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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 28, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME t H HIST ueu 4 ART DPr of DCS HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPW THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT 4 VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PBESS AKP OKITED PRESS FMJ tEASEP WBtES CEKTS A copyMASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APBIL 28 1939 TECS PAPES COMOSH OPTWO V SECTION ONE NO 172 HITLER SCORNS F D R OFFER Paul F D R Original Idea of Shifts Was Grander Mana ger Eoosevelts original idea for shifting the government wings around us somewhat grander than the one he presented to congress H e trimmed it be fore he let it out Advance tips ot some ot his grander inten tions leaked to congress through a cer tain senator As the senator is friendly to Mr Eoosevelts pur poses the leak unquestionably was a subrosa white house at tempt to flnd out how congress might react to certain things The answer came back fast A lorceful senatorial opposition spoke out on the inside against any enlarging of the commerce department for Harry Particularly the senatorswere of the proposed beheading of Jesse Jones as chairman of BFC by moving him under Hop kins The idea therefore was elim inated from the program One of the presidents friends asked him he gave in and the president is supposed to have re plied It would be too much of a headache Squeeze Against Jones While Mr Roosevelt may have avoided a headache certain sen atorial skeptics believe his foot yet itches for Mr may be it is only his palm The word ing of the proposed legislation does not suggest which It is very very peculiar Concerning the new federal se curity setup the presidents pro posal specifically says that the social security board and its chair man shall be taken over apparent ly DS they stand It says the presi dent shall appoint a new federal security administrator to act above the board But all this detail is lacking in the specifications for creating the new lending agency Newsmen at the presidents last press ence understood him to say the HFC board presumably including Chairman Jones could not be abolished under existing law But the text of the proposal strangely neglected to say where they would stand or sit under the new ar rangement Presumably Jones could be squeezed out or elevated to be administrator over all loan agencies Senators are inclined to believe Mr Roosevelt is looking for some personal commitments from Mr Jones and perhaps some others not including the social security board whose standing is hazard ed in the new transfer Perkins Fares Better Faring far better was Madame Perkins the labor secretary It is an unconfirmed truth that orig inally the president intended to put her childrens bureau under the new federal welfare agency where it might logically belong Upon her protest the president abandoned the idea c Representatives of the Ameri can Medical association joined with the public health service in protest to the president about be ing grouped in with relief agen cies in the new welfare concen without success PHS thought it would be shoved into a corner cubbyhole in the new group and it probably will The doctors preferred a board rather than a single administrator so they would have some representa tion at the top The bureau of education likewise howled inef fectively These and other agencies start ed running through back alleys to congress as soon as the plan was divulged They may be able to in spire opposition the extent of which is not yet evident BOND QUESTION ON RECREATION AREA DEFEATED Has Only 52 Per Cent Where 60 Per Cent of Vote Is Necessary SEE STORY ON PAGE 13 The proposed bond is sue for a new Mason City recre ational area in the northeast cor ner of the city failed to get ap proval from the voters Thursday A 52 per cent majority ot the vot ers favored the proposal but state law requires that a bond issue must pass by 60 per cent to be le gal The vote Yes 1670 No 1479 A total of 3164 ballots was cast compared with 3629 in the recent city election There were 15 spoiled ballots Surprise of the election was the defeat of the issue in the second precinct the second ward the northwest part of the city where the vote was 159 Yes and 201 No The proposal suffered its worst defeat in the second precinct of the third ward the southeast part of the city where only 39 per centiof thevote was favorable Only in the first ward the northeast quarter of the city where the project would have been located gave it the necessary 60 per cent majority Two other precincts the first of the second ward and the first of the third ward gave the proposal favorable majorities of 54 and 53 percent respectively Loss of the bond issue proposal took with it also the offer of 5193700 of federal WPA funds which would have been expended With the provided by the city to purchase approximately 160 acres of land including the present American Legion golf course and improve it for a mu nicipal recreation area The area would have provided facilities for golf swimming ten nis baseball softball and other sports as well as for hiking and picnicking Winter sports would have included skating