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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 28, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME you u THE NEWSPAPER THAT Prm tna United Prus Full Leased wtrw MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NUGHIORS Luxembourg Radio Reports Himmler Offers UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS This is the first of a series of letters beine airmailed to this newspaper by the Rev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church of Iowa Falls It was written from a train enroute to San Francisco where the former Mason Cityan is sitting In as ah observer at the opening sessions of the world security conference tat articles will have to do with the meeting itself By JOHN D CLINTON SAN FRANCISCO Built Your Ameri ca That phrase on the Union Pa cific calendar could be taken a motto for the San Francisco conference I was riding the fastest train that road has across the moun tains Jim Gillick of Chicago the chief operating agent for the Mil waukee had put me on that train because back in the days when Upper Iowa university needed a miniature pageant train from the Central he was the one who made that courtesy possible He had faith in the Illinois Cen tral and the Illinois road had faith in the Milwaukee executive anc both had the desire tq help a Methodist preacher get a smal college in the news So when no one would get me a reservation going west the appea to Jim Gillick was made and he had faith in a Methodis preacher and the preacher in him 1 And so 1 was on the train Union JPacifiofcad Aerossrftom me satrY T Hsu a Chinese man an importer in New sent west as one of 4C itf thedelegatidh of that nation Do you know said foi thats what we all called him up and down the train except some soldiers who saluted him as Con that if it hadnt been for Chinese labor this Union Pa cific might have been in doubt and the nation badly split at Civ il war time not only north and south but east arid west The conversation went on with the train It was along that line of how faith by one group com bined with another group buil America The calendar did no have a train picture for April I had a pictureof a white frame church For the railroad knows thafc Faith builds both of these methods of getting along lifes railroad And at Sarr Francisco it is the feeling everywhere Togeth er and by faith we get the con ference and the world along And so on April 25 1945 at the first session the governor of Cal ifornia Earl Warren arose to say You are meeting in a state where the people have unshakeable faith in the great purposes which have inspired your gathering and the conference was on Attempt New Government Under Funk On theGermanSwiss Frontier effort to establish a new German government under lead ership of Walther Funk president of the Reichsbank at Salzburg failed last Tuesday it was learned reliably Saturday night Heavy fighting between Ger man army troops and SS men was reported in miles north of the situation was said still to be chaotic Funk has served as minister of economics and as a member of the wartime ministerial council Reports from across the frontiei from sourcesusually reliable said that Funk and five other members of the old reich government met at Salzburg on April 24 and issued a proclamation that said the government has ceased to exist and urging Germans to stop all re sistance The proclamation said local au thorities are requested to act as they see fit to avoid any further bloodshed The German army is capitulating any further re sistance will only worsen the fu ture of the German people The reports said the proclama tion was signed byFunfc as pro visional reichs chancellor and by Field Marshal Walther von Brau chisch as minister of war The gestapo intervened sup pressed the new selfconstituted government and arrested two members these reports contin ued Russians Battling for Gestapo Headquarters German high command declared Sat that soviet troops had crashed through Berlins inner defense rmg and were fighting on Alexanderplatz site of gestapoheadquarters Naziplanes were flying in reinforce ments food and ammunition to the fanatical garrison the German communique said German armies facing the Americans on the Elbe have in an attempt to relieve the capital the war bulletin mid Earlier the Germans said a relief armv was Hearing Berlin from a siantrap to the southeast Ml I OT1TPO oMALL MATES WANT ROLE IN WORLD COUNCIL Countries Urge More Responsibility in Postwar Plans By JOHN M HIGHTOIVER San Francisco close knit themselves the big 4 man aging this united nations confer ence Saturday ran into a small nation challenge of a world or ganization dominated by major Only onequarter of the flam ing crumbling city remained in nazi hands Soviet troops were boring in block by block anc other divisions sped westward in a push to isolate the last naz Baltic ports Russian correspondents in Ber lin declared trapped Germans were trying to escape in whole sale fashion Getman officers could not halt the suicidal re sistance because of nazi SS over lords the correspondents added These front dispatches saic many nazis were discarding uni forms for civilian clothes The broadcast German com munique said the Russians had made new penetrations from the north in Chanuttenburg anc from the south across TemplehoJ airdrome with fighting for the center of the city begun on Alev anderplalz and at Halesches Tor The Alexanderplatz runs through theheart of Berlin