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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 28, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North lowot Daily Newspaper Edited for OM MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T H I NEWSPAPik THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH fOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVll Associated Prtss and United Press Full Lease Wlrei Cents MASON CITV IOWA SATURDAY AlKIL 28 1951 This Paper Consists ot Two Hungary Releases Vogeler U S Agrees to 3 Demands Vienna Austria UR Com munist Hungary Saturday re leased and expelled Robert A Vogeler American industrials serving a 15year prison sentenc as a U S spy and saboteur Hungarian secret police turne Vogeler over to Arthur F Tower U S consulgeneral for Austria at Nickelsdorf on the border be tween Hungary and the sovie zone of Austria at a m CSX He entered an American lega tion car and left for Vienna t join his wife and two sons wh have been awaiting his retun since September 1949 Looks Pale Gaunt Im the happiest man in th world he told newsmen He looked pale and gaunt from 17 months imprisonment Mrs Lucille Vogeler was noti lied by telephone at her Vienn home that her husband at las was on his way to join her she cried She could be heard weeping a ihe put down the telephone Vogeler an asssitant vice presi dent of the International Tele phona and Telegraph company was arrested by Hungarian secre police Nov 18 1949 as he wa about to leave for Vienna Held incommunicado for 5 months he was tried by a peoples court in February pleaded guiltj to charges of espionage and sabo tage and sentenced to 15 year in prison First word of his impending re lease was a Hungarian govern ment communique issued one week ago It announced that Vogeler would be released and expelled in exchange for American fulfill ment of various just Hungarian demands In Budapest the Hungarian gov ernment announced Saturday tha the U Sagreed to the reopen ing of Hungarian consulates in New York and Cleveland in ex change for the release of Vogeler UP reported Demands Listed A communique issued said the U S also agreed to the Washingtonimposed ban on travel of American citizens In Hungary Hungarian property In the U S zone of Germany state department will change the wave length of its Voice of America relay trans mitter in Munich Germany so as not to conflict with radio Buda pests frequency U S Planned to Sell Red irty Propei Washington UR The U S disclosed Saturday that it threat ened to sell all Hungarian proper ty in the U S zone of Germany unless Robert A Vogeler was re leased from prison by April 30 It also announced that the agreement for Vogelers release does not include the return to Hungary of the historic 1000 yearold crown of St Stephen Hungary demanded its return in negotiations but was turned down In a long statement on the Vogeler case the state depart ment that this govern ment on April 9 issued an ulti matum to Hungary to free Vogeler by April 30 or have all Hungarian property held in the U S zone of Germany offered for public sale Will Reopen Consulates that the U S had agreed to reopen Hungarian con sulates in New York City and Cleveland Ohio and to allow American citizens to travel in Hungary The consulates were closed and travel was banned to Hungary when Vogeler was sen tenced to 15 years in jail for al leged espionage it agreed to speed up the delivery pf all Hungarian property held in the U S occu pation zone former American claims that Vogelers arrest de tention trial and sentence were palpably false and politically motivated The department said these previous conclusions had been confirmed in every detail by the departments study of the Hungarian governments published account of proceedings against Vogeler The department said the agree ment to reopen the Hungarian consulates and remove travel re strictions is conditional The U S it said holds Hungary responsible to observe consulate rights of this government in Hungary and to protect American citizens to traveling there Bulgaria Travel Banned Starting Monday the depart ments passport division no longer will stamp passports as being in valid for travel in Hungary Travel will only be banned in communist Bulgaria Fall of Seoul Is Imminent Reds Take Vital Road Hub AP Wirephoto A NORTH KOREAN bearded North Korean an American cigaret in hand talks to a marine patrol which flushed him out of the hills He was eager to tell his captors all about the Chinese communists who have unleashed a giant spring offensive Coerced by Captors Freed Vogeler Says Vienna Austria A Vogeler told a news con ference Saturday that he had been subjected to mental and physical coercion prior to the trial in which he confessed Deing an American spy Vogeler was asked if he wished to take the opportunity of the news conference to repudiate the confession that brought him a 15year sentence in a Hungarian jail in Feb ruary 1949 I think there was some truth in my testimony which I read last night for the first time he said But I think under law any estimony