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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 29, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HiaiORY AH8 ARCHIVES e s ao IKES i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Pren and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 29 1946 One Mans Opinion Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCASTSCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday p m W01 Ames Wednesday p ra WStl low City Wtdotsdy p m WTAD Qoincj Sitttrdly p m One Journalist Who Took Down His Hair T venture that by this time many if not most of those who listen in on my onceaweek broadcasts have read that amazing book rather recently off the Macmillan press The Autobiography of Wil iiam Allen White If you havent you should Its one of the worth while hooks of our day The writer of the brief fore word on the jacket of the book didnt exaggerate at all when he to the work as the life story of one ofour most beloved Americans told as only he could telj it with his own warm appeal in personality shinine through every page In a very real sense the story of William Allen White of Em poria is the story of the great middle west growing up It covers the period from frontier days with Indians and covered wagons tothe present The Kansas editor was not only a keen observer but an active participant in that sweeping development THE story of Kansas which un folds in the White autobiogra phy MIGHT be the story oi Iowa or Missouri or Illinois The story of Emporia Kansas related in the book MIGHT be the story of Ma son city la or Quincy 111 In short its more than the story of one city one state or even one man My own experience in reading the hook is I think a rather im pressive index to its absorbing qualities I tried to do what I too frequently do to conserve time when Im Tunning throngh a fat volume I tried skipping few paragraphs or a few pages But each time I tried this found myself coming back to the parts 1 had passed over lightly The nuggets in this literary sand are just top valuable to justify any such careless I ended iip readifignbt only every page and every paragraph but every word extent my personal ac Resume Coal Walkout Parley MINERS AGREE i quaintance with William Allen No U N VOTES FOR SPANISH PROBE White may have added to the books magnetism for me I canl say Constantly however as moved from chapter to chapter I found myself going back in mem ory to my contacts with him Our calling it a friendship woud probably be overstating it a back in 1928 when we were seated alongside each other in the press gallery at the national republican convention in Kansas City It was there too that I met his lifetime friend and neighbor Henry J Allen My acquaintance with both was farthered at each snceedlng party convention In Chicago 4 years later Mr White was an amused witness when at the conclusion of a con vention session a woman came up from the delegate section the Stadium and insisted on shaking hands with me Somebody had pointed out Will Rogers to her and she had got her signals mixed She thought I was Will Rogers But the 2 incidents I remember most vividly about William AUen White had the ruddy complex toned little Kansan in a harried role Each time I feared that he was going to be struck by apo plexy THE first of these occurred in connection vrith the democratic national convention in Philadel phia in 1936 AU London of Kan sas had been named republican bannercarrier at Cleveland the previous month And Mr White had been his most ardent sponsor In the course of an attack on the Kansas nominee a convention if my memory doesnt fail me it was Senator Joe Robinson of into a syndicated column written by Mr White a few weeks in ad vance of the Landon nomination The burden of the excerpt was that while Landon had made Kan sas a good governor and that he was meticulously honest he was no great shakes intellectually Then the speaker looked np from the clipping and waited for the laughter William Allen Whites ruddy face became redder still Finally after the laughter had died down in the convention hall he arose at his seat in the press gallery next to mine pointed an accusing finger at the speaker and shouted in a highpitched voice Joe yon cant do that to me you stripped that excerpt from its context That isnt what I meant at all Touve deliberately mis represented my view of AH Lan flon But in that immense hall Mr Whites angry rejoiner was com pletely lost The speaker if he heard paid no attention to the angry republican and only a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 TO NEGOTIATION AFTER 19 DAYS Month Long Strike Reaches Crippling Point in Country Washington striking united mine workers AFL agreed to resume negotiations Monday after a lapse of 19 days The resumption was arranged by Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwellenbach as the mouthlong strike reached the point where really crippling effects on the na tion seemed imminent Schwellenbach met for 90 min utes Monday morning with Presi dent John L Lewis and other union officials He had talked Sun day with operator representatives in the longdeadlocked negotia tions Administration officials from President Truman down were seriously concerned over the com plete lack of progress toward end ing the coal strike and its strang ling effect OH industry The presi dent himself will discuss the sit uation with government