skiing and tobogganing The vote by precincts Precinct Total Yes No IP 340 225 110 67 2P 1W 444 303 135 70 IP 2W 602 324 276 54 2P 2W 363 159 201 44 IP 3W 482 254 224 53 2P 3W 415 162 253 39 IP 4W 355 167 187 47 2P 4W 163 70 93 43 Totals 3164 1670 1479 5 MRS LINDBERGH ARRIVES IN U S Brings 2 Children Ashore With Escort of 75 Policemen NEW YORK Charles A Lindbergh and her two child ren arrived Friday from England on the French liner Champlain and came ashore with an escort of 75 policemen A nurse carried tiie younger Lindbergh child two year old Land and Jon 6 walked beside his mother down the gangplank to the freight level where an auto mobile with New Jersey license plates awaited them presumably to Uke them to the estate of Mrs Dwight Morrow Mrs Lindberghs mother at Englewood N J Colonel Lindbergh on a tour of the country for the army air ser vice which has drafted him to active duty was in Dayton Ohio The Champlain docked at 6 a m and Mrs Lindbergh the children and the nurse were the first pas sengers off They went down the gangplank at a m Until then police had guarded the pier and permitted no newspaper men aboard No photographers were permitted within 75 feet of Mrs Lindbergh or the children Policemen completely surround ed them until they reached the automobile which left in the di rection of Englewood Germanjuehrer Demands Return of Danzig to Reich j WW m m Poland and Great Britain r Declares Poland in Encirclement Pact With England Moyor Greets Royalty Specific Answers Given to Roosevelt by Hitler in Talk Fuehrer Declares U S Has Carried Out 6 Cases of Intervention as lie welcomedCrown Prince 0 layanil jCrbwii Princess to America The royal pimple arrived uas m a collision with a pilot boat just oft Ambrose lifrht A month tour of America has been planned STATES NAZIS FORGED CHANGE English Official Declares Character bf Britain Is Same LONDON John Si mon chancellor of the exchequer declared Friday it was the action of Germany which was respon sible for Britains new foreign policy Speaking shortly after Chancel lor Hitlers reichstag speech Sir John insisted that British charac ter had not altered The thing that lias changed British policy and changed it with unanimous approval he said is the action of Germany It is no longer true that Ger man policy is limited to bringing Germans within the reichHecent actions gofurtherthan that and if these actions portend an effort at domination over the rest of Europe it is an effort which Britain must oppose Sir John spoke as British naval quarters analyzing Hitlers can cellation of the AngloGerman naval pact which provided that the German fleet be inferior per manently in tonnage to the British fleet said they were unsurprised and by the move Herbrecht Is Named Iowa S S Secretary WASHINGTON Iowa G Hcrbrecht of Des Moines was named by the State Sunday school board to succeed the late Walter Hutton as general secretary for Iowa Herbrecht has been state young peoples secretary several years Hutton died March 29 The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Friday night and Saturday slightly wanner Sat urday in extreme west portion MINNESOTA Fair Friday night and Saturday slightly warmer extreme northwest por tion Friday night warmer Sat urday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette tics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation weather statis 58 47 72 43 81 LOOK INSIDE FOR SENATOR BORAH Says Hitler Speech Ends Peace Parleys PAGE 2 200 at Presbytery Meeting in Algona PAGE 11 Power Pitchers in Final County Scrap PAGE 3 2 of Proposed New Network Highways Would Cross Iowa WASHINGTON o a would be crossed by two of the highways in the new network pro posed to congress by President Roosevelt The presidents suggestion for a system of regional highways to serve the needs of longdistance automobile traffic and provide for military transportation in case of war would involve primarily the improvement of existing roads to convert them into through routes The tentative selection of inter regional routes included Duluth to the Mexican border by way of Des Moines and Kansas City Cfteyenne Vyo1 Sy way of qjs Moines andQmaha BERLIN following 1uestion are the specific answers Adolf Hitler gave Friday to President Roosevelt in the name of the Ger man people it and that if this threat continues Mr Roosevelt is of the opinion 5 lalBe part the world is con that I top must realize that to a common ruin throughout the world hundreds of r millions of human beings are liv ing in constant fear of a new war or even a series of wars This he says is of concern to the people of the United States for whom he speaks as it must also be to the peoples of the nations of the entire west ern hemisphere Ih rpnlv to V v j lesara u states with whom we of war has existed among man kind from time immemorial and justifiably so For instance after the peace treaty Versailles 14 wars were waged between 1919 and 1938 alone in none oE which Germany was concerned but in which the states of the western hemisphere in whose name President Roose velt also speaks were indeed con cerned In addition there were in the same period 26 violent interven bons STrii eel C it mctt throughby means of bloodshed and force Germany also played no part In these