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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 28, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME K A R L 0 M ST AR r f r or IOWA coup G S 0 I N S I A VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS f FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSJAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT Ann Anwnkom C a J o e F tl ti Universities and Colleges Are Visited EimVIfS i aiiotlrr at series of articles iiritlrii br ti tan Jlall Mison Cily UlobcGaitUe nwnaginc editor in the lourie of a tour Ihroujh Soulk America a aae or IS jucsls or Hit Carnrri Lndgwnunl tor International Ieiee MASQN CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 28 1947 PAPER CONSISTS OF I1 WO SECTION ONE NAZIS RESUME AFRICAN MOVES By W EARL HALL SANTIAGO happv memories of this beautiful and cultured city are going to include the visits I have made to its three outstanding colleges and univer sities the University of Chile the Catholic university and the San tiago Coll cgc for Girls O u r inspec tion of the Uni versity of Chile was in the na ture of a brief reception planned for us by Arturo Ales sandri vice rector and act ing head of 11 institution while the rec tor is in service NEW YORK WCol diaries A Lindbergh in a letter to Presi jdent fioosevelt Monday resigned as a reserve officer in the United States army air corps f tf The text of Colonel Lindbergh idler follows My Dear Mr President Your remarks at white house press conference on April in ioPi ic commi ion m w FAPT is a a binet EARL HALL mmitcj Hc is the illustrious son of the former Chilean president who bears lus name The main part of the university is situated in downtown Santiago close to the government buildings with some of its professional col leges inoutlying districts Under the Chilean system bachelors degrees arc awarded to graduates of the 12 year sec ondary school called liceos In time these are he equivalent of high schools in the United States but many of the subjects of fered are of a college level ana it is my impression that a liceo graduate is equipped much as is a junior college graduate in The Catholic university occu pies nn area of about two blocks at the base of CCITO Santa Lucia a great stone hill in Santiagos neardowntown It was estab lished by the church 60 years ntjo and has enjoyed a tine reputation down through the years Like the University of Chile it is a collec tion of professional colleges in cluding agriculture ant in addi tion it has what in the United Slates would be known as a prep school Its lolal enrollment is about 2000 as contrasted with the 7000 students who attend the Univer sity of Chile The Santiago college for girls directed by a Gouchcr college graduate Miss Elizabeth Mason has beautiful quarters almost at the edge of Santiago with loftv mountains a a backdrop Its G17 pupils run the age gamut from 3 years to lieeo seniors Miss Ma son on my final day here directed me through the institution as she set forth its educational ideals and objectives A distingruisiiins mark of the remarkable institution is studied effort tn establish and j maintain an intelligent friend shin and understanding between Chile anil the United States On I the faculty nf some 60 persons mostly women there is a bal ance as between Chileans and North Americans and Ihc j mslriiction is in lioth languages i Two teachers direct each i one Chilean one American i ft was pleasing to me to find I that three of the highly recommended by Miss an Iowa bacf Sround Miss Carol Candtish Cornell graduate of 1D38 is a home economics instructor Mis J Blanche Marguart Cornell 38 teaches physical education and i iV Hush Dearth I daughter of Prof Stephen Bush i University Of Iowa French pro UlC toitcsc On the Santa Lucia cumin down here I met n number change students from the United bliitcs and since coming here I have met ns manv as a doycn1 more All 0 this it seems to me augurs well for a happier rcla lioiishii between the America m the years ahead A reception at the palatial home of Augustin Edwards Si tonight provided an opportunity to meet two of Chiles foremost citizens Mr Edwardsformer ambassador to Great Britain lead ing banker in both Valparaiso and Santiago publisher of El Mercurio J Vf i y itcelf uscs move half the print paper in frequently alluded to as Citi7cn Present Alessandri Sr the former Chilean prciclcnt under whom Chile s advanced social reform I legislation was started Buenos Aires is the iieM stop j Ihc rip is over the Andes ty air Charles A Lindbergh ad dressing America First rally m York said that Uc should not enter a war unless ive Iiavc a reasonable cliaucc of winning also that it