obtained by mental or physical pressure is not legal and s coerced Vogeler said Vogeler was asked to describe lis interrogation fay communist hj terrific nervous strain Then he went on Says Hes Sorry I am sorryI did not perhaps live up Kto the American tradition under pressure his voice broke and he paused A reporter asked questioners prior to his trial There are two possible man ners of and mental he said Both methods are used in Hungary Were you given drugs he was asked It is difficult to determine he answered It depends on ones ihysical condition If you are be ng kept awake a sufficient time do not know if you are be ng drugged or if your mind has eased to function I was given timulants to keep me awake I vas given coffee Cigarets were orced on me 1 was not allowed o talk to anyone Extremely Nervous Vogeler extremely nervous and ble to talk only slowly after mich deliberation said little more about his trial In prison he was in solitary con inement and got exercise as reg ularly as security permitted He vas under observation all the ime and his cell was furnished vith a cupboard in which he kept few material to wash a table chair and a bed There was a indow high up with a very mall means of ventilation out of my control I was allowed to wear my own uit he said but the suit was ot the important thing Part of ne time I had no socks no shirts iO undershirts Vogeler said the rule in the nison was apparently always to eep you busy You never knew whether you were going to get book whether you were going o get a meal to eat There was o definite outline of what you vould get Given Books Vogeler said t h e Hungarians ave him English language books o read He said there were not many books and that he reread hem time and again I finally got a Bible he said The International Telephone and elegraph company executive valked into the garden of his ome to pose for photographers vith his family In a slow halt ng voice Vogeler told newsmen During 17 months in prison I ave been thinking about this rc nion Though I had no news dur ng my imprisonment I knew that had many good friends and ould count on the Americans Vogeler had obvious difficulty ontrolling his speech His mouth witched as if he were under a But you are innocent arent you Mr Vogeler Vogeler smiled wryly and in obvious jest said Oh no Im guiltyaccording to the Hungarians I am a com bination of Dick Tracy and He paused again and one of his sons suggested J Edgar Hoover Yes thats right Vogsler said I vould rather not say any thing more now Vogeler went on I am not concerned for my befn holding out determinedly for own safety but I am anxious about Again his voice failed but he presumably was referring to Ed gar Sanders British accountant sentenced to 13 years in jail at the same trial as Vogeler Order Set for Ceiling on Beet Washington govern ment raised its price cleaver Sat urday for a swing at the high cos of meat Officials said a 4 to f cents a pound cut in beef price to consumers is due by Augus with a similar slash to follow nex fall Actual dollarsandcents ceil ings on beef prices will be an nounced Saturday night One official told a reporter th orders will provide for progressiv rollbacks in the prices of livi new method in foot price control These rollbacks are due in 3 stages The official said the first siz able reduction will be ordered immediately This will be accom plished by setting ceilings on the amounts slaughterers may pay for cattle It was understood that firs cut would amount to 5 to 10 per cent To Reduce Retail Prices An office of price stabilization OPS expert said wholesale and retail prices will hot be reduced on the first goround but there may be some adjustments next month as a result of the live ani mal cuts Postponement of the first reduc lons at wholesale and retail levels vill give feeders who fatten cattle or slaughter a chance to clear heir pens of animals for which hey have paid high prices an of icial explained Otherwise he aid the feeders would face heavy and perhaps ruinous losses The first acrosstheboard cut n wholesale retail and live cattle jrices is due in midsummer probably around August an offi ial said The second acrossthe board cut is set in the orders for next fall he added Assistant OPS Director Edward F Phelps called a news conference Saturday to outline the orders to newsmen They will be made pub lic Saturday night Price Director Michael V DiSalle is out of the city filling speaking engagements It was learned a twoweek de lay in issuance of the beef price orders stemmed from a dispute between DiSalle and department of agriculture officials over the roposal to cut live cattle prices was known that DiSalle had Rita Announces Separation From Husband SAME Black muni death pisl 24 hours In New York UR Hay worths attorney announced Sat urday that the redhaired actress was taking the necessary steps to obtain a legal and permanent separation from her husband Prince Aly Khan I have reached this difficult decision after long consideration and without recrimination or ex ternal influence the movie queen said in a