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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1948, Mason City, Iowa Associated and Cnited Preu Full LeaM Wins THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Kit MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 26 Paper ConsUts ot Two No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Historys One Most Powerful Despot T HEARD a friend express the view recently that no man in recorded history has exercised a power as great as that achieved m the past 28 years by John L Lewis head of the United Mine Workers of America In the time since 1920 when he took over the reins of the miners union there has been a total of 5108 strikes in the hard and soft coal mines of the United States Most of them of course were limited as to time and area But in at least a dozen cases the very industrial economy of America has been brought into grave peril by the decision of this one man a former lowan incidentally ipon 27 of the 28 years in which Mr Lewis has headed the min ers union he has been pretty much without legal restraint He ruled by personal whim and ca price and miners have followed him unquestionably In the past year however con gress spurred by a mounting wrath by the a law which was designed to give the nation a measure of protec tion against dictators such as John L Lewis That it has not proved effective however has been demonstrated this spring when miners were out ot the pits for a month Mr Lewis did by indirection what formerly he was free to do by direct ac tion FOR the violation of the Taft Hartley act a year ago there was a stiff fine for both Mr Lew is and his union The unions fine was later reduced by threefourths by the United States Supreme court This time the fine for Mr Lewis doubled on a contempt of court charge and the fine for the union was set at which is twice the amount of the penalty actually assessed last time against the union In the meantime however Mr Lewis had gained lor and himself substantially what he sought by behindthescenes negotiations sponsored by House Speaker Joe Martin NO REALIST BELIEVES TO DAY THAT ON THE BASIS OF THE BENEFITS GAINED MR LEWIS WILL BE RESTRAINED FROM PROMOTING ANOTHER MINING STOPPAGE IN A FEW WEEKS OR MONTHS THE AX IS STILL SUSPENDED OVER THE NECK OF OUR NATIONAL ECONOMY IT would be both inaccurate and unfair of course to leave the impression that John L Lewis has been wholly without a case in his strongarmed and high handed methods down through the years Coal mining at best is neither a pleasant nor oc cupation And certainly conditions were not the best when the form er lowan stepped into the picture Major Battle Taking Shape for Jerusalem AP Wireplioto OIL GOES UP IN direct streams of water against the sides of 2 100000 gallon tanks as 200000 gallons of fuel oil went up in smoke in Chicago Sunday afternoon The storage tanks were owned by the Continental Can company and were under lease to Swift and company France Seeks Police Force for Palestine Suggest Use of 100 New York Policemen as Part of Group Luke Success was reported ready Monday to ask for creation ot u volunteer elite police force to protect the menaced Holy City of Jerusalem The French suggested the force might include for example 100 New York policemen as volun teers Verbal Fireworks Fly in Union Contempt Case nationally hack in the days ot Woodrow Wilson Wages were low working time was irregular and conditions of squalor prevailed rather general ly in the home of mine workers It mustbe conceded that Mr Lewis has brought about marked improvement in these things this is the question I am considering in this com the entire pop ulation of our country be brought Judge Tom Boynton City Monday heard charges that Arthur Costello chairman of the strategy committee ot the United Packinghouse local union 38 wants to be the little John L Lewis of Mason City and also that Armour and company deliberately incited and staged a breach of the peace The charges were made by R F Clough Armour attorney and George D Dunn union attorney in their closing arguments to the court before submission of the contempt of court case against the local union members Claim Violation The contempt case is based on the claim that the union members district court injunction prohibiting them from mass pick eting or interfering with traffic in or out of the Jacob E Decker and Sons plant Costello is a deliberate active contemptuous violator of the in junction and should receive the severest punishment of which the court is capable Clough declared in his argument As the leader he should receive a heavier penalty than other union members the at torney added He also insisted that the vecord shows that 48 persons were iden tified as members of the crowd which blocked 15th N E to trucks carrying hogs on the morning of April 14 Clough asked the court to punish them for contempt on the grounds that they had engaged in mass picketing and intimidation in violation of the injunction Not Served Notice Dunn based his defense prin Union Blocks Swift Plant Office Workers Are Stopped at Sioux City Sioux City office workers at the Swift Co strike bound turned plant back here were at company Dong gates Arab Leader Plans Move on Palestine Jewish Forces Resume Attack on Jaffa With Bomb Blasts Jerusalem major battle RapidsTsDecorahaT Diibuque 37 Iowa Falls 16 Mason City 14 I frr Jerusalem appeared to be Waterloo 52 Albia 70 Burlington 15 Davenport 32 Keokuk 37 shaping up Monday amid reports Iowa Greets Soaking Rains Moines soaking rains of the past 6 days have brought an inch or more of rain to virtually all parts of Iowa a weather bu reau summary showed Monday Largest