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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowai Doily Newspaper for MM CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME VOL ff Th0 ntwspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors ind Unltrt Prcn iBUrBitlonil fun Wlw MASON CITY IOWA WEDNiSDAY APRIL U Wl t Copy vTMi CeuUU ol Four SectionsSection Strategy on Cuba revised To destroy Castroism By JOHN M HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON W President Kennedy has assigned the top agencies of his administration the job of figuring out a new strategy for destroying Castro ism in Cuba He has taken on himself the task of winning from Republican leaders a moratorium on do mestic political argument which could wreck the new attempt before it was launched Many plans are reported under consideration ranging from direct US military action now highly unlikely to imposi tion of interAmerican political sanctions which US officials very much desire BUT BASIC to the futurt in Kennedys view is the need to prevent a RepublicanDemo cratic dog fight over the recent failure from wrecking future operations To that end Kennedy has con ferred with former President D wight D Eisenhower former Vice President Richard M Nixon the 1960 GOP presidential candidate Gov Nelson A Rockefeller of New York and Sen Barry Goldwater RAriz Two sets of studies now are under way One is concerned with a resurvey of USCuban relations looking toward the destruction of Castros rule Informants said that the Presi dent clearly is committed to bring Castro down in some man ner considering him a threat to the stability of the Western Hem isphere just as a Soviet base in Cuba would be to the security of the United States THE OTHER study more directly into the operation of the Central Intelligence Agency which reportedly helped train and equip the 1200man Cuban rebel assault force which launched the abortive landing operation against Castro eight days ago That study is under the direction of retired Army Gen Maxwell D Taylor Several possible lines of action are consideration but none of them near firm de cision 1 Naval Blockade In the Presidents view this would be an act of war and probably not a very effective one since a blockade is designed to strangle a nation to death slowly Ken nedy and Secretary of State Dean Rusk so far have been cold to this procedure 2 Economic Embargo A partial embargo is already in effect To impose a total em bargo would deny the Cuban people foodstuffs and medicines which they now can still buy from the United States and deny American cigar makers their tobacco from Cuba The greatest single diplomatic dis advantage of a total embargo is that it would subject the United States to propaganda charges of starving the Cuban people 3 DIRECT Military Interven tion US officials are ex tremely reluctant to revive in tervention as an instrument of American policy however great the provocation They fear re vival of antiYankeeism on a huge scale throughout Latin America 4 A new antiCastro opera tion by Cuban refugees If it could be properly organized and supported on a large scale that kind of action might still be the way out for the United States some authorities think 5 InterAmerican Action Un der existing agreements the Or ganization at American stales could impose economic and po litical sanctions on Castro xbj twothirds vote So far Castros popularity in Latin America has been great enough to block such a vote Now Washington authori ties say one of the unexpected results of last weeks failure is growth of antiCastro sentiment among LatinAmerican coun tries BACK IN ROCHESTER ROCHESTER Minn UPI Pulitzer Prize winning author Ernest Hemingway has reen tcrcd a hospital here for a checkup of hypertension He was hospitalized in Rochester earlier year lor the same illness AP Photofax GAPOSIS The Robert Brokamp family inspects the damage to their home after it was torn apart by a tornado which struck the Eaton Ohio area Illinois and Ohio have borne the brunt of waves of twisters that have skipped across the Midwest since last week end1 21 in Iowa Mason Cityans merit scholars Another story photo page 32 Two of the 21 National Merit Scholars for 1961 from Iowa are Mason City High School students only ones from North Iowa in the top bracket of the nations outstanding high school students They are Ronald Cecil Hansen son of Mr and Mrs Everett G Han sen Route 2 Gary Allan Murphy son of Mr and Mrs Frank W Murphy 919 Tyler NW AWARDS TO about 950 stu dents throughout the US ended year of nationawide academic competition The 950 will have their college educations guar anteed financially so long as they maintain academic stand ards Maximum awards are a year for four years the exact amount for each student depend ng on his financial needs The merit competition began n March 1960 when the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Tests were conducted in more nan 15000 public independent and parochial secondary schools The winners of the merit scholarships were chosen from a group of almost 10000 finalists who had very high scores on the qualifying and a second examin ation plus a personal record of other achievements Hansens award is from the Lehigh Portland Cement Co which provides a scholarship each year under the National Merit Scholarship Program It is intended to assist sons or daugh ters of Lehigh employes to ac quire a college educationbut if none qualify it is awarded to a finalist in a community where the company operates a plant Hansens father is a farmer RONALD EXPECTS to take a premedicine course at the Uni versity of Iowa and eventually to become a surgeon He has held every office in his 4H club and was Cerro Gordo