statement issued by At torney Bartley Crum I have concluded that a happy and contented home life which I earnestly desire for my children and myself is otherwise unobtain able Various factors including my husbands expensive social obli gations and far flung interests un fortunately make it impossible to establish or maintain the kind of home I want and my children such cuts Officials Object Agriculture officials were re ported objecting on the ground that cutting cattle prices might discourage production Livestock breeders from the west had vigor ously protested the planned cuts DiSalle reportedly contended that such cuts were necessary to make possible lower consumer prices He took the view that high cattle prices could be cut without endangering the potential meat supply Meantime Joseph M Jacobs Chicago attorney for the Amalga mated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America wired Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston urging inTinediate approval of an 11cent hourly wage boost in the meat industry Johnston had turned down the wage agreement between two unions and 3 large packing firms because the pay raise wouldex ceed that allowable under the wage control policy That limits wage boosts to 10 per cent over January 1950 levels Jacobs said Johnston shouldap prove the agreement to be con sistent with his approval of a 6 cent hourly raise for nonoperat ing rail workers AP Wircphoto REDS TAKE drives open arrows in Korea continued Saturday with the capture of Uijongbu 11 miles north of Seoul capture of Kapyong on the Puk han river and penetration of South Korean territory Avest and east of the Hwachon reservoir Allies solid arrows were north of the 38th parallel only on the east coast 3 Wounded in Violence at Struck Mill Wake Barest N C shotguns and pistols crackled in a raging battle here Friday night at the strikecrippled Royal cotton tiill Three persons were slightly in ured as gunfire exchanges fol owed a dynamite blast Men on he picket lines said the dynamite was thrown from a mill window Others said a man near the picket ine tossed the explosive across a ence toward the mill That burst set off the subsequent gunfire The violence erupting on the 27th day of a 7state strike of CIO textile workers in almost 5 southern mills was o several recent dynamitings have been reportec at the Dan River mills at Danville fa Othershave been reported in North Carolina The strike began when man agement refused the TWUAs de mands for a 13cent increase to boost the minimum to hour y The organized workers here valked out a week after the gen ral strike of Textile Workers Un on of America members Witnesses said between200 and 00 shots were exchanged No law nforcement officers were on hand Earlier Friday Police Chief Joyd Whitman had withdrawn his patrolmen and 4 deputy sheriffs fter pickets had halted a truck iriver jerked off his clothing and ut the tires Im not going to have blood hed over this thing the chief aid Its too big for my hands 10 CASUALTIES NAMED Washington UR The defense department Saturday identified 10 more casualties in the Korean need Their future welfare is my war The 288th casualty list in only concern eluded two dead and 8 wounded 3 lowans Die in Auto Crash Fort Dodge persons vere injured fatally in a headon uto collision on highway 20 about 0 miles east of here Friday night lolice reported The victims were Mr and Mrs Jeorge O De Groote and Mrs Iva Fridolfson 56 all of Hurn ioldt The injured included Mr nd Mrs Gilbert Zobrosky Boone riving the other car De Groote 38 and Mrs Fridolf son were believed killed instantly Mrs De Groote died later in a Fort Dodge hospital Hospital at tendants said Zobrosky suffered a broken leg and lacerations Mrs Zobrosky 30 was reported not seriously hurt A young boy reported to be the son of the De Grootes also was slightly hurt and taken to the hospital for treatment Russians Still Block Big 4 Agenda By DEWITT MACKENZIE A P Foreign Affairs Analyst The big 4 deputy foreign min isters America Britain France and Russia who have been en gaged in a dogfight in Paris ever since March 5 remain deadlocked in their efforts to arrange an agenda for a big 4 foreign min isters meeting Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Grorriyko from the outset adopted the role of tough guy He has blocked work of the confer ence by raucous variations of the charge that the western powers mainly America are to blame for the Korean war Moscow wants the United Na tions to withdraw from Korea This would leave the South Ko reans alone to face the Russian equipped red divisions from the north Of course this farcical proceed ing in the deputies conference isnt surprising It is merely his tory repeating itself since ob struction is the fixed strategy of the Russians for all conferences involving the democracies As a matter of fact Britain France and America had no op timistic delusions as they cm barked on the Paris conference Doctor Philip C Jessup chief U S delegate on boarding a plane for Paris summed the position up like this We want to be shown Past ex