filled to overflowing and from the ver dure of the corn and could tell there had been some heavy precipitation in recent days Except that the country is not laid out on regular sectional lines the scene below us much of the way from Cordoba to Buenos Aires was remarkably like an air view of Iowa All of us were impressed by the amazing contrast between the fertility of central and east ern Argentina and the desert 2ndil2S In mostof the mile Pacific coast shoreline we had beheld on oor Water trip from Panama to Val paraiso Once more it has been impressed npon us that we must avoid generalizations from too limited evidence The appearance as Ive stated country to the west of Buenos Aires is one of extreme fertility Practically all the land seems to be under thorough cul tivation Farm homes appear neat and spaced about the same as in our own middle west with trad ing posts every four or five miles Quite clearly however inspect ing agriculture from 10000feet in the air has its definite limitations and shortcomings I must there fore resist the temptation to draw any fixed conclusions concernin this richest section of South land which looms as our middle wests principal com shall it be coonera lorfor the worlds trade in foodstuffs HAfiiC1 His r or OES KOINES NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY BRITISH SAVE 45000 IN GREECE British hitlVOV to Serhs tn ttish Envoy to Serbs Fails to Escape on Sub PACKARD DURAZZO Albania UD de Ronald Campbell British minister to Jugoslavia and members of his staff waited here as guests of the Italians Tuesday for a special airplane to fly them to Lisbon where they will be able to return home They had failed to escape from Cutturo on the coast aboard a British submarine Campbell and his stuff reached Durazzo Friday in five Italian buses from Catlaro where they had been surprised bv the Italian invading armies They have dip lomatic immunity and are not subject to arrest A British submarine arrived in iCattaro harbor it about the sime time as the Italian infantry The British minister and members of lis party which included a group of mining engineers were waitin on the wharf for the submarine When the commander of the sub marine saw the Italian flutf go up Sill RONALD CAMPBELL at Durazzo HUGH JOHNSON NOT RENAMED Roosevelt Declines to Make Reappointment as Roosevelt to ieap ppmt Hiigh a brigadier general army reserve corps The presidents press secretary Stephen Early announced that action Wednesday and said that personalities did not enter into it Johnson was heac1 of the old NRA andin recent years has been lecturing and writing a newspaper times he has been se verely critfcal of Uie administra tion Eaily read to reporters excerpts from a letter sent to Johnson on behalf of thepresidentby Mr Roosevelts secretary and military aide Maj GenEM Watson The letter said the chiefexecu tive felt very strongly that in the present emergency reapppintment of general officers who are eligible by age to the reserve corps sh ould be restric ted to thos e whose employment in active serv ice is anticipated and that only afteiMhe physical fitness of the of ficer has been investigated tothe satisfaction of army doctors Early said Johnson was eligible for Reappointment on the score of his age as he is only 58 and that the war department had waived the question of his physical fit ness The department also had rec ommended to the president that Johnson be recommissioned He had been recommissioned previ ously for threefive year periods During that time Early said Johnson had not been on active duty or in direct touch with the army HUGH SI JOHNSON reappointcd BAKER WILL RETIRE WASHINGTON IP Major General Walter C Baker chief of the chemical warfare service and ordnance officer of the 88th division at Camp Dodge Iowa during the World War will retire from active duty his own re quest April 30 the wan depart said over CaUaro lie hoisted the liumentary flag indicating sire to parley An Italian motor boat went out to the submarine The submar ines first mate boarded thfc motor boat and went ashore to confer with the Italian commander An Italian army officer was left on the submarine as hostage Italian planes then tlew over the submarine which submerged t once U then vanished takinj the Italian officer with it leav ing its first mate in the hands of the Italians Sir Ronald ant bers of his staff leading mem U S Warships and Bombers Already Probably Playing Vital Part in Sea Patrol Informed Sources Say Units May Be in Zone of German Blockade WASHINGTON of the United Suites mvy patrol bombers ancl in all probability carrierbated aircraft informed sources reported Wednesday arc already playing vital role in patrolling ocean stretches which figure in Britains battle of Ihe This assertion was made alter President Uooscveits flat state ment that American naval ves sels were not prohibited from ciiterins combat zones bv any executive order and that they would operate anywhere deemed necessary for hemisphere de fense Mr Roosevelt in telling this to nis press conference Tuesday said that it did not mean that navy units are going Into the European combat zone or that tKeyvould goin Nevertheless apparently