moisture total for the April 2126 period is 263 inches at Waterloo In general the heaviest rains fell in central and north central Iowa the bureau said They averaged from to 2 inches Somewhat lighter amounts fell in eastern and southeastern Iowa but except for a 57 of an inch total at Keokuk other reporting points had an inch or more Iowa temperatures reached a state high 86 at Davenport Sun day and the low early Monday was 42 at Sioux City and Shenandoah Precipitation in the 24 hours ended at a m Monday included Cherokee 32 Estherville 29 Fort Dodge 32 Inwood 72 Onawa 10 Sioux City 53 Spencer 16 Creston 25 Charles City 24 Cedar Ottumwa 17 and Oskaloosa 31 Monday when they reported for work by striking C I O meat packing employes Capt Leo J Pcrleth directing a picket line city police detail saic the office stopped by about 25 pickets The order to pickets refusing entrance lo office workers went into effect Saturday when an esti mated 150 union members sta tioned themselves near the gates City and company police said Monday that the only persons permitted to enter the plant were John E Glen Swift general man ager his assistants and a few other personnel A union officer said that the order against office workers re porting for duty came as a re prisal for an attempt last week to take 4 cars of cattle into the Swift plant Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and somewhat cooler cen tral and east portions Low Mon day night 38 to 45 northwest to near 50 southeast High Tuesday 55 to 60 northwest 60 to 65 southeast Mason City Partly cloudy and cool Monday night Warming Tuesday Low Monday night 40 to 45 High Tuesday 56 to 60 Minnesota Cloudy and cooler Monday night with scattered light rain southeast Tuesday mostly cloudy Some what cooler east portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Seek Protection Details of the French plan were learned as the United Nations as sembly moved for immediate ac tion to safeguard the people of Jerusalem and the shrines of wor ship in the developing Jewish Arab civil war The French plan was scheduled to go before the trusteeship coun cil probably Tuesday At an emer gency sitting in plenary session here the assembly voted 46 to 0 to ask the council to devise a Jeru salem safeguard plan immediate State Moves in on Polk County Fraud Investigation ly Informed sources said the Maximum Minimum At 8 am Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 751 02 33 B1 periodically into economic peril by one man even granting the merits of his cause My answer to this is that there it a better way to approach the problem And its my further be lief that unless this better is developed and applied in the rath er near future our economic sys tem and with it our form of gov ernment is doomed Ill return to this later but for a few minutes lets consider the price which all of our people have had to pay for the Lewis program designed to lift the economic status of the nations miners ALREADY Ive mentioned that the total of strikes in the coal industry has exceeded 5000 dur ing the 28year Lewis regime Wages lost by miners run into the hundreds of millions but it can be assumed that these losses have been recouped by subsequent wage eBut the loss story doesnt end here It only begins The thing thats really important is that the periodic coal shortages brought about by the strikes have cur tailed production and idled mil lions of workers in other fields of industry For example as a result of the March coal strike this year it has been calculated 215000 fewer au tomobiles were produced in the Detroit area than would have been the case if coal had been in ade quate supply The dollar pension fund which WM the nub of the contest between Lewis and the mine operators no more than s tenth of the totaE incmred cipally on the contention that in dividual members of the union were not served notice of the in junction and that consequently they are not within the jurisdic tion of the court in contempt pro ceedings based 011 the injunction The local union cannot be sued in state court Dunn asserted be cause it is unincorporated and was not named by representation He added that Clough had failed to prove that any of the individuals lamed were members of the union In support of his contention that the management had incited the areach of the peace Dunn pointed out that Fred Loomer manager of the casualty department had brought an elderly man named Groh to the plant several times and had him walk the last half block through the picket line to aggravate and incite the pickets Set Up Camera He also pointed out that the management on April 13 had set up a moving picture camera with telescopic lens to take pictures of the stopping of the trucks and mass picketing Dunn called only 3 witnesses Monday in addilion to the de fense witness he put on the stand Friday Deputy Sheriff Walter Balek Chief of Police Harold E Wolfe and Thor Jensen Globe Gazette reporter were questioned to show that there had been no violence on the picket line except April 13 and 14 and that Costello ordered the blockade removed within an hour after it started April 14 Clough contended that Ocle Lysne Isabel Gomez and Juanita GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum 54 At 8 a in Monday f7 Precipitation 14 YEAR AGO Maximum f0 Minimum 35 French plan would call for a spe cial force of between 500 and 800 men drawn from highly trained volunteers around the world Suggest U S Cops A French spokesman suggested New York policemen among those best qualified by experience and training Under the general plan France would draw volunteers from her garde mobile and the British from their police forces It was