perience does not make us very hopeful Since soviet obstruction repre sents a chronic condition the ques tion naturally arises why the great powers persist in staging interna tional conferences involving the reds and the democracies What is to be gained Well the fact is that most coun tries and especially the smal ones want the way kept open to that peace of which we dream but never seem to approach The idea is that so long as the great powers are talking they wont act There has been a lot of discus sion at one time or another about disbanding the harrassed United Nations This would eliminate the obstructive communist bloc How ever the decision always has been not to take such drastic action on the ground that the Russians someday might change their ways Those who advocate caution point out that the main purpose of the United Nations is to keep the peace and that the organiza tion would become impotent if one major party were absent That is an argument hard to answer Many observers hold that the Russians arent prepared to break with the western powers These observers figure that Russia isnt ready for war yet nnd that if she pulled out of the UN the rest of the world would think this meant war and would rush to arms Mac Leads Parade in New York New York the 3rd consecutive day Gen Douglas MacArthur led a parade Saturday He led one in Milwaukee Fri day and another in Chicago the day before But Saturdays was the biggest of them big gest since his first welcome here There were approximately 500 000 marchers 40 brass bands sev eral score floats It began at noon and at 7 p m 7 hours later the last marchers were to pass the reviewing stand The occasion was loyalty day Since 1947 patriotic civic anc social organizationsled tb Veterans of Foreign Wars havi countered theVcommuriisi May daj celebrations with a mass demon stration of Yorks loyalty to v Biffesl Parade But thanks to the magic of Mac Arthur this years loyalty day was not only the biggest but the mosl enthusiastic By midmorning crowds had fathered along the 5th avenue side of Central Park where the paradepassed beginning at 95th street and disbanding at 62nd street Police said 4000000 persons were packed into 33 blocks Original plans had called lor Cardinal Spellman to ride in the ead car But Protestant organiza tions and individuals protested and the cardinal personallyre quested the VFWs parade mittee to excuse him so he could march as he has in previous loy alty day parades On Reviewing Stand MacArthur rode only to 67th street where he and the other jassengers in the lead car en ered a flagbedecked reviewing stand joining a host of state and municipal officials anjl dignitaries One by one the seemingly end ess parading groups filed past giving their salute to the general and receiving his in return Whitney said the general ex sected to see all the parade but t was not certain that he under stood this would mean staving in reviewing stand until early eve ning Mrs Holmes Son in Fair Condition Algona IP Mr s Thomas rlolmes 46 and her son Thomas Holmes Jr 24 both were re ported in fair condition Saturday at St Ann hospital in Algona where they are recovering from aullet wounds County Attorney H J McNert ney said Mrs Holmes had made a statement in which she said she shot her son and herself with a 22 caliber pistol because she was distraught over a divorce action brought against him She also said she had financial worries ac cording to the county attorney Young Holmes wound was in front of his left car and the bul et lodged in his cheek The bul et which struck his mother cn ered below her heart and came out her back apparently missing any vital parts Holmes a State Univenity of owa commerce student had been sued for divorce a day earlier by lis wife Janet Tillotson Holmes ormer Des Moines tennis star Mrs Holmes Jr had charged cruelty and asked custody of their No charges hntl been filed in connection with the shooting UNLineOnly4MUes From Former Capital By OLEN CLEMENTS Tpkyo troops Sunday withdrew to a new de fense perimeter roughly 4 miles north of Seoul Chinese reds poured into Uijongbu 11 miles north of the burnedout republican capital The fall of Seoul ap peared imminent Streams of allied vehicles were going south Rearguard United Nations elements continued to slow the communist advance The new allied defense line ran from the west coast to the Pukhan river along the Pukhan to the Choyang river and thence eastward south of Yongpo on the eastcentral front and southeast of Inje along parallel 38 to the east coast Allied forces on the Korean western front began falling back through Uijongbu Friday Allied artillery in Seoul fired throughout Saturday at the onrushing reds British Foe May Be Next Iran Premier Tehran Iran lower house of parliament Saturday askedShah Mohammed Rezi Phalevi toappoint DrMoham medMossadegh 76 the maivwho las led the move to nationalize Irans oil resources as the couh new premier The surprise move came ina icated campaign to take over the Britishowned AngloIranian Oi company action which forced the resignation of Premier Hussein