vice presi dent He is president of the Ma son City High School Chorus and participated in the state solo and ensemble contest He is presi dent of his Luther League Murphys award is from the SearsRoebuck Foundation the largest private sponsor of merit scholarships His mother Doris A Murphy is a department manager in the Mason City Sears store His father is a chemist for the American Cry stal Sugar Co Gary will attend Iowa State bul has not yet decided on his eventual career He was treas urer of the junior class and is vice president of the Science Club and treasurer of the Math Club RONALD C HANSEN GARY A MURPHY On the inside 4 Society MO1112 Clear Lake 1516 Sports 2122 North Iowa News Comics 21 Latest Markets 34 Mason City Newt 3435 SAMEDATIlfWHf Pla nner of Algerian revolt to face death General flown to Paris Two others are sought ALGIERS Iff Forces loyal to President Charles de Gaulle crushed the four day army revolt Wednes day with hardly a shot The man who led the insur rection Gen Maurice Challe surrendered to face trial and possibly a death sentence Challe was flown back to Paris under arrest Three other retired generals who joined in leading the mu S a 1 a n Edmond Jouhad and Andre not accounted for One uncon firmed report put them at a Foreign Legion camp at Za relda 25 miles from Algiers THE FRENCH Ministry of Information said Challe landed at a field near Paris He will be brought to trial on charges of organizing an insurrection and usurping power Similar charges have been placed against the three other gener als and three colonels The government has not dis closed whether Challe will be tried as a soldier or as a ci vilian On that issue could de pend whether he faces a firing squad or the though the possibility of a death sentence was largely discounted in Paris The uprising ended with the jewildering abruptness with which it began Saturday Thousands of Europeans gath ered in the center of Algiers as rumors swept the city that loyal soldiers were preparing an at tack But the mutinous generals could give little encouragement to the French settlers who had hoped De Gaulles plan of self determination for Algeria was doomed by the insurrection THE GENERALS attempted to speak to the crowd but found he microphones were dead They then boarded trucks and guarded by paratroopers rled the city Gendarmes and loyal soldiers took control of the city hrew up roadblocks Sporadic shooting WIND North Iowa Fair to partly Cloudy through Thursday A little colder with northwest winds 2025 miles an hour Wednesday night lows 2835 Colder windy Thursday highs 4752 Iowa Generally fair through Thursday A little colder north and central Wednesday night lows 3035 north to near 35 south A little colder south and east Thursday highs near 50 Further outlook Partly cloudy and a little warmer Friday FiveDay Temperatures will average from 6 to 9 de grees below seasonal normals with cool weather the first oj the period and no significani changes thereafter Normal maximums are in the lower 60s in the north to the upper 60s in the south Normal min imums are near 40 in the north to the middle 40s in the south Precipitation amounts will not be significant Minnesota Partly cloudy con tinued cool High Thursday 45 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum 49 Minimum 35 At 8 am 48 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 56 Minimum 36 Antiquickie marriage bill sent to floor DBS MOINES bill to take Iowa out of the quickie marriage business was sent to the Senate calendar Tuesday by the sifting committee The committee also reported out a measure raising the mini mum marriageable age The two marriage bills were among 13 to be cleared by the powerful sifting committee for full Senate debate and Among the others were the Shouseapproved bills to tighten i Algiers normal Stores and shops opened and DUSCS were on schedule The fleeing generals left be hind them despairing and be wildered French settlers of the North African metropolis who lad supported their effort to overthrow De Gaulle and keep Algeria forever French In addition to trials of the generals and four colonels charged with key roles in the revolt military courts presum ably will also judge the soldiers who joined the revolt particu and establish rules and regula tions aimed at preventing ex cessive atomic radiation result ing from industrial uses of nu clear energy The house earlier this month approved a bill providing for a threeday waiting period on marriage license applications The lower chamber discussed the bill on two consecutive days before passing it by a 6538 vote Iowas quickie marriage law has drawn extensive criti cism from officials by sur arly the paratroopers w h ojrounding states especially Min ivcrc the rebellious officersinesota An eyewitness tells of abortive Cuba invasion Cochinos Bay landing was Cubas Dunkirk EDITORS NOTE By radiotelephone from a merchant ship in the Gulf of Mexico a survivor of last weeks antiCastro landing gives the first eye witness account of the military operations He and four other rebel fighters had succeeded in escaping the beachhead aboard a raft and a passing ship picked them up Monday The radioed story dictated in Spanish and translated into English is told by a 36yearold Cuban who served as Fidel Castros former judgeadvocate during the Sierra Maestra battle against Batista He turned against Castro a month after Fidel assumed power in Havana and early this year joined the clandestine antiCastro army By MANUEL PENABAZ United Press International Copyright 1961 I am one of the lucky few who got out of Cuba after last weeks disastrous invasion I was there three daysIt wasthe Mig jet fighters the Soviet tanks and the mortars which defeated us The