and was a principal commercial cen ter of the reich capital Germans withdrawn from the Elbe frontare attacking eartWarfl The German high command re ported that a relief army was rapidly Bearing the ruined and flameswept city after breaking outof a Russian trap to the southeast However such an es cape appeared highly improbable since the Soviets moved strong forces out of that area for a twirl offensive toward Hamburg Ros tock and other port cities and toward a 2nd linkup with Ameri can troops on the middle Elbe While the reds hammered out gains of a mile and more around tfte citys bombpulverized inner core of 49 square miles the nails fading radios conceded the situa tion was critical and said the battle of Berlin would decide the inssted that Adolf Hitler was still in the sur rounded capital from which es was cut off wih the of Tempelhof airdrome Fri day Moscow ridiculed the story but Swedish dispatches said the fuehrers headquarters were es tablished in a fortified Under ground hideout in the famous zoological gardens Enemy broad casts admitted that Russians fighting in the populous working class section Moabit were threatening the gardens outer fringes As an gdayold battle neared 11 ramatc climax naxi radios called on Berlins mothers to take unarms and a Moscow dispatch said brigades of women snipers already were in action Aged men small children clerks teachers and other unskilled fighters also were reported resisting Soviet writers said tricky nazi storm troopers were camouflaging them selves in civilian clothes but con tinuing the battle Hardly a building was still ntact a Russian war correspon dent reported and food supplies vere steadily running out A sov et writer said the spring sun over he city was blacked out from he dust of hundreds of thousands of houses breaking The ruin was so vast Moscow said that the enemy was unable o house his wounded Dogfights raged in the smoke aden sky as soviet planes battled he feeble remnants of the Ger man air force A Moscow communique said more than 8000 German officers nd men were wiped out Friday The Russians also claimed 11500 prisoners and the seizure or de truction of 111 planes 200 tanks and 290 fieldguns The suburban city of Potsdam radie of Prussian militarism fell together with the subur ban ordnance center of Spandau and the city districts of Tempel lof Schmarkendorf Streglitz and Neukoelln Russian flamethrow were burning out defenders alished in the ruins near Alexander Platz principal com mercial center North of captured Stettin the Russians rolled up the west bank f the Oder river and seiied HamI icr and Fahrenvvalde allied war victors Spokesmen for Australia Bel xiam and Bolivia urged more re sponsible roles lor the worlds saoaUer railed the expected tttatt to shift the balance between tbe small One immediate success of this pressure was expansion of the conference executive committee from 11 to 14 members Now the smallstate group aims at increas ing the membership on the world security council beyond the 11 proposed at Dumbarton Oaks As constituted 46nation conference the executive commit tee includes the big3 China and France which are to have perma nent security council seats and these other countries Australia Brazil Canada Chile Czechoslo vakia Iran Mexico Holland and Yugoslavia Restoration of harmony among the big powers brought the con ference into its 4th day with pros pects for success brightened by Russias demonstrated willingness to compromise Some delegates even hoped for a reorganization of the Polish Warsaw government along lines acceptable to Britain and the United States Whether it could be achieved in time for an invilation to be represented here was doubt ful HANDS ACROSS THE ELBEInfantrymen of the U S 1st aimv left extend to Russian troops right on a broken bridge over the Elbe river Ts the soldiers fJom the 2 allied nations meet at Torgau Germany to cut the reich in two ephoto ZurkhSays 5th Aijmy Reaches Swiss Border DIVIDE ITALY TRAP GERMANS Milan Reports Yank Entry Into City Rome Zurich dispatch said Saturday that the American 5th army had reached the Swiss border in a spectacular 60mile dash that cut northern Italy in two trapped tens of thousands of Germans and isolated Milan and Turin The dispatch said the Americans entered Como on the Italian side of the frontier Friday night after an advance from their last report ed positions west of Lake Garda Thepatriotcontrolled Milan ra out roughly enough ended i round of handshaking and back slapping Friday It produced these quickly rati fied solutions to issues which had ffiven the conference on peace a belligerent start 1 Through Russian insistence the delegates tossed tradition out the window and ejected 4 presi dents instead of Com missar Molotov of Russia Foreign Minister Soong of China British Foreign Secretary Eden and Sec retary of State Stettinius It was agreed that these 4 should rotate the honor of presiding overcon ference sessions 2 Under AngloAmerican Insis tence the steering committee re fused to complicate management of conference work by having ro Utinir chairmanships for the key executive and steering commit tees Molotov finally agreed that Eden Soong and he would dele gate their authority to Stettinius the the for this job That made American secretary in fact chief of hose committees 3 The Russian proposal to in clude the White Russian awd Ukrainian Soviets in the proposed world assembly of nations went through without a hitch Stettini us indorsed it under specific in structions