understood that France already had consulted Jews and Arabs and had gotten tentative acceptance The sources empha sized that the program would fail DCS Moines state Iowa Monday moved in on the Polk county fraud cases to such an extent as they may involve pres ent or former state employes or officials Along with appointment of a special attorney to represent the state Attorney General Robert L Larson asked Polk County Attor ney Carrbll O Switzer to advise him immediately of any informa tion Switzer may have which bears on state personnel Larson in a letter made public by Switzer told the Polk prose cutor that Switzer apparently had not seen fit to advise Larsons of fice information developed in the Polk investigations w h i c h might affect state personnel Larson added he considered it his duty as provided by Iowa law to enter the case insofar as the state might be concerned He wrote thai Ihus far he had found it necessary to get his information out of the newspapers Switzer in a letter of reply to Larson which he also made public answered that be believed Larson now had a photosiatic copy of last summers Elmer Croft affidavit which made reference to some al leged state transactions Oleo Forces Win Hurdle House Votes Bill to Showdown on Floor that King Abdullah of Trans Jordan was preparing to move into Palestine at the head of his Arab legion Wellinformed sources in Cairo said Abdullah plans to lead the British trained legion against the Jews immediately About two thirds of the legion or 10000 men already are on security duty for the British in the Holy Land Both Jews and Arabs mobilized on the southern edges of Jerusa lem Monday Resume Jaffa Attack To the the Jewish Irgun Zvai Leuini forces resumed their Washington oleo forces I attack on Jaffa despite orders to won a test against the butter bloc stop broadcast by Haganah the ualess organized Jews and Arabs agreed not to fight in Jerusalem The police would have to be specialists in the use of arms and have heavy equipment such as tanks and armored cars it was said This probably would mean the use oC war veteranslurned poi icemen RSimon Found Not Guilty by Jury of Reckless Driving A jury of G found Ralph Simon 807 Harrison S W not guilty of a charge of reckless driving brought in justice court Monday Evidence was presented before Justice of Peace C R Servison Simon was charged after pick ets aaid he drove Hi rough their line at the strikebound Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant at i high rate of speed on the morn ing of April 10 The jury consisted of O A Satter Marcus Lundberg Francis Beck Jack Robertson Harold Campbell and E R Worley A similar charge against Lewis C Knutson Joice was continued until Tuesday Nazi Saboteurs Sent to Germany Washington P Bur ger and George John Dasch con victed nazi saboteurs who lauded from submarines on the east coast in June 1942 have been freed from prison and allowed to return to Germany The white house said Monday that President Truman approved a justice department recommenda tion for clemency for the 2 men in the house Monday Jewish defense army The attack That makes it virtually certain I directed into the Mashieh quarter the house will pass legislation to ran into resistance in the Arab end all federal taxes on oleomarcity Heavy bomb explosions pre g ine ceded the attack made under a u u i cover of strong automatic weapons The test came when the house voted to discharge its agriculture committee from further consideraJewish forces threw heavy mor tion of oleo tax repealer bills and tar fire into Acre during the night to plump the issue directly on floor immediately down for a show Acre prison escaped during the at tack Switzer wrote the attorney gen eral that additional information involving the state had been de veloped in addition to that by Croft given The roll call vote to take up j Thc f IQW of Qil lrom Iraq into the repealers was 235 to 121 Haifa leading eastern Mediter Shorlly before the issue got up on n Qil 8rt which tt the floor a house armed services j las week has ceased committee voted unanimously to let the army navy and air force use oleomargarine as they see fit The subcommittee instructed its chairman Rep Anderson RCal to draft a bill repeabng laws which bar all use of margarine by the navy and allow the army and air force to use it only for cooking The grand jury is being this information Switzer said but he asserted he believed Larson would agree that such in formation should not public at this time be made They were under armv ken lo Germ custodv and will 1 Jail 800 in Korea Riots Believe Outbreaks Inspired by Reds Kobe Japan S military police Monday jailed 800 persons as an aftermath to weekend riot ing by nearly BOOO Koreans American Negro soldiers had stepped in swiftly io quell out breaks bore and in Osaka over a touchy duration issue It 1hc iv firM time Iniops have hern called bo out in I hi1 year ulcl occupation permitted to live in the American U HUi army headquarters in occupation under conditions Tokyo said 7 Unoun Japanese corn Spellmar in Australia Sydney Australia cis Cardinal Spellman of New York arrived Monday night to at tend Catholic centenary celebra tions in Melbourne Thirteen prominent churchmen a c c o m panied him These included Arch bishop Gerald T Bergan of Omaha imposed by the commanding gen eral Burger and Dasch were among 8 men rounded up by the FBI as saboteurs put ashore from subs with instructions to cripple Ameri can war industries They were tried by a military commission and all were convicted Six were executed CIO Conference Ends Des Moines discus sions of political education and techniques wound up a 4stale CIO education copference