Cochinos Bay landing will be in Cuban history that Dun kirk was to the British Except N nutshell ews in a FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Living costs stabilized WASHINGTON Livingcosts held steady at an alltime peak in March but the buying power of the average factory workers paycheck increased Labor Department said Cuban guerrillas active MIAMI Guerrilla fighters believed to be rem nants of the invasion force that went ashore 10 days ago have attacked a militia outpost and killed one militiaman Havana radio announced The report fol lowed an announcement that Premier Fidel Castros firing squads executed two civilians for joining in an uprising when rebel forces invaded the area No miscalculations WASHINGTON A high U S official has denied there were any intelligence miscalculations involved in the abortive Cuban the opposite of what other equally high authorities have said Huqe paychecks revealed investigators disclosed that a group of ironworkers at one U S missile base have earned up to a week a week more than Defense Secretary Robert McNamara is paid They also reported that otherconstruction workers paychecks have been larger than those of subcabinet members twostar generals and Army Colonels Denv resoonsibility SIOUX CITY Two former officials of the bankrupt Northern Biochemical Corp of Sheldon contend that if any of the companys stock was sold intentionally in violation of federal law they were not responsible for it Harold E Kistner Jr onetime president of the corporation and A M Biderman a bookkeeper testified in their defense against charges of selling or delivering unregistered securities by mail strongest arm Iowas income deadline May 1 DES MOINES Deadline or filing Iowa state income tax returns is automatically ex ended to midnight May 1 the ax commission said Wednes lay Whenever the normal April 0 deadline falls on a Sunday as it does this year the filing period is extended ON STORKS LIST NEW YORK WActor Peter awford and his wife Patricia say they arc expecting their ourlh child in June Mrs Law ord a sister of President Ken nedy and her husband cclcbrat d their seventh wedding anni crsary Monday The marriage age proposal based by the house last month would raise the minimum age for girls from 14 to 16 and for boys from 16 to 18 It also would grant district courts dis cretion in granting permission for unwed mothers under age 16 to marry GE shareholders hear apology SYRACUSE NY WRalph Cordiner chairman of General Electric Co told shareholders Wednesday he was grieved and apologetic for injury done the company by its pricerigging conviction He gavcled the com panys 69lh annual meeting to order as union pickets paraded oulsitlc the War Memorial Audi torium chiding management for the firms involvement in the re cent antitrust case AH Photoux REVOLT LEADER SPEAKS Gen Maurice Chalie leader of the generals revolt against France speaks from balcony of government building n Forum Square in Algiers Some 50000 crowded the square as the insurrection died At left is Gen Raoul Salan and second from left ia Gen Edmond Jouhaud that we had nobody to get us off the beach About 1500 men took part in the invasion Apparently only a handful managed to get away alive There were 350 men in our group We hit the beach from a liberty ship at 3 a nt last April 17 Four companions and myself evidently are the only survivors captured or our 350who went in Our 1500man invading force was aboard six ships We sailed from a friendly Latin American country six days before The first bit of Cuba we sighted was Cayo Guano About an hour later we saw the lights of Play a Larga Long our destination The first batch of men landed at 0300 The operation was very slow and the men were still landing at 0900 six hours later This apparently gave Castros men time to gather their forces and move in reinforcements During the landing we were subjected to allout attack But we kept landing They sank two of our ships They were the ones loaded with ammunition for our tanks and guns My group managed to attain its previously determined posi tion We held it as long as we could shoot We took two prison ers They were both wounded and we took them to our field hospital where our own men were being treated WE HELD OUR position for three days without eating and with a minimum of water Here and there somebody had half a canteen or maybe just a cup ful After three days of fighting it was obvious that our invasion had failed Our commander San Roman gave the order to evacuate the areas They were words we never expected to bear j Salvcse quien pueda ha shouted Every man for him I shall never forget them After hitting the beach and getting into position we man aged to hold fast in my sector despite the fact that Castro was hitting us with everything he had We had five fine tanks but they were useless after the hips carrying the ammunition cor hem were sunk Those same ships carried antitank mines we had hoped to use against astros tanks WE ALL WORE camouflagt and carried Ml car lines or machine guns I was jcfc de la seccion le gal chief of the legal section with a rank equivalent to that of major But actually we had no formal military category There were 26 lawyers in our I was their leader On the way to Cuba some of us did not have too much confi dence in the landing craft simi lar to the US Navy craft of Vnrld War II that were to take us from our transport ships into shore But they turned out to be perfect and our landing was smooth until Castro opened up on us Nevertheless we managed to repelthe initial attacks in spite of our inferior equipment We managed to destroy two of their B2 fis I BUT THEY wtrt knock out our Air posed of B2 6stwith their Mitf jets their Czech xntlaUcrall ;