is now obvious lhat England is losing the war Weather Report MASON FORECAST CITY Partly cloiuiy continued warm Monday night and Tuesday IOWA Fair cast partly eloudv west Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy showers extreme west beginning in afternoon or at night continued warm MINNESOTA Partly cloudy scat tered showers northwest Mon day night and west and north central Tuesday cooler north central Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather slatNtics Maximum Sunday liriimim Sunday nigh n At B a in Monday oo the United Slates army air corps have of course disturbed me greatly 1 had hoped that I might exercise my right as an American citizen to place my viewpoint be fore the people of my country in time of peace without giving up the privilege of serving my coun try as an air corps officer in the event of war But since you in your ca pacity as president the Lniled States and commanderin chief of the army have clearly im plied lhat I am no longer of use to this country as a reserve of ficer and iu view of other im plication lhat you my president and my superior officer have made concerning my loyalty to my country my character and my motives I can see no hon orable alternative to Icnderiiifr my resignation as colonel in the United Slates army air corps reserve I am therefore for warding my resignation lo the secretary of xvar J take this action with Ihe ut most regret for my relationship with the air corps is one the things that has meant most lo me in life 1 place it second only to right as a citizen to speak freely lo my fellow countrymen and to discuss with them the is sues of war and peace which con Iront our nation in this crisis I will continue to serve mv country to the best of my ability as a private citizen Respectfully CHARLES A LINDBERGH President Roosevelt at his conference last Friday asserted trial if was dumb to consider a nazi victory inevitable and classed Colonel Lindbergh with appeasers ivho urged peace during the revo lutionary and Civil wars on the grounds that those war could not be t Colonel Lindberghs name was brought into the discussion when a reporter asked why the liver had not been called into active service although he held n com mission in the air corps reserve IMPORTANCE OF US PATROLS IS GIVEN CAPITOL Churchills Pointed Remarks Arouse Keen Interest in Washington Cnurchills high appraisal of the role of the United Slates navys offshore patrol in the Uillle of the Atlantic aroused keen in terest Monday on Capitol Hill Ever since President Koose vell disclosed on Friday lhat navul vessels ivcrc operaline great distances al sea in the in terests of hemisphere defense many legislators have been frankly uncertain just what significance the widened patrol zone might play in the program of aid to Britain Mr Roosevelt carefully avoided connecting the extension of the patrol with anything except de fense considerations but the words of Prime Minister Chur chill Sunday were interpreted in i number of quarters as proof that the step was least furnish the great est help possible to the royal navy in maintaining Britains North At lantic life line The forccfnlncss of some of Churchills phraseology attract ed special notice The prime min ster spoke of the patrol extension as representing tremendous de cisions1 which brought him in describable relief He also snid hat the United States was ex tending Britain naval support within the limits of the patrol 5lan and voiced the belief tiiat his country did not intend to be frustrated in its policy by per nilting leaselend supplies to be sunk by napi action Churchills comments on the extended patrol policy in the opinion of some congressmen would inlroduce fresh material for argument in the intensifying unofficial debate over whether Ihe United States should resort to convoys to insure the safe delivery abroad of British aid cargoes Must Rehire Men Dismissed for Membership in Union Supreme Court Rules on Phase of Wagner Act Interpretation YfAi AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a niSunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum CENT BUS FARE DUBUQUE the Ore early reaction was lhat the British prime ministers remarks j might have the effect of pushing the convoy question into the ground at least lor the present Tiic importance hc attached to the assistance expected from the patrol it was pointed out would not encourage advocates of a con voy system to press their efforts until the effectiveness of the pa trol plan had been tested Ships on patrol would report the pros first j of anv submarine or surface WASHINGTON su preme court held Monday in a far reaching decision that the Wagner labor act requires a com pany