The United States alone has carried out military interventions in six cases since 1918 Germany was concerned in none of these nor was she the cause of any of these events It would therefore be a mistake in my eyes to assume that the fear of war inspiring European and nonEuro pean nations can at thispresent time be traced back to actual wars at all S O The reason for this fear lies solely in an unbridled agitation on the part of the press an agi tation as mendacious as it is base in the circulation of vile pamphlets about the heads of foreign states and in an artificial spreading of Panic which in the end goes so far that interventions from an other planet are believed possible and cause scenes of desperate alarm Here Hitler referred to a united States radio dramatization last fall of an invasion of the earth by men of Mars The broad cast was mistaken as reality by some listeners I believe that as soon as the responsible governments im pose upon themselves and their journalistic organs the necessary restraint and truthfulness as re gards the relations of the vari ous countries to one another and in particular as regards in ternal happenings In other coun tries the fear of war will dis appear and the trajiquility irhich we all desire so much wilt become possible Mr Roosevelt expressed the be lief that every major war even if it were to be confined to other continents must have serious con sequences while it lasts and also for generations to come Theanswer No one knows this better than the German people For the peace treaty of Versailles imposed burdens on the German people which could not have been paid off even in a hundred years although it has been proved by American teachers of constitution al law historians and professors of history that Germany was no more to blame for the outbreak of the war than any other nation But I do not believe that every conflict must have disastrous con sequences for the whole world provided the whole world is not systematically drawn into such conflicts x x x U Mr Roosevelt declared that he had already appealed to me on a former occasion on behalf of a peaceful settlement of political economic and social problems and without resort to arms The answer I myself hive alwsys been an exponent of this view and as history proves have settled necessary political economic and social problems without force of arms that is without resort to arms however this politicians statesmen and news paper representatives who were neither directly concerned nor even affected by he problems in t Mr Roosevelt believes that the Ude of events is once more bringing the threat of arms with The Answer As far as Ger many is concerned I know noth ingof this kind of threat to other nations although I every day read in the democratic newspapers lies about such a threat Every day I read of German mobilizations of the landing of troops of this in regard to states with whom we peace but also with whom we are in many cases the closest friends Mr Roosevelt believes further that in case of war victorious neutral nations vanquished and will all suffer The answer As a politician have been the exponent of this conviction for 20 years at a time when unfortunately the respon sible statesmen in America coulc not bring themselves to make the as regards theu parficipaUoniniKegreat war and its issue Mr Roosevelt believes lastly that it lies with the leaders of the great nations to preserve their peoples from the impending dis aster The Answer If that is true then it is a punishable neglect to use no worse word if the leaders of nations with corres ponding powers are not capable of controlling their newspapers which are agitating for war and so to save the world from the threatening calamity of an armed conflict I am not able to understand why these responsible leaders in stead of cultivating diplomatic relations between nations make them more difficult arid indeed disturb them by recalling ambas sadors et cetera without any reason Mr Hoosevelt declared finally that three nations in Europe and one in Africa have seen their in dependence existence terminated The answer I do not know which three nations in Europe are meant Should it be a question of the provinces re incorporated in the German reich I must draw the attention of Mr Roosevelt to an historical error It is not now that these nations sacrificed their independent ex istence in Europe but rather in 1918 when they contrary to so lemn promises were separated from their communities and made into nations which they never wished to be and never were and they had forced upon them an independence which was no in dependence but at the most could only mean dependence upon an international foreign world which they hated As for the fact however that one nation in Africa is alleged to have lost its too is an error for it is not a question of one nation in Africa having lost its the contrary practically all the previous in habitants of this continent have been made subject to the sov ereignty other nations by bloody force thereby losing their freedom Moroccans Berbers Arabs Ne groes et cetera have all fallen victim to foreign might the swords of which however were inscribed not made in Germany but made by democracies Mr Roosevelt declares that U