formedsources said it would be no surprise to them the navys pa trol air craft has been covering at least portions or area included in Germanys recent extension of IIPI counterblockade zone westward They mentioned specifically that part of the counterblockade zone which stretches from Iceland al most to the coastal waters of Greenland where the United btates has acquired defense base privileges This has been a danger area for British shipping The potential effectiveness of the whole farflung surface and air patrol is so great in the opinion of these sources that it may make the convoy question a dead issue 9 Two proposals aimed at pre venting use of the nayy for con voy duty came up for action Wed nesday in the senate foreign rela tions committee but administra tion forces were confident they had the majority to shelve both of them Sratcgists who took a Inst min ute poll reported that not more than nine of the 23 members would vote to approve either pro posal m an effort to bring it to the senate floor The fact that Chairman George DGa has said he did not be lieve the president would insti tute convoys without first obtain ing congressional approval was in terpreted in some quarters as an indication that much was expected from the wideranging defense pa trol operations Mr Roosevelt in discussing the patrol Tuesday repeated time and again that there were no mileage limits for its activities A little earlier Admiral Harold R Stark chief of naval operations had dis closed that at some points ships of the fleet were cruising as far as 2000 miles offshore but Mr Roosevelt declined to commit him self to this limit remarking tliat the 2000 mile distance depended on where you measured from Evidence of axis interest in the wide patrol system was not slow in forthcoming Several hours after Mr Roosevcll spoke Koh Isnii director pf the official board of information at Tokio spoke of the Atlantic patrols as But one step from war He said in reply to a question that extension of the patrols was in the direction of an act of ag gression and very dangerous Ihe fact that a Japanese spokes man concerned himself about na val operations in the Atlantic and not about possibilities in the Pa cific did not go unnoticed here JOINS FLYING CADETS NEW C Hay railway express agent resigned to enlist in Cadets He has been m report at Stanford Tex LOOK INSIDE FOR HARUY S TRUMAN Investigates Reports of Yacht Sale Profits PAGE 2 5000 Enter Music Contest at Waverly STATE PAGE June 2 Tentative Date for Industrial League SPORTS PAGE ATTACK IN 6 TO 10 DAYS SEEN British Press Group Says Nazis Plan to Use Syria Palestine LONDON wellin formed British Press association reported Wednesday night that Adolf Hitler was preparing to launch his main attack on Egypt and the Suez canal within six to 10 days moving westward from Libya with airborne troops but striking the hardest blow by way of French Syriaand Palestine The Press association said that the main attack would be based in Syria and wouldstart simultane ously with the drive from Libya where the British and axis forces now arefighting around Solium A late dispatch from Cairo said the British fleet had been in operation off the north African coast presumably near Solium but no details were known The diplomatic correspondent of the Press association which is close to the foreign office wrote I am informed that Hitler has boasted that his conquest of the Mediterranean will be completed before Aug 1 It is said the Ger mans intend to pass around Tur key and it is anticipated there will be no opposition in Syria because part of the French force there has been repatriated and othere are disaffected Herring Thinks Arms Manufacturing Plant to Be in Des WASHINGTON small arms manufacturing plant which would give employment to about 12000 persons probably will be lo cated at Des Moines Iowa Senator Herring DIowa said Wednes day He said no definite decision had been made but that it was a good guess the plant one of three now being planned would be located in the Iowa capital city There are eight cities under con sideration for he plant he added n to Koine and there put aboard a plane for Lisbon lie and his staff declined to make any statement to newspapermen here It was learned however that two members of the Greek legation in Belgrade came o Durazzo with the British who are quartered at the Albergo Doi Dogi the lat est hotel in Albania In all 9 Britons are at the hotel Newspapermen were permitted lo talk with them but obtained no information The dispatch made no refer ence to four missing Ameiiian correspondents who had been be lieved in he British party WARlUPPLIES CANT BE SENT ACROSS SOVIET Russia Takes Notice of Nazi Troop Arms Moves in Finland By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soviet Itusiia the Ao t riddle of the European war took notice Wednesday of the reported move ment of German troops tanks and artillery pushing north through Finland and simultaneously an nounced that the transit of war materials through Russia has been forbidden v V Taken at face value the twin actions would seem to indicate a chilling of Russias professed friendship with ready disturbed by the