from President Truman carry out the pledge which the late President Roosevelt made to Premier Stalin at the Yalta Big3 meeting 4 A proposal made by Molotov to seat the present Warsaw gov srnment at this conference was down outmaneuvered and inally smothered under a resolu tion which the conference ap roved telling the big3 to settle their differences over Poland and impressing hope it would be done before this Conference ends The radio said patriot forces already had liberated the city Turin the other great industrial center of northern Italy also was isolated by the advance which cut the last roads to Austria from northwest Italy The German garrison in north west Italy now was hemmed in on the east by the 5th army on the north by neutral Switzerland on the south by the Ligurian sea and on the west by other allied forces along the French The latest position of American troops given in Saturdays allied communique which has been running far behind actual front line near Bergamo 26 miles northeast of Milan anri 32 miles from the Swiss border Earlier Swiss dispatches report ed a violent battle between Italian partisans and 1500 German troops in the Chiasso area along the frontier near Como The Swiss government evacuated a border zone 300 meters deep including part of the town of Chiasso Refugees crossing the border said that Germans were eft Saturday morning in Ponte Chi asso on the Italian side indicating the patriots may have been driven from the town Other refugees said a German force led by a nazi general had re captured nearby Como from par tisan troops The only place the Germans were making a stand was south of Venice against the British 8th army which reported stiff opposi tion along the Adige river The 8th mopped up a number of iso lated pockets south of the river Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy French Action Halts Allied Drive South Paris supreme head quarters statement Saturday de clared the French 1st army was obstructing the allies drive south east against the nazi redoubt by its persistence in continuing to oc cupy Stuttgart The statement said Gtli army group headquarters had asked the French 1st army to moxe out of the city capital of Wuerttembcrg which the French captured At latest reports the French still wert by the French council of ministers which voiced disapproval of the request on the grounds that the Big Three had not taken any action on Frances postwar occupation zone claims in southwest Germany The 6th army group includes the U S 7th and French 1st armies It is commanded by Gen Jacob L Devers The French have asked for virt ually outright occupation of the Saarland plus defined occupation al and policing rights after the war on the whole crossRhine belt from the Ruhr down to Lake Con stance They lake the position that French military administration ot Stuttgart serves to underscore that request French officials regard the situation as timely coming while world delegates are con vened at San Francisco Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and of WHERE ARE HIGH NAZIS Roundup of Rumors Concerning Leaders By UNITED PRESS The xvhereabouts or status nazi leaders and their satellites Saturday on the basis of announce ments rumors and reports on the allied manhunt Adolf Hitler almost con quered Berlin where he will kill himself or be killed within a few hours or few days according to Lt Gen Kurt Dittmar former nazi command spokesman One Swiss rumor said he was shot 3 days ago Benifo by Italian patriots in Lake Como bor der area according to Home radio Reported taken with him were such former fascist colleagues as Roberto Farinnaci parly secre tary Alessandro Pavolini propa ganda minister Marshal Rodolfo Graziam chief of state and Guido BufarmiGuidi interior minister Herman Goering A diplomat Jn Switzerland said Friday he shot himself and daughters in execut ing death sentence pronounced by nazis Joseph 3 days ago according to Swiss border re port Heinrich re port said he flew to Berlin Friday Luxembourg radio said he made offer to surrender Germany to la vvll itna I 4 till continued mild Saturday Himmler ordered his arrest and Sunday Iowa Scattered rain showers Sat urday night becoming partly cloudy Sunday Cooler west portion Minnesota Mostly cloudy and scattered light showers Sunday and in extreme southwest and extreme northwest portions Saturday night Slightly wann er northeast andnorth central Saturday becoming cooler in Red River valley Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday gl Minimum Friday 40 At 8 a m Saturday 45 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 37 Artie Shaw Writing Saudi Arabia Anthem San Francisco UPJ Musical is beiftg writtcn here Artie Shaw bandmaster composer is writing th anthem of Saudi national anthem and Shaw said that he therefore would deliver the finished product to the Arab ians as a good neighbor gift He started the project by can dlelight Friday night in the in terests of international He all delegations here Arabians were on their arrivals German Soldier Revolt Breaks Out in Munich London Heinrieh Himmler was reported Saturday Unndicnal to Great Britain and i FnT Mlnistel Churchill in a special statement declared that only unconditional surrender to all 3 big powers wouJd be accepted by the allies a of German soldiers in Munich signi tne swiftness of decay in the crumbling reich Rumors about the whereabouts of Hitler were comirie from every radio in Europe A high diplomat just arrived at tJie bwiss border