to hire and give back pay to a person round by the labor board to have been denied work because of union membership or activities Justice Frankfurter delivered the decision giving fresh interpre tation lo the meaning of the labor legislation At issue uas validity of a labor board order dircctinR the Ihelps Dodge corporation of New York lo employ and give back pay to two men were found lo have been refused work because of union affilia tion The order applied to the com panys copper mine at Bisbee Aowhere a strike was begun on JuneJlO before the Wagner act became effective on July 5 1935 Denial of employment to the wo men constituted discrimina tion the labor board found The company contended ii should not be compelled to hire strangers The decision also held that 1 The labor board has the to order the reinstatement of striking workers who had ob aincd regular and substantially equivalent employment elsewhere 1 In making a backpay award the board need not require the de duction of amounts which the re cipient could have earned but did nol On these hvo questions how ever the court ordered further proceedings by the board to determine specifically whether such rulings in this particular case would effectuate the pnr poses of the Wagner act The courts action was by a G to 2 division with Chief Justice Hughes and Justice Stone dis senting Justice Murphy wrote a separate concurring opinion in which he was joined by Justices Black and Douglas contending that the ease should not have been remanded to Ihc labor board out Ihal the boards order should be aflirmcd in full TO Springs in 1937 had been compelled to complete the journey m a Jim Crow car with second class accommodations VAST OUTPUT IN ARMS PLANNED Officials Look Ahead Against Possibility of Continuance of War WASHINGTON Asinst he possibility that war may still be raging two years hence de fense officials are shaping plans tor expanding output of the ar senal of democracy beyond the capacity of any possible foe Persons in close touch with the planners reported Monday that vfu new bomuer ammunition and other arms plants were in the pre liminary design stage and pre dicted requests to congress for billions to build and operate them The program is based on es limules of the 19 llcods of United Stales armed forces and hose of countries which this na tion may then be supplying with munitions The plans mint be made well in advance because even under emergency pressure it takes a year or more to bulitl crimp and start production in complex arms factories For example construction has yet to start on the second bi program of munitions plants con struction for which congress has provided more than 81500000 Just beginning to lurn out powder shells machine warplanes and tanks are plants ouilt under the first program into which the government put SI 50000000 Construction work on of these started only last Koplyjiiff 1ir Kunsevclt said tlial during the Civil war nu merous foreigners libertyloving people fought oa both sides and that al Ihe same lime bolh sides Jet certain people RO lhal Is did mil rail them into service He said the people who were thus ignored were the Vallanclig hums He explained that he Val were people who from labt on urged immediate peace nsumg that Die norlh could not vin the war between die Clement L Vallandigham was a member of me house from Ohio In 1863 hc was arrested or al leged treasonable utterancesand banished into the confcclciatc states Me was known as a leader of the British Take Bessie From Italian Force NAIROBI Kenya Colony The fall of Depsic Italian strong hold in Ethiopia was announced officially Mordav Dessie lies HO miles northeast of Addis Ababa British South African forces last Thursday reported they had1 routed Italian defender from I mountain barricades before the stronghold in the fiercest battle of the East African campaign The announcement said Dessic fell on April troops entered the town p in1 Our nt fj most fall The siipre1 lay tiiat one state to e to those furnished court held JTuii rocs traveling from another arc entitled accommodations equal while persons jvtouiia Cucf Justice Hughes delivered the decision on a test cast brought Representative Arthns W Mit Ncgro disse time in Dubuqucs history a 5cent sighted thus enabling ship bufare will be established here1in avoid the vicinity efleclive Thursday Present fare is j c convoy discussion pro 10 cents or three tokens for a i cccdod meanwhile Senators Nor jris dnd NcbrJ and Russell D i i GiO came mil in favor of trans j fcnirs more U S naval vessels to Britain before institulini con voys rris who touch imsmccss 1 fully In have a iirotiibition against convoys written into the nrilishaiil bill