experts this week It was apparent however that the administration was bewild ered as to a solution Reconver sion Director John W Snyder who gave Mr Truman a weekend re port on the dispute told him the government simply did not know exactly what Lewis wanted The coal mine operators have voiced the same complaint Meanwhile a responsible offi cial in thecivilian production ad ministration told the United Pres that production in the coalstarved steel industry was expected to fall this week to 50 per cent of capacity By digging into their reserves most steel the largest the Carnegie Illinois maintained output at high levels through the strike The industry estimate last week was 736 per cent of capacity Accord ing to government officials how ever the industry had been gamb ling on a short strike and was faced now with sharp cutbacks Railroads too were taking steps to conserve fuel While the railroad industry as a whole still had sizeable coal stocks some in dividual earners were threatened with shortages jenerol Marshall Fails to Settle Manchurian Dispute Chungking utmost powers of General Marshall have ot been enough to bridge the difference between the Chinese com lunists and the national government and the settlement of the Man hunan civil war faces an indefinite delay it was announced Monday Informed Chinese sources said Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek ad rejected the democratic league formula for the cease fire agree aent which would have left the communists in possession of a large art of Manchuria The sources indicated that the generalissimo pre erred to wait until his armies had fought their way northward and had recaptured Changchun before haltinghostilities Marshall whohasbeen conferring almost ceaselessly in recent Chiang and communist leader Gen Chou EnLai in an f v effort to reach an agreement gave he order totransfer his head quarters to Nanking Tuesday The communist spokesman con firmed that negotiations had end ed in Chungking but said they would be resumed in a few days in Nankingwhere the communist delegation is moving Chiang KaiShek also is ex pected to go to Nanking May 3 General Marshall submitted 4point proposal to Generalissimo hiang and Communist General Chou EnLai for settlement of the grave Manchurian situation the usually reliable Hsin Min Pao a 3 IN ITALY CLASH Rome flJR Three American military policemen were woundec seriously Thursday in a clash with Italian police over 2 Italian girls I was disclosed Monday Military police headquarters detilificd he wounded soldiers as 3apt George Locding Chicago vt Arthur IVishman tec Wis and Sgt Michael Marra Providence U L Officials said the shooting oc curred near the central railway station where American MP bar racks and Italian police barracks are on opposite sides of the stree Two American servicemen wer entering the MP barracks with th 2 Italian girls to attend a danc when they were stopped by 2 Ital ian policemen ia civilian clothes the announcement said Capt Loeding who came out t investigate the fracas said the Italians were beating the Ameri can soldiers with police clubs Loeding said he and the MPs had turned their backs to reen ter the barracks when he was spotlighted from the Italian head quarters He said there were 6 or 7 shots from a revolver Loeding was hit in the hip and the other 2 MPs were struck in the leg Marshall Chiang KaiShek ENGINEER SAYS HE SET BRAKE 45th Wreck Victim Dies From Injuries Chicago 01ro William W JIaine engineer of the Burlington railroad streamliner that crashed nto the rear of another train and cilled 45 persons said Monday hat he had set Jrake the emergency Btaine said through his attor icy Edward Streit that fheAla everythinsin mypowe5tostop traJnvBe safd ie set Vath the anergreucjf brake for the dlesel ocomotlve and the air brake that connects with each of the cars Members of the train crew tes tified Saturday at a hearing con ducted by the railroad that they did not feel an emergency ap plication of the brakes Streit the engineers lawyer charged that the railroads sche dule spaced the two trains too closely together The schedule called for them to be about two minutes apart and travelling aboul 80 miles per hour The wreck occurred last Thurs day at Naperville 111 when the Exposition Flyer plunged into the rear of the Advance Flyer which had made an unscheduled stop The death total mounted to 45 when Miss Lena Sayler 32 Bruns wick Nebr died in a hospital with a fractured skull Kentuckys first settlement was Harrodsburg which was settled in 1774 progovernment ported Monday newspaper re in a Chungking dispatch the newspaper disclosed the points 1 An immediate and uncondi tional armistice 2 Retention of ihe status quo of the Manchurian regimes until a general election 3 Reorganization of the Man churian troops under an army re form program 4 Discontinuation of the use of United States ships for transfer ring government troops to Man churia except for territorial re covery purposes Meanwhile the Chinese co munist party through its new China Daily News Monday ad mitted its charge that United States planes had strafed munistliriesm Manchuria was a mistake The charges the paper said re sulted from the use by theChinese national government of nonper manent paint in covering the markings of aircraft purchaser from the United States The statement followed the ex planation by General Marshall April 23 in denying the com munist