said that Adolf Hitler and Propaganda Min Goebbels were shot 3 days ago He said that v v Himmler was rushed to Ber lin by plane Friday Prime Minister Churchill nei ther confirmed nor denied reports that surrender had been offered to the 2 western allies but not to Russia Churchill declared It has been reported that un conditional surrender was of fered by Himraler so Britain and the United States only Further that Britain and the United States replied saying they will not accept except on behalf of all the allies including Russia 7th Drives 25 Miles From Munich Paris American 7th army closed Saturday within 25 miles of Munich and broadcasts from that nazi citadel said a re volt was seething in the city Augsburg 3rd city of Bavaria fell to IX Gen Alexander M Patchs iroons The 7th army reached the Austrian frontier at Fuessen 55 miles over the tower ing Alps from the Brenner Pass after charging 45 miles into the western end of the German na tional redoubt circle the city 3rd largest in Ger Gen Patlon senl U S 3rd army infantry 31 miles north of the city while his tank divisions moved down the Danube valley in Aus tria toward an imminent junction with the Russians west of Vienna to seal off Czechoslovakia and carve bisected Germany into 3 death traps The French 1st army was 40 miles southwest of Munich and deep in the nazi redoubt The closest approach to Munich was from the west beyond Landsberg Third army troops were chatter ing back and forth by radio with Russians in Austria At last re ports the Americans were barely 25 miles from Linz one of Hitlers favorite cities and on the last in tact route into the redoubt from the PilsenPrague munitions area Germany was cut in two in the center and the Russians reported new junctions with American forces on the Elbe The iron band between the southern and north ern German pockets was perhaps 50 miles wide Gen rations tanks beat down the Danube valley toward an im minent new meeting with the Rus sians west of Vienna in a drive that will encircle Czechoslovakia and trisect Germany The armies were in radio contact Pattons 86th division drove within 31 miles of Munich from the north entering Rohrback The 7th army captured Augsburg 32 miles northwest and moved within 26 miles of Munich in the area beyond Landsberg to the south of Augsburg The Tiger 10th armored divi sion of the 7th army reached the Austrian border at Fuessen in a 20 mile dash which overran 45 miles of the western end of the Bavarian redoubt Fuessen is 50 miles southwest of Munich and 55 miles across the towering Alps from the Brenner Pass which al lied armies in Italy were ap proaching It is 55 miles east of Lake Constance western limit of twice Fri the redoubt Munich was threat oay night for permission to enter ened with encirclement by the Switzerland according to border tank division advices The French 1st army closed in underscoreon Munich from the west and bcal Telegraph down the last organized resistance mlflr hc in the death s n n B fe richshafen Lindan and Immenstadt Ravcnsburg Albert Kesselrin 6 miles south of Mu AIRMAN WOUNDED West John E Nes vik was wounded in the arm i a Jap shell burst in the iners compartment ot a B29 his wnH miuill Ol a I Prt 1 IS6 a bombing mission have been informed at a time like this all kinds of reports ot proposals for German surrender from various parts of the German reich are nfe as these are in harmony with the enemys desperate situation Allies Will Accept Surrender if Reds Included Morgan commentator said in a broadcast from Washington Sat urday hat he had confirmed on competent authority the report circulating in the capital that the German high command had made a request to the governments of Britain and the United States to surrender There was no confirmation of Seattles statement The NBC commentator said 1 have confirmed on compe tent authority the report circulat ing in the capital that the German military high command has made a request for surrender of the governments of this country and Great Britain I have confirmed that the offer was made in mid week and perhaps transmitted Wednesday and was Immediately taken under consideration It was determined that the offer would be acceptable only provided the Germans also include Russia His majestys government has no information to give about any of them at this moment But it must be emphasized that only un conditional surrender to vthe 3 major powers will be entertained and that the closest accord pre vails between the 3 powers Unofficial reports of a German unconditional surrender offer to Britain and the United States were published prominently in the British press Saturday The allied controlled Luxem bourg radio as heard by the FCC said Heinrich Himmler had of fered surrender is a special message the broadcast said The follow ing message has been conveyed to the foreign ministers of the United States Great Britain and Russia Himmler has sent a message in which he guarantees the unconditional surrender ot Germany to the United States and Great Britain The governments of the United States and ofGreat Britain have replied that uncondi tional surrender will be accepted only if the offer is addressed to all the allies This included such places as Fried no denial that such an offer had come from inside Germany nei ther was there any official con firmation edge of Russia and consultation with Attempt to Upset Bavarian Control London soldiers revolted Saturday in Munich birthplace of nazism and scene of troops attempting to ;