reporters he favored givingnritain bat tleships cruisers or oilier firct units needed o protect her At lanlic shipping V If the United Stales ilsclf should undertake convoy duty he saul it might tic up most of the fleet in the Atlantic and thus lead Japan to try further expansion in the Pacific While saying he was anjious o see American supplies reach Brit am Russell nformed reporters he did not yet favor convoys and would prefer the transfer of American warships to the British KKPOUT SHIPS SUNK ROME Italian subi i marine sent a 100DO ton enemv auxiliary cruiser to the bottom of Ilic Atlantic the fascist high coin chell the only member of congress No was announced Mitchell contended that hc laci been forcibly ejected from a F R FREEZES GREEK ASSETS WASHINGTON Knoscvelt iiicd ai The actioji look cognizance of the conquest of Greeceby Ger many a was designed lo keep Greek credits or cash in this coun try from German hands Creek assets in this country are estimated by government officials at between 340000000 and S50 GERMANS DRIVE AGAINST BEF IN SOUTH GREECE Swastika Flies Over Acropolis in Athens Democracys Birthplace By THE ASSOCIATED IKliSS Adolf Hitlers swastika of conquest flew Monday over the ancient Acropolis in Athens birth place of the worlds first democ racy vNnle hvo German columns drove south across the Pelopon nesus in pursuit of rctrcalini B E F troops Australian army Minister Percy C Spender said the withdrawal of British imperial forces by under way and declared As far as his has proceeded it was been V Berlin reaorts said nazi Stuka divcborabeis were blasting at British troop concentrations ami speeding the last of the B E F touard a new Dun kcrquc ItalianKlhiopian In the five years ago Emperor llaile Selassie established his military headquarters at Dessic and Ital ian planes raiding Ihc town on Dec fi 1935 destroyed the em perors palace there The Ethiopian ruler escaped death narrowly several times in subsequent raids Marsha Pietro an nounced the capture of Dessie bv Italian troops on April 15 1KIG indicating the complete collapse of llaile Selassies defenses in the north Addis Ababa fell to the ItnliniLs only a few later on May 5 order brought tiic such assets lo more than Hot 000000 al Hitlers high comma net said the liiftwaffe violently strafed Brit ish and Greek columns in the SosTripolis area in the heart of the Peloponnesus This would indicate that Hie Hies so far had fallen back Ivilf way across thePeloponnesus ap parently fighting stiff rearguard actions ci cover thewithdrawal of the mtiin B E F body toward embarkation ports The German communique said operations were proceeding on schedule Occupied Sunday Athens was the Htli European capital under German domination by diplomacy or blitzkrieg fury since the Austrian anschluss in March A n p r p x i in a 1 e 1 y 1000000 square area Rrcaler Ilian all nf Ihc United Stales of Ihc more than ITDOOOOOO nnpula limi have fallen tn Ihc rciih announced that Italian bluckshiri troops had occupied the island of Corfu off Ihe Greek west roost which guards the entrance to the Adriatic sea Heralded by martial music over German radios the naxi high com mands report on the fall of Athens of its GOAL RESERVES SHRINK MORE Defense Mediation Board Admits Efforts to End Strike Failed By UNITED PRESS Defense industry watched coal reserves shrinking Monday anc saw no prospect of restoring them immediately The defense mediation boards announcement that it was aban doning efforis to cncl the 28 clay work stoppage of 400000 soft coal miners left future peace efforts in the wage dispute uncertain U the first time Ihe de fense board had admitted failure to reach agreement in a lalior dispulc although in a few olhcr cases its announced settlement Icrms have failed of acceplance by one of the parties concerned Most industries reported only another 10 day supply of soft coal available Blast furnaces used in Rteel manufacture cssenlial to IKC rrmament have shut clown in some districts War department of ficials warned of serious shortages in prospec Action by President Roosevelt Is j not likely Washington sources said Several days ago he issued I an appeal for a return to work in tiic interests of defense recom mending lhat northern miners and operators who have agreed on n new contract resume production and that southern mines be re opened luring contract ncgolia I lion I x ii ii Tlie mmcsl fallen1 southern operators refusing it A re turn lo work of iSdOllO norlh crn Ainakifhian miners would relieve the situation bill Unilcil Mine Workers CIO officials have refused Id pcrmil any work resumplion unless soulh crn owners agree to a new S7 wage scale HITLER TO USE GREEK BASES IN DRIVE ON SUEZ Berlin Claims German Naval Forces Have Arrived in Aegean By JOE AUCX MORRIS United Iress Foreign News Editor Tuo axis columns moved into Ivgypt Monday apparently in a drive upon sicli Barrani timed to coincide with German mopping up operations asninsl hc handful of British fortes still holding out on Ihc deck Peloponnesus Tin British believed Germany ill employ her new bases iii Greece ami Hie Greek islands of the eastern Mediterranean in 1 ciiiiccntratiHl offensive to win control of the Suez canal and the riches of the middle casl i And for the first time since the wars of Napoleon Britain faced a major tincat in the western Medi terranean where a mui offensive asamsi Gibraltar was expected at any moment Adolf Hitlers Balkan offensive had reached he mopup stage German troops entered Atlicn 1 Sunday and already were movinjj i ilmvn the Peloponnesus from a tonthold at Patras i It vas thought that only small scattered detachments of liie Brit ish expeditionary corps vcmoined jin Greece Australian official save the first word on the prou i ress of the British evacuation rc porting that it had been so far An authorilullve London report on the evacuation was expected to be delayed until the last troops arc out Many of the British are be hoved to have been moved In Crete which is expected to Be held strongly as against Greece advance base the German positions DR AUTURO AIESSAXDRJ np Former Chilean President mand said Monday announced 1c German forcs The southern ovncrs have of fered SliSO They claim they can not pay more because freight rate differences make it impos sible to compete wild northern coal in principal markets if their labor costs arc increased They have been paying a S5fil daily wage and northern SC under an agreement expired March i But while the defense board as announcing IaiUirc to settle the MH coal work toppagc it recorded at leat temporary snc cesin averting a walkout of United Automobile Workers at G I General Motorcompany plants which have STiOOtlOOOO defence contract The union pledged to ditrr lor a reasonable time anv strike ac tion pending further negotiations with management on demandlor wage increases Berlin was already looking forward tu the next phase of the var German sources said that they expected to use Greece and liic Greek islands as bases from which ti intensify their tight against British control of ihn eastern mediterranean These bases arc within ricy flying range of most of the British positions in hc middle easl Berlin claimed nisi that naval forces have now arrived in Ihc Aegean area It was supposed that these forces comprise lifiiH motor lorpedo boats and posibly submarines 11 was not clear how the naval units arrived in the Mediterranean The Germans have a iiiivil base at Conslanxa Ru mania but it seemed doubtful lhat submarines and other smalt trail could slip through the Dar danelles without detection by the The seriousness of lh nciv axis movement into Egypt was I mil yet ilcar The columns rrussod Ihc border Sunday siiillh nf Sulluni TinItrilisli still hold Tiilinik hack nf lie axis for waril lusrs iml Prime Minislrr Churchill expressed siilslaiilial confidence in On j Sir Arliiliulil Uavells abilily lo i liamllc Ihe Germans and Ilaliiins i Churchills address was conli jdcnf as ever rf Britains ultimate vntory but il made plain the t raelily of German threats in liie j middle Egypt and Tur io Gibraltar liiroiisu jfeprim In Athens Large Contingent of Canadian Flyers and Soldiers Is Landed A BRITISH PORT pThc largest iingle contingent of Ca nadiantraincd flyer to reach Ihc ti inted Kingdom since inaugura tion of the empire air training pro gram arrived here safely Simdax in company v itli Canachan lighting men and tiic Caucasus oil fields Britih ODinion was tiiatSpain j might siiordy SIRII up formally with Ihc inpovcj military prrt iand tiiat von before that German iniKiit start over tiic Span norricr There nlso if fear ri GCTjiuin entry into A fawnable MKI for liic Kritih n lsypi vis tinfurther collapc roitaiice in Kit An ici tjmr admitted liic los nf iJeMe rr ol the low remaining Mi ongholrjv in Ethiopia It was obvious lhat the bulk of the British troops in EnM Africa iiorlly would hc available for service in Egypt and many probably have been trans Ierred here Home admitted that 101 perons were killed and jflfl wounded in iir big Brilih naval bombard ment of Tripoli The Greek island of Corfu cniih of Albania occupied by an aviation fuixrs and fascist niilita Tiic Brit press colled for a greater war effort and 1 spccd tip in iiim production in view ol he German thrcal A large vaniidiiin expeditionary loivc in iluriii2 mFiny airmen arrived in Uniaiii tir larcot hntvh of Cn troopto avnv e ;