is clear to him that all interna tional problems can fac solved at the council table The answer Theoretically one ought to believe in this possibility for common sense would correct demands on the one hand and snow the compelling necessity of a compromise on the other Tt V i ueuuan nauon naa lai it ought not to happen that one arms it was not even Taunts Roosevelt With Sharp Com ment on U S Role in World Hitler Friday scornfully rejected Presi dent Eoosevelts peace message demanded return of Dan zig to the reich and denounced treaties with Poland and Great Britain I must decline to give any guarantee to anybody ex cept to the nation for whose security and safctv I am re sponsible he said of Mr Roosevelts request for a non aggression pledge to 31 nations He called the presidents appeal a breach of good manners In one of the most eloquent speeches of his career and possibly in its implications the most portentous Hitler ad dressing his nazi reichstag swept over the problems of the worldand taunted Mr Roosevelt with sharptongued comment on Americas role in world affairs In disclosing his demand for the return of Danzig Hitler compared Polands present positionto that of i Czechoslovakia before he dismembered that postwar republic He denounced the German Polish friendship treaty on the ground tliat Polandhad ADOLF HITLER or even 200 on equal 140 ISO area But in no case should these for tunate peoples curtail the exist ing living space of those who are as it is suffering by robbing them of their colonies for instance I would therefore be very happy if these problems could find their solution at the council table My skepticism however is based on the fact that it was America herself w Ii o gave sharpest expression to her mis trust in the effectiveness of con ferences For the greatest con ference of all time was without any doubt the league of nations That authoritative body repre senting all the peoples of the world created in accordance with the will ot an American presi dent was supposed to solve the problems of humanity at the coun cil table The first slate however that shrank from this endeavor was the United reason being that President Wilson himself even then nourished the greatest doubts of the possibility of really being able to solve decisive internation al problems at the conference table We honor your wellmeant opinion Mr Roosevelt but op posed to your opinion stands the actual fact that in almost 20 years of the activity of the greatest conference in the world namely the league of nations it has proved impossible to solve one single decisive international problem Mr Roosevelt continues that it is no answer to the plea for peace ful discussion for one side to plead that unless they receive assur ances beforehand that the verdict will be theirs not to lay aside their Mr Roosevelt there lias been only one country and one gov ernment which have acted ac cording to the recipe extolled in such glowing terms and that country was Germany The Ger man nation once trusting in Ihc solemn assurances of Presi dent Wilson and in the confirma tion of these assurances by the allies laid down its arms and thus went unarmed to the con ference table It is true that as soon as the German nation had laid down its res was made breaking of a ever been known Reaction to Hitler Message on KGLO KGLO will carry a reply to Hitlers talk by Winston Churchill of Eneland at 5 p m Friday A roundup of Washinr ton and European comment on the message will be heard at p m and at Friday evening the CBS network will carry a roundup of American press comment on the talk violated it by entering an pact with encirclement Britain He denounced the Gcrman British naval limitation treaty as having no basis be cause of Britains present policies Offers New Treaties In both instances he soft ened the denunciation by of fering to negotiate new treaties and he repeatedly declared Ger manys desire for peace by as serting that Europes problems could be solved He asserted that his offers to Poland had been rejected Reveals Polish Offers These offers he publicly re vealed for the first time were Return of Danzig as a free state into the framework of the German reich a sovereign German route across the Polish corridor to East Prussia and a railway line across the corridor at Germanys dis posal a free harbor at Danzig for Poland acceptance of present boundaries between the two coun tries as final a 25year nonag gression treaty and a guarantee of the independence of Slovakia by Germany Poland and Hungary To France Hitler repeated his guarantee to respect AlsaceLor raine as French teiritory The ter ritory was won by Germany in the war of 1870 and regained by France in the World war Reciprocity Is Demanded Answering President Roosevelts nonaggression proposals he de clared himself willing to give to other nations assurances of non aggression on the condition of absolute reciprocity and provided the states in ouestion desired it The German govern ment is prepared lo give lo each of the states named by Roosevelt an assur ance of the kind desired hy Mr Roosevelt on the condi tion of absolute reciprocitv provided that the state wishes it and itself address es to Germany a request for such an assurance to gether with appropriate ;