sweep of Adolf Hitlers conquering legions throughtheBalkans Pravda the official communist party organ said foulGerman transports landed about J2 000 nazi troops equipped with tanks and artillery at the port of Turku on April 26 Two days later Pravda said the Germans proceeded north to Tem pere Germans in Moscow said the nazi troops were among regu lar units sent to Norway through Finland under an agreement with the Helsinki government It was the first time that notice of such German troops move ments had appeared in the soviet press In London British circles ex pressed hope that the Russian ban on transit of war materials would result in choking offone of Germanys vital supply routes Less optimistic observers dis counted the move as mere win subterfuge to offset assertions that huge quan tities of goods purchased by Rus sia in the United States were finding their way into Germany thus eluding the British blockade CLAIM 35265 TONS OF SHIPPING SUNK Meanwhile Hitlers high com mand reported the new sinking of 35265 tons of British ships from stronglyprotected in attacks by German Uboats Inaddition the high command said nazi speedboats raided an other convoy off the British southeast coast Tuesday and sank three merchantmen totaling 9500 tons KEPOKT BRITISH RETREAT TO SEA CUT OFF Commenting on the last stages of tho battle of Greece the Ger man communique said nazi motor ized columns in sharp pursuit of the allies had advanced to the southern ports of the Grecian Peloponnesus cutting off the British retreat to the sea In this action so far the Ger mans said 5000 British troops in cluding a general as well as nu merous Serbs and 300 Serb of ficers were taken prisoner Authoritative quarters in London said 45000 British im perial troops had been removed from Greece to carry on the war in other theaters Previous unofficial estimates had placed the total strength of the B E F contingent in Greece at 60000 to 70000 men In the far east the commander the Singapore naval base was quoted in a B B C broadcast as saying there was definite danger of invasion in that area A steady stream of longrange British bombers was said to be arriving at the base FASCISTS CLAIM GAINS MADE IN EGYPT On the north African war front Premier Mussolinis high com mand reported that axis troops driving into Egypt toward the Suez canal had forced the British to withdraw from several points in the Salum area of Egypt just across the Libyan frontier A fascist communique asserted Nazis at Historic Site German soldiers explored fluIorch of the Maidens f the Ercih tlieum ato the Acropolis in Athens Nazi forces acupicd the Greek capital and continued to drive southward This photo nf Ne frmipi tllc Acropolis was radioed from Berlin to FARMER POP CATCHES MAN Hay wareCharged With Beating Woman Firing at Taxi Cab Driver NEWTON by a posse of farmers an unemployed construction worker Wednesday was held in the Jasper county jail accused by Sheriff Ray Barber of robbing and shooting at a taxi driver and beating a farmwife The beaten woman was Mrs Oray Schmitt 48 who resisted the man when he attempted to take the Schmitt car at her farm home near Colfax Iowa the sheriff said The officer said the man identified himself as Paul Hayward 41 and said he had been working in Nebraska and Idaho When taken to jail Barber said the man declared he remembered nothing of what happened late Tuesday that notable losses were in flicted on the British SOUTH COAST PORTS ARE STRUCK AGAIN Anxiously watching develop ments in the Mediterranean the British found new cause for con cern in a steppedup nazi aerial offensive hitting at Englands vital south coast ports Again overnight Hie luftwaffe smashed violently at bomb scarred Plymouth in a 4hour as fifth time in eight a British communi que said it was feared that a large number of persons have lost thenlives Clear weather favored the naziraiders who scattered ex plosives and fire bombs over a wide area on the English south coast The raids followed a sevenhour daylight bombardment of Dover by longrange longest such pounding that channel port has taken since the start of Ihe The Royal Air Force struck back witn another nocturnal at tack ori the big German industrial center of Mannheim The Ger mans acknowledged that British raiders had flown over southern Germany and said a number of apartment houses were damaged with some casualties but de clared no military objectives were nit Fragmentary reports indicated the German army was swiftly southern Greece with the British struggling to embark thelssl of their battered with the least possible loss of life i HOLD 12747E BELGIANS LONDON WjlBelgian circles reported Wednesdaythat Ger many is holding 127478 Belgian prisoners of war REJECT BANS ON CONVOY USE Senate Foreign Group Thinks Action Would Be Misunderstood Abroad WASHINGTON sen ale foreign rotations committee told by Secretary Hull that it is manifest that passage of an anti convoy resolution would be mis understood abroad voted down two resolutions de signed to restrict use ol navy ves sels for convoy purposes One of the resolutions by Sen ator Tobey HN would have prohibited convoys and the other by Senator Nye RN would have permitted them only if congress approved The committee in refusing to report the resolutions to the sen ate for debate acted after hear ing from the state department chief that his recommendation was flatly against passage The committee voted 13 to 9 against holding hearings on the Tobey resolution 13 to 10 against reporting it without recommen dation and 14 to 3 against sending H to the senate with an adverse report Then the group voted 13 lo 10 against reporting the Nyc resolu tion favorably and on a voice vote to order hearings on the proposal A member of the committee who left his colleagues shortly after the vote was taken disclosed the action RESOURCES SHOW GAIX DES MOINES of Iowas 543 state and savings banks increased from March 26 1940 to April 4 1941 reaching a total of S535228876 on the latter date state banking de partment records showed Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Partly cloudy with scattered showers Wednesday night and Thursday Continued mild temperatures IOWA Partly cloudy with scat tered showers Wednesday night and Thursday slightly cooler northeast Thursday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy scat tered showers south and centra Wednesday night and south Thursday slightly cooler north central Wednesday night and south Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday night 51 At 8 a m Wednesday 62 YEAR AGO Maximum 152 Minimum Precipitation 04 3000 DEAD AND INJURED LISTED BY CHURCHILL Prime Minister Says Casualties Inflicted On Nazis Were Heavy IOXOOV uRime ilinls leiWinston Chunhill tohl UJE house of Lomnmns Wednesday hat tlie British expeditionary forte righting against odds of five to one had rescued 45000 of ipOOO men from Greece and inflicted iiisiutltics On the Germans thut were many times tin 3000 killed and uoundcd suffered by Ihe imperial forces liemoval of men and listing of casualties led IliOOU of the original 00000 un accounted for it was reported Hope was said to be held out that part of the remaining 12000 would be saved in withdrawal ouciiiliotiN still in progress As 1 am iHuii anxious lo give the IHIUSC Ihe nation and the em pire the information at the earliest possible moment ancl also in view uf the extravagant claims made by the enemy Churchill said I think it is right now to give tho figures so far as they arc known to us of the evacuation of empire lorecs from Greece to the time when the evac uation was seen to be inevi table we had landed about Gtt nicn in Greece including one New Zealand and one Austral ian division From these at least 45000 men have been evacuated Cheers from the house Considering that our ahforce was through the superiority of the enemy force compelled to leave the air fields from which they could alone effectively cover the retreat of the troops and that only a small portion could bo used to cover the points of embarkation this must be considered remark able The conduct of the troops es pecially the rear guard in fight ing their way so many miles to the sea merits the highest praise It is the first instance where anbombing prolonged day after clay failed to break the discipline and order of matching columns who besides being thus assailed from the air were pursued by no less than three German armored divisions as well as the whole strength of the German mechan ized forces which could be brought to bear T In actual fighting principal ly on Mount Olympus and around Grevena and at Ther mopylae about 3000 casualties in killed and wounded were re ported to have been suffered by our troops This is a very small part of the losses inflicted on the Germans who on several occasions and sometimes for two days at a time were brought lo a standstill by forces onefiflh their number does it take any account of the German losses incurred in their assaults on the Greek and Jugoslav armies I dare say it will be possible to give a fuller account in the debate next week but I think E have said enough to show the house thai painful as are our losses we have much to be thank ful for and much to be proud of G M CairoJones laboritc asked Churchill to state whether British heavy equipment was evacuated or destroyed No Churchill replied Heavy equipment could not of course be iempved but the Germans are not short of heavy Again asked whether more than 45000 might have been rescued the prime minister said I think I said at least 55000 Supposing that anything else were going forward f would naturally not refer to it Foreign minister Anthony Eden then read a statement in which the Greek government was quoted as suggesting the British evacuation on April 21 and the statement was cheered From this document the house will see that Ihe decision to withdraw British forces from Greece was taken with full agreement and in conformity with the wishes of the Greekc government Eden said Philip John NoelBaker labor He then asked Eden to convey to the Greek premier the deep gratitude of parliament for the magnificent courage and endur ance the Greek array has shown ancl for their loyalty as allies In Greece boats of all types from fishing smacks to warships were employed and thousands of Greeks were reported to have joined in the fliaht ;