here Sunday Over 100 delegates from Iowa Minnesota Missouri and Nebraska attended the 3day ses sion mimists were among the 800 ar rested U S intelligence officers said the disturbances were communist inspired A jailed Koreai leader told the Associated Press Japanese communists took part in the riots No American casualties were re ported At least 38 Koreans and Japanese were injured in the melee Headquarters termed re sistance negligible due lo com plete cooperation between Japa nese officials and police and American military police U S commanders were in structed to continue a dragnet over this southern Honshu port city 1o sec that all persons responsible the lawless acts arc arrested High Bench Backs Charges Against Cement Producers Washington supreme court upheld 61 Monday federal trade commission charges that numerous cement producers main tained a combination to fix prices throughout the country Justice Black wrote the maior ity decision Justice Burton wrote a dissent Justices Douglas and Jackson took no part The commissions principal comj plaint was against use ot a muUi phj basinspoint dclivrredprice svsiom 3 Slugged as Bandits Get Loot Fairmont Minn Search in southern Iowa was Minnesota and North made Monday for 3 bandits who are believed to have fled south after robbing a busi nessman and his secretary at Fair mont Minn The bandits took more than in cash and jewels Martin county Sheriff A R Bat terman said that car tracks indi cate the thieves headed for the Iowa border 10 miles away attcr ihe robbery late Sunday night Handcuff Patrolman Patrolman George Cavers who was handcuffed with his own cults when went to chock the holdup said IIP got a good look at oneof ihe bandits when the mans mask slipped The others are unknown Charles Potter 50 owner of the Fairmont Novelty company which does business in southern Minne sota and North Iowa says the men entered his home shortly before midnight and shoved a gun in his ribs British Leave Camp At Jerusalem a British army regiment at noon was packing its gear to evacuate Alamein camp which lies astride the Bethlehem road leading south from Jerusa lem Part of the regiment already has moved out in the general evac uation scheme and officers said the rest would be gone by sun down The British are to abandon their league of nations mandate for Palestine May 15 and evacu ate their troops by Aug 1 Most of about 200 prisoners in the Acre prison escaped in the course of the attack Acres popu lation is swollen by Arab refugees from Haifa captured by Haganah last week Earlier the British confirmed officiallythat all air services have been suspended to and from Lydda airport used by International Lines Arabs Retreat High Irgun officers lold report ers Sunday night Arab defenders had fallen back into the middle of Jaffa a neighboring city ot 95000 and Irgun soldiers were go on with the attack Earlier SAME Whitu no tralfii put 74 hesri CONTINUED ON FACE 2 Barragan also were guilty of con tempt for an attack on Adelaide Fletcher and Marian Wieland on the evening of April 13 Injuries Fatal Potters secretary Miss Gladys Erickson heard the disturbance and ran out the back door but the bandits caught her and dragged her into 1he house where she and Potter were slugged and tied up House Ransacked When Miss Erickson ran out of the house Potter telephoned po lice The house was ransacked and more than in diamonds and other iewelry was taken Potter says hn lost about in cash and was taken from the pa trolmans wallet Patrolman Cavers say he noticed a car similar to the sheriffs out side the house and thought Sher iff Batterman had preceded him to Potters house The patrolman entered the house without drawing a 5 Lin and the bandits slugged him too Potter worked loose from his bonds and called the police again Neither man is seriously hurt but Batterman says Miss Erickson required treatment for a cut and severe bruises she got when slugged Hebrew newspapers said the drive had carried a mile into Jaffas frontier Manshieh quarter Other sources said the under ground assault had stalled on run ning up against British troops with mechanized equipment They said the British had told Haganah Tel Aviv would be shelled unless Irgun fell back into the no mans land between the cities The British army in Jerusa lem reported Sunday early cas ualties in the Jaffa fighting were 2 Jews and 2 Arabs dead and 64 Arabs Mason City Firm Ordered to Stop Union Activities Washington national labor relations board Monday or dered the Stoddard Manufactur ing company of Mason City Iowa to cease recognizing and domi nating or interfering with an in dependent union of its workers The board further ordered the company to post notices in its plant saying it would not recog nize the independent union the Stoddard United Workers as the representative of any of its em ployes and would not dominate or interfere with the independent union Waterloo JP Albert Pearl H Briggs 66 died Sunday at a local hospital from injuries suffered Saturday night when he was struck by an automobile n AT Wirepholo UNEXPECTED VISITOR Dishes and mirrors brok en in nearby homes as this 7100 ton Liberty ship Charles Tufts went aground off Sea Gate Brooklyn Sunday The V ship is shown being puiied oii uy a tug No one was injured The ship was enroutc from Marseilles io New York Federalists Leader at Drake Des Moines Nash vice president of United World Fcdcraljsts will speak at the Mid west Institute oE International Re lations June 1018 at Drake uni versity Sell Bakery Keokuk Schouten president of Schoutens Bakery Inc established here in 1375 Saturday announced sale of company to William Copeland secretary of the Lawenberg cry Ottumwa ;