Ala and his cab inet Friday night After endorsing Mossadegh to succeed Ala the majlis lower nouse began debating the oil na tionalization resolution drafted by the parliamentary oil commission Thursday night to demand imme diate government seizure of the vast petroleum riches in the coun try The majlis then adjournei and is expected to vote on thi issue later The Shah was reported furious at the latest majlis action which apparently was aimed at trying o force his hand in appointing strongly nationalistic Mossadegh as premier Western diplomats also were deeply worried because hey fear Mossadeghs oil policies chaos opening the way 0 infiltration of influence by neighboring Russia and diverting one of the wests major sources of oil to the Russians British Firm Scores Plan London Britishcon rolled AngloIran Oil company announced Saturday it has pro ested against Iranian parliament ary moves to nationalize Britains big Iranian oil interests at once A note to the Iranian govern ment was said to have objected trongly against the possibility of uch a breach of the agreement between the imperial government 01 Iran and the company byi Mother Sees ing Son 28 Then Has Baby Los Angeles time was drawing near for Mrs Tomasa Gonzales 43 Her llth child was about to be born The telephone rang A yoke aid This is Georgia Street re eiving hospital Your son David i Rivera has been brought here vith a heart attack He was found lowntown You had better come quickly A son child 011 the vay Mrs Gonzales made her de ision Friends rushed her to leorgia Street She reached there n time to say goodbye to her son David 28 Sobbing she rose from beside us deathbed and set off on an other journey through the night An hour Inter in French hos pital Mrs Gonzales gave birth to a daughter Saturday mother and child vere doing fine Sports Bulletin By Staff Writer Waterloo The East DCS baseball team defeated Mason j City Saturday afternoon 71 in the semifinals of the Big Six tournament here East scored their 7 runs on 8 hits while limiting the Mo hawks to two hits The Mo hawks had 5 errors to none for East West Waterloo entered the finals East DCS Monies by defeating East Waterloo 71 The Mohawks were the defending champs from the 1949 tourna ment Touted Nations forces con tinued pulling back on central and eastern fronts but reported no contact with the reds Reserves at Front The red Korean Pyongyang ra dio said Saturday night that com munist reserves had reached the battlefront The official commu nist station usually reports de velopments at least 3 days after they take place The broadcast heard in Tokyo said Korean and Chinese peoples volunteers are now inflicting heavy damage on the enemy throughout he front We have this time loured a new reserve force on the sattlefield on one of those fronts and it is taking a heavy toll of American lives Allied battlefront sources how ever said the withdrawal was in good order All along the 100mile battle front allied forces T have pulled back into South Korea They have killed or wounded more than 41500 reds in their fighting withdrawal The reds mounted their biggest offensive on the Some 300000 troops wereidriving on Seoul t Tens of thousands of civiliani fledthe South Korean capital City Hall Empty A South Korean flag flew over he big gray city hall in Seoul Saturday but the building wai empty A British regimental sergeant major directedthe removal of the British royal crest from over door of the British embassy Thir y American cargo planes landed Friday at Kimpo big airport northwest ofthe old capital with var supplies The planes carried away allied military personnel Some of the planes returned to heir bases in Japan punctured by jullets There were no reports of casualties On the eastcentral front red orces crashed into UN positions jefore dawn Saturday east of Yanggu but failed to crack the ic About 100 North Koreans cut hrough the nomansland section round the abandoned town at the east end of the Hwachon roir It was the only major action Saturday along that sector In the westcentral sector the illies gave up Kapyong to the eds Kapyong 35 air miles north ast of Seoul ison the Chunchon Seoul highway The reds cut the highway too ate to trap any UN forces Eighth rmy headquarters reports said UN forces had quit the area j All About The WEATHER Mason City Scattered thunder storms in vicinity through Sun day Low Saturday night 58 High Sunday 84 Iowa Partly cloudy and warm with scattered thunderstorms Saturday night Low Saturday night 55 to 65 Partly cloudy Sunday with scattered thunder storms east portion High Sun day 77 to 87 Further outlook More scattered thunderstorms Sunday night or Monday Cool er Tuesday Highs Monday in 80s Minnesota Partly cloudy Scat tered showers south and east Saturday night and extreme cast Sunday Mild Low Satur day night 4046 north 4855 south High Sunday near 70 ex cept near Lake Superior GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Saturday April 28 Maximum 72 Minimum 45 At 8 a m 65 Precipitation 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 3S Minimum 28 ;