assertion two days earlier that American planes had strafec communist lines and that one hac been shot down with an American flyer in it 28 TOP JAPAN MILITARY MEN FACE CHARGES War Lords Will Be Arraigned May 3 on 55 Specific Counts Tokyo warlord Hideki Tojo and 27 other militar stic leaders were indicted by the allies Monday as war criminals They will be arraigned May 3 on 55 specific charges ranging from murder of thousands of Americans Pearl Harbor spiracy to world into slave states ot the axis Tribunal members heard chief allied Prosecutor Joseph B Kee nan read the indictments at the Japanese war ministry building hen called U S Navy Capt Bev erly M Colcman who will head the defense into a brief conter 15 Persons Homeless After Davenport Fire Davenport persons were homeless Monday following an apartment house blaze in the business district Saturday night It was the 3rd rooming housi As he presented the indictments Keenan outlined three categories charges Crimes against peace conventional war crimes and crimes against humanity Of fenses thus range from maltreat ment of individuals to world con spiracy and Keenan made it plain that the whole 18year story of Japans bloody bid for world power will be told in the forth coming trials Included in the indictments were Four former premiers Tojo Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma Koki Hirota and Gen Kunlakl Koiso Adm Osami Nagano former statiwhose direct order launched the attack on Pearl Har bor Gen Kenjl Doihara Japans Lawrence of Manchuria who engineered the prewar Manchur ian incident Three principal arrangers ot the tripartite pact with Italy and Germany Former Foreign Minis ter Yosufce Matsuoka Gen Hiro shi Oshima exambassador to and Toshio Shiratori exambassador to Italy Six other former ministers Gen Sadao Araki war Okinori Kays finance Jiro Minami war Main or u Shigemitsu foreign Shigetaro Shimada navy and Shigenori Togo foreign minister when the war began Gen Hoshijiro Umezu who with Shigemitsu signed surren der terms aboard the U S S Mis souri in Tokyo bay last Septem ber Marquis Koichi Kido former lord keeper of the privy seal and advisor to Emperor FORMER JAPANESE PREMIERS 28 persons indicted in Tokyo Monday as war criminals were 4 former Japanese premiers They are left to right Kiichiro Hiranuma and Gen Kuniaki Koiso Hirota and Hideki Tojo AP Wirephoto Impose Curfew After Jews Attack Germans in Munich Munich 10day sundown curfew was imposed Mondaj on the displaced persons camp at Landsberg after approximate 1000 rioting Jews attacked German civilians in the town wher Adolf Hitler wrote Mein Kampf The rioting in the medieval market town 35 miles west of hert marred county electionsSunday in he American occupation zone in which the conservative phristian socialist party plica up a strong Seau over the social democrats and communists Approximately 200 American troops Quelled the 4hour riot firing into the ground and over the heads of the irate Jews Victory Garden Train Will Tour Midwest Chicago The Victory Garden Special a train carrying exhibits bearing the legend Grow More Food This Year was scheduled to leave here Mon day for a weeks tour of 6 mid western states It is sponsored by the Nation al Garden Institute Inc and the Northwestern railroad The itinerary includes Monday 111 Clinton Iowa and Cedar Bapids Iowa Des Moines Iowa and Omaha Nebr City Iowa Worthington Minn and Sioux Falls S Dak North lowans Injured in Car Accident Three Sheffield youths were in serious condition in the Mercy hospital at Mason City Monday suffering from injuries received when the automobile in which they were riding with 5 other Sheffield persons overturned Sun day morning on highway 65 a few miles south of the Sheffield ceme th military governor saic Headquarters of the U S 9t division at Augsburg 25 mile north of Landsberg said 2 per sons were killed and at least 4 hospitalized from the melee The enraged Jews heal stone and knifed German civilians o he street and swarmed aroun he small American detachment i ihe town They were quieted an icrfled back into their camp o the outskirts only after America reinforcements were rushed fro Augsburg in jeeps and armorc cars The Landsberg military gover tery The youths in the hospital are Elaine Loskowski 19 daugh ter of Ted Loskowski Jack Sabus 20 son of Mr and Mrs John Sa I bus and Waller Stcclc 21 son nor said the rioters called th Americans gestapo and S swine and hurled rocks at them Lt Abraham Klausner of Den ver chaplain at Jewish headquar EXPLOSION AND FIRE THREATEN CEDAR RAPIDS GAS gas re duction plant exploded and burned Saturday night periling the citv gas supply over McDermott gas company employe had gone to the plant to check mstiuments As he opened the door the roof blew off and part of one wall blew out McDermott who was injured continued to fight the flames McDermott and his broth er Royal were blown aboul 10 feet Firemen theorfzed that natural gas may have been mh and that oxyger ienited it when MtUermott opened the door of Mr and Mrs Harvey Sleelc Raymond Davids 21 son of Mr and Mrs Harm Davids is in the hospital at Hampton with broken wrists Gerald Harris 20 driver of the car son Mr and Mrs Frank Harris Floyd Slade son ot Mr and Mrs Fred Slade and Wilbur Holmes 18 son of Mrs Maude Holmes were treated at a Mason City hospital for minor cuts and scratches Gloria Rust 17 daugh ter of Mr and Mrs Rust was the only one to escape injury The group of 8 youths were re turning from a dance in Clear Lake to their homes in Sheffield when the accident occured aboul 3 a m Sheriff Charles Nolle who investigated the accident said the ear owned by John Sabus was battered and looked like it had rolled over several times FASGWSTAGE DEMONSTRATION Rome WP police con tinued to press a nationwide search for Benito Mussolinis body Italian newspapers reported Mon day that fanatical followers of the duce had staged 2 demonstrations Sunday on the first anniversary of his death In Rome a group of youths es timated to number 300 Interrupted amass in San Carlo church by singing a fascist hymn praising Mussolini The youths later par aded through the center of the city singing A Florence dispatch reported that a black fascist flag had ap peared Sunday morning over the Giotto belltower but was quickly pulled down by police ters in Munich said an American UNRRA official was stoned when he attempted to quiet the rioters outside their camp He escaped serious injury RED DELEGATE ABSTAINS FROM COUNCIL POLL Set Up SubCommittee to investigate Charge Against Franco Rule BULLETIN New York Jnited Nations Security Council with Soviet Russia bstaining Monday adopted compromise resolution set ing up a subcommittee of 5 lembers to investigate harges against the Franco overnment of Spain Ten ffirmative votes were cast New York XP Andrei A Jromyko soviet delegate an ounced Monday he would ab tain from voting on an Australian proposal for an investigation of Yanco Spain by a subcommittee f the United Nations security ouncil The Soviet delegate told the ouncil that he still was opposed o the resolution Gromyko thus cleared the way or adoption of the Australian proposal for a commission of 5 Tnembers of the council to inves igate charges against Franco Spain and report back by May 31 Dr Oscar Lange Polish dele gate told the United Nations se curity council that any commis sion appointed by the council to study the Franco case should re ort by May 31 to make sure that t really works and does not merely shelve the question Dr Lange who was one ot the Iramers of the Australian break fasttable compromise resolution presented last Friday said that he wanted to go along with the Aus tralian proposal in the interest of unanimity The Australian proposal would note the councils condemnation of the Franco regime of Spain and would call for a subcommit tee of 5 council members to study Ihe charges that Spain is a menace to world peace and is harboring nazi war criminals Lange held up a vote on the proposal while he suggested that the conrunittee be told to report May 31 instead of as soon as practicable Paul Hasluck 40 year old Aus tralian sitting in the place of Lt Col W R Hodgson who has left the council because of his wifes illness in Paris said he would ac cept the amentimcnt if the others on the council agreed The Australian delegation fully intends that the committee should work Hasluck said As the delegates convened they were lined up 10 to 1 in favor of Australias proposal The council had been prepared to vote last Friday but it adjourned over the weekend in the hope that Russia might reverse her position and make the vote unanimous Rafael De La Coiina of Mexico attempted to win Soviet delegate Andrei A Gromyko over to the majority in the interest of unanimity At the lime De La Coiina talked Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and mild Mon day night and Tuesday becom ing partly cloudy Tuesday aft ernoon Iowa Generally fair Monday and Tuesday forenoon becoming partly cloudy Tuesday after noon Widely scattered light showers in extreme west portion late Tuesday Mild tempera tures Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday forenoon becoming partly cloudy Tuesday after noon vith scattered light show ers west by evening Mild tem peratures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 68 Minimum 40 At 8 a m Monday 59 YEAR Maximum Minimum GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 45 At 8 a m Sunday 49 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO with Groinyko he was understood o have held firm to his position that sufficient facts already arc available to prove that the Franco regime is a menace lo peace and Ihat no further investigation is necessary Whether the soviet delegate planned to try to block the Aus tralian resolution by invoking the veto was a subject of wide specu lation over the weekend but Gromyko remained silent on his plans Most of the delegates were un derstood to feel that the Spanish question in its present stage is one of procedure rather than substance and is therefore not subject to veto The sudden withdrawal of Aus tralian Delegate W R Hodgson sponsor of the inquiry resolution from the council Saturday left a new Australian representative Paul Hasluck to take the leader ship in pushing the measure through Hodgson who is Australian am bassador to Paris announced he was leaving the council because of his wifes ill health and be cause he already had been away from Paris longer than he had ex pected when he agreed to serve on the council Maximum Minimum 33 Centennial Its a Beautiful Name DCS Moines Iowa Cen tennial committee Sunday voted unanimously to select the song Iowa Its a Beautiful Name as the official centennial ballad The song was written by Mere dith Willson former Mason Citv resident whose orchestra now is I featured on national networks 61 40 ;